The Opportunistic Database of Databases (ODD) for Biodiversity and Global Change
The worksheets here represent opportunistically-collated sources for:
* Biodiversity data (specimens, observations, etc.)
clustered by data type
* Georeferencing resources
Thank you to Xin Chen!
* Taxonomic name resolution
* Useful R packages related to biogeography, macroecology, spatial analysis, etc.
* And others (in progress... including environmental data)
|Given that they are opportunistic, they do not represent an attempt to be thorough, complete, or even precisely accurate. Rather, they represent a useful tool we wanted to share with others. If you have additions, corrections, or comments, please contact us. The database is available as a Google Sheet linked from www.earthSkySea.org. To ensure integrity, the sheets are locked except for comments. The easiest way to work with the database is probably to download it (File --> Download...) and work with it locally.|
Last update to any sheet:
For notes on important changes, please see below.
|Last snapshot on Zenodo:||2022-07-18|
|The Biodiversity Information Projects of the World project has a much larger list of biodiversity portals, although it ceased to be updated around 2015 and ~50% of its projects now have inactive links. Please see:|
GBIF's registry also records which databases are mirrored within it. Please see:
Adam B. Smith, PhD
Anna Willoughby, PhD Candidate
Associate Scientist in Global Change Conservation
Odum School of Ecology
Missouri Botanical Garden, Saint Louis MO 63110 USA
University of Georgia, Athens GA 30602
+01 1-314-577-9473 extension 76314
|The ODD FAQ|
How do I find data on XYZ?
|For specimen data, we recommend looking at the GBIF database first since it's intended to be the global meta-repository of all specimen data. Nonetheless, not all biodiversity data is on GBIF, and records that are served to GBIF from other databases do not necessarily contain all of the information available in the original database. Thus, it's often necessary to look at the primary databases where the original data is stored. If you download the DarwinCore format of data from GBIF you can find columns in that which will help you track down the primary databases.|
|How do I download data from XYZ?|
|Every database is different--if given the option, though, we recommend downloading the fullest version of the data that is available. This said, it's worth checking out our recomendations for downloading data from GBIF (and maybe any other portal using DarwinCore) and iDigBio.|
What other databases do you recommend?
|It really depends on what you are looking for and where the taxa in which you're interested reside. For specimen/observational data, other than suggesting GBIF as a "starting" place, we've decided not to strongly recommend specific databases. However, here are a few suggestions based on our experience, which is limited to the taxa on which we have conducted research.|
Marine species: OBIS
New World plants: BIEN
North American birds: eBird (also available on GBIF)
North American anything: BISON
Log of significant changes
This section documents important changes to ODD. In many cases, these changes are adopted "going forward",
meaning that they will affect all entries entered on or after the said date, but not before.
We will not note what entries were added/subtracted here; just changes to the datasheet structures.
These logs were begun in October of 2022, so previous changes are not reflected.
Every now and then, as also sort the rows in a datasheet alphabetcially (by the first column) if
no one is actually viewing the sheet at that time. We will not record these sortings.
Added columns "Date added" and "Last date modified" to "Biodiversity Data" tab