SDG_IE_Framework.xlsx
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OUR INDICATORSDefinitionSDG Overall Goal NameSDG Target NameSDG Indicator Name
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A1. Percentage of population with higher educational attainment than their parents.Intergenerational education mobility. Goal 4: Quality Education: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all4.3 By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university
4.3.1 Participation rate of youth and adults in formal and non-formal education and training in the previous 12 months, by sex
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A2. Intergenerational income mobility.The influence of parental background on individual earnings. The estimates are the best point estimate of the intergenerational earnings elasticity resulting from an extensive meta-analysis carried out by Corak (2006) and supplemented with additional countries from d’Addio (2007). The higher the value, the greater is the persistence (i.e., immobility) of earnings across generations.Goal 10_Reduce Inequalities:Reduce inequality within and among countries
10.2 By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
NA
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A3i. Proportion of the lowest earning 25 to 30 year olds that experience wage progression 10 years later.The proportion of individuals in the bottom fifth of earners at age 25 to 30 that are 20 or more percentiles higher in the earnings distribution 10 years later. Measures available for the UK. Studies available for the USA (See: Raj Chetty).Goal 8_Decent Work & Economic Growth: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
8.5 By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value
8.5.1 Average hourly earnings of female and male employees, by occupation, age and persons with disabilities
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A4c. Early Childhood EducationPercentage of children 36‒59 months old who are attending an early childhood education programme.Goal 4: Quality Education. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all4.2 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education4.2.1 Proportion of children under 5 years of age who are developmentally on track in health, learning and psychosocial well-being, by sex. 4.2.2 Participation rate in organized learning (one year before the official primary entry age), by sex
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B1. Ratio of income/consumption of the highest quintile to lowest quintile.Inequality in per capita income and consumption. Income share held by highest 10% to lowest 10%. Consumption segment highest to lowest. Percentage share of income or consumption is the share that accrues to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles.Goal 10_Reduced inequalities : Growth rates of household expenditure or income per capita among the bottom 40 per cent of the population and the total population
Goal 10.1 By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
Goal 10.1.1 Growth rates of household expenditure or income per capita among the bottom 40 per cent of the population and the total population
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B2. Percentage of households with incomes below 50% of median income.Measures relative income poverty at the national level. It measures how far individuals are from the median standard of living, approximating a measure of social exclusion.Goal 10_Reduced inequalities : Growth rates of household expenditure or income per capita among the bottom 40 per cent of the population and the total population
10.2 By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
10.2.1 Proportion of people living below 50 per cent of median income, by age, sex and persons with disabilities
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B3. Wealth share of top 1%.
The share of wealth owned by the 1% wealthiest people in the population.Goal 10_Reduced inequalities : Growth rates of household expenditure or income per capita among the bottom 40 per cent of the population and the total population
10.3 Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
(only added as a reference)
nothing about wealth or top 1% in the SDGs
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B4. Gender Inequality Index (GII).Measures gender inequalities in three important aspects of human development—reproductive health, measured by maternal mortality ratio and adolescent birth rates; empowerment, measured by proportion of parliamentary seats occupied by females and proportion of adult females and males aged 25 years and older with at least some secondary education; and economic status, expressed as labour market participation and measured by labour force participation rate of female and male populations aged 15 years and older. The higher the GII value the more disparities between females and males and the more loss to human development.Goal 5_Gender Equality. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Goal 3_ Good Health & Well Being: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Goal 4_Quality Education: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
5.5 Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life. 5.6 Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences
3.1 By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births
3.7 By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes
4.3 By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university

5.5.1 Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments and local governments.
5.6.1 Proportion of women aged 15-49 years who make their own informed decisions regarding sexual relations, contraceptive use and reproductive health care
5.6.2 Number of countries with laws and regulations that guarantee women aged 15-49 years access to sexual and reproductive health care, information and education
3.1.1 Maternal mortality ratio
3.1.2Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel
3.7.1 Proportion of women of reproductive age (aged 15-49 years) who have their need for family planning satisfied with modern methods
3.7.2 Adolescent birth rate (aged 10-14 years; aged 15-19 years) per 1,000 women in that age group
4.3.1 Participation rate of youth and adults in formal and non-formal education and training in the previous 12 months, by sex
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C1. Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services, including a hand-washing facility with soap and water.
Percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. Improved sanitation facilities are likely to ensure hygienic separation of human excreta from human contact. They include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.Goal 6: Clean water & Sanitation: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
6.2 By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
6.2.1 Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services, including a hand-washing facility with soap and water
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C2. Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source.Percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the user’s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).Goal 6: Clean water & Sanitation: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all6.1 By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
6.4 By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity
6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services
6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time
6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources
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C3. Share of households with electricity or other modern energy services.Share of households with no access to commercial energy services including electricity, or heavily dependent on ‘traditional’ non-commercial energy options, such as fuelwood, charcoal, agricultural wastes and animal dung.Goal 7: Affordable & Clean Energy: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
7.1.1 Proportion of population with access to electricity
7.1.2 Proportion of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology
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C4. Primary completion rate.Total number of new entrants in the last grade of primary education, expressed as percentage of the total population of the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary.Goal 4: Quality Education_Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
4.1 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes
4.1.1 Proportion of children and young people: (a) in grades 2/3; (b) at the end of primary; and (c) at the end of lower secondary achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in (i) reading and (ii) mathematics, by sex
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C5. Infant and under-5 mortality rate.Infant mortality rate: the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year. Under-5 mortality rate: the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five.Goal 3_ Good Health & Well Being: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
3.2 By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births
3.2.1 Under-five mortality rate
3.2.2 Neonatal mortality rate
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C6c. Proportion of population that has convenient access to public transport.Definition for national level: proportion of the population that has a public transit stop within 0.5 km. Sub-national level: KM of high-capacity public transport system per 100,000 population. Goal 11: Sustainable Cities & Communities: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
11.2 By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons
11.2.1 Proportion of population that has convenient access to public transport, by sex, age and persons with disabilities
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C7c. Rating on level of women's social rights.Composite measure of 12 social rights: right to equal inheretance, right to enter marriage equal with men, right to travel abroad, right to obtain a passport, right to confer citizenship to children or a husband, right to initiate a divorce, right to property in marriage, right to social and cultural participation in communities, right to education, freedom to choose residence, freedom from female genital mutilation, freedom from forced sterilization. Goal 5: Gender Equality. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
5.3 Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation
5.A Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws
5.3.1 Proportion of women aged 20-24 years who were married or in a union before age 15 and before age 18
5.3.2 Proportion of girls and women aged 15-49 years who have undergone female genital mutilation/cutting, by age
5.6.1 Proportion of women aged 15-49 years who make their own informed decisions regarding sexual relations, contraceptive use and reproductive health care
5.A.1 (a) Proportion of total agricultural population with ownership or secure rights over agricultural land, by sex; and (b) share of women among owners or rights-bearers of agricultural land, by type of tenure
5.A.2 Proportion of countries where the legal framework (including customary law) guarantees women’s equal rights to land ownership and/or control
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D1. Labor force participation rate (of working age population).Employment participation. Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.Goal 8_Decent Work & Economic Growth: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
8.5 By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value
8.5.1 Average hourly earnings of female and male employees, by occupation, age and persons with disabilities
8.5.2 Unemployment rate, by sex, age and persons with disabilities
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D2. Share of informal employment.Informal employment comprises persons who in their main or secondary jobs were: Own-account workers, employers and members of producers' cooperatives employed in their own informal sector enterprises.Goal 8_Decent Work & Economic Growth: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
8.3 Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services
8.3.1 Proportion of informal employment in non agriculture employment, by sex
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D3. New business density (new registrations per 1,000 people ages 15-64).New limited liability corporations registered in the calendar year.Goal 8_Decent Work & Economic Growth: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
8.3 Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services
8.3.1 Proportion of informal employment in non agriculture employment, by sex
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D4. Household final consumption expenditure per capita (constant 2005 US$).Household final consumption expenditure per capita (private consumption per capita) is calculated using private consumption in constant 2005 prices and World Bank population estimates. Household final consumption expenditure is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households.Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries
10.1 By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
10.1.1 Growth rates of household expenditure or income per capita among the bottom 40 per cent of the population and the total population
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E1. Ease of Doing Business (EoDB) Distance to Frontier.An economy’s distance to frontier is reflected on a scale from 0 to 100, where 0 represents the lowest performance and 100 represents the frontier (most optimal performance).It is based on 36 indicators
for 10 Doing Business topics that measures ease of doing business in an economy.
Topics:
1) starting a business;
2) dealing with construction permits;
3) getting electricity;
4) registering property;
5) getting credit;
6) protecting minority investors;
7) paying taxes;
8) trading across borders;
9) enforcing contracts;
10) resolving insolvency.
Goal 9_Industry Innovation & Infrastructure: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
Goal 8_ Goal 8: Decent Work & Economic Growth_Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
9.3 Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets (Topic 5)
8.3 Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services
9.3.1 Proportion of small-scale industries in total industry value added (Topic 5)
9.3.2 Proportion of small-scale industries with a loan or line of credit(Topic 5)
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E2. Voice and accountability indicator.Perceptions of the extent to which a country's citizens are able to participate in selecting their government, as well as freedom of expression, freedom of association, and a free media.Goal 16_Sustainable Development : Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
16.7.1 Proportions of positions (by sex, age, persons with disabilities and population groups) in public institutions (national and local legislatures, public service, and judiciary) compared to national distributions
16.7.2Proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group
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E3. Control of corruption indicator.Captures perceptions of the extent to which public power is exercised for private gain, including both petty and grand forms of corruption, as well as "capture" of the state by elites and private interests.
Sub-national level: number of corruption convictions and/or bribary by city oficials by 100,000 population.
Goal 16_Sustainable Development : Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels Goal10_Reduced Inequalities: Reduce inequality within and among countries
16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms
10.3 Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
16.5.1 Proportion of persons who had at least one contact with a public official and who paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials, during the previous 12 months 10.3.1 Proportion of the population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed within the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law
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F1. Mobile cellular telephone subscribers per 100 population.The percentage of the population covered by a mobile cellular network can be considered as a minimum indicator for ICT access since it provides people with the possibility to subscribe to and use mobile-cellular services to communicate. Over the last decade, mobile-cellular networks have expanded rapidly and helped overcome very basic infrastructure barriers that existed when fixed telephone networks – often limited to urban and highly populated areas - were the dominant telecommunication infrastructure. Goal 9: Industry Innovation and Infrastructure _Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
9.C Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020
9.C.1 Proportion of population covered by a mobile network, by technology
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F2. Percentage of households with Internet.Increase high-quality access to the Internet and its increasing amount of information, content, services, and applications.Goal 9: Industry Innovation and Infrastructure _Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
Goal 17 Partnerships for the Goals_Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development
9.C Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020
17.8 Fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology
17.6 Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism
9.C.1 Proportion of population covered by a mobile network, by technology
17.8.1 Proportion of individuals using the Internet
17.6.2 Fixed Internet broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants, by speed
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G1. Employment-to-population ratio (of working age population).Access to employment. Sub-national level: percentage of population in full-time employment.Goal 8: Decent Work & Economic Growth_Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
8.5 By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value
8.5.1 Average hourly earnings of female and male employees, by occupation, age and persons with disabilities
8.5.2 Unemployment rate, by sex, age and persons with disabilities
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G2. Growth rate of average per capita income 2005 PPP $.Annual percentage growth rate of GDP per capita based on constant local currency. Goal 8: Decent Work & Economic Growth_Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
8.1 Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries
8.1.1 Annual growth rate of real GDP per capita
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G3. Proportion of population below $1.25 (PPP) per day.Number of persons living in households below the poverty line. When combining poverty status with employment status, the concept of the working poor is captured, which aims to measure how many workers, despite being in employment, live in poverty. Sub-national level: percentage of population living in poverty.Goal 1 End Poverty_End poverty in all its forms everywhere
1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day
1.1.1 Proportion of population below the international poverty line, by sex, age, employment status and geographical location (urban/rural)
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H1. GDP per capita, PPP (current international $).PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates.Goal 8_Decent Work & Economic growth: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
8.1 Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries
8.1.1 Annual growth rate of real GDP per capita
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H2. Proportion of population above minimum level of dietary energy consumption.Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 2.5 signifies a prevalence of undernourishment below 2.5%.Goal 2 : Zero Hunger _ End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
2.1 By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round
2.1.1 Prevalence of undernourishment
2.1.2 Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity in the population, based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES)
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H3. Durable structures (Slum population as percentage of urban).A house is considered “durable” if it is built on a non-hazardous location and has a structure permanent and adequate enough to protect its inhabitants from the extremes of climatic conditions, such as rain, heat, cold and humidity. Households which live in slums usually occupy non durable dwelling units that expose them to high morbidity and mortality risks.Goal 11: Sustainable Cities& Communities _ Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
11.1 By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums
11.1.1 Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing
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H4. Life expectancy at birth.Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.Goal 3: Good Health & Well Being_ Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
3.2 By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births
3.2.1 Under-five mortality rate
3.2.2 Neonatal mortality rate
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I1. Labor productivity (GDP per hour worked).Positive changes in labour productivity measure the part of economic growth due to more effective work by those who are employed. Driving forces behind labour productivity include the accumulation of machinery and equipment, improvements in organization as well as physical and institutional infrastructures, improved health and skills of workers (“human capital”) and the generation of new technologies.Goal 8_Decent Work & Economic Growth: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all8.2 Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors
8.2.1 Annual growth rate of real GDP per employed person
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I2. Research and development expenditure (% of GDP).Current and capital expenditures (both public and private) on creative work undertaken systematically to increase knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture, and society, and the use of knowledge for new applications. R&D covers basic research, applied research, and experimental development.Goal 9_Industry Innovation & Infrastructure: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation9.5 Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending
9.5.1 Research and development expenditure as a proportion of GDP
9.5.2 Researchers (in full-time equivalent) per million inhabitants
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I3. High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports).High-technology exports are products with high R&D intensity, such as in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments, and electrical machinery.Goal 9_Industry Innovation & Infrastructure: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation9.B Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities
9.B.1 Proportion of medium and high-tech industry value added in total value added
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J1. 20 year change in proportion of population above minimum level of dietary energy consumption.Improvements in food intake of population throughout generations.Goal 2_Zero Hunger:End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
2.2 By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons
2.2.1 Prevalence of stunting (height for age <-2 standard deviation from the median of the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age
2.2.2 Prevalence of malnutrition (weight for height >+2 or <-2 standard deviation from the median of the WHO Child Growth Standards) among children under 5 years of age, by type (wasting and overweight)
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J2. 20 year change in durable structures (Slum population as percentage of urban).Improvements in living conditions of population throughout generations.Goal 11_ Sustainable Cities & Communities_Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
11.1 By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums
11.1.1 Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing
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J3. 20 year change in life expectancy at birth.Improvements in life expectancy of population throughout generations. Goal 3_ Good Health & Well-being: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
3.2 By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births
3.2.1 Under-five mortality rate
3.2.2 Neonatal mortality rate
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K1. Energy intensity (TPES/GDP PPP).It is calculated as units of energy per unit of GDP. High energy intensities indicate a high price or cost of converting energy into GDP. Low energy intensity indicates a lower price or cost of converting energy into GDP. Sub-national: KWH/Year.Goal 7_Affordable & Clean Energy: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all7.3 By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency
7.3.1 Energy intensity measured in terms of primary energy and GDP
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K2. Proportion of total water resources used (%).Total annual volume of groundwater and surface water withdrawn from its sources for human use. The indicator shows the degree to which total renewable water resources are being exploited to meet the country’s water demands and is thus a measure of water scarcity. Sub-national level: total water consumption per capita.Goal 6_Clean Water & Sanitation : Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
6.4 By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity
6.4.1Change in water-use efficiency over time 6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources
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K3. Proportion of wastewater safely treated.Improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally. The wastewater safely treated is calculated by combining the percentage of household (sewage and faecal sludge) wastewater and the percentage of wastewater from hazardous industries treated. The calculation of the indicator value is the amount treated (off-site and on-site) divided by the total amount of waste generated. Data expected to be available by 2018.Goal 6_Clean Water & Sanitation : Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
6.3 By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally
6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater safely treated
6.3.2 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality
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K4. CO2 emissions (kg per PPP $ of GDP).Carbon dioxide emissions are those stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid, and gas fuels and gas flaring.Goal 9_Industry Innovation & Infrastructure: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities 9.4.1 CO2 emission per unit of value added
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K5. Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter (e.g. PM2.5 and PM10) in cities (population weighted).
Level of air pollution.Goal 11_ Sustainable Cities & Communities: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
11.6 By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management
11.6.1 Proportion of urban solid waste regularly collected and with adequate final discharge out of total urban solid waste generated, by cities (IRRELEVANT) 11.6.2 Annual mean levels of fine particulate matter (e.g. PM2.5 and PM10) in cities (population weighted)
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K6. The Natural Resource Protection Indicator (NRPI).Assesses whether a country is protecting at least 10% of all of its biomes (e.g., deserts, forests, grasslands, aquatic, and tundra). It is designed to capture the comprehensiveness of a government’s commitment to habitat preservation and biodiversity protection (proxy for natural resource management). The World Wildlife Fund provided the underlying biome data, and the United Nations Environment Program World Conservation Monitoring Center provided the underlying data on protected areas. Based on proximity-to-target scores ranging from 0 to 100 (at target). The NRPI is calculated based on the weighted average percentage of biomes under protected status.Goal 15_Life on Land: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
15.3 By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world
15.4 By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development
15.1.1Forest area as a proportion of total land area
15.1.2 Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type
15.2.1 Progress towards sustainable forest management
15.3.1 Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area
15.4.1 Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity
15.4.2 Mountain Green Cover Index
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K7c. Share of Renewables in Total Primary Energy Supply (%).Final consumption of energy that is derived from renewable resources. Renewable energy technologies represent a major element in strategies for greening economies everywhere in the world and for tackling the critical global problem of climate change.Goal 7_Affordable & Clean Energy: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all7.2 By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
7.2.1 Renewable energy share in the total final energy consumption
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L1. Resource productivity. Ratio of GDP (at constant prices) to Domestic Material Consumption (DMC).The indicator provides a basis for policies to decouple the growth of the economy from the use of natural resources in order to reduce environmental degradation resulting from primary production, material processing, manufacturing and waste disposal. Reductions in intensity of material use can be achieved by more efficient use of natural resources in production and consumption, by recycling used and waste material, and by shifts in consumption patterns to less material intensive goods and services. GDP is expressed in terms of Euros or Purchasing Power Standard.Goal 8_ Decent Work & Economic Growth. :Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Goal 12_Responsible Consumption & Production
Goal 13_Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.
12.2 By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources
8.4 Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead.
13.b Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities
12.2.1 Material footprint, material footprint per capita, and material footprint per GDP
12.2.2 Domestic material consumption, domestic material consumption per capita, and domestic material consumption per GDP
8.4.1 Material footprint, material footprint per capita, and material footprint per GDP
8.4.2 Domestic material consumption, domestic material consumption per capita, and domestic material consumption per GDP
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M1. Standard deviation of year-to-year change in GDP, previous 20 years.Proxy for macroeconomic volatility, which is a major obsticle to growth. The standard deviation is calculated from the available data on GDP annual growth.Goal 8_Decent Work & Economic Growth: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all8.1 Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries
8.1.1 Annual growth rate of real GDP per capita
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M2. Regulatory quality indicator.Perceptions of the ability of the government to formulate and implement sound policies and regulations that permit and promote private sector development.
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N1. Percentage of population using banking services.Denotes the percentage of respondents who report having an account (by themselves or together with someone else). For 2011, this can be an account at a bank or another type of financial institution, and for 2014 this can be a mobile account as well (see year-specific definitions for details) (% age 15+).Goal 8_ Decent Work & Economic Growth. :Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
8.10 Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all
8.10.2 Proportion of adults (15 years and older) with an account at a bank or other financial institution or with a mobile-money-service provider
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N2. Borrowed from a financial institution (% age 15+) - Access to formal credit.The percentage of respondents who report borrowing any money from a bank or another type of financial institution in the past 12 months.Goal 8_ Decent Work & Economic Growth. :Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
8.10 Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all
8.10.2 Proportion of adults (15 years and older) with an account at a bank or other financial institution or with a mobile-money-service provider
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N3. Microinsurance coverage ratio.Microinsurance is regarded by some as a risk management mechanism that the poor can use to compensate for the lack of appropriate state sponsored social protection programmes. Alternatively, it is viewed by others as an opportunity to provide financial services to the low-income market at a profit. Coverage ratio = Number of active insured/target population.Goal 9_Industry Innovation & Infrastructure: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation Goal 1_No Poverty: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
9.3 Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets 1.4By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
9.3.1 Proportion of small-scale industries in total industry value added
9.3.2 Proportion of small-scale industries with a loan or line of credit 1.4.1 Proportion of population living in households with access to basic services
1.4.2 Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure
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N4. CPIA property rights and rule-based governance rating (1=low to 6=high).Property rights and rule-based governance assess the extent to which private economic activity is facilitated by an effective legal system and rule based governance structure in which property and contract rights are reliably respected and enforced. Goal 1_No Poverty: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
1.4.1 Proportion of population living in households with access to basic services
1.4.2 Proportion of total adult population with secure tenure rights to land, with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure
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N5c. Level of internal conflict, International Country Risk Guide rating.This is an assessment of political violence in a country, and its actual or potential impact on
governance. The highest rating is given to those countries where there is no armed or civil
opposition to the government and the government does not indulge in arbitrary violence, direct or
indirect, against its own people. The lowest rating is given to a country embroiled in an on-going
civil war. The risk rating assigned is the sum of three subcomponents: civil war/coup threat; terrorism/political violence and civil disorder. A score of 4 points equates to Very Low Risk and a score of 0 points to Very High Risk. Sub-national level: annual average of population affected by conflict.
Goal 16_Sustainable Development : Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
16.A Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime
16.A.1 Existence of independent national human rights institutions in compliance with the Paris Principles
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O1. Government expenditure on social security and welfare as a percentage of total government expenditure. Government expenditures on social security and welfare comprise benefits in cash or in kind to persons who are sick, fully or partially disabled, of old age, survivors, or unemployed, among others.Goal 10_Reduced Inequalities: Reduce inequality within and among countries
Goal 1_No Poverty: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
10.4 Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality
1B. Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions
10.4.1 Labour share of GDP, comprising wages and social protection transfers
1.B.1 Proportion of government recurrent and capital spending to sectors that disproportionately benefit women, the poor and vulnerable groups
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O2. Herfindahl-Hirschman (Export) Product Concentration Index.Useful for understanding general direction of export diversification. HI lies between 0 and 1 where 1 implies complete concentration. A country with a preponderance of trade value concentrated in a very few products/markets will have an index value close to 1, and face higher risks during macroeconomic instability.Goal 8: Decent Work & Economic Growth_Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Maybe 8.A: Increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to Least Developed Countries
8.A.1 Aid for Trade commitments and disbursements
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O3. Social protection and labor rating.Assesses government policies in social protection and labor market regulations that reduce the risk of becoming poor, assist those who are poor to better manage further risks, and ensure a minimal level of welfare to all people. (1=low to 6=high). Goal 1_No Poverty: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Goal 10_Reduced Inequalities: Reduce inequality within and among countries
1.3 Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable
10.4 Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality
1.3.1 Proportion of population covered by social protection floors/systems, by sex, distinguishing children, unemployed persons, older persons, persons with disabilities, pregnant women, newborns, work-injury victims and the poor and the vulnerable
10.4.1 Labour share of GDP, comprising wages and social protection transfers
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O4c. FDI/FPI as a % of GDP.Foreign direct investment, net inflows (% of GDP) and/or portfolio equity, net inflows (% of GDP). Measures macroeconomic stability.Goal 17_Parnerships for the Goals: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development
17.3 Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources
17.3.1 Foreign direct investments (FDI), official development assistance and South-South Cooperation as a proportion of total domestic budget
17.3.2 Volume of remittances (in United States dollars) as a proportion of total GDP
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O5i. Response time for emergency response services from initial call.Emergency response time.Goal 1_ No Poverty: End poverty in all its forms everywhere
Goal 11_ Sustainable Cities & Communities: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable Goal 13_ Climate Action: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts*
11.1 By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations
11.B By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels
13.1. Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
11.5.1 Number of deaths, missing persons and persons affected by disaster per 100,000 peoplea
11.5.2 Direct disaster economic loss in relation to global GDP, including disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic servicesa
11.B.1 Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030a
11.B.2 Number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategiesa
13.1.1 Number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies
13.1.2 Number of deaths, missing persons and persons affected by disaster per 100,000 people
1.5.1 Number of deaths, missing persons and persons affected by disaster per 100,000 people
1.5.2 Direct disaster economic loss in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP)a
1.5.3 Number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategiesa
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