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Today in Tech History
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January 119391939 - In a garage in Palo Alto, California, William Hewlett and David Packard founded Hewlett-Packard a little company that made audio oscillators-- and later TouchPads.
http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/abouthp/histnfacts/publications/garage/innovation.pdf
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January 119831983 - A new Internet and Transmission Control Protocol (Yep called IP/TCP by some at the time, weird I know) went into effect on the ARPANet, replacing the Network Control Protocol. The result was a new ARPA Internet combining ARPA hosts of the time.
http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/mbj/smiley/arpanet_protocol_thread.html
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January 119851985 - The Nordic Research Network NORDUnet registered the first domain name NORDU.NET.
http://www.whois.com/whois/nordu.net
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January 219591959 - Luna 1, the first spacecraft to reach the Moon, was launched by the USSR.
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1959-012A
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January 219791979 - Dan Bricklin and Bob Frankston incorporated Software Arts for the purpose of developing VisiCalc, the world’s first spreadsheet program.
http://www.cs.umd.edu/class/spring2002/cmsc434-0101/MUIseum/applications/spreadsheethistory1.html
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January 220042004 - NASA’s Stardust spacecraft successfully flew past Comet Wild 2, collecting samples it brought back to Earth two years later.
http://stardust.jpl.nasa.gov/photo/cometwild2.html
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January 319571957 - Hamilton Electric held a press conference to announce the World’s First Electronic Watch. The Hamilton Electric 500 never needed winding, just batteries.
http://www.thewatchguy.com/pages/HAMILTONELECT.html
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January 319771977 - Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak incorporated Apple Computer Company. Ron Wayne famously backed out, selling his shares for $800. Ouch.
http://investor.apple.com/faq.cfm?FaqSetID=6
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January 319991999 - The US Mars Polar Lander was launched. It would spend most of the year wending its way towards Mars before it lost communication with Earth in December, presumably after crashing.
http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msp98/lander/
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January 320092009 - “Satoshi Nakamoto” created a virtual currency called Bitcoin posting an announcement and 31,000 lines of code on the Internet.
http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2011/10/10/111010fa_fact_davis
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January 416421642 - Sir Isaac Newton was born in Woolsthorpe in England and would go on to describe universal gravitation and the three laws of motion as well as star in Neal Stephenson’s The Baroque Cycle. It was December 25th at the time now as the calendar had not yet been reformed.
http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/ufhatch/pages/01-courses/current-courses/08sr-newton.htm
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January 419581958 - Sputnik I the first manmade object to orbit the earth, fell back into the atmosphere and disintegrated, after 92 days in space.
http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/profile.cfm?Sort=Chron&StartYear=1950&EndYear=1959&MCode=Sputnik
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January 420042004 - One half of NASA’s Mars Rover team, Spirit, landed on Mars to analyze the planet's rocks, looking for evidence of water. Its partner rover Opportunity was 21 days behind. Spirit is no longer active, but Opportunity keeps on chugging along.
http://marsrover.nasa.gov/mission/tl_launch.html
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January 519481948 - Warner Brothers showed the very first color newsreel, featuring the Tournament of Roses Parade and the Rose Bowl football game.
https://books.google.com/books?id=Nyg3NJ4VVuAC&pg=PA114&lpg=PA114&dq=january+5+1948+newsreel+tournament+of+roses&source=bl&ots=1v6x2PwJ4c&sig=Snfz8JP62-w3DyzyoPKaY73cuyo&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjagv3n89vJAhVF62MKHbL8DBQQ6AEIRjAJ#v=onepage&q=january%205%201948%20newsreel%20tournament%20of%20roses&f=false
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January 519721972 - President Richard M. Nixon announced that NASA would develop a space shuttle system, emphasizing its reliability, reusability and low cost.
http://history.nasa.gov/stsnixon.htm
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January 519841984 - Richard Stallman began working on the GNU Operating system, a free UNIX-like OS. GNU/Linux is seen as the most successful outgrowth of that project.
http://stallman.org/
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January 618381838 - Samuel Morse, with his partner, Alfred Vail, gave the first public demonstration of their new electric telegraphic system at the Speedwell Iron Works in Morristown, NJ. They used Morse’s specially designed code to send the message “A patient waiter is no loser.”
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/morse-demonstrates-telegraph
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January 618511851 - Leon Foucault proved the rotation of the Earth experimentally. He wrote in his journal that he made the discovery at 2:00 AM working with his famous pendulum in the cellar of his house.
http://www.davidellyard.com/01-02_08%20Discoveries.pd
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January 620042004 - Apple debuted the iPod Mini, a diminutive 4GB version of the iPod available in five colors at $249.
http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2004/01/06Apple-Introduces-iPod-mini.html
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January 620162016 - Oculus began taking orders for the Oculus Rift VR headset. It cost $599 and came with a remote, Xbox One controller and external sensor on a stand for $599. It was also bundled with the game Lucky’s Tale and access to Eve: Valkyrie.
https://www.oculus.com/en-us/blog/oculus-rift-pre-orders-now-open-first-shipments-march-28/
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January 717141714 - Henry Mill patented a machine for transcribing letters “one after another, as in writing.” Sadly, he died before he perfected the first typewriter.
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/modelb/modelb_history.html
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January 718391839 - Louis Daguerre made the first announcement of his photographic system at the Académie des Sciences in Paris, though details were not presented until August of that year.
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/dagu/hd_dagu.htm
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January 719541954 - In New York at IBM headquarters, IBM and Georgetown University showed off their joint project on machine translation. More than 60 sentences were translated from Russian to English using eight grammar rules.
http://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/701/701_translator.html
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January 720032003 - Apple released the public beta of its new browser, called Safari.
http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2003/01/07Apple-Unveils-Safari.html
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January 720162016 - the 49th Mersenne prime was discovered by Dr. Curtis Cooper at the University of Central Missouri as part of the Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search. It was written as 2^74,207,281-1.
http://www.mersenne.org/primes/?press=M74207281
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January 818891889 - Herman Hollerith received a patent for his electronic tabulating machine. His Tabulating Machine Company would go on to merge with three others and be called International Business Machines, known today as IBM.
patent: http://www.google.com/patents?id=iPNEAAAAEBAJ&printsec=abstract&zoom=4#v=onepage&q&f=false
company: http://www.columbia.edu/cu/computinghistory/hollerith.html
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January 819731973 - Less than a month after the last manned Moon mission, Apollo 17, the USSR launched space mission Luna 21 carrying lunar rover Lunakhod 2.
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/lunarussr.html
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January 819821982 - The United States vs. AT&T settlement was finalized with AT&T agreeing to divest itself of local exchanges in exchange for being allowed to start AT&T Computer Systems. Like Voltron, the behemoth would eventually reassemble.
http://www.justice.gov/atr/public/hearings/single_firm/docs/218697.htm
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January 819861986 - “The Mentor” wrote “The Conscience of a Hacker” writing “This is our world now.” It was published on Phrack and is often referred to as the Hacker Manifesto.
http://phrack.org/issues/7/3.html
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January 919011901 - The first application for a patent for Meccano was submitted. Known at first as "Mechanics Made Easy," this invention of Frank Hornby became a worldwide success and is sold in the US under the name “Erector Set”
http://www.nzmeccano.com/Outfitsmme.php
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January 919921992 - Apple CEO John Sculley coined the term Personal Digital Assistants, or PDAs, and indicated Apple would get into the business of making them later that year.
http://www.thefreelibrary.com/REMARKS+BY+JOHN+SCULLEY,+CHAIRMAN+AND+CEO,+APPLE+COMPUTER+INC.+AT...-a011685610
https://groups.google.com/forum/?fromgroups=#!msg/comp.sys.mac.announce/oqfX2Jp6gWw/UaF11YI9tRkJ
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January 920012001 - Apple introduced iTunes for the Macintosh, featuring CD ripping, digital music organizing, and Internet radio.
http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2001/01/09Apple-Introduces-iTunes-Worlds-Best-and-Easiest-To-Use-Jukebox-Software.html
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January 920072007 - Apple CEO Steve Jobs introduced an iPod, an Internet device and a phone all in one. It was called the iPhone and would go on sale later that summer. It was pretty popular at the time.
http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2007/01/09Apple-Reinvents-the-Phone-with-iPhone.html
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January 1018991899 - A US patent was issued for an "Electric Device," invented by David Misell, which used D size batteries laid end to end in a paper tube with a light bulb and a brass reflector at the end. The batteries only lasted long enough for a “flash” of light, hence the name Flashlight.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Patent_617,592.png
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January 1019461946 - The Signal Corps Engineering Laboratories in New Jersey received the first echoes off the Moon of an experiment to send the first radio transmissions through outer space.
http://www.campevans.org/_CE/html/diamof.html
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January 1019491949 - In response to Columbia’s new 33-RPM long playing record, RCA kicked off a platter war introducing the seven-inch diameter 45 rpm “single” in the US.
http://www.wired.com/2012/01/new-format/
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January 1019621962 - NASA announced plans to build the C-5, a three-stage rocket launch vehicle. It became better known as the Saturn V, which launched every Apollo Moon mission.
http://history.msfc.nasa.gov/saturn_apollo/display.html
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January 1020082008 - Sony BMG became the last major label to agree to sell DRM-free MP3s.
http://web.archive.org/web/20080118185346/http://www.informationweek.com/news/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=205602334&subSection=All+Stories
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January 1119541954 - BBC TV broadcast their first ‘in-vision’ weather forecast. George Cowling of the Meteorological Office presented from the BBC's Lime Grove studios with two hand-drawn weather charts pinned to an easel.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2004/01_january/06/weather_50th.shtml
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January 1120012001 - AOL and Time Warner completed their merger. At the time it was seen as a signal of the victory of the Internet over old media. Time Warner would eventually come out on top and spin AOL back out as separate company.
http://news.cnet.com/2100-1023-250781.html
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January 1120012001 - Dave Winer revealed “Payloads for RSS” which allowed among other things, enclosures. One example was an RSS feed which would deliver a different Grateful Dead song each day. It was the proto-podcast.
http://scripting.com/davenet/2001/01/11/payloadsForRss.html
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January 1120052005 - Apple introduced the first iPod Shuffle, a music player with no screen and flash memory.
http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2005/01/11Apple-Introduces-iPod-shuffle.html
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January 1120132013 - RSS 1.0 and Reddit Developer Aaron Swartz was found dead after committing suicide.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/01/12/aaron-swartz-suicide_n_2462819.html
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January 1219081908 - Lee de Forest, an engineer and scientist, broadcast a phonograph record show from the Eiffel Tower for an audience of less than 50 people. The show was also heard over 500 miles from the tower, becoming the first long-distance radio message transmission.
http://www.ontheshortwaves.com/Wavescan/wavescan121125.html
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January 1219641964 - Jeff Bezos was born in Albuquerque, New Mexico. He would grow up to study computer science at Princeton, and set the standard for online shopping with his company, Amazon.com.
http://www.biography.com/people/jeff-bezos-9542209
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January 1220052005 - Deep Impact launched from Cape Canaveral on a Delta 2 rocket, headed to an impact with comet 9P/Tempel.
http://science.nasa.gov/missions/deep-impact/
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January 1319101910 - The first public radio broadcast took place with a live performance of the opera Cavalleria rusticana sung by Enrico Caruso and others was broadcast from the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City. The transmitter had 500 watts of power.
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/Radio-Activity-The-100th-Anniversary-of-Public-Broadcasting.html
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January 1319281928 - Three television sets were installed by GE in homes in Schenectady, New York, in order to demonstrate the first home television receiver. The picture was 1.5 inches long by 1 inch wide and 24 lines at 16 frames per second.
http://books.google.com/books?id=tyurXyEBPxkC&pg=PA66&dq=January+13+1928+television&hl=en&sa=X&ei=MILuTs_qEemqiALS7YXYBA&ved=0CEoQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=January%2013%201928%20television&f=false
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January 1319761976 - Raymond Kurzweil and the leaders of the National Federation of the Blind announced the Kurzweil Reading Machine, the first text-to-speech machine. Walter Cronkite used it to deliver his signature sign-off, "And that's the way it was, January 13, 1976."
http://www.kurzweiltech.com/raybio.html
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January 1320142014 - Google announced it would acquire smart appliance maker Nest.
http://thenextweb.com/google/2014/01/13/google-acquires-nest-3-2-billion/
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January 1418781878 - Alexander Graham Bell demonstrated the telephone to Queen Victoria at her Osborne House estate on the Isle of Wight. He reached out and touched her, a faux pas which made him the first commoner in years to lay hands on the royal person.
http://books.google.com/books?id=EqgFnAZEPhgC&pg=PA62&lpg=PA62&dq=january+14+1878+Bell+Queen&source=bl&ots=mPKok_L6Wk&sig=SZ49ClI0TVRvZbfRrIvPniwEtZM&hl=en&sa=X&ei=OQxZULiHLOeLiwLA3YGQCA&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=january%2014%201878%20Bell%20Queen&f=false
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January 1419731973 - Elvis Presley's concert, “Aloha from Hawaii” was broadcast live via satellite, and set a record as the most watched broadcast by an individual entertainer in television history.
http://www.elvispresleymusic.com.au/video/aloha_from_hawaii.html
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January 1420052005 - The Huygens space probe landed on Titan, Saturn's largest moon. It was the first landing in the outer solar system, and the furthest from Earth.
http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/area/index.cfm?fareaid=12
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January 1420142014 - US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ruled in favor of Verizon regarding two FCC net neutrality rules that prevented blocking of applications and discriminating against traffic.
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-01-14/verizon-wins-net-neutrality-court-ruling-against-fcc.html
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January 1517591759 - The British Museum, in Bloomsbury, London, the world's oldest public national museum, opened to the public. Entry was free and given to ‘all studious and curious Persons’.
http://www.britishmuseum.org/about_us/the_museums_story/general_history.aspx
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January 1520012001 - Wikipedia, the free Wiki content encyclopedia, went online as a feeder project for Nupedia, an expert-written online encyclopedia.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia
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January 1520052005 - Thanks to a solar flare, ESA's SMART-1 lunar orbiter discovered calcium, aluminium, silicon and iron - in Mare Crisium on the moon.
http://www.esa.int/esaMI/SMART-1/SEM4711DU8E_0.html
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January 1520132013 - Facebook announced its ‘Graph Search’ improvements to internal search and recommendations.
https://newsroom.fb.com/news/2013/01/introducing-graph-search-beta/
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January 1619691969 - The Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 spacecraft successfully docked in orbit. Yevgeny Khrunov moved from Soyuz-5 to Soyuz-4 and Alexei Yeliseyev went from 4 to 5, marking the first time spacefarers went up in one craft and returned to Earth in another.
docked: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/media/129953/Soyuz-4-commander-Vladimir-Shatalov-using-models-to-demonstrate-how
first time: http://www.svengrahn.pp.se/trackind/soyuz45/soyuz45.html
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January 1619861986 - The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) met for the first time in San Diego to supervise the design and deployment of Internet protocol.
http://www.ietf.org/25years
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January 1620072007 - Blizzard released the first expansion to its wildly successful World of Warcraft game. The Burning Crusade raised the level cap and allowed players flying mounts, at least when they were in Outland.
http://eu.blizzard.com/en-gb/company/press/pressreleases.html?id=10006144
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January 1620072007 - Netflix announced it would begin offering a streaming movies service in addition to its DVD rental service. Movies would initially stream to Windows PCs for customers with at least 3 Mbps Internet service and roll out slowly to all subscribers by July.
http://arstechnica.com/uncategorized/2007/01/8627/
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January 1620152015 - The Royal Society announced that the Beagle 2 lander had been found intact on the surface of Mars. The European Space Agency had lost contact with it Dec. 19, 2003 and it had been thought destroyed.
http://uk.reuters.com/article/2015/01/16/space-beagle-idUKKBN0KP15F20150116
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January 1718711871 - Andrew S. Hallidie received a patent for an “endless wire rope way” which he would put into practice as the cable car system in San Francisco, California.
http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/recon/jb_recon_cablecar_1.html
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January 1718821882 - Thomas Edison received a patent for adding a carbon microphone to the telephone. The patent described finely divided conducting material, like carbon, between metal cups mounted on arms that attached to the mouthpiece diaphragm.
http://edison.rutgers.edu/patents/00252442.PDF
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January 1719281928 - Anatol M. Josepho received a the first US patent for a fully automatic photographic film developing machine. The Photomaton better known as a PhotoBooth in the US still survives as an app and in dark corners of subway stations.
http://www.google.com/patents/US1656522?printsec=drawing&dq=1,656,522&ei=OIoUT5K0O-Pz0gH3nYSsAw#v=onepage&q&f=false
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January 1719491949 - The first synchrotron installed at the Radiation Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley, reached its design energy of 300 MeV.
http://ajp.aapt.org/resource/1/ajpias/v18/i3/p125_s1?isAuthorized=no
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January 1819021902 - Nikola Tesla filed a patent application for wireless energy transmission. The patent was granted 12 years later. We’re still waiting for the kinks to get worked out.
http://www.tfcbooks.com/patents/1119732.htm
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January 1819031903 - The first two-way transatlantic communication, and first wireless telegram was sent between North America and Europe. US President Teddy Roosevelt and King Edward VII. They wrote to each other how awesome the wireless telegraph was.
sent: http://www.nps.gov/caco/forteachers/upload/Marconi.pdf
wrote: http://www.stormfax.com/wireless.htm
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January 1820122012 - Many websites, led by Reddit, Wikipedia and others, conducted an Internet "blackout" to protest the US SOPA/PIPA bills.
http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/wikipedia-blackout-websites-wikipedia-reddit-dark-wednesday-protest/story?id=15373251#.UFonko1lRG0
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January 1918831883 -The first electric lighting system using overhead wires went into service in Roselle, New Jersey.
http://www.boroughofroselle.com/History/
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January 1919831983 - Apple released the Lisa, the second commercial computer with a graphical user interface (after the Xerox Star). It only cost $9,995 too!
http://techcrunch.com/2010/01/19/happy-birthday-lisa/
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January 1919861986 - Brain became the first computer virus released into the wild. It was a boot sector virus transmitted by floppy disks. The Farooq Alvi Brothers of Lahore, Pakistan created the virus.
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2006/01/19/pc_virus_at_20/
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January 2019291929 -The movie In Old Arizona was released. It was the first full-length talking motion picture in the US to be filmed outdoors.
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0020018/
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January 2019341934 - Fuji Photo Film Co. Ltd., the photographic and electronics company known today as Fujifilm, was founded in Tokyo, Japan.
http://www.fujifilmholdings.com/en/about/factsheet/index.html
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January 2019811981 - The inauguration of US President Ronald Reagan became the world’s first broadcast to feature live teletext subtitles for the hearing impaired.
http://www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/speeches/1981/12081a.htm
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January 2020172017 - The inauguration of US President Donald Trump became the most widely-streamed news event to that time. According to Akamai. live video streaming of the inauguration peaked at 8.7 Tbps at 12:04 ET during the opening of President Trump’s speech. At its peak, 4.6 million concurrent viewers watched the inauguration.
https://techcrunch.com/2017/01/23/trumps-inauguration-broke-live-video-streaming-records/
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January 2119571957 - NBC taped and broadcast President Dwight D. Eisenhower's second inauguration address, further popularizing the taping of video.
http://www.nyu.edu/tisch/preservation/program/student_work/2003fall/03f_1800_martin_a3.pdf
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January 2119811981 - The first DeLorean DMC-12 sports car rolled off the production line in Dunmurry, Northern Ireland. This one made no use of gigawatts in any way.
http://time.com/4180894/delorean-history/
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January 2120042004 - The Mars Rover Spirit abruptly stopped transmitting. Apparently too many files had been written to the flash memory and it went into fault mode.
http://marsrovers.jpl.nasa.gov/newsroom/pressreleases/20040121a.html
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January 2120152015 - Microsoft announced more details about Windows 10, the Microsoft Surface Hub, an 84-inch 4K whiteboard TV, and Windows Holographic. Using HoloStudio and HoloLens, Windows Holographic promised to bring holograms into everyday use.
http://www.cnet.com/news/the-top-moments-from-microsofts-windows-10-event/#ftag=CAD590a51e
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January 2219391939 - John Dunning’s Cyclotron split the uranium atom for the first time at Columbia University in New York City. And the Manhattan Project was on.
http://www.astro.columbia.edu/~ff/pupin.html
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January 2219681968 - Apollo 5 lifted off carrying the first Lunar module into space.
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1968-007A
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January 2219841984 - Apple aired the famous "1984" commercial for the Apple Macintosh, directed by Ridley Scott.
http://newsdesk.si.edu/snapshot/apple-classic-macintosh-personal-computer
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January 2318961896 - Wilhelm Roentgen spoke to the Würzburg Physical Medical Society where he demonstrated X-rays by photographing the hand of session chair Dr. Albert von Kolliker, a famous anatomist.
http://www.emory.edu/X-RAYS/century_06.htm
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January 2319601960 - With a crew of two, the bathyscaphe Trieste, descended 10,911 meters in the Pacific Ocean into Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench near Guam, the deepest known point in the oceans.
http://geology.com/records/bathyscaphe-trieste.shtml
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January 2320032003 - Earth lost communication with space probe Pioneer 10 which was 12 billion-kilometers from Earth.
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/glenn/about/history/pioneer.html
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January 2419351935 - Krueger’s Cream Ale and Krueger’s Finest Beer went on sale in Richmond, Virginia in cans, developed by the American Can Company. Cans protected beer better than translucent bottles.
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-canned-beer-goes-on-sale
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January 2419501950 - Percy LeBaron Spencer received a patent for a “Method of Treating Foodstuffs” which we would recognize as the microwave oven. Spencer was working on an active radar set and accidentally melted a candy bar in his pocket.
http://www.google.com/patents?id=x_tuAAAAEBAJ&printsec=abstract&zoom=4#v=onepage&q&f=false
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January 2419841984 - The original Macintosh was introduced becoming the first commercially successful personal computer to feature a mouse and a graphical user interface rather than a command line interface.
http://blog.guykawasaki.com/2009/01/twenty-five-yea.html
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January 2518811881 - Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell formed the Oriental Telephone Company in agreement with the Anglo-Indian Telephone Company Ltd. The company was licensed to sell telephones in Greece, Turkey, South Africa, India, Japan, China and several other Asian countries.
http://edison.rutgers.edu/list.htm
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January 2519151915 - AT&T inaugurated transcontinental telephone service with a call made between New York City and San Francisco, CA The line had been completed the previous summer too early for the Panama Pacific Exposition, where it was introduced.
http://www.corp.att.com/attlabs/reputation/timeline/15tel.html
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January 2519211921 - A play called Rossum’s Universal Robots (R.U.R.) by Karel Capek debuted at the National Theater in Prague. It was the first appearance of the word robot. Spoiler alert, the robots end up killing all the humans but one.
http://io9.com/5260195/where-do-robots-come-from
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January 2519791979 - Robert Williams was killed on the job in a Flat Rock, Michigan, casting plant, becoming the first recorded human death by robot.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/blog/2009/jan/25/robot-murder-anniversary
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January 2619261926 - John Logie Baird gave his first public demonstration of a broadcast television picture that delivered a recognizable human face. Previously he could only broadcast silhouettes.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/historyofthebbc/research/general/tvstory2
http://www.bairdtelevision.com/
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January 2619321932 - The US Patent Office received a patent application for the cyclotron by Ernest Orlando Lawrence as a “Method and Apparatus for the Acceleration of Ions.”
http://www.google.com/patents?id=egdOAAAAEBAJ&printsec=abstract&zoom=4#v=onepage&q&f=false
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99
January 2619491949 - The Hale telescope at Palomar Observatory saw first light under the direction of Edwin Hubble, becoming the largest aperture optical telescope. Hubble photographed Hubble's Variable Nebula (NGC 2261).
http://www.astro.caltech.edu/palomar/about/history.html
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100
January 2619831983 - Lotus began selling its spreadsheet application for Microsoft DOS, called 1-2-3. It would quickly become the most popular spreadsheet software but not make the transition to Windows well and fall behind Excel permanently.
http://www.wired.com/2011/01/0126lotus-1-2-3/
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