Help-Seeking Factors Mind Map Citations Table (v1.1)
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Help-Seeking Factors Mind Map Citations Table (v1.1)
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Source: http://drjosephhammer.com/research/help-seeking-variable-mind-map/
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Name of construct 1 (Predictor variable, on the left)Name of instrument/subscale used to measure construct 1Name of construct 2 (Criterion variable, on the right)Name of instrument/subscale used to measure construct 2Name of the Figure or Table from which the association was retrievedAPA-Style Citation for the article from which this association was retrieved (select cell, expand column, or enable 'wrap text' to see entire citation)Short Cite FormatStandardized Beta Coefficient, often abbreviated "β", an alternative measure to a correlation coefficient that is used in multiple regression, path analysis, and structural equation modeling, often what is reported in those Figures in studies using path analysis or SEM.Yes/No: Did they report more than one correlation/beta for a given relationship between two variables? For example, did they report effect sizes for both men and then for women? Or for a full model and then for a partially mediated model?
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HS Attitudes
Attitudes Towards Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (Fischer & Farina, 1995)
HS Intention
Intentions to Seek Counseling Inventory (ISCI; Cash, Begley, McCown, & Weise, 1975)
Figure 2A
Vogel, D. L., Wade, N. G., & Hackler, A. H. (2007). Perceived public stigma and the willingness to seek counseling: The mediating roles of self-stigma and attitudes toward counseling. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 54(1), 40-50. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.54.1.40
Vogel 070.59Yes, a final mediated model and a comparison partially mediated model
5
HS Self-StigmaSelf-Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH; Vogel et al., 2006)HS Attitudes
Attitudes Towards Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (Fischer & Farina, 1995)
Figure 2A
Vogel, D. L., Wade, N. G., & Hackler, A. H. (2007). Perceived public stigma and the willingness to seek counseling: The mediating roles of self-stigma and attitudes toward counseling. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 54(1), 40-50. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.54.1.40
Vogel 07-0.79Yes, a final mediated model and a comparison partially mediated model
6
HS Public StigmaPerceived Devaluation–Discrimination scale (Link et al., 1987)HS Self-StigmaSelf-Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH; Vogel et al., 2006)Figure 2A
Vogel, D. L., Wade, N. G., & Hackler, A. H. (2007). Perceived public stigma and the willingness to seek counseling: The mediating roles of self-stigma and attitudes toward counseling. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 54(1), 40-50. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.54.1.40
Vogel 070.26Yes, a final mediated model and a comparison partially mediated model
7
HS IntentionIntention to Seek Counseling Inventory (ISCI; Cash, Begley, McCown, & Weise, 1975).HS Attitudes
10-item Attitudes Towards Seek- ing Professional Psychological Help Scale—short version (ATSPPHS-S; Fischer & Farina, 1995).
Figure IV
Shechtman, Z., Vogel, D., & Maman, N. (2010). Seeking psychological help: A comparison of individual and group treatment. Psychotherapy Research, 20(1), 30-36. doi:10.1080/10503300903307648
Schectman 10
0.4
Yes, an expanded model for individual treatment and an expanded model for group treatment as well as basic models for each
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HS IntentionIntention to Seek Counseling Inventory (ISCI; Cash, Begley, McCown, & Weise, 1975).GenderQuestionnaireFigure IV
Shechtman, Z., Vogel, D., & Maman, N. (2010). Seeking psychological help: A comparison of individual and group treatment. Psychotherapy Research, 20(1), 30-36. doi:10.1080/10503300903307648
Schectman 10
-0.11
Yes, an expanded model for individual treatment and an expanded model for group treatment as well as basic models for each
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HS IntentionIntention to Seek Counseling Inventory (ISCI; Cash, Begley, McCown, & Weise, 1975).EthnicityQuestionnaireFigure IV
Shechtman, Z., Vogel, D., & Maman, N. (2010). Seeking psychological help: A comparison of individual and group treatment. Psychotherapy Research, 20(1), 30-36. doi:10.1080/10503300903307648
Schectman 10
-0.19
Yes, an expanded model for individual treatment and an expanded model for group treatment as well as basic models for each
10
HS Attitudes
10-item Attitudes Towards Seek- ing Professional Psychological Help Scale—short version (ATSPPHS-S; Fischer & Farina, 1995).
Undergraduate MajorQuestionnaireFigure IV
Shechtman, Z., Vogel, D., & Maman, N. (2010). Seeking psychological help: A comparison of individual and group treatment. Psychotherapy Research, 20(1), 30-36. doi:10.1080/10503300903307648
Schectman 10
-0.16
Yes, an expanded model for individual treatment and an expanded model for group treatment as well as basic models for each
11
HS Attitudes
10-item Attitudes Towards Seek- ing Professional Psychological Help Scale—short version (ATSPPHS-S; Fischer & Farina, 1995).
HS Self-Stigma10-item Self- Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH; Vogel et al., 2006)Figure IV
Shechtman, Z., Vogel, D., & Maman, N. (2010). Seeking psychological help: A comparison of individual and group treatment. Psychotherapy Research, 20(1), 30-36. doi:10.1080/10503300903307648
Schectman 10
-0.41
Yes, an expanded model for individual treatment and an expanded model for group treatment as well as basic models for each
12
HS Self-Stigma10-item Self- Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH; Vogel et al., 2006)AgeQuestionnaireFigure IV
Shechtman, Z., Vogel, D., & Maman, N. (2010). Seeking psychological help: A comparison of individual and group treatment. Psychotherapy Research, 20(1), 30-36. doi:10.1080/10503300903307648
Schectman 10
-0.17
Yes, an expanded model for individual treatment and an expanded model for group treatment as well as basic models for each
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Undergraduate MajorquestionnaireAgeQuestionnaireFigure IV
Shechtman, Z., Vogel, D., & Maman, N. (2010). Seeking psychological help: A comparison of individual and group treatment. Psychotherapy Research, 20(1), 30-36. doi:10.1080/10503300903307648
Schectman 10
-0.26
Yes, an expanded model for individual treatment and an expanded model for group treatment as well as basic models for each
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AgequestionnaireEthnicityQuestionnaireFigure IV
Shechtman, Z., Vogel, D., & Maman, N. (2010). Seeking psychological help: A comparison of individual and group treatment. Psychotherapy Research, 20(1), 30-36. doi:10.1080/10503300903307648
Schectman 10
0.24
Yes, an expanded model for individual treatment and an expanded model for group treatment as well as basic models for each
15
GenderquestionnaireEthnicityQuestionnaireFigure IV
Shechtman, Z., Vogel, D., & Maman, N. (2010). Seeking psychological help: A comparison of individual and group treatment. Psychotherapy Research, 20(1), 30-36. doi:10.1080/10503300903307648
Schectman 10
0.14
Yes, an expanded model for individual treatment and an expanded model for group treatment as well as basic models for each
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Psychological Distress
Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-21 (HSCL-21; Green, Walkey, McCormick, & Taylor, 1988)
HS Intention
Intentions to Seek Counseling Inventory (ISCI; Cash, Begley, McCown, & Weise, 1975)
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., & Wei, M. (2005). Adult Attachment and Help-Seeking Intent: The Mediating Roles of Psychological Distress and Perceived Social Support. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(3), 347-357. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.3.347
Vogel 05a0.27No
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Attachment AnxietyAnxiety subscale of the Close Relationships Scale (ECRS; Brennan et al., 1998)HS Intention
Intentions to Seek Counseling Inventory (ISCI; Cash, Begley, McCown, & Weise, 1975)
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., & Wei, M. (2005). Adult Attachment and Help-Seeking Intent: The Mediating Roles of Psychological Distress and Perceived Social Support. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(3), 347-357. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.3.347
Vogel 05a0.17No
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Attachment AvoidanceAvoidance subscale of the Close Relationships Scale (ECRS; Brennan et al., 1998)HS Intention
Intentions to Seek Counseling Inventory (ISCI; Cash, Begley, McCown, & Weise, 1975)
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., & Wei, M. (2005). Adult Attachment and Help-Seeking Intent: The Mediating Roles of Psychological Distress and Perceived Social Support. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(3), 347-357. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.3.347
Vogel 05a-0.26No
19
Attachment AnxietyAnxiety subscale of the Close Relationships Scale (ECRS; Brennan et al., 1998)Psychological Distress
Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-21 (HSCL-21; Green, Walkey, McCormick, & Taylor, 1988)
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., & Wei, M. (2005). Adult Attachment and Help-Seeking Intent: The Mediating Roles of Psychological Distress and Perceived Social Support. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(3), 347-357. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.3.347
Vogel 05a0.48No
20
Social SupportSocial Provisions Scale (SPS; Cutrona & Russell, 1987)Psychological Distress
Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-21 (HSCL-21; Green, Walkey, McCormick, & Taylor, 1988)
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., & Wei, M. (2005). Adult Attachment and Help-Seeking Intent: The Mediating Roles of Psychological Distress and Perceived Social Support. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(3), 347-357. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.3.347
Vogel 05a-0.37No
21
Attachment AnxietyAnxiety subscale of the Close Relationships Scale (ECRS; Brennan et al., 1998)Social SupportSocial Provisions Scale (SPS; Cutrona & Russell, 1987)Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., & Wei, M. (2005). Adult Attachment and Help-Seeking Intent: The Mediating Roles of Psychological Distress and Perceived Social Support. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(3), 347-357. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.3.347
Vogel 05a-0.21No
22
Attachment AvoidanceAvoidance subscale of the Close Relationships Scale (ECRS; Brennan et al., 1998)Social SupportSocial Provisions Scale (SPS; Cutrona & Russell, 1987)Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., & Wei, M. (2005). Adult Attachment and Help-Seeking Intent: The Mediating Roles of Psychological Distress and Perceived Social Support. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(3), 347-357. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.3.347
Vogel 05a-0.36No
23
Attachment AnxietyAnxiety subscale of the Close Relationships Scale (ECRS; Brennan et al., 1998)Attachment AvoidanceAvoidance subscale of the Close Relationships Scale (ECRS; Brennan et al., 1998)Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., & Wei, M. (2005). Adult Attachment and Help-Seeking Intent: The Mediating Roles of Psychological Distress and Perceived Social Support. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(3), 347-357. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.3.347
Vogel 05a0.26No
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HS Attitudes
Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale Fischer & Farina, 1995)
HS Intention
Intentions to Seek Counseling Inventory (ISCI; Cash, Begley, McCown, & Wiese, 1975).
Figure 2
Pederson, E. L., & Vogel, D. L. (2007). Male gender role conflict and willingness to seek counseling: Testing a mediation model on college-aged men. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 54(4), 373-384. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.54.4.373
Pederson 070.56No
25
HS Self-StigmaSelf-Stigma of Seeking Help (SSOSH; Vogel et al., 2006)HS Attitudes
Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale Fischer & Farina, 1995)
Figure 2
Pederson, E. L., & Vogel, D. L. (2007). Male gender role conflict and willingness to seek counseling: Testing a mediation model on college-aged men. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 54(4), 373-384. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.54.4.373
Pederson 07-0.65No
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Gender Role Conflict
O’Neil, Helms, Gable, David, and Wrightsman’s (1986) Gender Role Conflict Scale–I (GCRS-I).
HS Self-StigmaSelf-Stigma of Seeking Help (SSOSH; Vogel et al., 2006)Figure 2
Pederson, E. L., & Vogel, D. L. (2007). Male gender role conflict and willingness to seek counseling: Testing a mediation model on college-aged men. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 54(4), 373-384. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.54.4.373
Pederson 070.37No
27
Gender Role Conflict
O’Neil, Helms, Gable, David, and Wrightsman’s (1986) Gender Role Conflict Scale–I (GCRS-I).
Comfort with Self-Disclosure of DistressDistress Disclosure Index (DDI; Kahn & Hessling, 2001)Figure 2
Pederson, E. L., & Vogel, D. L. (2007). Male gender role conflict and willingness to seek counseling: Testing a mediation model on college-aged men. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 54(4), 373-384. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.54.4.373
Pederson 07-0.42No
28
HS Self-StigmaSelf-Stigma of Seeking Help (SSOSH; Vogel et al., 2006)Comfort with Self-Disclosure of DistressDistress Disclosure Index (DDI; Kahn & Hessling, 2001)Figure 2
Pederson, E. L., & Vogel, D. L. (2007). Male gender role conflict and willingness to seek counseling: Testing a mediation model on college-aged men. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 54(4), 373-384. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.54.4.373
Pederson 07-0.08No
29
Comfort with Self-Disclosure of DistressDistress Disclosure Index (DDI; Kahn & Hessling, 2001)HS Attitudes
Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale Fischer & Farina, 1995)
Figure 2
Pederson, E. L., & Vogel, D. L. (2007). Male gender role conflict and willingness to seek counseling: Testing a mediation model on college-aged men. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 54(4), 373-384. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.54.4.373
Pederson 070.21No
30
Gender Role Conflict
O’Neil, Helms, Gable, David, and Wrightsman’s (1986) Gender Role Conflict Scale–I (GCRS-I).
HS Intention
Intentions to Seek Counseling Inventory (ISCI; Cash, Begley, McCown, & Wiese, 1975).
Figure 2
Pederson, E. L., & Vogel, D. L. (2007). Male gender role conflict and willingness to seek counseling: Testing a mediation model on college-aged men. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 54(4), 373-384. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.54.4.373
Pederson 070.13No
31
Self-ConcealmentSelf-Concealment Scale (SCS; Larson & Chastain, 1990).Postive Social Experiences
Social Experiences Checklist (SEC; Van Oostrom, Tijhuis, De Haes, Tempelaar, & Krom- hout, 1995)
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., & Armstrong, P. I. (2010). Self-concealment and willingness to seek counseling for psychological, academic, and career issues. Journal Of Counseling & Development, 88(4), 387-396. doi:10.1002/j.1556-6678.2010.tb00038.x
Vogel 10-0.38No
32
Positive- within the social support bubble (Positive Social Experiences)
Social Experiences Checklist (SEC; Van Oostrom, Tijhuis, De Haes, Tempelaar, & Krom- hout, 1995)
Psychological Distress
Hopkins Symptom Checklist-21 (HSCL-21; Green, Walkey, McCormick, & Taylor, 1988).
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., & Armstrong, P. I. (2010). Self-concealment and willingness to seek counseling for psychological, academic, and career issues. Journal Of Counseling & Development, 88(4), 387-396. doi:10.1002/j.1556-6678.2010.tb00038.x
Vogel 10-0.09No
33
Psychological Distress
Hopkins Symptom Checklist-21 (HSCL-21; Green, Walkey, McCormick, & Taylor, 1988).
HS Intention (Willingness to Seek Counseling)
Intentions to Seek Counseling Inventory (ISCI; Cash, Begley, McCown, & Weise, 1975)
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., & Armstrong, P. I. (2010). Self-concealment and willingness to seek counseling for psychological, academic, and career issues. Journal Of Counseling & Development, 88(4), 387-396. doi:10.1002/j.1556-6678.2010.tb00038.x
Vogel 100.25No
34
Self-ConcealmentSelf-Concealment Scale (SCS; Larson & Chastain, 1990).Negative Social Experiences
Social Experiences Checklist (SEC; Van Oostrom, Tijhuis, De Haes, Tempelaar, & Krom- hout, 1995)
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., & Armstrong, P. I. (2010). Self-concealment and willingness to seek counseling for psychological, academic, and career issues. Journal Of Counseling & Development, 88(4), 387-396. doi:10.1002/j.1556-6678.2010.tb00038.x
Vogel 100.45No
35
Negative Social Experiences
Social Experiences Checklist (SEC; Van Oostrom, Tijhuis, De Haes, Tempelaar, & Krom- hout, 1995)
Psychological Distress
Hopkins Symptom Checklist-21 (HSCL-21; Green, Walkey, McCormick, & Taylor, 1988).
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., & Armstrong, P. I. (2010). Self-concealment and willingness to seek counseling for psychological, academic, and career issues. Journal Of Counseling & Development, 88(4), 387-396. doi:10.1002/j.1556-6678.2010.tb00038.x
Vogel 100.66No
36
HS Public Stigma (Social Stigma)Stigma Scale for Receiving Psychological Help (SSRPH; Komiya et al., 2000)
HS Attitudes (attitudes towards seeking professional help)
Attitudes Toward Seeking Pro- fessional Psychological Help Scale (ATSPPHS; Fischer & Farina, 1995)
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., Wester, S. R., Wei, M., & Boysen, G. A. (2005). The Role of Outcome Expectations and Attitudes on Decisions to Seek Professional Help. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(4), 459-470. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.4.459
Vogel 05b-0.23No
37
HS Attitudes (attitudes towards seeking professional help)
Attitudes Toward Seeking Pro- fessional Psychological Help Scale (ATSPPHS; Fischer & Farina, 1995)
HS Intention (Intent to seek help for interpersonal issues)
Intentions to Seek Counseling Inventory (ISCI; Cash, Begley, McCown, & Weise, 1975).
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., Wester, S. R., Wei, M., & Boysen, G. A. (2005). The Role of Outcome Expectations and Attitudes on Decisions to Seek Professional Help. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(4), 459-470. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.4.459
Vogel 05b0.52No
38
Judgement from Therapist (Treatment Fears)Thoughts About Psychotherapy Survey (TAPS; Kushner & Sher, 1989).
HS Intention (Intent to seek help for interpersonal issues)
Intentions to Seek Counseling Inventory (ISCI; Cash, Begley, McCown, & Weise, 1975).
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., Wester, S. R., Wei, M., & Boysen, G. A. (2005). The Role of Outcome Expectations and Attitudes on Decisions to Seek Professional Help. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(4), 459-470. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.4.459
Vogel 05b0.27No
39
Comfort with Self-Disclosure of Distress (Self-Disclosure)
12-item Distress Disclosure Index (DDI; Kahn & Hessling, 2001).
HS Attitudes (attitudes towards seeking professional help)
Attitudes Toward Seeking Pro- fessional Psychological Help Scale (ATSPPHS; Fischer & Farina, 1995)
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., Wester, S. R., Wei, M., & Boysen, G. A. (2005). The Role of Outcome Expectations and Attitudes on Decisions to Seek Professional Help. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(4), 459-470. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.4.459
Vogel 05b0.19No
40
Comfort with Self-Disclosure of Distress (Self-Disclosure)
12-item Distress Disclosure Index (DDI; Kahn & Hessling, 2001).
HS Intention (Intent to seek help for interpersonal issues)
Intentions to Seek Counseling Inventory (ISCI; Cash, Begley, McCown, & Weise, 1975).
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., Wester, S. R., Wei, M., & Boysen, G. A. (2005). The Role of Outcome Expectations and Attitudes on Decisions to Seek Professional Help. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(4), 459-470. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.4.459
Vogel 05b0.16No
41
HS Anticipated Outcomes (Anticipated Utility)Disclosure Expectations Scale (DES; Vogel & Wester, 2003).
HS Attitudes (attitudes towards seeking professional help)
Attitudes Toward Seeking Pro- fessional Psychological Help Scale (ATSPPHS; Fischer & Farina, 1995)
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., Wester, S. R., Wei, M., & Boysen, G. A. (2005). The Role of Outcome Expectations and Attitudes on Decisions to Seek Professional Help. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(4), 459-470. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.4.459
Vogel 05b0.5No
42
HS Attitudes (attitudes towards seeking professional help)
Attitudes Toward Seeking Pro- fessional Psychological Help Scale (ATSPPHS; Fischer & Farina, 1995)
HS Drug/Alcohol Intention (Intent to Seek Help for Drug/Alcohol Issues)Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., Wester, S. R., Wei, M., & Boysen, G. A. (2005). The Role of Outcome Expectations and Attitudes on Decisions to Seek Professional Help. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(4), 459-470. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.4.459
Vogel 05b0.24No
43
HS Within-Group Norm (Social Norm- friends or close others)
question used by Bayer and Peay (1997). It asks participants to rate on a Likert-type scale ranging from 3 (likely) to 3 (unlikely) the item: “Most people who are important to me would think that I should seek help from a mental health professional if I were experiencing a persistent personal problem in my life.”
HS Attitudes (attitudes towards seeking professional help)
Attitudes Toward Seeking Pro- fessional Psychological Help Scale (ATSPPHS; Fischer & Farina, 1995)
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., Wester, S. R., Wei, M., & Boysen, G. A. (2005). The Role of Outcome Expectations and Attitudes on Decisions to Seek Professional Help. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(4), 459-470. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.4.459
Vogel 05b0.2No
44
Social SupportSocial Provisions Scale (SPS; Cutrona & Russell, 1987).
HS Attitudes (attitudes towards seeking professional help)
Attitudes Toward Seeking Pro- fessional Psychological Help Scale (ATSPPHS; Fischer & Farina, 1995)
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., Wester, S. R., Wei, M., & Boysen, G. A. (2005). The Role of Outcome Expectations and Attitudes on Decisions to Seek Professional Help. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(4), 459-470. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.4.459
Vogel 05b-0.13No
45
Previous TherapySelf-report
HS Attitudes (attitudes towards seeking professional help)
Attitudes Toward Seeking Pro- fessional Psychological Help Scale (ATSPPHS; Fischer & Farina, 1995)
Figure 2
Vogel, D. L., Wester, S. R., Wei, M., & Boysen, G. A. (2005). The Role of Outcome Expectations and Attitudes on Decisions to Seek Professional Help. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 52(4), 459-470. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.4.459
Vogel 05b0.15No
46
Drive for MuscularityDrive for Muscularity Scale (DMS).Gender Role ConflictGRCS (O’Neil et al., 1986).Figure 1
Shepherd, C. B., & Rickard, K. M. (2012). Drive for muscularity and help-seeking: The mediational role of gender role conflict, self-stigma, and attitudes. Psychology Of Men & Masculinity, 13(4), 379-392. doi:10.1037/a0025923
Shepherd 110.29No
47
Gender Role ConflictGRCS (O’Neil et al., 1986).HS Self-StigmaSelf-Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSHS; Vogel, Wade, & Haake, 2006)Figure 1
Shepherd, C. B., & Rickard, K. M. (2012). Drive for muscularity and help-seeking: The mediational role of gender role conflict, self-stigma, and attitudes. Psychology Of Men & Masculinity, 13(4), 379-392. doi:10.1037/a0025923
Shepherd 110.48No
48
HS Self-StigmaSelf-Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSHS; Vogel, Wade, & Haake, 2006)HS Attitudes
Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psycho- logical Help Scale (ATSPPHS; Fischer & Fa- rina, 1995).
Figure 1
Shepherd, C. B., & Rickard, K. M. (2012). Drive for muscularity and help-seeking: The mediational role of gender role conflict, self-stigma, and attitudes. Psychology Of Men & Masculinity, 13(4), 379-392. doi:10.1037/a0025923
Shepherd 11-0.65No
49
HS Attitudes
Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psycho- logical Help Scale (ATSPPHS; Fischer & Fa- rina, 1995).
HS Intention
Intentions to Seek Professional Psychologi- cal Help Scale (ISPPHS; Deane, Skogstad, & Williams, 1999).
Figure 1
Shepherd, C. B., & Rickard, K. M. (2012). Drive for muscularity and help-seeking: The mediational role of gender role conflict, self-stigma, and attitudes. Psychology Of Men & Masculinity, 13(4), 379-392. doi:10.1037/a0025923
Shepherd 110.42No
50
Drive for MasculinityDrive for Muscularity Scale (DMS).HS Self-StigmaSelf-Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSHS; Vogel, Wade, & Haake, 2006)Figure 1
Shepherd, C. B., & Rickard, K. M. (2012). Drive for muscularity and help-seeking: The mediational role of gender role conflict, self-stigma, and attitudes. Psychology Of Men & Masculinity, 13(4), 379-392. doi:10.1037/a0025923
Shepherd 110.25No
51
Gender Role ConflictGRCS (O’Neil et al., 1986).HS Attitudes
Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psycho- logical Help Scale (ATSPPHS; Fischer & Fa- rina, 1995).
Figure 1
Shepherd, C. B., & Rickard, K. M. (2012). Drive for muscularity and help-seeking: The mediational role of gender role conflict, self-stigma, and attitudes. Psychology Of Men & Masculinity, 13(4), 379-392. doi:10.1037/a0025923
Shepherd 11-0.32No
52
HS Self-StigmaSelf-Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSHS; Vogel, Wade, & Haake, 2006)HS Intention
Intentions to Seek Professional Psychologi- cal Help Scale (ISPPHS; Deane, Skogstad, & Williams, 1999).
Figure 1
Shepherd, C. B., & Rickard, K. M. (2012). Drive for muscularity and help-seeking: The mediational role of gender role conflict, self-stigma, and attitudes. Psychology Of Men & Masculinity, 13(4), 379-392. doi:10.1037/a0025923
Shepherd 11-0.3No
53
HS Subjective Belief OutcomesSingle Questionnaire pg. 507
HS Subjective Norms (perception of others feelings towards seeking help)
Single Questionnaire pg. 507Figure 1
Bayer, J. K., & Peay, M. Y. (1997). Predicting intentions to seek help from professional mental health services. Australian And New Zealand Journal Of Psychiatry, 31(4), 504-513. doi:10.3109/00048679709065072
Bayer 970.24No
54
HS Subjective Norms (perception of others feelings towards seeking help)
Single Questionnaire pg. 507HS Intent (Intention to seek professional help)Single Questionnaire pg. 507Figure 1
Bayer, J. K., & Peay, M. Y. (1997). Predicting intentions to seek help from professional mental health services. Australian And New Zealand Journal Of Psychiatry, 31(4), 504-513. doi:10.3109/00048679709065072
Bayer 970.34No
55
HS Behavioral Beliefs (belief others would approve of seeking mental help)
Single Questionnaire pg. 507
HS Attitudes (attitudes towards seeking professional help)
Single Questionnaire pg. 507Figure 1
Bayer, J. K., & Peay, M. Y. (1997). Predicting intentions to seek help from professional mental health services. Australian And New Zealand Journal Of Psychiatry, 31(4), 504-513. doi:10.3109/00048679709065072
Bayer 970.57No
56
HS Attitudes (attitudes towards seeking professional help)
Single Questionnaire pg. 507HS Intent (Intention to seek professional help)Single Questionnaire pg. 507Figure 1
Bayer, J. K., & Peay, M. Y. (1997). Predicting intentions to seek help from professional mental health services. Australian And New Zealand Journal Of Psychiatry, 31(4), 504-513. doi:10.3109/00048679709065072
Bayer 970.57No
57
Psychological Distress
Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-62 (CCAPS-62; Locke et al., 2010)
Percieved Discrimination
General Ethnic Discrimina- tion scale (GED; Landrine, Klonoff, Corral, Fernandez, & Roesch, 2006)
Figure 3
Cheng, H., Kwan, K. K., & Sevig, T. (2013). Racial and ethnic minority college students' stigma associated with seeking psychological help: Examining psychocultural correlates. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 60(1), 98-111. doi:10.1037/a0031169
Cheng 13b=.27, a=.43, l=.07
Yes, for each variable listed they broke it down into three different ethnicities and what the beta values were for each.
58
Psychological Distress
Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-62 (CCAPS-62; Locke et al., 2010)
Other-Group Orientation
Other-Group Orientation scale of the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM-OGO; Phinney, 1992)
Figure 3
Cheng, H., Kwan, K. K., & Sevig, T. (2013). Racial and ethnic minority college students' stigma associated with seeking psychological help: Examining psychocultural correlates. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 60(1), 98-111. doi:10.1037/a0031169
Cheng 13b=-.12, a=-.12, l=-.14
Yes, for each variable listed they broke it down into three different ethnicities and what the beta values were for each.
59
Psychological Distress
Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-62 (CCAPS-62; Locke et al., 2010)
Ethnic Identity
The Ethnic Identity scale of the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM-EI; Phinney, 1992)
Figure 3
Cheng, H., Kwan, K. K., & Sevig, T. (2013). Racial and ethnic minority college students' stigma associated with seeking psychological help: Examining psychocultural correlates. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 60(1), 98-111. doi:10.1037/a0031169
Cheng 13b=-.27, a=-.09, l=-.33
Yes, for each variable listed they broke it down into three different ethnicities and what the beta values were for each.
60
Psychological Distress
Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-62 (CCAPS-62; Locke et al., 2010)
HS Social Network Stigma
Perceptions of Stigmatization by Others for Seeking Help scale (PSOSH; Vogel et al., 2009)
Figure 3
Cheng, H., Kwan, K. K., & Sevig, T. (2013). Racial and ethnic minority college students' stigma associated with seeking psychological help: Examining psychocultural correlates. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 60(1), 98-111. doi:10.1037/a0031169
Cheng 13b=.45, a=.33, l=.46
Yes, for each variable listed they broke it down into three different ethnicities and what the beta values were for each.
61
Psychological Distress
Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-62 (CCAPS-62; Locke et al., 2010)
HS Self-Stigma (Self-Stigma of seeking psychological help)
The Self-Stigma of Seeking Help scale (SSOSH; Vogel et al., 2006)Figure 3
Cheng, H., Kwan, K. K., & Sevig, T. (2013). Racial and ethnic minority college students' stigma associated with seeking psychological help: Examining psychocultural correlates. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 60(1), 98-111. doi:10.1037/a0031169
Cheng 13b=.19, a=.15, l=.18
Yes, for each variable listed they broke it down into three different ethnicities and what the beta values were for each.
62
Percieved Discrimination
General Ethnic Discrimina- tion scale (GED; Landrine, Klonoff, Corral, Fernandez, & Roesch, 2006)
Ethnicity (Ethnic Identity)
The Ethnic Identity scale of the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM-EI; Phinney, 1992)
Figure 3
Cheng, H., Kwan, K. K., & Sevig, T. (2013). Racial and ethnic minority college students' stigma associated with seeking psychological help: Examining psychocultural correlates. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 60(1), 98-111. doi:10.1037/a0031169
Cheng 13b=.34, a=.08, l=.41
Yes, for each variable listed they broke it down into three different ethnicities and what the beta values were for each.
63
Percieved Discrimination
General Ethnic Discrimina- tion scale (GED; Landrine, Klonoff, Corral, Fernandez, & Roesch, 2006)
Other-Group Orientation
Other-Group Orientation scale of the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM-OGO; Phinney, 1992)
Figure 3
Cheng, H., Kwan, K. K., & Sevig, T. (2013). Racial and ethnic minority college students' stigma associated with seeking psychological help: Examining psychocultural correlates. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 60(1), 98-111. doi:10.1037/a0031169
Cheng 13b=-.11, a=-.24, l=.10
Yes, for each variable listed they broke it down into three different ethnicities and what the beta values were for each.
64
Percieved Discrimination
General Ethnic Discrimina- tion scale (GED; Landrine, Klonoff, Corral, Fernandez, & Roesch, 2006)
HS Social Network Stigma
Perceptions of Stigmatization by Others for Seeking Help scale (PSOSH; Vogel et al., 2009)
Figure 3
Cheng, H., Kwan, K. K., & Sevig, T. (2013). Racial and ethnic minority college students' stigma associated with seeking psychological help: Examining psychocultural correlates. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 60(1), 98-111. doi:10.1037/a0031169
Cheng 13b=.25, a=.18, l=.23
Yes, for each variable listed they broke it down into three different ethnicities and what the beta values were for each.
65
HS Social Network Stigma
Perceptions of Stigmatization by Others for Seeking Help scale (PSOSH; Vogel et al., 2009)
HS Self-Stigma (Self-stigma of seeking psychological help)
The Self-Stigma of Seeking Help scale (SSOSH; Vogel et al., 2006)Figure 3
Cheng, H., Kwan, K. K., & Sevig, T. (2013). Racial and ethnic minority college students' stigma associated with seeking psychological help: Examining psychocultural correlates. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 60(1), 98-111. doi:10.1037/a0031169
Cheng 13b=.32, a=.34, l=.29
Yes, for each variable listed they broke it down into three different ethnicities and what the beta values were for each.
66
Ethnicity (Ethnic Identity)
The Ethnic Identity scale of the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM-EI; Phinney, 1992)
HS Self-Stigma (Self-stigma of seeking psychological help)
The Self-Stigma of Seeking Help scale (SSOSH; Vogel et al., 2006)Figure 3
Cheng, H., Kwan, K. K., & Sevig, T. (2013). Racial and ethnic minority college students' stigma associated with seeking psychological help: Examining psychocultural correlates. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 60(1), 98-111. doi:10.1037/a0031169
Cheng 13b=-.19, a=.14, l=-.05
Yes, for each variable listed they broke it down into three different ethnicities and what the beta values were for each.
67
Other-Group Orientation
Other-Group Orientation scale of the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM-OGO; Phinney, 1992)
HS Self-Stigma (Self-stigma of seeking psychological help)
The Self-Stigma of Seeking Help scale (SSOSH; Vogel et al., 2006)Figure 3
Cheng, H., Kwan, K. K., & Sevig, T. (2013). Racial and ethnic minority college students' stigma associated with seeking psychological help: Examining psychocultural correlates. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 60(1), 98-111. doi:10.1037/a0031169
Cheng 13b=-.19, a=-.17, l=-.14
Yes, for each variable listed they broke it down into three different ethnicities and what the beta values were for each.
68
Self-ConcealmentN/ASocial SupportN/AFigure 1
Cramer, K. M. (1999). Psychological antecedents to help-seeking behavior: A reanalysis using path modeling structures. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 46(3), 381-387. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.46.3.381
Cramer 99-0.28No
69
Self-ConcealmentN/APsychological DistressN/AFigure 1
Cramer, K. M. (1999). Psychological antecedents to help-seeking behavior: A reanalysis using path modeling structures. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 46(3), 381-387. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.46.3.381
Cramer 990.4No
70
Self-ConcealmentN/AHS Attitudes (attitudes to counseling)N/AFigure 1
Cramer, K. M. (1999). Psychological antecedents to help-seeking behavior: A reanalysis using path modeling structures. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 46(3), 381-387. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.46.3.381
Cramer 99-0.2No
71
Social SupportN/APsychological DistressN/AFigure 1
Cramer, K. M. (1999). Psychological antecedents to help-seeking behavior: A reanalysis using path modeling structures. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 46(3), 381-387. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.46.3.381
Cramer 99-0.15No
72
Psychological DistressN/AHS Intention (Seek Counseling)N/AFigure 1
Cramer, K. M. (1999). Psychological antecedents to help-seeking behavior: A reanalysis using path modeling structures. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 46(3), 381-387. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.46.3.381
Cramer 990.23No
73
HS Attitudes (attitudes to counseling)N/AHS Intention (Seek Counseling)N/AFigure 1
Cramer, K. M. (1999). Psychological antecedents to help-seeking behavior: A reanalysis using path modeling structures. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 46(3), 381-387. doi:10.1037/0022-0167.46.3.381
Cramer 990.35No
74
Emotional Controlemotional control subscale were used to estimate the emotional control latent factorSelf-CompassionSelf-Compassion Scale (SCS; Neff, 2003)Figure 2
Heath, P. J., Brenner, R. E., Vogel, D. L., Lannin, D. G., & Strass, H. A. (2017). Masculinity and barriers to seeking counseling: The buffering role of self-compassion. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 64(1), 94-103. doi:10.1037/cou0000185
Heath 17-0.02
Yes, the second figure broke Mascule norm conformity into two different variables- "emotional control" and "self-reliance"
75
Emotional Controlemotional control subscale were used to estimate the emotional control latent factorSelf-Reliance
the five self-reliance items of the self- reliance subscale were used to estimate the self-reliance latent factor
Figure 2
Heath, P. J., Brenner, R. E., Vogel, D. L., Lannin, D. G., & Strass, H. A. (2017). Masculinity and barriers to seeking counseling: The buffering role of self-compassion. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 64(1), 94-103. doi:10.1037/cou0000185
Heath 170.16
Yes, the second figure broke Mascule norm conformity into two different variables- "emotional control" and "self-reliance"
76
Self-Reliance
the five self-reliance items of the self- reliance subscale were used to estimate the self-reliance latent factor
Self-CompassionSelf-Compassion Scale (SCS; Neff, 2003)Figure 2
Heath, P. J., Brenner, R. E., Vogel, D. L., Lannin, D. G., & Strass, H. A. (2017). Masculinity and barriers to seeking counseling: The buffering role of self-compassion. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 64(1), 94-103. doi:10.1037/cou0000185
Heath 17-0.13
Yes, the second figure broke Mascule norm conformity into two different variables- "emotional control" and "self-reliance"
77
Emotional Controlemotional control subscale were used to estimate the emotional control latent factorHS Self-Stigma (Self-Stigma)Self-Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH; Vogel et al., 2006)Figure 2
Heath, P. J., Brenner, R. E., Vogel, D. L., Lannin, D. G., & Strass, H. A. (2017). Masculinity and barriers to seeking counseling: The buffering role of self-compassion. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 64(1), 94-103. doi:10.1037/cou0000185
Heath 170.28
Yes, the second figure broke Mascule norm conformity into two different variables- "emotional control" and "self-reliance"
78
Emotional Controlemotional control subscale were used to estimate the emotional control latent factor
Comfort with Self-Disclosure of Distress (Disclosure Risks)
the Risks subscale of the Disclosure Expectations Scale (Vogel & Wester, 2003).Figure 2
Heath, P. J., Brenner, R. E., Vogel, D. L., Lannin, D. G., & Strass, H. A. (2017). Masculinity and barriers to seeking counseling: The buffering role of self-compassion. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 64(1), 94-103. doi:10.1037/cou0000185
Heath 170.48
Yes, the second figure broke Mascule norm conformity into two different variables- "emotional control" and "self-reliance"
79
Self-CompassionSelf-Compassion Scale (SCS; Neff, 2003)HS Self-Stigma (Self-Stigma)Self-Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH; Vogel et al., 2006)Figure 2
Heath, P. J., Brenner, R. E., Vogel, D. L., Lannin, D. G., & Strass, H. A. (2017). Masculinity and barriers to seeking counseling: The buffering role of self-compassion. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 64(1), 94-103. doi:10.1037/cou0000185
Heath 17-0.18
Yes, the second figure broke Mascule norm conformity into two different variables- "emotional control" and "self-reliance"
80
Self-CompassionSelf-Compassion Scale (SCS; Neff, 2003)
Comfort with Self-Disclosure of Distress (Disclosure Risks)
the Risks subscale of the Disclosure Expectations Scale (Vogel & Wester, 2003).Figure 2
Heath, P. J., Brenner, R. E., Vogel, D. L., Lannin, D. G., & Strass, H. A. (2017). Masculinity and barriers to seeking counseling: The buffering role of self-compassion. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 64(1), 94-103. doi:10.1037/cou0000185
Heath 17-0.28
Yes, the second figure broke Mascule norm conformity into two different variables- "emotional control" and "self-reliance"
81
Self-Reliance
the five self-reliance items of the self- reliance subscale were used to estimate the self-reliance latent factor
HS Self-Stigma (Self-Stigma)Self-Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH; Vogel et al., 2006)Figure 2
Heath, P. J., Brenner, R. E., Vogel, D. L., Lannin, D. G., & Strass, H. A. (2017). Masculinity and barriers to seeking counseling: The buffering role of self-compassion. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 64(1), 94-103. doi:10.1037/cou0000185
Heath 170.28
Yes, the second figure broke Mascule norm conformity into two different variables- "emotional control" and "self-reliance"
82
Social SupportSocial Provisions Scale (SPS; Cutrona & Russell, 1987)Psychological Distress
Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-21 (HSCL-21; Green, Walkey, McCormick, & Taylor, 1988)
Figure 2
Leech, N. L. (2007). Cramer's model of willingness to seek counseling: A structural equation model for counseling students. The Journal Of Psychology: Interdisciplinary And Applied, 141(4), 435-445. doi:10.3200/JRLP.141.4.435-448
Leech 07
83
Self-ConcealmentSocial Concealment Scale (SCS; Larson & Chastain 1990)Social SupportSocial Provisions Scale (SPS; Cutrona & Russell, 1987)Figure 2
Leech, N. L. (2007). Cramer's model of willingness to seek counseling: A structural equation model for counseling students. The Journal Of Psychology: Interdisciplinary And Applied, 141(4), 435-445. doi:10.3200/JRLP.141.4.435-448
Leech 07
84
Self-ConcealmentSocial Concealment Scale (SCS; Larson & Chastain 1990)HS Attitudes
Attitudes Towards Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (Fischer & Farina, 1995)
Figure 2
Leech, N. L. (2007). Cramer's model of willingness to seek counseling: A structural equation model for counseling students. The Journal Of Psychology: Interdisciplinary And Applied, 141(4), 435-445. doi:10.3200/JRLP.141.4.435-448
Leech 07
85
Self-ConcealmentSocial Concealment Scale (SCS; Larson & Chastain 1990)Psychological Distress
Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-21 (HSCL-21; Green, Walkey, McCormick, & Taylor, 1988)
Figure 2
Leech, N. L. (2007). Cramer's model of willingness to seek counseling: A structural equation model for counseling students. The Journal Of Psychology: Interdisciplinary And Applied, 141(4), 435-445. doi:10.3200/JRLP.141.4.435-448
Leech 07
86
Psychological Distress
Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-21 (HSCL-21; Green, Walkey, McCormick, & Taylor, 1988)
HS Intention
Intentions to Seek Counseling Inventory (ISCI; Cash, Begley, McCown, & Weise, 1975)
Figure 2
Leech, N. L. (2007). Cramer's model of willingness to seek counseling: A structural equation model for counseling students. The Journal Of Psychology: Interdisciplinary And Applied, 141(4), 435-445. doi:10.3200/JRLP.141.4.435-448
Leech 07
87
HS Attitiudes
Attitudes Towards Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (Fischer & Farina, 1995)
HS Intention
Intentions to Seek Counseling Inventory (ISCI; Cash, Begley, McCown, & Weise, 1975)
Figure 2
Leech, N. L. (2007). Cramer's model of willingness to seek counseling: A structural equation model for counseling students. The Journal Of Psychology: Interdisciplinary And Applied, 141(4), 435-445. doi:10.3200/JRLP.141.4.435-448
Leech 07
88
Psychological DistressThe Self-Administered K6+ (Kessler et al., 2002)Seeking Counseling InformationDummy Coded Yes/No if selected to look at informationFigure 3
Lannin, D. G., Vogel, D. L., Brenner, R. E., Abraham, W. T., & Heath, P. J. (2016). Does self-stigma reduce the probability of seeking mental health information?. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 63(3), 351-358. doi:10.1037/cou0000108
Lannin 15
89
Psychological DistressThe Self-Administered K6+ (Kessler et al., 2002)HS Attitudes
Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale [ATSPPHS]; Fischer & Farina, 1995
Figure 3
Lannin, D. G., Vogel, D. L., Brenner, R. E., Abraham, W. T., & Heath, P. J. (2016). Does self-stigma reduce the probability of seeking mental health information?. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 63(3), 351-358. doi:10.1037/cou0000108
Lannin 15
90
Psychological DistressThe Self-Administered K6+ (Kessler et al., 2002)MH InfoDummy Coded Yes/No if selected to look at informationFigure 3
Lannin, D. G., Vogel, D. L., Brenner, R. E., Abraham, W. T., & Heath, P. J. (2016). Does self-stigma reduce the probability of seeking mental health information?. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 63(3), 351-358. doi:10.1037/cou0000108
Lannin 15
91
Self-StigmaThe SSOSH (Vogel et al., 2006)HS Attitudes
Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale [ATSPPHS]; Fischer & Farina, 1995
Figure 3
Lannin, D. G., Vogel, D. L., Brenner, R. E., Abraham, W. T., & Heath, P. J. (2016). Does self-stigma reduce the probability of seeking mental health information?. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 63(3), 351-358. doi:10.1037/cou0000108
Lannin 15
92
HS Attitudes
Attitudes Towards Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (Fischer & Farina, 1995)
Seeking Counseling InformationDummy Coded Yes/No if selected to look at informationFigure 3
Lannin, D. G., Vogel, D. L., Brenner, R. E., Abraham, W. T., & Heath, P. J. (2016). Does self-stigma reduce the probability of seeking mental health information?. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 63(3), 351-358. doi:10.1037/cou0000108
Lannin 15
93
HS Attitudes
Attitudes Towards Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (Fischer & Farina, 1995)
MH InfoDummy Coded Yes/No if selected to look at informationFigure 3
Lannin, D. G., Vogel, D. L., Brenner, R. E., Abraham, W. T., & Heath, P. J. (2016). Does self-stigma reduce the probability of seeking mental health information?. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 63(3), 351-358. doi:10.1037/cou0000108
Lannin 15
94
Seeking Counseling InformationDummy Coded Yes/No if selected to look at informationMH InfoDummy Coded Yes/No if selected to look at informationFigure 3
Lannin, D. G., Vogel, D. L., Brenner, R. E., Abraham, W. T., & Heath, P. J. (2016). Does self-stigma reduce the probability of seeking mental health information?. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 63(3), 351-358. doi:10.1037/cou0000108
Lannin 15
95
GenderN/ASeeking Counseling InformationDummy Coded Yes/No if selected to look at informationFigure 3
Lannin, D. G., Vogel, D. L., Brenner, R. E., Abraham, W. T., & Heath, P. J. (2016). Does self-stigma reduce the probability of seeking mental health information?. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 63(3), 351-358. doi:10.1037/cou0000108
Lannin 15
96
GenderN/AHS Attitudes
Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale [ATSPPHS]; Fischer & Farina, 1995
Figure 3
Lannin, D. G., Vogel, D. L., Brenner, R. E., Abraham, W. T., & Heath, P. J. (2016). Does self-stigma reduce the probability of seeking mental health information?. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 63(3), 351-358. doi:10.1037/cou0000108
Lannin 15
97
GenderN/AMH InfoDummy Coded Yes/No if selected to look at informationFigure 3
Lannin, D. G., Vogel, D. L., Brenner, R. E., Abraham, W. T., & Heath, P. J. (2016). Does self-stigma reduce the probability of seeking mental health information?. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 63(3), 351-358. doi:10.1037/cou0000108
Lannin 15
98
CultureParticipants were Turkish StudentsSelf-ModelRelationship Questionnaire (RQ) (Bartholomew & Horowitz, 1991)Table 2
Turan, N., & Erdur-Baker, Ö. (2014). Attitudes towards seeking psychological help among a sample of Turkish university students: The roles of rumination and internal working models. British Journal Of Guidance & Counselling, 42(1), 86-98. doi:10.1080/03069885.2013.831031
Turan 14
99
CultureParticipants were Turkish StudentsOther-ModelRelationship Questionnaire (RQ) (Bartholomew & Horowitz, 1991)Table 2
Turan, N., & Erdur-Baker, Ö. (2014). Attitudes towards seeking psychological help among a sample of Turkish university students: The roles of rumination and internal working models. British Journal Of Guidance & Counselling, 42(1), 86-98. doi:10.1080/03069885.2013.831031
Turan 14
100
Self-ModelRelationship Questionnaire (RQ) (Bartholomew & Horowitz, 1991)Other-ModelRelationship Questionnaire (RQ) (Bartholomew & Horowitz, 1991)Table 2
Turan, N., & Erdur-Baker, Ö. (2014). Attitudes towards seeking psychological help among a sample of Turkish university students: The roles of rumination and internal working models. British Journal Of Guidance & Counselling, 42(1), 86-98. doi:10.1080/03069885.2013.831031
Turan 14
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