Shared Version T75 Table Global Octopus Q2 2020
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Fishery Information
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Improvement StatusFisheryFishSource RatingSustainability IssuesImprovement ObjectivesImprovements (2 years)FIP Rating & CommentAdditional Improvement Needs/Comments% of Sector
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)Western Asturias Octopus Traps FisheryNot yet scoredharvest strategy
Limited fishery information available
well-defined HCRs in place which are responsive to the state of the octopus stock in the coast of Asturias
develop and implement a monitoring, control and demonstrate an ability to enforce relevant management measures, strategies and/or rules.
?NANA0.01
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Improving (MSC FA)Western Australian Octopus FisheryNAFA started in Sept 2018Unknown0.01
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Improving (FIP A-C)Chile Patagonian red octopus - hookahHigh RiskNot all recommendations made by the scientific entity are assumed by management. The catch limits established in 2011 were no longer set. No specific goals are defined for the fishery.
There are no reliable or current estimates on illegal fishing and 7.5% of catches were under the minimum weight in 2009; since then landings’ weights and efficiency have reduced notoriously.
Biomass or fishing mortality reference points are not determined and only landings are monitored. The stock status is unknown and according to the monitoring program, the fishery is in a growth overfishing situation since large amounts of immature individuals are captured.
Manufacturing plants are not included in the monitoring program and many non-monitored octopuses are there processed from small ports.
Females protecting postures are more vulnerable to fishing and when removed eggs are likely to be lost, endangering future stability.
Non-selective gear harms individuals under the legal weight and other species, as these are inside small caves and divers can’t see them. Alternative gears don’t show good performances in comparison.
The interaction of the fishery with the habitat or environment is unknown. Non-target species are not identified.
Develop a Management Plan, in accordance with MSC Principles 1 and 2, by January 2021.FIP started in Oct 2018 with public record becoming available in March 2019. B - all goodUnknown0.2
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Improving (FIP A-C)India Kerala shrimp and cephalopods - trawlNot yet scored (Neglected Octopus
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?Achieve MSC certification by 2024.FIP started in Feb 2019 with public record becoming available in March 2019.C- all goodUnknown0.1
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Improving (FIP A-C)Japan Tomamae giant Pacific octopus - barrel flowingNot yet scored (North Pacific Giant Octopus Japan)?The objectives to be achieved by March 2023 are:
To have a harvest strategy that is robust and responsive to target stock abundance.
To have adequate information to support the harvest strategy and the assessment of the stock.
To have robust stock assessments that clearly show stock status.
To have information on fishery impacts on key ecosystem elements.
To have precautionary long-term objectives and fishery specific objectives that are consistent with principles 1 and 2 of the MSC standard.
To have appropriate decision-making processes in place.
FIP started in March 2019 with public record becoming available in April 2019A - all goodUnknown0.01
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Improving (FIP A-C)Mexico Bahia de Los Angeles octopus - trap/diver-caught/hand gatheredNot yet scored?By the project's target end date, the FIP hopes to achieve the following:

To improve the performance of the octpus fishery moving towards sustainability by December 2022
To conduct participatory management of the octopus fishery by December 2022
To perform the octopus fishery in an orderly manner by December 2022
To maintain a basic information system for the management of the octopus fishery by June 2019
To apply management strategies and comply with local regulations and agreements for the management of the octopus fishery by December 2022
To have a cold chain and production processing through quality controls by December 2022
To provide added value and open new marketing channels by December 2022
To maintain the economic benefits of fishermen by December 2022
FIP started in Jan 2018.C- all goodUnknown0,01 (of 8,4 in total)
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Improving (FIP A-C)Shantou-Taiwan shortarm octopus - jigNot yet scoredNo species-specific stock assessment is conducted.
There is little information available on stock assessment and environmental impacts but it is unclear if this is due it not existing or to it not being made public.
IUU fishing is known to occur despite no available and official data.
By March 2020, this FIP hopes to achieve the following objectives:

To better understand the octopus fishing dynamics and its impacts on the ecosystem while experimenting a traceability system jointly with all stakeholders including local government, research institute, industry, fisher and NGO.
To strengthen the knowledge of the reproduction and stock status of the shortarm octopus by investigating the spawning ground and studying potential measures to protect the spawning ground.
FIP was launched in Feb 2018 by Beaver Str. Fisheries and Shantou Haimao Foods Co. Ltd. and recorded publicly in March 2019.C- all goodUnknown0.2
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Improving (FIP A-C)Southwest Madagascar octopus - diving & gleaningNot yet scored?In creating a robust and sustainable management framework, the FIP will ensure that:
Good management stewardship and husbandry of the octopus resource is the status quo
The octopus resource remains a stable and productive driver of food and income for generations to come.
Positively improved catch handling and fishery interactions with the supply chain are developed
The fishery products are linked to more rewarding markets, ensuring that communities are given a fairer price for their catch
The value of the product is maximized bringing more money into the community for much-needed amenities and more money into fishing families to drive a higher standard of life.
By January 2022 we the fishery has reached a score of 80 or above for each of the performance indicators measured in the pre-assessment
FIP started by NGO group in March 2019.C- all goodUnknown0.1
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Improving (FIP A-C)Mexico Yucatan Octopus - drift rod and lineHigh RiskIUU
The artisanal fleet frequently catches undersized individuals.
Traditional biological points are not available and a full stock assessment hasn't been conducted.
Specific studies about the interaction of the fishery with the ecosystem and habitat are not known to be conducted.
The bait species (blue crab) is fully exploited.
Enter MSC full assessment in 2023.FIP has been launched in Jan 2019 and published in Aug 2019. C- all goodSupport FIP financially and broaden participation2,4 (of 8,4 in total)
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SR Active Priorities
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SR Improvement TargetMorocco Octopuses nei (FAO 34 & 37)High Risklong time gap between the CECAF working group session and the publication of the assessment report
data deficiency in environmental impact
High Discards
IUU
NANAestablish FIP11,7
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SR Improvement TargetMauritania Octopuses neiHigh Risklong time gap between the CECAF working group session and the publication of the assessment report
data deficiency in environmental impact
High Discards
IUU
Stock status: overfished (e.g. Common Octopus)
Comprehensive FIP in Initiation; compile further information on MSC Principle 2 missing from 2016 PAProspective FIP Mauritania octopus – bottom trawl/trap: FIP workplan has been drafted against MSC PA of 2016; MOU signed at public act during Brussels Seafood Expo by Mauritanian Stakeholders (Government, Institutes; Mauritanian industry) and Industry companies (Sea Delight= SR participant, Marpefish company)NASupport FIP Initiation and broaden participation4,9
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SR Improvement TargetMexico Octopuses nei NON FIP
(wild common octopus & wild four-eyed octopus from FAO 31)
High RiskIUU
The artisanal fleet frequently catches undersized individuals.
Traditional biological points are not available and a full stock assessment hasn't been conducted.
Specific studies about the interaction of the fishery with the ecosystem and habitat are not known to be conducted.
The bait species (blue crab) is fully exploited.
Broaden scope of existing FIPs2 FIPs have started in Mexico.NASupport FIP financially and broaden participation5.6
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SR Improvement TargetSenegal, octopus neiHigh RiskThere is a long time gap between the CECAF working group session and the publication of the assessment report.
More information on the possible effects of the octopus fishery in the environment is needed (e.g. PET species, benthic impacts).
Discard rates are very high.
There are IUU issues related with the fishery.
Initiate a FIPSR Participants are doing a stakeholder mapping and support initiation of a FIPNA1
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SR Future Priorities
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SR Improvement TargetChina, octopus nei Data DeficientNo species-specific stock assessment is conducted.
There is little information available on stock assessment and environmental impacts but it is unclear if this is due it not existing or to it not being made public.
IUU fishing is known to occur despite no available and official data.
FIP initiated by Beaver Street Fisheries with lead by China Blue in one specific fishery, establish harvest-landing monitoring mechanism to improve collection of fishery informationFIP started in March 2019 in one specific supply chain NASupport FIP Implementation; extend scale and scope of the FIP28,5
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SR Improvement TargetPhilippines Octopuses neiData DeficientStock assessments are not conducted for octopus in the Philippines, and consequently little is know about octopus stock status.
While some general conservation measures are in place for all commercial fisheries in the Philippines, there are no management measures specific to the octopus fishery.
Methods used in the harpoon fishery can have damaging effects on corals.
No FIP- SR members are working torwards developing FIPNANAFurther engage US and South Korea buyers to push for a FIP1
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SR Improvement TargetIndonesia Octopuses nei
(FAO 57 & 51)
Data DeficientNo management strategy is in place; the small-scale fisheries (SSFs) sector is practically unregulated in Indonesia.
Exploitation rates and the current status of the stock are unknown. Catch data is not disaggregated by species and does not include small-scale fisheries catch.
The fishery mostly takes place in shallow reefs, some impact (e.g., physical damage of the coral reefs) on these habitats is likely.
No FIP - SR members are working torwards developing FIPNANAFurther engage US and South Korea buyers to push for a FIP1,6
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SR Improvement TargetPortugal, common octopus (FAO 27)Not yet scored· NANo FIPNANAContinue with activities to engage Souther European industry and buyers1
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SR Improvement TargetSpain, common octopus (FAO 27, non-certified volume)Not yet scored· NANo FIPNANAContinue with activities to engage Souther European industry and buyers0.8
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SR Improvement TargetVietnam Octopuses neiNot yet scored· NANo FIPNANANeed to engage South Korean and Japanese industry and supply chains in improvements13.9
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Total74.70%
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Sustainable0,01%
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Improving3.03%
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SR Active Priority (Mobilise: FIP Catalysation Priorities)23.20%
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SR Future Priority (Engage: Leverage Development Priorities)34.50%
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SR Future Priority (Identify: Supply Chain mapping/Analysis)13.90%
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Targeted 2020 status (Sust/Imp+ SR Active Priority)26.24%
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