Law Terminology
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ConceptTerminologyNotesAkoma Ntoso Document Mapping
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A draft of a document intended for introduction to the legislature[US-CA] Draft
[US-CA] Request
Bill
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An official document of the legislature[US-CA] Measure
[US-CA] Bill
[US] Resolution
[US-CA] In California it is legal and proper to call a "measure" a "bill", but it is acknowleged as being technically inaccurate. Bill
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A law proposed by the legislature[AKN] Bill
[US-CA] Bill
[US] Bill, Joint Resolution
[US-CA] All laws proposed by the legislature must be Bills.
[US] A US joint resolution is similar to a bill, but is used for reasons often involving temporary measures or measures that do not affect the US Code.
Bill
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An official statement of the legislature that is not proposed law.[US-CA] Resolution
[US] Non-binding Resolution
Bill
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A non-binding statement from both houses to a higher level government (ie. Congress)[US-CA] Joint ResolutionBill
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A non-binding statement from both houses.[US-CA] Concurrent Resolution
[US] Concurrent Resolution
Bill
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A law proposed by the people[US-CA] InitiativeBill
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A proposed change to the constitution[US-CA] Constitutional Amendment
[US] Consitutional Amendment
[US-CA] A constitutional amendment is resolution and requires a majority vote of the people to pass into law.
[US] A constitutional amendment is a Joint Resolution and requires a 3/4th vote of the state to pass into law.
Bill
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A proposed law put to the people for approval[US-CA] (Ballot) Proposition[US-CA] A ballot proposition is either an initiative or a constitutional amendmentBill
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A proposed law that is presented for the final vote in a house or chamber (after 3rd reading)[US] Engrossed billBill
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A proposed law that has passed both houses and been ratified by the secretary of state[US-CA] Enrolled Bill
[US] Enrolled Bill
Bill
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A passed law[AKN] Act
[US-CA] Statute
[US-CA] Chapter
[US-CA] Act
[US] Statute
[HK] Ordinance
[US-CA] A bill becomes a statute when signed by the governor.
[Various] A law passed by a local body is an Ordinance. For city states, such as Hong Kong, their laws are ordinances.
Act
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A compilation of passed laws[US-CA] Code
[US] Code
Act
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A collection of passed laws[US-CA] Statutes
[US] Statutes at Large
Act
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A change proposed to proposed legislation[AKN] Amendment
[US-CA] Amendment (Instruction)
Amendment
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A change proposed to proposed legislation by a legislator[US-CA] Floor Amendment
[US] Floor Amendment
Amendment
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A change proposed to proposed legislation by a committee[US-CA] Committee Amendment
[US] Committee Amendment
Amendment
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A document containing proposed changes to legislation[AKN] Amendment?
[US-CA] Instruction Amendment
[US-CA] A california instruction amendment is a consolidated list of proposed amendments to be voted on as a complete set.Amendment
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The process of combining proposed changes to proposed law[AKN] Consolidation
[US-CA] In California, this process is done prior to voting on a set of amendments - and those amendments pass/fail as a set.
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The process of applying proposed changes to proposed law. [AKN] Consolidation
[US-CA] Merging amendments
[Various US states] Engrossing
[US-CA] The term "merging amendments" is internal jargon - not official terminology.
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The process of proofreading and correcting errors in proposed legislation.[US-CA] Engrossing[US-CA] In California, engrossing is a function of the Chief Clerks office, while drafting and merging amendments is a function of the Legislative Counsel's office.
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A change proposed to the law[AKN] Modification
[US-CA] Action
[US-CA] The term "action" in internal jargon.
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The process of assigning a statute to existing law[US] Classification
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The process of applying changes to the law[US-CA] (Code) Compilation
[US] Amendment Execution
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The process of re-arranging pre-existing statutes into codes[US-CA] Codification
[US] Codification
[US] The process of enacting laws that restate non-positive law as positive law ???
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A document containing proposed changes to existing law.[US-CA] Bill, Initiative, Constitutional Amendment
[US] Bill, Joint Resolution, Constitution Amendment
[US] A joint resolution is not used to modify the US Codes
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A document containing changes to law[US-CA] Statute
[US-CA] Chapter (number)
[US-CA] A "chapter" or "chapter number" is a colloquialism.
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Changes proposed on one document that affect another document[AKN] Active Modifications
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Changes recorded within a document relative to a prior version[AKN] Passive Modifications
[US-CA] Redlining
[US] Redlining
[US-CA,US] Redlining changes are not necessarily explicit changes but rather reflect the change according to some local custom
[US-CA] In California (and other states), some redlining informatively reflects details of Active Modification proposed by the document
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A rendition of a document as it exists at a point in time.[AKN] Version
[US-CA] Version
[US-CA] California versions start at 99 and decrement. The version number is displayed in the lower right of the first page in the printed form.
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The initial version of proposed legislation[US-CA] Introduced Version
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A modified version of proposed legislation[AKN] Amended Version
[US-CA] Amended Version
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The final version in a house or chamber[US] Engrossed Version
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The version ratified by the secretary of state[US-CA] Enrolled Version
[US] Enrolled Version
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A modified version of existing law[AKN] Modified ActAct
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Law that is stated as part of a code[US] Positive Law
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Law that is stated as part of the compilation of statutes[US-CA] Statutes Other Than Codes [SOTC]
[US] Non-positive Law
[US] Non-positive law is editorial added to the US Code, but is not classified as part of the US Code.
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Proposed Law that applies to society in general[US] Public BillBill
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Proposed Law that applies to an individual or a group[US] Private Bill[US] Punitive private bills, known as a Bill of Attainder, is forbidden by the US Constitution
[US] Private laws are added to the Statutes at Large.
Bill
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