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Common nameSpeciesSpring
Early summer
Mid summer
Late Summer
Early autumn
Late autumn
WinterSunMoistureHeightSpacing
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American black elderberrySambucus canadensissun - part sunmed - wet5'-12'5'-12'
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amethyst shooting starDodecatheon amethystinumsun - shade
med wet - med dry
1'6"-1'
4
anise hyssopAgastache foeniculum sun - part sunmed - med dry3'12"-16"
5
aromatic aster
Symphyotrichum oblongifolium
sunmed - dry2'12"-18"
6
bee balmMonarda fistulosasun - part sunmed wet - dry4'2'-3'
7
black cohoshActaea racemosa
part sun - shade
med wet - med 5'2'-3'
8
black-eyed susanRudbeckia hirta sun - part sunmed wet - dry2'10"-12"
9
blanket flowerGaillardia aristata sunmed - dry18"-30"12"-18"
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blue sageSalvia azureasun - part sunmed - dry5'18"-24"
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blue vervainVerbena hastatasun - part sunwet - med 5'18"-24"
12
blue wild indigoBaptisia australissun - part sunmed wet - med4'2'-3'
13
bottlebrush blazing starLiatris mucronata sunmed - dry12" to 30"8"-24"
14
Bradbury's monardaMonarda bradburianasun - part sunmed18"-24"12"-18"
15
brown-eyed susanRudbeckia trilobasunmed2'-3'10"-12"
16
buffalo currantRibes aureumsun - part sunmed3'-7'2'-6'
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Bush's coneflowerEchinacea paradoxa sun - part sunmed - dry3'-5'12"
18
Bush's poppy mallowCallirhoe bushiisun - part sunmed - dry2'1'-2'
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butterflyweedAsclepias tuberosa sun - part sunmed - dry2'1'-3'
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Canada anemoneAnemone canadensissun - part sunmed wet - med 12"6"-12"
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Canadian milk vetchAstragalus canadensissun - part sun
med wet - med dry
3'18"-2'
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cardinal flowerLobelia cardinalissun - part sunwet - med wet4'6"-16"
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celadine poppyStyllophorum dyphyllum
part sun - shade
med wet - med dry
12"10"-12"
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cliff goldenrodSolidago drummondii sun - part sunmed - dry18"-30"18"-24"
25
clove currantRibes odoratumsun - part sunmed3'-7'3'-5'
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columbineAquilegia canadensis sun - shademed - dry2'10"-18"
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common blue violetViola sororia sun - shadewet - dry4"6"
28
common milkweedAsclepias syriacasun - part sunmed wet - dry3'2'-3'
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Culver's rootVeronicastrum virginicum sun - part sunwet - med 3'-6'16"-20"
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cup plantSilphium perfoliatumsun - part sunmed dry - wet7'-10'3'-5'
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dittanyCunila origanoidessun - shade
med wet - med dry
18"12"-18"
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downy woodmintBlephilia ciliatasun - part sunmed - dry1'10"-18"
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Dutchman's breeches Dicentra cucullaria
part sun - shade
med6"-12"6"-12"
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dwarf crested irisIris cristatasun - shade
med wet - med dry
8"6"-8"
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flowering spurgeEuphorbia carollatasun - part sunmed - dry3'12"-18"
36
foxglove beardtonguePenstamon digitalissunmed - dry3'-5'1.5'-2'
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fringed poppy mallowCallirhoe digitatasun - part sunmed - dry3'12"-24"
38
glade coneflowerEchinacea simulata sunmed - dry2'-3'16"-20"
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golden alexandersZizia aureasun - part sunmed - med dry3'10"-12"
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great coneflowerRudbeckia maximasun - part sunmed dry - dry6'3'-4'
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green trillium, wood trilliumTrillium viride
part sun - shade
med1'-1.5'1'-1.5'
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harebellCampanula rotundifoliasun - part sunmed dry - dry1'6"-8"
43
heart leaf golden alexanders
Zizia apterasun - part sunmed - med dry2'10"-12"
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heath asterSymphyotrichum ericoidessun - part sunmed - dry2'1'- 2'
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hoary vervainVerbena strictasun - part sunmed dry - dry2'10"-12"
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Joe Pye weedEupatorium maculatum sun - part sunwet - med wet6'3'-4'
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lance-leaf coreopsisCoreopsis lanceolatasunmed dry - dry2'10"-16"
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lead plantAmorpha canescens sun - part sunmed - dry3'-4'2'-3'
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long-headed coneflowerRatibida columnifera sun - part sunmed - dry3'1'
50
meadow blazingstarLiatris ligulystylissun - part sun
med wet - med dry
5'1'- 2'
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mistflowerEupatorium coelestinumsun - part sun
med wet - med dry
2'1'
52
narrow-leaved coneflowerEchinacea angustifoliasunmed dry - dry2'18"-24"
53
New England aster
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
sun - part sunwet - med dry5'2'-3'
54
New Jersey teaCeanothus americanussun - part sunmed - dry3'18"-3'
55
nodding onionAllium cernuunsun - part sun
med wet - med dry
18"4"-8"
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Ohio spiderwortTradescantia ohioensissun - part sunmed wet - dry3'12"-18"
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old field goldenrodSolidago nemoralis
sun - light shade
med - dry18"-30"16"-24"
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orange coneflowerRudbeckia fulgidasun - part sun
med wet - med dry
3'1'-2'
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Ozark bluestarAmsonia illustrissun - part sunmed3'1'-2'
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pale indian plantainArnoglossum atriplicifoliumsun - part sunmed - med dry7'3'-4'
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pale purple coneflowerEchinacea pallidasun - part sunmed - dry3'10"-18"
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pearly everlastingAnaphalis margaritaceasun - part sunmed dry - dry2'-3'1'-3'
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prairie blazing starLiatris pycnostachyasun - part sunwet - med4'12"-18"
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prairie dockSilphium terebinthinaceum sun - part sun
med wet - med dry
to 9'2'-4'
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prairie milkweedAsclepias sullivanti sunmed wet - med 3'1'-2'
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prairie pussy toesAntennaria neglectasun - part sunmed - dry12"2"-6"
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prairie sageArtemisia ludovicianasun - part sunmed - dry3'18"-36"
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prairie violetViola petidafida sun - part sunmed - dry6"6"-8"
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purple coneflowerEchinacea purpureasun - part sun
med wet - med dry
4'18"-24"
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purple giant hyssopAgastache scrofulariifoliasun - part sun
med wet - med dry
6'18"-24"
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purple headed sneezeweed
Helenium flexuosumsun - part sunwet - med3'1'
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purple poppy mallowCallirhoe involucratasunmed dry - dry6"18"-24"
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purple prairie cloverDalea purpureasun - part sunmed - dry2'18"-2'
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rattlesnake masterEryngium yuccifolium
sun - light shade
med - dry3'-5'1'-2'
75
red-whiskered clammyweed
Polanisia dodecandrasun med dry - dry2'1'
76
rock pinkTalinum calycinum sundry 12"4"-6"
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rose mallowHibiscus lasiocarpussun - part sunwet - med3'2'-3'
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rose milkweedAsclepias incarnata sun - part sunwet - med4'-6'18"-36"
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rose verbenaGlandularia canadensissun - part sunmed - dry10-12"18"-36"
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roundeaf grounselPackera aurea
part sun - shade
med - dry10"-14"12"-18"
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Short's asterSymphyotrichum shortii
part sun - shade
med - med dry3'12"-18"
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showy beardtonguePenstamon cobaeasun - part sunmed dry - dry2'10"-12"
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showy goldenrodSolidago speciosa sun - part sunmed - dry5'2'-3'
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sky blue asterAster oolentangiensissun - part sunmed - dry3'1'- 2'
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slender mountain mintPycnanthemum tenuifolium sun - part sun
med wet - med dry
2'12"-18"
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Solomon's plumeSmilacina racemosasun - shadewet - dry2'18"-24"
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spider milkweedAsclepias viridissun - part sunmed dry - dry1'2'-3'
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star tickseedCoreopsis pubescens
sun - light shade
med3'18"-24"
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starry Solomon's plumeSmilacina stellatasun - shademed wet - dry2'1'-2'
90
stiff goldenrodSolidago rigida sun - part sunmed wet - dry4'1'-2'
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sweet Joe Pye weedEutrochium purpureum
part sun - shade
med wet - dry7'3'-4'
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tall coreopsisCoreopsis tripterissun - part sun
med wet - med dry
7'18"-36"
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Tennesee coneflowerEchinacea tennesseensis sun - part sunmed dry - dry2'12"-18"
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threadleaf shiningstarAmsonia hubrechtiisun - part sunmed - dry2-3'2'-3'
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turtle headChelone glabrasunwet - med wet5'2'-3'
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upland white goldenrodOligonueron albumsunmed dry - dry1'10"-12"
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Virginia bluebellsMertensia viginica
part sun - shade
med wet - med2'1'-2'
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Virginia mountain mintPynanthemum virginianumsun - part sunwet - med dry3'12"-18"
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western sunflowerHelianthus occidentalis sunmed - dry2'-3'1'
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whorled milkweedAsclepias verticillata sun - part sunmed - dry2'1'-2'