CAS Standards (ELA) & Technology
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Abbrev.Anchor Standards (see bottom tabs for suggested student skills & suggested tools by grade level bands)K123456789 & 1011 & 12
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RI2Reading: Key Ideas and Details

2. Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details
and ideas.
With prompting and support, ask and answer
questions about key details in a text.
Identify the main topic and retell key details of a
text.
Identify the main topic of a multiparagraph text
as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within
the text.
Determine the main idea of a text; recount the
key details and explain how they support the
main idea.
Determine the main idea of a text and explain
how it is supported by key details; summarize the
text.
Determine two or more main ideas of a text and
explain how they are supported by key details;
summarize the text.
Determine a central idea of a text and how it
is conveyed through particular details; provide
a summary of the text distinct from personal
opinions or judgments.
Determine two or more central ideas in a text
and analyze their development over the course
of the text; provide an objective summary of the
text.
Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its
development over the course of the text, including its
relationship to supporting ideas; provide an objective
summary of the text
Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course
of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific
details; provide an objective summary of the text.
Determine two or more central ideas of a text and analyze their development
over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another
to provide a complex analysis; provide an objective summary of the text.
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RI5Reading: Craft and Structure

5. Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.
Know and use various text features (e.g., headings, tables of contents, glossaries, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text.Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts of information in a text efficiently.Use text features and search tools (e.g., key words, sidebars, hyperlinks) to locate information relevant to a given topic efficiently.
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RI7Reading: Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

7. Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.
Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot.Interpret information presented visually, orally, or
quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams,
time lines, animations, or interactive elements
on Web pages) and explain how the information
contributes to an understanding of the text in
which it appears
Draw on information from multiple print or digital
sources, demonstrating the ability to locate
an answer to a question quickly or to solve a
problem efficiently.
Integrate information presented in different
media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively)
as well as in words to develop a coherent
understanding of a topic or issue.
Compare and contrast a text to an audio, video,
or multimedia version of the text, analyzing each
medium’s portrayal of the subject (e.g., how the
delivery of a speech affects the impact of the
words).
Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using
different mediums (e.g., print or digital text, video,
multimedia) to present a particular topic or idea.
Analyze various accounts of a subject told in different mediums (e.g., a
person’s life story in both print and multimedia), determining which details are
emphasized in each account.
Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in different
media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively) as well as in words in order to
address a question or solve a problem.
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SL1Speaking & Listening: Comprehension & Collaboration

1. Prepare for and participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners,
building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively
Participate in collaborative conversations with
diverse partners about kindergarten topics and
texts with peers and adults in small and larger
groups.
Participate in collaborative conversations with
diverse partners about grade 1 topics and
texts with peers and adults in small and larger
groups.
Participate in collaborative conversations with
diverse partners about grade 2 topics and
texts with peers and adults in small and larger
groups.
Engage effectively in a range of collaborative
discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacherled) with diverse partners on grade 3 topics and
texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing
their own clearly
Engage effectively in a range of collaborative
discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacherled) with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and
texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing
their own clearly.
Engage effectively in a range of collaborative
discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher led) with diverse partners on grade 5 topics,
texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and
expressing their own clearly.
Engage effectively in a range of collaborative
discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacherled) with diverse partners on grade 6 topics,
texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and
expressing their own clearly.
Engage effectively in a range of collaborative
discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher led) with diverse partners on grade 7 topics,
texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and
expressing their own clearly.
Engage effectively in a range of collaborative
discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher led) with diverse partners on grade 8 topics,
texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and
expressing their own clearly.
Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions
(one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 9–10
topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own
clearly and persuasively.
Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (oneon-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 11–12 topics,
texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and
persuasively.
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SL2Speaking & Listening: Comprehension & Collaboration

2. Integrate and evaluate information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and
orally.
Confirm understanding of a text read aloud or
information presented orally or through other
media by asking and answering questions
about key details and requesting clarification if
something is not understood.
Ask and answer questions about key details in a
text read aloud or information presented orally or
through other media.
Recount or describe key ideas or details from a
text read aloud or information presented orally or
through other media.
Determine the main ideas and supporting details
of a text read aloud or information presented in
diverse media and formats, including visually,
quantitatively, and orally
Paraphrase portions of a text read aloud or
information presented in diverse media and
formats, including visually, quantitatively, and
orally.
Summarize a written text read aloud or
information presented in diverse media and
formats, including visually, quantitatively, and
orally.
Interpret information presented in diverse media
and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally)
and explain how it contributes to a topic, text, or
issue under study.
Analyze the main ideas and supporting details
presented in diverse media and formats (e.g.,
visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how the
ideas clarify a topic, text, or issue under study.
Analyze the purpose of information presented
in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually,
quantitatively, orally) and evaluate the motives
(e.g., social, commercial, political) behind its
presentation.
Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse media or formats
(e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) evaluating the credibility and accuracy of
each source.
Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and
media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) in order to make informed decisions
and solve problems, evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source and
noting any discrepancies among the data.
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SL5Speaking and Listening: Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

5. Make strategic use of digital media and visual displays of data to express information and enhance understanding of presentations.
Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions as desired to provide additional detail.Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings. Create audio recordings of stories or poems; add drawings or other visual displays to stories or recounts of experiences when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings.Create engaging audio recordings of stories or poems that demonstrate fluid reading at an understandable pace; add visual displays when appropriate to emphasize or enhance certain facts or details.Add audio recordings and visual displays to presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes. Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, sound) and visual displays in presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes. Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, images, music, sound) and visual displays in presentations to clarify information. Include multimedia components and visual displays in presentations to clarify claims and findings and emphasize salient points. Integrate multimedia and visual displays into presentations to clarify information, strengthen claims and evidence, and add interest.Make strategic use of digital media (e.g., textual, graphical, audio, visual, and
interactive elements) in presentations to enhance understanding of findings,
reasoning, and evidence and to add interest.
Make strategic use of digital media (e.g., textual, graphical, audio, visual, and
interactive elements) in presentations to enhance understanding of findings,
reasoning, and evidence and to add interest.
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W1Writing: Text Types and Purposes

1. Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and
writing to compose opinion pieces in which they
tell a reader the topic or the name of the book
they are writing about and state an opinion or
preference about the topic or book (e.g., My
favorite book is . . .).
Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the
topic or name the book they are writing about,
state an opinion, supply a reason for the opinion,
and provide some sense of closure.
Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the
topic or book they are writing about, state an
opinion, supply reasons that support the opinion,
use linking words (e.g., because, and, also) to
connect opinion and reasons, and provide a
concluding statement or section.
Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting
a point of view with reasons.
Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a
point of view with reasons and information
Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a
point of view with reasons and information
Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of sbstantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of sbstantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.
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W2Writing: Text Types & Purposes

2. Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and
writing to compose informative/explanatory
texts in which they name what they are writing
about and supply some information about the
topic.
Write informative/explanatory texts in which they
name a topic, supply some facts about the topic,
and provide some sense of closure.
Write informative/explanatory texts in which
they introduce a topic, use facts and definitions
to develop points, and provide a concluding
statement or section.
Introduce a topic and group related
information together; include illustrations
when useful to aiding comprehension.
Introduce a topic clearly and group related
information in paragraphs and sections;
include formatting (e.g., headings),
illustrations, and multimedia when useful to
aiding comprehension.
Introduce a topic clearly, provide a general
observation and focus, and group related
information logically; include formatting (e.g.,
headings), illustrations, and multimedia when
useful to aiding comprehension.
Introduce a topic; organize ideas, concepts,
and information, using strategies such as
definition, classification, comparison/contrast,
and cause/effect; include formatting (e.g.,
headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables),
and multimedia when useful to aiding
comprehension.
Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what
is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and
information, using strategies such as definition,
classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/
effect; include formatting (e.g., headings),
graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia
when useful to aiding comprehension.
Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what
is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and
information into broader categories; include
formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g.,
charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to
aiding comprehension.
Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.
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W5Writing: Production and Distribution of Writing
5. Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.
With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing.With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, and editing.With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.With some guidance and support from peers and aldults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed.With some guidance and support from peers and aldults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed.Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience.Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on addressing what is most significant for a specific purpose and audience.
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W6Writing: Production and Distribution of Writing

6 (K-5). Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and to interact and collaborate with others.

6 (6 - 8) Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and present the relationships between information and ideas clearly and efficiently.
With guidance and support from adults, explore a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers.With guidance and support from adults, use technology to produce and publish writing (using keyboarding skills) as well as to interact and collaborate with others.With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of one page in a single sitting.With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of two pages in a single sitting.Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writings as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of three pages in a single setting.Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and link to and cite sources as well as to interact and collaborate with others, including linking to and citing sources.Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and present the relationships between information and ideas efficiently as well as to interact and collaborate with others.Use technology, including the Internet, to produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products, taking advantage of technology's capacity to link to other information and to display information flexibly and dynamically.Use technology, including the Internet, to produce, publish, and update individual or shared writing products in response to ongoing feedback, including new arguments or information.
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W7Writing: Research to Build and Present Knowledge

7. Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects based on focused questions, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.
Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of books by a favorite author and express opinions about them).Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., explore a number of "how-to" books on a given topic and use the to write a sequence of instructions).Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., read a number of books on a single topic to produce a report; record science observations).Conduct short projects that build knowledge about a topic.Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.Conduct short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and refocusing the inquiry when appropriate.Conduct short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions for further research and investigation.Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.Conduct short as well as more sustained research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question) or solve a problem; narrow or broaden the inquiry when appropriate; synthesize multiple sources on the subject, demonstrating understanding of the subject under investigation.
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W8Writing: Research to Build and Present Knowledge

8. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, assess the credibility and accuracy of each source, and integrate the information while avoiding plagiarism.
With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a questionWith guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question. Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.Recall information from experiences or gather information from print and digital sources; take brief notes on sources and sort evidence into provided categories.Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; summarize or paraphrase information in notes and finished work, and provide a list of sourcesGather relevant information from multiple print and digital souces; assess the credibility of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and providing basic bibliographic information for sources.Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the usefulness of each source in answering the research question; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the usefulness of each source in answering the research question; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.
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L4Language: Vocabulary acquisition and Use

4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases by using context clues,
analyzing meaningful word parts, and consulting general and specialized reference materials, as appropriate.
Use glossaries and beginning dictionaries, both
print and digital, to determine or clarify the
meaning of words and phrases
Use glossaries or beginning dictionaries, both
print and digital, to determine or clarify the
precise meaning of key words and phrases.
Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries,
glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital,
to find the pronunciation and determine or
clarify the precise meaning of key words and
phrases.
Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries,
glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital,
to find the pronunciation and determine or
clarify the precise meaning of key words and
phrases.
Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries,
glossaries, thesauruses), both print and
digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or
determine or clarify its precise meaning or its
part of speech.
Consult general and specialized reference
materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries,
thesauruses), both print and digital, to find
the pronunciation of a word or determine
or clarify its precise meaning or its part of
speech.
Consult general and specialized reference
materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries,
thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the
pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify
its precise meaning or its part of speech.
Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries,
glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of
a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning, its part of speech, or its
etymology.
Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries,
glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation
of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning, its part of speech, its
etymology, or its standard usage
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K-12
K-2
3-5
6-8
9-12