Post-Emancipation Possibilities
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http://ldhi.library.cofc.edu/exhibits/show/after_slavery_educator/unit_three_documents/document_elevenhttp://ldhi.library.cofc.edu/exhibits/show/after_slavery_educator/unit_three_documents/document_twohttp://freedmensbureau.com/georgia/contracts/georgiacontract.htmhttp://ldhi.library.cofc.edu/exhibits/show/after_slavery_educator/unit_three_documents/document_elevenhttp://freedmensbureau.com/texas/kit2.htm
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Date?August 17th, 1873August 20, 18653/13/1866mid 1870'sDec 18th 1865
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Place?Colleton County, South CarolinaGates County, North CarolinaWilkes County, Augusta, GeorgiaSouth CarolinaBurleson County, Texas
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Who are black laborers working for?ThemselvesA Mr. Parker = plantation ownerClark Anderson and Co.ThemselvesJohn Echols, a white planter
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What sort of work are black laborers doing?Plantation work in an all-African American cooperativeWorked on a farmplantation workPlantation workShelling corn/ Saving Echols' crops
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What methods, positive or negative, are used to induce laborers to work?Organizational goals set, meetings held, plantations found to purchase with society funds and each man is appropriated land himself to cultivateScaring workers into staying - beating people in front of others; watched night and day; "he would give them board and two suits of clothing to stay"Pay was deducted under many circumstances, including: "for time lost by our own fault one dollar per day during the Spring and two dollars during cotton picking season," pay for when they're sick, pay to board their childrenPositive methods- each laborer is given autonomy over their own plot of land, so they are self-motivated to cultivate itPayment of $10.00 a month in silver and gold. Not sure about negative methods. Echols is trying to defend himself against murder charges. He tries to claim that he was a good master, but he is quick to turn to violence.
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List any other significant conditions of the labor agreement or the incident described.Participants in the commune receive money if they choose to leave the commune at any point. The sick are communally cared for. Disputes are handled through a simple judicial process from the members of the community "board."The plantation owner continued to use coerced slave labor, even after the war's end. Hired at war's end for board and two suits of clothing, plus one Sunday suit (stated by Mr. Parker). Laborers state that violence used.Elect officer, land decided upon by the elected officer, land is equally distributed, held accountable for dues although dues are lightNo other conditions are mentioned. In this case, Echols wants three freedmen to leave, and they refuse. He claims they were attacking him and he killed one in self-defense.
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Using Google Maps, MappingOccupation.org, and the document: Is there a federal military presence nearby? How much power does the federal government appear to have or exert over the laboring conditions?Troops were stationed outside the county nearby at Charleston. Although it appeared that troops could access most of Colleton County easily, as shown by Mapping Occupation's Zones of Occupation, it appeared that freedmen could not easily seek out the Charleston post given its distance of approx. 50 miles outside of Colleton County. There were 74 troops stationed in Suffolk, Virginia, and were slightly within the zone of access, though they did occupy nearly the entirety of Gates County.There were 327 troops in Augusta, which had a railroad going through Wilkes County. The Army probably did not enforce much after the contract was made. There is a federal military presence nearby but from the reading we cannot see how the military interferes with the local society. However, there might have been military intereference prior to the establishment of the independent society.There are 652 troops in Hempstead as of September 1865. According to the source, there are soldiers in Millican, about three days away, pretty far away. Echols just works for those three days. The troops have the power to arrest Echols for the murder. However, Echols seems certain that his actions will be acquitted.
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