ABCDEFGH
1
The #GrabYourWallet boycott began on October 11, 2016 and ended November 8, 2020. It lasted 1,489 days. The boycot was a peaceful, nonpartisan protest of the cruelty and divisiveness of the Trump administration. It has been credited with over 70 large companies cutting financial ties with the Trump administration (see "Dropped Companies" tab). The retail boycott was so effective that by August 2019, just 12 companies remained on the list. When news broke the Trump administration had continued separating children from their parents as a matter of policy despite a U.S. court order to stop, Grab Your Wallet turned its attention more fully to the executives who funded Trump's political rise. The spreadsheet will remain publicly available so we can always remember who financially enabled the rise of white supremacy, xenophobia, racism, misogyny, ableism, hate, and sedition in the U.S..
2
3
The boycott is over but in the wake of Trump supporters' violent, highly coordinated attack on the U.S. Capitol on January 6, 2021, it is still valuable to ask these companies
4
if their CEOs and board members regret having donated to the political rise of the Trump family. Any statements of regret will not result in removal of companies from the list (that ship has sailed)...
5
...however such statements could make news which would put add'l pressure on executives & lawmakers to express regret/impeach.
6
If you receive a response, please forward it to --> shannon@grabyourwallet.org
7
Sample script: "Given Donald Trump's incitement of a violent, highly coordinated attack on the U.S. Capitol on January 6th, will Estée Lauder be issuing a statement about Estee Lauder board member Ron Lauder having funded the political rise of Donald Trump? Is Estée Lauder concerned that Ron Lauder's political donations to Trump's victory will be a permanent stain on its brand?"
8
Want a printable version of this list? A PDF version is here.
9
10
Top Ten Companies to Boycott / Contact
11
CompaniesTypeWhy Is It On the List?PR Contact EmailTwitter HandleAction Required to be Removed from This ListLast GYW Inquiry SentAdd'l Info
12
Charles SchwabStock Trading / Financial ServicesCharles Schwab, chairman of The Charles Schwab Corporation, is one of Donald Trump's most powerful champions. Mr. Schwab helped Trump w/ his legal fees and contributed $6.7 million to a dark money organization founded by political operatives who served Trump. Mr. Schwab also donated $1 million to Trump's inauguration. mayura.hooper@schwab.com@CharlesSchwabThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.1/11/2021
13
Estee Lauder & its subsidiaries including Aveda, Origins, Jo Malone London... (click link for full list of Estee brands)Beauty / Makeup / Hair / Skin ProductsIn 2017 Estee Lauder board member Ron Lauder gave $100,000 to Trump Victory Committee. In the U.S. board members make, on average, $200k per year. At large companies like Estee Lauder, that figure can reach into the millions.mediarequests@estee.com@esteelauderThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.1/11/2021
14
Equinox Fitness, SoulCycle, PURE Yoga, Blink Fitness, Hudson YardGym / Fitness Billionaire Stephen M. Ross, chairman of Related Companies, whose principals own majority stakes in SoulCycle and Equinox, held a $100k per ticket fundraiser to reelect Trump.
juliew@derris.com, Kparker@related.com, Hannah.Macey@equinox.com
@soulcycleThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.1/11/2021
15
LL BeanRetailer (Clothing)Millionaire and LL Bean Board Member Linda Bean raised funds for Trump during the 2016 and 2020 election cyclespublicaffairs@llbean.com, mmahoney@llbean.com@LLBeanThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.1/11/2021
16
New BalanceShoesBillionaire and New Balance Chairman Jim Davis donated $396k to Trump Victory Committee and has spent time socially with Mike Pence. On Jan 7, Jim Davis released a statement through a spokesperson claiming he did not support Trump though the FEC database shows very clearly that he did.gregan@regancomm.com, media.relations@newbalance.com, mary.lawton@newbalance.com @NewBalanceThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.1/11/2021
17
New England PatriotsFootballPatriots owner Robert Kraft is one of Trump's most prominent allies. He's consulted closely w/ Trump. His company, The Kraft Group, gave $1 million to Trump's inauguration. Patriots Head Coach Bill Belichick declined a presidential medal of freedom from Trump but is a member of Mar-a-Lago.Stacey James staceyj@patriots.com
Aaron Salkin aarons@patriots.com
Michael Jurovaty mjurovaty@patriots.com
@PatriotsThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020.
18
Procter & Gamble (Top P&G brands include Tide, Always, Bounty, Charmin, Crest, Febreeze, Gain, Gilette, Olay, and Pampers)Consumer brand manufacturer (Click here for full list of P&G brands.Billionaire Nelson Peltz is a member of P&G's board. In Feb 2020 Peltz hosted a $10 million Trump fundraiser at his home. Peltz is also Chairman of the Board of Wendy's fast food chain. mediateam.im@pg.com@ProcterGambleThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
19
RevlonBeauty ProductsRevlon chairman Ronald Perelman, gave $125,000 to Trump Victory Committee in September 2017.
Lauren.Staggs@revlon.com
@revlonThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
20
U-HaulMoving Equipment and Storage Rental CompanyU-Haul CEO & billionaire E. Joe Shoen made his first-ever contribution to Trump Victory Committee, $35,500, in February 2020. “President Trump has done an outstanding job and certainly merits my vote,” Shoen says.mediarelations@uhaul.com@uhaulThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
21
Wendy'sFast FoodWendy's billionaire Chairman of the Board Nelson Peltz held a $10 million dollar fundraiser for Trump in Feb. 2020 and donated $50,000 to Trump Victory Committee in 2016greg.lemenchick@wendys.com, heidi.schauer@wendys.com@WendysThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
22
23
Full List of Companies to Boycott / Contact
24
CompaniesTypeWhy Is It On the List?PR Contact (From Publicly Available Sources)Twitter HandleAction Required to be Removed from This ListLast GYW Inquiry Sent
25
ABC SupplyOffice Supply RetailerBillionaire and ABC co-founder and chairman Diane Hendricks has donated over $200,000 to elect Trump and was vice chair of Trump Victory committee.kgoodale@hiebing.com@ABCSupply_CAThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
26
Ashley FurnitureFurnitureFounder and Chairman Ronald G Wanek donated more than $250,000 to reelect Trump. Carolina Meneses
cmeneses@ashleyfurniture.com
@AshleyHomeStoreThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again..
27
AT&TTelecomAT&T donated over $2 million in cash and services to Donald Trump's inauguration celebrationerin.mcgrath@att.com megan.ketterer@att.com@ATTThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
28
Bank of America / Merrill LynchFinance / LendingDonated $1 million to Trump inauguration festivitiesjessica.oppenheim@bofa.com elizabeth.i.wright@bofa.com@BofA_NewsThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
29
BlackstoneInvesting, FinanceBlackstone Chairman and CEO Steven Schwarzman has contributed over $3 million toward various groups dedicated to reelecting Trump, such as the Trump Victory Committee Committee.kate.holderness@blackstone.com@blackstoneThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.
30
BoeingAerospaceBoeing donated $1 million to Trump's inauguration after 2016 election. See add'l info on Boeing in "other companies on our radar" section of site.charles.n.bickers@boeing.com@BoeingThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
31
BP CorporationOil, gas, coalBP donated $500k to Trump inauguration activities after the 2016 election. uspress@bp.com Brett.Clanton@bp.com@BP_AmericaThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
32
Charles SchwabStock Trading / Financial ServicesCharles Schwab, chairman of The Charles Schwab Corporation, is one of Donald Trump's most powerful champions. Mr. Schwab helped Trump w/ his legal fees and contributed $6.7 million to a dark money organization founded by political operatives who served Trump. The Charles Schwab Corporation donated $1 million to Trump's inauguration. mayura.hooper@schwab.com@CharlesSchwabThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
33
Chevron Oil, gas, coalGave $500,000 to Trump inauguration activities, as reported by the New York TimesBReddall@chevron.com@ChevronThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
34
Chicago CubsBaseballCo-owner Todd Rickets is "spearheading the fundraising effort" for Trump's reelection and has donated at least $50k according to the FEC.Ariana Moaveni amoaveni@cubs.com@CubsThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again..
35
Cincinatti BengalsFootballIn August 2019, Bengals owner Michael Brown donated $30,000 to reelect TrumpPJ Combs: pj.combs@bengals.nfl.net Pete Schramm: pete.schramm@bengals.nfl.net@BengalsThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again..
36
Cleveland BrownsFootballBrowns Co-owner James Haslam donated $150,000 to the Trump Victory Committee Committee. fansquad@clevelandbrowns.com@brownsThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again..
37
Coca-ColaSoft drinksCoca Cola donated significantly to Trump inauguration activities, as reported by the Atlanta Journal Constitutionsleith@coca-cola.com@CocaColaThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
38
Dallas CowboysFootballThrough his company, Glenstone Limited Partnership, owner Jerry Jones donated $1 million to Trump's inaugual fund. https://www.dallascowboys.com/contact@dallascowboysThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020.
39
Dow ChemicalChemical extractor & manufacturerDow gave $1 million to Trump's inauguration; Dow's former CEO & chairman Andrew Liveris was head of Trump's manufacturing initiative prior to its dissolution. He remained in the wake of Trump's post-Charlottesville 'both sides' remarks, even as many other CEOs resigned.kbandlow@dow.com ryschikorra@dow.com@DowNewsroomThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
40
Estee Lauder & its subsidiaries including Aveda, Origins, Jo Malone London... (click link for full list of Estee brands)Beauty / Makeup / Hair / Skin ProductsIn 2017 Estee Lauder board member Ron Lauder gave $100,000 to Trump Victory Committee. In the U.S. board members make, on average, $200k per year. At large companies like Estee Lauder, that figure can reach into the millions.mediarequests@estee.com@esteelauderThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
41
EasyPostShipping SoftwareEasyPost CEO Jarrett Streebin donated $100k to Trump Victory in April 2019jarrett@easypost.com@easypostThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.8/21/2019
42
Equinox Fitness, SoulCycle, PURE Yoga, Blink Fitness, Hudson YardGym / Fitness Billionaire Stephen M. Ross, chairman of Related Companies, whose principals own majority stakes in SoulCycle and Equinox, held a $100k per ticket fundraiser to reelect Trump.
samanthab@derris.com, Kparker@related.com, Charlotte.Catania@equinox.com, Rachel.Blitz@equinox.com, Hannah.Macey@equinox.com
@soulcycleThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
43
ExxonMobilOil, Gas, CoalExxonMobil gave $500,000 to Trump's inauguration.nathan.bishop@exxonmobil.com@exxonmobilThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
44
Facebook Social Media CEO Mark Zuckerberg has stated Facebook will continue to allow political ads with known lies in them, a policy likely to help Donald Trump's chances of winning in 2020.press@fb.comFacebook has a Twitter acct. but we advise emailing the company's PR teamThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.6/2/2020
45
Ford Motor CompanyAuto MakerIn May 2020 Ford hosted Trump at an on-site promotional event, complete with a speech to Ford workers. The event was aimed at promoting Trump's decision to re-open the economy after the COVID-19 shutdown. media@ford.com@fordThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
46
G.H. Palmer & AssociatesReal Estate (Los Angeles)One of L.A.'s largest landlords, Geoffrey Palmer is also one of Trump’s largest political donors including a $2M donation to pro-Trump super PAC. His most recent contribution was in February 2020 for $50,000.Geoff@ghpalmer.com (company owner)n/aThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
47
Goya FoodsFood Manufacturer During a White House photo opp with the Trump administration including Donald Trump, Goya's billionaire CEO Robert Unanue lavished praise on Donald Trumprafael.toro@goya.com@GoyaFoodsThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
48
GristedesGroceryJohn Catsimatidis, founder and CEO of Red Apple Group which owns Gristedes among other businesses, donated more than $100,000 to reelect Trump. customerservice@gristedes.com@GristedesThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again..
49
Hobby LobbyRetailer (Craft Supplies)In September 2016 Oklahoma-based billionaire and Hobby Lobby CEO David Green urged Americans to support Donald Trump.https://newsroom.hobbylobby.com/press-contact/@HobbyLobbyThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.6/10/2020
50
Hudson Yard / Snark Park NYC mixed-Use Shopping / Ent.Hudson Yard and Snark Park are owned by Related Companies, the billionaire chairman of which, Stephen M. Ross, held a 100k per ticket fundraiser for Donald Trump's reelection in the Hamptons on August 9 2019 Kparker@related.com communications@related.com@_HudsonYardsNYCThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
51
Jacksonville JaguarsFootballOwner Shad Khan gave $1 million to the Trump inaugural committee. He has spoken out against Trump on social issues, but supports his economic policies. Dan Edwards: edwardsd@nfl.jaguars.com Amanda Holt holtaf@nfl.jaguars.com@JaguarsThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020.
52
Kanye West products (Note: these are primarily sold under the YEEZY brand via Adidas and The Gap)Celebrity BrandLongtime Trump supporter Kanye West recently revealed his own presidential run is actually a spoiler campaign aimed at helping Trump win. Trump-supporting Reublican operatives have been engaged in a "flurry of activity" to get West on the ballot in swing states.customerservice@us.yeezysupply.com / press@gap.com // corporate.press@adidas-group.com@gap // @adidas
The boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.8/12/2020
53
Las Vegas Sands Group includes the The Venetian, the Sands, and Marina Bay SandsHotel / Entertainment / Event SpaceSheldon Adelson is the founder, chairman and CEO of Las Vegas Sands Corp. He's one of Trump's largest politial donors. He made a $25 million donation to Trump's 2016 presidential campaign and a February 2020 donation for over $500,000 to the Trump Victory Committee Committee. Kristin.koca@sands.com @LasVegasSandsThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
54
LL BeanRetailer (Clothing)Millionaire and LL Bean Board Member Linda Bean Raised Funds for Trump during 2016 election cyclepublicaffairs@llbean.com@LLBeanThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
55
Lockheed MartinDefense ContractorDonated $1 million to Trump inauguration festivitiesmaureen.a.schumann@lmco.com@LockheedMartinThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
56
Lola Organic TamponsWellness Subscription ServiceBillionaire Trump supporter Stephen M. Ross has an ownership/investment stake in several brands including Lola Organic Tampons.) jordana@mylola.com@mylolatweetThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.8/11/2019
57
Los Angeles RamsFootballOwner Stan Kroenke donated $1 million to the Trump inaugural commitee. Chase Isaacs: cisaacs@rams.nfl.com@RamsNFLThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020.
58
Louis Vuitton and other LVMH brands: Dior, Givenchy Marc Jacobs & more. (Click link for full listing.)Luxury RetailFrench businessman and chairman of LVMH—Bernard Arnault—did a photo op with the Trump administration at a Louis Vuitton workshop in Texas.jc.trehan@lvmh.fr@LVMH / @LouisVuittonThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
59
Miami MarlinsBaseballJeffrey Loria gave $125,000 to elect Trump in 2016. In 2017 he donated $100k to the Trump Victory Committee fund.Alfredo Mesa amesa@marlins.com@MarlinsThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again..
60
Molson Coors Brewing CompanyBeer MakerMillionaire Peter Coors Raised Funds for a Trump victory in 2016 and in May 2020 gave $50,000 to Trump Victory Coloradomartin.maloney@millercoors.com, Gregory.Tierney@millercoors.com@MillerCoorsThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
61
Momofuku / Milk BarNYC high end restaurant / eateryBillionaire Trump supporter Stephen M. Ross has an ownership/investment stake in several brands including Momofuku and Milk Bar.) https://momofuku.com/press-contact/@momofukuThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.8/11/2019
62
Muy! CompaniesFast Food FranchisersMuy! Companies CEO James Bodenstedt has donated $400,000+ to Trump reelection efforts. Muy! is franchiser of hundreds of Taco Bell, Pizza Hut & Wendy's locations across the U.S.keith.siegner@yum.com, jerlian.greene@yumbrands.com, Taiya.Ryan@yumbrands.com, Michael.Maldonado@yumbrands.com, daune.hoskinson@yumbrands.comn/aThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
63
NASCAR Auto Sports CompanyFormer NASCAR CEO Brian France Endorsed Trump; On 7/25/19 inquiry made to current CEO Jim France (former CEO's brother) as to whether he has plans to do so in 2020 election cyclepstuart@nascar.com jgregory@nascar.com sphelps@nascar.com@NASCARThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.6/22/2020
64
Nathan's FamousHot DogsHoward Lorber, Chairman of and Nathan's Famous, is one of Trump's closest friends and has organized fundraising events for him in the 2016 and 2020 election cyclesinvestors@nathansfamous.com@originalnathansThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.8/2/2019
65
New BalanceShoesBillionaire and New Balance Chairman Jim Davis donated $396k to Trump Victory Committee and has spent time socially with Mike Pencemedia.relations@newbalance.com mary.lawton@newbalance.com @NewBalanceThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
66
New England PatriotsFootballPatriots owner Robert Kraft is one of Trump's most prominent allies. He's consulted closely w/ Trump and his company, The Kraft Group, gave $1 million to Trump's inauguration. Patriots Head Coach Bill Belichick is a member of Mar-a-Lago.Stacey James staceyj@patriots.com
Aaron Salkin aarons@patriots.com
Michael Jurovaty mjurovaty@patriots.com
@PatriotsThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again..
67
New York JetsFootballWoody Johnson donated $1.5 million to Trump inaugural committee, Trump Victory Committee and Trump campaign. He is currently serving as the US Ambassador to the United Kingdom. Trump asked him to steer the British Open to his hotel. https://jets.formstack.com/forms/newyorkjetscom_contact_us@nyjetsThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again..
68
North American RescueMedical ProductsBob Castellani, CEO of North American Rescue, attended Trump 2020 campaign fundraising eventJMagpayo@NARescue.com@NARescueThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.6/15/2020
69
Oracle (owner of Tik Tok)TechlologyOracle CEO Safra Catz donated $125,000 to Trump Victory in May 2020. Oracle Chairman Larry Ellison hosted a high profile fundraiser for Trump in Feb 2020.julia.allyn@oracle.com lori.bosio@oracle.com@OracleThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/16/2020
70
PenskeTransportationFounder, Chairman, and CEP of Penske Automotive Group, Roger Penske donated more than $35,000 to Trump's reelection campaign. Randolph P. Ryerson
randolph.ryerson@penske.com

Alen Beljin
alen.beljin@penske.com
@PenskeMovingThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.
71
Pilot/Flying JRest stopsJames Haslam donated $250,000 to Trump's reelection campaign. Pilot Travel Centers (Pilot and Flying J rest stops) gave $300,000 to Trump’s inaugural fund. Stephanie Myers: stephanie.myers2@pilottravelcenters.com@PilotFlyingJThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again..
72
Procter & Gamble (Click here for full list of P&G brands.)Consumer brand manufacturer Billionaire Nelson Peltz is a member of P&G's board. In Feb 2020 Peltz hosted a $10M Trump fundraiser at his home. Peltz is also Chairman of the Board of Wendy's fast food chain. mediateam.im@pg.com@ProcterGambleThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.6/4/2020
73
Provenance Hotels & Related (click link for Provenance's full list of hotel brands)Hotels, primarily in Oregon and Washington Major Trump donor ($1M to his inauguration) & key figure in Donald's Ukraine scandal Gordon Sondland is founder & chairman of Provenance Hotels & related brands: ellen@thelafayettecompany.com & press@provenancehotels.com@ProvenanceHotelThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.11/2/2019
74
Red SoxBaseballIn contrast to NBA World Champs Golden State Warriors simply not visiting the White House and Super Bowl Champion Philadelphia Eagles having so many players say they would not attend that the whole trip was cancelled, Red Sox owners John Henry and Tom Werner visited the White House and held an event with Trump to celebrate the team's 2018 win.Abby Murphy amurphy@redsox.com@RedSoxThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again..
75
RevlonBeauty ProductsRevlon chairman Ronald Perelman, gave $125,000 to Trump Victory Committee in September 2017.
Lauren.Staggs@revlon.com
@revlonThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
76
San Francisco GiantsBaseballCo-owner of the SF Giants, Charles B. Johnson donated $700,000 to TrumpMatt Chisholm: mchisholm@sfgiants.com@SFGiantsThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again..
77
Shell OilFossil fuelsIn August 2019, Shell paid employes & contractors to attend a Trump rally in Pittsburgh; although attendance was not mandatory, some workers reported attending out of fear of how it would look to management if they did nothttps://www.shell.us/media/submit-an-inquiry.html@shellThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.6/15/2020.
78
Tampa Bay BuccaneersFootballOwner Edward Glazer hosted a fundraiser for Trump's reelection campaign in 2018 and donated to the campaign and the inaugural fund. Nelson Luis nluis@buccaneers.nfl.com Michael Pehanich mpehanich@buccaneers.nfl.com@BuccaneersThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.
79
Treasure Island Resort & Casino and Circus Circus Hotel & CasinoCasinosPhillip Ruffin is owner of the Treasure Island and Circus Circus hotels and casinos, and also co-owns the Trump International Hotel Las Vegas. Ruffman has donated $695,400 to Trump's reelection campaign. TI-General@treasureisland.com@TIvegasThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again..
80
U-HaulMoving Equipment and Storage Rental CompanyU-Haul CEO & billionaire E. Joe Shoen donated $35,000 to Trump Victory Committee in February 2020. “President Trump has done an outstanding job and certainly merits my vote,” Shoen says.mediarelations@uhaul.com@uhaulThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.9/4/2020
81
Ultimate Fighting ChampionshipMixed Martial Arts, owned by Wm. Morris Ent.UFC President Dana White endorsed Trump and spoke glowingly of Trump at the 2020 Republican National ConventionKim Ulrich Corporate Communications at William Morris kulrich@wmeentertainment.com@UFCThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.6/15/2020
82
UlineBusiness SuppliesBillionaire and ULINE President Liz Uihlein was a major fundraiser for the Trump presidential campaign in 2016. In January 2020, her husband and company co-founder Dick Uihlein donated $2M to Restoration PAC, an organization that has developed Trump-centric polling campaigns as well as the Trump Re-Election Index.tconnolley@uline.com mbestold@uline.com govrep@uline.com spickens@uline.com marina.arias@uline.com mbray@uline.com hvosganian@uline.com rsam@uline.com taxdepartment@uline.com@UlineThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.6/3/2020Uline alternatives suggested by various #GrabYourWallet members over the years: Lumi, Papermart, Royal Mailers, ShippingSupply.com
83
UPSPackage Delivery Gave significantly to Trump inauguration activities, as reported by the Atlantic Journal Constitutionjholder@ups.com kpetrella@ups.com@UPSThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.6/15/2020Confirmed on OpenSecrets - $250k.
84
VaynerMedia Digital Marketing AgencyBillionaire Trump supporter Stephen M. Ross has an ownership/investment stake in several brands including Gary Vaynerchuk's Vayner Media, a digital marketing agency that lists Unilever, Chase, and Johnson & Johnson among its clients.) emcdonough@vaynermedia.com@VaynerMedia
@garyvee
The boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.8/3/2019
85
Vornado Realty TrustReal Estate Vornado founder & chairman Steve Roth has donated over $200,000 to Trump Victory Committee and has attended Trump campaign fundraising eventsvno@kekst.com@vornadoThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.6/15/2020
86
Washington Football TeamFootballDan Snyder, owner of Washington Football Team (formerly "Washington Redskins") donated $100,000 to Trump Victory Committee in 2017 and $1 million to Trump’s inaugural festivitieshttps://www.washingtonfootball.com/about-us/contact-us@WashingtonNFLThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again..
87
Wendy'sFast FoodWendy's billionaire Chairman of the Board Nelson Peltz held a $10 million dollar fundraiser for Trump in Feb. 2020 and donated $50,000 to Trump Victory Committee PAC in 2016greg.lemenchick@wendys.com, heidi.schauer@wendys.com@WendysThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.6/4/2020
88
WegmansGrocery ChainCarries Trump Winetracy.vanauker@wegmans.com, tracy.vanauker@wegmans.com@WegmansThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.6/15/2020
89
WWE (World Wrestling Entertainment)EntertainmentMillionaire WWE Co-Founder Linda McMahon donated $7 million to help elect Trump in the 2016 election cycle and over $360,000 to reelect him in June of 2019. She was appointed by Trump to serve as the head of the Small Business Administration. Her husband, Vince McMahon, is the WWE's Chairman & CEO.Matthew.Altman@wwecorp.com
joe.villa@wwecorp.com
Dan.Humphreys@wwecorp.com
Robyn.Peterson@wwecorp.com
@WWEThe boycott ended 11/8/20. There is, therefore, no longer an opportunity for the companies on the boycott portion of the list to be removed. It is, however, still valuable to reach out to such companies, as any statements they make in reply are then on the public record and could inspire more general cultural support for ensuring Trump never holds public office again.6/2/2020
90
91
Entities That Were Not Boycotted
92
Bookstores selling books by or about Donald Trump and/or Trump familyNot only do bookstores sometimes have publisher-level (versus title-level) deals in place, but written material about political figures provides valuable strategic insight, even when that material financially benefits those figures, i.e. author Tony Schwartz's work. Shwartz has since emerged as on of Donald Trump's most vocal critics.
93
Companies reflected by Donald's cabinet picksEffective boycotts give the companies on the list a positive, actionable way to have their names removed from the list, so adding the companies of the companies reflected by Trump's cabinet would not be productive. For instance, adding ExxonMobil to the list when Tillerson was a part of the cabinet would not have been strategic, because Tillerson resigned from the company to take the position. If placed on the list, there wouldn't have been anything ExxonMobil could do to get off it. Instead, we added infor to the "Other Companies on Our Radar" part of the list.
94
CVSIn mid-Aug 2019, Out Magazine published a claim that CVS is a "major Trump donor" because the corporate PAC of CVS gave $35k to the Trump Victory Committee. Corporate PACs are controlled by the employees of the company, not the company itself or its leadership. At some companies, corporate PACs do function as a way for employees to donate in alignment with company leaders. The CEO of CVS, though, Larry J. Merlo, has given to both Republican and Democrat candidates and causes in the past including an Obama victory fund in 2011. He's never donated to Trump and the CVS corporate PAC donates fairly evenly across the aisle in general. In the 2018 midterms they gave slightly more to Democratic candidates. The CVS story, in our opinion, was more of a PR stunt enactted by one of its vendors, The Pill Club, which was in a contract dispute with CVS at the time the news was published. Pill Club is a subscription birth control service that delivers birth control and other prescriptions by mail. It appears to have used that one particular CVS PAC donation as leverage in its contract dispute with CVS. It may be that Pill Club was trying to piggyback on the legitimate SoulCycle outrage (which was about the billionaire owner of a company versus an employee-run PAC) in order to get better reimbursement rate in its contract. It definitely speaks to the toxicity of the Trump administration that even an employee PAC that gives fairly evenly across the aisle can be implicated. The consumer concern being expressed about this situation should serve as an object lesson to other employee PACs considering donating to Trump Victory Committee. We are including CVS in the "other companies on our radar" section of the site.
95
Home DepotHome Depot co-founder Bernie Marcus endorsed Donald Trump and routinely makes offensive/inflammatory remarks in public but he hasn't been an executive at the company for a long time (he doesn't even sit on the board). The current leadership of Home Depot is likely dismayed when Marcus is given the spotlight by the press, because it constantly makes people think he's still involved with the company. He's not. All Trump Home products on the Home Depot site were marked "discontinued" in the early days of the Grab Your Wallet boycott and are now simply gone. See "Other Companies on Our Radar" section of this site for more info on Home Depot. It is not known at this time what percentage of Home Depot's total stock is owned by Marcus but it is unlikely to be a controlling share.
96
JImmy John'sThe billionaire founder of Jimmy John's restaurant chain, Jimmy John Liautaud, donated $100,000 to Trump's reelection campaign, however Jimmy John's was acquired by Inspire Brands in 2019. Liautaud is no longer involved with the company. He sold his stake to Atlanta private equity firm Roark Capital.
97
Marvel Studios / DisneyIsaac "Ike" Perlmutter is an Israeli-American businessperson and chairman of Marvel Entertainment, a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company. In the second quarter of 2019, Isaac Perlmutter donated $360,600 to the Trump Victory Committee, a joint fundraising operation between the Trump campaign and the RNC. In the 2016 election cycle, Laurie Perlmutter, Isaac's wife, donated $5 million to a pro-Trump super PAC. It's sometimes reported that Perlmutter is the "Marvel CEO." This is incorrect. Perlmutter is the chair of Marvel Entertainment, which is made up of only the comic book and television divisions of the Marvel business. Kevin Feige is the president of Marvel Studios and reports directly to the chairman of The Walt Disney Studios. Because Feige has been so instrumental in bringing diversity to Marvel's stable of films (Black Panther, Captain Marvel, Black Widow (upcoming), Shang-Chi (upcoming), Blade (upcoming), Black Panther 2 (upcoming, and Captain Marvel 2 (upcoming)), The Grab Your Wallet Alliance made a judgement call to refrain from adding Marvel to the boycott list. That said, if you'd like to express your concern about Perlmutter's continued and reportedly very-problematic-for-many presence at Marvel, the head of its media relations team, Jeff Klein, can be reached at jeff_klein@dkcnews.com
98
PayPalPaypal co-founder Peter Thiel is an official Trump campaign surrogate but his involvement with Paypal ended long before the 2016 election and he does not sit on the company's board. While some boycotts of PayPal have chosen to focus on Trump supporter Carl Ichan being a PayPal stockholder, publicly traded companies do not control who owns stock in them and according to the Wall Street Journal, Ichan owns only 3% of the company's stock, which is not a controlling share.
99
NiketownUpdate 12/6/17: Forbes reports that Niketown is leaving Trump's property in New York City and that Trump was a factor in that decision. The athletic apparel company’s flagship Niketown store in New York City was located in a space owned by Trump and was reportedly one of Donald's biggest revenue generators, but as with other companies that leased from Trump, it is acknowledged that the lease was likely signed prior to the election, which is why Niketown was never placed on the Grab Your Wallet list.
100
Washington PostWhen it was a major retailer of the Donald & Ivanka Trump brands, Amazon was on the #GrabYourWallet boycott list. Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos personally owns the Washington Post, however the Post was an institution long before Amazon bought it and it continues to do some of the finest and most essential investigative reporting in the world. When polled, GrabYourWallet participants steadfastly said WaPo should not be added to the list. It is worth noting that in June 2018, Washington Post employees released an open letter to Jeff Bezos in video form, saying that Bezos had ignored their unions' pleas for pay equity and fair raises, despite the fact that they had doubled digital subscription rates and raised page views by over half in a one year period. We do encourage people to subscribe directly to WaPo versus doing so through the Amazon site or Kindle, Fire, etc.