Data Visualization Inventors
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Data Visualization Inventors, Founders, and Developers
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Insert names and sources for the inventors/founders/creators/developers of each graph type. Feel free to add more graph types at the bottom. The basic organizational structure follows that used in the PolicyViz Graphic Continuum products. Be sure to leave your name and email address on the other sheet so I can send you a link to the final version.
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Comparing CategoriesAlternative NamesInventor/FormalizedURL/SourceURL/Source
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Bar/ColumnWilliam Playfair
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Bubble ComparisonViegas and Wattenberghttps://www.cc.gatech.edu/~stasko/4460/Reading/viegas-tvcg07.pdf
Would not be surprised if earlier examples exist, but this is the first example of using packed non-geographic circles I know of.
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BulletBenchmark BarStephen Few
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ChernoffHerman Chernoff
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Circular Coloumn
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Diverging Bar/ColumnSpine
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Dot PlotBarbellDumbellGapWilliam S. ClevelandThe Elements of Graphing Data
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Gauge
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Heatmap
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ISOTYPE
Otto and Marie Neurath, Gerd Arntz
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LollipopAndy Cotgreavehttp://gravyanecdote.com/tableau/who-invented-the-lollipop-chart/
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MarimekkoMosaicMekkoHartigan and KleinerJohn Hartigan, Beat Kleiner: Mosaics for contingency tables. In: Computer Science and Statistics: Proceedings of the 13th Symposium on the Interface. 1981, S. 268–273.
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MosaicProportional stacked bar
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Nested Bubbles
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Paired Bar/ColumnInterleaved Bar
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Radial Bar
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Sankey
Matthew Henry Phineas Riall Sankey
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sankey_diagram
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Stacked Bar/Column
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UnitGrouped Symbol
Proportional symbol
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WaterfallGene Zelaznyhttps://www.powerframeworks.com/series-DD015
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Word CloudTag cloudWeighted listhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tag_cloud
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TimeAlternative NamesInventor/FormalizedURL/SourceURL/Source
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Arc
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AreaWilliam Playfair
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Bump
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Cause-Effect
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Connected ScatterplotJohn Southern?http://steveharoz.com/research/connected_scatterplot/Connected_Scatterplot_Haroz_Kosara_Franconeri_2015.pdf
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Cycle
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Flow Chart
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GanttHenry Gantt (Joseph Priestly?)https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Gantt
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History FlowWattenberg and Viegashttp://hint.fm/projects/historyflow/
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Horizonhttp://www.perceptualedge.com/articles/visual_business_intelligence/time_on_the_horizon.pdf
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LineWilliam Playfair
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SlopeEdward Tufte
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SparklinesEdward Tufte
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StreamgraphLee Byronhttps://datavizproject.com/data-type/stream-graph/
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TimelineJoseph PriestleyDan Rosenberg, http://muse.jhu.edu/article/218073
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DistributionAlternative NamesInventor/FormalizedURL/SourceURL/Source
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Beeswarm
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Box & WhiskerBox plotJohn Tukeyhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Box_plot
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Confidence Interval
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Error Bars
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Fan
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HistogramKarl Pearsonhttps://www.quora.com/Why-is-it-called-a-histogram
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ParetoVilfredo Pareto
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PyramidFunnel
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RaincloudMicah Allenhttps://micahallen.org/2018/03/15/introducing-raincloud-plots/
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Stem & LeafJohn Tukeyhttps://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-3-642-04898-2_566
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StockCandlestickMunehisa Hommahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Candlestick_chart
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StripeBarcode
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ViolinHintze and NelsonHintze, Jerry L., and Ray D. Nelson. 1998. "Violin Plots: A Box Plot-Density Trace Synergism." The American Statistician 52(2):181-84.
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Wheat plotStephen Few
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GeospatialAlternative NamesInventor/FormalizedURL/SourceURL/Source
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Bubble Map
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ChoroplethBaron Pierre Charles Dupinhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choropleth_map
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ContourEdward Halleyhttp://data-art.net/resources/history_of_vis.php
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Dorling MapDanny Dorling
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Flow MapConnection MapHenry Drury Harness (Minard?)Rendgen book
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Icon Map
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Isopleth
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Non-contiguous Cartogram
Types:Judy Olsonhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.0033-0124.1976.00371.x
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Point MapJohn Snow?
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Mosaic cartogramTile map? Equal area tile map?
Sándor Kocsárd and Pál Balogh?
https://maps.hungaricana.hu/hu/HTITerkeptar/2569/
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Part-to-WholeAlternative NamesInventor/FormalizedURL/SourceURL/Source
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ArcMartin Wattenberghttps://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=857733
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DonutWilliam Playfair
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NightingaleRoseCoxcombPolar AreaFlorence Nightingale 1858
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PieWilliam Playfair
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SunburstRing
Multi-Level Pie
Radial Treemap
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TreemapBen Shneiderman
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VoronoiGeorgy Voronoi,
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WaffleGridplot
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RelationshipAlternative NamesInventor/FormalizedURL/SourceURL/Source
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Bubble
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Chord
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Circle Packing
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Correlation Matrix
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Dendrogram
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Force-Directed
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Hive
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Network
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Parallel CoordinatesAlfred Inselberghttps://www.juiceanalytics.com/writing/writing/parallel-coordinates
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RadarGeorg von Mayrhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radar_chart
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ScatterplotJohn Frederick W. Herschelhttps://qz.com/1235712/the-origins-of-the-scatter-plot-data-visualizations-greatest-invention/
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Tree
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Venn DiagramJohn Vennhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Venn
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Word Tree
Martin Wattenberg & Fernanda Viegas
http://hint.fm/projects/wordtree/
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More GraphsAlternative NamesInventor/FormalizedURL/SourceURL/Source
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Fill in more from: http://datavis.ca/milestones/
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History of infographics from InfoWeTrust: https://infowetrust.com/history/
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