Prairie Grove 1st Grade Phonetic Connections Scope & Sequence
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Build Up Kit: 1st Grade
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WeekPhonics and Word Recognition RF.1.3
See Link below for mouth picture correlations for each unit
Phonemic Awareness RF.1.2
(Supplement with Heggerty book)
Added words due to Decoding Standard 2 Syllable Words/ Decoding RF.1.3F L.1.2D Decodable TextFry's High Frequency Words RF.1.3C Teaching NotesResources
MSRC (Multisyllable Routine Cards)
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https://docs.google.com/document/d/1jjHNGwXVxoc_hS1dzrxigPJiLvLB4weYhxBobAGv8Q0/edit?usp=sharing
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1Review short vowels and consonants: Lessons 1-5At the Mat, Am I in It?, Can It Fit?, Pets, Bugsthe, of, andAdd syllable language for closed syllables. "When a vowel is followed by one or more consonants, the syllable is closed and it says the short vowel sound."
Spend a lot of time manipulating sounds.


Start syllable anchor chart.
Use smiling vowels and blue consonant chips for spelling with elkonin boxes. The elkonin boxes will continue each week not as a scaffold but as explicit representations of the sounds in the complex words.
* Video 1: blendsVideo 2: Decoding 2-syllable words VCCV words
Use closed syllable hand motion (MSRC-closed fist)
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2Review short vowels and consonants: Lessons 6-10VCCV Syllabication cobweb, picnic, hiccupAm I Sad?, Fun in the Sun, Is Bob Big?, Did It Beg?, My Pet Pupa, to, in, is
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BOY: Administer the DSA: LN & WW (as needed)
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3Unit 1: l-family blends*onset/rimezigzag, magnet, tabletCliff
Sight Words: ball, dog, say
you, that, itStart talking about position (initial, medial, final)Use Elkonin Boxes
Use closed syllable hand motion (MSRC-closed fist)
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4Unit 2: r-family blends *onset/rime *blend & segment phonemeslapdog, sunlit, pocketThe Crab
Sight Words: all, looking, says
he, was, for The FLOSS Rule: When /f/ /l/ /s/ or /z/ is heard after a short vowel at the end of a one-syllable word, it is spelled with a double ff, ll, ss or zz. Example: Jeff will miss the fizz in the lab.* Video 3: FLOSS Rule and (ng)
Use Elkonin Boxes
Use closed syllable hand motion (MSRC-closed fist)
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5Unit 3: s-family blends *sound substitutionbasket, tidbit, muffinThe Red Sled
Sight Words: his, that
on, are, asUse Elkonin Boxes
Use closed syllable hand motion (MSRC-closed fist)
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6Unit 4: Final s-family blends *final s-family blends
*identify final sounds
*blend onset and rime
rotten, trumpet, atticThe Bad Pest
Sight Words: could, wasp, wasp's
with, his, theyUse Elkonin Boxes
Use closed syllable hand motion (MSRC-closed fist)
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7Unit 11: Open Syllable (Review from K)*identify ending vowel soundnapkin, hatbox, rabbitJo and Me
Sight Words: car, long, walk, when, sometimes
I, at, beWhen a word or syllable ends with a single vowel, it says its long sound.
*Video 4: Open Syllables
Use Elkonin Boxes
Use open syllable hand motion (MSRC-open hand)
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8Unit 5: Final consonant clusters
-nd, -nt
*identify final sounds (consonant clusters)
*blend and segment onset and rime
*initial sound substitution
suspend, upset, kidnapFrank and Brent
Sight Words: likes, new, plays
this, have, fromWhen the /m/ and /n/ are after a vowel, the nasal consonants distort the vowel sound.
Teach as word families.
Use Elkonin Boxes
Use closed syllable hand motion (MSRC-closed fist)
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9Unit 5: Final consonant clusters
-nk, -ng
*identify final sounds (consonant clusters)
*blend and segment onset and rime
*initial sound substitution
submit, locketFrank and Brent
Sight Words: likes, new, plays
or, one, had/ng/ is a back nasal sound that is blocked in the back of the throat. Ng is a digraph because it is two letters that make one sound. N before k (/ng//k/) is also a back nasal that is blocked in the back of the throat. All nasals are voiced. Nk is not a digraph because you hear both the back nasal sound and the /k/ sound. When a vowel is followed by a back nasal, the back nasal distorts the vowel sound. Discuss the -ank, -ink
Teach as word families.
Use Elkonin Boxes
Use closed syllable hand motion (MSRC-closed fist)
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10Unit 6: Final consonant clusters -ft, -lt*identify final sounds (consonant clusters)
*blend and segment onset and rime
*initial sound substitution
disgust, musket, commentAt Camp
Sight Words: make
by, words, butUse Elkonin Boxes
Use closed syllable hand motion (MSRC-closed fist)
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11Unit 6: Final consonant clusters -lp, -mp*identify final sounds (consonant clusters)
*blend and segment onset and rime
*initial sound substitution
index, optic, mascotAt Camp
Sight Words: make
not, what, allUse Elkonin Boxes
Use closed syllable hand motion (MSRC-closed fist)
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12Unit 7: 3 Letter Blends*identify 3-letter blends *blend and segment phonemes *initial sound substitution septic, plastic, nutmegScram, Cat!
Sight Words: does, need
were, we, whenUse Elkonin Boxes
Use closed syllable hand motion (MSRC-closed fist)
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Common Assessment Units 1-7 Initial and Final Blends (created decoding/encoding assessment)
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13Unit 8: CVCe long a (RF.1.3B)*identify long a *medial sound substitution *differentiate medial soundsVCCV with scooping and grouping blends and diagraphs bankrupt, entrap, instepA Cake for Nateyour, can, saidCompare/contrast long aCe with previous short a words *Video 5: Magic e/Silent e syllable type
*Video 6: VCCV with scooping and grouping of blends and digraphs

Use Elkonin Boxes
Use VCe syllable hand motion (MSRC-peace sign)
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14Unit 9: CVCe long o (RF.1.3B)*identify long o *medial sound substitution *differentiate medial soundshumdrum, congress, constantHome With Mom and Dad
Sight Words: back, too
there, use, anCompare/contrast long oCe with previous open /o/ and short /o/ words Use Elkonin Boxes
Use VCe syllable hand motion (MSRC-peace sign)
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15Unit 10: CVCe long i (RF.1.3B)*identify long i *medial sound substitution *differentiate medial soundsdisgust, septic, mistrustOne to Five
Sight Words: one, three
each, which, sheCompare/contrast long iCe, previous open /i/ and short /i/ wordsUse Elkonin Boxes
Use VCe syllable hand motion (MSRC-peace sign)
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Common Assessment Units 8-10 VCe words (created decoding/encoding assessment)
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16Unit 12: Final digraph -ck (RF.1.3A)*identify final sounds (k)
*identify medial sounds
*final sound substitution
backpack, spandex, unpackRocks, Rocks, Rocks
do, how, theirdigraph- two letters that make one sound. The digraph ck always follows a short vowel sound at the end of a syllable.* Video 7: consonant digraphs (ck) (ch) (sh) (th) & combination (wh)
Use Elkonin Boxes
Use closed syllable hand motion (MSRC-closed fist)
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17Unit 13: Digraphs ch, sh (RF.1.3A)*identify initiall and final digraph sounds
*differentiated final sounds
*initial sound substituation
dishpan, flashback, chopstickIn the Sunshine
Sight Words: were, your
if, will, up/ch/ shares the same mouth placement with /j/, /ch/ is unvoiced while /j/ is voiced; /sh/ is also unvoiced Use Elkonin Boxes
Use closed syllable hand motion (MSRC-closed fist)
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18Unit 14: Digraphs th, wh (RF.1.3A)*identify initial sounds
*differentiate final sounds
*initial sound substitution
bathmat, kingpin, insect,ethnicWhat Do You Think?
Sight Words: or, some, something, what
other, about, out/th/ is its own voiced and unvoiced pair; The spelling th represents two sounds: the voiced /th/ as "this", and the unvoiced as in "thin". /wh/ is a combination- two letters that make an unexpected sound = (h)(w)Use Elkonin Boxes
Use closed syllable hand motion (MSRC-closed fist)
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Common Assessment Units 12-14 Digraphs (created decoding/encoding assessment) Administered before Christmas break
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MOY: Administer the DSA: LN & WW (as needed) Adminstered in January
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19Unit 15: Long a digraphs (RF.1.3B)*identify long vowel sounds
*differentiate long vowel sounds
*medial sound substitutions
Review VCCV and VCCV scooping and grouping blends and digraphs 2 syllable words Review Closed, Open, and VCe single syllablePlay This Game With Me
many, then, theseCommon Spelling Rule: When determining ai versus ay: ai is used in initial or medial position and ay is at the end. With this lesson it is focused specifically on digraphs that say long a.
Note:
aCe is used most often in medial position
*Video 8: Spelling Rules vs. Reading Rules and Vowel Team Syllable
Use Elkonin Boxes
For spelling tests, focus on the most common digraph a patterns: ai and ay.
Use vowel team syllable hand motion (MSRC-index and pointer finger side by side)
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20Unit 16: Long o digraphs (RF.1.3B)* identify long vowel sounds
*differentiate long vowel sounds
*medial sound substitution
Review VCCV and VCCV scooping and grouping blends and digraphs 2 syllable words Review Closed, Open, and VCe single syllable Show Me!them, so, someCommon Spelling Rule: oa is found in initial or medial positions, ow is found in medial positon or final position, and oe is found in final.
Note: oCe is used most often in medial position, while "o" is most often found in final position as an open syllable or in words that end in -ost, -old, -olt (these are known as Wild Old Words). Contrast Wild Old Words with closed syllable words to pick out the pattern.
Use Elkonin Boxes
For spelling tests, focus on the most common digraph o patterns: oa and oe as well as Wild Old Words.
Use vowel team syllable hand motion (MSRC-index and pointer finger side by side)
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21Unit 17: Long e digraphs (RF.1.3B)*identify long e vowel sounds
*differentiate long vowel sounds
*medial sound substitution
Review VCCV and VCCV scooping and grouping blends and digraphs 2 syllable words Review Closed, Open, and VCe single syllableWill It Eat?her, would, makeCommon Spelling Rule: digraphs ee and ea are found about equally in the English language, however, ee is always regular for reading. Use Elkonin Boxes
For spelling tests, mix in long vowel /ee/ teams (ee/ea) with short vowel /e/. That way you can assess their understanding of the team rather than just spelling the word correctly.
Use vowel team syllable hand motion (MSRC-index and pointer finger side by side)
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22Unit 18: Long i digraphs*identify long i vowel sounds
*blend and segment phonemes
*initial sound substitution
Review VCCV and VCCV scooping and grouping blends and digraphs 2 syllable words Review Closed, Open, and VCe single syllableA Sight to Seelike, him, intoCommon Spelling Rule: the digraphs for long /i/ found in this lesson are not regular for spelling. "I" in an open syllable (except at the end of a word where it changes to y/unit 19) and iCe are the most common spellings of the long /i/ sound.Use Elkonin Boxes
Focus on reading (no spelling test)
Use vowel team syllable hand motion (MSRC-index and pointer finger side by side)
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Common Assessment Units 15-18 Vowel Digraphs (created decoding/encoding assessment) Focus on most common spellings
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23Unit 19: y as a vowel*identify final vowel sounds
*final sound substitution
Introduce VCV syllabication rule: baby, tiny, happy, sunny, hilly, tummy, sandy, dusty, puppyI Will Trytime, has, lookVowel y says the long /i/ sound in an accented syllable (fly) and the long /e/ sound in an unaccented syllable (candy) *Video 9: Decoding VCV patterns
Use Elkonin Boxes
Since the spelling for the multisyllable words has more components than just the vowel y, focus only on reading (no spelling test).
Use open syllable hand motion (MSRC-open hand)
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24Unit 20: Variant vowel /ar/*identify medial sounds (variant vowels)
*differentiate medial sounds
*medial sound substitution
banjo, jello, daddy, bonusWhich Part?two, more, writear is regular for reading and spelling
Vr Syllable: When a single vowel is followed by the letter r, the r controls the vowel sound.
*Video 10: Vowel R syllable:
Use Elkonin Boxes
Focus on reading (no spelling test)
Use Vowel r syllable hand motion (MSRC-sign language for "r")
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25Unit 21: Variant vowel /ur/* identify medial sounds (variant vowels)
*differentiate medial sounds
*medial sound substitution
omit, presto, tummy, jellyMy Turn to Fit
Sight Words: chair, into
go, see, numberReading Rule: er, ir, and ur all say /er/.
Spelling Rule: er is the most common spelling for the /er/ sound. It is through more reading of texts and seeing these patterns that students will be able to know which spelling to use correctly. This will happen over time.
Use Elkonin Boxes
Focus on reading (no spelling test)
Use Vowel r syllable hand motion (MSRC-sign language for "r")
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26Unit 22: Variant vowel /or/*identify medial sounds (variant vowels)
*initial sound substitution
jumbo, combo, rockyMore Corn
Sight Words: as, tall
no, way, could"Or" is regular for reading and spellingUse Elkonin Boxes
Focus on reading (no spelling test)
Use Vowel r syllable hand motion (MSRC-sign language for "r")
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27Unit 23: r-controlled digraphs (VVR)*identify r-controlled vowels
*identify final sounds
*final sound substitution
daddy, robot, frozen, muddyI See! I Hear!
Sight Words: give
people, my, thenWhen Vr is contained within a syllable with a vowel team or vCe, the vowel team or vCe takes on their rule for reading. The spelling pattern is VVR, in which the vowels make the long sound followed by /r/.*Video 11: R controlled digraphs don't exist
Use Elkonin Boxes
Focus on reading (no spelling test)
Use vowel team syllable hand motion (MSRC-index and pointer finger side by side)
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28Unit 24: Variant vowel /ar/ (VRe and VVR)*identify r-controlled vowels
*identify final sounds
*final sound substitution
solo, tempo, nomad, luckyNo Caresfirst, water, beenThe spelling patterns are VRe and VVR, both of which have long vowel sounds followed by the influnencing /r/. Use Elkonin Boxes
Focus on reading (no spelling test)
Use vowel team syllable hand motion (MSRC-index and pointer finger side by side) and VCe syllable hand motion (MSRC-peace sign)
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29Unit 25: Variant vowel /oo/*identify medial sounds
(variant vowels)
*blend and segment phonemes
*initial sound substitution
raven, hotel, rodent, bunnyCan You See It, Too?
Sight Words: from
called, who, amReading Rule: oo, ue, ew all say long /oo/. Spelling Rule: oo is the most common spelling for this sound. Use Elkonin Boxes
Use vowel team syllable hand motion (MSRC-index and pointer finger side by side)
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31Unit 27: Variant vowel /oo/*identify medial sounds
(variant vowels)
*medial sound substitution
iris, silo, veto, clumsy, frilly, chillyA Good Cook
Sight Words: berry, these
its, now, fillCommon Spelling Rule: u is found most often for the /oo/ soundUse Elkonin Boxes
Use vowel team syllable hand motion (MSRC-index and pointer finger side by side)
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30Unit 26: Variant vowel /o/*identify medial sounds
(variant vowels)
*medial sound substitution
even, cupid, focus, sillyMeet Us Alllong, down, dayReading Rule: augh, a adjacent to w or l, aw, o, ough, au, and aw all say the /o/ sound.
Spelling Rule: o is the most common spelling for this sound.
Use Elkonin Boxes
Use vowel team syllable hand motion (MSRC-index and pointer finger side by side)
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Common Assessment Units 19-27 Variant Vowels (created decoding assessment) Focus on most common spellings
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32Unit 28: Diphthong /ou/*identify medial sounds
(diphthongs)
*medial sound substitution
basin, rotund, prefix, bonyNow We Draw
Sight Words: puts, word
did, get, comeDiphthongs are two vowels blended smoothly together in the same syllable. Common Spelling Rule: when you hear /ou/, in initial or medial position it is spelled ou and in final position it is spelled ow. If a single l, n, el or er follows the /ou/ sound at the end of a word use ow.*Video 12: Diphthongs
Use Elkonin Boxes
Focus on reading (no spelling test)
Use vowel team syllable hand motion (MSRC-index and pointer finger side by side)
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33Unit 29: Diphthong /oi/*identify medial sounds
(diphthongs)
*medial sound substitution
open, moment, evil, study, puppyA Day to Enjoymade, may, partDiphthongs are two vowels blended smoothly together in the same syllable. Common Spelling Rule: When determining oi versus oy: oi is used in initial or medial position and oy is at the end.Use Elkonin Boxes
Focus on reading (no spelling test)
Use vowel team syllable hand motion (MSRC-index and pointer finger side by side)
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34Unit 30: Soft c, g*listen for soft consonant sounds
*blend and segment phonemes
*initial sound substitution
topaz, latex, Pluto, chosen, begun, grumpyCircus in the City
Sight Words: about
new, over, soundSoft C and G can each make two sounds. When either are followed by an e, i, or y they will say their soft sounds c = /s/, g = /j/Video 13: Soft C and G
Focus on reading (no spelling test)
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35Unit 31: Silent letters*differentiate sounds
*segment sounds
*blend and segment phonemes
*initial sound substitution
potent, omit, apex, constant, respond, sloppy, I Know!
Sight Words: who
little, take, onlyThese words are old, Anglo-Saxon, and highly irregular.
Use Elkonin Boxes
Focus on reading (no spelling test)
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Common Assessment Units 18-31 Diphthongs, Silent Letters, etc. (created decoding assessment) Focus on most common spellings
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EOY: Administer the DSA: LN & WW (The goal is to have all students passing all of LN as well as features F and H from WW.)
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