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10/1/1960 0:00:00A timeline of journalism in a digital ageA timeline of key events and technology milestones in Online journalism and events that have had an impact on the way we look at the business and practice of journalism <br/> The choice of events on this list comes from a number of lists: <br/> http://mindymcadams.com/tojou/2008/breaking-news-online-a-short-history-and-timeline/ <br/> http://reportr.net/2008/11/29/from-diana-to-mumbai-breaking-the-news-online <br/> http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2008/11/20/are-these-the-biggest-moments-in-journalism-blogging-history/ <br/>http://goa2003.onlinejournalismus.de/webwatch/10jahrechronik.php <br/> A lot of the stuff here is my choice and in part there because I'm using this in lectures.title
10/1/1962 0:00:00ARPANET birth of the InternetNailing down an exact point for the invention of the Internet (not to be confused with the web) is tricky. Technically, the development of TCP/IP in the early 70's could be seen as a key point but most agree that the development of ARPANET was the seed for the development of the giant, connected network or networks that is the webhttp://www.let.leidenuniv.nl/history/ivh/arpanet1.gifhttp://www.let.leidenuniv.nl/history/ivh/chap2.htmhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ARPANEThttp://www.let.leidenuniv.nl/history/ivh/arpanet1.gif
1/1/1985 0:00:00The WellThe Well is one of the oldest online communities still going. The WELL was started by Stewart Brand and Larry Brilliant in 1985, and the name is partially a reference to some of Brand's earlier projects, including the Whole Earth Catalog. The WELL began as a dial-up bulletin board system (BBS). It was home to many notable. The Well had a policy of providing free accounts for interesting journalists and other select members of the media and is often cited (inside and outside journalism) as one of the key influences in defining the idea of online communiteshttp://www.newsroster.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/The-pioneer-online-community-The-Well-up-for-sale.pnghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_WELLhttp://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2012/07/what-the-wells-rise-and-fall-tell-us-about-online-community/259504/http://www.newsroster.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/The-pioneer-online-community-The-Well-up-for-sale.png
1/12/1987 0:00:00The oldest surviving news service?In 1987 Liam Ferrie, a Digital Equipment Corporation employee based in the town, used DECNET to send out a weekly summary of Irish news to colleagues in the US.

"We think we are the oldest internet-based news service that still survives," says Liam Ferrie, publisher and director of Irish Emigrant Publications.
http://cdn.dipity.com/uploads/events/76746e2ab1712d3b94b78eb2252dc155_1M.pngSource: <a href="http://www.journalism.co.uk/5/articles/53395.php"> Journalism.co.uk </a>The oldest surviving news service?http://cdn.dipity.com/uploads/events/76746e2ab1712d3b94b78eb2252dc155_1M.png
3/1/1989 0:00:00Tim Berners-Lee invents the World Wide WebUsing concepts from his earlier hypertext systems Sir Tim Berners-Lee wrote a proposal in March 1989 for what would eventually become the World Wide Web. At CERN, Berners-Lee and Belgian computer scientist Robert Cailliau proposed in 1990 to use hypertext "to link and access information of various kinds as a web of nodes in which the user can browse at will"http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7a/Timbernerslee.jpgSource: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Wide_Web"> Wikipedia </a>Tim Berners-Lee "Inventor" of the web.http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7a/Timbernerslee.jpgTech
1/1/1990 0:00:001/1/2003 0:00:00The "Web 1.0" EraA retrospective term (born out of the concept of web 2.0) the 'first version' of the web is often described as 'top down' where the model mirrored the publishing models of traditional media - a small number of producers and a large number of consumers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_1.0http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_1.0 era
10/25/1994 0:00:00Der Spiegal magazine goes onlineGerman News magazine Der Spiegel, went online 25 October 1994. first to Compuserve users and then beyond. It was the first online presence of an established news magazine, one day before the Time site. http://einestages.spiegel.de/hund-images/2011/07/19/29/cc4f9528c7ffaec1ea9be9a1c96ffd60_image_document_xxl.jpgSource: <a href="http://einestages.spiegel.de/external/ShowTopicAlbumBackground/a23173/l5/l0/F.html#featuredEntry">Spiegel.de </a>The first news magazine onlinehttp://einestages.spiegel.de/hund-images/2011/07/19/29/cc4f9528c7ffaec1ea9be9a1c96ffd60_image_document_xxl.jpg
7/25/1994 0:00:00Aftonbladet - First European newspaper onlineSwedish daily Aftonbladet is credited as the first European newspaper online and has continued to become Scandinavia’s biggest news websitehttp://www.schibsted.no/Global/Images/Logoer/aftonbladet%20se_101105.jpgSource: <a href="http://www.aftonbladet.se/">www.aftonbladet.se</a>The first European Newspaper online.http://www.schibsted.no/Global/Images/Logoer/aftonbladet%20se_101105.jpgEU
11/15/1994 0:00:00Daily Telegraph website goes liveLaunched on 15 November 1994, it was Europe's first daily web-based newspaper. Initially the site published only the top stories from the print edition of the newspaper but it gradually increased its coverage until virtually all of the newspaper was carried online and the website was also publishing original material.http://digitaldoesnthurt.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/et_1475013a2.jpegSource: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Daily_Telegraph">Wikipedia</a>Daily Telegraph goes live.http://digitaldoesnthurt.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/et_1475013a2.jpegUK
1/1/1995 0:00:00New Century Networks createdKnight-Ridder, Tribune, Times Mirror, Advance Publications, Cox Enterprises, Gannett, Hearst, Washington Post, and the New York Times each contributed $1 million to create New Century Networks in 1995. According to Wikipedia "Over its 3-year life, the nine member companies reportedly poured $25 million into the venture. Leadership and management was confused, as the participating companies had different ideas about the best direction for the company; Tribune Co. became so exasperated at NCN that they joined America Online in offering a classified service with them." <a href="http://gradworks.umi.com/15/52/1552524.html">One academic argues </a> that "a defensive posture assumed by newspaper leaders limited their ability to capitalize on potentially groundbreaking ideas that arose out of NCN. These possibilities included a nascent but abandoned effort to use Internet search as a means of maintaining control of newspapers rich content." The enterprise collapsed in 1998http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Century_Networkhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Century_NetworkUS
4/25/1995 0:00:00Oklahoma City BombingMindy McAdams said "I was working at The Washington Post’s very new online news operation, which had no Web presence yet. We journalists used the Web frantically and continuously to gather facts and background information throughout the day and into the night. The Web was our primary tool, and we were many hours ahead of the print newsroom. But in 1995, most journalists did not have access to the Internet at their desk."http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l08zD9Pn1jkSource: <a href="http://mindymcadams.com/tojou/2008/breaking-news-online-a-short-history-and-timeline/">Mindy McAdams: Breaking news online: A short history and timeline </a>US
5/5/1995 0:00:00Internet Explorer launchedThe first version of Internet Explorer (later referred to as Internet Explorer 1) made its debut on 16 August 1995.http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/3/39/Internet_Explorer_1.0.pngSource: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_Explorer_1">Wikipedia</a>Microsoft's first web browserhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/3/39/Internet_Explorer_1.0.pngTech
1/1/1996 0:00:00Craigslist goes onlineCraig Newman had been running his email list of small ads and noitices since 1995 and in 1996 he took it on to the web. By 1998 it had turned from hobby to private company and by 2003 it was in the UK. For the Journalism industry, craigslist became synonymous with the disruption of the small ad business model that many publishers relied on. It was the go to site to describe the way that the web was eating away the financial sustainability of the traditional media.http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c7/Craig-newmark.jpghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CraigslistCraig Newmark. Founder of Craigslisthttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c7/Craig-newmark.jpgInfluence
12/1/1996 0:00:00Macromedia buy FlashA product that had been FutureSplash Animator - used by Disney and MSN to bring multimedia to the web - was bought by Macromedia and became Macromedia Flash 1.0. The development of Flash mirrors the development of online storytelling and, as frustrating as it was to work with and publish, it paved the way for much of the interactive online content we see today.http://noscope.com/wp-content/uploads/flash1.jpghttp://noscope.com/2004/futuresplash/https://www.adobe.com/macromedia/events/john_gay/http://noscope.com/wp-content/uploads/flash1.jpgTech
5/1/1997 0:00:00BBC 1997 Election coverageThe night of the vote, a small team of journalists were huddled in a room in West London, posting stories and and publishing the results online as they came in. The site was due to be wound down after the election, but it had built up such momentum online that the BBC kept it going while it geared up for the launch of BBC News Online in November 1997.http://www.currybet.net/images/blog/bbc_archive/election97homepage.gifImage Source: <a href="http://www.currybet.net/cbet_blog/2005/03/election-97-on-bbccouk.php">CurryBet</a> Text Source: <a href="http://reportr.net/2008/11/29/from-diana-to-mumbai-breaking-the-news-online/">Alf Hermida:From Diana to Mumbai. Breaking the news online </a> http://www.currybet.net/images/blog/bbc_archive/election97homepage.gifUK
11/1/1995 0:00:00Salon.com launchedSalon is considered a pioneering publication for Online Journalism. From its birth in the early years of the web through battling with paywall politics and beyond Salon has been a benchmark by many working online.http://digidickinson.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Salon-dot-Com-a-Cyber-Community.jpgSource: <a href="http://goa2003.onlinejournalismus.de/webwatch/10jahrechronik.php">onlinejournalismus.de</a>http://digidickinson.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Salon-dot-Com-a-Cyber-Community.jpg
9/15/1997 0:00:00Google appearsGoogle began in January 1996 as a research project by Larry Page and Sergey Brin when they were both PhD students at Stanford University in CaliforniaThe domain name for Google was registered on September 15, 1997, and the company was incorporated on September 4, 1998. It was based in a friend's (Susan Wojcicki) garage in Menlo Park, California. Craig Silverstein, a fellow PhD student at Stanford, was hired as the first employee.http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/b/b7/Google1998.pngSource: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google"> Wikipedia </a>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/b/b7/Google1998.pngTech
8/31/1997 0:00:00Death of Princess DianaBetween the election coverage and the planned roll out of the BBC news site came the death of Princess Diana and suddenly we had a major news event to reflect online. We created a new website to remember Diana and asked people to send in their tributes. We were inundated, with more than 7,500 messages - too many to process and publish. It was the first time BBC News had done anything like this online. It showed the strength of the web as a platform for breaking news and helped to legitimise the Internet as a medium for news.http://digidickinson.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/www.bbc_.co_.uk_news_special_politics97_diana_.jpg<a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/special/politics97/diana/">BBC Archive of Diana Page</a> Text Source: <a href="http://reportr.net/2008/11/29/from-diana-to-mumbai-breaking-the-news-online/">Alf Hermida:From Diana to Mumbai. Breaking the news online </a> http://digidickinson.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/www.bbc_.co_.uk_news_special_politics97_diana_.jpgUK
1/17/1998 0:00:00Matt Drudge and Monica Lewinsky storyThe Drudge Report breaks the Monica Lewinsky story. While Drudge denies the site is a blog, it demonstrated how the nimbleness of an online operation could scoop the mainstream media.http://digidickinson.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/DrudgeReportArchives.com-©-2013.jpg<a href="http://www.drudgereportarchives.com/data/2002/01/17/20020117_175502_ml.htm">Drudge Archive</a> Text Source: <a href="http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2008/11/20/are-these-the-biggest-moments-in-journalism-blogging-history//">Paul Bradshaw: ARE THESE THE BIGGEST MOMENTS IN JOURNALISM-BLOGGING HISTORY?</a> http://digidickinson.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/DrudgeReportArchives.com-©-2013.jpg
1/1/1999 0:00:00Guardian goes onlineThe Guardian had been developing a number of suppliment and feature sites since 1995. In January 1999 the Guardian Unlimited network launched. In September 1999 the site registers one million users. The first official ABCe statistics in October identify Guardian Unlimited as having 10.2 million page impressions a month.http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2010/11/1/1288626258182/Guardian-Unlimited-grab-001.jpgText Source: <a href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/gnm-archive/guardian-website-timeline">The Guardian</a> http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2010/11/1/1288626258182/Guardian-Unlimited-grab-001.jpgUK
8/23/1999 0:00:00BloggerPyra Labs (started by Evan Williams and Meg Hourihan) release Blogger, the platform that helped define our understanding of blogging. From a journalism perspective you can see blogging as a dissruption, a possitive thing or curse it for bringing us the ever present 'is blogging journalism debate'. Whatever your position, the impact of blogging can't be overstated. Evan Williams would later go on to help create Twitter.http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-cdweCO-RPDQ/TkXzpD-uX-I/AAAAAAAAAAo/P3X_sLCJggw/s1600/blogger-8-year.gifhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blogger_(service)http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-cdweCO-RPDQ/TkXzpD-uX-I/AAAAAAAAAAo/P3X_sLCJggw/s1600/blogger-8-year.gifTech
11/24/1999 0:00:00Indymedia goes onlineThe Independent Media Center (also known as Indymedia or IMC) is a global participatory network of journalists that report on political and social issues. It originated during the Seattle anti-WTO protests worldwide in 1999 and remains closely associated with the global justice movement, which criticizes neo-liberalism and its associated institutions. Indymedia uses an open publishing and democratic media process that allows anybody to contribute.http://www.indymedia.org.uk/images/2009/11/442560.jpgSource: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independent_Media_Center">Wikipedia</a>http://www.indymedia.org.uk/images/2009/11/442560.jpgCit-J
2/22/2000 0:00:00Oh My News launchesOften cited as the first Citizen Journalism site on the web. Founded by Oh Yeon Ho it's influence has spread far beyond South Koreahttp://newsroom.unl.edu/releases/downloadables/photo/20101008oh.jpgSource: <a href="http://international.ohmynews.com/">ohmynews.com</a>http://newsroom.unl.edu/releases/downloadables/photo/20101008oh.jpgCit-J
1/15/2001 0:00:00Wikipedia LaunchesIt may not be journalism but few can question the impact that the online encyclopedia has had on the news and how we get it. Wikipedia is still one of the first sites many will visit for 'news'

"Increasingly, it has become a go-to source not just for reference material but for real-time breaking news — to the point where, following the mass murder at Virginia Tech, one newspaper in Virginia praised Wikipedia as a crucial source of detailed information."
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WikipediaSource: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia">Wikipedia</a> Text from <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/01/magazine/01WIKIPEDIA-t.html"> NYTimes: All the news that's fit to print</A>http://unews.utah.edu/wp-content/uploads/wikipedia_logo_detail.pngInfluence
11/11/2001 0:00:00September 11thThe day the the Internet failed. Sites such as CNN.com were inaccessible within minutes after the second plane struck the World Trade Center. News sites scrambled to adjust, with all Ted Turner’s properties (for example) converting their servers to carry CNN news. We watched this event on television — for days. However, the Internet also triumphed: We received numerous eyewitness reports from inside New York via blogs and e-mail, at a time when phone access was compromised for almost everyone trying to call in and many trying to call out.http://youtu.be/vfYQAPhjwzASource: <a href="http://mindymcadams.com/tojou/2008/breaking-news-online-a-short-history-and-timeline/">Mindy McAdams: Breaking news online: A short history and timeline </a>
11/18/2001 0:00:00El Pais first paper to charge for online contentIn the mid-1990s, El País was the second Spanish newspaper to publish an internet edition, El País digital (the first was the Catalan newspaper Avui). On 18 November 2002, it became the first Spanish newspaper to introduce a payment system for access to the contents of its electronic version, which drastically reduced the number of visits to the website, to the extent that El Mundo, which maintained open access to the majority of its contents, became the leading Spanish digital newspaper.http://elpais.com/Source: <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Pais">Wikipedia</a> era
1/1/2002 0:00:001/1/2014 0:00:00The "Web 2.0" eraAlthough the exact defintiion of web 2.0 is hard to pin down, many beleive that, amongst other things, the aftermath of the dot.com bubble and a the technical developments of the infrastructure of the web combined to start people thinking about how the would be different from what had gone before (retrosepctivly called web 1.0). The level of participation and interaction that formed part of the web 2.0 thinking has been fundamental to the opportunities and challenges that the web has bought journalismhttp://www.oreillynet.com/oreilly/tim/news/2005/09/30/graphics/figure1.jpghttp://oreilly.com/web2/archive/what-is-web-20.htmlhttp://oreilly.com/web2/archive/what-is-web-20.htmlhttp://www.oreillynet.com/oreilly/tim/news/2005/09/30/graphics/figure1.jpg
12/20/2002 0:00:00Trent Lott forced to resignTrent Lott forced to resign after apparently pro-segregationist statements made at an event and initially ignored by mainstream media, were picked up and fleshed out by bloggershttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aRLqT_ZoJPQText Source: <a href="http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2008/11/20/are-these-the-biggest-moments-in-journalism-blogging-history//">Paul Bradshaw: ARE THESE THE BIGGEST MOMENTS IN JOURNALISM-BLOGGING HISTORY?</a> More Information: http://archive.pressthink.org/2004/03/15/lott_case.html
3/23/2003 0:00:00Christopher Allbritton - Back-to-Iraq 3.0Christopher Allbritton raises $15,000 through his blog Back-to-Iraq 3.0, to send him to report independently from the war, demonstrating the ability of blogs to financially support independent journalism (called the ‘tip-jar model’).https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-Ytorlju35nE/Tgx0sdwDt3I/AAAAAAAAB68/Q5nFbr7k3Go/s503/_MG_0043.jpgText Source: <a href="http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2008/11/20/are-these-the-biggest-moments-in-journalism-blogging-history//">Paul Bradshaw: ARE THESE THE BIGGEST MOMENTS IN JOURNALISM-BLOGGING HISTORY?</a> http://www.back-to-iraq.com/https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-Ytorlju35nE/Tgx0sdwDt3I/AAAAAAAAB68/Q5nFbr7k3Go/s503/_MG_0043.jpg
5/27/2003 0:00:00WordpressIf Blogger helped define the concept of blogging, Wordpress has certainly consolodated the practice and bridged the gap between publishing and content managment. The sheer number of journalists, publishers and alternative media orgs (as well as individuals) who have embraced the platform makes it one of the underlying technologies that's powered online journalism.http://farm1.staticflickr.com/28/90593778_eaab1e7cf7_z.jpghttp://www.flickr.com/photos/photomatt/90593778/ Matt Mullenweg and Mike Little. The 'creators ' of wordpress. http://farm1.staticflickr.com/28/90593778_eaab1e7cf7_z.jpgTech
10/1/2004 0:00:00Rocketboom LaunchesRocketboom started as a daily Vlog (video blog) but quickly grew into one of the fastest growing video startups on the web. Whilst online video 'shows' migt feel like the norm in an age of youtube and social media, Rocketboom was there early and supporters and crtitics alike asked questions of its success that we are still trying to answer today. Many of the names associated with Rocketboom have moved on to organisations like Buzzfeed and Edlemen.http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Technology/Pix/pictures/2009/5/25/1243252715922/Caitlin-Hill-001.jpghttp://www.theguardian.com/technology/2009/may/25/netbytes-rocketboomhttp://www.rocketboom.com/about/http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Technology/Pix/pictures/2009/5/25/1243252715922/Caitlin-Hill-001.jpg
11/8/2004 0:00:00RathergateCBS’ 60 Minutes broadcast a story about George W. Bush’s National Guard service, and within minutes a section of the blogosphere mobilises to discredit the documents on which it is based. Dan Rather eventually resigns as a result.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vqVaNSzEgEwText Source: <a href="http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2008/11/20/are-these-the-biggest-moments-in-journalism-blogging-history//">Paul Bradshaw: ARE THESE THE BIGGEST MOMENTS IN JOURNALISM-BLOGGING HISTORY?</a> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_W._Bush_military_service_controversy
12/26/2004 0:00:00Asian TsunamiAsian Tsunami: more blogs mobilise around a disaster, of particular significance for video blogging
http://youtu.be/0NfKZAiWRoEText Source: <a href="http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2008/11/20/are-these-the-biggest-moments-in-journalism-blogging-history//">Paul Bradshaw: ARE THESE THE BIGGEST MOMENTS IN JOURNALISM-BLOGGING HISTORY?</a> More at : http://online.wsj.com/article/SB110470611254614746.htmlCit-J
3/20/2003 0:00:00Invasion of Iraq:Salam PaxSalam Pax, the ‘Baghdad Blogger’, posts updates from the city as it is bombed, providing a particular contrast to war reporters ‘embedded’ with the armed forces and demonstrating the importance of non-journalist bloggershttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gNtKGqGX_egText Source: <a href="http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2008/11/20/are-these-the-biggest-moments-in-journalism-blogging-history//">Paul Bradshaw: ARE THESE THE BIGGEST MOMENTS IN JOURNALISM-BLOGGING HISTORY?</a> http://salampax.wordpress.com/
4/13/2005 0:00:00Rupert Murdochs Digital natives speachFew speeches have had as much impact on the industry as Rupert Murdoch's revelations to the American Society of Newspaper Editors. He announces that newspapers have been "remarkably, unaccountably complacent" in the face of declining readership and describes the internet as a "monumental, once-in-a-generation opportunity to reshape itself and be healthier than ever before."
http://pundit.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/rupert-murdoch-myspace.jpgSource: <a href="http://www.journalism.co.uk/news-features/the-online-journalism-timeline/s5/a51753/"> Journalism.co.uk </a>The full speech: http://www.newscorp.com/news/news_247.html and you can watch it at :http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/186276-1http://pundit.net/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/rupert-murdoch-myspace.jpgInfluence
6/7/2005 0:00:00London BombingsBombs exploded in London tube trains and on a bus, and passengers reported the aftermath by sending photos snapped with their mobile phones. Longtime journalist Tim Porter documented this on his blog, and even National Geographic saw fit to comment on the role of cell phone cameras in reporting these events.
http://moblog.net/media/m/i/s/misteralfie/london-underground-bombing-trapped-1.jpgSource: <a href="http://mindymcadams.com/tojou/2008/breaking-news-online-a-short-history-and-timeline/">Mindy McAdams: Breaking news online: A short history and timeline </a>Tim Porters take:http://www.timporter.com/firstdraft/archives/000468.htmlhttp://moblog.net/media/m/i/s/misteralfie/london-underground-bombing-trapped-1.jpg
11/1/2005 0:00:00YouTube LaunchedThe UGC beamoth launches to the world. "The site grew rapidly, and in July 2006 the company announced that more than 65,000 new videos were being uploaded every day, and that the site was receiving 100 million video views per day" Google bought Youtube in 2006 and the site has continued to build on its content and strategic partnerships to build a formidable commercial propostion.http://youtu.be/jNQXAC9IVRwMe at the Zoo. The first video uploaded to Youtubehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/YouTubeTech
9/10/2006 0:00:00Coup d’état in ThailandA coup d’état in Thailand, reported to be peaceful and bloodless, was shown to be exactly that in contemporary photos posted on Flickr.http://farm1.staticflickr.com/94/248893783_da99b48211_z.jpgImage Source: <a href="http://www.flickr.com/photos/wisekwai/248893783/">wise_kwai on Flickr</a>Images on Flickr - http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=thailand+coup&d=taken-20060919-20061001&ss=1&ct=0&w=allhttp://farm1.staticflickr.com/94/248893783_da99b48211_z.jpg
3/1/2006 0:00:00Twitter is launchedIt would have been a brave pundit who would have put their money on Twitter becoming as popular as it has. There's no doubt that since it gained a wider notariety (around 2010) that the site has become part of the journalistic debate if not a core part of many journalists everyday life.http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bf/Twttr_sketch-Dorsey-2006.jpghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Twttr_sketch-Dorsey-2006.jpghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twitterhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bf/Twttr_sketch-Dorsey-2006.jpgTech
9/26/2006 0:00:00Facebook opened to allEven though Facebook had been around since 2004 (building on Facemash, 2003) it was only in 2006 that anyone over 13 with a valid email address could begin to use the site.http://s3.amazonaws.com/files.posterous.com/temp-2011-04-10/gBgEgvGacBkqjGeujxtDkdtzeBAACtvlFDeAIEoDGnixuvbpxqEvdmCJpwav/web_-_2_-_the_facebook.jpg.scaled1000.jpg?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAJFZAE65UYRT34AOQ&Expires=1361356343&Signature=W3qVk9xQaTtQBm279mfzTRsRB5g%3Dhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Facebookhttp://s3.amazonaws.com/files.posterous.com/temp-2011-04-10/gBgEgvGacBkqjGeujxtDkdtzeBAACtvlFDeAIEoDGnixuvbpxqEvdmCJpwav/web_-_2_-_the_facebook.jpg.scaled1000.jpg?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAJFZAE65UYRT34AOQ&Expires=1361356343&Signature=W3qVk9xQaTtQBm279mfzTRsRB5g%3DTech
4/17/2006 0:00:00Hurricane KatrinaThe Pulitzer Prize for Public Service cites the blog run by the New Orleans Times Picayune during Hurricane Katrina. The flexibility of blogs during a disaster which stopped printing presses and delivery trucks was driven home (h/t Bob Stepno).
http://barryyeoman.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/01/TP-Help-Us-Please.jpgText Source: <a href="http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2008/11/20/are-these-the-biggest-moments-in-journalism-blogging-history//">Paul Bradshaw: ARE THESE THE BIGGEST MOMENTS IN JOURNALISM-BLOGGING HISTORY?</a> The blog: http://www.nola.com/katrina/ and the Pulitzer citation: http://www.pulitzer.org/archives/7072http://barryyeoman.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/01/TP-Help-Us-Please.jpg
10/4/2006 0:00:00Wikileaks According to Wikipedia - WikiLeaks is an international, online, non-profit[2] organisation which publishes secret information, news leaks, and classified media from anonymous sources. The domain name for WIkileaks is registered and documents start to appear in December. The relationship between wikileaks and the traditional media gets an early outing in August 2007, when The Guardian published a story about corruption by the family of the former Kenyan politician Daniel arap Moi based on information provided via WikiLeaks.http://wikileaks.org/http://wikileaks.org/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WikiLeaksInfluence
11/9/2006 0:00:00Buzzfeed LaunchesBorn out of Jonah Peretti's Contagious Media, LLC (with John Johnson), Buzzfeed launches taking advantage of social shareing, viaral content and some savvy hires to lay the foundation for a what would become a game-changer in the industry.http://static1.businessinsider.com/image/52f52bc66da811f60abf8b78-1200/buzzfeed-then-2006.jpghttp://www.businessinsider.com/what-popular-websites-used-to-look-like-2014-2?op=1http://techcrunch.com/gallery/a-brief-history-of-buzzfeedhttp://static1.businessinsider.com/image/52f52bc66da811f60abf8b78-1200/buzzfeed-then-2006.jpg
12/30/2006 0:00:00The execution of Saddam HusseinWhen mobile phone footage of the execution of Saddam Hussein leaked on the web furious debate followed. What could you show, couldn't you show and if everyone can get it on the web. Irish Times journalist, Fintan O'Toole, said
"The unofficial video of Saddam's execution can be seen as the moment when the new media age moved definitively from shaping the reporting of events to shaping the nature of those events themselves..."
2/1/2007 0:00:00Dave Winer wins his $2,000 betDave Winer wins his $2,000 bet (made in 2002) that blogs will rank higher than the New York Times for the top 5 news stories of 2007 (h/t Bob Stepno), demonstrating the importance of blogging in news distribution.http://darwinforde.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/dave-winer-wikipedia-photo2.jpgText Source: <a href="http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2008/11/20/are-these-the-biggest-moments-in-journalism-blogging-history//">Paul Bradshaw: ARE THESE THE BIGGEST MOMENTS IN JOURNALISM-BLOGGING HISTORY?</a> The Bet - http://longbets.org/2/http://darwinforde.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/dave-winer-wikipedia-photo2.jpg
1/16/2007 0:00:00Talking Points Memo blog breaks story of US attorneys being firedTalking Points Memo blog breaks story of US attorneys being fired across the country, demonstrating the power of involving readers in an investigation, and carrying it out in publichttp://natesleeter.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/picture-6.pngText Source: <a href="http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2008/11/20/are-these-the-biggest-moments-in-journalism-blogging-history//">Paul Bradshaw: ARE THESE THE BIGGEST MOMENTS IN JOURNALISM-BLOGGING HISTORY?</a> http://www.cjr.org/behind_the_news/how_talkingpointsmemo_beat_the.php?page=allhttp://natesleeter.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/picture-6.png
4/16/2007 0:00:00Virginia Tech shootingsA gunman opens fire at Virginia Tech, killing 32. Students on the campus shared rumors and news reports among themselves via their native communication channels, such as Facebook; big media eavesdropped and re-broadcast these reports. In addition, a Wikipedia page created at 15:16 UTC (11:16 a.m. local time) on April 16 was updated and edited throughout the day by multiple authors. I may be wrong, but I think this was the first really significant use of a Wikipedia “current events” page. Noam Cohen wrote a good article about this phenomenon for The New York Times.http://youtu.be/J70xPB_0ceESource: <a href="http://mindymcadams.com/tojou/2008/breaking-news-online-a-short-history-and-timeline/">Mindy McAdams: Breaking news online: A short history and timeline </a>The wikipedia page - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virginia_Tech_massacre
9/14/2007 0:00:00Collapse of Northern RockBBC correspondent Robert Peston breaks one of the biggest stories of the year - not on TV, but on his blog.http://youtu.be/Lo_-2WoSK9EText Source: <a href="http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2008/11/20/are-these-the-biggest-moments-in-journalism-blogging-history//">Paul Bradshaw: ARE THESE THE BIGGEST MOMENTS IN JOURNALISM-BLOGGING HISTORY?</a> http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/thereporters/robertpeston/2007/09/rock_or_crock.html
9/18/2007 0:00:00Myanmar protestsThe clampdown that followed democratic protests in Myanmar was seen around the world thanks to blogging, moblogging, and social networking sites. Journalists were not allowed in the country. Even after the government cut off the internet, bloggers located outside the country continued to post material.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCCAif9JMdYText Source: <a href="http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2008/11/20/are-these-the-biggest-moments-in-journalism-blogging-history//">Paul Bradshaw: ARE THESE THE BIGGEST MOMENTS IN JOURNALISM-BLOGGING HISTORY?</a> A blog post with some links to sources and articles about the use of social media:http://www.thinkinghomebusiness.com/2007/09/27/this-time-the-whole-world-is-watching-burma-thanks-to-web-20/
1/24/2008 0:00:00Peter Hain resignsPeter Hain resigns over donations revealed by UK political blogger Guido Fawkes, who in 2006 broke a story on an affair by Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott which he claimed lobby correspondents were sitting on.http://youtu.be/BqH3OSkA1L8Text Source: <a href="http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2008/11/20/are-these-the-biggest-moments-in-journalism-blogging-history//">Paul Bradshaw: ARE THESE THE BIGGEST MOMENTS IN JOURNALISM-BLOGGING HISTORY?</a> http://order-order.com/2008/01/24/how-guido-destroyed-hains-ambitions-in/
5/12/2008 0:00:00Chinese EarthquakesA key moment for microblogging, as news of the earthquake spreads on Twitter (and Chinese IM service QQ) quicker than any official channels.
http://youtu.be/9-1_FNFtRY8Text Source: <a href="http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2008/11/20/are-these-the-biggest-moments-in-journalism-blogging-history//">Paul Bradshaw: ARE THESE THE BIGGEST MOMENTS IN JOURNALISM-BLOGGING HISTORY?</a> http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2008/05/12/twitter-and-the-chinese-earthquake/
6/2/2008 0:00:00Mayhill Fowler catches Clinton on the ropeJust months after Mayhill Fowler, one of the Huffington Post's 'amateur' journo's, gave birth to "bittergate" she does it again catching Bill Clinton's "fiery denunciation ("slimy," "dishonest") of Vanity Fair writer Todd Purdum." The journalism industry cries foul, yay and wtf in equal measure.http://youtu.be/BST16g-E9vshttp://www.huffingtonpost.com/mayhill-fowler/bill-clinton-purdhum-a-sl_b_104771.htmlhttp://pajamasmedia.com/blog/deep-inside-bittergate/
11/4/2008 0:00:00US Presidential ElectionFrom the start of the campaigning for the candidacy to the election result, this presidential campaign has proved to be a defining moment in all aspects of online coverage. UGC, breaking news, blogging and multimedia coverage have all been employed in the coverage of this historic event.http://www.nation.co.ke/image/view/-/487422/highRes/49519/-/maxw/600/-/sex9x5z/-/CHI0320_USA-ELECTION-_1105_.jpghttp://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2008/The-Internet-and-the-2008-Election.aspxhttp://www.nation.co.ke/image/view/-/487422/highRes/49519/-/maxw/600/-/sex9x5z/-/CHI0320_USA-ELECTION-_1105_.jpg
11/26/2008 0:00:00Terrorist attacks in MumbaiTerrorist attacks at several locations in Mumbai, India, were reported on Twitter almost immediately after they happened. An article at Forbes.com sums up the role played by Twitter.
http://youtu.be/Axug6Se4-UMSource: <a href="http://mindymcadams.com/tojou/2008/breaking-news-online-a-short-history-and-timeline/">Mindy McAdams: Breaking news online: A short history and timeline </a>http://www.forbes.com/2008/11/28/mumbai-twitter-sms-tech-internet-cx_bc_kn_1128mumbai.html
1/15/2009 0:00:00Hudson River plane crashWhen U.S. Airways Flight 1549 crash-landed in the Hudson River it was for some news organizations the first mention of Twitter, or more specifically Janis Kruns’ tweet and photo of the 155 passengers being rescued from the downed aircraft. While traditional news orgs quickly picked up the story, they still lagged behind those citizens empowered by social media who broke the story first. https://twitter.com/jkrums/status/1121915133http://www.mediabistro.com/10000words/landmark-moments-in-citizen-journalism_b313The orginal image - http://twitpic.com/135xahttp://www.wikinomics.com/blog/uploads/planecrash1.jpg
3/17/2009 0:00:00Seattle Post-Intelligencer goes online onlyThe 146 year old US newspaper announces that it will no longer produce a print edition and will continue online making it the first, large US paper to do so. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/d/de/Seattle_P-I_final_cover20090317.jpghttp://www.seattlepi.com/http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/7947226.stmhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/d/de/Seattle_P-I_final_cover20090317.jpg
6/12/2009 0:00:00Iranian presidential ElectionThe election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to his second term as president sparks a series of protests questioning the validity of the election.

The full weight of new media is bought to bare in covering events. Twitter gets huge mainstream coverage as the ubiquitous #iranelection elevates the app that of singular source for breaking news.

As well as social networks, maps and video play their part in covering the events.
6/12/2009 0:00:00Guardian and the Trafigura gagging storyInfamous legal firm Carter-Ruck server The Guardian with an order to limit what they can report about questions to be asked in Parliament. Social media users, specifically Twitter users react en-masse. Flashmobs are organised. Documents appear on Wikileaks and by the end of the day a Carter-Ruck back down. A lesson in how the legal system is challenged by new media and a benchmark day for social media. But it was also as a prime example of how old media and new media can compliment each otherhttps://twitter.com/arusbridger/status/4830943496http://onlinejournalismblog.com/2009/10/13/trafigura-guardian-gagging-order-parliament/
11/28/2010 0:00:00Wikileaks and media orgs publish the first of the leaked confidential diplomatic cablesWikiLeaks and five major newspapers from Spain (El País), France (Le Monde), Germany (Der Spiegel), the United Kingdom (The Guardian), and the United States (The New York Times) started to simultaneously publish the first 220 of 251,287 leaked confidential—but not top secret—diplomatic cables from 274 US embassies around the world, dated from 28 December 1966 to 28 February 2010http://www.iraqwarlogs.com/http://www.iraqwarlogs.com/http://www.journalism.co.uk/news-features/the-bureau-the-whistleblower-and-the-data-journalist-how-wikileaks-iraq-war-logs-made-the-news/s5/a541252/
12/17/2010 0:00:00Tunisian RevolutionThe suicide of street vendor Mohamed Bouazizi sparks mass protest which many see as the start of the "Arab Spring"http://www.europarl.europa.eu/resources/library/images/20111128PHT32598/20111128PHT32598_original.jpghttp://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/headlines/content/20111014FCS29297/5/html/Mohamed-Bouazizihttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-20626645http://www.europarl.europa.eu/resources/library/images/20111128PHT32598/20111128PHT32598_original.jpg
1/25/2011 0:00:00Revolution in EgyptProtests start in Egypt. Social networks and microblogging claim (and are claimed) to play a huge part in organizing and presenting the protest. Twitter and youtube in particular becomes vital for journalists tracking the event.
7/10/2011 0:00:00Last issue of the News of the WorldThe UK Sunday Tabloid The news of the world poublished it's last edition. The paper was closed in response to the fast-expanding and, it seemed, all ecompassing 'Phone hacking scandle' that hit News International (amongst others). It wasn't digital that did for the NOTW - although mobiles are now the ubiquitous platform of choice - but you could argue that it's a defining point for journalism in the 21st century.http://news.bbcimg.co.uk/media/images/53976000/jpg/_53976711_012417960-1.jpghttp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-14098482http://m.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-14070733http://news.bbcimg.co.uk/media/images/53976000/jpg/_53976711_012417960-1.jpg
8/6/2011 0:00:00Twitter's CNN momentAccording to Matt Rossof : "Remember CNN when the Gulf War started in 1990? Before then, it was watched mostly by obsessive news followers -- people in finance and government, political science professors, insomniacs. Then Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait and suddenly CNN was everywhere. Even in bars. That's what's going to happen with Twitter after tonight's announcement that U.S. Special Forces killed Osama Bin Laden in Abbottabad, a Pakistani city about two hours from the capital Islamabad." Perhaps the event is as memorable on Twitter terms for the way the event was captured, although he didn't know it, in realtime by Sohaib Athar (@ReallyVirtual) http://images.politico.com/global/click/110502_osama_twitter_522_scrngrb_regular.jpghttp://www.mediabistro.com/alltwitter/death-osama-bin-laden-twitter_b7922http://www.businessinsider.com/twitter-just-had-its-cnn-moment-2011-5http://images.politico.com/global/click/110502_osama_twitter_522_scrngrb_regular.jpg
8/6/2011 0:00:00UK RiotsProtests in Tottenham sparked by the killing of Mark Duggan by police on the 4th August 2011 soon escalated and spread through London and to other major UK cities. Social media played a key role in tracking, reporting and, according to some, fueling and organising the riots.The use of SM like Twitter and youtube to report during the events and try and put the riots in context (http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/london-riots) highlighted the power of the medium to mix data, multimedia, social media and journalism to create compelling and rich coverage.http://www.protestmusic.org/files/2012/04/UK-riots-2011.jpeghttp://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/london-riotshttp://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/series/reading-the-riotshttp://www.protestmusic.org/files/2012/04/UK-riots-2011.jpeg
8/29/2012 0:00:00Obama on RedditObama takes part in a Reddit “Ask Me Anything,” session. To many it's a defining 'pop culture' moment . For journalism it highlights Reddit as the kind of source that, in the past, may have been dismissed as lightweight or frivilous but journalists needed to reflect on how they engage with in future.http://i.imgur.com/oz0a7.jpghttp://www.poynter.org/latest-news/top-stories/187078/a-journalists-quick-guide-to-reddit-the-next-thing-you-have-to-learn/http://www.poynter.org/latest-news/top-stories/187078/a-journalists-quick-guide-to-reddit-the-next-thing-you-have-to-learn/http://i.imgur.com/oz0a7.jpg
11/6/2012 0:00:00Nate Silver and the US presidential electionWikipedia says SIlver " is an American statistician, sabermetrician, psephologist, and writer." but in 2012 he was the man who called the election, seemingly in contradicition to the experts and commentators, for Obama. He was right. A defining moment for data journalism?http://talkingpointsmemo.com/assets_c/2012/09/nate-silver-cropped-proto-custom_28.jpghttp://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com/http://www.poynter.org/latest-news/making-sense-of-news/194843/what-nate-silvers-success-says-about-the-4th-and-5th-estates/http://talkingpointsmemo.com/assets_c/2012/09/nate-silver-cropped-proto-custom_28.jpg
12/20/2012 0:00:00NYTimes publishes Snow FallThe Times's first bold leap into an experience-based feature, wholly separated from the rest of its site, has so far received an overwhelmingly positive reception online, with people on Twitter calling it both "beautiful" and "brilliant". And then came the whispers: is this the "future of online journalism"? http://blogs.dw-akademie.de/africa/files/snowfall-NYT.jpghttp://www.theatlanticwire.com/technology/2012/12/new-york-times-snow-fall-feature/60219/http://www.nytimes.com/projects/2012/snow-fall/#/?part=tunnel-creekhttp://blogs.dw-akademie.de/africa/files/snowfall-NYT.jpg
5/6/2013 0:00:00Edward Snowden and the NSAThe Guardian publishes the first of a series of articles (to be followed by a number of other publications) based on material from US defence contractor Edward Snowden. Like the Wikileaks story (2010), the process of obatining the information became as much a part of the story. Not only did the revelations spark a global political debate, but the broader debate on online security, net neutrality and investagative journalism, make this a touchstone for those working online. http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2013/6/23/1372015020195/Edward-Snowden-008.jpghttp://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/23/edward-snowden-nsa-files-timelinehttp://america.aljazeera.com/articles/multimedia/timeline-edward-snowden-revelations.html and http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/23/edward-snowden-nsa-files-timelinehttp://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2013/6/23/1372015020195/Edward-Snowden-008.jpg
8/6/2013 0:00:00Amazon founder buys Washington PostJeff Bezos buys the Washington Post for $250million. Media buyouts are not new but the fact that this was a personal purchase for Bezos and the idea that Amazon represents a 'successful' online company buying into the print world that makes this stand out. http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/About/General/2012/4/11/1334147459693/Amazon-chief-Jeff-Bezos-008.jpghttp://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/aug/05/jeff-bezos-expeditions-amazon-washington-posthttp://m.bbc.co.uk/news/business-23581085http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/About/General/2012/4/11/1334147459693/Amazon-chief-Jeff-Bezos-008.jpg
5/15/2014 0:00:00NYTimes Innovation report leaked. Media orgs will fall on any intel on the industry and their competitors but this leak to Buzzfeed (there they are again) of an internal review of the NYTimes' digital efforts was as notable for it's view of who the competition was as it was it's candid material. The material was analysed in minute detail by those inside and outside of the industry taking a chance to look behind the scenes of an international brand. http://m.c.lnkd.licdn.com/mpr/mpr/p/4/005/063/1ec/27be139.jpghttps://www.linkedin.com/today/post/article/20140526084607-63114846-30-marketing-lessons-from-the-new-york-times-innovation-reporthttp://www.buzzfeed.com/mylestanzer/exclusive-times-internal-report-painted-dire-digital-picture#167yhi5http://m.c.lnkd.licdn.com/mpr/mpr/p/4/005/063/1ec/27be139.jpg
8/10/2014 0:00:00Buzzfeed get £30million in venture captital funding to create 'preeminent media company'Investment firm Andreessen Horowitz pump $50million dollars into Buzzfeed seeing it as the “preeminent media company” in the future.. The news prompts debate around the difference between tech companies and media companies. Is there one? Are tech communities the future of media? Could we still call buzzfeed a startup?http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Media/Pix/pictures/2013/1/4/1357318749635/Buzzfeed-008.jpghttp://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/aug/11/buzzfeed-funding-media-andreessen-horowitzhttp://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/aug/11/buzzfeed-funding-media-andreessen-horowitzhttp://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Media/Pix/pictures/2013/1/4/1357318749635/Buzzfeed-008.jpg
8/14/2014 0:00:00James Foley MurderedUS Journalist James Foley,missing since his kidnap in Syria in November 2012, was murdered by Islamic State in Iraq and Syria and the graphic video of his death posted online. The video was a shocking reminder of the dangers of reporting modern conflict and the risks faced by journalists. It also threw in to sharp relief the debate about what was acceptable to show users, especially on social media. engaging everyone in questions about taste, decency and our responsibilities in a an age of social media reporting that moved beyond the role of the platfoms.http://i4.mirror.co.uk/incoming/article4076540.ece/alternates/s1023/James-Foley.jpghttp://i4.mirror.co.uk/incoming/article4076540.ece/alternates/s1023/James-Foley.jpghttp://www.freejamesfoley.org/http://i4.mirror.co.uk/incoming/article4076540.ece/alternates/s1023/James-Foley.jpg
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