|Participant List 2014|
|Sr. No.||Participant Name||Title of the Paper||Affiliations / Interests||Contact Details||Abstract|
|1||Andrey D. Poyarkov||Polymorphism of stray dogs populations as a chance to enlarge ecological space and form different morphological lines in city surroundings||Ph.d Zoologist, Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution; carnivorous mammals, aboriginal dogs of Russia and Central Asian countries||Address:119071, Leninskiy pr. 33 Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Moscow, Russia Telephone: +7 910 4460722 Email: email@example.com||Behavioral and ecological polymorphism in stray dogs populations is found in the most part of investigated parameters. Among these basic parameters determining stray dogs life strategies are: home site size, expression of territorial behavior, feeding strategies, relation to humans, development and differentiation of social behavior towards conspecifics. Investigation was held in model territory in Moscow city from 1980 up to 2006. Variety of home site size differed for different stray dog groups greatly: from 1-2 hectares to 5-15 square km. So the range of this parameter can reach two orders. |
The sites differ greatly not only in size but in the development of their inner structure. Big sites always overlap sites of other social groups and include several places of common use. So inner structure and complexity of a big site always differ from those of a small site.The behavioral territorial complex can be shown not by all stray dogs. Several individuals and social groups do not show territorial behavior neither to other dogs nor to humans.
Rather often phenomenon is partial territoriality when a social group or an individual demonstrates territorial behavior not to all stray dogs appearing in its territory. There are stray dogs in city populations that demonstrate pronounced territoriality towards all intruders - in other words dogs with complete territoriality. Following stray dogs feeding strategies can be described: freeloaders, beggars, collectors and dogs of prey. Freeloaders are dogs receiving ration from personally.....
|2||Latif Latifi||Livestock Protection Dog: modern state of the breed, its use, development and endangerments||President of American National Club of Aziat (Central Asian Shepherd Dogs) ANCA||Address: 455 Ocean Parkway APT 7B, Brooklyn, NY 11218|
|3||Gautam Das||A Presumptive History of the Peninsular Indian Sighthound Breeds: The Chippiparai, Kanni, the Mudhol/Caravan Hound (Karwani) and the Pashmi, & A brief photo presentation on the INDog/Indian Native Dog||Naturalist, indigenous Indian breeds of horses and ponies,|
indigenous dogs of India
|Address: R-136 Greater Kailash-1 New Delhi – 110 048 India|
|4||Edith Gallant||The future of aboriginal dog populations||President of the Africanis Society of Southern Africa. http://www.africanis.co.za |
Author: ‘The Story of the African Dog’; ‘SOS DOG: The purebred dog hobby re-examined’
|Address: 40 Mauch Road, 3245 Hilton, South Africa|
Telephone: 0027 33 343 26 99
|‘Modern Dogdom’ has been inaugurated in 1873 with the institution of The Kennel Club (London) . Within two decades this initiative was followed throughout the western world. Independent national kennel organizations such as the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) arose with the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), counting over 80 affiliated member countries, crowning it all.|
The methods of these canine institutions are analysed and critically evaluated and it is questioned if Modern Dogdom is the appropriate road to follow to preserve “Aboriginal Dogs as part of Biodiversity and of the Cultural Heritage of Humankind’. If so, which organization should we attempt to adhere to. For instance, will the promoters of the Alaskan and Canadian Inuit dog population seek recognition and preservation through the AKC or CKC? Do the INDogs (Indian Native Dogs) as inhabitants of the greater Indian subcontinent try their luck through the Indian Kennel Club and FCI?
In conclusion it is argued that the ideal way ahead is through the establishment of an independent international umbrella body which has the specific aim: to preserve aboriginal dogs as part of biodiversity and of the cultural heritage of humankind.
|5||Sir Terence Joseph Clark||Tradition and change in the Saluki's countries of origin||Sir Terence Clark KBE,CMG,CVO is a former British diplomat who specialized in the Middle East, after studying Arabic at the School of Oriental & African Studies, University of London and the Middle East Centre for Arab Studies, Shemlan, Lebanon. During his career and in retirement he has had the opportunity of travelling widely in the region, where he acquired his first Salukis and has studied the breed at close quarters in all the countries of origin. He has contributed to several books on the breed and writes frequently for a number of international publications.||Address: Westeligh Avenue, London SW15 6RQ, UK|
Telephone: 0044 20 8788 4021
|There are many misconceptions held in the West about the Saluki in its countries of origin, based partly on the romantic mythology purveyed by European travellers of the 19th and early 20th centuries and partly on unfamiliarity with contemporary conditions there. This lecture is an attempt to shed some light on the facts on the ground.|
The Saluki is a hunting hound with a large footprint stretching from North Africa to Central Asia and its role has fluctuated from being an extension of the hunter’s arm in the chase after wild prey to being the object of delight in the sport of kings. Today, it continues to play diverse hunting roles but wherever it occurs the relationship between it and its (usually) Muslim breeder or owner is essentially the same and is the product of a mutually dependent co-existence over centuries. This applies not so much to the princes and shaikhs, who have the staff to maintain large kennels for their periodic hunting forays much as they would have done in medieval times, but rather to the few remaining nomadic Bedouin and settled farmers, who raise their hounds themselves and enjoy working them as opportunity offers.
The local breeder has a strong interest in keeping the breed true to type because he appreciates that the hound has for long had no equal for its purpose and any further refinement would probably be unachievable. Pedigrees are not written down but are often memorized. The traditional breeder is guided by the basic principles of successful breeding: the lineage of the sire and dam, their appearance and above all their performance in the field and he pays hardly any attention to external qualities that have no bearing on the hound’s hunting ability, such as coat, colour of eyes, skin pigmentation, hang of ears or tail, etc. He is interested first and foremost in how the hound functions. Paradoxically it has become more difficult to maintain such standards in modern times because growing affluence in some countries has opened up possibilities for experimentation that never existed before and even the style of hunting has changed in some areas that requires a different kind of hound.
The breeder often lives in modest circumstances and may keep only one or two hounds. He may still be dependent for meat on what the hounds catch. They are therefore regarded essentially as working animals but their owners are nonetheless proud of their prowess as hunters and give them names, collars, and coats to keep them warm in winter and may decorate them with henna for the protection of their feet or for show. It is not unusual for more than one sire to be used on a bitch, as this makes the most of the available talent in one litter and reduces the need for repeated matings. Various measures are taken to prevent unwanted matings. Except in the rare households where there is a plentiful food supply, litters are usually small and the number of surviving puppies is often only one or two of the strongest. Veterinary attention is minimal. Until recent times, puppies were given to other hunters, who would return the compliment when they had a litter. The hounds are usually kept out of sight to avoid them being admired by someone to whom the owner would feel obliged to make a present of them and to avoid theft.
Times are changing and the Saluki is under threat in all the countries of origin both from the breeders’ changing lifestyle and the loss of habitat of its prey. However it continues to fulfil its hunting role in many areas and in the hands of its traditional custodians the wide gene pool should ensure its existence for the future. Indeed a new boost has been given to its survival in the last few years by the innovation of Saluki racing in the Gulf states. A stuffed gazelle (or sometimes a live gazelle which is caught before the hounds reach it) is used as a lure for Salukis to chase over distances of at least 2.5 km. This sport mimics traditional gazelle hunting and maintains therefore the qualities of the hunting hound in countries where hunting is otherwise banned. In Qatar, traditional hunting on horse or camel with Salukis and falcons is also being promoted through annual competitions. Such events have encouraged a new generation of young people to keep Salukis, often in large numbers as in the days of the Caliphate.
|Aboriginal Tuvan dog in Moscow||Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Moscow||119991 Moscow, Gubkin Str. 3, Russia, +07 499 1355104 firstname.lastname@example.org||Tuva is a part of the Russian Federation. The Republic is located between Siberia and Mongolia. Climate of Tuva is sharply continental, yearly temperatures vary between minus 50 and plus 40. Livestock is traditional occupation of the population. Tuvans bred sheep and yaks. Since 1997, we have been searching for local pastoral dogs in Tuva.|
It turned out that the population of native sheepdogs drastically decreased and is near full extinction. Several dogs were transported to Moscow and gave rise to a registered breed "Tuvan shepherd". To date, about 200 pups were received, they are either in the Moscow region, or been transferred to other regions of Russia. Typical dogs color is black with white spots on the chest. Male’s height at the withers is not less than 70 cm, females - at least 60. Tuvan dogs have excellent guard qualities; outside its territory aggression towards people or animals is absent. Tuvan dog are well adapted to year-round outdoor keeping.
|7||Guvener Isik||American Sheep Farmers vs. Rural Turkish Children||Address: The Threshing Barn, Northmoor Rd, Walkeringham, Doncaster, DN10 4LW|
Telephone: 01427 890 199
|It is difficult to help sedentary American livestock farmers in regards to employing LGDs, because they are not raised within a pastoral culture that shaped and originally produced these dogs. LGDs are built for dynamic guarding. The Sedentary Farmer is free to apply his way of life on these dogs, but his expectations will not be properly met. Just as one should not expect a good wheat harvest in a rice field, one should not give Koyçı what it does not need, nor take away what it needs. A wet season is rustful season for wheat. Give the Anatolian wheat some cold and sunshine; it will thrive. Give it too much fertilizer; it will bear empty ears. If we do not need to put Anatolians Shepherds to work, they become collector's dogs. As long as they supply a demand, there will be functional future for them, because we will benefit from them.|
On the other hand, perhaps the American farmers are already in the process of designing a new version of a LGD. When all the dots are connected, the new design will be revealed. It will not be the so called “pure Anatolian/ Kuvasz/ Caucasian/ Alabai”, but it will be what works best with the current conditions of modern farmers and that is what matters, not what the clubs impose, enforce and indoctrinate.
|8||Lyn Peel||Kyeno Tibetan Mastiffs||Box 312, Burgendore, NSW, Australia 2621|
|9||Adil Tulgabaev, Nourlan Mamyrov|
|10||Lynette Watson||Living Paleolithic Relic||Dingo Discovery Sanctuary and Research Centre||Toolern Vale, Victoria, Australia Tel. +61 0354-281-245|
P.O. Box 502, Gisborne, Victoria, Australia 3437.Tel +61 3 54281245
|Could the dingo of Australia be an ancestor of today’s domestic dog? This presentation explores the very marked differences between the dingo and the phenotypically similar dogs which live owned, and un-owned all over the earth, puts some old evidence under a new microscope, shares newly discovered dingo biology, considers the possible means of the dingo’s expansion during early Holocene, its return to the north in the past 4,000 years, and encapsulates our conservation attempts to preserve it in its original form for the future.|
|11||Tatyana Viktorovna Desyatova||Secretary of PADS; East Siberian Laika||Shelekhov, Irkutsk Province, Russia|
|12||Sergei Vladimirivich Desyatov||East Siberian Laika||Shelekhov, Irkutsk Province, Russia|
|13||Anna Frumina||Differences among Central Asian Ovcharkas determined by innate traits of behaviour, depending on their origin||American National Breed Club of Aziat (ANCA)|
|2711 Centerville Rd Suite 400/7421 Wilmington DE 19808 USA (570) 690 5905|
|Material and methods|
Modern Central Asian Ovtcharkas (Shepherd’s Dogs) originated from aboriginal working dogs of Central Asia. This vast geographic region includes several countries, and native breeds dogs are still widely spread throughout the area. Natives use them as livestock guardian dogs, and as property protection dogs. A lot of dogs in the region live in feral or semi feral packs as well. Central Asians may look and behave different, as their ancestors belong to different breeds, established from types of dogs with different functions.
We selected 20 untrained dogs from 3 groups of different origin and background, registered as Central Asian Shepherd’s Dogs (Ovtcharkas). Group # 1 included 10 dogs: aboriginal herder’s dog imported from Tajikistan, his offsprings, and dogs inbred or linebred for ancestors that proved livestock guardians’ qualities. Group # 2 included 4 dogs bred by an established Russian show kennel. Group # 3 included 6 dogs that were bred for large size and heavy boning. Their unrelated ancestors including Champions from several different countries, were selected for these features. We also tested one German Shepherd imported from Germany. 18 dogs did not have any previous working experience with livestock.
To determine the dogs’ innate traits of behavior, we run a Livestock Safety Test developed by ANCA. The dog undergoing this test is left unattended in a medium size unfamiliar fenced enclosure with a group of friendly sheep or goats for 5 minutes, during which period her behavior is observed and recorded. The handler does not have contact with the dog during the test.
Results All adult dogs from Group # 1 carefully walked around the enclosure, did not scare the sheep, and stayed within until the end of the test. The German Shepherd initially scared the sheep; immediately backed away, and kept at a distance without disturbing them. Two dogs from Group # 2 were moving the sheep; one of which kept moving sheep during entire time of the test. One dog tried to play with them, and one was barking at them. They all scared the sheep, but did not try to attack them. 4 dogs from group #3 attacked domestic animals, one of which injured a sheep within 1st minute, and one killed a goat near test grounds. 2 dogs from this group left the enclosure within 1st minute.
|14||Dr Werner Röder||The Transfer of Endangered Aboriginal Breeds into Foreign FCI-Systems - A Way Towards Survival?||PhD in Contemporary History (LMU); research co-ordinator German Federal Archives and Institute for Contemporary History Munich (IfZ); head of IfZ- Archives (ret.). Founding member of the Association Burkinabe Idi du Sahel (ABIS); cynologic field research in Saharan and Sub-Saharan countries; Numerous publications in the field of modern history and aboriginal breeds||Address: Warschauer Strasse 20 D-80992 Munich, Germany|
Telephone: 0049-172-91010487 cell Telefax 0049-89-121 77 676
|Azawakhs, the hounds of nomadic cattle breeders in Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso, belong to the few working dog breeds still living in pre-modern cultures. The question arises, in which ways those original populations of canis familiaris can be saved from extinction: In state-subsidized conservation areas, through the creation of zoological centers, by the revival of the former use of working dogs for sports and entertainment or by the propagation of "national breeds" to promote cultural identity. Finally there is the possibility of exporting representatives of endangered stocks to foreign countries with a view to transplanting them into an established dog breeding system. Azawakhs are objects of these endeavors in Europe and America since more than forty years. History, results and perspectives of this experiment are presented in a critical analysis regarding the changes in phenotypics, character and health dispositions on the basis of genetic developments|
|15||Anna Mikhalskaya||Aboriginal sight hounds in Russia: modern status, conservation and development problems||Doct. of Phylology; Professor MSU graduate in Zoology; Professor of M.Gorky Institute of Literature and creative writing; Member of Russian Writers Union;|
Kennel owner YASMAN FOX TAZY
|Address: 119121 Moscow, Rostovskaya Embankment, 3, 130Telephone: +79266470678|
|ABORIGINAL SIGHT HOUNDS IN MODERN RUSSIA: status and perspectives|
Modern status and hunting use of aboriginal sight hounds on the territory of Russian Federation put conservation of those dog varieties as aboriginal (and in some cases their very existence) under threat.
Aboriginal dog varieties to our opinion can be characterized by the following system of six necessary and sufficient features:
1 - tense connection with a certain ethnos and its territory (hunting laikas for example are characterized as "dogs of aboriginal hunters of northern forests of Europe and Asia");
2 - origin, formation and development as a very important element of traditional culture, and traditional natural resource use in the first place;
3 - preservation of working status and resulting health and intellect;
4 - breeding not to official standard but to laws and rules of natural peoples selection, often to ancient tokens and omens;
5 - polymorphism, coexistence of several types each equally estimated in its territory, however small it can be, sometimes in a certain village or for dogs of a certain owner;
6 - standard if worked out used not as a norm but as an ideal, and show and breeding work carried on accordingly.
Taking into consideration these features we must conclude that sight hounds on the territory of Russia have lost them almost completely in the period of "perestroika" that lasted for more than a quarter of a century.
During this period those hounds didn't acquire another status - that of cultural breed (except Russian Borzoi which even before the World War II, let alone the revolution of 1917, could be considered an aboriginal breed according to all the 6 features stated above).
Such status - between a system of aboriginal varieties and a cultural breed - similar to that practiced in the USSR - could be a desired optimum if not for the following processes:
1 - rapid and radical change of hunting activities, especially noticeable with the beginning of "perestroika" and lasting up to now with the very sad perspective of losing traditional hunt as such;
2 - natural decline of number of hunting objects populations, especially hare (both in Europe and Siberia numbers of hare having declined haven't risen again following the usual natural "number waves");
3 - natural decline of aboriginal sight hounds to dangerously low numbers (South Russian, or Steppe, Sighthounds are very rare, Hortaya has been revived thank to activity of Tariel Gabidzashvili in the Aboriginal Sight Hound Kennel of Severzov Institute of Ecology and Ethology Problems RAN, but survived crossing with masses of ex-coursing greyhounds brought by long vehicles from Britain to regions of South Russia, Russian Borzois carrying ancient Russian bloods and serving as working hunting dogs in provinces replaced by Borzois of European and American import and judged in Russia to FCI standards and by FCI experts from abroad. Few of those Borzois can take part in real hunts in real surroundings demanding not only physical but behavioral training, tazys on the Russian territory as well as in Ukraine and Belorussia - sporadic and often not pure but carrying bloods of saluki or other sight hound breeds. The same with aboriginal Afghan Hounds and Taigans - breeds always tensely connected with aboriginal Russian sight- hounds on the border territories and brought to those of modern Russia according to historical evidence and used in breeding of Russian Borzoi.
4 - absence of united scientifically based strategy of those breeds’ preservation and any attention or material aid from the Russian Government (Ministry of Natural Recourses and Ecology) or any sponsor activity; there remains only one state kennel kept by the above-named RAS Institute, always supported by individual volunteer enthusiasm and now (worse than ever) not financed enough; absence of governmental understanding of these hounds’ value as national heritage as happened with Polish Hart;
5 - shortage of high level or even knowing specialists and show experts, lack of both modern breed standards and field trial rules and regulations considering specificity of aboriginal breeds and aims of their preservation.
All stated above except two first processes (inevitable but more or less influenceable, for example strict control of poacher motorcycle or car night hunt with lights on) in our opinion can and must be corrected quickly and determinably. The aim of our paper is to call attention of the international aboriginal dog community to the situation with aboriginal sight hounds in Russia and with that make a step towards improving it.
|16||Almaz Kurmankulov||Kyrgyz Sighthound Taigan. Ways to its restoration.||Association “Solto”||Bosogo Street 43, Kok-Jar, Bishkek, Kyrgrz Republiksity, Bosogo street, 43|
+ 996 771 800420; +996 543 800420; +996 559 800420.
|17||Rafael Balgin||Altruism and benefits in breeding of Kazakh Tazy in the Almaty Province of Kazakhstan.|
|Independent journalist of Kazakhstan, owner of Kazakh Tazy, breeder||Address: Kazakhstan, 050040, Almaty, ul. Markova 47A/60Telephone: +77753765028, +77017847508Email:|
|The article presents the aboriginal Kazakh Tazy as one of the key possessions of the freedom-loving Kazakh, according to the Kazakh traditional code -“Zheti Kazyn”. The commercial (“commercial/ show”) and traditional (“traditional /hunting”) aspects of keeping and breeding Tazys are also discussed. The advantages of the unselfish gifting of puppies and adult dogs and the traditions of stealing them without breaking the law are described. The article is aimed at presenting the real status of the Tazy as a hunting tool and as a companion, which in traditional Kazakh culture elevates this dog above being a mere item of property. Altruistic principles of breeding Tazys are opposed to traditional non-commercial benefits; and the commercial approach of modern times is alien to the basic Kazakh conscience.|
|18||Gertrude W. Hinsch||The domestic dog from Papua New Guinea to Southeast Asia||Professor Emerita, University of South Florida, Tampa||Address: 12005 Knights-Griffin Rd.Telephone- 813-986-2175Email: email@example.com||The development of human populations and their migrations|
have been studied for years. With the development of
modern research and technology, many changes have been
made in recent years. The history of modern man is rapidly
being changed as the results of this research are published.
In contrast, there are several questions regarding the origin(s) of
the domestic dog as well as the timing and location of such
origin(s). The domestic dog is a relatively recent ‘actor’ on the
In this presentation several dogs from the southeastern Pacific area will be presented and compared to each other. Humans migrated into these areas long before the development of the domestic dog. Included in this discussion will be possible times of arrival of the domestic dog in the lands they now inhabit as well as possible routes of migration.
One needs to recognize that in general the vast majority of
domestic dogs found in this vast area are not pets. Their
breedings are not controlled by the human population.
These dogs in general appear to survive as scavengers
akin to a symbiotic relationship with humans.
|19||L. W. Peng||Formosan Mountain Dogs: An Alive and Vital Historical Relic from Mountainous Island||Ecology and Evolution groups, Department of Life Sciences, National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan, ROC||Dr. C. S. Lin. (E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)||Taiwan is a mountainous island. There are 286 mountain summits over 3,000 meters above sea level on the island. Formosan mountain dogs (FMDs) inhabit this land with great terrain variation and changeable climate for least 5,000 years. These medium-sized dogs were used to hunt and guard by aboriginal people. FMDs are aboriginal dogs that self-wild and still possess wild nature include feral of personality, humanized intelligence, accurate sense of time, orientation and balance, excellent body structure and physiological adaptation, for example strong grip strength and jumping ability. In 1980, a cooperative study was carried out by National Taiwan University, Nagoya University, and Gifu University scholars all over most aboriginal tribes. The team found FMDs are extremely rare and will become extinct, with only 46 purebred individuals. The key reason is interbreeding with foreign dogs in the mid-20th century. In the 1980s, Ming-Nan Chen found the few remaining FMDs in the high mountains, and he started a breeding program and established Formosan Mountain Dogs Conservation Center (http://www.dogs.com.tw/index2.htm) to conserve the primitive dogs. In the application, besides hunting and guarding, FMDs have the potential to become a plain and/or high mountains rescue dogs via appropriate selection and training.|