World Fire Fuel list (in progress) - Spark Fire Dance
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World Fire Fuel list
http://bit.ly/worldfirefuels

compiled by
Dan Miethke of Spark Fire Dance 
released under Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial license

Further information
https://www.sparkfiredance.com/2016/fuel-observations

Fuel workshop audio (free):
https://soundcloud.com/sparkfiredance/fire-fuels-workshop-at-phoenix-fire-convention-2019
FLASH POINT °CAvailabilityManufacturerNotesAssayCarbon Chain length
(The higher the chain # and flash point, the more complex and dangerous the soot)
OVERLY DANGEROUS INGREDIENTS, as liquid or vapour, in an amount of possible concern. *Note this is my guess!AROMATICS
(Ultra low aromatics is ESSENTIAL)
BENZENE
extremely carcinogenic
TOULENEN-HEXANE / HEXANECYCLOHEXANEXYLENEN-HeptaneAKATech sheetsMSDSOther Files
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ISOPARSIndex Isopar range
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ISOPAR C -8worldwide / industrialExxonmobilhereC7-C9N<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01
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ISOPAR E7worldwide / industrialExxonmobilDans low flash point favorite, used for DragonehereC7-C9N<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01Data_Sheet_Exxon Isopar E.pdfISOPAR E MSDS.pdfData_Sheet_Isopar_Fluid_E - USA 2016.pdf
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ISOPAR G41worldwide / industrialExxonmobilDans med/high flash point favorite, used for CirqueC9-C11N<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01Data_Sheet_Isopar_Fluid_G.pdfISOPAR G MSDS.pdf
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ISOPAR H54worldwide / industrialExxonmobilC11-C12N<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01Data_Sheet_Isopar_Fluid_H.pdf
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ISOPAR K57worldwide / industrialExxonmobilC11-C13N<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01Toyfluid 56?Data_Sheet_Isopar_Fluid_K.pdf
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ISOPAR L
64worldwide / industrialExxonmobilslight noticable odour as the flashpoint gets higher, Heavier vapours after extinguishing compared to GC11-C13N<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01Toy fluid 62? Firewater?Data_Sheet_Isopar_Fluid_L.pdfISOPAR L MSDS.pdfAlt MSDS Australia isoparL msds www.redox.com.txt
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ISOPAR M95worldwide / industrialExxonmobilDoes not burn wellC11-C16N (maybe heavy soot)<0.05<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01Data_Sheet_Isopar_Fluid_M.pdf
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ISOPAR V129worldwide / industrialExxonmobilImpractical flash point? then again UPLO is high (citation needed)C14-C19N (maybe heavy soot)<0.05<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01<0.01
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RETAIL
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ToyfluidsGER / Ships internationalSam feuershow shopRebranded Isopars?NAPhillips atmospheric testing summary inc Toyfluid 42
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FirewaterUK / FRA / OZFiretoys / Unicycle / JuggleartRebranded Isopars?
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Washbenzin2GermanyVARIOUSCommon german low flash point, like a cheap colemans with less hexane. Brands vary
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PRIMUS Powerfuel-49UK / Switzerland / Sweden / EUPRIMUS (sweden HQ)great low flash point option in europe. (Note new version just released 2017 not as good, has some odour)Maybe, N-Heptane VapourNNNNN10-25%Primus - power fuel MSDS.pdf
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COLEMANS Camping Fuel -18USAColemansgood, but 'up to' 25% hexane is a lot. possible long term health concern. Smell has a bite to ithereC5-C9Y?<0.001%up to 25%up to 15%White gasColemans MSDS.pdfTSD Coleman Fuel Meth Labs 10'8'03.pdf
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UPLO?USALamplight farmsMSDS listed flashpoint doesn't make sense (121c?) surely incorrect?!?hereC14-C16NLamplight Farms Ultra-Pure Lamp Oil MSDS.pdf
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ZIPPO Lighter Fluid
/ Premium / Blend C
-7worldwidegood worldwide availability, but has benzenepremium herepremium C7-C9
standard C6-C10
Yfrom <0.1% (Zippo Blend C) up to 2% Depending on blend<7%<3.5%<8%Zippo Lighter Fluid -Blend C - MSDS GHS-032013.pdfZIPPO_MSDS 2% benzene.pdf
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RONSONOL Lighter fluid5worldwidegood worldwide availability, but has hexanehereC6-C11Y??Hexane, 2-Methyl 3-4% weight
Hexane, 3-Methyl 3-4% weight
Ronsonol Lighter Fluid - MSDS GHS-072012.pdf
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Qlima Kristal - Retail isoparaffin>65BelgiumQlima"I've tried the blue sticker Qlima thing, it's fine, better than the cheap green one, but not so much better than the purple sticker one. it does smell petrol a little bit and smoke is gray - similar than our usual indoor fuel." - Ima, Manda LightsDoesn't appear so. One of the most comprehensive MSDS sheets I've ever seen!Aromatics before fiscal dye) %/wt max. 0.007https://www.qlima.com/product-media/2587/Product%20Sheet/ps_Qlima_2015_uk_Kristal_PET_20L.pdf?index=0https://www.qlima.com/product-media/2587/SD%20Sheet/42837_en_CLP_134_ATP4_rev0001_Qlima%20Kristal.pdf?index=13"Thanks to a different raw material at the source and a different production process, Qlima Kristal has an aromatics concentration of 0.007% maximum"
"Produced on basis of gas-to-liquid (GTL) process"
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Fakir BenzinGermany Sam feuershow shopEvaporates too quickly to use on a warm night, faster evap than ANY other fuel we've tried
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ESSENCE F7Francegood, would like to know more about its particular constituents, has a little bite in the odourC7-C9?< 0.01 %ESSENCE F MSDS.pdfEssence F Fiche Tech.pdf
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ESSENCE C-12FranceC6-C7maybe, up to 5% hexane, not much compared to colemans?<5% n- hexaneFUEL_ESSENCE_C MSDS.pdf
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KERDANE France - 1L, 5L, 20Lavailable in a range of flashpoints. Smelly, some brands/types worse than others? Essentially paraffin but slightly dearomitised so a bit betterC10-C13<2%Petrole dearomatise
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VELIND LAMPENÖL62GermanyVELIND AerosolUsed by the Fire-Space.com crew due to storage regulations. Heavy vapours after prop extinguished, some odour.
My lungs hurt, and I got a skin reaction from close contact/tracing
C10-C14<2%MSDS en_VELIND Lampenoel .pdfFIRESPACE LAMP OIL GER Sicherheitsdatenblatt_Velind_Lampenoel (1).pdf
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Charcoal Lighter fluidsvariesVarious/worldwidePicnic / Supagrill / HEBOften the only high flash point choices in UAE/Qatar/Kuwait/KSA/Mexico
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PRO / SFX
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ISOFLAMME12FranceProflammesystem / pyrofoliesgreat - professional - Small amounts availNFDS 16 points Isoflamme.pdf
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PROFLAMME18FranceProflammesystem / pyrofoliesgreat - professional - Small amounts availNFDS 16 points Proflamme.pdf
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AQUAFLAMME30FranceProflammesystem / pyrofoliesgreat - professional - Small amounts availNFDS 16 points Aquaflamme.pdf
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BFK07-40worldwideELFUsed by Dragone productions previously0.7<0.1BFK 07 by ELF - Dragone Fuel.zip
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OTHER INDUSTRIAL
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SHELLSOL T / TK61Australia / worldwide / industrialShellgood high flashpoint option but more odour than the Isopar range<100 (mg/kg)<5 (mg/kg)shellsol t_eu_118.pdfShellsol_TK.pdf
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DUNASOL 180/22055HungaryHexanGora's recommendation0.50%<0.01DUNASOL_180.220.pdf
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IP15544FranceTotal FluidsLooks like an ISOPAR G equivalent from Total FranceC9 - C110Total Fluids Isoparrafin range
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SBP 100/1401GER/AUTShellUsed in Vienna, good but 5% hexanemaybe, up to 5% hexane, not much compared to colemas0.001%5%SpezialBenzinSpezialbenzin 100I140 Datasheet-.pdfSpecial_Benzin_100_140_MSDS (GB-2.pdf
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RECOSOL G40AustraliaRochem Brisbane
http://www.recochem.com.au/
Matt Askey has used it and doesn't remember it being super clean<100ppmIndustrial_Recosol_G_PDS_Apr10.pdfRecosol_G MSDFS_v5
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ROCOPAR G (perhaps now renamed recosol G)40AustraliaRochem Brisbane
http://www.recochem.com.au/
Smaller amounts dragonmill.com.au
Aparantly Custom refined Isopar G (TBC), Rustys recommendationSEE ABOVE
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AMSOL TX6MalaysiaAmoilBurns orange, not as brightAmsol TX 6.docAmsol TX 6 MSDS.doc
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PEGASOL 3440New Zealand?MobilOut of production?
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SOLVENT 1141New ZealandC9-C12
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EXPERIMENTAL
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1-BUTANOLBurns like Ethanol, needs some isoparrafin mixed in to make visible flame, expensive
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2-BUTANOL24Alcohol.
Used in some liquid Flame Jets by pyrotechs
N2-Methyl-2-butanol, tert-Amyl alcohol MSDS 2-BUTANOL.pdf
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VM&P NAPHTHA10worldwideVM&P makes up 81% of Zippo lighter fluidhereBenzin, NaphthaVM&P Naphthamsds.pdf
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TOPSOL BF-20ThailandThaioilY?
N-Hexane 3-10%
3 - 10 %Topsol MSDS.pdf
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SARASOL 4042ShellHaven't tried. possible alternativeC10-14sarasol_40.pdfsarasol 40 singapore MSDS.rtf
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EXXOSOL
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AVOID
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KEROSENE / PARAFFINPLEASE DON'T Its toxic and smells really bad. Not good for you, your team, your audience or the global fire communities reputation.

Many a venue manager turns down a professional performer based on past experiences around these fuels.
Kerosene and Paraffin are aparantly used to induce tumors in rats for certain studies (citation needed)
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DIESEL / GASOLINE#Ghettoyes
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Aromatic toxicity details ---->http://www.toxipedia.org/display/toxipedia/Benzenehttp://www.toxipedia.org/display/toxipedia/Toluenehttp://www.toxipedia.org/display/toxipedia/Hexanehttp://www.toxipedia.org/display/toxipedia/cycloHexanehttp://www.toxipedia.org/display/toxipedia/XyleneToxipedia appears down..... See the authors free toxicology ebook here \/
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Acute exposure to benzene can lead to nervous system ailments such as dizziness, drowsiness, and eventual unconsciousness. Chronic exposure has more pernicious effects. Liver enzymes convert benzene to more toxic metabolites which can affect the bone marrow by crippling blood cell production , causing anemia, and can lead to leukemia.
It is also a known carcinogen and may lead to higher levels of leukemia.
High levels of toluene may affect kidney function.
Hexane is a neurotoxicant and exposure can cause numbness in the feet and hands and later weakness or numbness throughout the arms and legs.
Repeated exposure to hexane may have adverse health effects over the long term including decreased motor nerve conduction, changes in vision, and muscle weakness. Chronic exposure is only a worry if you constantly handle hexane or hexane containing solvents.


Acute exposure to large doses can affect the nervous system, and cyclohexane is a mild eye and skin irritant. Its long term toxicity is considered very lowLow levels of exposure to xylene have no known health effects to humans. However, high levels of exposure for short or long periods can cause headaches, lack of muscle coordination, dizziness, confusion, and changes in one's sense of balance.https://www.asmalldoseoftoxicology.org/s/A-Small-Dose-of-Toxicology-2nd-Edition.pdf
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NIOSH recommended exposure limit 100 ppm over an 8-hour workday
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