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Postmarks & Deadlines for Applications and Mail Ballots - A 50 State Survey
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Stanford-MIT Healthy Elections Project
Compiled by: Ali Bloomgarden, Garrett Jensen, Alexandra Popke, Mikaela Pyatt, and Ashley Richards
Last Updated: October 21, 2020
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Note: Asterisk (*) indicates information learned from phone interview with an election official.
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StateBattlegroundElection Office NameVoter Registration Deadline (days before election)
Note: Many States do not specify whether mail in registration applications need to be recieved or postmarked by the deadline. We assume that if it is not specified, the State intends for the registration to be recieved by this deadline.
Voter Registration Deadline (date)Pending litigation potentially affecting the voter registration deadline for the General Election? (as of October 14 2020)
Note: For more up-to-date litigation, please see the
COVID-Related Election Litigation Tracker.
Can Any Voter Request an Absentee/Mail Ballot?Absentee/Mail Ballot Application Can BeginAbsentee/Mail Ballot Application Received by Election Office Deadline (date)Absentee/Mail Ballot Mailing Out (days before election)Absentee/Mail Ballot Mailing Out (date) Absentee/Mail Ballot Postmark By Deadline (days before election)Absentee/Mail Ballot Received by Mail by Election Jurisdiction Deadline (days after election)Absentee/Mail Ballot Received by Election Jurisdiction Deadline (date)Pending litigation potentially affecting mail ballot deadlines for the General Election (applying, receiving, postmark)? (as of October 14 2020)
Note: For more up-to-date litigation, please see the COVID-Related Election Litigation Tracker.
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AlabamaSecretary of StateIn Person: 15 days before Election Day
By Mail:
15 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online:
15 days before Election Day
In Person: October 19, 2020 at 5:00pm*
By Mail: October 19, 2020 (postmarked)*
Online: October 19, 2020*
N/A as of October 14, 2020Covid exceptionNo statutory start date.*In Person/By Mail: October 29, 2020 at 5:00pm*45 to 55 daysBegins September 9, 20201 day0 days by 12:00pm*In Person: November 2, 2020 by 5:00pm*
Mail: November 3, 2020 at 12:00pm*
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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AlaskaDivision of ElectionsIn Person: 30 days before Election Day
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 30 days before Election Day
In Person: October 4, 2020
By Mail: October 4, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 4, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredBy Fax: October 19, 2020
Online: October 19, 2020 at 8:00am
All registered voters over the age of 65 are automatically sent mail ballot applicatons.
By Mail: October 24, 2020
Online: November 2, 2020 by 5:00pm
25 daysBegins October 9, 20200 days10 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Fax: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 13, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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ArizonaXSecretary of StateIn Person: 29 days before Election Day, or on the next immediate business day if the deadline falls on a legal holiday or weekend.
By Mail:
29 days before Election Day (postmarked) or on the next immediate business day if the deadline falls on a legal holiday or weekend.
Online:
29 days before Election Day
In Person: October 15, 2020
By Mail: October 15, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 15, 2020

UPDATE: The voter registration deadline for the General Election has been extended to 11:59 p.m. on October 15, 2020 by a court order. All voter registration forms must be received by that time.
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredAll registered voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications. Voters can apply to be on the Permanent Early Voting List (PEVL) any time until deadline, OR can request one-time mail ballots 93 days before the election, starting August 2.*In Person/By Mail/Online/By Email: October 23, 2020 by 5:00pm24 to 27 daysBegins October 7, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pmYazzie et al v. Hobbs
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ArkansasSecretary of StateIn Person: 30 days before Election Day
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked); if this falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, then on the next day which is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.
Online: No online voter registration*
In Person: October 5, 2020*
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
N/A as of October 14, 2020Covid exceptionNo statutory start date.*In Person by County Clerk Office: November 2, 2020 end of business day (depends on clerk office)*
By Mail/Fax/Email: October 27, 2020 by 11:59pm*
Varies by county; as soon as ballots are available. Many counties follow UOCAVA deadline of 46 days *Varies by county*0 days In Person to County Clerk: One day before Election Day*
By Mail:
Election Day
In Person to County Clerk: November 2, 2020 (closing hours vary by county)*
By Mail:
November 3, 2020 by 7:30pm*
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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CaliforniaSecretary of StateIn Person: 15 days before Election Day
By Mail: 15 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 15 days before Election Day
In Person: October 19, 2020
By Mail: October 19, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 19, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.In Person/Mail: October 27, 202031 daysBegins October 5, 20200 days17 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail:
November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 20, 2020 (received)
Fugazi v. Padilla
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ColoradoSecretary of StateIn Person: Election Day
By Mail: 8 days before Election Day (received)
Online: 8 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 26, 2020 (received)
Online: October 26, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.N/A22 daysBegins October 9, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 at 7:00pm N/A as of October 14, 2020
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ConnecticutSecretary of StateIn Person: 7 days before Election Day
By Mail: 7 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 7 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 27, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 27, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020Covid exceptionAll active voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications. In Person/By Mail: November 2, 202031 daysBegins October 2, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pmN/A as of October 14, 2020
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DelawareDepartment of ElectionsIn Person: The fourth Saturday prior to Election Day (this year 24 days)
By Mail: The fourth Saturday prior to Election Day (this year 24 days)
Online: The fourth Saturday prior to Election Day (this year 24 days)
In Person: October 10, 2020
By Mail: October 10, 2020
Online: October 10, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredAll registered voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications. In Person/Online: November 2, 2020 at 12:00pm No earlier than 60 daysBegins September 4, 20200 days0 daysBy Mail: November 3, 2020 at 8:00pm
In Dropbox: October 30, 2020*
League of Women Voters of Delaware v. Delaware Dep't of Elections
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District of ColumbiaBoard of ElectionsIn Person: Election Day, with proof of residency
By Mail: 21 days before Election Day (received)
Online: 21 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 13, 2020 (received)
Online: October 13, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.By Mail/Fax/Email: October 19, 2020
Voters should only request an absentee ballot if ballot should be sent to address other than the voter's registered address.
The first week in OctoberThe first week in October0 days10 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail:
November 13, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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FloridaXDivision of ElectionsIn Person: 29 days before Election Day
By Mail:
29 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online:
29 days before Election Day
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 5, 2020

Note: Deadline was extended to October 6, 2020 after the online voter registration website crashed on October 5, 2020.
Namphy v. DeSantisNo excuse requiredVoters can apply to vote by mail at any time. This application remains for 2 year cycles. Voters can renew cycle with a check mark on the mail ballot request form or call in.* All registered voters in Broward, Hillsborough, Miami-Dade, Palm Beach, Pinellas and Seminole counties are automatically sent mail ballot request applicaions. In Person/By Mail/Online/Telephone/Email/Fax: October 24, 2020 by 5:00pm
Online:
33 to 40 daysSeptember 24 – October 1, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pm
(A 10 day extension exists only for overseas voters)
Grimes v. Fla. Department of State
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GeorgiaSecretary of StateIn Person: 29 days before Election Day
By Mail: 29 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: The fifth Monday before Election Day
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 5, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredMail ballots may be requested any time between 180 days prior to the election and the end of the business day on the Friday before Election Day. All registered voters in DeKalb County are automatically sent mail ballot applications.In Person/By Mail/Online/Fax: October 30, 2020No earlier than 49 daysBegins September 15, 2020; however, "absentee ballots shall be mailed out as soon as possible prior to the General Election"0 days0 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (received)
New Ga. Project v. Raffensperger
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HawaiiOffice of ElectionsIn Person: 30 days before Election Day, extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday; if the voter missed the voter registration deadline, the voter can still register to vote and cast a ballot at the same time during early voting at early walk-in locations or on Election Day at the voter's polling place.
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked), extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
Online: 30 days before Election Day, extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
In Person: November 3, 2020 at voter service centers
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 5, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.In Person: October 27, 2020 at 4:30pm30 daysCounty of Hawaii: Begins October 7, 2020
County of Maui: Begins October 8, 2020
County of Kauai: Begins October 9, 2020
County and City of Honolulu: Begins October 5-6, 2020
All begin to receive October 16, 2020
0 days0 days
In Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pm*
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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IdahoSecretary of State Elections DivisionIn Person: 24 days before Election Day; if the voter missed this deadline, the voter may also register on Election Day (voter must show proof of residence to register at the polls on Election Day).
By Mail: 25 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 25 days before Election Day
In Person: October 9, 2020 at 5:00pm
By Mail: October 9, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 9, 2020 at midnight
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredNovember 4, 2019*In Person/By Mail: October 23, 2020 by 5:00pmNo later than 30 daysBegins October 5, 2020 (absentee ballot requests)
Begins October 12, 2020 (to all existing vote-by-mail precincts)
0 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pmN/A as of October 14, 2020
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IllinoisState Board of ElectionsIn Person: 27 days before Election Day, after which a voter may register during the early voting period through Election Day.
By Mail: 28 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 16 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 6, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 18, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse required6/16/2020. All registered voters who voted in Illinois in the 2018 General Election, the 2019 municipal election, or the March 17 primary election, as well as to anyone who registered to vote or updated their address after the primary election are automatically sent mail ballot applications.
In Person: November 2, 2020
By Mail: October 29, 2020
Online: October 29, 2020
40 days*Begins September 24, 20200 days14 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmark) and November 17, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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IndianaSecretary of State Elections DivisionIn Person: 29 days before Election Day
By Mail: 29 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 29 days before Election Day
In Person: October 5, 2020 by close of business hours
By Mail:
October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 5, 2020 by 11:59pm
N/A as of October 14, 2020Excuse requiredFor the general election, the first date a person can apply is 14 days after the primary for each election.*In Person/By Mail/Fax/Email: October 22, 2020 at 11:59pm45 days to 50 daysSeptember 14, 2020 to September 19, 20200 days10 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 13, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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IowaSecretary of StateIn Person: Election Day
By Mail: Postmarked 15 days before Election Day or received 10 days before Election Day
Online: 10 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 24, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 24, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse required120 days before the election (July 7, 2020). A mail ballot must be requested for each election.* All active voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications (some counties are mailing them to inactive voters as well).By Mail: October 24, 2020 by 5:00pm29 daysBegins October 5, 20201 day6 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 9:00pm
By Mail:
November 2, 2020 (postmarked) and November 9, 2020 by noon (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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KansasSecretary of StateIn Person: 21 days before Election Day
By Mail: 21 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 21 days before Election Day
In Person: October 13, 2020
By Mail: October 13, 2020 (postmarked)
Online
: October 13, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse required90 days before an election. A voter must write the exact date of the upcoming election on the form.* All active voters in Douglas, Johnson and Sedgwick counties are automatically sent advance mail ballot applications.By Mail: October 27, 202020 days*Begins October 14, 20200 days3 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 6, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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KentuckyState Board of ElectionsIn Person: 29 days before Election Day
By Mail: 29 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 29 days before Election Day
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Onlin
e: October 5, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020Covid exceptionJuly 22, 2020. Due to COVID-19, the state created an online portal for requests to vote absentee for the Primary and General Elections. A new request must be made each election.*In Person: October 27, 2020 by close of business (varies)
By mail: October 27, 2020 by close of business
Online: October 9, 2020 by 11:59pm*
September 15, 2020 to September 22, 2020*Begins September 15, 20200 days3 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) November 6, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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LouisianaSecretary of State Elections and VotingIn Person: 30 days before Election Day
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 20 days before Election Day
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 13, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020Excuse requiredMust be done within a calendar year. As of September 16, 2020, all registered voters in Louisiana may use one of 5 COVID-19 related reasons to request an absentee ballot.In Person/By Mail/Fax: October 30, 2020*45 days, mailing will happen 45th day onward, but some parishes can mail them earlierBegins September 18, 2020 R.S. 18:1308 2(A)1 day-1 dayIn Person/By Mail: November 2, 2020 by 4:30pm*N/A as of October 14, 2020
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MaineBureau of Corporations, Elections and CommissionsIn Person: Election Day
By Mail: 15 business days before Election Day (received)
Online: N/A
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 19, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse required3 months before Election Day*Online/By Phone: October 29, 2020 by 5:00pm30 daysBegins October 5, 20200 days0 daysNovember 3, 2020 by 8:00pm*Alliance for Retired Americans v. Dunlap
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MarylandMaryland Board of ElectionsIn Person: 21 days before Election Day. Voter may also register during early voting or on Election Day with proof of address.
By Mail: 21 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 21 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 13, 2020
Online: October 13, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredAll registered voters, who have not already applied, are automatically sent mail ballot applications.By Mail/Online/Fax: October 20, 202030 daysNo later than October 4, 2020 (at least 30 days before the election; note that this is different from the election code)0 days10 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 13, 2020 by 10:00am (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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MassachusettsSecretary of the Commonwealth Elections DivisionIn Person: 10 days before Election Day
By Mail: 10 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 10 days before Election Day
In Person: October 24, 2020
By Mail: October 24, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 24, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020Covid exceptionAll registered voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications .By Mail/Email/Fax: October 28, 2020 by 5:00pmNo date for mailing in code. Printing and delivery to local jurisdictions must be completed 21 days before the electionOctober 13, 2020 (varies by county, rolling basis, could be earlier or later)0 days3 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 6, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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MichiganXBureau of ElectionsIn Person: Election Day at your city or township clerk office. The voter registration deadline is 15 days before Election Day, if a voter submits an application form through a voter registration drive or delivers it to a county clerk or secretary of state office.
By Mail: 15 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 15 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020 at your city or township clerk office, otherwise October 19, 2020
By Mail:
October 19, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 19, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredAll registered voters were automatically sent mail ballot applications to vote by mail in the August Primary and November General Election.In Person: November 2, 2020 by 4:00pm (must complete mail ballot in the office)
By Mail: October 30, 2020 by 5:00pm
Online: October 30, 2020
45 daysBegins September 19, 20200 days*0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pmMichigan Alliance for Retired Americans v. Benson
Johnson v. Benson
RNC v. Benson
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MinnesotaSecretary of StateIn Person: Election Day
By Mail: 21 days before Election Day (received)
Online: 21 days days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 13, 2020 (received)
Onlin
e: October 13, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredAll registered voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications.In Person/By Mail/Online: November 2, 202046 daysNo later than September 18, 20200 days7 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 3:00pm
By Mail: postmarked by November 3, 2020 and received by November 10, 2020
Carson et al v. Simon
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MississippiSecretary of StateIn Person: 30 days before Election Day
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: N/A
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
N/A as of October 14, 2020Excuse requiredSeptember 4, 2020. However, an excuse is required to vote-by-mail. Eligible excuses for mail-in absentee voting includes, but is not limited to, those with a temporary or permanent physical disability and those who are under a physician-imposed quarantine, or those who are caring for a dependent who is under a physician-imposed quarantine, due to COVID-19. A full list of excuses can be found here.No deadline*40 daysUpon receipt of an application, mail ballots will be mailed within one (1) business day, or a soon as the ballots are ready, to the voter.

All disabled voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, disabled voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot. Begins: September 24, 2020.

As of September 21, an official indicated that mail ballots would be starting to be mailed out "today and in the coming days."*
0 days7 daysBy Mail: November 10, 2020N/A as of October 14, 2020
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MissouriSecretary of StateIn Person: 27 days before Election Day
By Mail:
27 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online:
27 days before Election Day
In Person: October 7, 2020
By Mail: October 7, 2020 (postmarked)
Onlin
e: October 7, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020Covid exceptionNot specified; however, pursuant to §115.279 "all applications for absentee ballots received prior to the sixth Tuesday before an election shall be stored at the office of the election authority until such a time as the applications are processed in accordance with section 115.281."In Person: November 2, 2020
By Mail/Fax: October 21, 2020
42 days (6th Tuesday before the election)No later than September 22, 2020 (115.281)0 days0 daysBy Mail: November 3, 2020 at 7:00pmAmerican Women v. Missouri
Org. for Balck Struggle v. Ashcroft
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MontanaSecretary of StateIn Person: Election Day
By Mail: 8 days before Election Day (postmarked) and 5 days before Election Day (received)
Online: N/A
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 26, 2020 (postmarked) and October 29, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse required45 counties, containing 94% of Montana's registered voters, are automatically sending ballots to all registered voters. Therefore, voters in these 45 counties do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot. In the remaining 11 counties, voters can request a mail ballot without an excuse.In Person/By Mail: November 2, 2020 at 12:00pm (received) pursuant to Executive Order25 daysBegins October 9, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 at 8:00pmDriscoll v. Stapleton
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NebraskaElections DivisionIn Person: 11 days before Election Day
By Mail: 18 days before Election Day (postmarked) and 14 days before Election Day (received) if there's an illegible postmark
Online: 18 days before Election Day
In Person: October 23, 2020 by 6:00pm*
By Mail: October 16, 2020 (postmarked). It must be recieved by October 19, 2020 if there is an illegible postmark.
Online: October 16, 2020 by 11:59pm*
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse required120 days prior to Election Day (July 6, 2020). Applicants can fill the form out online before this date, but it will not be accepted until this date.*
All registered voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.*
In Person: October 23, 2020*
By Mail: October 23, 2020 (received)*
35 daysBegins September 28, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm CT/7:00pm MTN/A as of October 14, 2020
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NevadaSecretary of StateIn Person: Election Day (with ID)
By Mail: 28 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 5 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: October 6, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 29, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots [pursuant to Assembly Bill 4 from the 32nd Special Session of the Nevada Legislature]. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.Voters do not need to request an absentee ballot to vote by mail in the 2020 General ElectionBallots will be mailed out in late September or early October. September 24, 2020 to October 14, 2020 (varies by county) 0 days7 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pm
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 10, 2020 (received). Ballots with a missing or illegible postmark will also be counted if they arrive by November 6, 2020.
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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New HampshireSecretary of StateIn Person: Election Day. Before Election Day, the last day to register is the last meeting of the Supervisors of the Checklist. The supervisors meet once, 6-13 days before Election Day. Voters should check their town/city website, or call their clerk's office for the date, time, and location of the Supervisor's meeting.*
By Mail: day before Election Day (received)*
Online: N/A
In Person: November 3, 2020. Before November 3, 2020, the last day to register is the last meeting of the Supervisors of the Checklist. The supervisors meet once between October 21, 2020 and October 28, 2020. Check your town/city website, or call your clerk's office for the date, time, and location of the Supervisor's meeting.*
By Mail: November 2, 2020 (received)*
N/A as of October 14, 2020Covid exceptionNot specified; however, all voters who are concerned about COVID-19 are eligible to vote by absentee ballot in the 2020 election. The application form described in RSA 657:4 is suspended until January 1, 2021, and the replacement form lists "concern for the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)" as a disability that permits absentee voting. Applications are available now and can be found online here.In Person: November 2, 2020
By Mail: November 2, 2020 (received)
Towns and cities mail out absentee ballots as soon as they receive them from the state. Typically 30+ days*All received by September 22, 2020*0 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 5:00pm*American Fed. of Teachers v. Gardner
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New JerseyDivision of ElectionsIn Person: 21 days before Election Day
By Mail: 21 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 21 days before Election Day
In Person: October 13, 2020
By Mail: October 13, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 13, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registred voters are automatically sent ballots due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, registered voters do not need to apply for or request a mail-in ballot. If a voter does not recieve a mail in ballot in a timely manner, he or she can contact the county clerk or apply for one by mail.If a voter's current address is different that the one used to registered to vote, the voter must apply for a mail ballot:
In Person: November 2, 2020 by 3:00pm
By Mail: October 23, 2020
29 daysNo later than October 5, 20200 days 7 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail:
November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 10, 2020 (received).
Ballots which lack postmarks due to postal error will also be considered valid if received by
November 5, 2020 by 8:00pm.
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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New MexicoNew Mexico Secretary of StateIn Person: Saturday before Election Day at the county clerk's office; otherwise 28 days before Election Day.
By Mail:
28 days before Election Day (postmarked); however, an application may be accepted through the Friday following the deadline if the application is postmarked before the deadline.
Online:
28 days before Election Day
In Person: October 21, 2020 at the county clerk's office; otherwise October 6, 2020
Online: October 6, 2020
By Mail: October 6, 2020 (postmarked) and October 9, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredNot Specified; applications are now open, and can be submitted online, by mail, or by contacting a county clerk.In Person/Online: October 20, 2020 by 5:00pm28 daysBegins November 6, 2020 (1-6-5.)0 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pmN/A as of October 14, 2020
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New YorkNew York Board of ElectionsIn Person: 25 days before Election Day
By Mail: 25 days before Election Day (postmarked); 20 days before Election Day (received)
Online: 25 days before Election Day
In Person: October 9, 2020 (If honorably discharged from the military or have become a naturalized citizen since October 10th, you may register in person until October 24, 2020)
By Mail: October 9, 2020 (postmarked) and October 14, 2020 (received)
Online: October 9, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020Covid exceptionApplication forms shall be furnished by and may be obtained from any board of elections at any time until the day before such election (Conduct of Elections, Title IV § 8-400). New York voters may use the risk of contracting or spreading COVID-19 as a "temporary illness" that allows that voter to vote absentee. Monroe County has already mailed absentee ballot applications to all active voters. Other voters may apply in a variety of ways, including online.In Person: November 2, 2020
By Mail: October 27, 2020 (postmarked)
Online/Email/Fax/Telephone: October 27, 2020
45 days*No later than September 18, 20200 days7 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by close of polls
By Mail:
November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 10, 2020 (received). Ballots that arrive by November 4, 2020 will also be counted even if they lack a postmark.
Jones v. U.S. Postal Service
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North CarolinaXState Board of ElectionsIn Person: The Saturday before Election Day if voting early in person, otherwise 25 days before Election Day.
By Mail:
25 days before Election Day (postmarked); if the postmark is missing or unclear, the application will still be processed if it is received 20 days before Election Day.
Online:
25 days before Election Day
In Person: October 31, 2020 if voting early in person (individuals who are not registered to vote in a county may register at early voting sites during early voting period). Otherwise the deadline is October 9, 2020.
By Mail: October 9, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 9, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredNo statutory start date.*In Person/By Mail/By Fax/By Email: October 27, 2020 by 5:00pm60 daysBegins September 4, 20200 days9 daysIn Person (any voting site): November 3, 2020 by 7:30pm
In Person (county election office): November 3, 2020 by 5:00pm*
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 12, 2020 at 5:00pm (received)
Stringer v. North Carolina
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North DakotaNorth Dakota Secretary of StateIn Person: North Dakota does not have voter registration; voter must simply bring valid proof of ID and residency to the polls in order to vote.
By Mail: North Dakota does not have voter registration; voter must simply bring valid proof of ID and residency to the polls in order to vote.
Online: N/A
North Dakota is the only state without voter registration. N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredAnytime within the calendar year of the elction (January 1, 2020). The state has already mailed absentee-ballot applications to all voters.Not specified
*No specific deadline to apply
40 daysBegins September 24, 2020 1 day6 days*In Person: November 2, 2020
By Mail: November 2, 2020 (postmarked) and November 9, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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OhioOhio Secretary of StateIn Person: 30 days before Election Day, extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked), extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
Online: 30 days before Election Day
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 5, 2020

Note: The Ohio Secretary of State website says that the registration deadline is October 5, 2020. This contradicts vote.org, which says that the voter registration deadline is 30 days before Election Day (which would be October 4, 2020). It appears that because October 4, 2020 falls on a Sunday, the deadline was extended to October 5, despite this procedure not being specified in Ohio election laws.
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredJanuary 1, 2020 (R.C. 3509.03, 3511.02). All voters will automatically receive a mail ballot application.In Person/By Mail: October 31, 2020 by 12:00pmReady for the first day after the close of registrationBegins October 6, 20201 day10 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by close of polls
By Mail: November 2, 2020 (postmarked) and November 13, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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OklahomaOklahoma Elections BoardIn Person: 25 days before Election Day
By Mail:
25 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: N/A
In Person: October 9, 2020
By Mail: October 9, 2020 (postmarked)
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredNot specified; but, voters may apply for absentee ballots for one election, for several elections or for all elections in which they are eligible to vote during the calendar year in which the application is submitted. Applications are open now, and can be delivered by mail, fax, in person, or online.In Person/By Mail/Fax/Online: October 27, 2020 by 5:00pm45 daysNo later than September 19, 20200 days0 daysIn Person: November 2, 2020 (can only drop off ballot in person if has a yellow stripe; no pink stripes allowed to be dropped off in person)
By Mail:
November 3, 2020 by 7:00pm
DCCC v. Ziriax
42
OregonOregon Secretary of StateIn Person: 21 days before Election Day
By Mail: 21 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 21 days before Election Day
In Person: October 31, 2020
By Mail: October 13, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 13, 2020 by 11:59pm
N/A as of October 14, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.N/ANon-Oregon address 29 days; Oregon address 20 daysNon-Oregon address begins October 5, 2020; Oregon address begins October 14 to October 20, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pmN/A as of October 14, 2020
43
PennsylvaniaXDepartment of State, Secretary of the CommonwealthIn Person: 15 days before Election Day
By Mail:
15 days before Election Day (received)
Online:
15 days before Election Day
In Person: October 19, 2020
By Mail: October 19, 2020 (received)
Online
: October 19, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredNot more than 50 days before an election (XIII-d), but applications received prior will be processed 50 days prior. All registered voters in Allegheny County are automatically sent a mail ballot request application.In Person/By Mail/Online: October 27, 2020 by 5:00pmIt is up to the county to determine from mid September to early October*It is up to the county to determine from mid September to early October*0 days3 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm (postmarked) and November 6, 2020 by 5:00pm (received)
Pennsylvania Democratic Party v. Boockvar
NAACP Penn. State Conference v. Boockvar
Disability Rights Penn. v. Boockvar
Delisle v. Boockvar
Crossey v. Boockvar
44
Rhode IslandRhode Island Department of StateIn Person: Election Day for Presidential Elections; otherwise 30 days before Election Day.
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked); if the postmark is missing or unclear and the registration form is received no later than 5 days after the deadline, the individual shall be presumed to have been registered by the deadline.
Online: 30 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020 for the Presidential Election only. If voters do not register by October 4, 2020, they can only vote for President and Vice President on Election Day and will not be able to vote in any state, local, or other federal races.
By Mail: October 4, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 4, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredNo statutory start date.*
All active voters are automatically sent absentee-ballot applications. Applications can also be downloaded online, or requested from a local board of canvassers.
In Person/By Mail: October 13, 2020 (Deadline to submit Braille or Tactile mail ballot application is September 21, 2020). However, if this deadline is missed, voters can request an emergency mail-ballot from their local board of canvassers by November 2, 2020.18 daysBegins October 16, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pmN/A as of October 14, 2020
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South CarolinaSouth Carolina Election CommissionIn Person: 30 days before Election Day. If this falls on a Sunday, the last preceding day that the county board of voter registration and elections is open.
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked); the deadline is extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
Online: 30 days before Election Day
In Person: October 2, 2020 by 5:00pm
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online/Fax/Email: October 4, 2020 by 11:59pm
N/A as of October 14, 2020Covid exceptionIn Person: no later than October 5, 2020
By Mail: not specified; applications can be requested now online, or by contacting a county voter registration office
In Person: November 2, 2020
By Mail/Fax/Email: October 24, 2020 by 5:00pm; or
October 30, 2020 by 5:00pm by an authorized representative
No specification in election codeNot specified0 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pmThomas v. Andino
46
South DakotaSecretary of StateIn Person: 15 days before Election Day
By Mail:
15 days before Election Day (received)
Online: N/A
In Person: October 19, 2020
By Mail:
October 19, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredAll registered voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications. By Mail: November 2, 2020 by 5:00pm46 daysBegins September 18, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: Ballot must be received by the County Election Official on November 3, 2020 in enough time to deliver ballot to the correct voting precinct before the polls close.N/A as of October 14, 2020
47
TennesseeSecretary of StateIn Person: 30 days before Election Day
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked); the deadline is extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
Online: 30 days before Election Day
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 5, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020Excuse requiredAugust 5, 2020; in order to vote absentee, you must have an excuse, including a medical condition that heightens your risk of COVID-19.By Mail/Fax/Email: October 27, 2020There is no start or end date for when counties must print and ship absentee ballots to votersNo date specified (county dependent)0 days0 daysBy Mail: November 3, 2020 by close of polls
(no in person ballot drop off)
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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TexasElections DivisionIn Person: 30 days before Election Day. If the 30th day before the date of an election is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal state or national holiday, an application is considered to be timely if it is submitted to the registrar on or before the next regular business day.
By Mail: 30 days before Election Day (postmarked); the deadline is extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
Online: N/A
In Person: October 5, 2020
By Mail: October 5, 2020 (postmarked)
N/A as of October 14, 2020Excuse requiredJanuary 1, 2020. Voters must have an excuse to vote absentee. Bexar, Harris, and Hidalgo counties are mailing absentee-ballot applications to voters aged 65 and older.In Person/By Mail/Fax/Email: 10/23/202030 daysNo later than October 4, 20200 days1 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 4, 2020 by 5:00pm (received)
Lewis v. Hughs
In re Hotze
49
UtahLieutenant Governor's Office of ElectionsIn Person: 7 days before Election Day in clerk's office, or on Election Day if voting by provisional ballot.
By Mail: 11 days before Election Day (received), the deadline is extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
Online: 11 days before Election Day.
In Person: October 23, 2020 by 5:00pm at clerk's office. Or between October 20, 2020 and October 30, 2020 at an early voting location, or November 3, 2020 at a voting location.
By Mail:
October 23, 2020 by 5:00pm (received)
Online:
October 23, 2020 by 5:00pm
N/A as of October 14, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.N/A21 daysBegins October 13 to 27, 20201 dayReceived by noon on the day of the county canvass (which varies by county but may be as late as 14 days after the election)In Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail:
November 2, 2020 (postmarked) and received by noon on the day of the county canvass (varies by county but no later than November 17, 2020 by noon).*
N/A as of October 14, 2020
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VermontElections DivisionIn Person: Election Day with proof of residence.
By Mail: Election Day (received)
Online: Election Day. But if a voter registers online the day before or on Election Day, the application may not be processed and the voter's name may not appear on the checklist and the voter may be asked to fill out another application at the polls. To be sure the a voters name appears on the checklist, voters should register by the Friday before the election.
In Person: November 3, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (received)
Online:
November 3, 2020; suggested October 30, 2020 because if voters register to vote online on Election Day or the day before Election day, the registration application may not be processed so voters might be asked to fill out another application at the polls.
N/A as of October 14, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.
Otherwise, any point
during the year leading up to the election
Voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot for the 2020 General Election.
Typically, the deadline is 5:00pm or close of county clerks office on
the day before the election.
45 daysNo later than September 20, 20200 days0 daysIn Person: November 2, 2020 by close of business at town clerk's office or November 3, 2020 by 7:00pm at polling place
By Mail: November 3, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020
51
VirginiaDepartment of ElectionsIn Person: 22 days before Election Day. If this day falls on a Sunday, 21 days before Election Day.
By Mail: 22 days before Election Day (postmarked); the deadline is extended to the next business day if this falls on a Sunday.
Online: 22 days before Election Day
In Person: October 15, 2020 by 5:00pm
By Mail:
October 15, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 15, 2020 by 11:59pm

(Note: Due to a technical difficulty shutting down the state's online voter registration, a judge has extended the voter registration deadline by two days).
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredThe later of: (i) 12 months before an election or (ii) the day following any election held in the twelfth month prior to the election (Code of Virginia § 24.2-701) In Person: October 31, 2020 by 5:00pm
By Mail/Online/Fax: October 23, 2020 by 5:00pm
45 daysBegins September 19, 20200 days3 days by 12:00pmIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pm
By Mail:
November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 6, 2020 by noon (received). Ballots with a missing or illegible postmark will be counted if they arrive by November 6, 2020 by noon.
N/A as of October 14, 2020
52
WashingtonSecretary of StateIn Person: Election Day
By Mail: 8 days before Election Day (received)
Online: 8 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail: October 26, 2020 (received)
Online:
October 26, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020Vote by mail stateAll registered voters are automatically sent ballots. Therefore, voters do not need to apply for or request a mail ballot.N/A18 daysNo later than October 16, 20200 days20 daysIn-Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail:
November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 23, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020
53
West VirginiaElection DivisionIn Person: 21 days before Election Day
By Mail: 21 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 21 days before Election Day
In Person: October 13, 2020
By Mail: October 13, 2020 (postmarked)
Online:
October 13, 2020
N/A as of October 14, 2020Covid exceptionOn the 84th day before the General Election (August 11, 2020)In Person/By Mail/Email/Fax: October 28, 202046 daysBegins September 18, 20200 days6 daysIn-Person: November 2, 2020
By Mail: November 3, 2020 (postmarked) and November 9, 2020 (received)
N/A as of October 14, 2020
54
WisconsinXElections CommissionIn Person: Election Day at voters' polling place, or the Friday before Election Day at voters' clerk's office or other designated location.
By Mail: 13 days before Election Day (postmarked)
Online: 13 days before Election Day
In Person: November 3, 2020 at voters' polling place, or October 30, 2020 at voters' clerk's office or other designatd location
By Mail: Octobe 14, 2020 (postmarked)
Online: October 14, 2020
DNC v. BostelmannNo excuse requiredAll registered voters are automatically sent mail ballot applications.In Person: October 29, 2020*
By Mail: October 29, 2020*
Online
: October 29, 2020 by 5:00pm
47 daysNo later than September 17, 20200 days0 daysIn Person: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm
By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 8:00pm (recieved)
DNC v. Bostelmann (consolidated with many cases)
55
WyomingSecretary of StateIn Person: 14 days before Election Day
By Mail: 14 days before Election Day (postmarked); after this date, individuals may register to vote by mail if their registration is also accompanied by an absentee ballot request.
Online: N/A
In Person: October 19, 2020
By Mail: October 19, 2020 (postmarked)
N/A as of October 14, 2020No excuse requiredAny time during the calendar year in which the election is held, but not on the day of the election (January 1, 2020). The state already mailed absentee-ballot applications to all voters.In Person/By Mail/Online/Email/On Phone: 11/2/202045 daysBegins September 18, 20200 days0 daysIn Person/By Mail: November 3, 2020 by 7:00pmN/A as of October 14, 2020
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