Philosophers' Carnival Submission Form
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8/20/2012 21:10:53Bodily Rights Arguments critical look at arguments for abortion from bodily rights.
8/20/2012 21:37:24An Entrè at the Shanghai Dumpling House is a short story I wrote after a week studying the Time, Self and Mind unit at Monash.
8/20/2012 22:50:03On Conceptually Progressive Propositions
9/11/2012 14:20:04Aliens versus Materialists (Part II) with Part I (, it offers yet another thought experiment about materialism and consciousness, generating a reductio against materialism about consciousness that is closely related to the standard epistemic arguments.
9/16/2012 18:10:52eLogic Gallery, images, and bios of philosophers: Century-by-Century since Aristotle.
9/16/2012 18:55:20The Value of Defiance
9/17/2012 21:04:42a couple of other methods, while I’m at it to spot bs in a philosophy paperYes
9/17/2012 21:16:05Nagel's Gone Batty argument for the rationality of consciousness as an evolutionary phenomenon.Yes
9/21/2012 22:56:07Deliverance Prayers for Christians and The Possessed prayers for Christians and the possessed! Read this amazing story of how I learned about deliverance prayers! A modern day Bible story!
9/24/2012 11:25:08Mitt Romney and the Difficulty of Seeing Pain (popular, rather than highly technical) discussion of the privacy of pain, and pain's role in identity-making.
10/3/2012 0:43:27An arithmetico-temporal paradox of a paradox first published in Horsten and Leitgeb, "No Future", 2001, Journal of Philosophical Logic. The paradox begins with obvious-seeming axioms about time and arrives at the apparently false result that there is no future or past. This is made possible by Goedel's diagonal lemma.
10/6/2012 3:11:09Simmons' Paradox and the Barber am back to blogging after a short break
10/10/2012 14:48:08IS ONTOLOGY MAKING US STUPID is a translation and expansion of my paper given at Bernard Stiegler’s Summer Academy in August 2012. In it I consider the ontologies of Louis Althusser, Graham Harman, and Paul Feyerabend. I discuss Althusser and Harman as exemplifying synchronic ontology, giving a reading of Harman’s recent book THE THIRD TABLE. I then discuss Feyerabend’s ideas asshowing a different way, that of a diachronic ontology, containing no stable framework nor fixed paths.
10/10/2012 16:45:33Three Direct Roles for Values in Science post sketches a response to the claim that there is no "direct" role for values, specifically non-epistemic or social values, in the internal processes of science. I propose three such roles.
10/19/2012 7:53:08Revenge revisited short post on philosophical logic
10/21/2012 23:10:53Causes, Laws, and Free Will: Why Determinism Doesn't Matter Vihvelin's New Book Yes
10/22/2012 14:30:49The Importance of Nonsense certain quarters, there has developed a tradition (or habit) of calling nonsensical any thinking which either is not a matter of knowledge or does not contribute to the store of knowledge (particularly of the scientific variety). Philosophy, however, is not properly restricted to holding knowledge alone in high regard. Rather, philosophy struggles with the beyond-mere-knowledge usually associated with wisdom, itself an indefinite matter typically comprised of nonsense (where nonsensicality is the condition of not being knowledge).
10/24/2012 12:25:03Resolving Euthyphro's Dilemma
10/25/2012 9:16:43Three Pieces on Reality: Where am I? is the first of three texts on constructivism. The text was written not as much to introduce the concept, but rather to get my own thoughts sorted out. Even after being occupied with the concept for a considerable time I’m unsure of what reality is and what I mean when I say something is real. I ask all readers to leave comments about spelling/grammar/wording, readability, understandability and whether the described ideas make sense to you. Using your comments I will constantly change/update/improve the text.
10/27/2012 7:59:24The Media has been compromised is the truth and people need to read it!Yes
11/5/2012 16:02:5910 Tips for Living personal development blog. This is a brief post regarding attributes that lead to my happiness, and hopefully yours.
Thank you for the opportunity.
11/5/2012 22:24:07Domains of quantification - part 1
11/7/2012 4:42:37Existence is Futile short entry regarding epicureanism, existence and Pascal's wager.
11/7/2012 4:58:59Existence is Futile short entry regarding epicureanism, existence and Pascal's wager.
11/23/2012 1:34:47Determining What is Real is a paper I wrote for my philosophy class that I soon found out was not the correct topic. I have a works cited page if anyone wishes to accuse me of plagiarizing; I chose not to include it to make the blog post more personal and informal. Some of these thoughts are my own, while others are obviously the ideas of professionals.
11/29/2012 5:43:11Extended Consent;postID=7510704625410617471This posting examines the idea of extended consent in applied philosophy. It does so by examining the differences between consenting to sexual intercourse, surgery and the implicit consent of living wills.
11/29/2012 15:35:40Philosophy Needs to Trust Your Rationality Even Though It Shouldn't asks you to get the right answer without evidence that shouts in your ear. The less evidence you have, or the harder it is to interpret, the more rationality you need to get the right answer. (As likelihood ratios get smaller, your priors need to be better and your updates more accurate.) Unfortunately, empirical studies show that philosophers are not up to the task — philosophers are not particularly more rational than other professionals.
12/6/2012 21:15:48Metaphilosophy
12/11/2012 4:21:55Train Philosophers with Pearl and Kahneman, not Plato and Kant training should begin with the latest and greatest formal methods ("Pearl" for the probabilistic graphical models made famous in Pearl 1988), and the latest and greatest science ("Kahneman" for the science of human reasoning reviewed in Kahneman 2011). Beginning with Plato and Kant (and company), as most universities do today, both (1) filters for inexact thinkers, as Russell suggested, and (2) teaches people to have too much respect for failed philosophical methods that are out of touch with 20th century breakthroughs in math and science.
12/14/2012 13:48:36What's Wrong With Plantinga's Proper Functionalism this post, I offer an exposition and critique of Alvin Plantinga's general externalist account of epistemic warrant, as well as his extended version of it that he deploys to defend the rationality of Christian theism.
12/17/2012 16:53:12Why a painting is as good as a photo on a passport Saker, a Swedish artist, is in the news this week for having successfully applied for a driving licence using a photograph not of himself, but of a self-portrait painting. Drawing on recent work in aesthetics, I consider why photographs are the preferred medium for including images in documents like driving licences and passports, and conclude that given the way in which photographs are selected and approved for inclusion in such documents, there seems little reason to prefer them to other means of pictorial depiction, like paintings.
12/18/2012 14:02:04A Computer Virus Analogy for Mental Illness and Religious Fervor blog "Arash's World" offers different perspectives on philosophy mixed with a dose of healthy, albeit absurd and slightly off-beat humor. It is intended to entertain and make people think so that readers can come to their own conclusions about anything and everything under the sun and moon.
12/19/2012 8:07:19Philosophy Walk Walk is the official site of the podcast of the same name available on iTunes.
12/21/2012 12:18:38The Pinocchio paradox of Logic
12/24/2012 1:50:49Dennett, Darwin, and Deity commentary on a passage from Daniel Dennett's Darwin's Dangerous Idea where he criticizes religion.
12/24/2012 1:52:52Dennett, Darwin, and Deity critique of a passage from Darwin's Dangerous Idea by Daniel Dennett where he criticizes religion.
12/31/2012 13:03:32Poll: What grounds objective moral truth? moral truth created (voluntarism), discovered (essentialism), or neither (nihilism/skepticism)? A poll.
12/31/2012 16:15:57On the meaning of veridicality in perceptionhttp://rationalconceits.blogspot.comAn analysis of of the term "veridicality" as applied to sensory perception and other states of consciousness.
1/1/2013 20:10:59Good and Ought as Relative analyze Stephen Finlay's paper "Of Oughts and Ends", which proposes a definition of “ought” (and its cousins “can”, “could”, “might”, “may”, “should”, “will”, “must” and their related negatves) as a modal auxilary verb that expresses a likelihood of something being the case, including the likelihood of something meeting a standard. This linguistic view neatly accounts for moral commands and expressions of likelihood.
1/3/2013 12:02:29On a formal Liar would prefer to submit this post, rather than the one I submitted earlier.
1/4/2013 22:35:14I'm NOT Completely Convinced, but it's Interesting line in the sand for BioLogos as defined in Language of God: A Scientist Presents Evidence for Belief.
1/11/2013 10:02:58How to attract more money in your Life (a biblical and logical understanding) One day, Jesus sent one of his apostles to catch a fish, in which he would find some money. For years, this little but deep anecdoct has been understood with little attention. But behind this short story, is hidden a great philosophical lesson explaining the metaphysical principles of money.
A sound understanding of the story could be mind healing for many impoverished societies throughout the world.
1/12/2013 10:45:18want to know the truth? the answer most of us know. but don't realize till the time we chance upon it somewhere outside of ourselves.
1/17/2013 8:10:56temillasmusicales
1/29/2013 21:32:36the view from nowhere and self-identity is my only post as of yet (I just started the blog earlier this week). I'm not expecting to win any kind of contest but would greatly appreciate anything you can do that might allow me a little more exposure. Thanks!
1/30/2013 16:17:59On a formal Liar Logic
2/3/2013 23:25:40Computational Metaphysics this post I introduce a new device for thinking about metaphysical problems; they are a kind of philosophical workbench on which we can test competing metaphysical theories. I call them "Turing Worlds".
2/4/2013 17:17:17Belief and Commitment
2/6/2013 16:43:29Belief Through Thick and Thin for new folk psychological categories of belief, and subsequently, defends the traditional entailment thesis in epistemology. (Also: degrees of belief, doxastic voluntarism, and internalism make brief cameos!)
2/7/2013 17:33:29Ethics Oppositions
2/11/2013 18:11:41A Computer Virus Analogy for Mental Illness and Religious Fervor"Arash's World" is a blog that deals with various philosophical and existential issues infused with a shot (or two) of humor. Apart from ideas, musings and observations, it also offers a number of book reviews in the field of science and philosophy.
2/11/2013 21:47:14Evolution is Rigged! A Review of Thomas Nagel’s “Mind and Cosmos” review of Nagel's "Mind & Cosmos."


Wes Alwan
2/16/2013 10:59:40A Defence of Relativism is an article I have written in order to defend relativism in spite of it being severely criticized by adherents of objectivism.
2/16/2013 20:12:52Muddy boots takes the reader on his personal journey offering various forms of insight into arts, movies and life along the way. Yes
2/22/2013 10:14:24Philosophy of Culture and the Liberty Movement
3/11/2013 9:58:25"What you can't expect when you are expecting" Lombrozo also has a nice post on this on the NPR blog, which I will nominate shortly.
3/11/2013 22:05:25Is it Rational to Have a Child? Can Psychology Tell Us?
3/12/2013 5:37:36Allen Wood on Ethics interview with moral philosopher Allen Wood, exploring Kant's ethics, Derek Parfit, politics and more besides!
3/13/2013 5:46:44Theism and Material Causality post sketches and defends a novel argument against theism based on a commonsense version of Aristotle's notion of a material cause.
3/18/2013 19:32:49Big Data or Pig Data?Update on Higgs data analysis: statistical flukes (1) interpretation of statistical flukes in normal vs revolutionary science.Yes
3/18/2013 19:46:05The Philosophie of Gaps
3/18/2013 20:13:31Something on Privatdocenten alternate schemes of philosophy jobs at the turn of the 19th centuryYes
3/18/2013 21:09:43 ENCAPSULATED UNIVERSES A Conversation with Lera Boroditsky about it this way. We have 7,000 languages. Each of these languages encompasses a world-view, encompasses the ideas and predispositions and cognitive tools developed by thousands of years of people in that culture. Each one of those languages offers a whole encapsulated universe. So we have 7,000 parallel universes, some of them are quite similar to one another, and others are a lot more different. The fact that there's this great diversity is a real testament to the flexibility and the ingenuity of the human mind. Yes
3/19/2013 8:53:06Smart and Assholes and THE WORLD
3/22/2013 14:23:08asd@asd.asdasd@asd.asdHello <a href="">22mar2013a</a>, [url=]22mar2013u[/url], [link=]22mar2013l[/link],
4/1/2013 3:48:52Ways Modality Could Be this post I want to introduce the idea of a higher-order modal logic—not a modal logic for higher-order predicate logic, but rather a logic of higher-order modalities. “What is a higher-order modality?”, you might be wondering. Well, if a first-order modality is a way that some entity could have been—whether it is a mereological atom, or a mereological complex, or the universe as a whole—a higher-order modality is a way that a first-order modality could have been. First-order modality is modelded in term of a space of possible worlds—a set of worlds structured by an accessibility relation, i.e., a relation of relative possibility—each world representing a way that the entire universe could have been. A second-order modality would be modeled in terms of a space of spaces of (first-order) possible worlds, each space representing a way that the entire space of (first-order) possible worlds could have been. And just as there is a unique actual world which represents the way things really are, there is a unique actual space which represents the way that first-order modality actually is.

Why, though, should we adopt a framework like this? To motivate it, consider the fact that people have mutually conflicting intuitions about what the space of all (first-order) possible worlds is like...
4/3/2013 16:59:04Sovereign Dictator on a Boat: Carl Schmitt and the Dark Knight"The so called "Crown Jurist" and legal philosopher of Nazi Germany, Carl Schmitt, once said, "Sovereign is he who decides on the exception"[1]. Not only is this true in the realm of real world politics, but also in the world of Christopher Nolan's The Dark Knight and this essay will reveal the Schmittian nature of a particularly interesting scene in the film wherein we see the rise of a so called "Sovereign Dictator" on boat."

-this essay examines how sovereignty and power politics plays out in the boat ride-explosive scene in the Dark Knight.
4/11/2013 10:17:31Why slaughterhouses should welcome CCTV US states are considering (or have enacted) so called 'ag-gag' legislation, which effectively inhibits the ability of animal welfare charities to expose illegal animal abuse in slaughterhouses, factory farms, etc. I argue that a more promising response, likely to please both animal welfare activists and meat industry workers, is to embrace proposals to install CCTV in all slaughterhouses and similar environments.
4/23/2013 16:52:43A summary of the problems I see with philosophy–and why I’m thinking of going back anyway
4/30/2013 22:36:57The Set-theoretical Paradoxes
5/3/2013 3:38:42Eternalism and presentism neat post on metaphysics of timeYes
5/5/2013 21:04:54What should philosophers of science do? (Higgs, statistics, Marilyn)
5/11/2013 2:26:05Daemonodicy: The Problem of Good dialogue in parody of theodicies and the ontological argument.
5/29/2013 11:04:02The Set-theoretical Paradoxes
5/31/2013 15:04:58Theism and Material Causality this post, I argue that our a priori and a posteriori evidence of material causality (in roughly Aristotle's notion of material causality, i.e., that "things are always produced by other stuff") provides the materials for an argument against classical theism.
6/3/2013 0:18:56Tenseless* Presentism believe there’s a way for presentists to have their Relativistic cake and eat it too. The idea is this: There is but one moment of time; this moment, the present moment. There were none before it, there will be none after it. At this single moment, there is a four dimensional space of variable curvature, at whose points exist everything that we perceive and interact with; everything, in a word, that we ordinarily take to exist in space-time. The only error of the ordinary conception lies in the belief that the fourth dimension is time. Time, on tenseless presentism, essentially involves the idea that ‘earlier than’ and ‘later than’ are irreducibly tensed notions; granted, entities may be ordered in the fourth dimension by relations of increasing entropy and whatnot, but that is not what ‘earlier than’ and ‘later than’ come to. It is the way that our experiences are laid out four-dimensionally that gives rise to our belief that the fourth dimension is time, and to experience it as time, even though it really isn’t. Nevertheless, these experiences give rise to intuitions about time, tense, and how the former involves the latter, and thus it is only tense that could underwrite the existence of real ‘earlier than’ and ‘later than’ relations, though on this view no such relations actually obtain.
6/5/2013 11:17:17Analysis of Mercy--3rd Post of a nascent-to-ongoing project in the philosophical analysis of mercy.
6/7/2013 23:46:08US Security Discourse: Physical and Ontological Implications indepth and philosophical analysis of the link between security discourse and discourses of danger, and physical acts of violence and threat construction as well as a denial of the chaos inherent to the universe.
6/19/2013 20:33:18Beauty and Duty brief examination of the relationship between aesthetic judgments and ethical judgments, and of ways to think about the question of aesthetic obligation. Do aesthetic judgments reference an imperative, and is this imperative an objectively real quality or a representation of subjective experience? Music is the medium of art most referenced throughout, as I am also a classical/jazz musician.
6/27/2013 16:17:57Trouble With Compatibilism post discusses Carolina Sartorio's 2013 article in The Philosophical Review, "Making a Difference in a Deterministic World", and argues that a very popular view on the metaphysics of free will today -- compatibilism -- is poorly motivated. The post argues that compatibilism is philosophically uninteresting on its face, and that the most common philosophical justification for interest in it -- Frankfurt-style cases -- smuggle in libertarian free will and hence provide no reason to take compatibilism seriously.
6/28/2013 9:01:04Lisa Bortolotti y el background argument Epistemology is a blog by María G. Navarro
7/5/2013 13:42:37A Possibly Final Post on Mercy of an ongoing series of posts beginning to develop a philosophical account of mercy.
7/8/2013 15:03:08A peculiarity of the Liar paradox post continues my look at the semantic paradoxes by raising the next question in the development of my informal approach that is being serially published in The Reasoner.
7/8/2013 18:07:31The Utilitarian Stance Section 1: The Pursuit of “Pleasure” are many things that people strive to obtain: Wealth, power, jobs, friends, material goods, loving relationships… . Is “pleasure” one of them? Well, if by ‘pleasure’ one simply means pleasant experiences, I think the answer is “yes, of course.” But it has sometimes been thought that there is a thing called ‘pleasure’ which is a distinguishable but inseparable element in all pleasant experiences, and furthermore, that this element is the sole thing that is desired for its own sake, and that obtaining it is the one true motive that drives all our actions. I will call this belief ‘psychological hedonism,’ and in the present section my goal is to argue that it is misguided.
7/9/2013 20:17:40The Simple Theory of Counterfactuals The standard account of counterfactuals that most philosophers endorse—Lewis's 'Analysis 1' — is wrong. The correct theory is one invented by Jonathan Bennett in 1984 which he called 'The Simple Theory'. Bennett later argued himself out of that theory and went on to champion the standard account. But those arguments fail. The Simple Theory has been right all along.
7/16/2013 4:26:14Naivety is a good thing - remember thatwww.naivety.orgThis is an open letter to an older me, where i try to remind myself of the strength that the right amount of naivety have.
Im a first year student at philosophy, and want to share this enthusiasm while i truly believe it.

All the best
7/20/2013 15:33:53Cynic Argumentation
7/20/2013 23:51:03Guest Post: Larry Laudan. Why Presuming Innocence is Not a Bayesian Prior
7/28/2013 23:17:44Meditation Schmeditation funny, honest look at my relationship with meditation, my thinking mind and spirit.
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8/1/2013 13:00:43Fundamentals and gimmicks and the end which I use the idea of a meta-game to argue against the thesis that ideological stasis is necessarily bad for philosophy
8/3/2013 1:07:26Towards A Kinder, Gentler Verificationism think it may be advisable to follow a wise point that lies buried in Logical Positivism: Though it may very well be that unverifiable statements are meaningful, and so true or false, this does nothing to prove they are legitimate objects of inquiry. For the statements the positivists sought to ban are, after all, unverifiable, and where there is no possible method of verifying a statement, there is seemingly no means of resolving disputes concerning it. Save in those cases where our psychology compels our universal assent, such as, perhaps, our belief in the existence of other minds, there is, short of force, coercion or sheer coincidence, no way to reach a consensus with respect to unverifiable statements, and given this it appears unwise to argue over them. For if we do not aim to achieve consensus, to what purpose do we argue? However, it must be admitted that verifiability comes in degrees, and there are perhaps no statements which are conclusively verifiable. Still, one can say that the harder it is to verify or refute a given statement, the less reasonable it is to argue over it. And of course to say that we shouldn’t bother arguing over something is not to say that we cannot have our own, private opinion on the matter.
8/5/2013 13:03:40Works of Wonder: Renovating Romanticism about Art Prinz (CUNY) kicks off an impressive and diverse roster of Guest Bloggers over at Aesthetics for Birds (a new blog devoted to philosophical and professional issues in, about, and related to Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art).Yes
8/7/2013 0:37:35Are Relations Fragile? are a very important aspect of humans. A blog that explores the complexity.
8/12/2013 14:58:01The Catholic and Puritan Conception of Work and Money you like it and thanks for offering this regular platform for lovers of philosophy!
8/14/2013 8:11:57Meritocracy and democracy post starts a discussion about the merits and demerits of democracy vs. meritocracy (why should everyone's vote count the same?). The foundations of the problem lie in Aristotle's idea of a diversity of treatment being fair in the case of actual diversity (in the words of the post's author, I cannot protest for not being admitted in a NBA team) and ---perhaps more interestingly, given its novelty--- in Ruism. Be sure to check also the comments. Yes
8/17/2013 13:57:56Is unwanted pregnancy a medical disorder? cause suffering, and banning them is not an effective way of reducing this suffering. I argue that the best way of reducing suffering from abortions is to get much more serious about preventing unwanted pregnancy. One way of doing this is to think of unwanted pregnancy as more like a medical disorder and less like a social problem, and aggressively promote contraception to young people the way we (in the UK at least) promote vaccination.
8/20/2013 18:38:31The Philosophy of Cats and the Cats of Philosophy the relationship between cats and philosophy, and why philosophers need cats more than cats need philosophers.
8/31/2013 20:35:21Defining the good: The Golden Rule major argument for God’s existence is that, if there is no God, there is no “true” good, because truth is that which corresponds to reality, to real being. A common counter-argument heard from atheists, agnostics, and skeptics is that this does not account for the definition of moral goodness. If God is the source of goodness, does he define what it means to be good via his commands (hence, it is fiction, not truth), or is it a standard he himself follows (hence, he is not the highest absolute)? In other words, theists cannot define goodness just by grounding it in God’s nature. True, but we don’t claim to.