AE' is the numismatic abbreviation for bronze or any copper alloy.
AR' is the numismatic abbreviation for silver.
AV' is the numismatic abbreviation for gold.
PB' is the numismatic abbreviation for lead.
Aluminum is a chemical element in the boron group with symbol Al and atomic number 13.
FE' is the abbreviation for iron objects.
CU' is the numismatic abbreviation for unalloyed (or nearly so) copper.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon that is widely used in construction and other applications because of its hardness and tensile strength.
Brass is an alloy made of copper and zinc; the proportions of zinc and copper can be varied to create a range of brasses with varying
Zinc is a common material component of coinage.
Tin is a common material component of coins.
Glass is an amorphous solid (non-crystalline) material that exhibits a glass transition, which is the reversible transition in amorphous materials (or in
amorphous regions within semicrystalline materials) from a hard and relatively brittle state into a molten or rubber-like state.
A material made by fusing powdered glass to a substrate by firing, usually between 750 and 850 °C (1,380 and 1,560 °F).
Billon is any copper alloy with only a small amount of precious metal mixed in.
A bone is a rigid organ that constitutes part of the vertebral skeleton.
Paper is a thin material produced by pressing together moist fibers, typically cellulose pulp derived from wood, rags or grasses, and drying them into flexible sheets.
Pewter is a malleable metal alloy, traditionally 85–99% tin, with the remainder consisting of copper, antimony, bismuth and sometimes, less commonly today, lead. Silver is also sometimes used.
In numismatics, 'potin' is usually any alloy of copper with a high tin content, incorrectly used to indicate the material of debased Roman imperial bronzes struck the
3rd century AD and later.
EL' is the numismatic abbreviation for Electrum, the alloy of gold and silver.
A type of white marble.
Marble is a metamorphic rock that may be foliated or non-foliated, composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite.
A clay-based unglazed or glazed ceramic, where the fired body is porous.
Clay is a fine-grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with traces of metal oxides and organic matter.
Nickel is a common physical component of coinage.
In numismatics, 'orichalcum' is used for the copper-zinc alloy (brass) used to produce Roman imperial Sestertii and Dupondii.
An alloy of copper and nickel.
A composite of materials, often organic.
Ivory is a hard, white material from the tusks (traditionally elephant's) and teeth of animals, that can be used in art or manufacturing.