US States and voting
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StateState CodeCan Vote in PrisonCan vote on probationCan vote on paroleCan vote post-sentencePermanently cannot voteLegislation reducing voter opportunities: Proposed/ EnactedLegislation reducing voter opportunities: Current/ PreviousLegislation Shortening Voting Periods: Proposed/ Enacted ChangeLegislation Shortening Voting Periods: Current/Previous RolePhoto IDs permittedChange ScoreAfrican American %Hispanic/ Latino %Vote
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AlabamaALNoNoNoNo (certain offences)Yes (certain offences)(Takes effect for 2014
primary if precleared.)
- Valid AL driver’s license or non-driver ID card
- Valid State or U.S.-issued photo ID
- Valid U.S. passport
- Valid AL or U.S.-issued employee photo ID card
- Valid U.S. military photo ID
- Valid AL photo voter ID card
- Valid Student/staff photo ID issued by AL post-secondary school
- Valid Tribal ID card with photo
126.23.9Republican
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AlaskaAKNoNoNoYesNo03.35.5Republican
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ArizonaAZNoNoNoNo (second time felons)No04.129.6Republican
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ArkasasARNoNoNoYesNo015.46.4Republican
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CaliforniaCANoYesNoYesNo06.237.6Democratic
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ColoradoCONoYesNoYesNo0420.7Democratic
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ConnecticutCTNoYesNoYesNo010.113.4Democratic
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DelawareDENoNoNoNo (certain violent offences, 5 years)No021.48.2Democratic
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District of ColumbiaDCNoYesYesYesNo050.79.1Democratic
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FloridaFLNoNoNoYesNo(Enacted) Registrants who move across counties can update registration on Election Day but can only cast a provisional ballot subject to providing identification to the supervisor of election.Ability to update registration to reflect name and in-state address changes in certain cases available on Election Day.(Enacted) Early voting days reduced to 8 days.14-day early voting period21622.5Democratic
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GeorgiaGANoNoNoYesNo(Enacted) Early voting days reduced to 21 days.45-day early voting period.(In effect)
- Georgia driver’s license, even if expired
- ID card issued by GA or federal government
- Free voter ID card issued by GA or county
- U.S. passport
- Valid government-issued employee photo ID card
- Valid U.S. military identification card
- Valid tribal photo ID
230.58.8Republican
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HawaiiHINoYesYesYesNo01.68.9Democratic
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IdahoIDNoNoNoYesNo00.611.2Republican
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IllinoisILNoYesYesYesNo014.515.8Democratic
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IndianaINNoYesYesYesNo(In effect)
ID must:
1) include expiration date (except military IDs) and be valid or expired only after the most recent general election;
2) be issued by IN or the federal government;
3) display voter’s name and photograph.
19.16Democratic
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IowaIANoNoNoYesNo02.95Democratic
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KansasKANoNoNoYesNo(Takes effect 01/01/2012)
Valid if ID contains name and photo and is unexpired (unless the voter is 65 years or older):
- Driver’s license
- State or U.S.-issued ID card
- Concealed handgun license
- U.S. military ID
- U.S. passport
- Government-issued employee badge or ID
- Student ID issued by KS post-secondary institution
- Government-issued public assistance ID card
11.210.5Republican
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KentuckyKYNoNoNoYesNo07.83.1Republican
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LouisianaLANoNoNoYesNo0324.2Republican
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MaineMENoYesYesYesNo(Enacted) Deadline for in-person registration is the 3rd business day before election by close of business.In-person Election Day registration available.(Enacted) Bans absentee voting in the two business days before an electionAbsentee ballots are counted as long as the municipal clerk receives them by 8:00pm on Election Day.21.21.3Democratic
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MarylandMDNoYesNoYesNo(Unfavourable ways and means) Would have repealed all early votingFor the 2012 Presidential Primary and General Elections, early voting begins the second Saturday before a primary or general election through the Thursday before the elections.129.48.2Democratic
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MassachussettsMANoYesYesYesNo06.69.6Democratic
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MichiganMINoYesYesYesNo014.24.4Democratic
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MinnisotaMNNoNoNoYesNo05.24.7Democratic
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MississippiMSNoNoNoNo (21 felonies)No0372.7Republican
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MissouriMONoNoNoYesNo011.63.5Republican
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MontanaMTNoNoNoYesNo(Passed but vetoed) Late registration ends on 5pm on the Friday before election.Late registration available on Election Day if election administrator in county where voter resides receives and verifies registration prior to close of polls on Election Day.10.42.9Republican
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NebraskaNENoNoNoNo (treason, 2 years)No04.59.2Republican
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NevadaNVNoNoNoNo (except first-time nonviolent)No(Pending) Would eliminate early votingEarly voting begins the third Saturday preceding a primary or general election and extends through the Friday before Election Day, Sundays and holidays excepted.18.126.5Democratic
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New HampshireNHNoYesYesYesNo(Failed to pass) Elimination of in-person Election Day
registration.
In-person Election Day registration available.11.12.8Democratic
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New JerseyNJNoNoNoYesNo013.717.7Democratic
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New MexicoNMNoNoNoYesNo(Pending) Would eliminate one week of early voting, beginning the early period on the second Saturday before an election.Early voting begins on the third Saturday before an election and ends the Saturday immediately preceding election day.12.146.3Democratic
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New YorkNYNoYesYesYesNo015.917.6Democratic
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North CarolinaNCNoYesNoYesNo(Pending) Eliminates in-person, same-day registration during the "one-stop” voting period.In-person, same-day registration available during the “one-stop” voting period (i.e., early voting period), which extends from 19 to 3 days before Election Day.(Pending) Would eliminate Sunday voting and one week of early voting, beginning the early period on the second Thursday before an election.Early voting begins the third Thursday before an election and ends the last Saturday before Election Day, including Sunday.221.58.4Democratic
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North DakotaNDNoYesYesNo01.22Republican
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OhioOHNoYesYesYesNo(Enacted) Eliminates the “golden week” by shortening the early voting period such that there is no longer an overlap with the voter registration period.In-person same day registration available duringn first seven days of absentee voting before a general election, which overlaps with the period before the voter registration deadline, the so-called “golden week.”(Enacted) Early voting period reduced to 21 days if voting by mail and 16 days if voting in person; in-person voting on Sundays is also banned.35-day early voting period to vote by mail or in-person, including Sundays212.23.1Democratic
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OklahomaOKNoNoNoYesNo07.48.9Republican
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OregonORNoYesYesYesNo01.811.7Democratic
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PennsylvaniaPANoYesYesYesNo010.85.7Democratic
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Rhode IslandRINoYesYesYesNo(Takes Effect 01/01/2014)
Current document with photo including:
- RI driver’s license
- RI voter ID card
- U.S. passport
- U.S. military photo ID
- Photo ID issued by a U.S. educational institution
- Any RI or U.S-issued photo ID
- Government-issued medical card
15.712.4Democratic
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South CarolinaSCNoNo NoYesNoTakes effect immediately if precleared.
- SC driver’s license
- Any other photo ID issued by the state’s DMV
- U.S. passport
- U.S. military photo ID
- SC voter registration card with photo
127.95.1Republican
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South DakotaSDNoYesYesYesNo01.32.7Republican
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TennesseeTNNoNo NoYesNo(Enacted) Reduced this early voting period by two days, ending the voting period 7 days before Election Day.Early voting period when a presidential primary is held or an election is held at the same time as a presidential preference primary begins 20 and ends 5 days before Election Day.(Takes effect 01/01/2012)
- TN driver’s license
- Valid TN-issued non-driver ID card
- Valid state or U.S.-issued employee photo
- ID card
- Valid U.S. passport
- Valid U.S. military photo ID
- Valid state or U.S-issued photo ID; except student ID card issued by institute of higher learning
216.74.6Republican
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TexasTXNoNo NoYesNoTakes effect immediately if precleared.
Valid if includes photo and, with the exception of certificate of citizenship, is unexpired or expired 60days or less before election:
- A driver’s license, election ID certificate, or personal ID card issued by the Department of Public Safety
- U.S. military ID card
- U.S. citizenship certificate
- U.S. passport
- Concealed handgun license
111.837.6Republican
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UtahUTNoYesYesYesNo01.113Republican
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VermontVTYesYesYesYesNo011.5Democratic
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VirginaVANoNo NoYesNo019.47.9Democratic
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WashingtonWANoNo NoYesNo03.611.2Democratic
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West VirginiaWVNoNoNoYesNo(Enacted) Reduces the early voting period by one week, beginning the early period on the 13th day before Election Day. but allowing Saturday voting for all elections.Early voting period runs from the 20th to the 3rd day before Election Day, including Saturdays for any election held on a Tuesday.13.41.2Republican
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WisconsinWINoNoNoYesNo(Enacted) Deadline for late registration is the Friday before election.Deadline for late registration is the day before the election.Voters are not required to show until the Feb. 2012 spring primary election.
Valid if includes photo and name that conforms to poll list:
- WI driver’s license or ID Card
- WI student ID card, with issue date, signature, and expiration date indicating card expires no less than 2 years after election
- ID card issued by a U.S. uniformed service
- U.S. Passport
- Certificate of U.S. Naturalization issued not earlier than 2 years before Election Day
- Unexpired ID card receipt
• WI Tribal ID card
26.35.9Democratic
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WyomingWYNoNoNoNo (certain offences, 5 years)No00.88.9Republican
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US States and voting
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