"Dark Money Illuminated" Issue One Database of Dark Money Donors
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Column headerDescription
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Beneficiary Name
Name of the dark money organization that received this contribution
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Donor Name
Name of the individual donor or donor organization that contributed this money
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Donor Type
Issue One classified all identified donors into several categories — namely whether the donor or donor organization was an individual, company, labor union, nonprofit organization or political committee. See "Donor Type categories" below for more information.
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Timeframe
Certain contributions identified by Issue One came later than the end date of the beneficiary's most recent fiscal year. These contributions were flagged in this column with the letter "A" and omitted from calculations about the percentages of receipts connected to donors to ensure apples-to-apples comparisons.
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Amount
Amount contributed
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Amount Note
In some cases, primary source documents did not disclose the exact amount contributed, but rather stated that at least a certain amount was given
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Date or Date Range
Exact date, or date range, of the contribution. Some primary source documents listed the exact date of the contribution, while others listed only the fiscal year during which the contribution occurred.
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Source Data
Issue One classified all the primary source documents into several categories — including corporate filings, FEC filings, IRS Form 990 filings, filings with the Department of Labor, etc. See "Source Data categories" below for more inofrmation.
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Primary Source Link
Link to the primary source document, which typically is a link to the primary source document that Issue One uploaded to DocumentCloud.org
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Donor Type categoriesDescription
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501(c)(3) private foundation
An organization registered with the IRS under Sec. 501(c)(3) of the tax code as a private foundation
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501(c)(3) public charity
An organization registered with the IRS under Sec. 501(c)(3) of the tax code as a public charity
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501(c)(4) social welfare organization
An organization registered with the IRS under Sec. 501(c)(4) of the tax code as a social welfare organization
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501(c)(5) agricultural organization
An organization registered with the IRS under Sec. 501(c)(5) of the tax code as an agricultural organization
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501(c)(6) trade association
An organization registered with the IRS under Sec. 501(c)(6) of the tax code as a trade association
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501(c)(7) social club
An organization registered with the IRS under Sec. 501(c)(7) of the tax code as a social club
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527 committee
An organization registered with the IRS under Sec. 527 of the tax code that files reports about the money it raises and spends with the IRS
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CompanyA company
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Individual
An individual human being
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Labor union
An organization registered with the IRS under Sec. 501(c)(5) of the tax code as a labor union
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Political committee
An organization registered with the Federal Election Commission as a political committee that files reports about the money it raises and spends with the FEC
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TrustA trust
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Uncertain
In one case, it was unclear whether the money described in a corporate press release came from the company or its individual owners. A corporate spokesperson declined to confirm the source of this contribution, so the donor type category for this contribution was described as "uncertain."
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Source Data categories
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990
The primary source document is a Form 990 filed with the Internal Revenue Service
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8872
The primary source document is a Form 8872 filed with the Internal Revenue Service
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CA FPPC
The primary source document is a document that was obtained by, and released by, the California Fair Political Practices Commission
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Corporate filing
The primary source document is a corporate filing
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Corporate press release
The primary source document is a corporate press release
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DOL LM2
The primary source document is a Form LM-2 filed with the Department of Labor
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FEC
The primary source document is a form filed with the Federal Election Commission
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LD-203
The primary source document is a Form LD-203 filed with Congress by a registered lobbyist
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NRA publication
The primary source document is a publication of the National Rifle Association
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SEC
The primary source document is a form filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission
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See methodology for more details
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https://www.issueone.org/dark-money-methodology/
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Spreadsheet Key and Data Dictionary
All Dark Money Donors Identified by Issue One
45Committee Donors
60 Plus Association Donors
American Action Network Donors
American Future Fund Donors
Americans for Job Security Donors
Americans for Prosperity Donors
Americans for Tax Reform Donors
Crossroads GPS Donors
League of Conservation Voters Donors
National Rifle Association Donors
Patriot Majority USA Donors
Planned Parenthood Action Fund Donors
VoteVets Action Fund Donors
US Chamber of Commerce Donors
 
 
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