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ABOUT. This bibliography was created and is maintained by Carol Tilley, Associate Professor, School of Information Sciences, University of Illinois. It is a work in progress: it was last updated, April 21, 2023. For corrections, additions, or comments, please email me ctilley@illinois.edu or use the comment feature on this document. The suggested citation for this bibliography is Tilley, Carol L., Black Comics Readers & Reading in the US, 1930-1965 | Bibliography. Last updated: April 25, 2023. bit.ly/TilleyBlackComicsReadersSCOPE. The materials included here are primary and secondary sources that speak to the question of what it meant to be a Black person, living in the United States, reading comics in the mid-20th century. Items may be textual, visual, or verbal (e.g. oral history recording). The bibliography was inspired by a chapter I wrote about young comics readers; it is included in the 2023 book, Desegregating Comics: Debating Blackness in the Golden Age of American Comics, edited by Qiana Whitted and published by Rutgers UP. AVAILABILITY. Items may be available in other databases and/or repositories than those indicated. "Institutional library" designates the library at the college / university where the thesis or dissertation was completed. "General" indicates it may be available at a library near you.1 = Primary
2 = Secondary
3 = Incidental
4 = Other
C = Children
T = Teen
Y = Youth (mix of children and teens)
A = Adult
E = Editorial
M = Magazines / Comic books
N = Newspaper strips
O = Other
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Primary Author (Last Name, First Name)PoCYearTitleTypeComplete Bibliographic InfoAvailability (URI, DOI, etc)NotesFocusSubjectsFormat
3
Miller, George RolandN1943
Adolescent Negro Education in Delaware - A Study of the Negro Secondary School and Community (exclusive of Wilmington)
EdD Thesis
Miller, George Roland. "Adolescent Negro Education in Delaware - A Study of the Negro Secondary School and Community (exclusive of Wilmington)." Ed.D. Thesis. New York University, 1943.
ProQuest Dissertations & Theses GlobalBroad category3TMN
4
Abraham, WillardN1952
The Reading Choices of College Students
Journal
Abraham, Willard. 1952. "The Reading Choices of College Students." Journal of Educational Research, 45:6, 459-465.
www.jstor.org/stable/27529389.Broad category2TAMN
5
Hill, George EN1940
Children's Interests in Comic Strips
Journal
Hill, George E., and M. Estelle Trent. 1940. Children's Interests in Comic Strips. Journal of Education Research, 34:1, 30-36.
ProQuest
Specific titles; majority of subjects were Black
1CN
6
Wallace, Elsie HillY1960
Selected Out-of-School Factors that Affect Negro Elementary School Children
Journal
Wallace, Elsie Hill. 1960. "Selected Out-of-School Factors that Affect Negro Elementary School Children." Journal of Educational Research, 54:4, 137-140
www.jstor.org/stable/27530402Broad category2CM
7
Witty, PaulN1945
Interest in Reading the Comics Among Negro Children
Journal
Witty, Paul, and Dorothy Moore. 1945. "Interest in Reading the Comics Among Negro Children." Journal of Educational Psychology, 36:5, 303-308.
DOI: 10.1037/h0058512Specific titles1YMN
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Young, Consuelo C.1944
A Study of Reader Attitudes toward the Negro Press
Journal
Young, Consuelo C. 1944. "A Study of Reader Attitudes toward the Negro Press." Journalism & Mass Media Quarterly, 21:2.
DOI: 10.1177/107769904402100205Broad category3AN
9
Terrell, Charles H.Y1943
Likes New Speed Jaxon Comic Strip
Letter
Terrell, Charles H. 1943. [Likes New Speed Jaxon Comic Strip]. Letter. Chicago Defender (National), January 9: 14.
ProQuest Historic NewspapersSpecific title 1AN
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Webb, JohnY1956
Wants Negro Comics
Letter
Webb, John, and the Rest of the West Side Group. [Wants Negro Comics]. Letter. Chicago Defender, March 7: 11.
ProQuest Historic NewspapersGeneral1AN
11
Allen, Derotha FieldsY1949
The Leisure Time Activities of a Selected Group of Negro Girls
MA/MS Thesis
Allen, Derotha Fields. "The Leisure Time Activities of a Selected Group of Negro Girls." MS Thesis. University of Southern California, 1949.
https://digitallibrary.usc.edu/Broad category3TMN
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Bivens, Sarah LeanY1954
A Comparative Study of the Reading Interests of the Fourth and Fifth Grade Pupils of the Risley Elementary School, Brunswick, Georgia and Fourth and Fifth Grade Pupils of Sterling Consolidated School, Glynn County, Sterling, Georgia, 1953-1954
MA/MS Thesis
Bivens, Sarah Lean. "A Comparative Study of the Reading Interests of the Fourth and Fifth Grade Pupils of the Risley Elementary School, Brunswick, Georgia and Fourth and Fifth Grade Pupils of Sterling Consolidated School, Glynn County, Sterling, Georgia, 1953-1954." MA Thesis. Clark Atlanta University, 1954.
https://radar.auctr.edu/Specific titles2CMN
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Brown, Gwendolyn V.Y1960
The Communications Behavior of a Selected Number of Negro Adults Residing in Hawkinsville, Georgia
MA/MS Thesis
Brown, Gwendolyn V. "The Communications Behavior of a Selected Number of Negro Adults Residing in Hawkinsville, Georgia." MS Thesis. Clark Atlanta University, 1960.
https://radar.auctr.edu/Broad category2AMN
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Bussey, Juanita ChristineY1961
A Study of the Reading Interests of a Selected Group of Elementary School Children at the John M. Tutt Elementary School, Augusta, Georgia
MA/MS Thesis
Bussey, Juanita Christine. "A Study of the Reading Interests of a Selected Group of Elementary School Children at the John M. Tutt Elementary School, Augusta, Georgia." MA Thesis. Clark Atlanta University, 1961.
https://radar.auctr.edu/Specific titles2CMN
15
Carpenter, Mayme O.1948
Out-of-School Activities of Seventh and Eighth Grade Pupils
MA/MS Thesis
Carpenter, Mayme O. "Out-of-School Activities of Seventh and Eighth Grade Pupils." MS Thesis. University of Nebraska at Omaha, 1948.
ProQuest Broad category2TMN
16
Cole, Glossie J. Y1965
A Study of the Reading Interests and Habits of a Selected Group of High School Students at the North Gulfport High School, Gulfport, Mississippi, 1963-1964, 1965
MA/MS Thesis
Cole, Glossie J. "A Study of the Reading Interests and Habits of a Selected Group of High School Students at the North Gulfport High School, Gulfport, Mississippi, 1963-1964, 1965." MS Thesis. Clark Atlanta University, 1965.
https://radar.auctr.edu/Specific titles2TMN
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Faulkner, MarianY1954
A Survey of the Elementary Children's Interest in Comics at the Carver Consolidated School Forsyth County, North Carolina
MA/MS Thesis
Faulkner, Marian. A Survey of the Elementary Children's Interest in Comics at the Carver Consolidated School Forsyth County, North Carolina. MA Thesis. Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina, 1954.
Institutional librarySpecific titles1CMN
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Foote, Ethelyn M.N1940
Recreational Reading Habits of 462 Junior High Pupils in a Central Michigan City
MA/MS Thesis
Foote, Ethelyn M. "Recreational Reading Habits of 462 Junior High Pupils in a Central Michigan City." MA Thesis. Michigan State University, 1940.
https://d-legacy.lib.msu.edu/
Offers some generalizations for "negro" students
2AMN
19
Gray, Katherine WY1955
A study of the health and recreational facilities provided through the negro schools of Laurens County, Georgia, 1952 to 1954, 1955
MA/MS Thesis
Gray, Katherine W. A study of the health and recreational facilities provided through the negro schools of Laurens County, Georgia, 1952 to 1954, 1955. MS Thesis. Atlanta University, 1955.
https://radar.auctr.edu/Broad category3TMN
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Howard, Hayes Holt JrY1948
A Study of the Recreational Needs and Interests of 100 Upper Grade Students in the South Atlanta Junior High School for Negroes, 1948
MA/MS Thesis
Howards, Hayes Holt Jr. "A Study of the Recreational Needs and Interests of 100 Upper Grade Students in the South Atlanta Junior High School for Negroes, 1948." MS Thesis. Clark Atlanta University, 1948.
https://radar.auctr.edu/Broad category3TMN
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Ingram, W.H.Y1960
The Interests and Preferences of Selected Seventh Grade Pupils of Macon, Georgia, 1960
MA/MS Thesis
Ingram, W.H. "The Interests and Preferences of Selected Seventh Grade Pupils of Macon, Georgia, 1960." MA Thesis. Clark Atlanta University, 1960.
https://radar.auctr.edu/Specific titles2TMN
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Jones, Sam HenryY1955
Newspaper Reading Interest among Atlanta Negroes, 1955
MA/MS Thesis
Jones, Sam Henry. "Newspaper Reading Interest among Atlanta Negroes, 1955." MA Thesis. Clark Atlanta University, 1955.
https://radar.auctr.edu/Broad category3AN
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Madison, Vernetta AdleeY1947
A Study of Recreational Opportunities for Negro Children in Norfolk, Virginia
MA/MS Thesis
Madison, Vernetta Adlee. "A Study of Recreational Opportunities for Negro Children in Norfolk, Virginia." MS Thesis. Clark Atlanta University, 1947.
https://radar.auctr.edu/Broad category3TM
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McClellan, Margaret LyleN1947
A Survey of the Extent of Children's Interests in the Comics
MA/MS Thesis
McClellan, Margaret Lyle. "A Survey of the Extent of Children's Interests in the Comics." MS Thesis. Wayne State University, 1947.
ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global
Includes students from one school with a high "negro" enrollment
1YMN
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Morgan, Ollivette JonesY1945
A Study of the Recreational Interests and Needs of Negro Children of Galveston, Texas
MA/MS Thesis
Morgan, Ollivette Jones. "A Study of the Recreational Interests and Needs of Negro Children of Galveston, Texas." MS Thesis. Clark Atlanta University, 1945.
https://radar.auctr.edu/Broad category3YM
26
Mosley, Clara BeatriceY1957
A Study of the Magazine Reading of a Selected Group of Elementary School Children
MA/MS Thesis
Mosley, Clara Beatrice. "A Study of the Magazine Reading of a Selected Group of Elementary School Children." MA Thesis. Clark Atlanta University, 1957.
https://radar.auctr.edu/Specific titles2CMN
27
Thompson, Hobson JrY1958
A Study of the Communications Behavior of the Residents of Census Tract F-39, Atlanta, Georgia
MA/MS Thesis
Thompson, Hobson Jr. "A Study of the Communications Behavior of the Residents of Census Tract F-39, Atlanta, Georgia." MS Thesis. Clark Atlanta University, 1958.
https://radar.auctr.edu/Broad category3AMN
28
Washington, Nettie CalhounY1958
Reading Abilities and Reading Interests of Fourth Grade Pupils, 1958
MA/MS Thesis
Washington, Nettie Calhoun. "Reading Abilities and Reading Interests of Fourth Grade Pupils, 1958." MA Thesis. Clark Atlanta University, 1958.
https://radar.auctr.edu/Specific titles2CMN
29
Wesley, Ora GraeberY1957
An analytical study of comic books read by children in grades four to six, Carver High School, Kannapolis, North Carolina
MA/MS Thesis
Graber, Wesley. An analytical study of comic books read by children in grades four to six, Carver High School, Kannapolis, North Carolina. MA Thesis. North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College, 1957.
Institutional librarySpecific titles1CMN
30
White, Vivian1947
The Social Contributions of a Welfare Center for Negro Girls in the City of Los Angeles
MA/MS Thesis
White, Vivian. "The Social Contributions of a Welfare Center for Negro Girls in the City of Los Angeles." MA Thesis. University of Southern California, 1947.
https://digitallibrary.usc.edu/Broad category2YMN
31
Williams, Carolyn BrydieY1941
A Study of the Interests and Needs Of Thirty-Six Ninth Grade Pupils in the Atlanta University Laboratory High School and of the Implications of These Interests and Needs in Planning a Reading Program for the Grade and for Individual Pupils
MA/MS Thesis
Williams, Carolyn Brydie. "A Study of the Interests and Needs Of Thirty-Six Ninth Grade Pupils in the Atlanta University Laboratory High School and of the Implications of These Interests and Needs in Planning a Reading Program for the Grade and for Individual Pupils." MA Thesis. Clark Atlanta University, 1941.
https://radar.auctr.edu/
Includes individual sections about some subjects in which comic books are specifically mentioned
2TMN
32
Holton, Dorethea LouveniaY1954
A study of voluntary reading interests of the fifth grade pupils at Jonesboro and Washington Street Schools
MA/MS Thesis.
Holton, Dorethea Louvenia. A study of voluntary reading interests of the fifth grade pupils at Jonesboro and Washington Street Schools. MS Thesis. North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College, 1954.
Institutional libraryBroad cateogry2CMN
33
Baraka, AmiriY1984
The Autobiography of LeRoi Jones
Monograph
Baraka, Amiri. 1984. The Autobiography of LeRoi Jones. Freundlich.
GeneralIndividual4YMN
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Burshstein, Karen2003
Walter Dean Myers
Monograph
Burshstein, Karen. 2003. Walter Dean Myers. Rosen.
GeneralIndividual4YM
35
Hendrix, LeonY2012
Jimi Hendrix: A Brother's Story
Monograph
Hendrix, Leon, and Adam Mitchell. 2012. Jimi Hendrix: A Brother's Story. Macmillan.
GeneralIndividual4YM
36
Holmes, Linda Janet2014
Toni Cade Bambera: Writer and Activist
Monograph
Holmes, Linda Janet. Toni Cade Bambara: Writer and Activitist. Greenwood.
GeneralIndividual4YM
37
Lazar, MayN1937
Reading Interests, Activities, and Opportunities of Bright, Average, and Dull Children
Monograph
Lazar, May. 1937. Reading Interests, Activities, and Opportunities of Bright, Average, and Dull Children. Teachers College, Columbia university.
HathiTrust
Broad category; while Black student are included in the sample, data is not presented by race.
2CN
38
Lorde, AudreY1982
Zami: A New Spelling of My Name
Monograph
Lorde, Audre. 1982. Zami: A New Spelling of My Name. Random House.
GeneralIndividual4YM
39
Sterner, Alice P.1947
Radio, Motion Picture, and Reading Interests: A Study of High School Pupils
Monograph
Sterner, Alice P. 1947.Radio, Motion Picture, and Reading Interests: A Study of High School Pupils. Teachers College/Columbia University.
HathiTrust
Specific titles; while Black student are included in the sample, data is not presented by race.
2TAMN
40
Writers' Program. Works Progress AdministrationU1940
The Negro in Virginia
Monograph
Writers' Program. Works Progress Administration. 1940. The Negro in Virginia. Hastings House.
HathiTrustBroad category.3AN
41
Barrow, John1955
Here's a Picture of Emmett Till Painted by Those Who Knew Him
News
Barrow, John. 1955. "Here's a Picture of Emmett Till Painted by Those Who Knew Him." The Defender (Chicago, National Edition), October 1.
ProQuest Historic NewspapersIndividual4TM
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Abraham, WillardN1950
Reading Choices of College Students
PhD Dissertation
Abraham, Willard. "Reading Choiices of College Students" Ph.D. Thesis. Northwestern University, 1951.
ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global
Includes Fisk University as one site
2TAMN
43
Smith, Oliver RollinN1951
A Study of Printed Mass Media Circulation and Radio Receiver Ownership Patterns in the United States, 1950
PhD Dissertation
Smith, Oliver Rollin. "A Study of Printed Mass Media Circulation and Radio Receiver Ownership Patterns in the United States, 1950." PhD Dissertation. University of Iowa, 1951.
ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global
Infers readership by state using designation white/non-white
2TAM
44
Theman, ViolaN1942
A Follow-Up Study of Negro Youth of Superior Intelligence
PhD Dissertation
Theman, Viola. "A Follow-Up Study of Negro Youth of Superior Intelligence". Ph.D. Dissertation. Northwestern University, 1942.
ProQuest Dissertations & Theses GlobalBroad category3TMN
45
Zeliff, Viola TompkinsN1946
A Survey of the Reading Background of Freshman Students of the Class of 1949 at the New Jersey State Teachers College at Jersey City
PhD Dissertation
Zeliff, Viola Tompkins. "A Survey of the Reading Background of Freshman Students of the Class of 1949 at the New Jersey State Teachers College at Jersey City." PhD Dissertation. New York University, 1946.
ProQuest Dissertations & Theses GlobalSpecific titles2TAMN
46
Delano, Jack1940
Negro children reading the comics on Sunday morning, Durham, North Carolina
Photograph
Delano, Jack. 1940. [Negro children reading the comics on Sunday morning, Durham, North Carolina]. Photograph. Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection (Library of Congress).
www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2017747702/Individual4YN
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Grossman, Sid1939
Harlem Newspaper Stand
Photograph
Grossman, Sid. 1939. Harlem Newspaper Stand. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Photographs and Prints Division.
digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/75ece515-a2ae-388d-e040-e00a180601f1
Individual; comics visible in top right; dates to mid-June 1939
4OM
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Harris, TeenieY1941
Young Woman Holding Vogue magazine, Standing in Front of Magazine Stand with Comic Books and October 27, 1941 issue of Life Magazine
Photograph
Harris, Teenie. 1940-1946c. [Young Woman Holding Vogue magazine, Standing in Front of Magazine Stand with Comic Books and October 27, 1941 issue of Life Magazine]. Photograph. Carnegie Museum of Art, Charles “Teenie” Harris Archive.
collection.cmoa.org/objects/075a70bc-83b5-4ee7-be4a-e383eff71fb3
Individual (although they are not reading comics); comics in background have cover dates from July and Auugust 1942.
4TM
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Harris, TeenieY1946
Girl reading “Mickey Mouse and the Submarine Pirates” comic book with small dog lying across her lap, in George Harris’s confectionery store, 2121 Wylie Avenue, Hill District
Photograph
Harris, Teenie. 1947. [Girl reading “Mickey Mouse and the Submarine Pirates” comic book with small dog lying across her lap, in George Harris’s confectionery store, 2121 Wylie Avenue, Hill District]. Photograph. Carnegie Museum of Art, Charles “Teenie” Harris Archive
collection.cmoa.org/objects/c0c9fc36-1f44-4f08-ad24-6fdc69f61a30
Individual; Wonder Comics has a cover date of April 1947
4CM
50
Harris, TeenieY
1935-1945c
Two images: a woman with a magazine in a newsstand, and men and woman playing cards
Photograph
Harris, Teenie. 1935-1945c. [Two images: a woman with a magazine in a newsstand, and men and woman playing cards]. Photograph. Carnegie Museum of Art, Charles “Teenie” Harris Archive
collection.cmoa.org/objects/fbc231a7-592e-4452-aabe-f679e3f13cfb
Individual; Thrilling Comics in photo has a cover date of December 1948
4TM
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Harris, TeenieY
1935-1970c
Amanda Nelson standing with her daughter in front of storefront, possibly Pat’s Bookstore on Wylie Avenue, with copies of Life and Vogue magazines and comic books: Billy West, Tim Holt, Black Cat, and others
Photograph
Harris, Teenie. 1935-1970c. [Amanda Nelson standing with her daughter in front of storefront, possibly Pat’s Bookstore on Wylie Avenue, with copies of Life and Vogue magazines and comic books: Billy West, Tim Holt, Black Cat, and others]. Photograph. Carnegie Museum of Art, Charles “Teenie” Harris Archive.
collection.cmoa.org/objects/39b3dfee-18c8-44a2-9221-1f63ef793590
Individual (although they are not reading comics); comics in background have cover dates from June and July 1950
4CM
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Harris, TeenieY
1940-1946c
Boy with Bandaged Thigh Standing on Hospital Bed with Nurse Holding Comic Book Standing Beside Him
Photograph
Harris, Teenie. 1940-1946c. [Boy with Bandaged Thigh Standing on Hospital Bed with Nurse Holding Comic Book Standing Beside Him]. Photograph. Carnegie Museum of Art, Charles “Teenie” Harris Archive.
collection.cmoa.org/objects/d4a4ae5e-bdf4-4f25-9e46-c1ded853f656
Individual; top comic on bed appears to be a Harvey Dotty Dripple issue.
4CM
53
Harris, TeenieY
1940-1970c
Two frames: Blurry neon cigarette sign, and woman wearing short sleeved sweater standing in a newsstand
Photograph
Harris, Teenie. 1940-1970c. [Two frames: Blurry neon cigarette sign, and woman wearing short sleeved sweater standing in a newsstand]. Photograph. Carnegie Museum of Art, Charles “Teenie” Harris Archive
collection.cmoa.org/objects/152f3287-3ade-4867-9fd8-c5d522d776e8
Individual (although they are not reading comics); Crack Western has a cover date of May 1952, Captain Marvel Jr., April 1952.
4YM
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Harris, TeenieY
1945-1955c
Group portrait of three young women, including young woman on left with short hair, wearing eyeglasses, and light colored striped top, holding magazine in left hand, standing in interior with sofa, door on right, and ship painting on light colored walls
Photograph
Harris, Teenie. 1945-1955c. [Group portrait of three young women, including young woman on left with short hair, wearing eyeglasses, and light colored striped top, holding magazine in left hand, standing in interior with sofa, door on right, and ship painting on light colored walls]. Photograph. Carnegie Museum of Art, Charles "Teenie" Harris Archive.
collection.cmoa.org/objects/88af39c8-d11d-4257-a4fd-f89046ee4c79
Individual; person in center appears to be holding a comic book.
4TM
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Harris, TeenieY
1945-1960
Eight boys seated and reading comic books, with four men standing in background looking at Pittsburgh Post-Gazette newspaper with headline “Allies Open New Reich Drive,” gathered in interior with “Pittsburgh Post Gazette” written near ceiling
Photograph
Harris, Teenie. 1945-1960c. [Eight boys seated and reading comic books, with four men standing in background looking at Pittsburgh Post-Gazette newspaper with headline “Allies Open New Reich Drive,” gathered in interior with “Pittsburgh Post Gazette” written near ceiling]. Photograph. Carnegie Museum of Art, Charles “Teenie” Harris Archive
collection.cmoa.org/objects/fc0fab93-f989-497e-a3b7-e03547f9f3c2
Individual4YM
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Harris, TeenieY
1950-1965c
Two boys, one wearing light colored short sleeved sweater with triangular pattern, holding newspaper reading “Courier Magazine Section,” seated in domestic interior with covered table, chair, and cabinets in background
Photograph
Harris, Teenie. 1950-1965cc. [Two boys, one wearing light colored short sleeved sweater with triangular pattern, holding newspaper reading “Courier Magazine Section,” seated in domestic interior with covered table, chair, and cabinets in background]. Photograph. Carnegie Museum of Art, Charles “Teenie” Harris Archive
collection.cmoa.org/objects/fe860e16-afc2-488c-a4b0-58979e5f2640
Individual; Courier Magazine Section included several pages of the newspaper's comics
4YN
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Harris, TeenieY1950c
Portrait of a boy holding suitcase and Roy Rogers comic book in doorway of bus
Photograph
Harris, Teenie. 1950c. [Portrait of a boy holding suitcase and Roy Rogers comic book in doorway of bus]. Photograph. Carnegie Museum of Art, Charles “Teenie” Harris Archive
collection.cmoa.org/objects/7bf5c462-5ae3-437c-ad68-d3b4da96850a
Individual; Roy Rogers comic appears to be December 1949 issue
4CM
58
Indianapolis RecorderY1947
Girls at the Recorder Picnic
Photograph
Girls at the Recorder Picnic [Photograph]. Indianapolis Recorder Collection, Indiana Historical Society. 4 September 1948
cdm16797.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/p0303/id/117
Individual4TM
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McNeill, Robert H.Y1941
Kids on "T" Street Reading Funnies
Photograph
McNeill, Robert H. 1941. Kids on "T" Street Reading Funnies. Museum of Modern Art.
www.moma.org/collection/works/186083
Individual; More Fun issue is dated August 1939
4YM
60
Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission 195-c
Farish Street Newsstand and studio
Photograph
Mississippi State Sovreignty Commission. 195-. Farish Street Newsstand and Studio. Mississippi Department of Archives and History.
da.mdah.ms.gov/sovcom/photo.php?display=item&oid=13
Individual (although no one is reading comics); titles appear to date from 1952 or 1953.
4YAM
61
Palfi, Marion
1946-1948
Detroit, Wayne County Juvenile Detention Home and Jail
Photograph
Palfi, Marion. 1946-1948. [Detroit, Wayne County Juvenile Detention Home and Jail]. Photograph. Center for Creative Photography, University of Arizona, Marion Palfi Archive
ArtStor
Individual; both individuals in the center of the photo appear to be reading comics
4YM
62
Parks, GordonY1942
Washington, D.C. Negro Youth Reading a Funny Paper on a Door Step in the Southwest Section,
Photograph
Parks, Gordon. [Washington, D.C. Negro Youth Reading a Funny Paper on a Door Step in the Southwest Section] Photograph. November 1942. Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection (Library of Congress).
www.loc.gov/item/2017839541/Individual4TM
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Parks, GordonY1950
Girl Reading Comic on Bench, while Man Looks On
Photograph
Parks, Gordon. [Girl Reading Comic on Bench, while Man Looks On]. Photograph. 1950.
Part of Parks' Fort Scott, Kansas, series
Individual; found online
4CM
64
Rosskam, Edwin1941
Untitled photo, possibly related to: Entrance to Negro professional building, 47th Street, Chicago, Illinois
Photograph
Rosskam, Edwin. 1941. [Untitled photo, possibly related to: Entrance to Negro professional building, 47th Street, Chicago, Illinois]. Photograph. Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection (Library of Congress)
www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/fsa/item/2017729381/
Individual; they are reading the Captain Battle story in Silver Streak #10 (May 1941)
4CM
65
Bell, Bernice W.1933
A Scientific Study of the Voluntary Reading of Fifth Grade Children, White and Colored, in the Public Schools of Louisville, Kentucky.
Report
Bell, Bernice W. 1932. "A Scientific Study of the Voluntary Reading of Fifth Grade Children, White and Colored, in the Public Schools of Louisville, Kentucky." Louisville Free Public Library and Bureau of Research, Louisville Public Schools.
HathiTrust
Broad category; data for Black readers is completely separate and includes some case studies.
2CN
66
Hauser, Paul M.1952
Rural Reading Habits. A Study of County Library Planning. Prince Georges County, Md.
Report
Hauser, Paul M., Robert E. Galloway, and Harold Hoffsommer. 1952. "Rural Reading Habits. A Study of County Library Planning. Prince Georges County, Md." Bulletin A69. Agricultural Experiment Station. University of Maryland.
HathiTrustBroad category3AN
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