Four Ways to Reflect
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Four Ways to Reflect
https://kbarnstable.wordpress.com/2009/12/15/22-questions-for-reflection/
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Thinking Back
Returning to a learning experience or recapturing a learning event some time after it has taken place may allow the learner to revisit the entire experience from a fresh and different perspective. Learners may uncover previous knowledge that had been learned but was now buried or simply forgotten.
Thinking Forward
As learners reflect on how they would do things differently in the future, it is possible that an “upgrade” of learning could occur. This deeper level of learning has been referred to as transformative learning (King 2002).
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Thinking Inward
Introspective reflections also bring the learner closer to emotions. According to James Zull (2002), reflecting on a previous experience will be meaningless unless it engages our emotions. A deeper understanding of one’s own feelings and emotions leads to a higher level of learning as described by several taxonomies of learning.
Thinking Outward
Reflecting on the world around us requires an extended point of view. Identifying the attitudes and opinions of another person, such as an author, a coworker, or a person from another culture leads learners to further consideration of their own belief system. The value in these contrasts and comparisons of beliefs is that it causes the learner to either expand their personal point of view or perhaps becoming more affirmed in their reasons for believing the way they do.
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