Kenya Under Siege | List of all Major Terrorist Attacks Since Indepence
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01/03/1975
-1.2866557,36.8301421
OTC bus blast (Killed: 30)
In early 1975, the first bombs to strike independent Kenya exploded. In February, there were two blasts in central Nairobi, inside the Starlight nightclub and in a travel bureau near the Hilton hotel. The day after the second explosion, JM Kariuki revealed in Parliament that his car had been hit "by what seemed to be bullets".There were rumours of a botched attempt on his life. They were followed by a more serious blast in a Nairobi bus on 1 March, which killed 30 people. Despite a massive public outcry and a police manhunt, no arrests were made. For several days thereafter, the city lived in fear, destabilised by numerous telephone bomb hoaxes.


The bombings stopped after the news of the disappearance and murder of JM Kariuki became public.
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01/01/1980
-1.278073,36.816536
Norfolk Hotel bombing (Killed: 20, Injured: 80)
The second bombing happened on the Norfolk Hotel on New Year’s Eve 1980. In that attack, a bomb flattened the Norfolk Hotel in Nairobi, killing 20 people and injuring 80. Responsibility for the attack was claimed by an Arab group that said it was seeking retaliation for Kenya's allowing Israeli troops to refuel in Nairobi during the raid on Entebbe Airport in Uganda four years earlier to rescue hostages from a hijacked aircraft.

According to reports about that incident, international security agencies in conjunction with the Kenya Police had a prime suspect within hours. He was identified as 34-year-old Qaddura Mohammed Abdel al-Hamid of Morocco, and he was said to have checked into the Norfolk Hotel in Nairobi in the last week of 1980. Al-Hamid was found to have paid for his room up until New Year's Day, but slipped away on the afternoon of 31 December. He had boarded a plane for Saudi Arabia by the time the guests at the Norfolk assembled for a New Year's Eve dinner.
http://news.yahoo.com/kenya-mall-attack-echoes-1980-hotel-bombing-141916771.html
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07/08/1998
-1.2889734,36.8260498
United States embassy bombings (Killed: 224, Injured: 4000)
The bombing took place on 7 August 1998 at around 1030hrs EAT.
Later in an interview, then-US ambassador Prudence Bushnell said that a self-identified al-Qaeda operative had come into the Nairobi embassy in December 1997, 8 months before the attack, and warned that it would be blown up with a truck bomb.
http://africaanswerman.com/?p=2472
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28/11/2002
-3.8178067,39.8209655
Kikambala bombing (Killed: 13, Injured: 80)
On 28 November 2002 there were missile attack on an Israel Plane after take off from Mombasa airport. Subsequently there was an attack on Kikambala Hotel when they were receiving Israeli tourists.
http://www.umes.edu/cms300uploadedFiles/AJCJS/Volume_7_Issue_1_and_2/VOL7.1%20ARONSON%20FINAL.pdf
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24/10/2011
-1.2873462,36.8283192
Mwaura's bar grenade attack (Killed: 1, Injured: 20)
Hurled grenade left one person dead and wounded more than 20. Police said that the weapon used was a Russian-made F1 grenade.
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24/10/2011
-1.285853,36.834952
Machakos bus terminus grenade attack (Injured: 69)
a grenade was tossed out of a moving vehicle into the Machakos bus terminus. 59 men and ten women were subsequently hospitalised, of which two were in intensive care and five people were confirmed dead
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10/03/2012
-1.285853,36.834952
Machakos bus station grenade attack (Killed: 6, Injured: 60)
On 10 March 2012, six were killed and over sixty were injured after four grenades were thrown into a Machakos bus station in Nairobi.
http://sabahionline.com/en_GB/articles/hoa/articles/features/2012/03/12/feature-01
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29/04/2012
-1.2740789,36.8284801
Grenade attack at God's House of Miracles Church at Ngara Estate
On Sunday, 29 April 2012, around 8:50am, an attack took place at God's House of Miracles Church at Ngara Estate in Nairobi. As reported by one of the dailies, an attacker, who goes by the name Amar, entered the church and left. He later came back and took a seat in the back, hurling the grenade at worshipers while they had been called by the pastor to the pulpit. The experts said that the grenade used had been made in China.
One person died and 11 people were admitted at Kenyatta National Hospital.
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-17885476
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15/05/2012
-4.060804,39.67203
Grenade attack at Bella Vista nightclub Mombasa (Killed: 1, Inju
On Tuesday, 15 May, three hand grenades were hurled at the Bella Vista nightclub in Mombasa, Kenya, killing one and leaving five others injured. The attacker also fired indiscriminately after he was denied entry into the Bella Vista club. A woman died as a result of a gunshot to the chest the two guards were injured. A suspect who had sustained injuries in the attack was arrested in connection to the assault. A bus ticket to Nairobi was recovered from the suspect and a magazine loaded with eight rounds of ammunition. Police arrested a suspect Mr. Thabit Jamaldin Yahya. He is still in remand.
http://www.the-star.co.ke/classicnews/75966-grenade-attack-kills-one-in-mombasa-night-club
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28/05/2012
-1.2834163,36.8235368
Moi Avenue Blast (Injured: 27)
On Monday, 28 May, a blast went off from inside the Sasa Boutique located within Assanand's House on Nairobi's Moi Avenue. 27 people were injured in the blast, and it was reported that four were in critical condition. Police Commissioner Mathew Iteere said that the explosion was the result of either a grenade or a bomb. Over the course of four other May attacks, one police officer was killed and numerous others were injured.
http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/?articleID=2000058933&story_title=Blast-rocks-Kenyan-Capital---Nairobi
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24/06/2012
-4.0189,39.684088
Jericho Beer Garden, Mishomoroni Grenade Attack (Killed: 3, Inju
On Sunday, 24 June at around 10 pm EAT, another grenade attack was reported at a Jericho Beer Garden in Mishomoroni, Kisauni Constituency in Mombasa, Kenya. The bar was packed with patrons who had gathered to watch the UEFA European Championships 2012 football match between England and Italy. The grenade killed one person on the spot while two more died due to injuries while they were receiving treatment at the Coast general hospital. 30 more were injured, including a suspect who was alleged to be part of the attackers, a 9-year-old boy.
http://standardmedia.co.ke/?articleID=2000060541&story_title=Three-killed,-30-hospitalised-in-Mombasa-blast
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01/07/2012
-0.4591034,39.6485854
Garissa Churches Twin Gunmen Attacks (Killed: 17, Injured: 50)
On 1 July at around 10:15 am EAT, masked gunmen attacked two churches (the Central Catholic Cathedral and AIC churches) simultaneously in Garissa, located approximately 140 kilometres from the Somali border. The assailants killed seventeen people and left fifty injured. The churches are 3 kilometres apart and the dead included two police officers, four men, nine women and two children. The North Eastern Police Provincial Officer (PPO) Philip Ndolo reported that the gunmen attacked the two policemen first and took their firearms before they proceeded to attack the churches. The attackers used pistols to shoot the policemen at point blank range and then snatched their G3 rifles which were later used to shoot at the AIC church worshipers indiscriminately. No shooting was reported at the Catholic's Central Cathedral but a hand grenade was set off, resulting in less casualties than the AIC attack. The Supreme Muslim Council (SUPKEM) in Kenya warned of a misinterpretation of this attack as a religious war against the Christians. A joint effort by the Kenya Police, Administration Police, National Security Intelligence Service and the paramilitary General Service Unit saw the arrest of 83 suspects in connection with the attack during a massive security swoop after the attack.
http://www.nation.co.ke/News/Police+arrest+83+over+Garissa+church+attacks/-/1056/1445186/-/x45ft8/-/index.html
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18/07/2012
1.7647407,40.0764084
Wajir Barbershop Grenade Attack (Injured: 4)
Four people were reported injured on 18 July when two hand grenades went off at a barbershop in Wajir.
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25/07/2012
1.7647407,40.0764084
Landmine hit Police Car (Injured: 3)
Three police officers were injured on 25 July when their patrol hit a landmine.
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03/08/2012
-1.2688403,36.8423159
Kenya Airforce Base Eastleigh Attack (Killed: 1, Injured: 6)
On the evening of 3 August, one person was killed and six more were left injured at the Eastleigh neighbourhood near the Kenya Airforce headquarters in Nairobi. The attack came on the eve of a visit by Hillary Clinton, the United States secretary of state. The suicide bombing was inadvertently carried out by an innocent carrier of the detonated home-made device. The attackers have adopted a new way of executing their plans by giving unsuspecting citizens armed home-made explosives that they in turn detonate remotely at a safe distance.[41] The attackers have been using ordinary home equipment like the transistor radios and gas cylinders in their new methods. This attack on 3 August blew the upper torso of the carrier of the transistor radio which contained the explosive.
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28/08/2012
-4.0356052,39.6660891
28 August 2012 (Killed: 3, Injured: 12)
On 28 August, three Kenyan policeman are killed and over a dozen wounded in a grenade attack during riots in the port city of Mombasa over the killing of Islamist cleric Aboud Rogo Mohammed.
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30/09/2012
-1.2675661,36.8433929
St Polycarp Anglican Church (Killed: 1)
On 30 September, at around 10:30am, a 9-year-old boy was killed when a grenade was hurled towards Sunday school children at St Polycarp Anglican Church along Juja road in Nairobi.
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21/09/2012
-0.4591034,39.6485854
GSU lorry in Garissa attacked with grenade (Killed: 7)
On 21 September, four police officers and three civilians were injured during a series of two explosions. The first explosion targeted a GSU lorry and the secondary explosion went off when officers rushed to the scene.
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30/09/2012
-0.4591035,39.6485854
Two policers killed in Garissa (Killed: 2)
On 30 September, two police officers were shot dead from behind while patrolling along Ngamia road in Garissa.
http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/?articleID=2000067357&story_title=Two-APs-shot-dead-in-Garissa
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15/09/2012
Two APs injured by landmine explosion (Injured: 2)
15 September, two Administration Police officers were injured in an explosion when their vehicle hit a landmine.
http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/?articleID=2000066197
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27/10/2012
0.0981901,40.3330421
CID officer Yussuf Yero shot in Daadab (Killed: 1)
On 27 October, CID officer Yussuf Yero was shot and killed in a Hagdera, Daadab mosque as he read the Koran.
http://shabelle.net/cid-officer-shot-dead-in-mosque/
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11/11/2012
1.7845282,36.7838251
38 police killed by cattle ruslters (Killed: 38)
It was reported that on 11 November at least 38 police officers are killed by cattle rustlers in the northern part of the country
http://edition.cnn.com/2012/11/13/world/africa/kenya-ambush/index.html?hpt=hp_t3
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01/11/2012
-0.4591034,39.6485854
Policeman shot in Garissa (Killed: 1)
On 1 November, a policeman was shot dead and another seriously injured on by assailants in Garissa town. The officers were on patrol when they were ambushed by four men, one of whom was a teenager.
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04/11/2012
-0.4591034,39.6485854
Kenya policeman killed, 11 injured in church attack (Killed: 1,
On 4 November, a policeman has been killed and 10 people were injured in a grenade attack on a church in Kenya.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-20196493
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18/11/2012
-1.273041,36.8568132
IED Explodes in Eastleigh Mini-bus (Killed: 10, Injured: 25)
On Sunday, 18 November, ten people were killed and 25 seriously injured when an explosive went off on a mass transit mini-bus (matatu) in Eastleigh. The explosion is believed to be an improvised explosive device or bomb of some sort. Looting and destruction of Somali-owned homes and shops by angry mobs of young Kenyans ensues. Somalis defend their property, and interpret the bus explosion as a pretext for non-Somalis to steal from their community. Relative calm reportedly returns by mid-afternoon.
http://www.businessdailyafrica.com/6-dead-in-Eastleigh-matatu-explosion/-/539546/1624650/-/14asbjk/-/index.html
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05/12/2012
-1.273041,36.8568132
Roadside bomb in Eastleigh kills 1, wounds several (Killed: 1, I
On Wednesday, 5 December, around 7pm, an explosion went off in the Joska area of Eastleigh, Nairobi, killing one person and wounding six others. The explosion that occurred during rush hour traffic was caused by a roadside bomb, and was not far from the site of a blast a few weeks earlier.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-20617516
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07/12/2012
-1.273041,36.8568132
IED Explosion Near Eastleigh Mosque Kills 5 (Killed: 5, Injured:
On Friday, 7 December, around 7:30pm, five people were killed and eight others injured in an explosion near a mosque in the Eastleigh area of Nairobi. The wounded included the area member of parliament Abdi Yusuf Hassan.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-20645415
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16/12/2012
-1.273041,36.8568132
Attack at Eastleigh Mosque Kills One (Killed: 1)
A second attack was carried out at an Eastleigh mosque on 16 December, seriously injuring one person.
http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/?articleID=2000073065&story_title=Kenya-At-least-one-injured-in-Eastleigh-blast
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19/12/2012
-1.273041,36.8568132
Explosion Outside Al Amin Mosque Injures Two People (Injured: 2)
On 19 December, two people were injured after two blasts went off outside Al Amin mosque in Eastleigh area of Nairobi. The blasts took place during rush hour
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2012/12/20121219172758769966.html
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20/12/2012
-0.4591034,39.6485854
Al-Shabab Militants Kill Three in Garissa (Killed: 3, Injured: 1
Supected Al-shabab militants shot three people dead and injured one person on Kenyatta Street in Garissa on 20 December at 7 pm. The dead included a banker and a civil servant.
http://www.nation.co.ke/News/Panic-as-al-Shabaab-turn-Garissa-into-killing-field/-/1056/1649462/-/jhb21sz/-/index.html
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27/12/2012
3.9351149,41.8546848
Police Killed by Assailants in Mandera (Killed: 1, Injured: 1)
On 27 December, at 11 pm a police officer was shot dead while his colleague escaped unharmed after being attacked by suspected Islamists in Mandera town. The assailants also stole a G3 rifle from the two constables.
http://www.nation.co.ke/News/-/1056/1652946/-/x8fhjbz/-/index.html
33
30/09/2012
-1.270989,36.84282
St Polycarp's church attack
On 30 September 2012, the Sunday school of St Polycarp's church in Nairobi was attacked with grenades. According to newspaper reports, one child was killed. Kenyan police blamed the attack on Al-Shabaab sympathizers.
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21/09/2013
-1.256789,36.803293
Westgate shopping mall attack (Killed: 67, Injured: 175)
On 21 September 2013, Al-Shabaab associated gunmen targeted and shot customers at Nairobi's Westgate Shopping Mall. Over 80 people were reportedly killed in the attack.
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04/01/2013
0.213616,40.315718
Grenade Attack in Garissa (Killed: 2, Injured: 7)
On 4 January, at 7 pm, two people were killed and seven wounded in a grenade attack at Dagahale area in Garissa. The grenade was hurled from a saloon car at a tent where people were chewing khat.
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2013/01/20131571854963314.html
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07/01/2013
-0.4591034,39.6485854
Grenade attack on police car (Injured: 7)
Four people including three police officers were seriously wounded in a grenade attack on a police car in Garissa town.
http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/?articleID=2000074505&story_title=Kenya-Police-officers,-civilian-hurt-in-Garissa-attack
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09/01/2013
3.9351149,41.8546848
Two Grenades thrown into WFP compound ()
http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/?articleID=2000074682&story_title=Kenya-Two-grenades-thrown-into-WFP-premises
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16/01/2013
-0.4591034,39.6485854
Islamic militants shoot 5 dead (Killed: 5, Injured: 3)
On 16 January, suspected Islamic militants shot dead five people and injured three others at a restaurant in the eastern city of Garissa. Authorities said they believed the gunmen belonged to the Al-Shabaab group, as the victims included a senior prison warden, fitting a pattern of attacks against security forces
http://www.miamiherald.com/2013/01/16/3185638/kenya-police-suspected-militants.html
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17/01/2013
0.0981901,40.3330421
Two suicide bombers in Hadgera refugee camp (Killed: 2)
http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/index.php?articleID=2000075252&story_title=Kenya-Terror-suspects-die-after-bombs-explode-on-them
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31/01/2013
0.188355,40.2852344
Dadaab Police Vehicle Explosion (Injured: 3)
On 31 January, a blast injured three Kenyan policemen during the evening in the Dagahalley area of the northern town of Dadaab. The explosion had targeted a police vehicle. Police had earlier in the evening recovered two hand grenades
http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/?articleID=2000076477&story_title=Kenya---Suicide-bomber-killed-in-a-blast
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02/02/2013
1.7647407,40.0764084
KDF soldier killed in blast (Killed: 1, Injured: 3)
On 2 February, a KDF soldier was killed in a blast in Wajir after a terrorist who appeared to know him hurled a grenade at the man and his girlfriend. The officer was among several people on a break from the coordinated Linda Nchi operation in southern Somalia between the Somali military and Kenyan forces against the Al-Shabaab insurgents. Two other policemen were wounded in the explosion, while the woman had injuries to her legs.
http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/?articleID=2000076477&story_title=Kenya---Suicide-bomber-killed-in-a-blast
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05/02/2013
-0.4591034,39.6485854
Gunmen shoot dead officer in Garissa (Killed: 1)
On 5 February, an administration police sergeant was assassinated in Garissa. He had just arrived in the town from his habitual station in Dadaab when one of several gunmen shot him in the head. The assailants escaped the scene by foot, with police making no arrests.
http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/?articleID=2000076619&story_title=Kenya-Kenya:%20Gunmen%20shoot%20dead%20police%20officer
43
18/04/2013
-0.4591034,39.6485854
six killed, 10 injured in gun attack in Garissa (Killed: 6, Inju
On the evening of 18 April, four armed men walked into the Kwa Chege Hotel in Garissa and started shooting. At least six people were shot dead and ten others seriously wounded.
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/africa/2013-04/19/c_132321036.htm
44
09/06/2013
-4.0895704,39.6609265
Grenade attacks in Mombasa 12 injured (Injured: 12)
http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/?articleID=2000085594&story_title=grenade-attacks-in-mombasa-nairobi-leave-nine-injured
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06/06/2013
-1.273041,36.8568132
Grenade attacks in Eastleigh 3 injured (Injured: 3)
http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/?articleID=2000085594&story_title=grenade-attacks-in-mombasa-nairobi-leave-nine-injured
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13/12/2013
1.7647407,40.0764084
double blasts in the northeastern town of Wajir (Killed: 1, Inju
On 13 December 2013, double blasts in the northeastern town of Wajir killed one individual and wounded at least three other people.
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14/12/2013
-1.273041,36.8568132
(Killed: 4, Injured: 36)
On 14 December 2013, a hand grenade was thrown onto a minibus in Eastleigh. The Saturday evening explosion killed at least 4 people and wounded 36 others. It was the fourth such attack to occur during the 50th anniversary week of Kenya's independence. 13 people died since 10 December 2013, with no group claiming responsibility for the assaults.
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01/04/2014
-1.273041,36.8568132
Eastleigh attack (Killed: 6, Injured: 20)
On 1 April 2014, in the Eastleigh district of Nairobi, six people were killed and dozens more injured when terrorists exploded bombs at two separate locations about three hundred meters apart.
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23/04/2014
-1.271532,36.8401303
Pangani quarter matatu blast (Killed: 4, Injured: 30)
On 23 April 2014, a terrorist car bomb that exploded in Nairobi's Pangani quarter killed four people.
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03/05/2014
-4.057546,39.670429
Mombasa twin attacks (Killed: 3, Injured: 20)
On 3 May 2014, twin terrorist attacks in the port city of Mombasa killed three people.
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/kenya/10806810/Kenya-blasts-three-dead-after-twin-attacks-in-Mombasa.html
51
04/05/2014
-1.2426719,36.8685615
Thika Highway Twin Blast (Killed: 3, Injured: 62)
On 4 May 2014, on the Thika Highway in Nairobi, terrorists exploded homemade bombs on two commuter buses, nearly simultaneously and about a kilometer apart. According to the report, at least three people were killed and at least sixty-two others injured.
http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/thecounties/article/2000110963/3-dead-after-twin-blasts-hit-2-buses-along-nairobi-thika-highway
52
16/05/2014
-1.288049,36.841828
Gikomba Market Attack (Killed: 10, Injured: 70)
On 16 May 2014, at Gikomba Market in Nairobi, twin explosions claimed the lives of more than ten people
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-27443474
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23/05/2014
-4.0356052,39.6660891
Mombasa police vehicle grenade attack (Injured: 2)
On 23 May 2014, a grenade was thrown at a police vehicle carrying two suspects in the City of Mombasa. Two people were injured.
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16/06/2014
-2.3957657,40.6908596
Mpeketoni Attack (Killed: 60)
On 16 June 2014, at least 48 people were killed when suspected Shebab militants from Somalia stormed into a Kenyan coastal town and launched a major assault on a police station, hotels and government offices, officials said. Around 50 heavily-armed gunmen drove into the town of Mpeketoni, near the coastal island and popular tourist resort of Lamu, late on Sunday. Witnesses said they first attacked a police station, before starting to randomly shoot at civilians, some of whom had been watching the World Cup in local bars and hotels.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014_Mpeketoni_attacks
55
22/11/2014
3.9351149,41.8546848
Mandera Attack (Killed: 28)
On 22 November 2014, gunmen attacked a bus traveling from Mandera to Nairobi, killing 28 persons, mostly teachers and government workers heading to Nairobi for the December holidays
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/kenya-bus-attack-primary-school-head-teacher-plays-dead-to-escape-slaughter-by-islamic-extremists-9878003.html
56
02/12/2014
3.9351149,41.8546848
Mandera attack on Bus with teachers (Killed: 36)
On 2 December 2014, Al-Shabaab militants attacked and killed a further 36 quarry workers, many of whom were non-Muslims, near Mandera Town.
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/kenya-bus-attack-primary-school-head-teacher-plays-dead-to-escape-slaughter-by-islamic-extremists-9878003.html
57
31/03/2014
-1.273041,36.8568132
Eastleigh twin attacks (Killed: 6)
On 31 March 2014, a pair of explosions killed six people in Eastleigh. Occurring along 11th street around 7:30pm, one of the blasts took place near a food kiosk; the other near a bus stop
58
23/04/2014
-1.26997,36.836028
Pangani Police Station Car Explosion (Killed: 4)
On 23 April 2014, a car exploded at the Pangani police station in Nairobi, killing the four occupants: the driver, a passenger, and two police officers who had boarded the vehicle to guide it to the police station. A second vehicle with explosives was subsequently found abandoned just blocks away.
http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/thecounties/article/2000110101/police-officers-among-four-dead-in-pangani-explosion
59
05/04/2015
-0.4569, 39.6583
Garissa attack (Killed: 147, Injured: 79)
In April 2015, gunmen stormed the Garissa University College, killing almost 150 people and wounding several others. The attackers claimed to be from the Al-Shabaab militant group, and indicated that they were retaliating over non-Muslims occupying Muslim territory.[15] The militants took several students hostage, freeing Muslims but withholding Christians. Over 500 students were still unaccounted for.
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