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Pedestrian Malls, 1959 to 1985
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Contact Dave Amos, daveamos@berkeley.edu with questions or additional information.
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Year builtYear RemovedCity, StateNameMax length (blocks)Existing length (blocks)City population when builtSourceCity pop when removed/current (2010)SourcePopulation changeKoppen climate classificationCollege or university campus within 1 mileReferences
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19842014Albuquerque, NMFourth Street Mall2332,9201980 Census5585582017 ACS225,638BwkNoJudge, 2013; “Updated,” 2014
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19791983Ashtabula, OHN/A423,3541980 Census23,3540DfbNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.
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1976RemainsAspen, COHyman Avenue/Mill Street/Cooper Avenue333,6781980 Census709720173,419DfcNoNiagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; “Pedestrian Mall | AspenModern,” n.d.
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1964RemainsAtchison, KSAtchison Mall3312,5291960 Census10,6792016 ACS-1,850DfaNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978
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19762003Auburn, NYState Street Mall132,5481980 Census28,5742000 Census-3,974DfbNoJudge, 2013; Rubenstein, 1978; Broach, 2005
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1976RemainsBaltimore, MDOld Town Mall33786,7411980 Census6116482017 ACS-175,093CfaNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Rubenstein, 1992
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19742001Baltimore, MDLexington Mall2905,7871970 Census651,1542000 Census-254,633CfaYesJudge, 2013; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Ellison, 2012
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19751992Battle Creek, MIMichigan Mall138,9311970 Census53,5401990 Census14,609DfaNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Rubenstein, 1992
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19742002Bethlehem, PABroad Street172,6861970 Census71,3292000 Census-1,357DfaNoKim, 2000
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N/ARemainsBinghamton, NYWashington Street21DfbNoJoseph, 2015
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1977RemainsBoulder, COPearl Street3.53.576,685107,1252017 ACS30,440DfbYesNiagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.
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19671989Burbank, CAGolden Mall688,8711970 Census93,6431990 Census4,772CsbNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975
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19781990Burlington, IAJefferson Street229,5291980 Census27,2081990 Census-2,321DfaNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Rubenstein, 1978; Smith, 2006
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1981RemainsBurlington, VTChurch Street4437,7121980 Census42,2392017 ACS4,527DfbYesNiagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.
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1972RemainsCape May, NJWashington Street Mall334,3921970 Census35002017 ACS-892CfaNoNiagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Rubenstein, 1978; “Washington Street Mall,” n.d.
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19632000Carnegie, PACarnegie Pedestrian Mall4118871960 Census8,3892000 Census-3,498DfaNoJudge, 2013; Jones, 2015; “Carnegie to start revitalization project,” 1989
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1970N/ACentralia, ILDowntown Mall115,9661970 CensusN/AN/ADfaNoJudge, 2013; Brambilla & Longo, 1977
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19731985Champaign, ILNeil Street256,8371970 Census58,1331980 Census1,296DfaYesJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Howie, 2014
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1976RemainsCharlottesville, VAMain Street Mall8839,9161980 Census48,0192017 ACS8,103CfaYesNiagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Rubenstein, 1978; Rubenstein, 1992
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1969RemainsCoos Bay, ORCity Center Mall4113,4661970 Census16,0702017 ACS2,604CsbNoJudge, 2013; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; “Urban Renewal,” n.d.; Douthit, 2001
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19771993Covington, KYOld Town Plaza149,5851980 Census43,2641990 Census-6,321DfaNoJudge, 2013; Tenkotte, 2015
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1977RemainsCumberland, MDDowntown Cumberland Mall3325,9331980 Census19,7072017 ACS-6,226DfaNoJudge, 2013; Charter Amendment, 1977
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19782017Cuyahoga Falls, OHFront Street3343,70849,2472017 ACS5,539DfbNoWiandt, 2015; Schleis, 2015
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1965RemainsDallas, TXStone Place11679,6841960 Census1,341,0752017 ACS661,391CfaNoBrambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978
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N/ARemainsDallas, TXAkard Street Mall11CfaNoJudge, 2013; Rubenstein, 1978; Larrabee, 1983
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1984RemainsDallas, TXBrowder Street Plaza22904,0781980 Census1,341,0752017 ACS436,997CfaNoBush, 2012
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1967N/ADanville, ILVermillion Park Mall242,5701970 CensusN/AN/ADfaNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Onibokun, 1975
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19701986Decatur, ILLandmark Mall479,2851970 Census83,8851990 Census4,600DfaYesJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Onibokun, 1975; Petty, 2013
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19712002Dubuque, IATown Clock Plaza862,3091970 Census57,6862000 Census-4,623DfaYesJudge, 2013; Rubenstein, 1978; Lyon, 2016
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N/ARemainsDunbar, WV12th Street/Ohio Avenue33CfaNoMetivier, 1983
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19781993East Chicago, ILMain Street239,7861980 Census33,8921990 Census-5,894DfaNoMarkley, 1993
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1976RemainsElgin, ILFountain Square Plaza Mall1163,7981980 Census112,4562017 ACS48,658DfaNoNiagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.
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19712001Eugene, ORCity Center Mall779,0281970 Census137,8931980 Census58,865CsbYesJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975; Rubenstein, 1992
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19712002Evansville, INMain Street Walkway7138,7641970 Census121,5822000 Census-17,182DfaNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975; Coures, 2015
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19841991Fayetteville, NCFranklin Commons (Hay Street)259,5071980 Census112,9481990 Census53,441CfaNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Worthington, 2002
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1985RemainsFort Collins, COOld Town Square1165,0921980 Census165,0802017 ACS99,988BskYesWozniak, 2015
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N/AN/AFort Lauderdale, FLLas Olas BoulevardN/AAfNoJudge, 2013
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19741999Frankfort, KYSt. Clair Mall121,9021970 Census27,7412000 Census5,839CfaYesJudge, 2013; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978
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19681987Freeport, ILDowntown Plaza227,7361970 Census25,8401990 Census-1,896DfaNoJudge, 2013; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975; “Freeport Abandoning Failed Pedestrian Mall,” 1986
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19741986Freeport, NYN/A240,3741970 Census39,8941990 Census-480CfaNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; “Freeport Abandoning Failed Pedestrian Mall,” 1986
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19642016Fresno, CAFulton Mall6133,9291960 Census527,4382017 ACS393,509BskNoNiagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975; Rubenstein, 1992; Zeigler, 2014; Fallows, 2015
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19721987Galveston, TXPost Office Street/Central Plaza261,8091970 Census59,0701990 Census-2,739CfaNoNiagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975
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N/AN/AGlens Falls, NYN/AN/ADfbNoMetivier, 1983
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N/ARemainsGrand Rapids, MILouis Campau Promenade11DfaNo“Campau Promenade Improvements,” n.d.
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19802000Grand Rapids, MIMonroe Mall3181,8431980 Census197,8002000 Census15,957DfaNoJudge, 2013; Ellison, 2012
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1977RemainsGreenville, SCCoffee Street Mall5158,2421980 Census68,2192017 ACS9,977CfaNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978
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1974RemainsHelena, MTLast Chance Gulch3322,7301970 Census31,4292017 ACS8,699DfbYesJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977
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1969RemainsHonolulu, HIFort Street Mall66324,8711970 Census3503882017 ACS25,517AwNo8, Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975; Rubenstein, 1992
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N/AN/AHuntington, WVNinth Street PlazaN/ACfaYesJudge, 2013; Hechesky, 2005
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1977RemainsIowa City, IAPedestrian Mall4450,5081980 Census75,7982017 ACS25,290DfaYesLumbreras, 2011
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1975RemainsIthaca, NYIthaca Commons3326,2261970 Census30,7202017 ACS4,494DfbYesJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Rubenstein, 1992
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19641983Jackson, MIProgress Place250,7201960 Census39,7391980 Census-10,981DfaNoJudge, 2013; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975; Smith, 2014
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1978RemainsJamaica Queens, NY165th Street111,891,3251980 Census2,358,5822017 ACS467,257DfaYesHaikalis, 1996; “165th Street Mall,” n.d.
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1959RemainsKalamazoo, MIBurdick Street4282,189
1960 Census
75,8072017 ACS-6,382DfaNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975; Monacelli, 2012
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1961RemainsKnoxville, TNMarket Square Mall111118271960 Census1873472017 ACS75,520CfaYesBrambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975
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19761992La Grange, ILCalendar Court Mall115,6931980 Census15,3621990 Census-331DfaNoAnderson, 1998
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19701995Laconia, NHLaconia Mall314,8881970 Census15,7431990 Census855DfbNo“Then... And Now,” 2014
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19721980Lake Charles, LADowntown Mall (Ryan Street)477,9981970 Census75,2261990 Census-2,772CfaNoJudge, 2013; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975; L. Marinovich, personal communication, July 25, 2016
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19732001Lansing, MIWashington Square3131,4031970 Census119,1282000 Census-12,275DfbNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975; Rubenstein, 1992; Dozier, 2015
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19722013Las Cruces, NMDowntown Mall737,8571970 Census1017062017 ACS63,849BskNoJudge, 2013; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; “Downtown Las Cruces NM History,” n.d.
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1976N/ALaurel, MSCentral Avenue421,8971980 CensusN/AN/ACfaNoThreadgill, 2018; Knack, 1982
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1970RemainsLebanon, NHDowntown Mall119,7251970 Census13,5222017 ACS3,797DfbNoBrambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975
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1970RemainsLincoln, NECentennial Mall72149,5181970 Census284,7362017 ACS135,218DfaYesRubenstein, 1978; “Nebraska’s Centennial Mall: Our Front Door,” n.d.
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19771991Little Rock, ARMain Street6159,1511980 Census175,7951990 Census16,644CfaNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.
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19732004Louisville, KYFourth Street/River City Mall8361,7061970 Census256,2312000 Census-105,475CfaNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978
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19761991Memphis, TNMain Street Mall/Mid-America Mall12646,1741980 Census610,3371990 Census-35,837CfaNoJudge, 2013; Rubenstein, 1978
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1960RemainsMiami Beach, FLLincoln Road88631451960 Census923072017 ACS29,162AmNoNiagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975
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1968N/AMichigan City, INFranklin Square Mall439,3691970 CensusN/AN/ADfaNoJudge, 2013; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975; Haverstick, 2006
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N/AN/AMiddletown, OHMiddletown MallN/ADfaNoJudge, 2013
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19751991Milwaukee, WIMitchell StreetN/A717,0991970 Census628,0881990 Census-89,011DfaNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Mitchell Street Historic District Revised Boundaries, 2012; Corridor Plan for the Historic Mitchell Street Neighborhood Conservation Overlay District, 2012
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1973N/AMonroe, NCCourthouse Plaza311,2821970 CensusN/AN/ACfaNoBrambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975
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19801992Mount Clemens, MIMacomb Place318,9911980 Census18,4051990 Census-586DfaNoJudge, 2013; Macomb Place Mall, 1980
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19751999Muncie, INWalnut Plaza469,0821970 Census67,4302000 Census-1,652DfaNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Gibson, Slabaugh, & Walker, 2016
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1974RemainsNapa, CAParkway Mall31.536,1031970 Census79,7742017 ACS43,671CsbNoRubenstein, 1978; Rubenstein, 1992
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1974N/ANew Bedford, MAFront Street/Downtown Mall33101,7771970 Census95,120N/A-6,657DfaNoJudge, 2013; Brambilla & Longo, 1977
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19731990New London, CTCaptain’s Walk631,6301970 Census28,5401990 Census-3,090DfbNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Rubenstein, 1992; “Captains Walk,” 2009
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1975RemainsNewburyport, MAInn Street Mall1115,8071970 Census17,8902017 ACS2,083DfbNoRubenstein, 1978
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N/ARemainsNewport, RILong Wharf Mall11DfaNoJudge, 2013
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19761988Norfolk, VAGranby Street Mall6266,9791980 Census261,2291990 Census-5,750CfaNoNiagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.
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19721988Oak Park, ILLake Street/Oak Park Village Mall462,5111970 Census53,6481990 Census-8,863DfaNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Fegelman, 1988
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19761985Ottumwa, IAPedestrian Mall427,3811980 Census27,3811980 Census0DfaNoJudge, 2013; F. Zesiger, personal communication, July 25, 2016
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19691987Oxnard, CAPlaza Park Mall371,2251970 Census142,2161990 Census70,991CsbNoJudge, 2013; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975
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1973N/APainesville, OHMain Street Mall116,5361970 CensusN/AN/ADfbYesRubenstein, 1978
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19712000Parsons, KSParsons Plaza413,0151970 Census11,5142000 Census-1,501CfaNoJudge, 2013; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975; “Parsons, Kansas,” 2006
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1975N/APaterson, NJMain Street Mall1144,8241970 CensusN/AN/ADfaNoBrambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978
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1974N/APhiladelphia, PAMaplewood Mall11,948,6091970 CensusN/AN/ACfaYesJudge, 2013; Rubenstein, 1978; Fiske, 2016
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19691986Pittsburgh, PAEast Liberty Mall14520,1171970 Census369,8791990 Census-150,238DfaNoNiagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; “East Liberty,” 2013
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1963RemainsPomona, CAPomona Mall93671571960 Census1529392017 ACS85,782CsaYesJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978
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1975RemainsPortland, MEMaine Way Mall/Monument Square5265,1161970 Census67,0672017 ACS1,951DfbNoBrambilla & Longo, 1977
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N/ARemainsPortsmouth, NHVaughan Street Mall11DfbNoJudge, 2013
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N/AN/APottsville, PACentre Street MallN/ADfaNoJudge, 2013; Rubenstein, 1978
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19732001Poughkeepsie, NYMain Street Mall332,0291970 Census29,8712000 Census-2,158DfbNoJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978
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1965RemainsProvidence, RIWestminster Mall82207,4981960 Census180,3932017 ACS-27,105DfaYesJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975; Robertson, 1990
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19772006Raleigh, NCFayetteville Street Mall4150,2551980 Census403,8922010 Census253,637CfaYesJudge, 2013; Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority, n.d.; Rubenstein, 1978; Onibokun, 1975; “Learning from Raleigh, NC: Fayetteville Street Renaissance,” 2007
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1975N/AReading, PAPenn Square (Rose Street)287,6431970 CensusN/AN/ADfaNoJudge, 2013; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978; Rubenstein, 1992
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1972RemainsRedding, CARedding Mall3316,6591970 Census91,7942017 ACS75,135CsaNoJudge, 2013; Brambilla & Longo, 1977; Rubenstein, 1978
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