Ch 9 Med Terms - Cardiovascular
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ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTU
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Chapter 9 Terminology
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Term / PartMeaningAbbreviationMeaning
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Combining FormsACGangiocardiography
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angi/o, vas/ovesselAFatrial fibrillation
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aort/oaortaASaortic stenosis
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arteri/oarteryASDatrial septal defect
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arteriol/oarterioleASHDarteriosclerotic heart disease
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ather/ofatty plaqueBBBbundle branch block
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atri/oatriumBPblood pressure
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cardi/oheartCADcoronary artery disease
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hemangi/oblood vesselCCcardiac catheterization
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phleb/o, ven/oveinCCUcoronary care unit
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thromb/oblood clotCHDcoronary heart disease
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sphygm/opulse
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CPRcardiopulmonary resusitaion
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-gramrecord, a writingCVcardiovascular
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-graphinstrument for recordingDVTdeep vein thrombosis
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ECG, EKGelectrocardiogram
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endo-withinECHOechocardiogram
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extra-outsideICUintensive care unit
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peri-aroundMImyocardial infarction, mitral insufficiancy
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trans-across, throughMSmitral stenosis
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MVPmitral valve prolapse
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Adams-stokes syndromealtered state of consciousness due to decreased blood flow to brain Ppulse, phosporus
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aneurysm localized abnormal dilation of a vesselPATparoxysmal atrial tachycardia
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arrestthe condition of being stoppedPTCApercutanaeous transluminal coronary angioplasty
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cardiaca loss of effective cardiac function, results in cessation of circulation PVCspremature ventricular contractions
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coarctationnarrowing of a vessel, ecspecially the aortaSAsinoatrial (node)
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Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)failure of the heart to supply and adequate amount of blood to tissues and organs.SKstreptokinase
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arryhythmiairregularity in heart actionTPA, tPAtissue plasminogen activator
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bruit, murmersoft blowing sound heard on auscultation
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echocardiographya method of ultrasound to produce images of the heart
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dopplerrecording device that graphically records blood flowVSD ventricular septal defect
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phonocardiographyprovides a graphic display of heart sounds during the cardiac cycle.VTVentricular tachycardia
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cardiomyopathyany disease of heart muscle not caused by an adequet amount of blood to tissues and organsASTaspartate transaminase
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venographyradiography of a vein after injection of a contrast medium.CKcreatine kinase
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CPKcreatine phosphokinase
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subtraction angiographyused to display soft-tissue structures such as blood vessles without the confusing overlay of bone images.GOTglutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
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electrocardiogramshows the spread of electrical excitation to diferent parts of the heartHDLHigh Density Lipoprotien
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Holter monitor testECG taken with small portable recording system. LDlactate dehydrogenase
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stress testECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditions.LDLLow density lipoprotien
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VLDLVery low density lipoprotien
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embolus, emboli (pl)mass of undissolved matter circulating in blood or lymphatic channels until it becomes lodged in a vessel
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fibrillationquivering or spontaneous heart muscle contractions causing ineffectual contractions
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hemostasisstoppage of bleeding or circulation
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hyperlipidemiaexcessive amounts of lipids in the blood
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hypertensioncondition that is present when blood pressure registers higher than normal
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infarctarea of tissue that unergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply
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ishemialocal and temporary deficiency of blood suply because of circulatory obstruction
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mitral valve prolapsecommon and occasionally serious condition in which leaflets of mitral valve prolapse into left atrium during systole
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patentopen, unobstructed, or not closed
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patent ductus arteriosusfailure of the ductus arteriosus to close after birth
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tetralogy of Fallotcongenital anomaly consisting 4 elements: 1. pulmonary artery stenosis 2. interventricular septal defect 3. transposition of aorta 4. right ventricular hypertrophy caused by increased workload of the right ventricle
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thrombus, thrombiblood clot that obstructs a vessel
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aortographyradiological examination of aorta and its branches
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cardiac catheterizationpassage of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery to evaluate valve function, septal defects, congenital anomalies, blood supply, or myocardial function
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coronary angiographyradiological examination of blood vessels of and around the heart
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anigoplasty a procedure thata alters a vessei,either by surgery or dilation of the vessel using a balloon catherter.
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anastomosisend to end union or joining of two vessels to provide an alternate pathway for blood flow
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atherectomy
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biopsyremoval and examination of a small peice of tissue for diagnostic purposes
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thrombolysis
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pericardiocentesis
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phlebotomy venipuncture
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infusion
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