|Date||Area||Affected Area||Number of Deaths||Men killed||Women killed||Children killed||Total number of Injuries||Men injured||Women Injured||Children killed||Investigated by||Comments by Investigators|
|03/29/2015||Sa'dah||Cultural Center, Home, Sa’dah City||28||14||17||7||3||3||——||—||Human Rights Watch||Human Rights Watch examined satellite images of the airstrikes. Researchers inspected three impact craters on the compound of the cultural center. A crater about one meter in diameter was located at the northern side of the cultural center, right inside the entrance gates. Two bombs appeared to have hit the building itself. The al-Ibbi house had been almost completely reduced to rubble with only part of the back wall and rooms still standing. There was also significant damage to neighboring houses. Human Rights Watch researchers did not find any remnants that could help identify the weapons used in the attacks, but aerial bombs appear to have been used. Nabil Ali Jameel, the head of the cultural center, told Human Rights Watch that the center is used for local festivals, theatre pieces, as a library, and to host the local Saada-based Ansar Allah radio station, Massira FM. A radio station used to direct military forces – and not merely report news or make propaganda statements – would be a valid military target, subject to a proportionality analysis. Having listened to some of the radio’s broadcasts, Human Rights Watch did not find evidence that the radio station was being used in that way. One Saada resident said there were rumors that Houthi forces had used the cultural center as a meeting point, but all others with whom Human Rights Watch spoke did not believe this to be true.[|
|03/30/2015||Hajjah||IDP Camp, Marzaq, Hajjah||29||29||——||41||14 children, 11 women||Human Rights Watch, World Health Organization, MSF||The Guardian reported that some aid workers believed the attack was targeting a nearby base for Houthi fighters, a claim that Human Rights Watch could not confirm. Even if several Houthi fighters or a military truck were present at the camp, the attack was still probably unlawfully indiscriminate or disproportionate, Human Rights Watch said. Mareh, the camp manager, said that Ansar Allah has a security office at the camp, near the market, but that it had been empty for three days, since the guards left to join military operations at the border. He said he did not hear any artillery or other fire in the area before the strikes, and that the camp authorities never allow armed people to enter the camp, including that morning. Another witness told Human Rights Watch that he did not see any armed men at the camp prior to the strikes, nor did he hear any fire. None of the countries participating in the coalition have provided information that the camps are a legitimate military target. When asked about the strikes, a Saudi military official, Brig. Gen. Ahmad al-Assiri, said, “It could have been that the fighter jets replied to fire, and we cannot confirm that it was a refugee camp.” Medecins Sans Frontieres, which supports a hospital in the vicinity, confirmed that its staff treated dozens of people wounded by the airstrikes that day, and received the remains of some people who had been killed. An aid worker at the hospital told Human Rights Watch, “We received a number of charred bodies, truncated limbs and others with very severe wounds.”|
|03/31/2015||Hodeida||Yemen Dairy and Beverage Factory, Hodeida||31||——||——||11||11||——||——||Human Rights Watch||The governments that participated in the attacks should investigate the airstrikes, which may have been indiscriminate or disproportionate, in violation of the laws of war. Forces of Ansar Allah, known as the Houthis, and other opposition forces, also appeared to put civilians at unnecessary risk. Area residents told Human Rights Watch that the Yemany Dairy and Beverage factory, a multi-building compound 7 kilometers outside the Red Sea port of Hodaida, was about 100 meters from a military air base controlled by Houthi forces. Military units loyal to former President Ali Abdullah Saleh were at another nearby military camp. While civilian casualties do not necessarily mean that the laws of war were violated, the high loss of civilian life in a factory seemingly used for civilian purposes should be impartially investigated, Human Rights Watch said. If the United States provided intelligence or other direct support for the airstrikes, it would as a party to the conflict share the obligation to minimize civilian harm and investigate alleged violations. Two people who were about 100 to 200 meters from the factory, and another who was about 2 kilometers away, said they saw one or more planes take part in the attack. A factory worker told Human Rights Watch that after his shift ended at 11 p.m., he waited with colleagues at the factory gate for the employee bus. At 11:10 p.m., he heard the sound of aircraft, which he had seen bombing elsewhere in Hodaida earlier that evening. A few seconds later, he saw one of the factory warehouses explode. “We rushed to the doors of the nearest building full of staff, and held open the doors as people ran out,” he said.|
|04/06/2015||Sa'dah City||Daghfal home||7||1||4||2||——||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||Sa’dah City, April 6 - Around 12:30 a.m. on April 6, an aerial attack struck the home of Muhammad Daghfal, killing seven members of the family, including four women and two children, according to Muhammad Gahsha, a grave worker who buried the dead. Human Rights Watch visited the ruins of the house, which was located in a rural area about five kilometers from the center of Saada City. An investigator at the Salam hospital confirmed the deaths. Satellite imagery recorded on April 7 shows the complete destruction of the Daghfal house. Satellite imagery shows no other damage in the vicinity.|
|04/11/2015||Amran||Amran City||4||1||2||1||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||Al-Qihwi told Human Rights Watch that as far as he knew, there were no Houthi or other military forces or structures in the area at the time of the airstrike, nor had he seen Houthis using the education ministry building. On that morning he had not seen any Houthi vehicles on the road. He said that the only other airstrike in the area had taken place a few days earlier, and had struck a park a few kilometers away, near Amran University, but he did not know what the intended target of that strike was either. Muhammad al-Harasi, 31, a guard at the Ministry of Education building who was present at the time of the airstrike, told Human Rights Watch that he saw anti-aircraft fire coming from a mountain a couple of kilometers to the southwest. He also said that he believed that senior officials from Amran’s administration had been meeting in a nearby house. Human Rights Watch examined the site on July 23. Al-Qihwi’s house had been completely destroyed by the bomb blast, which had also blown out a section of the concrete wall surrounding the Ministry of Education compound. A second bomb had left a crater next to the road near the compound. An attack on the Ministry of Education compound would have been unlawful, unless the compound was being used for military purposes. Civil authorities would not be legitimate military targets unless they were directly involved in planning or participating in military operations.|
|04/14/2015||Taiz||Al Akma Village, Taiz||10||1||7||2||14||14||——||——||Amnesty International||Al-Akma Village, 20km north-east of the city of Ta’iz, falls between two Huthi/Saleh loyalist-controlled military installations, both belonging to 22 May Brigade, around 500m to 1km from the east and west of the village. According to the information obtained by Amnesty International, no combatants or military objectives were in the vicinity of the house, and the nearest military objective was the 22 May Military Camp, which is several hundreds of meters away.|
|04/15/2015||Sa'dah||Jarman Petrol Station, Sa’dah City||5||5||——||——||23||23||——||——||Human Rights Watch||Satellite imagery recorded around 10:30 a.m. on April 15, about two and a half hours before the airstrike, shows a line of several dozen vehicles stretching approximately 175 meters from the petrol station. The vehicles appear small in size consistent with passenger cars and pickup trucks. Satellite imagery recorded on May 2 shows extensive building destruction and fire-burned cars surrounding the petrol station consistent with the detonation of aerial munitions and secondary fuel tank fires. During its investigation of the site, Human Rights Watch found that the concrete overhang above the petrol pumps had collapsed, consistent with witnesses’ claims that a bomb struck the roof. There were seven burned-out vehicles in close proximity to the station. All of the vehicles appeared civilian. Five of the vehicles were small passenger mini-buses. Two cars were regular personal cars. Photos from the immediate aftermath of the attack that Human Rights Watch reviewed do not show any additional vehicles that would appear to be military.|
Because of the importance of fuel for military operations, depriving belligerent forces of fuel supplies is a legitimate military objective. Even so, for the coalition to attack a petrol station in the middle of the day when it could reasonably be determined that many civilians were present, instead of at night and after providing a specific warning, is contrary to the obligations to take all feasible precautions to minimize civilian harm and may amount to an unlawfully indiscriminate or disproportionate attack.
|04/18/2015||Sa'dah||Oxfam warehouse, Sa’dah City||1||1||——||——||——||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||An airstrike by the Saudi Arabia-led coalition that destroyed a humanitarian aid warehouse in northern Yemen on April 18, 2015, was an apparent violation of the laws of war. The attack in Saada killed at least one unidentified man outside the facility of the international aid organization Oxfam. The dire humanitarian situation in Yemen is made worse by attacks on relief supplies, Human Rights Watch said. The governments that participated in the attack should impartially investigate the airstrike, which struck civilian goods and a structure that do not appear to have been used for military purposes. The coalition has yet to comment on the attack.|
|05/05/2015||Sa'dah||Al-Hibbi house, Sa’dah City||8||——||7||1||——||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||On May 5, an aerial attack struck the house of Muhammed al-Hibbi, killing his wife and all seven children when the roof collapsed on top of them, according to his cousin, Nuh Ahmed al-Hibbi. Human Rights Watch did not visit the impact site, but medical staff corroborated the number of casualties.|
|05/09/2015||Sa'dah||Sa'dah City, Sa'dah||——||——||——||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||The May 9 attack on the market in front of the Imam al-Hadi mosque, for example, wounded one man who was in his home near the window when a munition struck, completely destroyed about a dozen small shops, and caused significant structural damage to residential houses on both sides of the market. The strike created a six-meter wide crater. Human Rights Watch researchers did not find any weapon remnants at the scene of the attack that would have allowed them to determine the specific weapon used. At a government building in Saada City, Human Rights Watch photographed the remnants of an MK-83 air-dropped 1,000-pound bomb made in the US. At the site of other attacks Human Rights Watch saw several explosive remnants of war, but was unable to determine the specific type of weapons used or draw further conclusions based on the remnants alone. Saudi Arabia and other members of the coalition have not disclosed information on the types or quantities of weapons used in the airstrikes. When Human Rights Watch visited the site researchers observed that the Houthis had posted armed guards at the entrance to the mosque. However, the presence of armed guards would not render the mosque a military target. Dropping multiple bombs on guards near a market appears unlawfully indiscriminate or disproportionate. Human Rights Watch reviewed satellite imagery recorded on the morning of May 10 and identified four probable impact locations from separate air-dropped munitions on this market and immediately adjacent buildings on either side of the market. Human Rights Watch found no evidence of any military objective in the immediate area.|
|05/10/2015||Sa'dah||Sa'dah City, Sa'dah||——||——||——||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||Human Rights Watch reviewed satellite imagery recorded in the morning of May 19 and identified a large zone of complete destruction, approximately 30 by 40 meters in size, within the Old Market resulting from impact of one and possibly more air-dropped munitions. Human Rights Watch found no evidence of any military objective in the immediate area.|
|05/10/2015||Sa'dah City||Qabas family home, Sa’dah City||5||1||3||1||2||——||——||2||Human Rights Watch||On the morning of May 10, two bombs struck a residential house and the adjacent street in central Saada City, killing at least five people, including the owner of the house and four neighbors from the Qabas family, the mother and three children. The attack also injured two children from the al-Sherif home. Human Rights Watch examined the site. Two-thirds of the façade of al-Sherif’s house had been destroyed, leaving the inner rooms exposed. Researchers did not find any munition remnants at the site to indicate the weapon used. A crater about one meter in diameter in the asphalt in front of the house was partially filled with bricks and other debris from the house. There was also significant blast damage to stores on the other side of the street. Human Rights Watch did not identify any obvious military targets in the vicinity. Sherif Ahmed said that none of his family members were in the Houthi forces and he was not aware of any members in the Qabas family.|
|05/11/2015||Sa'dah||Al Munadil Hussein Fayed School, Sa’dah City, Sa'dah||——||——||——||——||——||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||A coalition airstrike hit al-Munadil Hussein Fayed School, a girls’ secondary school in Saada City at 8:30 a.m. on May 11. Abdulhaliq al-Mutamayiz, 32, who lives 100 meters away, told Human Rights Watch that he was walking past the school when one corner of it sustained an aerial strike, leading him and another man to run for cover behind a nearby wall. From there, al-Mutamayiz said he heard another strike three minutes later that hit an open area about 200 meters away, followed by a third strike further away three minutes after that. He said he did not know whether there were any military installations or Houthi fighters at the school. Human Rights Watch’s investigations did not find any evidence that fighters had been using the school. All education in Yemen has been suspended since March 26, when the coalition air campaign began, and no one was present at the school at the time of the strike, local residents told Human Rights Watch. A neighboring landowner, Muhammad Ali Saleh, showed Human Rights Watch a deep crater around one meter in diameter in the middle of his field, which he said was made by an aerial munition that burrowed deep into the ground when the school was hit in the strike. Saleh said that the munition was still buried in the ground.|
|05/12/2015||Hodeidah||Abs, Hodeidah||25||21||1||3||18||18||——||——||Human Rights Watch||At about 3:15 p.m. on May 12, just before the afternoon prayer time, two bombs hit the Abs/Kholan Prison and other buildings in Abs, a town 150 kilometers (93 miles) north of the port city of Hodaida. Thirty-three men convicted of petty crimes were incarcerated there at the time. The strikes killed at least 25 civilians, including one woman and three children, and wounded at least 18 civilians. Human Rights Watch examined the site on July 25. The bomb hit the prison’s mosque, at the corner of the prison compound, collapsing the structure. Ali Muhammad Hassan Mualim, 55, a local builder, told Human Rights Watch that he was chewing qat with friends at the time of the strike, in a building about 200 meters (219 yards) away and facing the prison. Among those killed were 17 prisoners, a prison guard, and two people in a shop near the prison, according to a medic at the hospital in Abs. Mualim said he also saw the body of a man who had been driving by the prison on his motorcycle at the time of the attack. The second bomb struck minutes later, hitting the home of Omar Ali Farjain, about 50 meters (164 feet) from the prison, killing his wife and three of their children. The strike injured Farjain and his daughter, Maryam, 5, who was left with burns and metal fragments in her head.The blast ripped the façade off the building and incinerated the family’s car parked in front. Human Rights Watch has not been able to determine the intended target of the attack. Khalid Ali Farjain, the brother of Omar Farjain, said he had visited the prison every day since the war began to provide food to the inmates, and that he had never seen any military activity at the prison, such as weapons stored inside or nearby, or Houthi or allied military personnel.|
One local resident said that a few dilapidated buildings near the prison belonged to the Yemeni military and had been used to house families of officers, but others denied this. Human Rights Watch discovered the chassis and parts of what appeared to be two military jeeps among the dilapidated buildings, but found no other signs that the area had been used for military purposes, or that people had recently lived in the buildings. A National Security officer in Sanaa told Human Rights Watch that at the time of the strike, the Houthis had been holding several Saudi prisoners of war at the Abs/Kholan Prison. Human Rights Watch was unable to verify this information. Since the beginning of the war, several airstrikes in other parts of Abs targeted the military airport, a military compound, and another building off the main road that residents said was being used for military purposes. Ordinary prisons are civilian objects that may not be targeted unless they are being used for military purposes. Had the Houthis been using the prison to hold captured combatants, it would be a legitimate military objective, though any attack would need to be proportionate, not causing more civilian casualties than the anticipated military gain of the attack.
|05/12/2015||Hodeidah||Zabid, Hodeidah||60||39||13||8||155||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||At about 4:15 p.m. on May 12, aircraft dropped at least five bombs on the Houthi-controlled town of Zabid, 96 kilometers (0.6 miles) south of the western port city of Hodaida, killing at least 60 civilians, including 13 women and eight children, and wounding at least 155. Human Rights Watch examined the site on July 26. Three of the bombs had struck a three-story building in the middle of the Shagia market. The first bomb struck a sweets shop in the building. The second strike, which witnesses said took place about five minutes later, hit a restaurant on the building’s ground floor. The third struck the building’s second floor, causing the structure to collapse. The force of the blasts also destroyed two other buildings housing another restaurant and four grocery stores.|
|05/26/2015||Taiz||Dar Saber Village||8||2||——||6||7||5||——||5||Amnesty International|
|06/02/2015||Sa’dah||Sa’dah City, Sa’dah||7||7||——||——||——||——||——||——||Amnesty International||According to Khaled Sanad, the representative of an aid organization linked to the Houthis, a third airstrike hit a security checkpoint south of Amran, about 15 kilometers (9.3 miles) away, at about the same time as the attack on the two markets, killing four Houthi members manning the checkpoint and three civilians who were on the road at the time.|
|06/03/2015||Sa'dah||Al Eram, Beni Ma’ath, Sa’dah||55||8||35||11||——||——||——||——||Amnesty International||The two shopkeepers said another strike hit the building of the Religious Endowments Ministry, which also housed a restaurant, juice shop, and small grocery store, on the night between May 9 and 10. No one was wounded in the strike because it happened at night, they said.|
|06/04/2015||Sa'dah||Al-Maghsal, Al-Jamala, Sa’dah||11||——||8||3||3||——||1||2||Amnesty International||Fragments of MK 80 bombs, which have been systematically used in coalition forces’ air bombardments, were found in the ruins of the house by Amnesty International. As with many other coalition airstrikes, there was no evident military objective at or near the site of the multiple strikes, whose victims were all children and women.|
|06/04/2015||Sa’dah||Sa’dah City, Sa’dah||8||3||2||3||1||——||——||Amnesty International||It is not clear if the target of the strike was the vehicle in which the al-Lamood family was travelling, the petrol station, the political security building or another target nearby. The vehicle and the civilians in it should not have been targeted. The petrol station also is a civilian object and should not have been directly attacked as such. As part of their obligation to take necessary precautions, those planning an attack on a legitimate target in the immediate vicinity should have been aware of and taken into consideration the danger of striking a petrol station, which was likely to cause a secondary explosion and fire thereby putting civilians in the area at risk. They would have had an obligation to consider other less risky targets.|
|06/08/2015||Sa'dah||Beni Ma’ath, Sabr, Sahar, Sa’dah||5||——||2||3||3||——||——||2||Amnesty International||The strikes created a 10-meter wide crater, where Amnesty International found remnants of a US-designed Mark (MK) 80 series general purpose bomb.43 Survivors told Amnesty International that three consecutive airstrikes hit the farm, sending some of the 22 family members flying dozens of meters away. They said that they did not find the body of one of the children killed in the strike until four days later. Amnesty International found no evidence of military activities around the house, where the family’s meagre possessions were strewn dozens of meters from the ruins of the house.|
|06/13/2015||Sa'dah||Dammaj Valley, Al-Safra, Sa’dah||10||——||2||8||7||——||2||4||Amnesty International||Amnesty International visited the site three weeks after the airstrike and found at the ruins of the house many items that would normally be found in a civilian house – children’s toys, books, clothes, cooking utensils and furniture. No sign of weapons or other military ware were found in or around the house. Amnesty International did not find any information to suggest that the male residents, who were all, except one, not in the house at the time of the strike, were fighters. At best, this attack demonstrates reckless disregard for the lives of civilians. If the attackers had information that fighters were present, they had a duty to take steps to verify their presence and to ascertain who else was in the house. If necessary precautions had been taken the attack would have been cancelled due to the fact that only civilians were present.|
|06/16/2015||Taiz||Al Mujaliyya Neighborhood, Taiz||5||——||1||4||——||——||——||——||Amnesty International||On that night, three airstrikes targeted al-Mujaliyya neighbourhood for the first time, minutes apart. The first targeted al-Arwa School, which was reportedly being used as a detention centre by the Huthi/Saleh loyalists. The second struck the Hayel home and the third landed in the courtyard of the al-Ahdal family, where 13 relatives (10 women, three men) were sheltering in the basement of the house after hearing the first two strikes. The bomb at al- Ahdal house, only a couple of doors down from the Hayel family, failed to detonate, limiting what could have been even greater destruction and likely more civilian casualties.|
|06/30/2015||Taiz||Taiz City||4||1||1||2||——||——||——||——||Amnesty International||The house, a large and solid structure, collapsed onto itself. It is not possible to fully assess what lies under the debris, but no evidence is visible that the house contained a weapon store or that combatants had been at the house. There were also no remains of weapons in the rubble, no signs of secondary explosions, no information that bodies were recovered other than the four family members, putting into question the justification and legality of the strike.|
|07/01/2015||Sa'dah||Sa’dah City, Sa’dah||1||1||——||——||9||4||5||——||Amnesty International||The fact that the building was the object of three successive strikes indicates that it was likely the intended target, possibly because it was associated with Military Police chief Hamid al-Hamiri, a member of the extended al-Hamiri family who, according to relatives and neighbours who spoke to Amnesty International, was no longer living in the building and was not in or near the building at the time of the strike. However, even if he had been present, attacking the building in this manner, with some 20 civilians present, would likely have been disproportionate.|
|07/04/2015||Hajjah||Muthalith Ahim, Hajjah||65||65||——||——||105||——||——||Human Rights Watch||At about 10 p.m. on July 4, coalition aircraft bombed the marketplace in the middle of the village of Muthalith Ahim, about 20 kilometers south of the Saudi border in Yemen’s northwest. Because the attack occurred during the holy month of Ramadan, the area was crowded with people breaking their fast in restaurants late in the evening. The airstrike destroyed at least six buildings along the main road of the village, including a four-story building housing the Sanaa Restaurant, a small shop and hotel, and a water truck and car parked outside. Human Rights Watch examined the site on July 24 and spoke to the staff of four hospitals that received the dead and wounded, as well as officials with the Ministry of Human Rights. The attack killed at least 65 people, including at least six African migrants and three children, and wounded at least 105. Forty of the wounded who were sent to al-Jumhouri Hospital in Hajja were suffering from metal fragment injuries, and most needed surgery, according to a nurse who was on call that night. It is not clear if any Houthi or allied fighters were killed in the attack. Al-Mashwali, the truck driver, told Human Rights Watch there had been a Houthi checkpoint about 50 meters (55 yards) from where the strike hit, manned by 10 to 12 Houthi fighters. Witnesses who spoke to Human Rights Watch said the strike did not damage the checkpoint. Even if the checkpoint, a legitimate military objective, was the target of the attack, the coalition should conduct an investigation to determine if all feasible precautions were taken to minimize the harm to civilians, and whether the attack as carried out was unlawfully indiscriminate or disproportionate.|
|07/04/2015||Hajjah||Muthalith Ahim, Hajjah||29||29||——||——||105||105||——||——||Human Rights Watch||At about 10 p.m. on July 4, coalition aircraft bombed the marketplace in the middle of the village of Muthalith Ahim, about 20 kilometers south of the Saudi border in Yemen’s northwest. Because the attack occurred during the holy month of Ramadan, the area was crowded with people breaking their fast in restaurants late in the evening. The airstrike destroyed at least six buildings along the main road of the village, including a four-story building housing the Sanaa Restaurant, a small shop and hotel, and a water truck and car parked outside. Human Rights Watch examined the site on July 24 and spoke to the staff of four hospitals that received the dead and wounded, as well as officials with the Ministry of Human Rights. The attack killed at least 65 people, including at least six African migrants and three children, and wounded at least 105. Forty of the wounded who were sent to al-Jumhouri Hospital in Hajja were suffering from metal fragment injuries, and most needed surgery, according to a nurse who was on call that night. It is not clear if any Houthi or allied fighters were killed in the attack. Al-Mashwali, the truck driver, told Human Rights Watch there had been a Houthi checkpoint about 50 meters (55 yards) from where the strike hit, manned by 10 to 12 Houthi fighters. Witnesses who spoke to Human Rights Watch said the strike did not damage the checkpoint. Even if the checkpoint, a legitimate military objective, was the target of the attack, the coalition should conduct an investigation to determine if all feasible precautions were taken to minimize the harm to civilians, and whether the attack as carried out was unlawfully indiscriminate or disproportionate.|
|07/06/2015||Amran||Markets across Amran||29||13||1||15||20||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||Starting about 4:30 p.m. on July 6, bombs hit two locations in the governorate of Amran, north of Sanaa, killing at least 29 civilians, including a woman and 15 children, and wounding at least 20 civilians. The first strike hit an area known as Bawn market, where vegetable sellers gather near the main road between Amran and Raydah, about 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) northeast of Amran City. Mufarih, 35, a potato seller who only goes by his first name, told Human Rights Watch he was walking towards the local mosque because he had missed the afternoon prayer, when the bomb hit. Minutes later, a second bomb struck the Jawb market along the road just over one kilometer (0.62 miles) further north, damaging a gas station, a car outside the local mosque, and the home of Mansour Ahmed Taqi, 40, a local farmer. The market had been there for at least two years and was the largest in the area, attracting hundreds of people daily. The Jawb market strike killed 22 people, at least 19 of them civilians, including one woman and six children, and wounded 14. Four of the dead were members of the Taqi family. Three people who were in a car at the time of the attack had not been identified at the time that Human Rights Watch visited, so it was not possible to determine whether they were civilians. Al-Jawbi told Human Rights Watch that after the attack, there was no more market in the area: “Now there is nothing. People are afraid.” He said that he was unaware of any military targets in the area, such as military vehicles, at the time of the strike.|
|07/06/2015||Lahj||Waht, Fayush, Lahj||40||40||——||——||——||——||——||——||Amnesty International||The sandy soil at the site of the strike absorbed the impact and likely lessened the spread of shrapnel in the area. No remains were found from the bomb dropped by the coalition plane, but the crater – some three meters deep and four meters in diameter – indicates a likely 500- 1,000 lbs (200 – 450 +Kg) bomb (similar to the ones used in many other attacks). Remains of animal carcasses were still strewn around when Amnesty International visited the site several days later.|
Amnesty International could not trace most of the victims and families of victims of the attack, as most were not local residents but people who were visiting the market from surrounding areas. Amnesty International could not establish with certainty whether any members of the Huthi armed group were present at the livestock market at the time of the airstrike. However, information obtained from multiple sources, including witnesses and residents, indicate there was no combat or other military activity at the time of the attack and that most if not all the victims were civilian bystanders not involved in the conflict. The attack violated the principle of distinction, a cornerstone of international humanitarian law, which requires all parties to a conflict to: “...at all times distinguish between the civilian population and combatants and between civilian objects and military objectives...”,22 and which defines military objective as “those objects which by their nature, location, purpose or use make an effective contribution to military action and whose total or partial destruction, capture or neutralization, in the circumstances ruling at the time, offers a definite military advantage.” Military advantage may not be interpreted so broadly as to render the rule ineffective. Even if some combatants had been present at the site this would not have justified launching an attack on a market, which was sure to cause large scale civilian casualties and fatalities and which was not only disproportionate but also indiscriminate.
|07/07/2015||Lahj||Waht, Fayush, Lahj||11||11||——||——||——||——||——||——||Amnesty International||Near the ruins of the mosque Amnesty International found the unexploded bomb which had struck the mosque earlier that morning. The bomb, US-manufactured Mark 83 (MK 83), fitted with a US-manufactured delay fusing system, appeared to have malfunctioned, as it failed to explode. It is not clear whether the bombs used in this attack and in the attack against the school described above were fitted with precision guiding devices or not. Weapons that are by nature indiscriminate are prohibited under international humanitarian law and cannot be used in populated areas. Both attacks appear to have missed their intended targets – nearby sites where members of the Huthi/Saleh loyalist armed groups gathered - or to have wrongly targeted civilian objects, a school and a mosque full of civilians not involved in the conflict for unknown reasons; possibly they were supplied the wrong coordinates by their operatives/informants on the ground.|
|07/09/2015||Lahj||Tahrur, Lahj||10||1||5||4||10||10||——||——||Amnesty International||The displaced people who were sheltering in the school are members of the “muhammashin” (marginalised) community – Yemeni citizens of African origins, one of the country’s poorest and most vulnerable communities in the country. Neighbours told Amnesty International that the last time they saw any Huthis was four days before the strike, when two Huthis passed by the school but did not stop. They said that before the airstrike Huthis used to stay in a school and nearby building in another part of the village, less than a kilometre away. All that was visible in the ruins of the school were remains of the meagre possessions of the displaced families who had been sheltering there – blankets, cooking pots, children’s clothes - as well as a fin of a bomb from the Mark 80 series US-designed general purpose bombs, similar to those found at many other locations of coalition strikes.|
|07/12/2015||Sana'a||Sawan, Sana’a||23||2||7||14||31||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, Mwatana||The area is populated by the marginalized muhamashee people part of Yemen’s minority group, about 11 percent of the population, that suffers social segregation and discrimination, including in accessing public education and employment. Human Rights Watch examined the site on July 20. The blast destroyed 10 small, single-story houses and damaged another 50. Remnants of the control fins of a laser-guided bomb were photographed by Amnesty International at the site of the attack. We were unable to discern whether the bomb was deliberately guided to the impact point or whether there was a malfunction of the guidance system or other mistake that caused the bomb to strike this spot. Residents told Human Rights Watch that an airstrike hit the External Medical Clinic, a military medical facility located next to the Military Engineers’ Compound, about 500 meters away, about five minutes after the strike on the homes. Human Rights sought access to the compound, but armed guards denied us entry, saying they would need to get authorization. The Military Engineers’ Compound was a legitimate military target. The nearby military medical facility was not a valid military target—medical facilities, including those serving military personnel, may not be targeted unless they are being used to commit hostile acts and a warning has been given. The proximity of the hospital to the engineer’s compound unnecessarily placed it at risk of being damaged in an attack on the compound.|
|07/19/2015||Sana'a||Yareem, Sana’a||16||4||3||9||16||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||At about 2 a.m. on July 19, airstrikes killed at least 16 civilians, including three women and nine children, and wounded at least 16 civilians, in Yareem town, about 120 kilometers (75 miles) south of Sanaa. Human Rights Watch examined the site on July 22. The strike had partially damaged, and in some cases completely destroyed, 11 one-story residential homes and a two-story building.|
|07/24/2015||Mokha, Taiz||Residential Compound, Steam Plant, Mokha City||65||40||12||13||36||9||13||14||Mwatana, Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, Vice News||Coalition forces bombed a residential compound housing workers of the Steam Power Plant and their families in the south-western port city of Mokha on 24 July at approximately 10pm, killing at least 63 civilians and injuring 50 others. Amnesty International visited the site three days after the airstrike and interviewed 21 residents and plant workers at the site and in five hospitals in Mokha and Hodeida (on the north-western coast). One resident, Amal Sabri, described the incident as “something out of judgement day. Corpses and heads scattered, engulfed by fire and ashes”. According to residents and plant workers, at least six consecutive strikes pounded the housing compound, several targeting the compound cafeteria and maintenance equipment store. Amnesty International delegates at the site found no evidence that the residential compounds were being used for any military purposes. According to scores of residents interviewed by Amnesty International, no Huthi fighters were present in the compound, which also housed several families displaced by the conflicts in Ta’iz, Aden and surrounding areas. The nearest military objective, an air force base, is located approximately 800m south east of the residential compounds. It is unclear whether it was also targeted.|
|08/08/2015||Ibb||Shara’a, Ibb||8||2||3||3||——||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||On August 8, starting at 8:30 p.m., coalition aircraft dropped five bombs in the span of several minutes, destroying eight homes in the village of Shara`a, located in southern Ibb governorate’s Radhma district. The village has a population of about 800 people. The strikes killed eight civilians, including three women and three children, and left at least two civilians wounded. The al-Salam military base, which was occupied by Houthi forces, is located two kilometers (1.2 miles) from the village. Although the base was apparently not struck, 10 minutes before bombs hit Shara`a, two strikes hit the Al-Ahram event hall, located next to the base. Human Rights Watch also established that the site is located about 200 meters (219 yards) from the entrance to the 55th Rocket Artillery Brigade. Residents told Human Rights Watch that since the beginning of the air campaign in March, and on that night, they heard anti-aircraft guns being fired from the base. One nearby resident said that the now-dismantled Republican Guard, the military wing under the command of former president Ali Abdullah Saleh’s son, Ahmed Ali Abdullah Saleh, had controlled the base since 1994. The base had been the main depot of Scud ballistic missiles for the Yemeni military, the resident said, but those had been removed about four years ago, and now the main weapons at the base were artillery rockets. There had been as many as 2,000 troops at the base in the past, he said, but only 300 troops were there since current conflict started. The military base was a legitimate military target. The attack that struck the residential neighborhood should be investigated by the coalition to determine if it was unlawfully targeted and whether all feasible precautions had been taken to minimize civilian loss of life and property.|
|08/24/2015||Hodeidah||Al-Asma School, Mansouriya, Hodeidah||——||——||——||——||——||——||——||——||Amnesty International||Amnesty International spoke with four residents from Mansouriya village, including a student from al-Asma School and the school’s director and deputy director during a visit to the school on 8 November. All four told Amnesty International that al-Asma School was never used for military purposes and was attacked by coalition forces despite its purely civilian status.|
|08/27/2015||Hodeida||Al Shamyeh Education Complex for Girls||2||1||1||——||——-||——||——||——||Amnesty International||Amnesty International reviewed video footage published on YouTube on 25 and 27 August taken after the strikes on the school. The video does not show the presence of any military personnel or materiel, consistent with the residents’ statements. Amnesty International also observed the impact craters from the air strikes that hit the school compound and observed that there was no evidence that the school had contained any military materiel. There were no weapon remnants and no evidence of secondary explosions. Citing local residents, Masdar Net, an online news outlet, reported on 27 August that Huthi fighters were positioned inside the al-Shaymeh school complex. However, both the guard and the school director told Amnesty International that they never saw any weapons or fighters in the school compound prior to the attacks.|
|08/30/2015||Hajjah||Al Sham Water Bottling Factory, Hajjah||14||11||——||3||11||11||——||——||Human Rights Watch||On August 30 at about 3:50 a.m., an airstrike hit Al-Sham Water Bottling Factory in the outskirts of Abs. The strike destroyed the factory and killed 14 workers, including three boys, who were nearing the end of their night shift, and wounded 11 more. Many of the dead and wounded, as well as the owner of the factory, were from the same family. Khaled Ibrahim Musaed, 34, a journalist who lives about 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) from the factory, said that coalition aircraft carried out more than a dozen strikes on a range of military and government installations that night in other parts of Hajja governorate, and the strike on the factory was the last. Two workers at the plant told Human Rights Watch that this was the only strike in the direct vicinity and that they knew of no military targets close to the area.|
Later on August 30, after the airstrike, Brig. Gen. Ahmed al-Assiri, the military spokesman for the coalition, reportedly told Reuters that the plant had been used by the Houthis to make explosive devices, and was not, in fact, a bottling factory All of the individuals Human Rights Watch interviewed said that plant was being used to bottle water and was not used for any military purposes. A group of international journalists traveled to the site of the blast two days after it was hit and reported that they could not find evidence of any military targets in the area. They said that they carefully examined the site, and took photos and videos of piles of scorched plastic bottles melted together from the heat of the explosion. They could not find any evidence that the factory was being used for military purposes.
|09/04/2015||Sana’a||Haddah, Sana’a||12||3||3||6||——||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||A sixth strike, at about 1:15 a.m. on September 5, hit the four-story apartment building where the al-Badawi family lives. Three civilians were killed: a woman and two children.At the same time as the strikes hit Shagia market, two bombs fell on a lemon grove about 600 meters (656 yards) from the market, and about 50 meters (54 yards) from the entrance to the home of Ahmed Bagesh, the owner of one of the restaurants destroyed in the market attack, killing nine civilians, including two women and four children. Three witnesses said that one of the two bombs did not explode, and that Houthi fighters came soon after the incident and removed the munition.|
|09/18/2015||Sana'a||Mares Street, Sana’a||5||3||1||1||8||8||——||——||Human Rights Watch||On September 18, at about 10:30 p.m., coalition aircraft struck a brick house next to an unused iron lathe workshop. The airstrike damaged the house and destroyed the workshop, an aluminum-sheet roof over a metal frame. Five civilians, including a woman and a child, were killed, and another eight were seriously wounded. Earlier that evening, heavy strikes began on the Interior Ministry compound, a kilometer away. Ibrahim Ateeq al-Jihm and his brother Fayez left their house and, from a street corner in their neighborhood, watched as another strike hit a market, Souq Bathar, at a roundabout about a kilometer away. Three witnesses said that this was the first airstrike in the area. Six days later, on September 24, coalition aircraft began bombing the Military Police headquarters, 350 meters from where the first strike hit. Within four days the coalition had carried out at least two dozen strikes on the headquarters. At 8:30 p.m. the first bomb hit the home of Mane`a al-Haddi, killing his mother, wife, sister and his sister’s two children, ages 6 and 7. The blast wounded him as well. Minutes after the first strike, a bomb hit the home of Sheikh Muhammad al-Haddi, a retired army general, only a few meters from the first strike. His home was a gathering place for many in the village, who used his generator to charge their cellphones and laptops because it was the only house with reliable electricity. There were about 70 people at his house at the time of the strike, charging their devices, watching TV, playing cards, talking, and chewing qat, according to Mane`a al-Haddi, who was there at the time. The attack severely damaged Sheikh al-Haddi’s house and left it uninhabitable. Two men who ran from the house after the initial blast on the home of Mane`a al-Haddi were killed. The blast also destroyed the home of his neighbor, Nagi al-Masan, killing 3-year-old Saeed Waheb Tanbash, who was inside at the time. All of the witnesses interviewed said that there were no Houthi or allied forces in the village or passing through at the time of the strikes.|
|09/18/2015||Sana'a||Old City, Sana’a||13||4||7||2||12||12||——||——||Human Rights Watch||On September 18, at 11:30 p.m., an airstrike hit Sanaa’s Old City and killed 13 civilians, including two women and seven children, and wounded at least 12. It destroyed one home and severely damaged seven others. UNESCO, the UN cultural organization, declared the Old City a World Heritage Site in 1986 because of its 6,000 houses and 100 mosques built before the 11th century. UNESCO added the Old City to its 2015 List of World Heritage in Danger. All the Old City residents Human Rights Watch interviewed said there were no military targets in the Old City. Those interviewed said that residents do not allow heavy weaponry to be brought into the Old City. The cluster of houses is off the road, so there would be no passing military vehicles. However, during the visit, when a plane flew overhead, researchers heard three bursts of fire from anti-aircraft guns close by.|
|09/21/2015||Sana’a||Al Hasaba neighbourhood, Sana’a||20||3||6||11||——||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||On September 21, starting at about 4:30 a.m., four airstrikes hit houses in Sanaa’s al-Hassaba neighborhood, where the Houthis had placed civilians at risk by deploying their forces in a densely populated residential area. The strikes destroyed four homes and damaged at least 11 others. The fourth strike killed 20 civilians. They included 18 members of an extended family, six of them women and 11 of them children. Six residents told Human Rights Watch the first strike hit the home of Sam al-Ahmar, which Houthi fighters had been occupying for a year. Three residents said that the Houthis had evacuated the home the night before the strikes, leaving three guards, one of whom was wounded in the strike. A few minutes after the strike, a fire truck came, put out the fire, and quickly drove away. Human Rights Watch saw the burned remnants of several military vehicles, but a Houthi guard prevented researchers from entering the area or taking more than three photographs.|
|09/23/2015||Sana'a||Al Asahi neighbourhood, Sana’a||19||7||2||10||——||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||Al-Asbahi Neighborhood, Sanaa, 23 September - On September 23, at about 7:30 a.m., two airstrikes hit Sanaa’s al-Asbahi neighborhood. The strikes killed 19 civilians, including two women and 10 children. The strikes destroyed three homes and damaged a four-story apartment building and three other multi-story houses. A local resident, Idris Radman, 27, showed Human Rights Watch the effect of the first strike, which destroyed three single-story houses. In the home of a taxi driver, Ahmed Maghreb, two people were killed. In the home of a police inspector, Ali al-Gharashi, seven were killed. In the third, the home of an oil company worker, Sayid al-Thubai, five were wounded. Local residents said that no other airstrikes had hit the area. The home of Ali al-Thafif, a commander in the former Republican Guard, which has supported the Houthis, is 50 meters from the first strike site and 115 meters from second site. He and his family left their home at the beginning of the war, neighbors said, so it would not be a legitimate military target. An earlier airstrike hit his village home in Bayt al-Thafif, in Hamdan directorate, on June 8.|
|09/23/2015||Sana’a||Ceramics Factory, Matna, Beni Matar, Sana’a||1||1||——||——||——||——||——||——||Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch||HRW and Amnesty International investigated reports; During its on-site investigation Amnesty International did not observe any evidence that would indicate that the factory had been used for a military purpose. The organization observed that the area directly surrounding the factory compound appeared to be residential and that it was next to the 26 September Hospital. The strikes on the factory caused minor damage to the hospital. Amnesty International visited the hospital on 6 November and observed the damage and spoke with staff who had been there during the strike. IHL prohibits deliberate attacks on civilians not taking a direct part in hostilities and on civilian objects, and attacks that do not distinguish between civilians or civilian objects and combatants or military objectives, or that cause disproportionate harm to civilians or civilian objects in relation to the direct military advantage that may be anticipated. Such attacks are serious violations of IHL and if committed with criminal intent can constitute war crimes.|
|10/21/2015||Sana'a||Al Sharafa Village, Hadhran, Beni Hushaysh, Sana;a||1||1||——||——||——||——||——||——||Amnesty International||Approximately 300 students attended the Kheir School in the village of Hazran, which had not yet opened for the academic year when a coalition air strike struck it in late October. Amnesty International spoke with six residents, including one child, in the village, which is comprised of about 200-250 homes. Residents worked primarily in the surrounding agricultural fields (growing grapes and qat) or as government soldiers. They told Amnesty International that the Kheir School was the only school in the village or vicinity. The residents told Amnesty International that coalition forces conducted multiple air strikes in the village on two different days. According to the residents, three strikes on 21 October hit the Hadhran mosque in the village (at around 11:30am), a nearby hill, and then a home. The strike on the mosque killed one man and injured a second, according to the residents and pro-Ansarullah local media reports.17 Residents said the man who was killed was Ali Mohammed al-Garadee, a farmer, 25, and that his cousin Hamed Abd al-Garadee, a farmer, around 18-20 years old, was injured. They said the two men were praying in the mosque at the time of the strike. Residents said that two days later, on 23 October, just before dusk, coalition forces conducted an air strike that struck the Kheir School, which was vacant at the time, causing extensive damage and rendering it unusable; the attack also hit the home of Ali Ali Ahmed Khaled, 100 metres away. According to the residents, this strike killed two of Ali’s children, five year old Morad Ali Ali Khaled, and his six year old sister, Abeer Ali Ali Khaled, and injured their mother.19 A further strike hit a nearby hill. Residents told Amnesty International that there were no weapons present in either the mosque or the school. 20 Amnesty International observed the impact craters from the air strikes that hit the school and observed that there was no evidence that the school had contained any military materiel. There were no weapon remnants and no evidence of secondary explosions. Amnesty International reviewed video footage released by a local media site on 24 October taken after the strikes on the mosque and school. The video does not show the presence of any military personnel or materiel, consistent with the residents’ statements.21 Residents said that the nearest military objective to the village was the Shujah checkpoint, several kilometres away.22|
|10/26/2015||Sa'dah||Haydan, Sa’dah||——||——||——||——||——||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||The airstrikes by a Saudi-led coalition on a hospital in northern Yemen supported by Doctors Without Borders (Medecins Sans Frontiers, MSF) on October 26, 2015, was in apparent violation of the laws of war. The attack with a half-dozen bombs destroyed Haydan Hospital, the only medical facility in the town of Haydan in the northern governorate of Saada, about 30 kilometers from the Saudi border. Two patients were injured during the evacuation of the hospital. Boucenine said that, as is standard practice to avoid becoming a target, MSF had first supplied the health center’s coordinates to the coalition about six months ago and reconfirmed them at least once a month since then. The hospital had the MSF logo and name painted on its roof. Haydan Hospital receives support, including funding to cover staff salaries and medical supplies, from MSF, Boucenine said. It is the only medical facility within an 80-kilometer radius, and usually receives about 150 emergency cases a week. Since May 2015 the facility has treated about 3,400 wounded. The facility is now closed.|
|10/26/2015||Sa'dah||MSF-supported Al Shara Hospital, Razih, Sa’dah||6||6||——||——||——||——||——||——||Amnesty International||According to sources on the ground, at around 11.30 pm on 26 October the Saudi Arabia-led coalition forces allegedly carried out up to six consecutive airstrikes on Haydan Hospital, located in the Haydan Directorate in Sa’da governorate. The hospital had more than 20 people inside at the time, including three patients and various medical and other staff members. Seven staff members were injured, but could not be taken to another hospital 60km away in Sa’da until 7am due to fears of further strikes. MSF staff confirmed the attack, saying they witnessed two consecutive airstrikes before fleeing the hospital compound. Three to four further airstrikes were reported, coming around five minutes apart. According to Hassan Boucenine, MSF head of mission in Yemen, the Saudi Arabia-led coalition has the coordinates of all MSF hospitals in Yemen, including Haydan Hospital.|
|10/27/2015||Sa'dah||Ahma, Sa’dah||——||——||——||——||——||——||——||——||Amnesty International||Saudi Arabia-led coalition forces appear to have used a Brazilian variant of internationally banned cluster munitions on a residential neighbourhood in Ahma in Sa’da, northern Yemen, this week, wounding at least four people and leaving dangerous unexploded submunitions strewn around the surrounding farmland, Amnesty International said today. The cluster munition attack was carried out at around noon on 27 October 2015 in a residential area of Ahma, approximately 10km north-west of al-Talh in Sahar directorate, near Sa’da city. Ahma is approximately 40km south of the border with Saudi Arabia. A local activist who visited the site several hours after the attack found three unexploded submunitions around 20m apart, one in the field of a local farm, another near a greenhouse and the third next to a mosque. The nearest military objective known to Amnesty International is a market in al-Talh, approximately 10km to the south-east, which is known to sell weapons and has been targeted by airstrikes on at least five different occasions since the start of the Saudi Arabia-led bombardment campaign in March. Eyewitnesses described how, despite the complete absence of military aircraft, a series of rockets screamed across the sky and exploded in mid-air, followed by dozens of explosions on the ground. These accounts and the remnants found on the ground are consistent with the use of cluster munitions fired via surface-to-surface rockets, using a multiple launch rocket system (MLRS).|
|10/27/2015||Sana'a||The Science and Faith School, Magreesh, Beni Hushaysh, Sana’a||——||——||——||——||——||——||——||——||Amnesty International||Amnesty International visited and interviewed four residents, including the school director, who told Amnesty International that the school was hit on four separate occasions.11 The director told Amnesty International that 1,200 students were enrolled in the school, the only one in the village. He said that at the time of the attack they were getting ready to start the school year but that classes were not yet in session. Following the attack, he said that students were now unable to continue with their studies. Amnesty International observed the impact sites from the missiles that struck the school building and vicinity and observed that there was no evidence that the school had contained any military materiel. There were no weapon remnants and no evidence of secondary explosions. The school director told Amnesty International that the school was not being used and had never been used for a military purpose and that the closest military objective to the school was a checkpoint several kilometres away in Khish al-Baker, which was not struck. Amnesty International reviewed video footage released by a local media website on 28 October taken after the strikes on the school. The video does not show the presence of any military personnel or materiel, consistent with the school director’s statements.|
|10/27/2015||Hajjah||Al-Huda school, Beni Mushtah, Abs, Hajjah||——||——||——||——||4||——||——||4||Amnesty International||Amnesty International visited the al-Huda school in Beni Mushtah, Abs in Hajjah governorate on 11 November 2015 and spoke with the school director, two students, and a former student of the school. On 27 October a missile struck a field approximately 100 meters from the school in a field. On the same day, a Huthi checkpoint leading into the town of Abs approximately one kilometre away was also hit. The school does not appear to have been mistakenly targeted by an attack on the checkpoint given the distance of the checkpoint from the school and the difference in landscape surrounding the school – a rural village – and the checkpoint – a main thoroughfare. Amnesty International observed the strike site near the school, the school, and the surrounding homes in the rural area and saw, consistent with witness statements, that there were no visible military objectives in the area. Amnesty International observed that the school suffered minor damage in the strike, including broken windows. Residents said that four civilians, all children, were injured in the attack. The director refuted any suggestion that the school was used for any military purpose, insisting, “This place is far away from everything. There are no weapons storage or government buildings. The only government building here is the school...The school here has never been used by any soldiers or for any military purpose. It is just a school. A place for learning.”46|
|10/07/2016||Dhammar||Sanaban village||34||5||13||16||——||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||Families began gathering for the wedding at 9 p.m. that October 7, when the families brought the three brides -- Khetam, Hana, and Jamila -- to the home of al-Sanabani’s relative, Muhammad Saleh Ghouba al-Sanabani. The house sat atop a small hill overlooking the village of Sanaban, about 150 kilometers south of Sanaa. The brides were to be wed that night to three of the elder al-Sanabani’s sons – Moayed, Ayman, and Abd al-Rahman. Throughout the evening they heard jet planes overhead, but they did not believe they were in danger because planes had flown in the area before without conducting any strikes. Al-Sanabani told us he and his wife had just arrived at the house along with four of his brothers. By 9:30 the procession of grooms to their father’s home was nearly finished. His own father was standing at the gate of his house, just 10 meters away when a bomb from a coalition warplane struck the compound next to the ground-floor room of his father’s home where the women and girls had gathered. Gas cylinders, diesel and petrol stored for the wedding exploded, setting fire to the building. Al-Sanabani was thrown to the ground, disoriented by the pressure of the explosion. When he recovered, he headed to the house, afraid for his mother and his daughter, Joud, whom he believed were inside with about 50 other women and girls.|
In addition to the destruction of the Al-Sanabani home, 25 other homes in the village were also damaged in the airstrike. Al-Sanabani and other residents said there were no military targets in the vicinity, no Houthi forces, not even a checkpoint. Altogether the airstrike killed 43 people, including 13 women and 16 children. Dozens were wounded. The victims and their families have received no compensation from any coalition country.
|10/26/2015||Sana'a||Thabwa, Sana’a||——||——||——||——||——||——||——||——||Human Rights Watch||On October 26, at about 11:30 a.m., an airstrike hit Thabwa, a southern suburb of Sanaa, wounding a woman and her 3-year-old son. The strike destroyed two homes. The bomb fell in the general vicinity of several military installations, including al-Thabwa military camp, 1.2 kilometers east, and Raymat Humaid military camp, three kilometers west. The home of the former First Armored Division commander, Gen. Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar, was 250 meters west. According to residents, at least a dozen Houthis had been occupying his home for several months, placing civilians in the area at grave risk of attack. The airstrike did not damage Al-Ahmar’s house. At the site, Human Rights Watch found the manufacturing markings of a guidance fin assembly for the laser-guided Paveway III bomb, which is produced by the US company Raytheon. These are very accurate weapons when properly used. It was not possible to discern whether the bomb was deliberately guided to the impact point or whether a malfunction of the guidance system caused the bomb to strike a point that had not been targeted.|
|04/15/2015||Sa’dah City||Residential home, Sa’dah City||4||——||1||3||3||1||2 children||2||Human Rights Watch||- In the early hours of April 15, an airstrike hit a residential house in northwest Saada City, killing four people, a woman and her three children, and wounding three to five people, including two children. Abd al-Razak Qamis, 34, told Human Rights Watch that he heard many airstrikes during the night of April 14/15. One of the strikes hit the home of his neighbor, Ahsen Mohsen al-Sabra, a shopkeeper, and his family of eight. Human Rights Watch visited the impact site on May 15. The strike appeared to have destroyed a significant part of the al-Sabra house and caused damage to two adjacent houses. Bricks and other debris from the house partially filled a large crater in front of the house, about three meters in diameter. Human Rights Watch was not able to identify any potential military targets in the vicinity and did not see any remnants to help identify the type of weapon used.|
|22/09/2015||Sana’a||Abdullah Al-Wazir School - Bani Hushish District||3||1||2||2||-||1||1||Mwatana||On 22 September, 2015, the Saudi-led Arab coalition forces bombed Abdullah Al-Wazir School in Bani Hushish District with four bombs. This District is located 30 Kilometers north-east of the capital Sana’a. Three of the bombs exploded inside the school and one exploded just outside the school resulting in the death of three civilians, including two children, and wounding a woman and a child. The bombs caused considerable damage to the school.|
|05/09/2015||Sana’a||Al-Khamseen St (Fifty-Street)- Al-Sabean District||7||5||1||1||1||-||-||-||Mwatana||A Saudi-led Arab coalition airstrike that targeted a building in Al-Khamseen street south of the capital Sana’a on 5 September 2015 killed seven civilians, including a woman and a child.|
The building consists of two stories; the first is occupied by aluminum repair workshop and the second story is the house of the building’s owner. The victims killed by the airstrike were workers in the aluminum workshop, and some family members of the owner of the building. Another person was also wounded in the strike…. He commented on the incident saying “we did not expect at all that our workplace will be bombed for several reasons: We are not near any military installation, and the closest one to us is Al-Nahdain mountain, which is located west of the targeted area, and is over one kilometer away. And also none of the important political figures lives next to us to say that it might have been a mistake. There are only a few houses beside us. I did not believe what happened, until I saw the disaster with my own eyes.”
Mohammed links this incident with another bombing incident, the common connection between them is another civilian victim. He says, “Hours before the bombing of our workplace, an area in Haddah was bombed, I called my relative Ali Abbas, who lives in Al-Khamseen St (fifty street) to come to the house of his uncle, which was bombed by the coalition in Hadda to guard the furniture but he refused and said that he would come in the morning. He did not know that he would be a victim of another bomb while he was asleep.”
|05/09/2015||Sana’a||Al-Nahda Neighborhood – Al-Thawra District||9||4||3||2||1||-||-||-||Mwatana||Four bombs launched by Saudi-led Arab coalition fighter jets on 5 September 2015 turned a house in Al-Nahdah neighborhood north of the capital Sana’a into rubble and killed nine civilians, including three women and two children, and wounded another civilian living nearby.|
Al-Nahdah Neighborhood remained vulnerable to heavy bombardment for days according to witnesses before the turn came to Mujahid al-Fadhli’s house, which is about 20-30 meters away from the wall of Al-Eman University where armed Houthis (Ansar Allah) have been stationed inside since they seized it in September 2014.
|13/07/2015||Sana’a||Al Qasimi neighborhood - Old Sana’a District||5||3||1||1||-||-||-||-||Mwatana||A plane belonging to the Saudi-led Arab coalition dropped a bomb on a house in Al Qasimi neighborhood in old Sana’a District in the center of the capital Sana’a on June 13, 2015. Although the bomb did not explode, but its huge weight and the strength and impact of the hit did not give the residents the chance to say that they were fortunate it did not explode, as it caused havoc in four houses, killing five civilians including a women and a child, as well as causing damage to the historic city. “There are no Houthis nor armed men in our neighborhood. And my family doesn’t belong to any political party or any armed movements. Everyone knows that we are peaceful and everyone knows the value of old Sana’a with its ancient history especially Al Qasimi neighborhood, which is the oldest neighborhood in Old Sana’a. This neighborhood in particular was Mecca of tourists before any other area in old Sana’a. Saudi Arabia does not want to leave us any history, or else why would their planes bomb ancient and historical sites such as Old Sana’a, Zabid, Marib, and Cairo Castle in Ta’iz. They shouldn’t think that by destroying these places they will destroy our ancient history.”|
|13/07/2015||Sana’a||Bait Meyad – Al-Sabeen District||10||2||5||3||15||5||4||6||Mwatana||At approximately 12:30 a.m. on 13 June 2015 a fighter warplane belonging to the Saudi- led Arab coalition forces dropped three bombs on two houses in Bait Meyad neighborhood killing 10 civilians, including five women and three children, and wounding 15 civilians, including six children and four women. When Mwatana met Judge Mohammed Ali Al-Amiri, 55 years old, who lost five members of his family: two of his daughters, two of his sons and his nephew, he recounted the incident that night: “We heard the sound of the first bomb falling near us, so we all gathered together in the living room of our house, I, my sons, my daughters and my nephew. We wanted to get out of the house but my wife refused, she was afraid that we might be harmed if we did. Indeed, the second bomb fell, and its sound was stronger than the first, the house shook and the house windows broke and glass shattered. Then the third bomb hit our house and demolished the front façade. The bomb was dropped four meters from our house and it sent flying, fire, metal shrapnel and stones to where my sons and daughters were standing. The rest of us were standing behind them as if they protected us with their bodies from the bomb. Time stopped at that moment. I did not know what to do. I started to scream for help, but no one came until only after 20 minutes. During that period, I kept calling my daughters names, but I did not hear a response. I tried to look for them, but they were motionless.”|
|02/07/2015||Sana’a||Errat Hamdan – Hamdan District||8||-||3||5||2||-||2||-||Mwatana||On 2 June 2015, eight civilians, five children and three women, were killed and two women injured in an airstrike by the Saudi-led Arab coalition on Errat Hamdan in Hamdan District west of the capital Sana’a… According to Al-Qibli, he doesn’t belong to any political party and the closest military site to his house is Al-Dailami air base, which is about 5-6 kilometers away.|
|01/05/2015||Sana’a||Bab Shaa’b Neighborhood - Sawaan area – Shaob District||17||4||8||5||39||16||14||9||Mwatana||17 civilians, including eight women and five children, were killed and 39 others were wounded, including 14 women and nine children, in an airstrike on Abdullah Al-Kibsi house by Saudi-led Arab coalition planes at 1:30 am in Bab Shaa’b neighborhood in Sawaan in one of the areas in Shaob district east of the capital Sana’a on 1 May 2015.|
|26/03/2015||Sana’a||Bani Hewat - Airport Road - Bani Al-Harith District||21||4||3||14||8||1||-||7||Mwatana||Bani Hewat area in Bani Al-Harith District which is administratively part of the capital Sana’a is the first area to witness the killing of civilians by the airstrikes of Saudi-led Arab coalition airstrikes.|
From among the first air strikes by the coalition fighter jets in the early dawn of 26 March 2015, a residential neighborhood in Bani Hewat was hit by one of these strikes which killed 21 civilians, including 14 children and three women and wounded eight civilians, including seven children.
Hashim Al-Jermoze, a relative to 6 civilians who were killed in the attack, said that the air strike took place between 2:00 a.m. – 3:00 a.m. and as a result of the attack he lost his brother and his wife, and his sister-in-law’s mother and sister and two of his nephews and another three of his nephews were also injured.
Al-Jermoze told Mwatana that members of his brother’s family remained under the rubble for two hours. He added: “The dead and injured were rushed to Al-Thawra, Kuwait, and Saudi-German hospitals in the city. Six people from my family died and 3 of my nephews were wounded and now they are living with me.”(23)
|03/07/2015||Sana’a||Al Jeraf District||4||-||1||3||8||3||2||3||Mwatana||Bani Hewat area in Bani Al-Harith District which is administratively part of the capital Sana’a is the first area to witness the killing of civilians by the airstrikes of Saudi-led Arab coalition airstrikes.|
From among the first air strikes by the coalition fighter jets in the early dawn of 26 March 2015, a residential neighborhood in Bani Hewat was hit by one of these strikes which killed 21 civilians, including 14 children and three women and wounded eight civilians, including seven children.
|20/04/2015||Sana’a||Jebel Attan, Al Sabbaten District||25||20||1||4||198||158||19||21||Mwatana||On 20 April 20 2015, the coalition warplanes targeted a weapons depot in Attan Mount located in Al-Sabeen District in the capital Sana’a. Also on 11 May 2015 at 5:30 p.m., the coalition forces bombed a weapons depot in Noqom Mount located in Azal District.|
Both air strikes killed at least 25 civilians including four children and a woman and wounded at least 198 civilians, including 21 children and 19 women.
|06/04/2015||Sana’a||Bair Rejjal village, Bani Mattar District||5||-||2||3||6||2||3||1||Mwatana||In another attack, on 6 April 2015, on Bair Rejjal village in Bani Mattar District, five civilians were killed, three children and two women, and six others were wounded, including three women and a child, when the Saudi-led Arab coalition forces bombed the house of a villager around 2:30p.m.|
|03/04/2015||Sana’a||Hajjar Ekaish village, Bani Matar District||11||2||2||7||7||2||2||3||Mwatana||The Saudi-led Arab coalition warplanes had bombed on 3 April 2015 Hajjar Ekaish village in Bani Matar District in Sana’a, at 7:00 p.m. killing 11 civilians, including seven children and two women, and wounding seven civilians, including three children and two women. Ahmed Al-Okeshi, an eyewitness and relative of the victims, said that his brother, sister-in-law, three of his nephews, and five of his brother grandchildren and the wife of his nephew were all killed in the attack, said that the coalition bombed three houses owned by his brother at a time when the three families were inside the houses. The victims were rushed to 26 September Hospital in Mattna (southern west of Sana’a) and Al- Thawra hospital in Sana’a. (29)|
Al-Okeshi denied the existence of military camps or groups of militants in the area, pointing out that the nearest military post is located in Prophet Shuaib Mountain, which is about five kilometers away from the village.
|02/07/2015||Sa'dah||Al Al-Zaraa neighborhood – Al-Talh area, Sahaar District||5||1||1||3||7||4||3||-||Mwatana||On 2 July 2015 at one in the afternoon, Saudi-led Arab coalition forces bombed two houses in a residential neighborhood and they are Ibn Zahir house and Al-Zaraa house in Al Al-Zaraa neighborhood in Sahaar District. The targeted area is located to the north of Al-Talh market which specializes in arms trade and its about 12 kilometers north-west of the city of Sada’a. The air strike killed five civilians, including three children and a woman, and wounded seven others, including three women. He explained that the closest site that the Houthis occupied was a police station outside the village, about two kilometers away, adding that the coalition forces had bombed that station before the bombing of the village.|
|11/07/2015||Sa'dah||Shatt Nofaan, Jumaa bin Fadel area - Haydan District||3||3||-||-||-||-||-||-||Mwatana||Casualties are not members of|
An air strike by the Saudi-led Arab coalition planes on 11 June 2015 killed three civilians as they were preparing to irrigate their fields in Shatt al Nofaan area, in Haydan district 80 kilometers west of Sada’a city and It’s a rugged mountainous area which is about 10 kilometers away from Maran Mountain. “The plane came to bomb poor Khaled. He didn’t belong to Al-Houthi group, he didn’t even like mixing with them. The coalition orphaned his children, and widowed his wife and humiliated their lives. He didn’t do anything except plant garlic, horseradish, and Ramadan vegetables in his farm, as anyone in this region does. That’s when the plane bombed them and tore them apart. What did they do to be bombed? They killed them in vein while they were on their way, not harming anyone. They are belonging to the Houthis, or to Saudi Arabia. Khaled’s wife is sick, keeping to herself the pain of her oppression and anguish.”
|08/05/2015||Sa'dah||Al Jabrah house – Al Rabea village - Sahaar District||1||-||1||-||1||-||-||1||Mwatana||On 8 May 2015, the Saudi-led Arab coalition forces bombed Al-Jabrah house in Al- Rabea village, located to the east of Al-Talh weapons market. The village is 12 kilometers away north-west of the city of Sada’a. Mohamed Jabrah, 40 years old, a Qat seller and the brother of the victim who was killed in the incident, said that he was outside his house when the coalition forces hit a nearby village, and when he returned to his home, a plane bombed it. He Said “When I got home, I made several phone calls to inquire about the places that were bombed, and they told me that the strike was in the house of Al Jabrah. I am their friend and we know each other very well. I knew that they are in Al-Salam hospital so I went to them and found that their sister had died and that one of their young children was injured. After we buried their sister, I went to their house to see what happened there, and found the house completely destroyed. The only thing that remained from the house was a pile of bricks.”|
|18/04/2015||Sa'dah||Al- Khafji Qat market – Bani Moath Area - Sahar District||3||1||-||2||7||5||-||2||Mwatana||The Saudi-led Arab coalition fighter jets bombed a Qat market called Al-Khafji market at 8:00 a.m. on 18 April 2015. This market is one of the big Qat markets in Sada’a and is located on the main road between the city of Sada’a and Al-Talh market and is seven kilometers north of the governorate capital. This strike killed three civilians, including two children, and wounded at least seven, including two children. All the victims were either guards or Qat sellers and most of them belong to Al Ajlan who collect the Qat tax in the market.|
|05/05/2015||Sa'dah||Al Thabyan village – Al-Thamyd area - Sahar District||8||-||1||7||-||-||-||-||Mwatana||An airstrike, on 5 May 2015 on Al Al-Thabyan village which is located about 20 kilometers to the north-west of Sada’a city, killed eight civilians from the same family, seven children and a woman, when a Saudi-led Arab coalition forces plane bombed a house in this agricultural village around 2:00 a.m. in the morning. The nearest facility to Al-Habbi house is about 50 meters away and it’s a complex containing agricultural equipment owned by Moaith Abo Meskah and it was bombed more than once after the Houthis seized it. Hassan Yahya, a 26 years old farmer and Al-Habbi neighbor, said to Mwatana “I was in my farm when the plane hit the home of Mohammed Al-Habbi. The entire place shook and I lost my ability to hear for a short time. I went immediately to his house to rescue his family and I found him crying out loud. No one from his family was spared except him as he was outside the house when the strike hit.”|
|15/04/2015||Sa'dah||Al Hamdan Petroleum Station – Al Mazroua area - Sahar District||2||2||-||-||6||6||-||-||Mwatana||On 15 April 2015, the Saudi-led Arab coalition forces killed at least two civilians and wounded at least six others, most of them farmers, when they fired a bomb at seven in the morning at Al Hamdan Petroleum Station in Al Mazroua area, 16 kilometers northeast of the capital of Sada’a on the only asphalt road linking Sada’a city and Alb land port. The air strike destroyed Al-Hamdan station and the adjacent shops and cars parked nearby. The air strikes have targeted most of the petrol stations around Sada’a city over three consecutive days. Some stations that are no longer used were the only ones spared.|
|28/09/2015||Taiz||A Wedding camp – Waheja village - Thobab District||26||1||12||13||-||-||-||-||Mwatana||In a matter of seconds, a wedding party turned into a funeral in a remote village in Thobab district, about 123 kilometers north-west of Ta’iz governorate capital. 26 civilians were killed, including 13 children and 12 women, when the Saudi-led Arab coalition fighter jets bombed a wedding camp in the village of Waheja on 28 September 2015 with two bombs. “About 10:00 a.m., I heard the bomb in the village. When I came out of my house, I saw that it was near the men’s tent. Dust filled the air then. I was calling on the women inside the women’s tent to get out quickly as the tent was full of them. I tried with some men to dismantle the women’s tent so the planes would see what’s inside and do not bomb it as they did with the men’s tent. We opened the tent canvas from the western side. After nearly seven minutes, the plane hit the women’s tent from the eastern side. Pressure from the explosion threw one of the men who were dismantling the tent to a far-off distance. The rest of us fled in fear of another air strike. We stayed away for half an hour and then we went back to see what happened. We could not identify those who were there. All what we found were pieces and parts like legs and arms. We did not know who most of these body parts belong to. We found remains as far as 100 meters away or more. We are still finding remains of the bodies until now.” Attrosh mentioned that the planes continued flying over the village sky until nightfall, causing more horror to the residents of the village.|
|20/08/2015||Taiz||Salah neighborhood – Salah District||50||15||12||23||31||14||8||9||Mwatana||For a fighter warplane to drop a bomb on a densely populated neighborhood inside the city of Ta’iz, which is already crowded, only means exposing a large number of the residents to death. And that’s what really happened in Salah district (east of the city) where one of the bloodiest Saudi-led Arab coalition attacks occurred on 20 August 2015. Abdo Mohammed Al-Raimi (39 years old) did not expect that the plane flying over the area would attack with a bomb. But seconds later, he will see “Resurrection”(46) and finds himself injured.|
“The first strike was next to my house. It was as if it’s the day of Resurrection. I was screaming but to no avail. No one heard me. I tried to get out of the house, and I saw that everywhere around me was full of dirt. I heard the voice of my sister’s husband, shouting and calling on people to help him search for his family. His house along with the house just below it destroyed. I tried to get two of my children out of the house and I was able to get them out to the street. When I went back to the house, the area was hit again and the pressure threw me a great distance away from the house. I was very afraid for my wife and the rest of my children, but - thank God - I was able to reach home and got my wife and my four children out to the street. They were all injured.”
|09/08/2015||Taiz||Auto Spare Parts Center – Al-Rahidah area - Dumnat Khadder District||1||-||-||1||3||2||-||1||Mwatana||On 9 August 2015 between 3:30 p.m. – 4:00 p.m., a fighter jet belonging to the Saudi-led Arab coalition forces dropped a bomb at a center for the sale of auto parts at the entrance of Al-Qobaitah in Al-Rahidah area. It’s an area that is located within Dumnat Khadder District 40 kilometers south of the city of Ta’iz. The bombed caused the deaths of a child and wounded three civilians, including a child.|
|05/08/2015||Taiz||Al-Qimmah Hall – Haoth Al-Ashraf – Cairo District||6||2||1||3||-||-||-||-||Mwatana||Six civilians including three children and a woman were killed and seven civilians including a woman were wounded, in an airstrike by the Saudi-led Arab coalition on the 5th of August 2015 that targeted a residential house in the vicinity of Al-Qimmah hall in Haoth Al-Ashraf area, which is located within Cairo District (east of the city of Ta’iz), where heavy fighting between Houthi fighters and popular resistance militants took place. A witness whose uncle was killed in the strike recounted part of a terrifying experience he went through:|
“I was sitting next to the house with members of the Popular Resistance - though I am not one of them - and about three in the morning, when I entered my house, I heard the sound of a plane hovering over the area. I had started falling asleep when the plane hit just above our house. The situation was very terrifying and I could not grasp what happen then. I ran out of the house hysterically through one of the destroyed walls. I could not believe that I am alive. I saw the house after I got out and it was totally destroyed. We started rescuing the victims, and when we heard the sound of the plane again, we fled fearing that the area would be bombed again. After that we spent 3 hours looking under the rubble for the bodies. We dug out six bodies. What is the crime of these innocent lives? We were asleep and safe in our homes until the coalition forces came to bomb us without first verifying the target.”(51)
Another eyewitness said that the coalition forces bombed the house next to his home at three in the morning when he was about to go to sleep, but he fled from his house fearing that it would collapse on him after the house stones were blown to the inside and were flying due to the intensity of the explosion.
He said: “I saw my house and the neighbor’s houses and they were destroyed, either totally or partially. People were crying out loudly which demonstrates the extreme horror they felt because of the bombing. We hurried to rescue the wounded and dig out the bodies. We were able to dig out six bodies from under the rubble of the house that was bombed. This Area is under the control of the popular resistance fighters. There are no Houthis here. The bombing was on civilians.”(52)
|01/07/2015||Taiz||Al-Najdain village - Al-Hawban area - Cairo District||4||1||1||2||-||-||-||-||Mwatana||On the 1st of July 2015, four civilians from the same family, including a woman and two children were killed when a Saudi-led Arab coalition plane bombed the house of Fahmi Al-Najdain at one in the afternoon, in Al-Najdain village, located in Al-Hawban area (east of Ta’iz city).|
Abd al-Wehab, al-rahedeh in Dmneh Khadir district
|18||12||-||6||16||7||3||6||Mwatana||I didn’t believe what I was seeing in front of me. The strike was not expected. It’s like it is a nightmare. This is what I can describe it, but what I feel even a mountain will not be able to endure it. My little granddaughter was talking to me on the phone before the house was bombed when I called to check on them. The bombing then was in an area close to my house. My granddaughter had told me to come to their house because as she described it, it’s safe. Imagine how my feeling would be after I knew that the bomb hit them.”|
Qassim said that the strike, which hit Al-Najdain house, was part of a series of air strikes in Al-Hawban area in Ta’iz that began at 7:00 a.m. and continued until 1:00 p.m.
|11/05/2015||Taiz||Al-Dahi Valley - Al-Muthafar District||13||2||3||8||6||-||3||3||Mwatana||The Saudi-led Arab coalition planes bombed residential houses in Al-Dahi Valley area (west of Ta’iz city) at 6 am in the morning on 11 May 2015, killing 13 civilians, including eight children and three women, and injuring six others, three women and three children.|
The Traffic Police Department building, which is the nearest location where forces of Saleh and Al-Houthi are stationed, is located to the east of the targeted residential area by about 500-700 meters. According to eyewitnesses, there were no militants in the targeted neighborhood either during the bombing or in earlier days. Witnesses said that coalition warplanes bombed several sites where Saleh›s and the Houthi’s forces were stationed that morning before they bombed the house of Abdulqawi Al-Jabri, which killed 10 members of his family along with three people from neighboring houses.
|11/05/2015||Taiz||Al-Sunnah mosque neighborhood - Al- Muthafar District||5||2||2||1||7||4||2||1||Mwatana||On May 11, 2015 at six in the morning an airstrike killed five civilians, including two children and a woman, and wounded seven others including two women and a child when a fighter jet of the Saudi-led Arab Coalition bombed a mosque in Al-Sunnah Mosque Neighborhood west of the city of Ta’iz in an area called Almuroor. The airstrike took place after fighter jets had bombed Al-Dahi Valley Neighborhood, which is about 250 meters away from Al-Sunnah Mosque neighborhood. “Most of the neighborhood folks left the neighborhood, some to the villages, and some went to live at the homes of their relatives. I also left after the bus that is my only source of income was completely destroyed. Fear is what made people leave their homes and livelihoods in order to feel safe again. Our neighborhood is close to Almuroor area and the nearest military site to us is the Criminal Investigation Department which is only five minutes away by foot. Yes, there are Houthis in Technical Institute building, which is not far from our house, but the air strike was in a place where only civilians lived. The mosque was damaged because of strike, and people with no links to armed groups were killed and injured.”|
|22/10/2015||Hodeidah||Kaaban Island - Bayt Al-Faqih District||42||37||-||5||8||8||-||-||Mwatana||On 22 October 2015, at 11:30 a.m., air raids by the Saudi-led Arab coalition forces caused the death of 42 civilians, including five children, and wounded eight civilians, in Kaaban Island (about 190 kilometers north-west of Hodaidah city). The strike targeted a group fishermen sleeping on their boats at Kaaban Island coast.|
According to eyewitnesses interviewed by Mwatana, there are no residents on this island at all. But fishermen stay in it for a period ranging between 1-2 months after which they return to their homes. Witnesses stressed that there are no military camps or gunmen inside the island.
|01/08/2015||Lahj||Al-Hamra village - Tuban District||8||3||3||2||3||2||1||-||Mwatana||On the 1st of August 2015 at 1:00 a.m., a bomb dropped by a fighter jet belonging to the Saudi-led Arab coalition force, exploded in three houses in the middle of a residential neighborhood in Al-Hamra village, Tuban district which caused the death of eight civilians, including three women and two children, and wounding three others, including a woman.|
Three of Ayoub Hanash relatives were killed in the attack, his brother and two of his nephews and another brother was injured.
Ayoub said to Mwatana that eight houses were destroyed almost completely and 23 houses were damaged. While casualties were sustained by the families of Saleh bin Saleh, and Mohammed Ahmed Hanash, and Abdul Fattah Mohammed Ismail. They were the families that were inside their homes during the attack. He explained: “Three members of Mohammed Hanash’s family and four members of Saleh bin Saleh’s family, and a child from Abdel Fattah Ismail family were all killed. Three people were wounded and were unable to get out of the village for medical treatment for two days because of internal fighting in the village between the Houthis and The Resistance. When the fighting stopped in Lahj, they were able to go to Aden for treatment, but unfortunately the hospitals were full and they refused to receive new cases. Currently they are being treated in the homes of their relatives.”
|16/07/2015||Lahj||Khabt Al-Rejaa area - Tor Al-Baha District||11||10||1||-||6||3||2||1||Mwatana||An airstrike by the Saudi-led Arab coalition forces on 16 June 2015 killed 11 civilians, including a woman, and wounded six, including two women and a child, when a fighter jet bombed 2 vehicles (Toyota Hilux and a mini bus) in a road that goes through Khabt Al- Rejaa in Tor Al-Baha district in Lahj.|
Mwatana interviewed nine eyewitness and relatives of the victims in the incident area and over the phone.
According to the testimonies of nine people from the relatives of the victims and witnesses who spoke to Mwatana in the incident area and over the phone, the coalition bombed a Toyota Hilux that had five civilians onboard and killed all of them. Another Toyota car, a Cressida, was damaged. It was traveling on the road with five civilians from one family onboard. One of them, the driver, was killed and three others wounded. The witness gave more details: “exactly at 5:00 p.m., the victims set out driving the car that was loaded with Ramadan’s needs like cream caramel (Pudding), vegetables, honey and dishes. The car is a pickup truck so the trunk is open and visible, and my brothers and cousins were inside and they were on the way back to the house through Khabt Al-Rajaa road. The plane bombed a Steel Factory in that region, my brothers and cousins got scared and so they waved a white flag and started waving their hands to the plane, but the plane bombed them. About half a kilometer away, the plane dropped another bomb on a minibus with a family inside the bus and it killed and wounded many people. Our car was hit despite the fact that our car was licensed and had gone through more than one security check point belonging to the Houthis and the resistance, and no one stopped it and there were no weapons in it.”(80) He added: “our family distanced itself away from the conflicts, we moved to the village and we do not belong to any party in this conflict. Although we are against the policy and actions of one party to the conflict, we chose not to join the other side in the conflict, even though we are soldiers. Some people belonging to the resistance contacted us and told us to come and collect the bodies of the dead. We went there and took the bodies. One of my brothers was a in the military and he was among the soldiers who were terminated in 1994. My cousins and brothers were very young. We buried them all in their hometown. Now their salaries are withheld and it was very little to begin with. We have been afflicted with losing them. They have all died even though they didn’t deserve to die.”
|17/08/2015||Ibb||Main Street – Jeblah District||5||-||3||2||5||4||1||-||Mwatana||On 17 August 2015, an air strike by the Arab coalition forces resulted in the death of at least five civilians, three women and two children, and wounding at least five other civilians, including a woman, in Al-Qarameah neighborhood, in the Main street in Jeblah, located about 6 kilometers to the south of Ibb city.|
al-Dalil bridge in al-Mekhader district
|22||20||-||2||32||27||-||5||Mwatana||Ba’alawy explained to Mwatana that a coalition plane dropped a bomb on his uncle Abdul Karim house, who is an immigrant in Saudi Arabia, at 1:00 a.m., saying that he had come here with his family from Hodaidah to escape the hot weather in the coastal city, while most of those living in the building were Displaced from Ta’iz and Hodaidah.|
Ba’alawy went on: “We heard the sound of a plane that bombed in a place somewhat far away from Jeblah, and after half an hour the plane bombed in Jeblah. I barely emerged from my uncle’s house after the fall of the bomb, and all I saw was a totally destroyed house. The neighborhood residents dug out the children first from under the rubble, then the rest of the victims. We found my sister and her head is divided into two halves. My other sister, a mother of three children, died while breastfeeding her young son, while her son survived and nothing happened to him.” Ba’alawy denied any movement or deployment of militants in the area.
Shawki Al-Wosabi (25 years old), a witness and a neighbor of the victims said that most of the residents fled after the strike for fear of renewed bombardment, pointing out that the majority of the area’s residents are women and children, because the breadwinner of these families are immigrants in other countries.
|24/08/2015||Ibb||Al Mesgah village, Al Saddah district||4||3||1||-||2||1||-||1||Mwatana||In another attack, a plane belonging to the Saudi-led Arab coalition forces bombed on 24 August 2015 the house of one of the residents in Al-Mesgah village which is part of Al-Saddah district in Ibb governorate, killing four civilians, including a woman, and wounding two others including a child.|
|07/10/2015||Dhammar||Sanaban village - Mayfaat Ans District||40||11||14||15||42||15||14||13||Mwatana||It would be difficult for the people of Sanaban village in Dhamar governorate to forget the day of the 7th of October 2015 the day in which they experienced how a joyful event can turn into a great tragedy within a few seconds.|
In this area that is part of Mayfaat Ans district (33 km to the east of Dhamar city), a bomb dropped by a fighter jet belonging to the Saudi-led Arab coalition turned a wedding party to a sad occasion when the bomb killed 40 civilians, including 15 children and 14 women.
|29/08/2015||Hajja||Bani Labinah Village - Abs District||14||13||-||1||2||2||-||-||Mwatana||What used to be a water bottling plant became just rubble and burned-out ground soaked with the blood of many victims in Abs District (90 kilometers north-west of Hajja city). As 14 civilians, including two children died, and two civilians were wounded when the coalition warplanes bombed Al-Sham water bottling factory in Bani Labinah Village in Abs District on 29 August 2015. Eyewitnesses interviewed by Mwatana said that the nearest military site to the water factory is located three kilometers away and next to the camp there are checkpoints manned by militants.|
|21/09/2015||Hajja||Dhahr Abo Tayr Village - Al-Shagadrah District||18||15||-||3||6||5||-||1||Mwatana||Four bombs dropped on the office of the security department in Al-Shagadrah district and on a nearby grocery store, by fighter jets that belong to the Saudi-led Arab coalition forces, killed 18 civilians, including three children, and wounded six others, including a child, on 21 September, 2015. He said: “People were returning from work when they heard the strike, then they gathered next to the security department building to watch the bomb. After that another bomb fell on Abdo Al-Mahdali grocery store, as a result, his brother Essam (25 years old) died along with another worker by the name Mazen Ali (18 years old). There were many people next to the grocery store. The third bomb dropped inside the department building and the fourth bomb fell on top of the department’s gate and the fifth in the asphalt road in front of the building. there were a lot of people preset next to the place where the bombing occurred because it’s a Monday and people were returning from the market so the fragments scattered all over them. As for the plane, its sound was strong hovering in the sky. The wounded were rushed to the hospitals, some of them are still there until today, and some of them died.”(93)|
Witnesses denied the existence of military or armed groups within the Security Department building or near it.
|23/09/2015||Hajja||Bani Aziz village – Aflah Al Yemen District||3||-||-||3||19||-||6||3||Mwatana||An airstrike by the Saudi-led Arab coalition warplanes on 23 September 2015 led to the killing of three children and the injury of 19 civilians, including 13 children and six women, when warplanes bombed a two-story house in Bani Aziz village in Aflah Al- Yemen District located 50 kilometers north of Hajja city.|
Witnesses in the area reported that there are security checkpoints at the entrance of the district’s center and these checkpoints are about five kilometers away from the targeted house, and the nearest military camp site is in Abs District, which is approximately 50 kilometers away.
|27/09/2015||Hajja||Zeila village - Harad District||18||-||4||14||9||4||1||4||Mwatana||Three bombs launched by the Saudi-led Arab coalition fighter jets on Zeila village in Harad District killed 18 civilians, including 14 children and four women, and wounded nine, including four children and a woman on 27 September 2015.|
Harad District is located about 100 kilometers to the northwest of Hajja city and it is a border area with Saudi Arabia, making it the target of intense air strikes during the war.
|42246||Al Beidah||Mashabah village - Mukeiras District||10||1||5||4||3||-||-||3||Mwatana||At 10:00 p.m. of 30 August 2015, a plane belonging to the Saudi-led Arab coalition bombed the house of Mohammed Al-Jaroy, a resident of Mashabah village which is located within Mukeiras District (100 kilometers southeast of Al-Baidha city), killing 10 civilians from one family, including five women and four children, as well as wounding three children.|
Mwatana called Nabil Mohammed Al-Jaroy, 29 years old, whose wife and mother and sister and brother and daughter and two nieces and three sisters-in-law (the wives of his three brothers) were killed in the incident, in addition to the injury of his sister and two of his nephews.
Al-Jaroy said: “The coalition forces bombed our one-story house about 10:00 p.m. I do not know why our house was bombed as the nearest military site where there are Houthis is far from our village about 1-2 km away. This is not the first time the coalition planes bomb near our village, despite the fact that none of the parties in the conflict are present in our village. The Houthis did not even enter our village because none of their opponents are here. The coalition bombed our house without any reason. We have submitted a paper (a complaint) to the fourth military region in Aden to find out what caused them to kill ten souls that have not committed any sin nor have a relationship with any party. The officials said they will communicate with the coalition forces to find out the reason. Until now they have not informed us of anything, even though it has been more than a month now since the incident.”(99)