Rules around the World
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Countryalcoholalcohol position
alcohol permissiveness level
source
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argentina
Always avoid alcoholic beverages.
abstain completely
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http://www.msal.gob.ar/images/stories/bes/graficos/0000000158cnt-g02.control-prenatal.pdf
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australia
not drinking alcohol is the safest option
abstain completely
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https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/publications/attachments/n55h_healthy_eating_during_pregnancy.pdf
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canada
The safest choice is to drink no alcohol at all.
abstain completely
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https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/pregnancy/healthy-eating-pregnancy.htmk
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china
None, and for couples planning to begin a pregnancy, both the man and woman should stop drinking alcohol 3 to 6 months prior
abstain completely
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http://www.iard.org/policy-tables/drinking-guidelines-pregnancy-breastfeeding/
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denmark
clinicial guidelines advise against, but denmark has fourth-highest percentage of pregnant women who consume alcohol, but is not in top 5 for FAS
abstain completely
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https://www.sst.dk/en/health-and-lifestyle/~/media/BCB704A368E3404C8CEEAE057CDEDE26.ashx
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france
Avoid alcohol and food containing alcohol -- though some physicians mean hard alcohol. Also avoid fizzy drinks (alcoholic and non-alchoholic).
abstain completely
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http://www.mangerbouger.fr/Manger-Mieux/Manger-mieux-a-tout-age/Futures-mamans/Pendant-la-grossesse/Les-aliments-a-limiter-ou-eviter
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finland
There is no safe amount of alcohol that
a woman can drink while pregnant.
abstain completely
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https://www.thl.fi/documents/605877/747474/Were_having_a_baby_2012.pdf
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germany
Alcohol consumption should be avoided, since alcohol can harm unborn children.
abstain completely
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https://www.gesund-ins-leben.de/fileadmin/SITE_MASTER/downloads/nwjf_he_schwangerschaft_englisch.pdf
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ireland
If you are pregnant, or planning to become pregnant, you should try to avoid alcohol completely for the first three months of your pregnancy because there may be an increased risk of miscarriage. You should never get drunk or binge drink while you are pregnant as this can harm your unborn baby. Binge drinking is usually classed as six or more standard drinks of alcohol on a single occasion.
abstain for the first three months and do not drink/binge drink thereafter
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https://www.healthpromotion.ie/hp-files/docs/HPM00400.pdf
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israelnone
abstain completely
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https://www.health.gov.il/English/Topics/Pregnancy/during/Pages/proper_nutrition_during_pregnancy.aspx
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italy
goverment says to avoid, but Italy has the highest % of women who drink more than 1-2 units of alcohol/week in Europe (7.8%). Between 50-60% of pregnant italians drink.
abstain completely
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http://www.epicentro.iss.it/alcol/apd2015/pieghevole%20alcol%20e%20gravidanza.pdf
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japanabstain
abstain completely
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http://www.mhlw.go.jp/seisakunitsuite/bunya/kenkou_iryou/kenkou/kenkounippon21/en/kenkounippon21/mokuhyou05.html
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russia
ministry of health ordered that alcohol be labeled as unsuitable for pregnant women, but Russa has fifth-highest percentage of pregnant mothers who consume alcohol (36.5%) - http://thelancet.com/journals/langlo/article/PIIS2214-109X(17)30021-9/fulltext
abstain completely
1
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singapore
avoid excessive alcohol consumption -- If you have one or two drinks of alcohol (one or two units), once or twice a week, it is unlikely to harm your unborn baby. However, the amount of alcohol that is safe in pregnancy is not definitely known.
1-2 drinks a week
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https://www.kkh.com.sg/HealthPedia/Pages/PregnancyDuringDiet.aspx
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spain
Should be avoided. Drinking alcohol during pregnancy increases the risk that the baby will have birth defects.
abstain completely
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http://www.msssi.gob.es/ciudadanos/proteccionSalud/mujeres/docs/alcoholEmbarazo.pdf
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sweden
In light of the research findings available it is difficult to see alternatives other than abstinence from alcohol during pregnancy. This is the surest way to protect the fetus.
abstain completely
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https://www.livsmedelsverket.se/matvanor-halsa--miljo/kostrad-och-matvanor/gravida
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united kingdom
The Chief Medical Officers for the UK recommend that if you're pregnant or planning to become pregnant, the safest approach is not to drink alcohol at all to keep risks to your baby to a minimum. If you choose to drink, to minimize the risk to your baby, don’t drink more than 1-2 units of alcohol – that’s the same as a small glass of wine – once or twice a week. And don’t get drunk.
try to abstain but if not, keep it to 1-2 drinks/week
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https://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/alcohol-medicines-drugs-pregnant.aspx, https://www.rcog.org.uk/globalassets/documents/patients/patient-information-leaflets/pregnancy/pi-alcohol-and-pregnancy.pdf
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us
There is NO amount of alcohol that is known to be safe during pregnancy, and therefore alcohol should be avoided during pregnancy.
abstain completely
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http://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-health/foods-to-avoid-during-pregnancy/
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