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Kjersti MarieAagaard
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, TXUSA
Associate Professor
Microbiome interactions to preterm birth / The in utero environment and epigenetics in fetal programming and development
AlaaAbouelfetouhAlexandria UniversityAlexandriaEgyptLecturer
Epidemiology, antibiotics, MRSA, biofilmsAcademia
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CAUSAProject Scientist
Significant gaps exist in our understanding of microbial sources and dynamics in buildings, which present a unique ecological setting of importance for human health. As part of the Berkeley Indoor Microbial Ecology Research Consortium, I am part of an interdisciplinary group of biologists, engineers, and chemists aiming to understand the sources, factors and processes involved with assembly of microbial communities in the indoor environment, while developing new methods for dissecting these communities.
TabithaAdelani-AkandeLandmark UniversityOmu-aranNigeriaLecturer II
Environmental microbiologyAcademia
EvelienAdriaenssensQuadram InstituteNorwichUK
Research Leader
The gut microbiota has been established to play a crucial role in health and disease. We are focused on the virus component of the microbiome and how these viruses can interact with bacteria, other microorganisms and the human host system. We aim to elucidate the diversity and role of viruses in gut health and diseases such as Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), and to utilise this knowledge to modulate the microbiome to improve health or reduce burden of gastrointestinal conditions. We are particularly interested in bacteriophages, their genomic and taxonomic diversity, and how they interact with the gut microbiota. We are also interested in studying the drivers of viral community change in gastrointestinal disease. We use a holistic approach of culture-dependent and computational methods to study the viruses in the human gut. Specifically, we are specialised in viromics (viral metagenomics) and genome-resolved investigations of gut viral communities to illuminate the dark matter in the virosphere.
The William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London
Oral Microbiome, Nitrate metabolismAcademia
James Cook University
Associate Professor
I am a research fellow studying coral holobiont response to early thermal stress events, coral host-microbe interactions and coral symbioses in diverse environments. My research aims to investigate the response of marine organims to changes in the marine environemnt and to determine how host-microbe-environment interactions influence physiology, adaptation and acclimation. My Science magazine author profile has links to my recent research in these fields.
DeniseAkobUS Geological SurveyReston, VAUSA
Research Microbiologist
Microbial Ecology, Biogeochemistry, GeomicrobiologyAcademia
Arizona State University
Tempe, AZUSA
Assistant Professor
I study cooperation across many systems in my lab including human sharing and microbial cooperation.Academia@athenaaktipis
AfnanAl-MnaserUniversity of ReadingReadingUKPhD graduate
Chicken gut microbiome / avian E. coliAcademia@q8science
Sonja-VerenaAlbersUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermanyProfessor
The central theme in the Albers lab is the assembly of cell surface appendages in archaea and their role in adhesion and biofilm formation. The model organisms we study are the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius which grows optimally at 76oC and a pH of 2-4 and the extreme halophilic Haloferax volcanii. We are interested in understanding the biogenesis of the archaeal cell envelope including processes like N-glycosylation, the assembly of macromolecular structures like pili and the archaellum, and regulatory processes depending on protein phosphorylation. We use genetic approaches to identify systems in Sulfolobus and Haloferax that are involved in the assembly of cell surface appendages and biochemically characterize the subunits and their interplay in the assembly process.
Donna G.Albertson
New York University School of Dentistry
New York, NYUSAProfessor
Dr. Albertson’s research seeks to discover and validate biomarkers predictive of the clinical behavior of oral cancer and precancer. Her research at NYU OCC is being conducted in close collaboration with Dr. Schmidt. Drs. Albertson and Schmidt share an NIH research grant to develop assays for genomic markers in tumors to predict which oral cancers are likely to metastasize. Dr. Albertson also investigates how changes in the composition of the oral bacterial community relate to oral cancer and precancer; Drs. Albertson and Schmidt are currently collecting samples from patients treated at the NYU OCC.
University of Southern California
Los Angeles, CAUSA
Associate Professor
Our laboratory has a broad-based program to investigate the transmission of HIV from mother to child and the pathogenesis of HIV in children.
University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Honolulu, HIUSA
Assistant Professor
The overarching goal of our research is to understand how bacteria shape the adaptive potential of their ecosystem.
MarisaAlegreUniversity of ChicagoChicago, ILUSAProfessor
human health, clinical, organ transplantationAcademia
University of California San Diego
La Jolla, CAUSA
Assistant Project Scientist
Exploring how microbiome research can be harnessed to support environmental recovery after disturbance, safe and productive food systems, and human health. Keywords: Food safety, water reuse, agricultural microbiomes, bioinformatics for pathogen detection and contextualization.
Heather KAllenIowa State UniversityAmes, IAUSA
Assistant Professor
My research objectives are to define the diversity of antibiotic resistance genes in the swine gut and to discover efficacious alternatives to in-feed antibiotics. To this end, I am interested in the effect of ecosystem disturbances on the swine intestinal microbiome to inform potential non-antibiotic microbiome modulation strategies.
Lee-Ann H.AllenUniversity of IowaIowa City, IAUSAProfessor
Research in my laboratory studies the mechanisms of pathogenesis of two Gram-negative bacteria –Francisella tularensis and Helicobacter pylori.
University of Edinburgh
EdinburghUKResearch Fellow
My research focuses on biological and soft condensed matter physics, using simulations, theory and experiments. In particular, I work on microbe-environment interactions - how single-celled organisms such as bacteria survive and grow incomplex and changing environments. I am especially interested in how bacterial populations are inhibited by, and evolve resistance to, antibiotics, and how nutrient-cycling microbial ecosystems establish themselves and maintain their function.
EmmaAllen-VercoeUniversity of GuelphGuelph, ONCanada
Associate Professor
Research in my laboratory is focused on the study of the normal human gut microbiota, both in disease and in health. The research can be loosely divided into several main areas centered on fundamental questions in the field of microbial ecology of the gut
Institute of Integrative Biology/University of Liverpool
Phages; Bacteriophages; STX Phages; Metagenomics; EnvironmentalAcademia
CNRS, Université de Lyon
Junior Group Leader
plant microbiota, rhizosphere functioning, biocontrol, network analysisAcademia@julianaalma
The Hebrew University
The biochemical and functional analysis of regulatory RNAs including small RNAs and mRNA leaders in E. coli and Salmonella.
Marine Biological Laboratory
Woods Hole, MAUSA
Associate Scientist
Amaral-Zettler’s research investigates the relationships between microbes and the mechanisms that determine their diversity, distribution, survival and impact on local and global processes.
Northwestern University
Evanston, ILUSA
Assistant Professor
Katie Amato is a biological anthropologist studying the gut microbiota in the broad context of host ecology and evolution. She is particularly interested in understanding how changes in the gut microbiota impact human nutrition and health in populations around the world, especially those with limited access to nutritional resources. She also uses non-human primates as models for studying host-gut microbe interactions in selective environments and to determine whether the human gut microbiota has characteristics that are unique among primates. Her current research focuses on microbial contributions to host nutrition during periods of reduced food availability or increased nutritional demands, as well as microbial influences on brain growth. She has worked in the field extensively with black howler monkeys in southeastern Mexico, and is currently establishing projects with both humans and non-human primates in other parts of the world.
Mary CloudAmmons
Montana State University
Bozeman, MTUSA
Assistant Professor
Biofilm - Macrophage Interface / S. aureus Effects on Human Keratinocytes / Metabolic Profiling / Metabolomics and Biofilms / Wound microbiology
The Hebrew University
Associate Professor
Spatio-temporal oreganization of proteins and mRNAs: the bacterial cell as a model system *** A novel sensory system involved in bacterial pathogenesis
Research director
We are Molecular Microbiologists and our primary research interests relate to the evolution of microbial genomes through the acquisition of prophage genes. We are particular interested in dissecting the interconnexions between prophages and bacterial genomes from evolutionary as well as mechanistic point of views. The contribution of prophages to their bacterial hosts encompasses a wide range of traits adaptive to bacterial pathogens, way beyond the well-studied provision of deadly toxins.
University of Salford, UK
Lecturer in Global Ecology and Conservation
plants, animals, disease, endocrinology, genotype, amplicon sequencing, metatranscriptomicsAcademia
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Woods Hole, MAUSA
Associate Scientist
Microbiomes of sensitive marine animals (corals, marine mammals)Academia
APC Microbiome Ireland
Postdoctoral researcher
As a postdoctoral researcher at APC Microbiome Ireland I am currently investigating the link between the oral microbiota and tooth decay. My research focus is on how bacteria establish long-term relationships with each other and with their hosts through the production of antimicrobial peptides. Bacteriocins and probiotics as alternatives to antibiotics and food preservatives. Areas of expertise: microbiology, molecular biology and protein expression platforms.
University of Notre Dame
Notre Dame, INUSA
Associate Professor
Research in the Archie lab focuses on the evolution of social behavior in animals. We’re especially interested in two questions: how do social organization and behavior affect the spread of parasites and microbes within and between social groups? And how do social relationships influence individual health, disease risk, immune function, and survival? To answer these questions, we work with long-term, population-based studies of wild and highly social mammals—especially the wild baboons that live in the Amboseli Ecosystem, Kenya.
E. Virginia (Ginger)
University of Washington
Seattle, WAUSAProfessor
Phytoplankton are the main focus of research in our lab. These organisms are responsible for about 50% of the total amount of photosynthesis that occurs on our planet. They play a critical role in the global carbon cycle and ultimately in global climate. Because much of the organic carbon generated by phytoplankton is used by bacteria and archaea, we also study phytoplankton interactions with other microbes.
BetsyArnoldUniversity of ArizonaTucson, AZUSAProfessor
Our research centers on the ecology, evolution, systematics, and -omics of symbiotic fungi, and on the diversity and roles of their secondary metabolites.
Marie-ClaireArrietaUniversity of CalgaryVancouver, BCCanada
Assistant Professor
Gastroenterology, Microbiology, ImmunologyAcademia@ArrietaLab
Janelle CArthur
University of North Carolina at Chapel HIll
Chapel Hill, NCUSA
Assistant Professor
Our group seeks to understand how inflammation alters the pro-carcinogenic capabilities of the microbiota, with the long-term goal of targeting resident microbes as a preventative and therapeutic strategy to lessen inflammation and reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. Our general approach combines genomics, bioinformatics, immunology, bacterial cultivation techniques and gnotobiotic mouse models to identify inflammatory and pro-carcinogenic bacteria from human patients and uncover mechanisms by which these bacteria promote inflammation and neoplasia. We are currently focusing upon clinical strains of intestinal E. coli isolated directly from human inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients, who are known to experience a high risk of colorectal cancer. We are evaluating the ability of these resident microorganisms to induce inflammation and tumorigenesis in mouse models and defining functional capabilities, microbial genes and pathways that are causally and mechanistically linked to carcinogenesis. Ultimately this research will uncover novel microbial targets will enable us to manipulate the intestinal microbiota as a therapeutic target for human digestive diseases and cancer.
AnnArvinStanford UniversityPalo Alto, CAUSAProfessor
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) causes varicella (chickenpox) and zoster (shingles). Our laboratory investigates the molecular virology of VZV, focusing on the functional roles of particular viral gene products in pathogenesis and virus-cell interactions in differentiated human cells in SCID mouse models of VZV infection in vivo. Aspects of VZV tropism are investigated using SCID mice that have human skin, T cell and dorsal root ganglion xenografts and VZV recombinant viruses that have targeted mutations of viral promoters, open reading frames and non-coding regions. The consequences of targeted mutations in the VZV genome reveal functions that are important for VZV pathogenesis and that counteract intrinsic cellular regulation of VZV replication. These studies provide information relevant for developing new genetically engineered vaccines to reduce the disease burden of VZV infections.
University of Queensland
Brisbane, Queensland
Postdoctoral Fellow
Experience in Microbial genomics and bioinformatics. Major projects on antimicrobial resistance, mobile genetic elements and DNA methylation in E. coli
Bacterial Pathogenesis and Cellular Responses Team, Biosciences and Biotechnology Institute of Grenoble
GrenobleFranceTeam Leader
The main interest of our team is the study of bacterial pathogenesis and our model is a gram-negative bacillus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Current research topics: (1) study of Type III Secretion System (T3SS): assembly, regulation and function; (2) novel virulence strategies of clinical P. aeruginosa strains.
University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Lincoln, NEUSA
Assistant Professor
Host-microbe-diet interactions and impacts on AMR pathogensAcademia@auchtungj
Federal University of Technology
Akure, Ondo State
NigeriaSenior Lecturer
Helen Ayo-Omogie holds a Masters Degree in Food Microbiology from the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria and Ph.D. in Food Science and Engineering from Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria. Her main fields of research are food microbiology/traditional fermentation technology and food processing/preservation. Dr. Helen Ayo-Omogie's research interests focus on nutritional improvement and preservation of food using fermentation technology. I am also interested in probiotic potentials of indigenous fermented foods and beverages.
Salk Institute for Biological Sciences
La Jolla, CAUSA
Assistant Professor
In a new approach to therapeutics, Janelle Ayres studies how the body controls and repairs the collateral damage generated during interactions with bad microbes. She is taking an innovative approach grounded in mathematical and evolutionary predictions that uses the beneficial microbes that inhabit our digestive system for damage-control therapeutics. In pivotal work, Ayres showed that those damage-control mechanisms are just as important as an animal’s immune system in surviving infection. Her revelation of an entirely new set of defense mechanisms will likely lead to novel therapies that bacteria won’t be able to evolve resistance to. And because pathologies that arise during infection are similar to those created by non-infectious diseases, therapies that manipulate damage-control mechanisms could also have broader applications than antibiotics. Ultimately, by leveraging those damage-control mechanisms, Ayres aims to develop treatments for infectious and non-infectious diseases (such as pathologies associated with cancer and aging) without the need for antibiotics.
Childrens Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba
Winnipeg, MBCanada
Assistant Professor
I am particularly interested in the role of prenatal nutrition, breastfeeding and human milk composition in DOHaD. Prenatal nutrition plays a key role in programming fetal growth and immune development, with implications for disease risk throughout the lifespan. Breastfeeding may be protective, but existing epidemiologic evidence is conflicting and the underlying biological mechanisms are poorly understood. My research program aims to clarify the influence of breastfeeding on infant health and development, identify the bioactive components of human milk that underlie these associations, and determine how maternal characteristics including prenatal nutrition influence breastfeeding, milk composition and infant health.
M. AndreaAzcarate-Peril
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, NCUSA
Associate Professor
My program is focused on beneficial modulators of the gut microbiota (probiotics and prebiotics) to prevent and treat gastrointestinal disorders.
SCK-CEN (Belgian Nuclear Research Centre)
gut microbiome, cancer, radiotherapyAcademia
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Richland, WAUSA
Scientist, Team Lead
Dr. Bailey's research addresses the role of soil physical structure on microbially-mediated soil C cycling. This research includes a focus on the role played by water as a solvent and transport agent in soils, and uses a suite of molecular chemical and multi-omic approaches to answer questions about the stability and vulnerability of soil carbon. Her research is conducted both in the field, where landscape processes are observed and soils sampled, as well as in the lab where studies occur in controlled microcosms.
Washington University in St. Louis
St. Louis, MOUSA
Assistant Professor
We study the complicated interplay among three important factors: commensal microbes, the host immune system, and viral and bacterial pathogens
Tracy L.Bale
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PAUSAProfessor
KEY WORDS: prenatal stress, maternal high fat diet, epigenetics, mouse model, neurodevelopmental disorders, depression, stress, sex differences, obesity, CRF, neuroendocrinology *** RESEARCH INTERESTS: Developing mouse models of stress sensitivity using genetic and prenatal manipulations to to understand the mechanism and heritability for increased susceptibility to neurodevelopmental disorders. Determine the molecular mechanisms by which stress factors influence appetite and reward. Examine the effects of maternal stress-sensitivity on fetal development and long-term physiological and behavioral responses. *** RESEARCH TECHNIQUES: Genetic mouse models for behavioral analyses including stress, anxiety, depression, feeding and reward models; gene expression and epigenetic identification by in situ hybridization, real-time PCR, PCR Arrays, ChIP, bisulfite sequencing; biochemistry using Western blot; molecular biology for gene detection; and plasma hormone detection using radioimmune assays. *** RESEARCH SUMMARY: Our research focuses on developing mouse models of stress sensitivity related to neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disease. We utilize genetic and prenatal manipulations to elucidate mechanisms contributing to disease predisposition. We have focused on utilizing approaches that range from fetal antecedents in programming of long-term disease risk to genetic targeting of cell type specific knockout mice. We have focused on developing models of disease including affective disorders and obesity utilizing approaches that range from fetal antecedents, involved in programming of long-term disease risk, to genetic targeting of cell type specific knockouts. We have initiated multiple lines of investigation that will provide insight into the timing and sex specificity of early life events promoting disease susceptibility, the maturation of central pathways during key periods of development, and the epigenetic mechanisms involved in long-term effects following stress exposure.
University of Aberdeen
AberdeenUKResearch Fellow
Cryptococcus neoformans is a fungal pathogen that infects more than 1 million people each year and kills more than 600,00. It is found everywhere in our environment, since it grows in trees and pigeon guano, and most of people have been exposed to it by the time they're 5, simply by breathing. For most of us, infection with C. neoformans is quickly contained by our immune systems. However, in people with impaired immune systems, C. neoformans can spread to the brain and cause severe meningitis. My research investigates how C. neoformans is able to bud and grow in the human body. In addition to the yeast phase cells shown above, C. neoformans also makes an unusually large cell called a titan cell when it enters the lung. Titan cells are too large to be engulfed by macrophages, the primary line of defence against fungal pathogens. They are also resistant to drugs and are capable of budding off yeast cells that can then spread to the rest of the body. These cells are an important virulence factor for C. neoformans and act as a reservoir for infection. My current research investigates the mechanisms that lead to the formation of Titan cells, investigates how these cells behave, and searches for strategies to prevent these cells from replicating.
MutiatBalogunUniversity of Ilorin
Iolrin, Kwara State
NigeriaSenior Lecturer
Food Microbiology/biotechnology. My research focus is on fermented foods, adding more value to such foods for the betterment of the populace. This improvement of fermented foods can be through enriching them with what may be lacking in them so that they will be value added products
EmilyBalskusHarvard UniversityCambridge, MAUSAFull Professor
The overarching goal of research in the Balskus Lab is to transform our understanding of microbes and microbiomes by pioneering approaches that integrate microbiology and chemistry. We explore many exciting questions at the interface of these fields. How can we connect key metabolic activities occurring in these communities to specific microbes, genes, and enzymes? How can we discover the functions encoded by the vast amount of uncharacterized genetic information present in microbiome sequencing data? How can we illuminate the biological consequences of microbial metabolism in complex habitats? How can we selectively perturb individual activities in microbial communities, and could this have therapeutic benefit in the context of the human microbiome? By uncovering the molecular basis for microbial interactions, our work will not only reveal fundamental insights into microbiomes, but also provide innovative solutions to problems facing medicine, agriculture, and the environment.
University of Connecticut
Storrs, CTUSA
Associate Professor
host-microbe symbioses, natural products chemistry, metabolomicsAcademia
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CAUSAProfessor
Jillian Fiona Banfield is a geomicrobiologist and biogeochemist whose work focuses on the fundamental relationship between microorganisms and their chemical environments.
Northern Arizona University
Flagstaff, AZUSA
Assistant Professor
Coccidioidomycosis, fungal pathogens, Coccidioides, fungal ecology, genomicsAcademia@DrValleyFever
HazelBartonUniversity of AkronAkron, OHUSAProfessor
Dr. Barton’s research is geared toward understanding microbial interactions and adaptations to nutrient-limitation, as experienced by ecosystems in deep subsurface cave environments. The other research in the lab aims to understand the ecology and evolution of the fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans, the causative agent of the White-nose Syndrome epidemic in bats. This research is funded by the US Fish and Wildlife Service.
BonnieBasslerPrinceton UniversityPrinceton, NJUSAProfessor
Our lab wants to understand quorum sensing: the process of cell-cell communication in bacteria. Quorum sensing involves the production, release, and subsequent detection of chemical signal molecules called autoinducers. This process enables populations of bacteria to regulate gene expression, and therefore behavior, on a community-wide scale. Quorum sensing is wide-spread in the bacterial world, so understanding this process is fundamental to all of microbiology, including industrial and clinical microbiology, and ultimately to understanding the development of higher organisms Our studies of quorum sensing are providing insight into intra- and inter-species communication, population-level cooperation, and the design principles underlying signal transduction and information processing at the cellular level. These investigations are also leading to synthetic strategies for controlling quorum sensing. Our objectives include development of anti-microbial drugs aimed at bacteria that use quorum sensing to control virulence, and improved industrial production of natural products such as antibiotics. We have pursued our goal of understanding bacterial communication by combining genetics, biochemistry, structural biology, chemistry, microarray studies, bioinformatics, modeling, and engineering approaches.
University of Minnesota
Twin Cities, MNUSA
Assistant Professor
Our lab seeks to define mechanisms by which organisms survive, and even thrive on, toxic metabolites with a current focus on formaldehyde in the beneficial plant bacterium, Methylobacterium extorquens. During methylotrophic growth, organisms can use one-carbon compounds, such as methanol, as a sole source of carbon and energy. The first step in methanol utilization is conversion to free formaldehyde, a potent toxin that can inflict damage on cellular proteins and nucleic acids by adduction and cross-linking. Therefore, M. extorquens must deal with an apparent paradox during growth on methanol: 100% of carbon flows through formaldehyde as an intermediate, but uncontrolled production leads to cellular damage and death. Studying M. extorquens, a genetically tractable methylotroph, has the potential to reveal new metabolic paradigms that span stress response systems and novel mechanisms of cell regulation.
MichelleBeaumontKing’s College LondonLondonUK
Research Associate
My focus for the last few years has been on obesity and metabolic syndrome interactions with the gut microbiome in humans. My work has now moved towards exploring cognitive function and the gut microbiota, using multi-omic approaches.
Pascale B.Beauregard
Université de Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke, QCCanada
Assistant Professor
Biofilm, plant-bacteria interactions, Bacillus subtilis, sporulation, chemotaxis, conjugation, Gram-positive pathogensAcademia
KristenBeckIBM ResesarchSan Jose, CAUSAResearcher
Dr. Beck is in the Industrial and Applied Genomics team in the Accelerated Discovery Lab of IBM Research. Since 2008, she has been performing food-related research including mechanistic studies of omega-3 fatty acids in tumorigenesis as well as composition of primate breast milks. As a Research Staff Member in the Consortium for Sequencing the Food Supply, Dr. Beck develops novel bioinformatics methods to analyze terabytes of raw microbial metatranscriptomic data. Her current research focuses on analyzing next generation sequencing data to gain insights about microbial ecology in food ingredients as well as confidently determine the presence of various hazards such as pathogenic organisms, antimicrobial resistance genes, or food fraud. Prior to joining IBM Research. Dr. Beck developed biochemical and bioinformatics techniques for the study of a multi-species milk proteomics and transcriptomics.
ChristineBeemelmannsHans Knöll InstituteJenaGermanyGroup Head
Isolation and determination of the structure of signal molecules and antimicrobial natural products *** Characterisation of interactions between microbes and eukaryotes *** Total synthesis of natural products and chemical derivatisation *** Secondary metabolites from insect-associated microbes *** Secondary metabolites from marine microbes *** Structural identification of morphogenic signaling molecules *** Natural product synthesis
University of Illinois, Chicago
Chicago, ILUSA
Assistant Professor
Bacterial-fungal interaction in the gutAcademia
University of Rhode Island
Kingston, RIUSA
Assistant Professor
I am interested in how the physiology of host-associated microbiomes (symbionts) affects ecological and ecosystem level processes. Symbiosis, host-associated microbiomes, protists, deep-sea
National Institutes of Health
Bethesda, MDUSA
Professor/Senior Investigator
Our laboratory aims to understand the mechanisms controlling host microbe interactions at barrier sites such as the skin and the gut. These two sites represent the first portal of pathogen exposure and are major anatomical sites for development of inflammatory disorders. The skin and the gut also represent highly specialized environments with distinct structures, cell types, and innate defense mechanisms tailored to support their individual challenges. These include their exposure to factors from the outside environment, to dietary antigens, and to antigens derived from resident commensals. In particular, all barrier surfaces are covered by a diverse and abundant microbiota that play a dominant role in host physiology and immunity. However, this symbiotic relationship also poses a constant threat to the host, and aberrant reactivity against commensals can lead to life-threatening tissue damage. These conflicting pressures present the host system that defends the skin or the gut with unique challenges: tolerating constant exposure to innocuous antigens while simultaneously maintaining the capacity to rapidly respond to encounters with pathogens.
Food biotechnologyAcademia
Wageningen University
Assistant Professor
Ecology, Microbiology, Molecular genetics, Bacteria, Microbial diversity, Microbial ecology, Microorganisms, Gastrointestinal microbiota, Microbial interactions
SigalBen Yehuda
The Hebrew University
Associate Professor
Social activity within bacterial communities *** Intercellular commutation among bacteria via nanotubes *** Cues for bacterial colony formation and aging **** Spread of bacteriophages in multicellular communities
Mia MariaBengtsson
University of Greifswald
Senior scientists, Group leader
aquatic microbiomes, bacterial-algal relationships, biofilms, carbon cyclingAcademia@miamynta
M. SoledadBenitez
The Ohio State University
Columbus, OHUSA
Assistant Professor
Plant microbiome, plant pathology, microbial ecologyAcademia
Liane GBenning
German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ)
My research addresses the quantitative elucidation of biogeochemical reactions at low to hydrothermal temperatures and in both, inorganic and biologic systems. My group focuses on two main aspects: (1) the mechanisms and kinetics of mineral nucleation and growth and the associated speciation, sequestration or release/transport of various elements in Earth surface environments; (2) the preservation and adaptations of microbial life in extreme environments in geothermal and arctic settings.
NaiaraBerazaQuadram InstituteNorwichUK
Research Leader
Research in our group centres on the links between intestinal inflammatory conditions (such as IBD) and chronic liver disease characterised by loss of cell function leading to cirrhosis, and ultimately to cancer. There is increasing evidence of the close association between chronic liver disease and intestinal dysfunction. Our aim is to understand the fundamental mechanisms of communication between the gut and the liver, and use this knowledge to improve health. We are currently focusing on the metabolic regulators of these processes, with a view to being able to propose therapeutic strategies targeting these metabolic pathways as a new way to counter liver disease. This may also lead to new therapeutics for inflammatory conditions of the gut, which are closely associated with liver disease. We are also interested in understanding how these metabolic regulators impact on interactions between the host and the microbiota, and how this affects health. The multidisciplinary research conducted in our group combines the use of basic molecular biology with high throughput analysis techniques such as next generation sequencing, proteomics and metabolomics including HPLC-Mass spectrophotometry and NMR as well as other cutting edge methodologies including bioenergetic metabolism analysis by Seahorse technology. We also perform a wide variety of imaging techniques including histopathological analysis, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence, as well as the characterisation of the different immune cell populations by flow cytometry analysis. Our pre-clinical research uses established in vivo experimental models in combination with in vitro models, mainly using primary cells isolated from transgenic animals. As part of the translational nature of our work, we also perform analysis of human tissue samples.
IlanaBerman-FrankBar-Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael
Associate Professor
Microbial (bacterioplankton and phytoplankton) members of aquatic environments, Trichodesmium blooms, Nitrogen Fixation in the Mediterranean and Red Seas, Programmed cell death, Marine Diazotrophs in face of environmental changes,
Université Paris-Est Créteil
Clinician and scientist
Research focus on skin diseases in humans and animals - One health concept - Interaction between fungi/parasites/bacteria in the skin
Weil Cornell Medicine / New York
New York, NYUSA
Research Director
Executive Direktor MetaSUB, NASA ISS metagenomics, microbiology of the built environmentAcademia
MayaBhatiaUniversity of AlbertaAlbertaCanada
Assistant Professor
Using molecular biogeochemistry to explore the interplay between microbial metabolism, the global carbon cycle, and climate.
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, NCUSA
Assistant Professor
Multidisciplinary scientist with expertise in animal models, host-microbiome interactions and development of ex vivo organoids. Applying my strong background in Microbiology & Immunology with chemical and structural biology approaches to understand how microbes impact cancer incidence, progression and treatment.
AmiBhattStanford UniversityPalo Alto, CAUSA
Assistant Professor
Dr. Bhatt seeks to improve outcomes in patients with hematological malignancies by exhaustively characterizing the dynamics of the microbiome in immunocompromised individuals, and exploring how changes in the microbiome are associated with idiopathic diseases in this population. Her recent work, demonstrating the discovery of a novel bacterium using sequence-based analysis of a diseased human tissue (Bhatt et al, NEJM, 2013), was first presented as a Late-breaking abstract at ASH 2012 and has subsequently been presented nationally and internationally. She loves working with trainees and is excited about the application of new molecular and computational technologies to solve complicated metagenomic puzzles. Learning how to organize piles of shotgun metagenomic sequencing data into orderly lists of genomes and genes of potential clinical/biological importance is her passion.
ElenaBiagiBologna UniversityBolognaItalyResearch fellow
Gut microbiota trajectory in pediatric patients undergoing hematopoietic SCT * Gut microbiota changes in the extreme decades of human life: a focus on centenarians. * The Bacterial Ecosystem of Mother's Milk and Infant's Mouth and Gut. * The gut microbiota of centenarians: Signatures of longevity in the gut microbiota profile. * Gut Microbiota and Extreme Longevity.
JenniferBiddleUniversity of DelawareLewes, DEUSA
Assistant Professor
My research is focused on microorganisms in the environment, and understanding what they do and where they are. Environments we examine include local marine sediments, the deep biosphere and microbialites. We examine microbial diversity at all levels, including bacteria, archaea and fungi. We employ next generation, high throughput sequencing techniques and bioinformatics, cultivation and geochemistry techniques in our studies.
Elisabeth M.BikHarbers Bik LLC
San Francisco, CA
Human microbiome, marine mammal microbiome, microbial ecology, citizen science, science communication, research misconduct, image manipulation, plagiarism, science conduct
University of California - Riverside
Riverside, CAUSA
Assistant Professor
My goal at UC Riverside will be to bring taxonomy into the 21st Century – leveraging the deep knowledge within the Department to explore fundamental questions in evolutionary biology, ecology, and biodiversity. With a focus on worms, of course. Free-living nematodes–especially those that live in marine habitats–are an unacknowledged pot of gold in biology. After spending the last few years moving between genomics centers and different microbially-inclined projects, I’ve come to realize the importance of a solid taxonomic foundation. For Environmental DNA studies (metagenomics and marker genes), we can always think big, but we have to start small.
University of Melbourne
Melbourne, Victoria
Adjunct Professor
Linda is an environmental microbial ecologist, who has studied many different complex microbial communities ranging from host associated through to free living in numerous environments. Her research has covered mammalian microbiomes of marsupials, humans, ruminants and horses; and the microbiota of non-mammals including corals and sponges. Environmental microbiomes explored in Linda’s research span wastewater treatment (aerobic and anaerobic), solid waste digestion (landfill and composting), bioelectric systems and microbiologically influenced corrosion. The numerous methods she develops and employs in her research allow elucidation of microbial complexity and function in these diverse biomes. Biotechnology; Microbially Influenced Corrosion; Biointerface Engineering; Microbiology; Materials Science; Environment; Science; Sustainability, wastewater treatment
University of Birmingham
Dr Blair’s research is focused on understanding how bacteria become resistant to antibiotics with a particular interest in the role of efflux pumps. She is also looking at how we might be able to inhibit efflux pumps to combat antibiotic resistance
ArielBlockerEvotec IDMarcy l'EtoileFrance
Senior Microbiologist
Gram-positive persistence inhibitionIndustry@ArielBlocker
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL)
Associate Professor
Pathoecology of Vibrio cholerae *** Understanding how pathogen emergence occurs and how virulence factors and antibiotic resistance spreads amongst bacteria is of prime importance. Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) plays a key role in the transfer of genetic information from one bacterium to another and in the balance between genome maintenance and evolution. Natural competence for transformation is one of three modes of HGT in prokaryotes. Large pieces of DNA containing a series of genes can be transferred by natural transformation without a the involvement of mobile genetic elements. This process can quickly foster evolution, and natural transformation is known to be involved in the spread of antibiotic resistance and the emergence of new pathogens *** The main research topics of the lab are: * Natural competence for genetic transformation. * The link between competence induction in Vibrio cholerae and type VI secretion. * Acquisition of pethogenic traits. * Benefits of virulence outside the human host in the pathogens' environmental reservoirs.
Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology
Microbial Ecology of the Deep Sea * Marine Methane Cycle * Gas Hydrates and Cold Seeps * Geomicrobiology * Global Carbon Cycle
Utrecht Medical Center
Debby Bogaert is working as pediatric infectious diseases and immunology specialist at the Department of Pediatric Immunology of the UMC Utrecht, The Netherlands. Here she participates in a collaborative research network on pathogenesis and prevention of respiratory tract infections in children and adults.
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, PAUSA
Associate Professor
Bacterial/vial coinfectionsAcademia@jbomb
ArpitaBoseWashington UniversitySt Louis, MOUSA
Assistant Professor
The Bose lab studies microbial metabolisms and their influence on biogeochemical cycling using an interdisciplinary approach. We apply the knowledge we gain to generate new ways of addressing issues such as the energy crisis, pollution, biofouling and sustainability.
University of Technology Sydney
Sydney, NSWAustraliaPostdoc
My research studies how bacteria grow and divide, and how this is regulated in response to different environments, including during infection and in response to nutrient availability.
DawnBowdishMcMaster UniversityHamilton, ONCanada
Associate Professor
Lung microbiome, Streptococcus pneumonia, microbiology of aging, innate immunityAcademia
Northeastern Univeristy
Boston, MAUSA
Associate Professor
marsh denitrification, understanding how human derived nutrients are altering the structure and function of salt marshes to examining whether oyster aquaculture increases the prevalence of both beneficial and harmful microorganisms in the environment
AllysonBradyMcMaster UniversityHamilton, ONCanada
Postdoctoral Fellow
geomicrobiology, biogeochemical cycling, microbial ecology, organic biomarkers, isotope geochemistry, astrobiology, extreme environments
Appalachian State University
Boone, NCUSA
Associate Professor
methane and peat bogs, manganese geomicrobiology, caves and karstAcademia
University of South Florida
Tampa, FLUSA
Associate Professor
The Breitbart lab uses molecular techniques to examine the diversity, distribution, and ecological roles of viruses and bacteria in a wide range of environments - including seawater, animals, plants, insects, zooplankton, coral reefs, stromatolites, and reclaimed water.