Military and Conflict
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SourceTitleURLItem TypeDescription
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Stockholm International Peace Research InstituteSIPRI databaseshttp://www.sipri.org/databasesDatabasesBased in Stockholm, SIPRI is an independent research institute specializing in conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. It maintains five databases: SIPRI Multilateral Peace Operations Database; SIPRI Military Expenditure Database; SIPRI Arms Transfers Database; SIPRI Arms Embargo Database; SIPRI national reports database. The data is based on open-source information and annual SIPRI questionnaires, and can be downloaded.
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Small Arms Survey Small Arms Surveyhttp://www.smallarmssurvey.org/de/home.htmlInformation; Database; Reference ToolsBased at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Small Arms Survey provides interactive maps and charts on armed violence and includes a downloadable database. It also links to international reports on armed conflicts, stockpiles (state and civilian) and arms transfers (authorized and illicit). The website also provides the Transparency Barometer, which helps gauge the veracity of state-submitted arms data, and tools designed to identify the type and origin of weapons and munitions. These include the Ammunition Tracing Kit, Small Arms ID Cards, and the Weapons ID Database, which was developed with the support of the Royal Armouries UK, and is designed to help researchers accurately identify weapons by using visual information.
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Conflict Armament ResearchiTRACE Conflict Arms Databasehttps://itrace.conflictarm.comDatabaseThe European Union-funded database stores files with verified, precise information on diverted weapons and ammunition recovered from conflict zones, including manufacturer details, images and satellite maps for location. Sources of reports are indicated and include in-field research. Free registration is required.
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Peace Research Institute Oslo PRIOhttps://www.prio.org/Information; Datasets; Expert sourcesThe Oslo-based independent, academic conflict research institute has a myriad of active projects and experts on specific interdisciplinary subjects, as well as general conflict trends. The website includes links to downloadable datasets on armed conflicts (with time periods ranging from 1946 to 2015) and arms data.
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Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms TransfersSmall Arms Trade Databasehttp://nisat.prio.org/Trade-Database/DatabaseThe NISAT database provides information on transfers of small arms, light weapons and their parts and accessories from variety of sources, but relies heavily on official government data such as customs records. The database contains millions of detailed records on arms traded between 250 states and territories since 1962. Details on what is available and the limitations and reliability of the data are described here: http://file.prio.no/Publication_files/NISAT/NISAT%20database%20public%20user%20manual.pdf
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United Nations Office for Disarmament AffairsUN Report on Military Expenditureshttp://www.un.org/disarmament/convarms/Milex/DatabaseSelf-reported military spending by UN member states since 1981.
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United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs The UN Register of Conventional Arms http://www.un-register.org/HeavyWeapons/Index.aspxDatabaseThe UN database provides self-reported information about imports and exports of major weapons system by country and year. Links at the top of the page provide access to other conventional arms databases, including Small Arms and Light Weapons, Domestic Procurements through national production, and National Military Holdings.
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U.S. Department of StateWorld Military Expenditures and Arms Transfershttp://www.state.gov/t/avc/rls/rpt/wmeat/DatasetsThe country and region-specific reports provide statistics on annual military expenditures, arms transfers, armed forces personnel, select economic data and military-economic ratio indicators for 170 countries. The data, which dates back to 1964 and is sourced from various indices listed in the report, is accompanied by analyses and highlights. The latest WMEAT report, published in December 2015, covers the years 2002 through 2012.
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The World Bank World Development Indicators Databasehttp://databank.worldbank.org/data/reports.aspx?source=world-development-indicatorsDatabaseThe WDI database can be queried by country/countries and year/time for data on military expenditure (as percentages of government budget, GDP, and local currency totals); number of peacekeepers (military observers, police, troops)' arms imports and arms exports (arms trade data is sourced from SIPRI).
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International Crisis GroupCrisis Grouphttp://www.crisisgroup.org/Information; Expert sourcesThe Brussels-based non-profit produces reports and analyses on region and country-specific conflicts. The website is a good resource for information and expert sources/analysts.
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The Correlates of War ProjectCOWhttp://www.correlatesofwar.org/data-sets/folder_listingDatasetsCurrently overseen by directors from Penn State University and University of California, Davis, COW makes available academically vetted, sourced datasets about wars, militarized conflicts, formal alliances, territorial changes, bilateral trade, etc. How current data is depends on the particular dataset.
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Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict ResearchConflict Barometerhttp://www.hiik.de/en/konfliktbarometer/index.htmlInformation; Datasets; Expert sourcesThe Germany-based conflict research institute publishes an annual Conflict Barometer quantitative report that measures conflict intensity and provides information on weapons, personnel, casualties, refugees and IDPs and destruction. Downloadable datasets are available on political conflicts by year; conflicts over natural resources; dyadic data on interstate conflicts; and the disaggregated conflict dataset. Staff list is a good resource for regional expert sources.
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New AmericaWorld of Droneshttp://securitydata.newamerica.net/world-drones.htmlInformationThe grant-supported research foundation has compiled open source information, including media reports, to create charts of global imports and exports of drones, and provide summaries of state and non-state actor drone capabilities.
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Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and DevelopmentGeneva Declaration http://www.genevadeclaration.org/en/measurability/global-burden-of-armed-violence/global-burden-of-armed-violence-2015.htmlInformation; Statistics; SourcesThe secretariat of the intergovernmental initiative adopted in 2006 publishes an annual report on Global Burden of Armed Violence. The website also provides country-level assessments and regional fact sheets with statistics and estimates related to violence. The website also links to projects, programs and organizations, which may serve as sources.
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Security Assistance MonitorSecurity Assistance Monitorwww.securityassistance.orgDatabaseSecurity Assistance Monitor is a program of Washington-based Center for International Policy, a non-profit public think tank that advocates for foreign policy oversight. The program provides data on U.S. security and defense worldwide since 2000, sourced to publicly available information. Data sets are available for military and police aid, economic aid, training programs, exercises, exchanges, bases, deployments and arms sales and may be searched by country, region, program and assistance type.
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Incore International Conflict Research InstituteEthnic Conflict Research Digest
http://www.incore.ulst.ac.uk/services/ecrd/new/search.html
Search engine; Expert sourcesManaged by University of Ulster in Northern Ireland, the digest publishes peer reviews of recently published books, journal articles and research papers on ethnic conflict. Searchable by subject, year and author, this can be a good source of information on a specific conflict and a resource for expert sources.
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European Commission Global Conflict Risk Indexhttp://conflictrisk.jrc.ec.europa.eu/DatasetBased on quantitative indicators from open sources, the index scores structural conditions in each country to estimate the statistical risk of violent conflict in the next 1-4 years. Five dimensions (social, economic, security, political, geographical/environmental) are used to create statistical regression models to calculate the probability and intensity of violent conflict.
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U.S. Department of StateOffice of Global Criminal Justicehttp://www.state.gov/j/gcj/InformationThe U.S. federal agency covers issues related to war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. Resources include remarks, releases and reports; Transitional Justice Policy Papers; International Criminal Tribunals; AMaterials on atrocities; DHS/ICE War Crimes Unit; DOJ Human Rights & Special Prosecutions Section
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