Phyla of the Animal Kingdom (Responses)
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CDE
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Phylum?Characteristics of Phylum? (point form please)Examples of Phylum? (point form please)
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Annelida
-segmented
-external parasites
- two Brains
- polypheltic
- burrow in soil
- digestive tract is simple
- feed on live organic matter
- increase soil fertility
-symmetry
-1mm to 3m
-large amounts of chitin
-thick longitudinal muscles
- brain varies
Leeches
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AnnelidaSymmetry in size
Colon
Body wall
Nervous system
Leeches
Earthworms
4
AnnelidaSegmented worm
Grow in soil
Mouth located under head
Member of the food chain
Parapodia
Worm
Leeches
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Annelida
*polychaeta, Ougochaeta,
*soil fertility, decomposition, food change
*Bilateral, symmetrical
*two brains
Leeches
Worms
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AnnelidaSymmetry
Colon
Body wall
Unjointed segmented body parts
Nervous system
Leech
Earthworms
Freshwater worms
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Annelida
Mostly lives in soil
Lives off of organic matter
Symmetry in size
All have similar colons
Body wall surrounds body and never sheds
Nervous system
Leeches
Earth worm
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AnnelidaSymmetrical
Can grow bigger or longer
Colon
Nervous System
Leech
Ringed worm
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Annelida
Commonly lives in the soil
Increase soil fertility and is a member of the food chain.
Symmetry and size
Bilateral symmetry
Bodied wall
Contain citin
Parapodia
Leeches
Worms
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Annelida
-each body segment has a pair of protrusion
-digestive system runs through the length of the body
-colon
- layer of circular muscle
-leeches
-earth worm
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AnnelidaSymmetry in size
Colin
Body wall
Parapodia
Leeches, earthworm, segmented worms
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Annelida-segmented
-symmetry in size
-no appendages
-no obvious head
Earth Worm
Leeches
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AnnelidaSymmetry
Colon
Body wall
Unjointed segmented body parts
Nervous system
Leech
Earthworms
Freshwater worms
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AnnelidaSegmented bodies
Bilateral symmetrical
Similar length
coelom
Body wall- continuous surface
Leeches- marine
Polychaeta- water environments
Earthworms- terrestrial
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ArthropodaExoskeleton
Segmented bodies
Joined appendages
Bilateral symmetry
Open circulatory system
Crabs
Butterflies
Spiders
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ArthropodaExoskeleton
Segmented bodies
Jointed appendages
Bilateral symmetry
Open circulatory system
Butterfly
Spider
Lobster
Centipedes
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Arthropoda
ConsiderEd s to be the most successful
Segmented bodies external and internal
Limbs bending on one direction
Butterfly
Spider
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ArthropodaExoskeleton
Segmented bodies
Spider
Centipede
Lobster
Butterfly
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Arthropoda
4 types
Most successful phylum
-exoskeleton
-segmented bodies
- jointed aphendidges
- bilateral symmetry
- open circulatory system
Crabs, lobsters, millipedes, butterflies, centipedes, bees
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Arthropoda
-Considered to be most successful because of wide variety and ability to live anywhere.
- Have an exoskeleton, which they shed periodically
- Jointed Apendages (Greek origin) Limbs generally only bend in one way
- Bilatersl symmetry
-Open, circulatory system (blood is pumped into sinuseses instead of veins)
- There are 1,900 edible species
-Have many different uses from pest control, to making materials essential to human survival.
Insects, Crabs
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ArthropodaExoskeleton
Segmented body
Jointed appendages
Bilateral symmetry
Open circulatory system
Crabs
Insects
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Arthropoda
-most suscessful phyla because of their biodiversity
-exoskeleton
-segmented bodies
-jointed appendages
-bilateral symmetry
-open circulatory system
-aranae (arachnids)
-Danaus Plexippus (butterfly)
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ArthropodaInvertebrae
Segmented bodies
Open circulatory system
Butterfly
Spiders
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Arthropoda
*4 groups - butterflies, spiders, crabs, insects
*Most successful due to adaptation
*Exoskeleton, segmented bodies, jointed appendages, Bilateral symmetry, open circulatory system
*Used as food, pest control, numbers and diversity composers



*Spiders
*Crabs
*Insects
*Butterflies
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Arthropoda
-exoskeleton
-segmented bodies
-bilateral symmetry
-open circulatory system
Importance because of extreme diversity
So many different roles in the environment and helpful to us because of other uses like silk and beeswax.
4 groups- butterfly, crab, spider, insects
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Arthropoda
-hard exoskeleton
-segmented bodies internally and externally
-jointed appendages
-open circulatory system
-crab
-centipede
-spider
-butterfly

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Arthropoda
Exoskeleton- don't have internal bones
Segemented bodies
Jointed appendages
Bilateral symmetry
Open circulatory system
Insects
Crabs
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Arthropoda-able to live in many environments
-exoskeleton
- segmented bodies
-symmetrical bodies
-insects
-
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ArthropodaInvertebrae
Segmented bodies
Open circulatory system
Butterfly
Spiders
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ArthropodaInvertebrae
Segmented bodies
Open circulatory system
Considered to be most successful
Butterfly
Spiders
Crab
Centipede
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Arthropoda
ConsiderEd s to be the most successful
Segmented bodies external and internal
Limbs bending in one direction
Invertebrates
Butterfly
Spider
Crab
Centipede
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ChordataEctoderm
Dorsal hallow tube
notochord
Jawless fish
koala
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ChordataNotochord
Pharyngeal slits
Ectoderm
Dorsal hollow tube
Nerve chord
Jawless fish
Koala
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ChordataOuter layer
Veterbrate
Jawless fish
Koala
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ChordataEctoderm
All organisms have a notochord
Jawless fish
Coala bear
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ChordataNotochord- replaced by spine
Hollow dorsal nerve chord
Ectoderm

Jawless fish
Koala
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ChordataNotochord
Ectoderm
Make up large part of our ecosystem
Koala
Jawless fish
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Chordata-All organism have a notochord
-Ectoderm (outer layer of embryo)
-All organisms have a
-Make up most of the population
-
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ChordataAll organisms have a notochord
Ectoderm
Others have a dorm
Jawless fish
Koala bear
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ChordataHolodorsal
Flexible
Vertebraic
Since of food for humans
Pets
Kingdom Animalia
Jollus fish
Koala bear
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ChordataNotochord
Ectoderm
Dorsal hollow tube
Jawless fish
Koala
Dog
Cat
Fish
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Chordata
Notochord
Ectoderm
Make up most of population
Large part of ecosystems
Food for humans
Uchordata-lack of a backbone
Vertebrate-have a backbone
Jawless fish
Koala bear
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Chordata-ectoderm
-spine when they grow (some have backbones)
-make a large part of our ecosystem
-reptiles
-koala
-birds
-fish
-amphibians
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Chordata
Have a notachord flexible structure that's the main support
Main source of food for humans
Koala bear
Cows
Fish
Reptile
Birds
Koala bear
Beatles/ insects
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ChordataHave a notochord
Ectoderm- outer layer of embryo
Dorsal hollow tube
Jawless fish
Koala
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Chordata-have a notochord
-ectoderm
-dorsal hollow tube
-pharyngeal slits
-jawless fish
-Koala bear
-reptiles
-amphibians
-birds
-fish
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ChordataNotochordJawless fish
Koala
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ChordataNotochord
Make up a large part of the ecosystem
Koala
Jawless fish
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ChordataNoter-cord (flexible structure)
Koala
Reptile
Fish
Bird
Anfibian
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Cnidaria
Live in freshwater and marine
Asexual/sexual
9000 living species
Active or passive predators
Can be deadly
Box jellies
Coral
Jellyfish
Hydra
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Cnidaria
-Asexual
-4 groups
-Aquatic Species
-Active or passive predators
-9000 living species
-Some are harmful to humans
-Do not have a true respiratory system, occurs through diffusion
-Live alone or in colonies
-Radially symmetrical, but have no head or brain
-Parts exchange outward from body core
-Cubazoa
-Scyphozoa
-Anthozoa
-Hydrozoa
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CnidariaAsexual
Mouths that face upwards
They live in water
Sexual
No head or brain
Corral
Moon jellies
Box jellies
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CnidariaCubozoa
Scyphozoa
Anthozoa
Hydrozoa
Asexual reproduction
Nadaria
Jelly fish
Coral
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Cnidaria
Aquatic
Active/passive predator
Single opening for mouth and anus
Asexual and sexual
Some are poisonous
Symmetrical
Portuguese Man-o-war
Jellyfish
Corals
Box jellyfish
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Cnidaria
Cubozoa
Scyphozoa
Anthozoa
Hydrozoa
Asexual
Freshwater
Play role by providing a habitat to animals
Endangered due to pollution
Fire coral
Jellyfish
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CnidariaAnthozoa- exclusively marine
Species are aquatic
Either active or passive predators
Scyphoza, Cubozoa, Anthozoa, Hydrozoa
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Cnidaria
4 groups
- marine and fresh water
- colonial
-sedentary
- asexual
- sessile
- sexual
- mm to m
- 9000 species
- aquatic
- active or passive predators
- 3 tissue layers
- single opening for food and wasted
- respiratory through walls
- radially symmetrical
- key ecological rolls
Endangered because of humans
Jellies
Coral
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CnidariaExclusively marine
Coral
Organisms live upside down
Acquatic
Coral
Some swimming organisms
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Cnidaria
-aquatic
-stinging cells
-three tissue layers
-no true circulatorynosy stem
-on polyps have firm skeleton
-
-cubozoa
-Scyphozoa
-Anthozoa
-Hydrozoa
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Cnidaria
Anothozoa, syphozoza, Anthozoa, hydrozoas; 4 groups
9000 living species
Aquatic species
Not as common in freshwater
Active or passive predators
3 tissue layers
Do not have a true circulatory system
Most are not harmful
Do not have a head or brain
Body parts extend out from the centre
Human activity damages the coral reffs
Coral reffs
Jellyfish
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Cnidaria
-mostly marine -less common in freshwater
-asexual & sexual
-single opening for mouth/anus
-no specialized respiratory system
-most have no firm skeleton
-jellies
-coral
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Cnidaria
Cubozoa
scyphozoa
Anthozoa
Hydrozoa

Tentacles
Asexual
Free swimming organisms
Range in size
Have tentacles
Aquatic creatures
Few in freshwater
Passive predators
3 tissue layers
Not harmful except for some
Bait ally symmetrical
Parts of body extend
Rich diversity of animals importance to ecosystems
Discharge harms coral reefs
Coral
Jellyfish
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Cnidaria
Medusa
-floating
-sexual

Second type
-sessile

Marine and some freshwater
3 tissue layers
Not harmful to humans except for some
No head or Brain
Provide habitat
Anthozoa
Cubozoa
Scyphozoa
Hydrozoa
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CnidariaAsexual
Tentacles
Live in water
Sexual
No head or brain
Box jellies
Moon jellies
Corral
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CnidariaAquatic animals
Have tenticals
Cubozona
Schyphozoa
Anthozoa
Hydrozoa
66
Cnidaria
Sessile/ sedentary
Asexual/sexual
Aquatic
3 tissue layers
One opening for mouth and anus
No specialized organs
No head or brain
Box jellies
Moon jelly
Purple jelly
Fire coral
Hydra
Sea pens
67
Cnidaria
-live upside down
-mostly marine
-asexual and sexual
-does not have a respiratory system
-have no head or brain
Jellyfish
Coral
68
CnidariaWater vascular system
Aquatic
Invertebrates
No hair
Calcification skeleton
Sea cucumbers
Starfish
Sand dollars
Feather stars
Sea urchins
69
EchinodermataCalcitic skeleton
Water vascular system
Mutable collengous tissue
Marine habitat
pelago
Sand dollars
Starfish
Sea cucumbers
70
Echinodermata
Calcification skeleton
-water vascular system
- marine habitatss
Invertebrate
No head
13000 extinct
Variable body
Starfish
Sand dollar
Sea biscuits
Sea urchins
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Echinodermata
Skeleton composed of many addicted
Water vascular system
No head
Most evolutionary advanced
Feather stars
Starfish
Sea urchins
72
Echinodermata
Skeleton composed of ossicles
Lives in marine habitat
Highly variable body, no head
A lot are extinct
Provide oxygen to the ocean floor
Keeps seaweeed contained
Starfish
Sanddoallars
73
Echinodermata
Calcite skeleton
Water vasical system
Lives in marine habitats
Highly variable body, no head
Decentralized nervous system
Feather stars
Star fish
Sea cucumbers
Sand dollars
74
Echinodermata
Calcitic skeleton
Water vascular system
Mutable collagenous tissue
Live in marine habitats
No head
Invertebrates
Feather stars
Starfish
Sand dollars
Brittle stars
Sea biscuits
Sea urchins
Sea cucumbers
75
Echinodermata
-Calcitic skeleton, composed of many ossicles
-Water vascular system
-Mutable collagenous tissue
-Live in marine habitat
-De centralized nervous system
-Highly variable body
-Most evolutionary advanced
-Feather stars
-Starfish
-Sea Urchins
-Sea cucumbers

76
Echinodermata
Calcitic skeleton composed of many ossicles
Water vascular system
Mutable college nous tissue
Live in marine habitats
Pelagic bentic life cycle
Different sex
Star fish
Sea cucumbers
Sea biscuit
Brittle stars
77
Echinodermata
Water vascular system
Invertibrae
No head
Most advanced evolutionary
Used to produce medicine
Salt water
Seasonal breeding
Starfish
Urchin
Sea cucumber
78
EchinodermataCalcitic skeleton
Water vascular system
Mutable collagenous tissue
Live in marine habitats
Feather stars
Starfish
Sea urchins
Sea cucumbers
Sand dollars
Sea lilies
Sea biscuits
Brittle stars
79
EchinodermataWater vascular system
Live in marine habitats
Mutable collagenous tissue
No head
Sea cucumbers
Sand dollars
Sea urchin
Sea biscuit
Sea lilies
Feather stars
Starfish
80
Echinodermata-water vascular system
-marine habitats
-seasonal breeding
-sand dollars
-starfish
-sea cucumbers
-sea biscuits
81
Echinodermata
Calcification skeleton
Water vascular system
Mutable collage nous tissue
Live in marine habitats
Pelago
Decentralized nervous system
Feather stars
Starfish
Sea cucumbers
Sea lilies
Jelly fish
82
Echinodermata
Water vascular system
Mutagen collagenous tissue
Invertebrate
Decentralized nervous system
Live in marine habitats
Starfish
Feather stars
Sea lilies
Sea biscuits
Sea cucumber
83
Echinodermata
-calcification skeleton composed of many ossicles
-marine habitat
-water vascular system
-mutable collage nous tissue
-highly variable body, no head
-substraight kelp
-most are extinct
-
-sea urchin
-star fish
-feather stars
-sea cucumber
-sand dollar
-sea biscuits
-sea lilies
-brittle stars
84
Echinodermata
Water vascular system based on water not on blood
No head
Live in marine habitats
Stable food sources for other animals
Starfish
Sand dollars
Sea cucumber
85
Echinodermata
Calcification skeleton
Water vascular system
Live in marine habitats
Invertebrate
Extinct!
Separate sexes
Feed on nasty particles or plants
Mobile
Seasonal breeding
Prehatching birth
Gives us a state of the ocean
Filter feeders
Detritus
Can covert salt from the ocean to their skeletons
Substraight
Starfish
Sea urchins
Sand dollars
Sea cucumbers
86
Echinodermata--sea biscuits
-sand dollars
-starfish
-sea cucumber
87
MolluscaHead foot
Visceral mass
Mantle
Mantle cavity
Invertebrates
Gastropoda
Snail
Octopus
Squid
88
Mollusca
Head foot, Visceral mask, Mantel
Shells used as jewelry
Second largest phylum
Bilaterally symetrical
Snails
Squids
Octopuses
Clams
89
Mollusca
Head/foot
Visceral mass
Mantle
Molluscs is second largest phylum in animal kingdom
Asymmetrical
Snails , clams, squid, oysters
, slugs,
90
MolluscaHead foot
Mantel
Visceral mass
Most diverse
Shells
Snail
Squid
91
MolluscaHead/foot
Mantle
Visceral mass
Snail
Molluscs shells
Octopus
Clams
Scallops
Slugs
92
MolluscaHead foot
Mantel
Visceral mass
Most molluscs are marine
Invertebrates
Snail
Squid
Shells
93
MolluscaHead foot
Visceral mass
Mantel. Special tissue secretes shell
.assymetrical bodies
Oysters
Clams
Squids
Bilaterally symmetrical
Snails
Gastropoda
Polysipoda
Octopus
94
MolluscaHead/foot
Visceral mask
Shells
Most diverse
Snails
Clamps
Squids
95
Mollusca
Head/foot- sensory and motor
Mantle- secretes the shell, collects discharge for organism, part between shell and body
Visceral mass- contains internal organs
Bilaterally symmetrical
Snails, slugs - terrestrial
Clams- in mud and sand
Squid- active, adapted for swimming
96
Mollusca
-head/ foot
-Mantle
-visceral mass
-many uses
-analids-close relationship
-Invertebrates
-most are marine animals
-snails
-slugs
-octopus
-squid
-clam
97
Mollusca-head/foot
-visceral mass
-mantle
-most are marine
-one of the most diverse groups
-snails (gastropoda)
-clam
-squid
98
MolluscaHead, foot
Visceral masc
Mantle- special tissue
Snails
Clams
Squids
99
Mollusca
-Head foot (sensory organs, motor organs)
-Visceral Mass (contains internal organs)
-Mantle (contains gills and tongue)
-Radula
-Bilaterally Symmetrical
-Contain hundreds of thousands of specimens
-Bivalves
Snails, Octopus, Clams, Squid
100
MolluscaVisceral mass
Head foot
Mantle
Invertebrae
Most diverse
Snail
Octopus
Squid
Oysters
Slugs
Clams
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