IDOE Academic Glossary for MTH and ELA

1 | - | Definition | K | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | ||||||||||||
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2 | A | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

3 | Accuracy | reading words in text with no errors | RF.5 | RF5.1 | RF5 | RF5 | RF5 | RF5 | ML2.1 | W.5 | W.5 | SL3.1 | SL3.1 | SL3.1 | SL3.1 | ||||||||||||

4 | Adjective | words that describe a noun | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 AND W6.2 | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 | ||||||||||||

5 | Adverb | words that modify a verb, adjective, or another adverb; an adverb tells how, when, where, why, how often, or how much | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1 | W6.1/W6.2 | W6.1/W6.2 | W6.1/W6.2 | W6.1/W6.2 | ||||||||||||

6 | Aesthetic impact | response of the reader to the beauty of the text | RL3.1 | RL3.1 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

7 | Affix | general terms that refers to prefixes and suffixes | RF4.6/RV2.4 | RV2.4 | RV2.4/W6.2 | RF4.6/RV2.4 | RF4.6/RV2.4 | RV2.4 | RV2.4 | RV2.4 | |||||||||||||||||

8 | (Greek/Latin) affixes | morphemes added to words change the meaning or function (e.g., di-‐, -‐ly) | SEE AFFIX | ||||||||||||||||||||||||

9 | Allegory | a story in which people, things, and actions represent ideas and have a moral or lesson about life | RV3.1 | RV3.1 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

10 | Alliteration | repetition of the initial consonant sound in two or more neighboring words | RV3.1 | RV3.1 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

11 | Allusion | an implied or indirect reference to a person, place, or event (real) | RV3.1 | RV3.3 | RV3.1/RV3.2 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

12 | Analogy | a comparison of the features or qualities of two different things to show their similarities | RV2.2 | W3.2 | W3.2 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

13 | Archetype | a symbol, plot pattern, or character type that occurs frequently in literature, myths, religious works, or folklore | RL4.2 | RL4.2 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

14 | Argument | an expression of a point of view about a subject supported with evidence | RN4.1/W3.1/SL3.2 | RN4.1/W3.1/SL3.2 | RN4.1/W3.1/SL3.2 | RN4.1/W3.1 | RN4.1/W3.1 | RN3.2/RN4.1/W3.1/W4 | |||||||||||||||||||

15 | Audience | the specified or clearly implied persons to whom writers address his/her correspondence | W1/W3.1/W3.2/W3.3/SL1 | W1/W3.1/W3.2/W3.3/SL1 | W1/W3.1/W3.2/W3.3/SL1 | W1/W3.1/W3.2/W3.3/SL1 | W1/3.1/W3.2/W3.3/SL1/SL4.2 | W1/W3.1/W3.2/W3.3/SL1 | RV2.4/W1/W3.1/W3.2/W3.3/SL1/ML2.2 | W1/W3.1/W3.2/W3.3/SL1 | W1/W3.1/W3.2/W3.3/SL1 | W1/W3.1/W3.2/W3.3/W4/SL1/SL4.1 | W1/W3.1/W3.2/W3.3/W4/SL1/SL4.1 | RL4.1/RN3.3/W1/W3.1/W3.2/W3.3/W4/W5/SL1/SL4.1 | RL4.1/RN3.3/W1/W3.1/W3.2/W3.3/W4/W5/SL1/SL4.1 | ||||||||||||

16 | B | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

17 | Bias | an inclination or tendency towards an idea | RN4.1 | W3.1 | W3.1 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

18 | Blend(ing) | the task of combining sounds rapidly to accurately represent the word | RF3.2/RF3.3/RF4.2 | RF3.2/RF4.1 | W6.2 | RF4.4 | |||||||||||||||||||||

19 | C | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

20 | Central idea | the most important or central thought of a text | RL.2.2 (central message) | RL.2.2 (central message) | RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RN2.2 | RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RN2.2 | RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RN2.2 | RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RN2.2 | RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RN2.2 | RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RN2.2 | RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RN2.2 | ||||||||||||||||

21 | Character | person who takes part in the action of a story, novel, or a play. Sometimes characters can be animals or imaginary creatures, such as beings from another planet | RL2.3/RL4.2 | RL2.3/RL3.1/RL4.1/RL4.2/W3.3 | RL2.3/RL3.2/RL4.1 | RL2.3/RL3.2/RL4.1/RL4.2/W3.3 | RL2.3/W3.3 | RL2.2/RL2.3/W3.3 | RL2.3/RL3.1/W3.3 | RL2.3/RL3.2/RL4.2/W3.3 | RL2.2/RL2.3/W3.3 | RL2.3/RL3.2/RL4.2/W3.3 | RL2.3/RL3.2/RL4.2/W3.3 | RL2.3/W3.3 | RL2.3/W3.3 | ||||||||||||

22 | Characterization/Character development | how characters are described and developed either directly or indirectly | RL3.1 | ||||||||||||||||||||||||

23 | Citation | a reference to a source. Citation may be done formally through such formats as MLA or APA | W5 | W5 | W5 | W5 | W5 | W5 | |||||||||||||||||||

24 | Cite textual evidence | to quote directly or indirectly from a text in order to provide evidence | RL2.1/RN2.1 | ||||||||||||||||||||||||

25 | Claim | an arguable statement. Claims typically fall into one of four categories: claims of fact or definition, claims of cause and effect, claims about value, claims about solutions or policies | RN4.1/ML2.1 | RN4.1/SL3.2/ML2.1 | RN4.1/RN4.2/RN4.3/W3.1/SL3.2/SL4.1 | RN4.1/RN4.2/RN4.3/W3.1/SL3.2/SL4.1/SL4.2 | RN3.2/RN4.1/RN4.2/RN4.3/W3.1 | RN3.2/RN4.1/RN4.2/RN4.3/W3.1 | RN3.3/RN4.1/RN4.2/RN4.3/W3.1 | RN3.3/RN4.1/RN4.2/RN4.3/W3.1 | |||||||||||||||||

26 | Climax | the point in a literary text at which the conflict reaches its greatest intensity | W3.3 | W3.3 | RL3.1/W3.3 | W3.3 | |||||||||||||||||||||

27 | Cohesion | the flow of sentneces, paragraphs, or sections of text to show connection among ideas | W3.1/W3.2 | W3.1/W3.2 | W3.1/W3.2 | W3.1/W3.2 | W3.1/W3.2 | W3.1/W3.2 | |||||||||||||||||||

28 | Collegial (discussions) | working together and showing equal consideration among members of a group | SL2.3 | SL2.3 | SL2.3 | SL2.3 | |||||||||||||||||||||

29 | Compare and contrast | compare: to actively point out similarities; contrast: refers to indicating differences | RL4.2 | RL4.2 | RL4.2/RN3.2/RN4.2 | RL4.2/RN4.2 | RL3.2/RL4.2/RN3.3 | RL4.2/TN3.2 | RL4.1/RL4.2/RN4.3 | RL4.1/RL4.2/RN4.2 | RL3.1 | RL2.2/RN2.2 | RL2.2/RN2.2 | ||||||||||||||

30 | Complex sentence | a sentence with an independent clause joined by an dependent/subordinate clause | W.6.1.e | W.6.1.3 | W.6.1.e | W.6.1.e | W.6.1.e | ||||||||||||||||||||

31 | Compound sentence | a sentence that contains two independent clauess joined by a coordinating conjunction | W.6.1.e | W.6.1.e | W.6.1.3 | W.6.1.e | W.6.1.e | W.6.1.e | |||||||||||||||||||

32 | Compound-complex sentence | a sentence that containing two independent clauses and a dependent clause | W.6.1.e | W.6.1.e | |||||||||||||||||||||||

33 | Comprehension | understanding what one is reading, the ultimate goal of all reading activity | RF1/RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RL3./RL3.2/RL4.1/RL4.2/RN2.1/RN2.2/RN2.3 | RF1/RF5.1/RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RL3.1/RL3.2/RL4.1/RL4.2/RN2.1/RN2.2/RN2.3 | RF1/RF5/RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RL3.1/RL3.2/RL4.1/RL4.2/RN2.1/RN2.2/RN2.3/SL3.2 | RF1/RF5/RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RL3.1/RL3.2/RL4.1/RL4.2/RN2.1/RN2.2/RN2.3/W3.2 | RF1/RF5/RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RL3.1/RL3.2/RL4.1/RL4.2/RN2.1/RN2.2/RN2.3/W3.2 | RF1/RF5/RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RL3.1/RL3.2/RL4.1/RL4.2/RN2.1/RN2.2/RN2.3/W3.2 | RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RL3.1/RL3.2/RL4.1/RL4.2/RN2.1/RN2.2/RN2.3/RV1/RV3.1/RV3.2/RV3.3/W3.2 | RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RL3.1/RL3.2/RL4.1/RL4.2/RN2.1/RN2.2/RN2.3/RV1/RV3.1/RV3.2/RV3.3/W3.2 | RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RL3.1/RL3.2/RL4.1/RL4.2/RN2.1/RN2.2/RN2.3/RV1/RV3.1/RV3.2/RV3.3/W3.2 | RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RL3.1/RL3.2/RL4.1/RL4.2/RN2.1/RN2.2/RN2.3/RV1/RV3.1/RV3.2/RV3.3/W3.2 | RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RL3.1/RL3.2/RL4.1/RL4.2/RN2.1/RN2.2/RN2.3/RV1/RV3.1/RV3.2/RV3.3/W3.2 | RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RL3.1/RL3.2/RL4.1/RL4.2/RN2.1/RN2.2/RN2.3/RV1/RV3.1/RV3.2/RV3.3/W3.2 | RL2.1/RL2.2/RL2.3/RL2.4/RL3.1/RL3.2/RL4.1/RL4.2/RN2.1/RN2.2/RN2.3/RV1/RV3.1/RV3.2/RV3.3/W3.2 | ||||||||||||

34 | Concise | expressing ideas in few words, avoiding wordiness and redundancy | SL4.1 | SL4.1 | SL4.1 | W3.2 | W3.2 | W3.2 | W3.2/SL4.1 | W3.2/SL4.1 | |||||||||||||||||

35 | Conditional mood | a verb mood that indicates a conditional state that will cause something else to happen; it is marked by words such as might, could, and would | W.6.1.b | W.6.1.b | |||||||||||||||||||||||

36 | Conflict | a struggle between opposing forces in a story or play, usually resolved by the end of the work | W3.3 | W3.3 | RL3.1/W3.3 | RN3.3/RN4.3/W3.3 | RL2.3 | RL2.3 | RL4.2/ML2.1 | RL4.2/ML2.1 | |||||||||||||||||

37 | Connotation/Connotative meaning | meaning associated with a word in addition to the literal meaning; for example, childlike has a more positive connotation than childish | RV2.3RV3.1 | RV2.3/RV3.1 | RV2.3RV3.1 | RV3.1 | RV3.1 | RV3.1 | RV3.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

38 | Consonant blend | Two or more consecutive consonants which retain their individual sounds | RF4.2 | RF3.2/RF4.1 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

39 | Consonant digraph | two consecutive consonants that represent one phoneme, or sound | |||||||||||||||||||||||||

40 | Context-specific words ( Content-specific word) | vocabulary specific to a content area or topic | RV.1, RV.3.2 | RV.1, RV.3.2 | RV.1, RV.3.2 | RV.1 | RV.1 | RV.1 | RV.1 | RV.1 | RV.1 | RV.1 | |||||||||||||||

41 | Context | the parts of a written or spoken statement that precede or follow a specific word or phrase, usually influencing or explaining its meaning | RV2.1 | RV2.1 | RV2.1 | RV2.1/W3.3 | RV2.1 | RV2.1/ML2.2 | RV2.1/W3.3 | RV2.1/W3.3 | RV2.1/RV3.3 | RV2.1/RV3.3 | RV2.1/RV3.3 | RV2.1/RV3.3 | |||||||||||||

42 | Context clues | using words or sentences around an unfamiliar word to help clarify its meaning | RV2.1 | RV2.1 | RV2.1 | RV2.1 | RV2.1 | ||||||||||||||||||||

43 | Counterclaims | arguable statements intended to counter or dispute other claims | W3.1 | W3.1 | W3.1 | RN3.3/W3.1 | RN3.3/W3.1 | ||||||||||||||||||||

44 | Credibility (of sources) | evaluating sources for reliability of information | W.3.1.c, W.5.c | W.3.1.c, W.5.c | W.3.1.c, W.5.c | SL.3.1 | SL.3.1 | SL.3.1 | SL.3.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

45 | D | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

46 | Decodable text | text in which a high proportion of words (80%-‐90%) comprise sound-‐symbol relationships that have already been taught; it is used for the purpose of providing practice with specific decoding skills and is a bridge between learning phonics and the application of phonics in independent reading | |||||||||||||||||||||||||

47 | Decode | the ability to translate a word from print to speech, usually by employing knowledge of sound symbol correspondences; also the act of deciphering a new word by sounding it out | RF.4.1, RF.4.2, RF.4.3 | RF.4.1, RF.4.2, RF.4.3 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

48 | Denotation | the literal meaning of a word or phrase | RV.2.3 | RV.2.3 | RV.2.3 | RV.2.3 | R.V.2.3 | R.V.2.3 | RV.2.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

49 | Dialogue | conversation between two or more people that advances the action, is consistent with the character of the speakers, and serves to give relief from passages essentially descriptive or expository (See Description, Exposition, Drama) | RL.3.2 | W.3.3.c | W.3.3.c | W.3.3.c | W.3.3.c | W.3.3.c | W.3.3.c, RL.2.3 | W.3.3.c | W.3.3.c | W.3.3.c | W.3.3.c | ||||||||||||||

50 | Digital media | media transmitted digitally (e.g., video, websites) | SL.4.2 | SL.4.2 | SL.4.2 | SL.4.2 | |||||||||||||||||||||

51 | Diagraph ( also see consonant and vowel) | two successive letters that make a single sound. For example, the ea in bread, or the ng in sing | |||||||||||||||||||||||||

52 | Dynamic Character | a complex character who develops or changes over the course of the text (e.g., Bilbo Baggins in The Hobbit) | RL.2.3 | RL.2.3 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

53 | E | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

54 | Evidence | support for an idea or claim | RL.2.2, RN.4.1,SL.3.1, SL.3.2, ML.2.1 | RN.4.1, SL.3.2, ML.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1, RN.4.1, 6.W.1, W.3.1, SL.2.2, SL.3.2, ML.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1, RN.4.1, RN.4.3, W.3.1, SL.2.2, SL.3.2 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1, RN.3.3, RN.4.1, W.3.1, SL.2.2, SL.2.4, SL.2.5, SL, 3.2, SL.4.1, SL4.2 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1, RN.4.1, W.3.1, SL.2.2, SL.2.5, SL..3.2, SL.4.1, SL.4.2 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1, RN.4.1, W.3.1, SL.2.2, SL.2.5, SL..3.2, SL.4.1, SL.4.2 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1, RN.4.1, W.3.1, SL.2.2, SL.2.4, SL..3.2, SL.4.1, SL.4.2 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1, RN.4.1, W.3.1, SL.2.2, SL.2.4, SL..3.2, SL.4.1, SL.4.2 | ||||||||||||||||

55 | Explicitly | clearly expressed, nothing implied (e.g., in referencing a text, you cite a statistic or direct quote) | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1, | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | |||||||||||||||

56 | Exposition | writing or speech intended to convey information or explain | W.3.3.a | W.3.3.a | RN.3.2 | RN.3.2 | |||||||||||||||||||||

57 | F | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

58 | Fable | a short, simple story that teaches a lesson; a fable usually includes animals that talk and act like people | RL.2.2 | RL.2.2 | RL.2.2 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

59 | Fairy tale | a story written for, or told to, children that includes elements of magic and magical folk such as fairies, elves, or goblins | RL.3.1 | RL.2.2, RL.3.1 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

60 | Fact and opinion | statements of fact can be proven conclusively to be true or false; statements of opinion cannot be proven to be true or false | RN.4.1 | RN.4.1 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

61 | Fallacious reasoning | defects that weaken an argument (e.g., Hasty Generalization, Appeal to Authority, Slippery Slope) | RN.4.1, SL.3.2 | RN.4.1, SL.3.2 | RN.4.1, ML.2.2 | RN.4.1, ML.2.2 | |||||||||||||||||||||

62 | Fiction | imaginative works of prose, primarily the novel and the short story -‐ Although fiction draws on actual events and real people, it springs mainly from the imagination of the writer. The purpose is to entertain as well as enlighten the reader by providing a deeper understanding of the human condition. | |||||||||||||||||||||||||

63 | Figurative language | language that communicates ideas beyond the ordinary or literal meaning of the words | RV.3.1 | RV.3.1 | RV.3.1, W.3.3.d | RV.3.1 | RV.3.1 | RV.3.1 | RV.3.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

64 | Figurative meaning | non-‐literal meanings of language that include figures of speech such as similes, metaphors, and implied comparisons (e.g., He is as blind as a bat without his glasses.) | RV.3.1, RV.3.2 | RV.3.1, RV.3.2 | RV.3.1, RV.3.2 | RV.3.1, RV.3.2 | RV.3.1, RV.3.2 | RV.3.1, RV.3.2 | RV.3.1, RV.3.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

65 | Figures of speech | non-‐literal language used for effect such as simile, hyperbole, personification (e.g., I've seen that movie a million times.) | RV.3.3 | RV.3.3 | RV.3.3 | RV.3.3 | RV.3.3 | RV.3.3 | RV.3.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

66 | Flashback | a narrative device in which an event or scene that took place in the past is inserted into the chronological structure of the work | RL.3.1 | RL.3.1 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

67 | Fluency | automatic word recognition, rapid decoding, and checking for meaning | RF.1, RF.5 | RF.1, RF.5 | RF.1, RF.5 | RF.1, RF.5 | RF.1, RF.5 | RF.1, RF.5 | |||||||||||||||||||

68 | Folktale | a short narrative handed down through oral tradition, with various tellers and groups modifying it, so that it acquired cumulative
authorship; fost folktales eventually move from oral tradition to written form | RL.2.2 | RL.2.2 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

69 | Foundational (seminal) US and world documents | important texts through which ideas and culture are founded (e.g., The Declaration of Independence) | RN.4.3 | RN.4.3 | RN.4.3 | RN.4.3 | |||||||||||||||||||||

70 | G | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

71 | General academic words | language that frequently appears across written texts and goes beyond everyday speech; these words often have multiple or more precise meanings (e.g., saunter, fluctuate, preliminary) | RV.3.2 | RV.1, RV.3.2 | RV.1, RV.3.2 | RV.1 | RV.1 | RV.1 | RV.1 | RV.1 | RV.1 | RV.1 | |||||||||||||||

72 | Genre | categories of text including broad ones like fiction and nonfiction, or divided more specifically like historical fiction, memoir, and personal essays | RL.3.1 | RL.3.1, W.4 | W.4 | W.4 | W.4 | RL.4.2, W.4 | RL.4.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

73 | H | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

74 | High-frequency words | words that are recognized immediately -‐ Sometimes sight words are thought to be irregular, or high frequency words (e.g., the Dolch and Fry lists); however, any word that is recognized automatically is a sight word. These words may be phonetically regular or irregular. | RF.4.4 | RF.4.4, W.6.2.c | RF.2.2, W.6.2.c | ||||||||||||||||||||||

75 | Homograph | one of two or more words spelled alike but different in meaning and derivation or pronunciation (e.g., the noun conduct and the verb conduct are homographs) | RV.2.2, W.6.2.c | RV.2.2, W.6.2.c | RV.2.2 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

76 | Homonyn | one of two or more words spelled and pronounced alike but different in meaning (e.g., the noun quail and the verb quail) | RV.2.2 | RV.2.2 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

77 | Homophone | one of two or more words pronounced alike but different in meaning or derivation or spelling (e.g., the words to, too, and two) | W.6.2.c | W.6.2.c | |||||||||||||||||||||||

78 | Hyperbole | an intentional exaggeration for emphasis or comic effect | RV.3.1 | RV.3.1 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

79 | I | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

80 | Idiom | a phrase or expression that means something different from what the words actually say; an idiom is usually understandable to a particular group of people. (e.g., using ‘over his head’ for ‘doesn’t
understand.’) | RV 3.1 | RV.3.3 | RV.3.3 | RV.3.3 | |||||||||||||||||||||

81 | Imagery | descriptive language that portrays sensory experiences, creating a picture in the mind of the reader. For example in the poem "Daffodils" by William Wordsworth, he uses this descriptive language: "Beside the lake, beneath the trees,/ Fluttering and dancing in the breeze." | RV.3.1 | RV.3.1 | RV.3.1 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

82 | Independent reading level | the level at which a reader can read text with 95% accuracy (i.e., no more than one error per 20 words read); independent reading level is relatively easy text for the reader | |||||||||||||||||||||||||

83 | Inferences | conclusions or judgments based on evidence | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1 | ||||||||||||||||

84 | Informational text | nonfiction writing in narrative or non-‐narrative form that is intended to inform | |||||||||||||||||||||||||

85 | Inquiry question | a focused question with multiple answers that is open to research | W.5.a | W.5.a | W.5.a | W.5.a | |||||||||||||||||||||

86 | Irony | a difference between appearance and reality. The three main types are verbal, situational, and dramatic irony. "The Gift of the Magi" by O. Henry is a famous example of situational irony | RV.3.3 | RL.3.2 | RL.3.2 | RL.3.2 | RL.3.2 | ||||||||||||||||||||

87 | J | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

88 | Juxtaposed | placed close together or side by side, especially for comparison or contrast | W.6.1.e | W.6.1.a | |||||||||||||||||||||||

89 | L | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

90 | Literature | this genre includes stories, novels, poetry, and plays | |||||||||||||||||||||||||

91 | M | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

92 | Main idea | in informational or expository writing, the most important thought or overall position; the main idea or thesis of a piece, written in sentence form, is supported by details and explanation | RN.2.2, W.3.2 | RL.2.1, RN.2.2, W.3.2 | RL.2.1, RN.2.1, RN.2.2 | RN.2.2, W.3.2.a, SL.3.1 | RN.2.2, W.3.2.a, SL.4.1, SL.4.2, | RN.2.2, SL.3.2,SL.4.1, SL.4.2, | SL.4.1 | SL.3.1 | |||||||||||||||||

93 | Media literacy | the ability to understand, analyze, and evaluate media (electronic or digital means and print or artistic visuals used to transmit messages) | |||||||||||||||||||||||||

94 | Metaphor | a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is used to imply comparison between two seemingly unlike things (e.g., My friend is always an early bird.) | RV.3.1 | RV.2.2, RV.3.1 | W.3.2.d | W.3.2.d | |||||||||||||||||||||

95 | Mood | the atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader to evoke certain feelings | RL.4.1 | RL.3.2 | W.6.1.b | W.6.1.b | |||||||||||||||||||||

96 | Multimedia | presentation of information in a combination of modes (e.g., images and text or images and sound) | RL.4.1,W.3.2e, SL.4.2, ML.2.1 | RL.4.1, W.3.2.e, SL.4.2 | W.3.2.e, SL.4.2 | RL.4.1,RN.4.2,W.3.2.e, SL.4.2 | RN.4.2,W.3.2.e, SL.4.2 | RN.4.2, W.3.2.e, W.4.b | RN.4.2, W.3.2.e, W.4.b | W.3.2.e | W.3.2.e | ||||||||||||||||

97 | Myth | a traditional story passed down through generations that explains why the world is the way it is | RL.2.2, RL.4.2 | RV.3.3 | RL.4.2 | RL.4.2 | RL.4.2 | RL.4.2 | |||||||||||||||||||

98 | N | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

99 | Narrative text | a story about fictional or real events | RL. 3.1 | RL. 3.1 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

100 | Narrator | the person or voice telling the story; the narrator can be a character in the story or a voice outside the action | RL. 3.2, W. 3.3 | RL. 3.2, W. 3.3 | RL. 3.2, W. 3.3 | RL. 3.2, W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | ||||||||||||||||

101 | Nonfiction | prose writing about facts and real events. This genre includes (but is not limited to) personal essays, memoirs, journalism, text books, and letters | RN. 1, RN. 2.1, RN. 2.2, RN. 2.3, RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RV. 1,RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2 | RN. 1, RN. 2.1, RN. 2.2, RN. 2.3, RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RV. 1, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2 | RN. 1, RN. 2.1, RN. 2.2, RN. 2.3, RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RV. 1,RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, W. 1 | RN. 1, RN. 2.1, RN. 2.2, RN. 2.3, RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 1 | RN. 1, RN. 2.1, RN. 2.2, RN. 2.3, RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, 4. W.1 | RN. 1, RN. 2.1, RN. 2.2, RN. 2.3, RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 1 | RN. 1, RN. 2.1, RN. 2.2, RN. 2.3, RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RV. 4.3, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 1 | RN. 1, RN. 2.1, RN. 2.2, RN. 2.3, RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RN. 4.3, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 1 | RN. 1, RN. 2.1, RN. 2.2, RN. 2.3, RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RN. 3.3, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RN. 4.3, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 1 | RN. 1, RN. 2.1, RN. 2.2, RN. 2.3, RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RN. 4.3, RN. 3.3, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RN. 4.3, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 1 | RN. 1, RN. 2.1, RN. 2.2, RN. 2.3, RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RN. 4.3, RN. 3.3, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RN. 4.3, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 1 | RN. 1, RN. 2.1, RN. 2.2, RN. 2.3, RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RN. 4.3, RN. 3.3, RN. 4.1, RN. 4.2, RN. 4.3, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 1 | |||||||||||||

102 | Noun | a word that is the class name of something: a person, place, thing, or idea | RF. 3.2, W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | ||||||||||||

103 | Novel | an extended work of fiction -‐ Like a short story, a novel is essentially the product of a writer’s imagination. Because the novel is much longer than the short story, the writer can develop a wider range of
characters and a more complex plot. | RL. 2.2 | RL. 4.2 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

104 | O | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

105 | Objective summary | a summary free of personal beliefs and judgments | RL. 2.2, RN. 2.2 | RN. 2.2 | RN. 2.2 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

106 | Onset and rime | in a syllable, the onset is the initial consonant or consonants, and the rime is the vowel and any consonants that follow it (e.g., the word sat, the onset is “s” and the rime is “at”; in the word flip, the onset is “fl” and the rime is “ip”) | RF. 3.3, RF. 4.5 | ||||||||||||||||||||||||

107 | Oxymoron | a figure of speech that is a combination of contradictory words (e.g., open secret) | RV. 3.3 | RV. 3.3 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

108 | P | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

109 | Paradox | a figure of speech in which a statement or proposition seems self-‐contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth. In literature, a paradox often makes a statement of a major theme. "I must be cruel to be kind," is an example of a paradoxical statement from Hamlet by William Shakespeare | RV. 3.3 | RV. 3.3 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

110 | Parallel episodes | repeated elements or reoccurring events throughout the course of the story | RL. 3.1 | RL. 3.1 | RL. 3.1 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

111 | Paraphrase | rewording or restatement from a text | SL. 3.1 | SL. 3.1 | RL. 2.2 | W. 5 | W. 5 | W. 5 | W. 5 | ||||||||||||||||||

112 | Personificiation | assigning human characteristics or qualities to animals, objects, or abstract concepts. "And gradually from week to week the character of each tree came out, and it admired itself reflected in the smooth mirror of the lake," is an example of personification from Walden by Henry David Thoreau. | RV. 3.3 | ||||||||||||||||||||||||

113 | Perspective | a position from which something is considered or evaluated | RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2 | RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2 | RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3 | RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3 | RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3 | RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3 | RN. 3.3, SL. 2.5 | RN. 3.3 | RN. 3.3 | RN. 3.3, SL. 2.5 | RN. 3.3, SL. 2.5 | SL. 2.4, SL. 4.1 | SL. 2.4, SL. 4.1 | ||||||||||||

114 | Persuasive writing | writing intended to convince the reader that a position is valid or that the reader should take a specific action; differs from exposition in that it does more than explain -‐ it takes a stand and endeavors to persuade the reader to take the same position | W. 3.1 | W. 3.1 | W. 3.1 | ML. 2.1 | SL. 2.1 | SL. 2.1 | RN. 3.3, SL. 2.1 | RN. 3.3, SL. 2.1 | |||||||||||||||||

115 | Phoneme | the smallest unit of speech sound that makes a difference in communication (e.g., fly consists of three phonemes: /f/-‐/l/-‐/`i/) | RF. 3.4 | ||||||||||||||||||||||||

116 | Phonemic awareness/phonological awareness | awareness that spoken language consists of a sequence of phonemes -‐ This awareness is demonstrated, for example, in the ability to generate rhyme and alliteration, and in segmenting and blending component sounds. | RF. 1, W. 6.2 | RF. 1, W. 6.2 | RF. 1 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

117 | Phonics | the study of sounds OR the use of elementary phonetics in the teaching of reading | RF.1, RF. 4.1, RF. 4.2, RF. 4.3, RF. 4.4, RF. 4.5 | RF.1, RF. 4.1, RF. 4.2, RF. 4.3, RF. 4.4, RF. 4.5, RF. 4.6 | RF.1, RF. 4.1, RF. 4.2, RF. 4.3, RF. 4.4, RF. 4.5, RF. 4.6 | RF. 4.1, RF. 4.2, RF. 4.3, RF. 4.4, RF. 4.5, RF. 4.6 | RF. 4.1, RF. 4.2, RF. 4.3, RF. 4.4, RF. 4.5, RF. 4.6 | RF. 4.1, RF. 4.2, RF. 4.3, RF. 4.4, RF. 4.5, RF. 4.6 | |||||||||||||||||||

118 | Phrases | a group of related words that lacks either a subject or a predicate or both (e.g., by the door and opening the box) | RV. 1 | RV. 1, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2 | RV. 1, RV. 2.5, RV. 3.2 | RV. 1, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.5W. 3.1, W. 3.2 | RV. 1, RV. 2.5, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, W. 3.1, W. 3.2, W. 3.3 | RV. 1, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.5, W. 3.1, W. 6.1 | RV. 1, RV. 2.1, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, W. 3.3, W. 6.1 | RV. 1, RV. 2.1, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, W. 3.3, W. 6.1 | RV. 1, RV. 2.1, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, W. 3.3, W. 6.1 | RV. 1, RV. 2.1, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, W. 3.3, W. 6.1 | RV. 1, RV. 2.1, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, W. 3.3, W. 6.1 | RV. 1, RV. 2.1, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, W. 3.3, W. 6.1 | RV. 1, RV. 2.1, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, W. 3.3, W. 6.1 | ||||||||||||

119 | Plot | the action or sequence of events in a story. The plot includes exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and denouement (ending) | RL. 2.3 | RL. 2.3, RL. 4.1 | RL. 2.3, RL. 4.2 | RL. 2.3 | RL. 2.3 | RL. 2.3, RL. 3.1 | RL. 2.3, RL. 3.1 | RL. 2.2 | RL. 2.3, W. 3.3 | RL. 2.3, W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | |||||||||||||

120 | Poetry | an imaginative response to experience reflecting a keen awareness of language -‐ Its first characteristic is rhythm, marked by regularity far surpassing that of prose. Poetry’s rhyme affords an obvious difference from prose. Because poetry is relatively short, it is likely to be characterized by compactness and intense unity. Poetry insists on the specific and the concrete. | |||||||||||||||||||||||||

121 | Point of view | the perspective through which events in a story are conveyed to the reader (e.g., first person, third person limited, third person omniscient) | RL. 3.1, RL. 3.2 | RL. 3.1, RL. 3.2 | RL. 3.1, RL. 3.2 | RL. 3.1, RL. 3.2 | RL. 3.1, RL. 3.2 | RL. 3.1, RL. 3.2 | RL. 3.1, RL. 3.2 | RL. 3.1, RL. 3.2, W. 3.3 | RL. 3.1, RL. 3.2, W. 3.3, ML. 2.2 | RL. 3.1, RL. 3.2, SL. 3.2 | RL. 3.1, RL. 3.2, SL. 3.2 | RL. 3.1, RL. 3.2, SL. 3.2 | RL. 3.1, RL. 3.2, SL. 3.2 | ||||||||||||

122 | Prefix | a word part that is added to the beginning of a base word that changes the sense or meaning of the root or base word (e.g., re-‐, dis-, com-‐ are prefixes) | RF. 4.6 | RF. 4.6 | RV. 2.4 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

123 | Primary sources | first-‐hand testimony or direct evidence concerning a topic under investigation (e.g., official records, diaries, speeches) | W. 5 | ||||||||||||||||||||||||

124 | Prior knowledge | RL. 2.4 | |||||||||||||||||||||||||

125 | Pronoun | words that substitute for nouns (e.g., he, it, we, them) | RF. 3.2, W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | ||||||||||||

126 | Prose | writing or speaking in the usual or ordinary form; prose becomes poetic when it takes on rhythm and rhyme | RL. 3.1 | ||||||||||||||||||||||||

127 | Pun | a play on words using words that sound alike or have multiple meanings for a humorous effect. “They seemed to think the opportunity lost, if they failed to point the conversation to me, every now and then, and stick the point into me,” is an example of a pun in Great Expectations by Charles Dickens | RV.3.3 | ||||||||||||||||||||||||

128 | Purpose | the reason an author decides to write about a topic (e.g., entertain, persuade, inform) | RL.1, RN.1, W.1, W. 3.1, W. 3.3, SL. 1, ML. 1, ML. 2.1 | W.1, W. 3.1, W.3.2, W. 3.3, W. 4, SL. 1, ML. 1, ML. 2.1 | W.1, W. 3.1, W.3.2, W. 3.3, W. 4, SL. 1, SL. 3.1, ML. 1, ML. 2.1 | W.1, W. 3.1, W.3.2, W. 3.3, W. 4, SL. 1, ML. 1, ML. 2.1 | W.1, W. 3.1, W.3.2, W. 3.3, W. 4, SL. 1, ML. 1, ML. 2.1 | W.1, W. 3.1, W.3.2, W. 3.3, W. 4, SL. 1, ML. 1, ML. 2.1, ML. 2.2 | RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, W. 1, W. 3.1, W. 3.2, W. 3.3, SL. 1, ML. 1, ML. 2.1, ML. 2.2 | RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, W. 1, W. 3.1, W. 3.2, W. 3.3, SL. 1, ML. 1, ML. 2.1, ML. 2.2 | RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, W. 1, W. 3.1, W. 3.2, W. 3.3, SL. 1, SL. 3.1, ML. 1, ML. 2.1, ML. 2.2 | RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, W. 1, W. 3.1, W. 3.2, W. 3.3, W. 4, SL. 1, SL. 4.1, ML. 1, ML. 2.1, ML. 2.2 | RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, W. 1, W. 3.1, W. 3.2, W. 3.3, W. 4, SL. 1, SL. 4.1, ML. 1, ML. 2.1, ML. 2.2 | RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, RN. 4.3, W. 1, W. 3.1, W. 3.2, W. 3.3, W. 4, W. 5, SL. 1, SL. 4.1, ML. 1, ML. 2.1, ML. 2.2 | RN. 3.1, RN. 3.2, RN. 3.3, RN. 4.3, W. 1, W. 3.1, W. 3.2, W. 3.3, W. 4, W. 5, SL. 1, SL. 4.1, ML. 1, ML. 2.1, ML. 2.2 | ||||||||||||

129 | R | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

130 | Rhetoric | communication intended to modify the perspective of others | RN. 3.3, SL. 3.2 | RN. 3.3, SL. 3.2 | RN. 3.3, SL. 3.2 | RN. 3.3, SL. 3.2 | |||||||||||||||||||||

131 | Rhetorical/Logical fallacies | defects that weaken an argument (e.g., Sweeping Generalization, Appeal to Authority, Slippery Slope) | RN. 4.3, ML. 2.2 | RN. 4.3, ML. 2.2 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

132 | Rhyme | the repetition of sounds in two or more words or phrases, which appear close to each other in a poem | RL. 2.2, RL. 3.1, SL. 4.1 | RL. 3.1, SL. 4.1 | SL. 4.1 | RV. 3.1 | |||||||||||||||||||||

133 | Rhyming words | words that have the same ending sound | RF. 3.1 | ||||||||||||||||||||||||

134 | Root | a bound morpheme, usually of Latin origin, that cannot stand alone but is used to form a family of words with related meanings | RF. 4.6, RV. 2.4, | RF. 4.6, RV. 2.4, | RF. 4.6, RV. 2.4, | RF. 4.6, RV. 2.4, | RF. 4.6, RV. 2.4, | RV. 2.4 | RV. 2.4 | RV. 2.4 | |||||||||||||||||

135 | Root word | a word or word element to which prefixes and suffixes may be added to make other words (e.g., to the root graph, the prefix di-‐ and the suffix –ic can be added to create the word, digraphic) | RF. 4.6 | RV. 2.4 | RV. 2.4 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

136 | (Greek/Latin) roots | words or word elements to which affixes may be added to make other words (e.g., cycle, join) | See Root Word | ||||||||||||||||||||||||

137 | S | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

138 | Satire | a literary composition in which ideas, customs, or behaviors are ridiculed (e.g., "A Modest Proposal" by Jonathan Swift) | RL. 3.2 | RL. 3.2 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

139 | Scaffolding | guidance provided to enable a student to interact with a text he/she may not yet be ready to interact with independently. Scaffolding is implemented with the goal of moving the student to the point where he/she may be able to interact with appropriately complex texts independently | RL. 1, RN. 1 | RL. 1, RN. 1 | RL. 1, RN. 1 | RL. 1, RN. 1 | RL. 1, RN. 1 | RL. 1, RN. 1 | RL. 1, RN. 1 | RL. 1, RN. 1 | |||||||||||||||||

140 | Scene | RL.3.1 | |||||||||||||||||||||||||

141 | Secondary sources | sources that are a step removed from the event and provide interpretation and analysis of primary sources (e.g., textbooks, histories, encyclopedias) | W. 5.b | ||||||||||||||||||||||||

142 | Segment words | separating the individual phonemes, or sounds, of a word into discrete units | RF. 3.2 | RF. 3.5 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

143 | Seminal US and world texts or documents | influential and important works (e.g., The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin) | RN. 4.3 | RN. 4.3 | RN. 4.1 | RN. 4.1 | |||||||||||||||||||||

144 | Sensory language | use of details from the five senses to appeal to the reader | W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

145 | Sentence fragments | incomplete sentences (e.g., After going to the zoo.) | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

146 | Sentence run-ons | two or more independent clauses joined improperly (e.g., My goal for this week is to finish my project it is about hot air balloons) | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

147 | Setting | the time and location of the action in a work of literature | RL. 2.3 | RL. 2.3 | RL. 4.1, RL. 4.2 | RL. 2.3 | RL. 2.3, W. 3.3 | RL. 3.1, W. 3.3 | RL. 2.3, W. 3.3 | RL. 2.2, W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | W. 3.3 | |||||||||||||

148 | Simile | a figure of speech creating as comparison between two seemingly unlike things using "like" or "as" (e.g., My brother is as brave as a lion.) | RV. 3.1 | RV. 3.1 | RV. 3.1 | RV. 2.2, RV. 3.1 | RV. 3.2 | RV. 3.2 | |||||||||||||||||||

149 | Simple sentence | a sentence that contains a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought (e.g., The book was interesting.) | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | |||||||||||||||||||

150 | Standard English | a variety of English used in public communication and academic settings | W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 4, W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | W. 6.1, W. 6.2 | ||||||||||||

151 | Stanza | a recurring grouping of two or more verse lines in terms of length, metrical form, and, often, rhyme scheme | RL. 3.1 | RL. 3.1 | RL. 3.1 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

152 | Story elements | Basic story elements include:
a. plot – the sequence of events or actions in a novel, play, short story, or narrative poem b. character – a person or sometimes animal that takes part in the plot c. setting – time and place in which a short story, novel, or narrative poem take place d. theme – the central meaning of a literary work e. point of view – the perspective or vantage point from which a literary work is told, or the way in which an author reveals characters, actions, and ideas | RL. 2.1, RL. 2.2, RL. 2.3, RL. 2.4, RL. 4.1, RL. 4.2,RN. 2.1 | RL. 2.1, RL. 2.2, RL. 2.3, RL. 2.4, RL. 4.1, RL. 4.2 | RL. 2.1, RL. 2.2, RL. 2.3, RL. 2.4, RL. 4.1, RL. 4.2 | RL. 2.1, RL. 2.2, RL. 2.3, RL. 2.4, RL. 4.1, RL. 4.2 | RL. 2.1, RL. 2.2, RL. 2.3, RL. 2.4, RL. 3.1, RL. 4.1, RL. 4.2, RV. 2.4 | RL. 2.1, RL. 2.2, RL. 2.3, RL. 2.4, RL. 4.1, RL. 4.2, RV. 2.4 | RL. 2.1, RL. 2.2, RL. 2.3, RL. 2.4, W. 6.2 | RL. 2.1, RL. 2.2, RL. 2.3, RL. 2.4, RL. 3.1, | RL. 2.1, RL. 2.2, RL. 2.3, RL. 2.4, | RL. 2.1, RL. 2.2, RL. 2.3, RL. 2.4, SL. 4.2 | RL. 2.1, RL. 2.2, RL. 2.3, RL. 2.4, SL. 4.2 | RL. 2.1, RL. 2.2, RL. 2.3, RL. 2.4, SL. 4.2, ML.2.1 | RL. 2.1, RL. 2.2, RL. 2.3, RL. 2.4, SL. 4.2, ML.2.1 | ||||||||||||

153 | Structure | the way a text is organized (e.g., chronological, cause and effect) | RL.3.1, RL.3.2, RN.3.1, RN.3.2 | RL.3.1, RL.3.2, RN.3.1, RN.3.2, W.4 | RL.3.1, RL.3.2, RN.3.1, RN.3.2, RN.3.3, W.4 | RL.3.1, RL.3.2, RN.3.1, RN.3.2, RN.3.3 | RL.3.1, RL.3.2, RN.3.1, RN.3.2, RN.3.3, RV.2.4, W.3.1 | RL.3.1, RL.3.2, RN.3.1, RN.3.2, RN.3.3, RV.2.4, W.3.1, SL.4.1 | RL.3.1, RL.3.2, RN.3.2, W.3.1, | RL.3.1, RL.3.2, RN.3.2, W.3.1, | RL.3.1, RL.3.2, RN.3.2, | RL.3.1, RL.3.2 | RL.3.1, RL.3.2 | RL.3.1, RL.3.2 | RL.3.1, RL.3.2 | ||||||||||||

154 | Style | the way a writer uses language to establish mood, images, and meaning in a text | SL. 1 | SL. 1 | SL. 1 | W. 3.1, W 3.2, SL. 1 | RV. 2.5, W. 3.1, W 3.2, W. 6.1 SL. 1 | RL.. 3.1, W. 3.1, W 3.2, SL. 1 | W. 3.1, W 3.2, SL. 1, SL. 4.1 | W. 3.1, W 3.2, SL. 1, SL. 4.1 | RN. 3.3, W. 3.1, W. 3.2, SL. 1, SL. 4.1 | RN. 3.3, W. 3.1, W. 3.2, SL. 1, SL. 4.1 | |||||||||||||||

155 | Subjunctive mood | a verb form used to express a wish, a suggestion, a command, or a condition that is contrary to fact (e.g., If I were you, I would want to arrive early.) | W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | |||||||||||||||||||||||

156 | Subplot | a plot subordinate to the main plot of a story. Sometimes the subplot will support or connect main events in a story | RL. 3.1 | ||||||||||||||||||||||||

157 | Suffix | a word part that is added to the ending of a root word and establishes the part of speech of that word (e.g., the suffix -‐ly added to immediate, a noun, creates the word, immediately, an adverb or adjective). | RF. 4.6 | RF. 4.6 | RV. 2.4 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

158 | Summarize | an approach to thinking and writing that expresses the main points of one or several resources, including readings, research findings, events, the writer’s own ideas, etc. | RN. 2.2, W. 5, SL. 3.1, | RL. 2.2, RN. 2.2, W. 5, SL. 3.1, SL. 3.2 | SL. 2.5 | SL. 2.5 | |||||||||||||||||||||

159 | Syllable | a segment of a word that contains one vowel sound; the vowel may or may not be preceded and/or followed by a consonant | RF. 3.1, RF. 3.2,RF. 3.3, RF. 3.4, RF. 3.5 | RF. 3.1, RF. 3.2,RF. 3.3, RF. 3.4, RF. 3.5 RF. 4.2 | RF. 3.1, RF. 3.2,RF. 3.3, RF. 3.4, RF. 3.5, RF. 4.2, RF. 4.3 | RF. 3.1, RF. 3.2, RF. 3.3, RF. 3.4, RF. 3.5, RF. 4.2, W,. 6.2 | RF. 3.1, RF. 3.2, RF. 3.3, RF. 3.4, RF. 3.5, RF. 4.2, W,. 6.2 | RF. 3.1, RF. 3.2, RF. 3.3, RF. 3.4, RF. 3.5, | |||||||||||||||||||

160 | Symbol | a person, place, or object that represents something beyond itself; symbols can succinctly communicate complicated, emotionally rich ideas | RV.3.1 | RV. 3.1 | RV. 3.1 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

161 | Symbolism | the use of people, places, or objects to represent ideas or qualities beyond the literal sense (e.g., The conch shell in Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a symbol of civilization and order.) | RV. 3.1 | RV. 3.1 | RV. 3.1 | ||||||||||||||||||||||

162 | Synonym | a word that has a meaning identical with, or very similar to, another word in the same language (e.g., in some situations, right is a synonym of correct) | RV. 2.2 | RV. 2.2 | RV. 2.2 | RV. 2.2 | RV. 2.2 | RV. 2.2 | RV. 2.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

163 | Syntax | the way in which words are put together to form phrases and sentences | W. 3.1.c, W. 3.2.c | W. 3.1.c, W. 3.2.c | |||||||||||||||||||||||

164 | Synthesize | putting parts together to form a new whole | W. 5 | W.5 | RN.4.2, RN. 4.3, W.5 | RN.4.2, RN. 4.3, W.5 | |||||||||||||||||||||

165 | T | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

166 | Technical meaning | meanings related to a particular field of study | RV. 3.1, RV.3.2, RV. 3.3 | RV. 3.1, RV.3.2, RV. 3.3 | RV. 3.1, RV.3.2, RV. 3.3 | RV. 3.1, RV.3.2, RV. 3.3 | RV. 3.1, RV.3.2, RV. 3.3 | ||||||||||||||||||||

167 | Theme | the underlying meaning of a literary text. Sometimes a theme is directly stated in a text, and sometimes it is indirectly stated. There can be more than one theme in a text | RL.2.2, RL.4.2 | RL.2.2 | RL.2.2, RL.4.2, SL.4.1, SL.4.2 | RL.2.2, RL.3.1, RL.4.2, | RL.2.2, RL.3.1 | RL.2.2,RL.3.1 | RL.2.2, RL.2.3, RL.4.2,RN.4.3, SL.2.4 | RL.2.2, RL.2.3, RL.4.2,RN.4.3, SL.2.4 | RL.2.2, RL.4.2, RN.4.3 | RL.2.2, RL.4.2, RN.4.3 | |||||||||||||||

168 | Tone | the expression of the attitude of the writer conveyed through choice of words and the viewpoint of the write on the subject; a tone can be serious, playful, objective, etc. | W. 3.2 | RL.3.2, RV. 3.1, W. 3.1 | RV. 3.2, W.3.1 | RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, W. 3.1 | RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, W. 3.1 | RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, W. 3.1 | RV. 3.1, W. 3.1, W. 3.3, SL. 3.2 | RV. 3.1, W. 3.1, W. 3.3, SL. 3.2 | |||||||||||||||||

169 | Transitions | words, phrases, or sentences that establish connections between ideas when writing or speaking | W.3.3 | W.3.1, W. 3.2 | W.3.1, W 3.2 | W.3.1, W 3.2 | W.3.1, W 3.2 | W.3.1, W 3.2 | W.3.1, W 3.2 | W.3.1, W 3.2 | |||||||||||||||||

170 | V | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

171 | Verb | words that express action or state of being (e.g., run, looked, am, being) | W. 6.1, | RF. 4.6, W. 6.1, | W. 6.1, | W. 6.1, | RV.3.3, W. 6.1, | RV.3.3, W. 6.1 | RN. 4.2 W. 6.1 | W. 6.1 | RV 3.3, W. 6.1, ML. 2.1 | W. 6.1, 6.2, ML. 2.1, | W. 6.1, 6.2, ML. 2.1, | W. 6.1, ML. 2.1, | W. 6.1, ML. 2.1, | ||||||||||||

172 | Vocabulary | refers to all of the words of our language -‐ One must know words to communicate effectively. Vocabulary is important to reading comprehension because readers cannot understand what they are reading without knowing what most of the words mean. Vocabulary development refers to stored information about the meanings and pronunciation of words necessary for communication. Four types of vocabulary include listening, speaking, reading and writing. | RV.1, RV.2.2, RV. 2.4, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2 | RF.1, RV. 1, RV.2.2, RV. 2.4, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, SL.1, | RV.1 RV. 2.1 RV. 2.2, RV. 2.4, RV2.5, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, SL. 1 | RV.1 RV. 2.1 RV. 2.2, RV. 2.4, RV. 3.5, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, SL. 1 | RV.1 RV. 2.1 RV. 2.2, RV. 2.4, RV. 2.5, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 3.2, W. 3.3 SL. 1 | RV.1, RV. 2.1, RV. 2.2, RV. 2.4, RV. 2.5, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 3.2, W. 3.3, SL. 1 | RV.1, RV. 2.1, RV. 2.2, RV. 2.3, RV. 2.4, RV. 2.5, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 3.2, SL. 1 | RV.1, RV. 2.1, RV. 2.2, RV. 2.3, RV. 2.4, RV. 2.5, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 3.2, SL. 1 | RV.1, RV. 2.1, RV. 2.2, RV. 2.3, RV. 2.4, RV. 2.5, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 3.2, SL. 1 | RV.1, RV. 2.1, RV. 2.2, RV. 2.3, RV. 2.4, RV. 2.5, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 3.2, SL. 1 | RV.1, RV. 2.1, RV. 2.2, RV. 2.3, RV. 2.4, RV. 2.5, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 3.2, SL. 1 | RV.1, RV. 2.1, RV. 2.2, RV. 2.3, RV. 2.4, RV. 2.5, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 3.2, SL. 1 | RV.1, RV. 2.1, RV. 2.2, RV. 2.3, RV. 2.4, RV. 2.5, RV. 3.1, RV. 3.2, RV. 3.3, W. 3.2, SL. 1 | ||||||||||||

173 | Vowel digraph | two vowels together that represent one phoneme, or sound (e.g., ea, ai, oa) | RF.4.3 | ||||||||||||||||||||||||

174 | Voice | a writer's unique use of language particular to his/her style | W.6.1.b | ||||||||||||||||||||||||

175 | W | ||||||||||||||||||||||||||

176 | Word family | group of words that share a rime (a vowel plus the consonants that follow; e.g., -‐ame, -‐ick,-‐out) | RF.4.5 | RF. 4.5, W. 6.2 | RF. 4.5, W. 6.2 | W. 6.2 |

1 | Word/Symbol | Definition | Process Standards K - 12 | K | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | Algebra I | Algebra II | Calculus | Finite | Geometry | Pre-Calculus (PC) | Probability and Statistics (PS) | Trigonometry (TR) | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

2 | "=" equal | the same value or the same in number | NS 7, 9, 10 CA.3 G.2 | CA.6 G.4 | NS.6 CA.5 G.5 | NS.3,4,6 C.2,4 AT.2,4 G.4 | NS.7 AF.4,6 | AF.3 SDP.7 | AF.1 | L.1-11 SEI.1-4 QE.1 | C.I.2 | T.4,6 | EL.3 | ||||||||

3 | < less than | smaller value or less in number | NS.3, NS.7 NS.9 | NS.5 | M.4 | C.6 | CNE.5 | ||||||||||||||

4 | > greater than | greater value or more in number | NS.7 | C.6 | |||||||||||||||||

5 | 2-d | two dimensional | G.1, G.2, G.3 | G.1 | NS.9 DA.1,2, G.3 | G.2, G.4 | GM.1, GM.4, GM.5, GM.6 | T.8, TS.9 | |||||||||||||

6 | 3-d | three dimensional | G.2 | G.1, G.2, G.3 | G.1, G.3 | GM.6 | GM.1 | TS.1, TS.2, TS.7, TS.8, TS.9 | |||||||||||||

7 | A | ||||||||||||||||||||

8 | AA | angle angle triangle congruence | T.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

9 | absolute value | the distance of a number from zero; the positive value of a number | NS.4 AF.8 | C.2 | L.9,10 | PR.2 | |||||||||||||||

10 | acute triangle | a triangle that has all angles less than 90° | G.2 | T.9 | |||||||||||||||||

11 | addend | the numbers being added together | NO RESULT | ||||||||||||||||||

12 | addition rule | when two events, a and b, are mutually exclusive, the probability that a or b will occur is the sum of the probability of each event p(a or b) = p(a) + p(b) | P.2 | P.1 | |||||||||||||||||

13 | additive inverse | the additive inverse of any number x is the number that gives zero when added to x. the additive inverse of 5 is -5 | C.1,2 | ||||||||||||||||||

14 | adjacent angles | angles that share a common side | G.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

15 | algorithmic | a set of rules for solving a problem with a specific number of steps | C.1 | C.1 | C.1,2 | C.7 | |||||||||||||||

16 | algorithmic approach | a step by step procedure is used in long division | C.1 | C.1 | C.1,2 | C.7 | |||||||||||||||

17 | alternate interior angles | angles that are on opposite sides of the transversal and on the inside of the given lines | PL.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

18 | analog clock | a time piece that has moving hands and hours marked from 1 to 12 to show the time | M.2 | M.5 | M.3 | ||||||||||||||||

19 | analytically | a limit can be calculated analytically by using algebra or calculus. | D.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

20 | analyze | examine in detail | PS.1,3,4 | AF.10 | DS.6 | AD.5 | P.7 | F.9 PE.2 DA.12 ED.2 P.6 | PF.2 | ||||||||||||

21 | angle | the opening that is formed when two lines, line segments, or rays intersect | G.4 | G.2-4 | G.1 2 4 5 | G.2 M.5-6 | G.3-5 M.4-6 | G.1-2 M.2-3 | GM.2 | GM.1,2,4 | GM.3,8 | I.1 | LP.2 PL.1-5 T.1-11 QP.1-3 CI.2-4,7 | UC.1,2 G.1-3, 5-6 PF.6-7 ID.1 | |||||||

22 | angle bisectors | a ray in the interior of an angle that divides the angle into 2 congruent angles | PL.5 | ||||||||||||||||||

23 | antiderivatives | an antiderviative is an integral | I.5 Al.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

24 | arc | a continuous part of a circle | M.5 | G.2 | RNE.1 | CI.1-2,4 | UC.1 | ||||||||||||||

25 | arc length | the length of an arc or a portion of the circle | CI.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

26 | area | the measurement if square units of the interior region of a 2-dimensional figure | M.1 | C.2 M.5-6 | M.4 | M.2-4 | GM.4,6 | C.5 GM.3,5,7 | GM.2 | Al.4,6 | T.5, 8 QP.5 Cl.2,4 TS.5 | DA.2 | CO.6 G.6 | ||||||||

27 | area models | models showing area squares | C.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

28 | area of a sector | the region bounded by 2 radii of the circle and the arc they intercept | NO RESULT | Cl.2 | |||||||||||||||||

29 | area of parallelogram | base times vertical height | NO RESULT | GM.4? | |||||||||||||||||

30 | area of trapezoid | 1/2(length of side a + length of side b) times vertical height | NO RESULT | GM.4? | |||||||||||||||||

31 | area of triangle | 1/2 base times height | M.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

32 | array | items (such as objects, numbers, etc.) arranged in rows and columns | NS.5 | CA.5 | C.2 AT.2 | ||||||||||||||||

33 | ASA | angle side angle triangle congruence | T.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

34 | associative properties | denoting an operation is independent of grouping | C.9 | C.6 | |||||||||||||||||

35 | associative properties of addition and multiplication | changing the groupins of addends or factors does not change the sum or product | C.9 | C.6 | |||||||||||||||||

36 | associative property of addition and multiplication | the way in which numbers are grouped will not change the sum or product | C.P | C.6 | |||||||||||||||||

37 | attribute | a characteristic to describe an object usually within a pattern | PS.7 | G.2 DA.1 | G.1-2 | G.2 | DS.4 | GM.1 | |||||||||||||

38 | average rates of change | the average rate of change of a function is defined as the change in x divided by the change in y | NO RESULT | AF.4? | AF.6? | ||||||||||||||||

39 | average value | Al.5 | |||||||||||||||||||

40 | axes | the "x" and "y" that cross at right angles on a coordinate plane | PS.6 | AT.6 | AF.7 | TS.7 | |||||||||||||||

41 | axiomatic system | a set of statements consisting of postualtes and truths that can be derived from the postulates | LP.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

42 | B | ||||||||||||||||||||

43 | bar graph | a graph drawn using (horizontal or vertical) rectangular bars to show how large each value is | DA.1 | DA.1 | DA.1 | DS.1 | |||||||||||||||

44 | base | the surface that a solid object stands on, or the bottom line of a shape such as a triangle or rectangle | PS.7 | NS.11 | NS.4, CA.5 | NS.7, CA.4 | NS.4, NS.6, NS.8, DA.1 | NS.7, C.2, C.3, G.5 | C.2, C.8, G.2, M.4 | DSP.7 | NS.3 | RNE.5 | LP.2, T.1, TS.6 | EL.1 | DA.9, DA.12 | ||||||

45 | base angles theorem | if 2 sides of a triangle are congruent, then the angles opposite them are congruent | NO RESULT | ||||||||||||||||||

46 | biconditional statement | the conjunction of a conditional statement and its converse | NO RESULT | ||||||||||||||||||

47 | binomial theorem | describes the algebraic expansion of powers of a binomial, "pascal's triangle" | P.9 | ||||||||||||||||||

48 | bin-packing | objects of different volumes must be packed into a finite number of bins or containers each of volume v in a way that minimizes the number of bins used | O.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

49 | bivariate | data that has two variables | DSP.1, DSP.3 | DS.2, DS.3, DS.5 | DSP.2 | EL.4 | DA.8 | ||||||||||||||

50 | box plot | a representation of data based on the minimum, first quartile, median, third quartile,and maximum | DS.2 | DSP.4 | DSP.3 | ||||||||||||||||

51 | box plots | a graphical representation of the median, upper and lower quartiles, minimum and maximum data values using rectangles and lines | DS.2 | DSP.4 | DSP.3 | ||||||||||||||||

52 | box-and-whisker plots | convenient way of graphically depicting groups of numerical data through their quartiles | DA.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

53 | C | ||||||||||||||||||||

54 | calculations | compute an answer | PS.8 | C.4 | |||||||||||||||||

55 | capacity | the amount a container can hold | M.1 | M.1 | M.4 | ||||||||||||||||

56 | categorical data | a set of data is sorted or divided into different categories, according to the attributes of the data | DS.5 | DA.8 | |||||||||||||||||

57 | causation | causal relationship between conduct and result | DS.4 | DA.12 | |||||||||||||||||

58 | centimeter | a centimeter (uk: centimeter) is a measure of length, there are 100 centimeters in a meter. 2.54 cm = 1 inch. the abbreviation is cm | M.1, M.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

59 | central angle | vertex is the center of a circle and whose sides are the radii of the circle | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

60 | central limit theorem | under certain conditions, the sum of many independent identically-distributed random variables, when scaled appropriately, converges in distribution to a standard normal distribution | DA.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

61 | chain rule | the chain rule is a formula for computing the derivative of the composition of two or more functions | D.5 | ||||||||||||||||||

62 | chord | a segment whose endpoints are on a circle | CI.1, CI.3, TS.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

63 | chords in a sphere | a segment whose endpoints are on a sphere | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

64 | circle | the locus/set of all points (x, y) that are the same distance from a fixed point (center,(h, k)) | NS.5 | G.3, G.4 | G.5 | M.5, DA.3 | G.1 | GM.5 | SE.1 | LP.2, QP.5, CI.1, CI.2, CI.3, CI.4, CI.5, CI.6, CI.7, TS.4 | CO.3, CO.6, UC.1, UC.2, UC.3, G.3, PF.7 | ||||||||||

65 | circle graph | a graph made of a circle divided into sectors. also called a pie chart or graph | DA.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

66 | circumference | the distance around the outside of a circle calculated by 2πr or πd | GM.5 | QP.5, CI.4 | CO.6 | ||||||||||||||||

67 | classify | to arrange in groups, by some property | PS.7 | DA.1 | G.1 | G.1 | G.5 | G.2 | EL.3 | ||||||||||||

68 | closed interval | a closed interval is an interval that includes all of its limit points. if the endpoints of the interval are finite numbers a and b, then the interval {x: a<=x<=b } is denoted [a,b]. if one of the endpoints is +/-infinity, then the interval still contains all of its limit points intervals, as is the interval (-infinity, infinity) | LC.11, LC.12, AI.5 | ||||||||||||||||||

69 | clustering | when data seems to be "gathered" around a particular value | DSP.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

70 | coefficient | the numerical factor of a term that contains a variable | AF.1 | L.1, L.11, DS.3 | Q.3, DSP.2 | QPR.4. EL.4 | |||||||||||||||

71 | column | an arrangement of figures, one above the other | CA.5, G.4 | M.2 | DS.5 | MA.1 | LP.4 | ||||||||||||||

72 | combinations | a way of selecting members from a grouping, such that the order of selection does not matter | DSP.6 | P.4 | P.3 | ||||||||||||||||

73 | commutative properties | states that numbers can be added or multiplied in any order | C.9 | C.6 | |||||||||||||||||

74 | commutative property of addition | the property that allows one to change the location of the addends while retaining the same sum; a+b = b+a | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

75 | commutative property of multiplication | the property that allows one to change the location of the factors while retaining the same product; a●b = b●a | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

76 | commutative property of addition and multiplication | the order in which numbers are added or multiplied does not change the sum or product | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

77 | compare | to look at (two or more things) closely in order to see what is similar or different about them or in order to decide which one is better | PS.3 | NS.8, G.2 | NS.4, M.1, DA.1 | NS.3, NS.7, DA.1 | NS.2, NS.8, | NS.2, NS.5, NS.7 | NS.1, C.3 | NS.1, NS.3 | NS.3, DSP.7 | NS.2, AF.7 | QE.1 | DSP.3 | AD.7 | DA.1 | |||||

78 | comparisons | deciding if one number is greater than or less than, or equal to another number | M.1 | NS.4, M.1, DA.1 | NS.7 | NS.8 | NS.5, NS.7, AT.3 | ||||||||||||||

79 | complementary angles | two angles that add to 90 degrees | G.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

80 | complementary events | those events where the probability of one event precludes the happening of the other event | P.5 | P.4 | |||||||||||||||||

81 | complex shapes | a shape made by two or more basic shapes being put together | M.4 | GM.4 | |||||||||||||||||

82 | compliment | elements not in the set of question | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

83 | compose | to create numbers by putting together smaller parts | PS.7 | CA.3, G.4 | NS.2, CA.5, G.3 | CA.4 | C.5, M.4 | M.6 | GM.4 | GM.6 | |||||||||||

84 | composing | to put together | G.3 | CA.1, G.4 | G.3 | M.4 | GM.4 | ||||||||||||||

85 | composite numbers | a composite number is a positive integer which has more factors than 1 and itself | NS.6 | ||||||||||||||||||

86 | composite shape | a shape that can be divided into more than 1 of the basic geometric figures. (triangle, | G.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

87 | parallelogram, circle, etc.) | ||||||||||||||||||||

88 | compound events | consists of two or more simple events | DSP.5 | ||||||||||||||||||

89 | compute | calculate; mathematically solve | PS.2, PS.5 | C.2, C.4, GM.6 | C.5, C.7, GM.7 | DS.3 | DSP.2 | MA.6 | T.8 | EL.4 | DA.2, DA.4, P.8 | V.3 | |||||||||

90 | concavity | the graph of f is concave upward on the interval if f' is increasing on the interval and concave downward on the interval if f' is decreasing on the interval | AD.5, AD.6 | ||||||||||||||||||

91 | conditional probabilities | measures the probability of an event given that another event has occurred | DA.6 | ||||||||||||||||||

92 | conditional statement | a statement that can be written in the if-then form | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

93 | cone | a three- dimensional solid with one curved surface and one flat, circular surface. the pointed end of a cone is its apex | G.3 | G.1 | GM.1, GM.2 | TS.3, TS.5 | CO.6 | ||||||||||||||

94 | confidence intervals | a type of interval estimate of a population parameter and is used to indicate the reliability of an estimate | DA.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

95 | congruent | having the same measure. congruent polygons have the same size and shape | GM.4 | PL.3, PL.5, T.1, T.3, T.5, QP.1, CI.1, TR.1, TS.3 | |||||||||||||||||

96 | congruent angles | having exactly the same measure in degrees | PL.3, PL.5,T.1,T.5? | ||||||||||||||||||

97 | congruent concentric circles | 2 or more coplanar circles that share the same center | CI.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

98 | congruent segments | having exactly the same measure of length | PL.5 | ||||||||||||||||||

99 | congruent triangles | having exactly the same side and angle measures | T.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

100 | conjecture | opinion or conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete information | PS.1, PS.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

101 | constant of proportionality | the constant value of the ratio of two proportional quantities x and y; usually written y = kx, where k is the factor (constant) of proportionality | AF.7 | ||||||||||||||||||

102 | constraint | limitation or restriction-a restriction on what answers are allowed | PS.1 | AF.6 | TS.6 | ||||||||||||||||

103 | continuity | a function f is continuous at c if the following conditions are met: f( c) is defined, the limit of f(x) as x approaches c exists, and the limit of f(x) equals f( c) as x approaches c. limit of f(x) as x approaches c exists, and the limit of f(x) equals f( c) as x approaches c. continuity doesn't imply differentiability continuity doesn't imply differentiability | LC.1, LC.2, LC.3, LC.4, LC.5, LC.6, LC.7, LC.8, LC.9, LC.10, LC.11, LC.12, D.10 | F.7 | |||||||||||||||||

104 | contrapositive | the statement formed by negating both the hypothesis and conclusion of the converse of a conditional statement | LP.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

105 | converse | the statement formed by exchanging the hypothesis and conclusion of a conditional statement | LP.3, T.1, T.6 | ||||||||||||||||||

106 | conversion factors | an arithmetical multiplier for converting a quantity expressed in one set of units into an equivalent expressed in another | GM.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

107 | conversions | a change in the form of a measurement, different units, without a change in the size or amount | M.1 | GM.1 | C.6 | ||||||||||||||||

108 | convert | change | M.1 | NS.5, GM.1 | NS.1 | EL.1, PE.1 | |||||||||||||||

109 | coordinate plane | the flat surface determined by a horizontal number line, called the x-axis, and a vertical number line, called the y-axis, intersecting at a point called the origin | AT.6. AT.7 | AF.7, AF.8, AF.9, GM.3 | AF.6 | GM.9 | T.2, QP.2, T.8, TS.7, TS.8 | UC.2, PC.2 | |||||||||||||

110 | coordinate proof | involves a figure in the coordinate plane | QP.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

111 | coordinates | a set of values that show an exact position | AT.6 | AF.7, AF.8, GM.3 | AF.8 | GM.6 | SEI.1 | TS.7 | PCN.1, PCN.2, PCN.3, PCN.4 | PF.7, PC.1, PC.2 | |||||||||||

112 | correlation | a relation between two variables, does not imply causation | DS.3, DS.4 | DSP.2 | EL.4 | DA.12 | |||||||||||||||

113 | corresponding angles | when a transversal intersects 2 lines the angles formed on the same side of the transversal and on the same side of the given lines | G.PL.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

114 | count | to name or list the units of a group or collection one by one in order to determine a total | PS.3 | NS.1, NS.2, NS.4, NS.5, NS.6, NS.7 | NS.1, NS.5, CA.1 | NS.1, NS.5, G.4 | DS.1 | DSP.6 | DSP.6 | P.4 | LP.1 | P.3 | UC.2 | ||||||||

115 | counterexample | an exception to a proposed rule | PS.3 | LP.1 | |||||||||||||||||

116 | counting on | the addition strategy of beginning at the larger number and then counting on the other number | CA.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

117 | critical-path analysis | algorithm for scheduling a set of project activities | N.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

118 | cross product | each element of one set is matched with the elements of another set | S.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

119 | cross section | the intersection of a plane and solid | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

120 | cube | a three- dimensional geometrical solid with six square faces | G.3 | G.1, G.2 | G.1 | M.4 | GM.5 | ||||||||||||||

121 | cumulative frequency distribution functions | describes the probability that a real-valued random variable x with a given probability distribution will be found to have a value less than or equal to x | DA.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

122 | cup | a measure of volume in the us and imperial systems of measurement. a cup equals a half pint or eight fluid ounces | M.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

123 | cylinder | a three -dimensional solid with two circular bases that are opposite and parallel to each other | G.3 | G.1 | GM.6, GM.7 | GM.1 | TS.3, TS.5 | CO.6 | |||||||||||||

124 | D | ||||||||||||||||||||

125 | data | a representation of a fact or figure. data can be the basis of graphs or observations | PS.3 | DA.1 | DA.1 | DA.1 | DA.1, DA.2 | DA.1, DA.2, DA.3 | DS.1, DS.2 | DS.1, DS.2, DS.3, DS.4 | DSP.1, DSP.2, DSP.3, DSP.4, DSP.5, DSP.6, DSP.7 | DSP.1, DSP.2, DSP.3, DSP.4, DSP.5, DSP.6 | DS.1, DS.2, DS.3, DS.4, DS.5, DS.6 | DSP.1, DSP.2, DSP.3, DSP.4, DSP.5, DSP.6 | EL.4 | DA.1, DA.2, DA.3, DA.4, DA.5, DA.6, DA.7, DA.8, DA.9, DA.10, DA.11, DA.12, ED.1, ED.2, P.7 | PF.1 | ||||

126 | data distribution | an arrangement of values showing their frequency of occurrence | DS.4 | DSP.4 | P.7 | ||||||||||||||||

127 | data sets | a collection of related information that is made of separate elements but can be manipulated as a unit | DS.4 | DSP.3 | DA.2 | ||||||||||||||||

128 | decimal expansion | the decimal expansion of a number is its representation in base-10 (i.e., in the decimal system) example the decimal expansion of 1/6 is the answer to 1÷6in decimal form | NS.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

129 | decimal number | a numeral that contains a decimal point | NS.6 | NS.5 | |||||||||||||||||

130 | decimal point | a symbol used to separate the ones place from the tenths place in a decimal number (or dollars from cents in money) | NS.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

131 | decompose | the process of separating numbers into smaller components | CA.3 | CA.4 | C.5 | ||||||||||||||||

132 | decomposing | deconstructing; taking apart piece by piece | CA.1, G.4 | G.3 | M.4 | GM.4 | |||||||||||||||

133 | decomposing a number | breaking apart a number to aide in addition or subtraction | CA.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

134 | decreasing behavior of f and the sign of f' | if f' is negative, the slope of f is decreasing | AD.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

135 | defining attribute | a feature of a shape that is true for all instances of that shape | G.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

136 | demoivre’s theorem | NO RESULTS | |||||||||||||||||||

137 | denominator | the number below the fraction bar which describes the number of equal parts into v which the whole has been divided | NS.8 | NS.5, C.5, C.6, AT.5 | C.4, AT.2 | RNE.5 | |||||||||||||||

138 | dependent events | two events are dependent if the outcome or occurrence of the first affects the outcome or occurrence of the second so that the probability is changed | DSP.5 | P.3 | P.2 | ||||||||||||||||

139 | dependent variable | a variable in an expression, equation, or function that has its value determined by the choice of value(s) if the other variables | AF.10 | AF.3 | F.2 | F.3 | |||||||||||||||

140 | dependent variable | a value that changes or depends on the independent variable | AF.10 | AF.3 | F.2 | F.3 | |||||||||||||||

141 | describe | to say what something or someone is like | NS.4, G.1, G.2 | CA.5, G.1, G.4 | CA.4, G.1, G.5, M.1, M.3, M.6 | G.1, G.3 | C.2, C.3, AT.6, G.1, G.4 | C.2, C.8, G.1, DS.2 | NS.1, NS.8, DS.1, DS.4 | AF.4, AF.9, GM.2, DSP.4 | AF.4, AF.5, AF.6, GM.1, GM.4, GM.5, GM.6, DSP.1, DSP.2, DSP.4 | F.2, F.4, QE.7, DS.1, DS.2, DS.5 | F.5, EL.2, EL.5, PR.2 | LC.6 | N.6, P.8 | LP.1, PL.2, CI.3, TR.1, TS.1, TS.2, TS.4 | F.6, F.7, F.8, F.10, QPR.2 | P.10 | CO.5 | ||

142 | determinant | a value associated with a square matrix. it can be computed from the entries of the matrix by a specific arithmetic expression | MA.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

143 | deviation | the amount a single measurement differs from a fixed value | DS.4 | DSP.3 | DSP.3 | DA.2 | |||||||||||||||

144 | diameter | a straight line going through the center of a circle connecting two points on the circumference | G.1 | CI.1, CI.3 | |||||||||||||||||

145 | difference | the answer in a subtraction problem | G.2 | DS.1 | NS.4 | C.2 | NS.1, AF.5 | RNE.6, QE.1, | DSP.1 | LC.3 | LP.1 | PCN.1 | DA.4, ED.9 | CO.4 | |||||||

146 | differentiability | differentiability implies continuity | D.10 | ||||||||||||||||||

147 | digit | a symbol used to make numerals 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 are the ten digits we use in everyday numbers. | PS.5 | NS.4, NS.5, NS.6, CA.5, M.2 | NS.6, NS.7, CA.4 | NS.9 | NS.8, NS.9, C.1, C.2, C.3, AT.1 | NS.3, C.1, C.2 | C.1 | ||||||||||||

148 | digital clock | a clock or watch that shows the time using numbers, not hands | M.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

149 | dilation | a transformation in which a similar image is formed by enlarging or reducing its | GM.5, GM.6 | TR.2 | |||||||||||||||||

150 | dilation | a type of transformation that results from the reduction or enlargement of a figure preimage | |||||||||||||||||||

151 | dime | 10 cents | G.2 | G.1, G.2, G.3, M.3 | G.1G.3, M.7 | G.3 | G.2, G.4 | GM.6 | GM.1, GM.4, GM.5, GM.6, GM.8 | MA.1 | T.8, TS.1, TS.2, TS.3, TS.4, TS.5, TS.6, TS.7, TS.8, TS.9 | ||||||||||

152 | directed graph | a graph, or set of nodes connected by edges, where the edges have a direction associated with them | N.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

153 | distance | the space between two points | M.3 | AT.6 | NS.4, AF.8 | C.1, C.2 | AF.7, GM.9 | AD.10 | T.8, TS.7, TS.8 | PCN.1 | CO.4 | ||||||||||

154 | distribution | the way data is spread over an area center: average of the data or the statistical center of the data (median) | DS.1, DS.4 | DSP.4 | DSP.4 | P.6, P.9 | DA.1, DA.2, DA.9, ED.3, ED.4, ED.5, P.5, P.7, P.8 | ||||||||||||||

155 | distributive | to multiply a sum by a number, multiply each addened by the number outside the parentheses | C.7 | C.9 | NS.7, C.6, AF.2 | C.3, AF.1 | AF.1 | CNE.1 | |||||||||||||

156 | distributive property | the sum of two addends multiplied by a number is the sum of the product of each addend and the number. for example, a(b+c)= ab + ac | C.7 | C.9 | NS.7, C.6 | C.3 | AF.1 | ||||||||||||||

157 | dividends | the number that is divided by another number in a division operation | C.3 | C.2 | |||||||||||||||||

158 | division | an operation that tells how many equal groups there are or how many are in each group | C.3, C.5, C.6, AT.2, AT.3, AT.5 | C.3, AT.2, M.3 | NS.2, C.2, AT.1, AT.4, AT.5 | C.4 | CNE.3, CNE.5 | I.2 | QPR.3 | ||||||||||||

159 | divisor | a number by which another number is divided. in a / b = c, b is the divisor | C.3 | C.2 | C.4 | ||||||||||||||||

160 | double number line diagram | a method of showing unit rates and rates using two number lines set equal to each other | NS.10 | ||||||||||||||||||

161 | E | ||||||||||||||||||||

162 | edge | a line segment where 2 faces of a polyhedron meet | G.3 | G.1, G.4 | G.1, M.4, M.5 | GM.5 | N.6 | PL.5, T.3, TS.1 | |||||||||||||

163 | election theory | the mathematical treatment of the process by which democratic societies or groups resolve the many and conflicting opinions of the members of the group into a single choice of the group | ED.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

164 | element | the distinct objects in a set | F.1 | S.1, N.6 | |||||||||||||||||

165 | endpoint | the last point on a segment or ray | NS.4, NS.5 | G.3, M.5 | PL.3 | PCN.1 | |||||||||||||||

166 | english measure | a standard system of measurements based on the inch, pound, and fahrenheit degrees | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

167 | equal | exactly the same amount or value | PS.6, PS.7 | NS.7, NS.9, NS.10, CA.3, G.2 | CA.6, G.4 | NS.6, CA.5, G.5 | NS.3, NS.4, NS.6, C.2, C.4, AT.2, AT.4, G.4 | NS.7, AF.4, AF.6 | AF.3, DSP.7 | AF.1 | L.1, L.2, L.3, L.4, L.5, L.6, L.7, L.8, L.9, L.10, L.11, SEI.1, SEI.2, SEI.3, SEI.4, QE.1 | I.2 | T.4, T.6 | EL.3 | |||||||

168 | equal sign | the symbol = shows that what is on the left of the sign is equal in value or amount to what is on the right of the sign | PS.6 | CA.6 | |||||||||||||||||

169 | equal-sized groups | groups of the same quantity | C.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

170 | equation | a mathematical sentence that uses the equal sign (=) to show that two expressions are equal | PS.7 | CA.3, CA.4 | CA.2, CA.3, CA.4, CA.6 | CA.2, CA.3, CA.5 | AT.1, AT.2, AT.3, AT.4, AT.5 | AT.1, AT.3, AT.4, AT.5, AT.6 | AT.1, AT.2, AT.3, AT.4, AT.5, AT.7 | NS.10, C.4, AF.4, AF.5, AF.10 | AF.2, AF.7, AF.9 | NS.4, AF.1, AF.2, AF.5, AF.7, AF.8, DSP.3 | F.1, F.3, L.1, L.2, L.3, L.4, L.5, L.6, L.7, L.8, L.9, L.10, L.11, SEI.1, SEI.2, SEI.3, SEI.4, QE.1, QE.2, QE.3, QE.4, QE.5, QE.6, QE.7 | F.1, SE.1, SEII.2, SEII.3, Q.1, Q.2, Q.3, EL.1, EL.2, EL.3, EL.4, EL.5, EL.6, EL.7, PR.1, PR.2, PR.3 | AI.2, AI.3 | MA.1, MA.5 | PL.4 | F.4, F.8, QPR.1, QPR.2, QPR.3, QPR.4, EL.1, EL.2, EL.3, EL.4, PE.1, PE.2 | CO.1, CO.2, CO.3, CO.4, PF.4, PC.2 | ||

171 | equilateral triangle | a triangle with all three sides of equal length and the three angles will be 60° | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

172 | equivalence | state of having the same value, function, meaning | C.6 | ||||||||||||||||||

173 | equivalent | two or more sets that name the same amount | NS.11 | NS.6, CA.1 | NS.2 | NS.1, NS.6, NS.7 | NS.1, NS.3, NS.4, NS.6, C.6, M.2 | NS.5, NS.10, AF.2, AF.9 | AF.1, AF.6 | NS.3, AF.2 | RNE.5, L.6 | CNE.4, EL.4 | |||||||||

174 | equivalent expressions | algebraic or numerical expressions with the same value | NS.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

175 | equivalent form | a number represented in a way that has the same value | NS.11 | NS.6 | NS.2 | NS.1 | NS.1 | RNE.5, L.6 | CNE.4 | ||||||||||||

176 | equivalent fraction | an equivalent fraction has an equal value or area. it does not have to be the same shape to be equivalent | NS.7 | NS.4, C.6 | |||||||||||||||||

177 | equivalent linear expressions | expressions which are equal and make straight lines when graphed | AF.2 | AF.1 | |||||||||||||||||

178 | equivalent ratios | two ratios which have the same value when simplified | NS.10, AF.9 | AF.6 | |||||||||||||||||

179 | estimate | a close guess of the actual value, usually with some thought or calculation involved | M.2, M.4 | M.1, M.2 | AT.2 | DSP.2 | NS.2 | LC.1 | P.10 | DA.2, DA.4, DA.10 | |||||||||||

180 | evaluate | to determine an amount | PS.1, PS.8 | C.9, AT.8 | C.5, C.6, AF.1, AF.3 | DSP.7 | DS.1 | EL.6 | I.5 | DA.1, DA.12 | PF.4 | ||||||||||

181 | even | any integer that can be divided exactly by 2. the last digit will be 0, 2, 4, 6 or 8 | M.2 | NS.2, M.2 | NS.5, NS.6 | NS.4 | DSP.5, DSP.6, DSP.7 | NS.1, DSP.4, DSP.5, DSP.6 | |||||||||||||

182 | even function | for every (x, y) there exists (-x, y) | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

183 | expanded form | the numbers written as the sum of the values of each of its digits | NS.2 | NS.1 | NS.1, NS.6 | ||||||||||||||||

184 | experiment | a test or investigation | DA.1 | DA.1 | DS.1 | GM.3 | DS.1 | DSP.1 | TR.2 | F.6 | ED.1, ED.2, ED.3, ED.4, ED.5, ED.6, ED.7, ED.8, ED.9 | ||||||||||

185 | exponents | a mathematical notation that implies the number of times a number is to be multiplied by itself. "x" in the expression a^x | NS.4 | C.5, C.6, AF.1 | NS.1 | NS.3 | RNE.3, RNE.5 | CNE.2, CNE.4, EL.4, EL.6 | |||||||||||||

186 | expression | a mathematical phrase containing only numbers and operational symbols; no equal sign is present | PS.7 | C.9, AT.8 | C.6, AF.1, AF.2, AF.3 | AF.1 | NS.2, NS.3, AF.1 | RNE.1, RNE.2, RNE.3, RNE.4, RNE.5, RNE.6, RNE.7, QE.7 | CNE.1, CNE.2, CNE.3, CNE.4, CNE.5, CNE.6, EL.4, EL.6 | QP.5, TS.5 | F.6, EL.2 | ID.2 | |||||||||

187 | extend | to continue in a specified direction | CA.5 | CA.7 | CA.7 | AT.6 | C.3 | ||||||||||||||

188 | exterior angle | formed at the side of a polygon and an extension of an adjacent side | PL.3, QP.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

189 | exterior angle theorem | the measure of an exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the measures of the 2 nonadjacent interior angles | |||||||||||||||||||

190 | extrapolation | an estimation of a value based on extending a known sequence of values or facts beyond the area that is certainly known | DSP.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

191 | extreme value theorem | if f is continuous on a closed interval [a, b], then f has both a minimum and maximum on the interval. relative minimum is the least possible value of f over an open interval. relative maximum is the greatest possible value of f over an open interval. the absolute minimum is the least possible value on the entire function f. the absolute maximum is the greatest possible value on the entire function f | LC.12 | ||||||||||||||||||

192 | F | ||||||||||||||||||||

193 | face | a plane figure that serves as 1 side of a solid figure | G.1 | G.1 | GM.6 | GM.7 | GM.2 | TS.1, TS.5 | |||||||||||||

194 | factor | is when whole numbers other than zero are multiplied together, each number is a factor of the product. an integer that divides into another integer exactly | NS.8 | C.3 | NS.7, GM.1 | NS.1, AF.1 | RNE.6, QE.1, QE.4, QE.6. QE.7 | CNE.4, | TR.2 | QPR.3 | |||||||||||

195 | factoring | taking a number or an algebraic expression and breaking it apart into its factor | AF.1 | QE.4, QE.6 | CNE.4, | ||||||||||||||||

196 | find mentally | determine the answer without pencil, paper, or calculator | NS.5 | ||||||||||||||||||

197 | finite-sample distribution | is the probability distribution of a given statistic based on a random sample | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

198 | flowchart | a type of diagram that represents an algorithm, workflow, or process showing steps and their order | PS.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

199 | fluency | "computational fluency refers to having efficient and accurate methods for computing. students exhibit computational fluency when they demonstrate flexibility in the computational methods they choose, understand and can explain these methods, and produce accurate answers efficiently." nctm principles and standards for school mathematics | CA.1 | C.6 | |||||||||||||||||

200 | fluently | easily | CA.1 | C.1 | C.1, C.4 | C.1 | C.1, C.2, AF.5 | C.7 | |||||||||||||

201 | foot | foot or feet is the customary unit of length. feet` is the plural of `foot’. 1 foot = 12 | M.1, M.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

202 | inches feet are abbreviated as `ft.’ | ||||||||||||||||||||

203 | formula | numbers and symbols that show how to work something out or a special type of | PS.4, PS.8 | M.4, DA.1 | M.3, M.5, DS.1 | AF.1, GM.5, DS.3 | GM.5 | L.11, QE.4 | Q.2, EL.1, | T.8, QP.5, CI.1, TS.8 | QPR.1 | ED.1 | CO.6, G.6, PF.5, PF.6 | ||||||||

204 | equation that shows the relationship between different variables | ||||||||||||||||||||

205 | formulate | state systematically and in an organized way | DA.1 | DS.1 | DS.3 | ED.1 | |||||||||||||||

206 | fourths and quarters | four equal parts of a whole | G.4 | G.5, M.7 | DA.2 | NS.6 | NS.5 | ||||||||||||||

207 | fraction | a part of a whole, usually expressed in the form a/b a symbol, such as 1/2 or 2/3, that names equal parts of a whole. the numerator tells how many equal parts are being described and is the number above the fraction bar. the denominator indicates the total number of equal parts into which the whole has been divided. it is the number below the fraction bar | NS.3, NS.4, NS.5, NS.6, NS.7, NS.8, G.4 | NS.3, NS.4, NS.5, NS.6, C.5, C.6, AT.5, M.3, M.5, DA.2 | NS.1, NS.2, C.4, C.5, C.6, C.7, AT.2, AT.3, AT.4, M.2 | NS.5, C.2, C.3, C.4, GM.5 | C.3, C.5 | DSP.4 | L.1 | ||||||||||||

208 | frequency data | how often an event occurs or a number appears | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

209 | frequency polygons | graphical device for understanding the shapes of distributions, serve the same purpose of histograms | DA.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

210 | frequency table | a table that lists items and uses tally marks to record and show the number of times they occur. a way of organizing data in columns and rows | DA.1 | DA.1 | DS.1 | DA.6 | |||||||||||||||

211 | function | a relation in which each element of the input is paired with exactly one element of the output according to a specified rule | AF.1, AF.2, AF.3, AF.4, AF.5, AF.6, AF.7, AF.8, AF.9, AF.10 | AF.1, AF.2, AF.3, AF.4, AF.5, AF.6, AF.7, AF.8, AF.9 | AF.1, AF.2, AF.3, AF.4, AF.5, AF.6, AF.7, AF.8 | F.1, F.2, F.3, F.4, L.1, L.2, L.3, L.4, L.5, L.6, L.7, L.8, L.9, L.10, L.11, QE.1, QE.2, QE.3, QE.4, QE.5, QE.6, QE.7, DS.3 | F.1, F.2, F.3, F.4, F.5, Q.1, Q.2, Q.3, EL.1, EL.2, EL.3, EL.4, EL.5, EL.6, EL.7, PR.1, PR.2, PR.3, DSP.2 | LC.4, LC.9, LC.10, LC.11, D.3, D.5, D.6, D.7, AD.3, AD.6, AD.8, I.5, I.8, AI.1, AI.5 | F.1, F.2, F.3, F.4, F.5, F.6, F.7, F.8, F.9, F.10, QPR.1, QPR.2, QPR.3, QPR.4, EL.1, EL.2, EL.3, EL.4, | DA.1, DA.11 | UC.2, UC.3, PF.1, PF.2, PF.3, PF.4, PF.5, PF.6, PF.7 | ||||||||||

212 | G | ||||||||||||||||||||

213 | geometric distribution | either of two discrete probability distributions: the probability distribution of the number x of bernoulli trials needed to get one success, supported on the set { 1, 2, 3, ...} the probability distribution of the number y = x − 1 of failures before the first success, supported on the set { 0, 1, 2, 3, ... } | ED.5 | ||||||||||||||||||

214 | geometric mean | a type of mean or average, which indicates the central tendency or typical value of a set of numbers by using the product of their values. in the proportion a/m = m/b; m is the positive number | T.7 | DA.2 | |||||||||||||||||

215 | geometrically | a derivative f'(x) can be found geometrically by calculating the slope of line tangent to f(x) at x | D.1, I.8 | ||||||||||||||||||

216 | graph | a diagram of values, usually shown as lines or bars | PS.4 | DA.1 | DA.1 | DA.1, DA.3 | AT.6, AT.7, DS.1 | AF.7, AF.8, AF.10, DS.2, DS.3 | AF.3, AF.5, AF.6, AF.7, AF.8, AF.9 | C.2, AF.3, AF.4, AF.5, AF.6, AF.7, AF.8 | F.1, F.2, F.3, F.4, L.4, L.5, L.7, L10, SEI.1, SEI.4, QE.1, QE.2, QE.7, DS.2 | F.1, F.4, F.5, SE.1, Q.1, Q.2, EL.2, EL.5, PR.2, DSP.3 | LC.1, AD.7, I.5 | N.4, N.5, N.6 | LP.4, PL.4, TS.6, TS.7 | F.1, F.4, F.6, WPR.2, EL.3 | DA.1, P.7 | CO.1, CO.5, PF.2, PC.2, V.2 | |||

217 | graphical representation | a picture of the data in an organized way (could use coordinate plane, charts, or plots | DS.2, DS.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

218 | graphing 3-d distance | a system of locating a point in space by its distance from the origin along 3 mutually perpendicular lines (x, y, and z axes) | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

219 | great circles | formed by the intersection of a sphere and a plane that includes the center of a the sphere | TS.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

220 | greater than | bigger. the symbol > means greater than (the symbol < means less than) | NS.7 | NS.4 | NS.2 | NS.1, C.6 | |||||||||||||||

221 | greatest common factor | the largest number that divides exactly into two or more numbers | NS.7 | ||||||||||||||||||

222 | H | ||||||||||||||||||||

223 | half | one of two equal parts of a whole | G.3, G.4, M.2 | G.5, M.5 | T.1 | PF.6 | |||||||||||||||

224 | half-hour | one half of an hour is 30 minutes, sometimes called half past or half past the hour | M.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

225 | halves | two equal parts of a whole | G.4 | G.5 | DA.2 | NS.6 | NS.5 | ||||||||||||||

226 | hamiltonian path | a path in an undirected or directed graph that visits each vertex exactly once | N.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

227 | harmonic mean | one of several kinds of average. typically, it is appropriate for situations when the average of rates is desired | DA.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

228 | hexagon | a 6-sided flat shape with straight sides | G.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

229 | hierarchy | a series of ordered groupings within a system | G.2 | RNE.1 | |||||||||||||||||

230 | hinge theorem | if 2 sides of 1 triangle are congruent to 2 sides of another triangle and the included angle of the 1st triangle is larger than the included angle of the 2nd then the 3rd side of the 1st is longer than the 3rd side of the second | T.6 | ||||||||||||||||||

231 | histograms | a graphical display of data. the data is grouped into ranges, and then plotted as bars. similar to a bar graph, but each bar represents a range of data | DS.2 | DA.1 | |||||||||||||||||

232 | hundredths | one out of one hundred equal parts | NS.6, NS.7 | C.8, AT.5 | |||||||||||||||||

233 | hypotenuse | the side opposite the right angle | T.7 | ||||||||||||||||||

234 | hypothesis test | method of statistical inference using data from a scientific study | DA.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

235 | I | ||||||||||||||||||||

236 | identical wholes | wholes that are the same size and shape | G.5 | ||||||||||||||||||

237 | identify | to know, to find out, or to show what something is | C.6, AF.2 | AF.1 | MA.2, MA.4 | ID.1 | |||||||||||||||

238 | identity matric | the unit matrix of size n | MA.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

239 | identity properties | a number that can be added to (or multiplied by) any second number without changing the second number | NO RESULTS | NO RESULTS | |||||||||||||||||

240 | identity properties of addition and | the sum of 0 and 'a' is always 'a' and the product of 1 and 'a' is always 'a'. when | NO RESULTS | NO RESULTS | |||||||||||||||||

241 | multiplication | adding the inverse of an integer the sum is '0' | |||||||||||||||||||

242 | identity property of addition | zero can be added to a number and it will keep its identity | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

243 | identity property of multiplication | one can be multiplied to a number and it will keep its identity | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

244 | implicitly-defined functions. | differentiation is taking place with respect to x for every variable, which means that when you differentiate a term involving y, you must apply the chain rule | D.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

245 | improper fraction | a fraction with a numerator greater than or equal to the denominator | NS.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

246 | inch | an inch is a measure of length. there are 12 inches in a foot, and 36 inches in a yard. the abbreviation: in. or sometimes the double quote mark " | M.1, M.2 | M.2, DA.2 | M.1 | ||||||||||||||||

247 | increasing behavior of f and the sign of f' | if f' is positive, the slope of f is increasing | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

248 | independent events | two events, a and b, are independent if the fact that a occurs does not affect the probability of b occurring | DSP.5 | ||||||||||||||||||

249 | independent variable | a variable in an equation, whose values are freely chosen regardless of the values of other variables | AF.10 | AF.3 | F.3 | ||||||||||||||||

250 | indirect proof | assumption that what you are trying to prove is false and this assumption leads to a contradiction | LP.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

251 | inductive reasoning | reasoning in which the premises seek to supply strong evidence for (not absolute proof of) the truth of the conclusion | GM.7 | ||||||||||||||||||

252 | inequality | a mathematical sentence that contains the symbol for 'less than', 'greater than', 'less than or equal to', 'greater than or equal to', or 'not equal to' | AF.4, AF.6 | AF.3 | L.8 | T.6 | |||||||||||||||

253 | inequality in one triangle theorem | if 2 sides of 1 triangle are congruent to 2 sides of another triangle and the included angle of the 1st triangle is larger than the included angle of the 2nd then the 3rd side of the 1st is longer than the 3rd side of the second | T.6 | ||||||||||||||||||

254 | infinitely | the possible solutions are endless | AF.6 | AF.2 | |||||||||||||||||

255 | inscribed | a figure whose vertices are part of another figure. a circle inscribed in a polygon touches each side of the polygon at exactly 1 point | CI.3, CI.4, CI.7 | ||||||||||||||||||

256 | inscribed angle | vertex is on circle whose sides are chords of the circle | CI.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

257 | instantaneous rates of change | the instantaneous rate of change is the slope at one point on a curve | AD.10 | ||||||||||||||||||

258 | integer exponents | in a power, the exponent is the number of times a base is used as a factor. in 3^4, 4 is the exponent. in this case, only integers are used as exponents | NS.3 | RNE.5 | |||||||||||||||||

259 | integer number system | a set of real numbers including natural numbers and their additive inverses and zero | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

260 | integers | the set of numbers containing zero, the natural numbers, and all the negatives of the natural numbers | NS.2, C.4 | RNE.4, RNE.7, L.1 | F.3 | ||||||||||||||||

261 | integrals | integrals are used to find the area of a region. an approximation can be made by using the sum of the areas of the rectangle(s) contained within function and the x- or y- axis | I.1, I.2, I.3, I.4, I.5, I.6, I.7, I.8, AI.1, AI.2, AI.3, AI.4, AI.5, AI.6, AI.7 | ||||||||||||||||||

262 | integration by substitution (or change of variable) | integration by substitution allows changing the basic variable of an integrand (usually x at the start) to another variable (usually u or v). the relationship between the 2 variables must be specified, such as u = 9 - x2. the hope is that by changing the variable of an integrand, the value of the integral will be easier to determine | I.7 | ||||||||||||||||||

263 | interior angle | on the inside of a polygon, formed by the sides of the polygon | GM.2 | PL.3, T.1 | |||||||||||||||||

264 | intermediate value theorem | intermediate value theorem: if f is continuous on the closed interval [a, b] and k is any number between f(a) and f(b), then there is at least one number, c, in [a, b] such that f(c) = k | LC.11 | ||||||||||||||||||

265 | interpolation | an estimation of a value within two known values in a sequence of values | DSP.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

266 | interpret | describe what you found out. explain | PS.4 | DA.1 | C.4, AT.4 | AT.3, DA.1, DA.3 | NS.2, NS.6, AT.7, DS.1 | NS.3, NS.4, NS.8, DS.2, DS.3 | C.1, AF.3, DSP.3 | C.2, AF.5, AF.8, DSP.1, DSP.3 | F.4, L.2, L.5, L.7, L.8, SEI.3, SEI.4, QE.2, QE.5, QE.6, DS.3, DS.5 | SEII.3, Q.1, EL.7, PR.1, DSP.2 | D.1, AD.10, I.3, I.4 | N.3, N.4, P.6, P.7 | F.1, F.2, F.8, EL.3, EL.4 | DA.4, DA.6, DA.11, ED.7, P.5, P.6, P.8 | G.1, PF.4 | ||||

267 | interquartile range | the difference between the lower 25% and the lower 75%, the range the middle 50% lies. also called the midspread or middle fifty, is a measure of statistical dispersion, being equal to the difference between the upper and lower quartiles | DS.4, DPS.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

268 | intersection | the set of elements common to different sets | AF.8 | SE.1 | S.2, P.8 | PL.2, CI.4, P.10 | |||||||||||||||

269 | interval | space between two points | M.5 | NS.4, NS.5, M.3 | M.3 | QE.1 | LC.11, LC.12, I.4, AI.5 | F.1 | DA.4 | ||||||||||||

270 | inverse | the statement formed by negating both the hypothesis and conclusion of a conditional statement. the quantity which cancels out a given quantity | C.3 | AT.2 | NS.3 | C.6, AF.2 | NS.2, C.1, C.2, AF.1 | F.3, F.4, EL.5, EL.6, PR.3 | D.7, AD.8 | MA.3, MA.4 | LP.3 | F.4 | PF.3, PF.4 | ||||||||

271 | inverse functions. | a function g is the inverse function of f if: f(g(x)) = x for each x in the domain of g and g(f(x)) = x for each x in the domain of f | F.3 | D.7 | PF.4 | ||||||||||||||||

272 | inverse operation | an operation that undoes another (ex: subtraction is the inverse operation of addition) | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

273 | inverse properties | an number combined with its inverse equals the identity | NO RESULTS | ||||||||||||||||||

274 | inverse relationship | multiplication and division have an inverse relationship | AT.2 | NS.2 | EL.5, EL.6 | ||||||||||||||||

275 | investigate | to try to get information about | G.3 | DSP.1 | |||||||||||||||||

276 | investigation | formal examination or research | DS.4 | DS.1 | |||||||||||||||||

277 | irrational number | a number that cannot be written as a ratio of two numbers this includes non-terminating and non-repeating decimals, as well as π | NS.3 | NS.1, NS.2 | RNE.2 | ||||||||||||||||

278 | isosceles triangle | a triangle with two equal sides and the angles opposite the equal sides are also equal | G.2 | T.1 | |||||||||||||||||

279 | J | ||||||||||||||||||||

280 | justify | to show an answer is correct using support and mathematical fact | PS.3 | NS.8 | NS.5, NS.7 | C.6, AF.2 | AF.1 | L.1 | DSP.1 | PL.1, PL.5, T.3, QP.3, CI.6 | F.4 | ||||||||||

281 | |||||||||||||||||||||

282 | L | ||||||||||||||||||||

283 | Law of large numbers | a theorem that describes the result of performing the same experiment a large number of times | DSP.4 | P.10 | |||||||||||||||||

284 | least | the smallest in size, amount, degree, etc. | NS.1, NS.9 | NS.1 | NS.1 | NS.7 | F.2 | DA.11 | |||||||||||||

285 | least common multiple | the smallest number that is a multiple of two or more numbers | NS.7 | ||||||||||||||||||

286 | least squares regression | mathematical procedure for finding the best-fitting curve to a given set of points by minimizing the sum of the squares of the offsets) of the points from the curve | F.2 | DA.11 | |||||||||||||||||

287 | length | distance. how far from end to end | G.2, M.1 | M.1 | CA.3, M.2, M.3 | NS.5, M.2, M.5, M.6, M.7, DA.2 | M.1 | M.2, M.4, M.5 | GM.3, GM.5 | C.5, GM.3 | GM.3, GM.8 | T.1, T.8, QP.5, CI.2, CI.4 | UC.1 | ||||||||

288 | less than | smaller. the symbol < means less than (the symbol > means greater than) | NS.3, NS.7, NS.9, CA.3 | NS.4 | M.4 | NS.2 | NS. 1, C.6 | NS.7 | CNE.5 | ||||||||||||

289 | like terms | terms that contain the same variable | AF.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

290 | limits | a limit is the function value as the x-value gets arbitrarily close to a single number from both the positive and negative directions | LC.1, LC.2, LC.3, LC.4, LC.5, LC.6, LC.7, LC.8, LC.9, LC.10, LC.11, LC.12 | F.7 | |||||||||||||||||

291 | line | is made up of points, it has no thickness or width | NS.5 | NS.2 | NS.4, NS.5, NS.6, C.2, G.3, DA.2 | G.2, G.4, G.5, DA.1, DA.2 | NS.1, DS.1 | NS.2, NS.3, NS.4, NS.10, AF.6, DS.2 | NS.3, C.2, AF.5, AF.6, DSP.4 | NS.8, GM.3 | QE.6 | F.4, Q.2, PR.2, DSP.3 | AD.11, AI.1 | LP.2, PL.1, PL.2, PL.3, PL.4, PL.5, T.1, T.8, QP.4, CI.5, CI.6, TR.2 | G.6, PF.2 | ||||||

292 | line graph | a graph that uses points connected by lines to show how something changes in value (as time goes by, or as something else happens) | ds.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

293 | line plot | shows data on a number line with x or other marks to show frequency | DSP.3 | DSP.3 | DSP.3 | DA.1, DSP.3 | DA.1,2, DSP.3 | DS.1, DSP.3 | DS.2, DSP.3 | DSP.4, DSP.3 | DSP.3 | DSP.3 | DSP.3 | DSP.3 | DSP.3 | DSP.3 | DSP.3 | DSP.3 | DSP.3 | ||

294 | line segment | a part of a line with two distinct endpoints. it has a starting point and stopping point | G.3 | GM.3 | LP.2, PL.3,T.8, TR.2 | ||||||||||||||||

295 | linear | relating to a line; straight | AT.8 | AF.2 | AF.1, 4, 9 | AF.1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, DSP.1, 2, 3 | F.2, L.1, 2, 3, 4, 5,6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, SEI.1, 2, 3, 4, QE1, DS.3, | SE.1, SEII.2, 3,DSP.2 | AD.2 | MA.5 | F.2 | DA.5, 11 | |||||||||

296 | linear association | linear relationships can be expressed in a graphical format where the variable and the constant are connected via a straight line or in a mathematical format where the independent variable is multiplied by the slope coefficient, added by a constant, which determines the dependent variable | DSP. 1, 2 | ||||||||||||||||||

297 | linear equation | a first order equation involving two variables: its graph is a straight line in the cartesian coordinate system | AF.1, 2, 8 | L.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, SEI.1, 2,3, | SE.1, SEII.2, 3 | MA.5 | |||||||||||||||

298 | linear expression | a expression with a constant and a variable which defines a finite number of solutions to the variable | AT.8 | AF.2 | AF.1 | ||||||||||||||||

299 | linear function | a function defined by an equation of the formf(x) = y = mx+b. a function whose graph is a straight line | AF.4, 9 | AF.5, 7 | L.4, 5, 6, QE.1, DS.3 | ||||||||||||||||

300 | linear inequality | a mathematical sentence that contains ≤, ≥, <, or > | L.8 | ||||||||||||||||||

301 | linear transformation | a mapping v ↦ w between two modules (including vector spaces) that preserves the operations of addition and scalar multiplication | L.8 | ||||||||||||||||||

302 | local linear approximation. | local linear approximation is using the tangent line at a point to approximate relative points | AD.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

303 | logarithmic differentiation. | using logarithmic properties to simplify differentiation involving products, quotients and power of the second derivative is positive in a given interval, then the graph in that interval is concave up. if the second derivative is negative in a given interval, then the graph in that interval is concave down | D.9 | ||||||||||||||||||

304 | |||||||||||||||||||||

305 | M | V.3 | |||||||||||||||||||

306 | magnitude | ordering or ranking of a number | NS.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

307 | making ten | the addition strategy of decomposing one of the addends so that 10 can be made and then adding the remaining number left | CA.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

308 | margin of error | a statistic expressing the amount of random sampling error in a survey's results | DA.4, 10 | ||||||||||||||||||

309 | markov chains | mathematical system that undergoes transitions from one state to another on a state space. it is a random process usually characterized as memory less: the next state depends only on the current state and not on the sequence of events that preceded it | P.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

310 | mass | is a measure of how much matter is in an object. an object's mass will remain the same no matter where it is | M.1 | M.3 | |||||||||||||||||

311 | matrices | plural of matric, a rectangular array of numbers, symbols, or expressions | MA. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 | ||||||||||||||||||

312 | mean | the average of a data set found by finding the sum and dividing by the number of addends | PS. 1, 2, 6 | NS. 4, CA.6 | NS.7 | DS.2 | NS.1, DS.4 | AF.8, DSP.3 | AF.6 | DSP.3 | D.11 | T.4, T.7 | DA.2, DA.4, DA.8, DA.10, P.5 | ||||||||

313 | mean absolute deviation | the average distance between each data value and the mean | DSP.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

314 | mean value theorem | if f is continuous on the closed interval [a, b] and differentiable on the open interval (a, b), there exists a number c such that f'( c) = [f(b) - f(a)]/(b - a) | D.11 | ||||||||||||||||||

315 | measure | to find a number that shows the size or amount of something. usually the number is in reference to some standard measurement, such as a meter or kilogram | PS. 6 | M.1, M.2 | M.1, 2, 3 | M. 1, 2, 3, 4,5, 6, 7 | AT.2, M.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, DA.2 | M.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, DA.2 | G.2, M.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, DS.2 | AF.9, GM. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, DS.4 | C.5, 6, GM.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, DSP.3 | GM. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, DSP. 1, 3 | DSP.3 | T.1, 8, QP.3, CI. 1, 4 | DA.8 | UC.2 | |||||

316 | measure of an arc | the measure of the angle formed by 2 radii with endpoints at the endpoints of the arc | CI.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

317 | measurement system | a set of unit (measures) which can be used to measure | M.1 | GM.1 | C.6 | ||||||||||||||||

318 | median | the middle number of an ordered data set or the average of the two middle numbers in an ordered data set with an even number of data | DS.2, | DS.4 | DSP. 3, 4 | DSP.3 | PL.5, T.1 | F.2, | DA.2, DA.11 | ||||||||||||

319 | median fit | the line of best fit, used to indicate a relation or trend in data sets | F.2, | DA.11 | |||||||||||||||||

320 | mentally | producing correct answers quickly | NS.5 | AT.2 | GM.3 | TR.2 | |||||||||||||||

321 | meter | the basic unit of length (or distance) in the metric system. the abbreviation is m | M.1, 2 | M. 5, 7 | M.1, 4 | G.1, M.3 | T. 5, 8, QP.5, CI.1, 3 | DA.9 | PF.1 | ||||||||||||

322 | metric measure | a decimal system of weights and measures based on the meter as a unit of length, the kilogram as a unit of mass, and the liter as a unit of volume | |||||||||||||||||||

323 | metric system | in the metric system, centimeters/meters/kilometers, grams/kilograms, and milliliters/liters/kiloliters are used | |||||||||||||||||||

324 | midpoint | the point on a line segment that divides it into 2 congruent segments | I.2 | T.1, 8 | PCN.1 | ||||||||||||||||

325 | midsegment theorem | the segment connecting the midpoints of 2 sides of a triangle is parallel to the 3rd side and half its length | |||||||||||||||||||

326 | minimal spanning tree | given a connected, undirected graph, a spanning tree of that graph is a subgraph that is a tree and connects all the vertices together | N.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

327 | minuend | the number from which another number (subtrahend) is subtracted | |||||||||||||||||||

328 | mixed number | a number that has a whole number part and a fractional part | NS.3, C.6 | NS.1, C.4, AT.3 | |||||||||||||||||

329 | mode | the most frequently occurring number in a data set. there can be more than one or no mode | PS. 4, 5 | G.3 | CA.5 | NS.2, CA.4 | NS.1, 7, 8, C. 2, 3, M.5 | NS.1, 4, 5, 6, 7, AT.5 | NS.6, C.5, 7, 8, AT.2, 3, 4, M.2, DS.2 | NS.8, 10, C.4 | DSP.7 | AF.6, DSP.2, 3 | L.5, QE. 1, 2, DS.3 | Q.1, EL.1, DSP. 2, 4 | AD.5, 7, 12, AI.2, 7 | MA. 5, 6, N.4, 6 | F. 1, 2, 8, EL.3, 4, PE. 1 | DA. 2, 7, 10, 11, ED.5, 6, | G.1, PF.1, 2, 4 | ||

330 | model | something that is made to be like another thing. usually it is smaller and tries to copy details well | PS. 4, 5 | G.3 | CA.5 | NS.2, CA.4 | NS.1, 7, 8, C. 2, 3, M.5 | NS. 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, AT.5 | NS. 6, C.5, 7, 8, AT.2, 3, 4, M.2 | NS.8, 10, C.4 | DSP.7 | AF.6, DSP.2, 3 | L.5, QE. 1, 2, DS.3 | Q.1, EL.1, DSP. 2, 4 | AD.5, 7, 12, AI.2, 7 | MA. 5, 6, N. 4, 6 | F. 1, 2, 8, EL.3, 4, PE. 1 | DA.7, 10, 11, ED. 5, 6 | G.1, PF.1, 2, 4 | ||

331 | models | representing real life situations through equations or inequalities | PS. 5 | CA.5 | NS.2, CA.4 | NS.1, C. 2, 3 | NS.1, 4, 6, AT.5 | NS.6, C.5, 7, 8, AT. 2, 3, 4 | DSP.7 | DS.3 | DSP.2, 4 | N.6 | F.1, 2, EL.4 | DA.10, 11 | |||||||

332 | modulus | the absolute value | a + bi | = sqrt (a^2 + b^2) | PCN.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

333 | monotonicity | monotonitcity means either always increasing or always decreasing. let f be differentiable on an open interval | AD.5 | ||||||||||||||||||

334 | multiplicative inverse | reciprocal for a number x, denoted by 1/x or x−1, is a number which when multiplied by x yields the multiplicative identity, 1 | MA.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

335 | multi-digit number | having more than one digit | NS.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

336 | multi-digit whole numbers | whole numbers containing more place values then the 1's place value | NS.9, C.1, AT.1 | C.1 | C.1 | ||||||||||||||||

337 | multiple | the product of that number and any other whole number | CA.5 | NS.8 | NS.7, AF.3, DS.4 | C.6, DSP.2 | C.1 | SEI.2 | DSP.4 | V.3 | |||||||||||

338 | multiple of a whole number | is the product of the number and any nonzero whole number | |||||||||||||||||||

339 | multiple variables | more than one letter that stands for a number | AF.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

340 | multiplication | a mathematical operation that gives the total number when you join equal groups. factors are the numbers being multiplied | C.2, 3, 5, 6, AT. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 | C.3, 7 AT.2, 3, M.4 | C.2, 3, 9, AT. 1, 3, 5, 6 | C.6 | C.3 | DSP.6 | RNE.7 | CNE.3, DSP.6 | MA.2, 4, P.3, 4 | PCN.3 | P.2, 3 | V.2 | |||||||

341 | multiplication counting principle | if there are a ways for one activity to occur, and b ways for a second activity to occur, then there are a • b ways for both to occur | DSP.6 | DSP.6 | P.4 | P.3 | |||||||||||||||

342 | multiplication rule | a method for finding the probability that both of two events occur | P.3 | P.2 | |||||||||||||||||

343 | mutually exclusive events | two events are mutually exclusive if they cannot occur at the same time (i.e., they have no outcomes in common) | DSP.4 | P.2 | P.1 | ||||||||||||||||

344 | N | ||||||||||||||||||||

345 | negative association | a negative association exists when as one variable decreases, the other variable also decreases | DSP.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

346 | negative number | any real number less than zero | NS.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

347 | net | a 2-d pattern that can be folded to form a solid 3-d | GM.6 | GM.7 | N.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 | TS.1 | |||||||||||||||

348 | nickel | 5 cents | M.3 | M.7 | |||||||||||||||||

349 | no tangents | no tangents implies the function is not differentiable at that point | AD.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

350 | non-defining attributes | attributes that do not define the shape such as color and size | G.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

351 | nonlinear association | graph does not represent a straight line. in this case, no line of best fit can be found | DSP.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

352 | nonlinear function | a function whose graph is not a straight line | AF.5 | ||||||||||||||||||

353 | nonnegative rational numbers | any number that can be made by dividing one integer by another and is to the right of 0 on the number line | C.6, AF.5 | ||||||||||||||||||

354 | non-overlapping | not extending over and covering a part | M.4 | M.6 | |||||||||||||||||

355 | nonstandard unit | measuring in units other than english or metric units. (e.g.. cubes, paper clips, bears, etc.) | M.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

356 | normal distribution | a very commonly occurring continuous probability distribution—a function that tells the probability that any real observation will fall between any two real limits or real numbers, as the curve approaches zero on either side | DA.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

357 | notation | system or written symbols used to represent numbers, amounts, or elements | NS.6 | AT.5 | NS.8 | C.2 | F.4 | CNE.6 | LP.2 | ||||||||||||

358 | number line | a line with numbers placed in their correct position | NS.3 | NS. 4, 5, 6, C.2 | NS.1 | NS. 2, 3, 4, 10, AF.6 | NS.3, C.2 | NS.2 | L.8 | ||||||||||||

359 | number line | a straight line on which there is indicated a one-to-one correspondence between points on the line and the set of real numbers | NS.3 | NS. 4, 5, 6, C.2 | NS.1 | NS. 2, 3, 4, 10, AF.6 | NS.3, C.2 | NS.2 | L.8 | ||||||||||||

360 | number of observations | the number of times a observation occurs in a data set | DS.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

361 | number pattern | a list of numbers that follow a certain sequence or pattern | CA.7 | CA.7 | AT.6 | AT.6 | |||||||||||||||

362 | number sense | refers to a person’s understanding of number concepts, operations, and applications of numbers and operations | NS.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 ,9, 10, 11 | NS. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 | NS. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 | NS. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 ,8 ,9 | NS. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 | NS. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, AT. 2 | NS. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 | NS. 1, 2, 3, | NS. 1, 2, 3, 4, | ||||||||||

363 | numeral | a symbol or name that stands for a number - digits 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 | NS. 2, 8 | NS. 1 | |||||||||||||||||

364 | numerator | the number above the fraction bar that describes how many equal parts are indicated or described | NS.8 | NS.5 | RNE.5 | ||||||||||||||||

365 | numeric expression | mathematical phrase that only contains numbers and operators (like add, subtract, multiply, and divide) | NS.3 | RNE.3 | |||||||||||||||||

366 | numerical data | data expressed in numbers rather than letters | DS.1 | DS.2, 4 | DSP. 3, 4 | ||||||||||||||||

367 | numerical data set | a set of data which consists of digits | DS. 4 | ||||||||||||||||||

368 | numerical expressions | an expression with only numbers and operation symbols | C. 6 | ||||||||||||||||||

369 | numerically | a limit can be estimated numerically by constructing a table of values | D.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

370 | O | ||||||||||||||||||||

371 | observations | carefully watching something or someone in order to gain information | DA. 1 | DA. 1 | DS. 1 | DS. 4 | DSP. 4 | DSP. 4 | |||||||||||||

372 | obtuse triangle | a triangle that has an angle greater than 90° | |||||||||||||||||||

373 | odd | any integer that cannot be divided exactly by 2. the last digit will be 1, 3, 5, 7 or 9 | NS. 5 | P.7 | F.6 | P.6 | UC.3 | ||||||||||||||

374 | odd function | for every (x, y) there exists (-x, y) | F.6 | ||||||||||||||||||

375 | ones place | the number to the left of the decimal | |||||||||||||||||||

376 | one-sided limits. | looking at the function value from either the positive direction (from the right) or from the negative direction (from the left) | LC.7 | ||||||||||||||||||

377 | operation | a mathematical process including addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division | CA. 5 | CA. 4 | C. 5, AT.3 | C. 2, 3, 6, M. 3 | C. 2, 8 | C. 3, 6, AF. 2 | C. 3, 6, 8, AF. 1 | C. 1 | RNE. 7 | S. 2 | |||||||||

378 | optimization | optimization is an application of calculus involving the determination of the maximum or minimum values using a primary equation and a secondary equation | AD.9 | O. 1, 2, 3 | |||||||||||||||||

379 | order of operations | the rules that tell which operation to perform first when more than one operation is used | C. 6 | ||||||||||||||||||

380 | ordered pairs | identifies the location of a point on the coordinate plane. the x-coordinate shows the point's position left or right of the y-axis. the y-coordinate shows the point's position up or down from the x-axis | AT.7 | AF.7 | AF.3 | ||||||||||||||||

381 | ordered set | a group of objects or items placed in a specific arrangement | NS.3 | NS.4 | |||||||||||||||||

382 | ordinal numbers | a number that tells the position of something in a list | NS.3 | NS.4 | |||||||||||||||||

383 | origin | the point on a coordinate plane in which the x and y axes intersect; the ordered pair for the origin is (0, 0) | AT.6 | AF.6 | L.1 | TS. 7, 8 | F. 2 | DA. 11 | |||||||||||||

384 | outcome | the result of a single trial of an experiment | DSP. 7 | DSP. 4, 6 | N. 1, P. 8, 10 | P. 10 | |||||||||||||||

385 | outlier | a value that "lies outside" (is much smaller or larger than) most of the other values in a set of data | DSP. 4 | DSP.1 | DSP.3 | ||||||||||||||||

386 | outliers | a value that "lies outside" (is much smaller or larger than) most of the other values in a set of data | DSP. 4 | DSP. 1 | DSP. 3 | ||||||||||||||||

387 | P | ||||||||||||||||||||

388 | parabola | the set of all points that are the same distance from a fixed point (focus) as they are from a fixed line (directrix) | CO. 1, 2 | ||||||||||||||||||

389 | parallel | always the same distance apart | G. 1, 4, 5 | M. 3 | GM. 3 | LP. 2, 3, 4, 5, T. 1, QP. 1, 2, TR. 2 | |||||||||||||||

390 | parallel lines | two lines on a plane that never meet; they are always the same distance apart | G. 4 | GM. 3 | PL. 3, 4 | ||||||||||||||||

391 | parallelogram | a quadrilateral in which both pairs of opposite sides are parallel | G. 1 | M.3 | QP. 1, ,2 | ||||||||||||||||

392 | parentheses | the symbols “(” and “)” are generally used in grouping | C. 9 | C. 6 | |||||||||||||||||

393 | partition | dividing into parts, pieces or portions | G. 4 | G. 4, 5 | NS. 3, 4, C. 3, 4, G. 4 | ||||||||||||||||

394 | partitioned | divided | NS. 3, C. 4 | ||||||||||||||||||

395 | parts of a set | a part of a collection | NS. 2 | ||||||||||||||||||

396 | parts of a whole | the semantic relation that holds between a part and the whole | NS. 2 | ||||||||||||||||||

397 | pattern | a set of numbers or objects in which all the members are related with each other by a specific rule | NS. 6, CA. 5 | CA. 7 | CA. 7 | AT. 6 | AT. 6 | NS. 4 | DS. 4 | DSP. 1 | DS. 5 | TS. 1 | ED. 6 | ||||||||

398 | patterned arrangements | the way that things are arranged in a particular order or pattern | NS.6 | ||||||||||||||||||

399 | penny | 1 cent | M.3 | M.7 | |||||||||||||||||

400 | pentagon | a 5-sided flat shape with straight sides | G.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

401 | percent | one part in every hundred - a fraction or ratio in which the denominator is assumed to be 100 | NS.6 | NS.5 | C.6 | EL.3, DSP.3 | DA.2 | ||||||||||||||

402 | perimeter | the distance around a two-dimensional shape | M.5, 7 | M.4 | M.3 | T.5, 8, QP. 5 | |||||||||||||||

403 | periodicity | the cycle repeats itself with each rotation around the circle | F.1 | UC.3 | |||||||||||||||||

404 | permations | rearranging, members of a set into a particular sequence or order | |||||||||||||||||||

405 | perpendicular | intersecting to form right angles | G. 4, 5 | LP. 2, PL. 3, 4, 5, CI. 3 | |||||||||||||||||

406 | perpendicular bisector | a line, line segment, ray, or plane that is perpendicular to a segment at its midpoint | PL.3, 5 | ||||||||||||||||||

407 | perpendicular lines | lines that intersect to form a right angle | G. 5 | PL. 4, 5 | |||||||||||||||||

408 | pictograph | lines that intersect to form a right angle | |||||||||||||||||||

409 | pint | a measure of volume in the us and imperial systems of measurement. equal to 16 fluid ounces, or about half a liter | M. 4 | ||||||||||||||||||

410 | place value | the value of where the digit is in the number, such as units, tens, hundreds, etc. | NS. 11 | NS. 4, CA. 5 | NS. 7, CA. 4 | NS. 9 | NS. 9, C. 2, 3 | NS. 5, C. 2, 8 | |||||||||||||

411 | plane | flat surface made up of points that has no depth and extends indefinitely | AT. 6, 7 | AF. 7, 8, 9, GM. 3 | AF. 6 | GM. 9 | LP.2, PL. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, T. 8, QP. 2, TS. 7, 8 | PCN.1, 2, 3 | UC. 2, PC. 2 | ||||||||||||

412 | plot | to draw on a number line, graph or map | NS. 3 | DA.2 | DA.2 | DS.1 | NS.3, AF.9, DS.2 | NS.3, DSP.4 | NS.2, DSP. 1, 2 | DS. 2 | DSP.3 | DA.1, 11 | |||||||||

413 | points | an exact location. it has no size, only position | DA.1 | G.3 | M.5 | AT.6, 7 | AF. 7, 8, GM. 3 | AF. 8 | AF. 8, GM. 9, DSP. 2 | SE. 1 | AD. 1, 4, 6, I. 2 | PL. 1, 2, ,3, 4, 5, T. 1, 8, CI. 5, TS. 4, 7 | PCN. 1 | ||||||||

414 | polygon | a closed, plane figure formed by line segments that meet only at their endpoints | M.7 | G.2 | GM.3, GM.4 | GM.2 | MA.6 | T.8,QP.1, QP.2, QP.3, QP.4, QP.5 | DA.1 | ||||||||||||

415 | population parameters | numerical characteristic of a population | DA.9 | ||||||||||||||||||

416 | positive association | a positive association exists when as one variable increases, the other variable also increases | |||||||||||||||||||

417 | positve decimal | numbers that have digits in the tenths place and beyond and are greater than zero | C.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

418 | positive decimals | decimals which are to the right of zero on the number line | C.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

419 | positive fraction | a number used to name a part of a whole and is greater than zero | C.2, C.3, C.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

420 | positive number | any real number greater than zero | NS.1, | ||||||||||||||||||

421 | positive rational number | a number greater than zero that can be expressed as a fraction (p/q) with the denominator (q) not equal to zero | NS.5, C.5 | NS.4 | |||||||||||||||||

422 | powers of 10 | the exponent (or index or power) of a number says how many times to multiple 10 | NS.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

423 | predict | to say that (something) will or might happen in the future | G.3 | DA.1 | DS.1 | DSP.2, DSP.7 | DSP.3 | F.2, DS.3 | DSP.2 | TR.1 | EL.4 | DA.11 | |||||||||

424 | prediction | a reasonable guess as to what will happen | DA.3 | DS.1 | DSP.2 | DSP.3 | F.2, DS.3 | DSP.2 | EL.4 | DA.11 | |||||||||||

425 | prime factorization | writing an integer as a product of powers of prime numbers | NS.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

426 | prime numbers | prime number can be divided evenly only by 1, or itself and it must be a whole number greater than 1 | NS.6 | ||||||||||||||||||

427 | prism | a polyhedron that has 2 congruent and parallel faces called bases joined by faces that are parallelograms | G.3 | G.1, G.2 | G.1 | M.4, M.5, M.6 | GM.5, GM.6 | ||||||||||||||

428 | probability | the chance that something will happen - how likely it is that some event will happen. sometimes you can measure a probability with a number: "10% chance of rain", or you can use words such as impossible, unlikely, possible, even chance, likely and certain | DSP.1, DSP.2, DSP.3, DSP.4, DSP.5, DSP.6, DSP.7 | DSP.1, DSP.2, DSP.3, DSP.4, DSP.5, DSP.6 | DSP.1, DSP.2, DSP.3, DSP.4, DSP.5, DSP.6 | P.1, P.2, P.3, P.4, P.5, P.6, P.7, P.8, P.9, P.10 | P.1, P.2, P.3, P.4, P.5, P.6, P.7, P.8, P.9, P.10 | ||||||||||||||

429 | probability distribution | assigns a probability to each measurable subset of the possible outcomes of a random experiment, survey, or procedure of statistical inference | DSP.4 | P.6, P.9 | P.5, P.7, P.8 | ||||||||||||||||

430 | product | the result obtained after multiplying two or more numbers | M.6 | C.7 | NS.4, C.3, C.6, M.2 | C.3 | RNE.2 | LC.3, D.4 | S.2, P.3 | P.2 | |||||||||||

431 | proof | a logical argument in which each statement you make is supported by a statement | LP.1, LP.2, LP.3, LP.4, QP.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

432 | properties of operations | that is accepted as true | PS.2, PS.7 | CA.5 | CA.4 | C.5 | C.2, C.3, C.6 | C.2, C.8 | C.6, AF.2 | C.3, AF.1 | |||||||||||

433 | property of 0 in division | basic rules of calculating numerical answers in a problem. these include how numbers are grouped and the order in which operations are carried out. (additive identity - adding zero to a number leaves it unchanged; commutative property – you may switch the order of numbers in an addition problem and still find the same sum) | |||||||||||||||||||

434 | property of 1 in division | zero divided by any number (except 0) is zero. zero cannot be a divisor | |||||||||||||||||||

435 | proportional | two quantities are proportional if they have a constant ratio or rate | AF.10 | C.6, AF.6, AF.7, AF.8, AF.9, GM.3 | CI.2 | ||||||||||||||||

436 | proportional equation | equation stating that two ratios or rates are equivalent | |||||||||||||||||||

437 | proportional relationship | when two ratios are equal, they are said to have a proportional relationship | AF.10 | C.6, AF.6, AF.7, AF.8, AF.9 | |||||||||||||||||

438 | proportionality | having equivalent ratios | AF.7 | T.4 | |||||||||||||||||

439 | pyramids | a solid figure where the base is a polygon and the sides are triangles which meet at the top (the apex) | G.1 | GM.1, GM.2 | TS.3, TS.5 | CO.6 | |||||||||||||||

440 | pythagorean theorem | in a right triangle the square of the length of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the legs | GM.8, GM.9 | T.1, T.8, T.10 | CO.3 | ||||||||||||||||

441 | Q | ||||||||||||||||||||

442 | quadrant | any of the four areas into which a plane is divided by the reference axes in a cartesian coordinate system, designated first, second, third, and fourth, counting counterclockwise from the area in which both coordinates are positive | AT.7 | AF.7 | ID.1 | ||||||||||||||||

443 | quadrilateral | a polygon with 4 sides | G.2 | G.5 | G.2 | GM.2 | QP.1, QP.2, QP.3, QP.4, QP.5, CI.7 | ||||||||||||||

444 | quantitative measures | a measurement that is related to a number or quantity | DS.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

445 | quantities | a specified or indefinite number or amount | PS.2, PS.4, PS.6 | AT.2 | NS.1, NS.8, AF.9, AF.10 | C.5, AF.6 | AF.4, AF.6 | F.2 | F.1 | V.1 | |||||||||||

446 | quantity | amount of something | NS.3 | NS.4, AF.10 | I.4 | P.7 | |||||||||||||||

447 | quartiles | the quartiles of a ranked set of data values are the three points that divide the data set | DS.4 | DSP.3 | DSP.3 | DA.2 | |||||||||||||||

448 | quotients | when one number (dividend) is divided by another number (divisor), the result obtained is known as quotient. answers to division problems | C.4 | C.3 | C.2 | C.4 | C.4 | LC.3, D.4 | |||||||||||||

449 | R | ||||||||||||||||||||

450 | radius | a segment or distance from the center of a circle to a point on the circle | G.1 | CI.1, CI.2, CI.3 | CO.3 | ||||||||||||||||

451 | random sample | a selection that is chosen randomly (purely by chance, with no predictability) | DSP.1, DSP.2, DSP.3 | DS.1 | DA.9, DA.10, ED.7 | ||||||||||||||||

452 | range | the difference between the greatest number and the least number in a data set | NS.1 | NS.8 | DS.4 | DSP.3 | F.1, F.3 | Q.2, EL.2, PR.2, DSP.3 | QPR.2 | DA.2 | |||||||||||

453 | rate | ratio that compares two quantities of different units | NS.9 | AF.4, AF.7 | EL.3, EL.4 | D.1, AD.10, I.4, AI.7 | |||||||||||||||

454 | ratio | a numerical representation which shows the relative size of two or more values | NS.8, NS.9 | C.6 | TR.2 | ||||||||||||||||

455 | rational approximation | shortening an irrational number to a useable rational number example: using 3.14 for π | NS.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

456 | rational number | a number that can be written as a fraction or as the quotient of two numbers a/b where b≠0 | NS.3, NS.5, C.5, C.6, AF.5, AF.6, AF.7, AF.8 | NS.3, C.1, C.2, C.3, C.4, C.7, C.8, AF.2, AF.3 | NS.1, NS.2, NS.3, NS.4, C.1, AF.1 | RNE.2 | CNE.3 | ||||||||||||||

457 | rational number bases | in a power, the base is the number used as a factor. in 3^4, 3 is the base. in this case, only rational numbers are used as bases | NS.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

458 | rational number coordinates | using rational numbers to indicate the position of a point, line, or plane | AF.7, AF.8 | ||||||||||||||||||

459 | ray | a part of a line that begins at a point and continues without end in one direction | G.3, G.4, M.5 | ||||||||||||||||||

460 | real numbers | positive and negative integers, fractions, decimals | NS.4 | RNE.1, RNE.2, RNE.3, RNE.4, RNE.5, RNE.6, RNE.7 | Q.3 | MA.2 | UC.2, G.3 | ||||||||||||||

461 | real-world problem | problems that arise from a wide variety of human experiences and applications. problems with context relatable to real-world events | CA.2 | CA.2, CA.3, CA.4 | CA.2, CA.2, M.5 | AT.1, AT.2, AT.3, M.1, M.3, M.4, M.6 | AT.1, AT.4, AT.5, M.3, M.4 | AT.1, AT.2, AT.3, AT.4, AT.5, AT.7, AT.8, M.1, M.5, M.6 | C.3, C.4, AF.1, AF.10, GM.1 | C.8, AF.2, AF.3 | C.1, AF.1 | L.2, L.5, L.7, SEI.3, SEI.4, QE.5 | EL.7 | AD | |||||||

462 | reasonable | fair and sensible. exhibiting native good judgment | 5, AD.9, AI.2, AI.7 | MA.5, N.2, P.4 | ED.5, ED.6, P.3, G.1 | ||||||||||||||||

463 | rectangle | a 4-sided flat shape with straight sides where all interior angles are right angles (90°). also opposite sides are parallel and of equal length | G.4 | G.3, G.4 | G.1, G.2, G.3, G.4, G.5 | G.2, M.5, M.6 | M.4 | M.2 | I.1 | QP.1, QP.2 | |||||||||||

464 | rectangles | a quadrilateral with four right angles and opposite sides being equal in length | G.4 | G.2, G.5 | G.2, M.5, M.6 | M.4 | M.2 | QP.1 | |||||||||||||

465 | rectangular prism | a solid figure where all sides are rectangles and all sides meet perpendicular; a brick or a shoebox is a rectangular prism | G.3 | G.1, G.2 | M.4, M.5, M.6 | GM.5, GM.6 | GM.6, GM.7 | GM.1 | |||||||||||||

466 | referent | the thing that a word or phrase denotes or stands for | PS.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

467 | related rates | to find the rate of change of two or more related variables that are changing with respect to time | AD.12 | ||||||||||||||||||

468 | relationship between addition and subtraction | part-part-whole relationships can be expressed by using number sentences like a + b = c or c – b = a, where a and b are the parts and c is the whole | CA.1, CS.5 | CA.4 | C.6 | ||||||||||||||||

469 | relative frequency | how often something happens divided by all outcomes | DSP.6, DSP.7 | P.10 | |||||||||||||||||

470 | relative size | comparative amount | M.2 | NS.8 | |||||||||||||||||

471 | remainders | the amount left over after division when one divisor does not divide the dividend exactly | C.3 | C.2, AT.1 | |||||||||||||||||

472 | represent | an explanation of the meaning of a word, phrase, etc. to stand for; symbolize | PS.2, PS.4, PS.5 | NS.2, CA.1, CA.2 | NS.1, NS.6, CA.2, CA.3, CA.4 | NS.2, NS.6, CA.2, CA.3, DA.1 | NS.1, NS.4, NS.5, C.2, C.3, AT.1, AT.2, AT.3, AT.4, M.1, M.6, DA.1 | NS.1, NS.6, AT.1, AT.3, AT.4, AT.5, DA.1 | NS.3, AT.1, AT.2, AT.3, AT.4, AT.5, AT.7, M.2, DS.1 | NS.1, NS.2, C.4, AF.3, AF.5, AF.6, AF.10, DS.2, DS.3 | AF.2, AF.3, AF.9, DSP.1, DSP.4, DSP.7 | NS.4, AF.1, DSP.5 | F.3, L.2, L.3, L.4, L.5, L.7, L.8, L.11, SEI.3, SEI.4, QE.2, QE.5, DS.6 | CNE.6, F.1, SEII.3, Q.1, EL.3, EL.5, EL.7 | I.5, I.8, AI.7 | MA.4, MA.6, N.1 | PCN.2, F.9 | V.1, V.2 | |||

473 | result | to come about as an effect, consequence, or conclusion | 3, 4, 6, 8 | NS. 4 | NS.7, G.3 | NS.5, 8 | NS. 5, 7 | NS.1, C.6 | NS.1 | AF.2, GM. 1 | QE.6, DS.1 | N.3 | TR.1 | DA.7 | |||||||

474 | rhombus | a parallelogram with 4 congruent sides | G.2 | G.1 | QP. 2 | ||||||||||||||||

475 | riemann sums | a riemann sum is a method for approximating the total area underneath a curve on a graph, otherwise known as an integral | I. 2, 3, 8 | ||||||||||||||||||

476 | right rectangular prism | a prism that has two bases, one directly above the other, and that has its lateral faces as rectangles. in a right prism, the edges of the lateral faces are perpendicular to the bases | G. 1 | G. 1, 2 | M. 4, 5, 6 | GM. 5, 6 | GM. 6, 7 | GM. 1 | |||||||||||||

477 | right triangle | a triangle with one angle measuring 90 degrees | GM. 8 | T. 7, 9, 10, 11 | G. 1, 3, 5, PF. 7 | ||||||||||||||||

478 | rigid motion | a transformation that creates an image that is congruent to the original figure | T. 2, TR. 1 | ||||||||||||||||||

479 | rotation | a transformation when the image is formed by turning its preimage about a point | GM. 3, 4, 5, 6 | QP. 4, TR. 1, TS. 9 | |||||||||||||||||

480 | rotations | spinning a figure around a determined location (axis, origin, point, etc.) | GM. 3, 4, 5, 6 | TR. 1, TS. 9 | |||||||||||||||||

481 | rounding | process to find the multiple of 10, 100, and so on, closest to a given number | NS.9 | NS.9 | ND.5 | DSP.5 | ED.7 | UC.2 | |||||||||||||

482 | row | things lying side-by-side. objects, people, numbers, etc. in a horizontal line | CA. 5, M. 2 | CA. 5, G. 4 | QE. 1, DS. 5 | EL. 3 | AI. 3 | MA. 1, 4 | ED. 6 | ||||||||||||

483 | rule | is a consistent mathematical relationship between two numbers | PS. 5, 8 | CA.5 | CA. 7 | CA. 3, 7, M. 2 | AT. 6, G. 3, DA. 2 | AT. 6, G. 1, 4 | G. 1 | C. 3, GM. 1 | D. 5, I. 8 | P. 2, 3 | P. 1, 2 | ||||||||

484 | S | ||||||||||||||||||||

485 | sample space | the set of all possible outcomes of that experiment | DSP. 7 | DSP. 4, 5 | P. 8, 9 | DA. 6, P. 7, 8, 10 | |||||||||||||||

486 | sampling distributions | finite-sample distribution is the probability distribution of a given statistic based on a random sample | DA. 9, ED. 3, 4 | ||||||||||||||||||

487 | SAS | side angle side triangle congruence | T. 2 | ||||||||||||||||||

488 | scalar | a real number in linear algebra | MA. 1 | V. 2, 3 | |||||||||||||||||

489 | scale drawings | a drawing that shows a real object with accurate sizes except they have all been reduced or enlarged by a certain amount (called the scale) | GM. 3 | ||||||||||||||||||

490 | scale factor | the ratio of the length of a segment in the preimage to the length of the corresponding segment in the image | TR. 2 | ||||||||||||||||||

491 | scaled bar graphs | ratio between each space on the graph and the number it represents | DA. 1 | ||||||||||||||||||

492 | scaled picture graphs | ratio between the picture and the number it represents | DA. 1 | ||||||||||||||||||

493 | scalene triangle | a triangle with all sides of different lengths | G.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

494 | scatter plot | a graph in which the values of two variables are plotted along two axes, the pattern of the resulting points revealing any correlation present | DSP. 1, 2, | DS. 2 | |||||||||||||||||

495 | scattered configuration | the way that the different parts of something form a particular shape; the way in which the different parts of something are arranged | NS. 5 | ||||||||||||||||||

496 | scientific notation | a method for expressing a given quantity as a number having significant digits necessary for a specified degree of accuracy, multiplied by 10 to the appropriate power, as 1385.62 written as 1.386 × 10^3 | C. 2 | ||||||||||||||||||

497 | secant | a line that intersects a circle in 2 points | CI. 1, 4 | PF. 7 | |||||||||||||||||

498 | set | a collection of distinct objects | NS. 6, 10 | NS. 3 | NS. 4, DA. 1 | DA. 1 | DA. 2 | NS. 2, DS. 2 | AF. 4, DS. 1, 4 | AF. 3, DSP. 4 | AF. 3 | RNE. 1, F. 1, L. 7, SEI. 4, DS. 3 | DSP. 2, 3 | AI. 7 | S. 1, 2, NS. 6, P. 8 | TS. 4 | F. 3, EL. 4 | DA. 2, P. 10 | PF. 1 | ||

499 | set of data | a collection of several values and quantities | DS. 1 | ||||||||||||||||||

500 | side | one of the lines that make a flat (2-dimensional) shape. or one of the surfaces that make a solid (3-dimensional) object | PS. 1, 2, 5 | G. 1, 2 | G. 2 | G. 1 | G. 2, M. 5, 6, 7 | M. 5 | G. 2, M. 2, 4 | NS. 2, GM. 3 | GM. 1 | GM. 8 | LC. 7 | PL. 3, T. 1, 4, 5, 8, 9, QP. 1, 5, CI. 6 | DA. 12 | ||||||

501 | similar figures | polygons that have the same shape. figures have proportional corresponding linear measures | GM. 5 | ||||||||||||||||||

502 | similar triangles | have proportional corresponding and angles | GM. 2 | T. 5 | |||||||||||||||||

503 | similarity | the corresponding sides of polygons have a proportional relationship | GM. 2 | GM. 5 | T. 1, 4, 9, CI. 2 | ||||||||||||||||

504 | simple event | an event that consists of exactly one outcome | DSP. 7 | DSP. 4 | |||||||||||||||||

505 | simplex method | dantzig's simplex algorithm is a popular algorithm for linear programming | O.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

506 | simulation | the imitation of the operation of a real-world process or system | PS. 5 | P. 4 | DA. 7, 10, ED. 4, P. 3 | ||||||||||||||||

507 | slope | the rate of change between any two points on a line; the ratio of vertical change to horizontal change | AF. 4, 5, 9 | AF. 6, DSP. 3 | L. 4, 5, 6, DS. 3 | AD. 1 | PL. 4 | F. 2 | DA. 11 | ||||||||||||

508 | sohcahtoa | sine opposite/hypotenuse; cosine adjacent/hypotenuse; tangent opposite/adjacent | |||||||||||||||||||

509 | solid figure | a three dimensional object: width, depth and height | M. 6 | ||||||||||||||||||

510 | solution | the value or values that make an equation true | PS. 1, 6 | AT. 1 | AF. 6 | AF. 3 | NS. 4, AF. 1, 2, 8 | L. 1, 2, 7, 8, SEI. 1, 2, 3, 4, QE. 5, 7 | SEII. 3, Q. 1, 3, EL.7, PR. 1, 3 | F. 8, QPR. 1, EL.3 | G. 1, PF. 4 | ||||||||||

511 | solution to a system | the values that satisfy all the equations in a system | AF. 8 | ||||||||||||||||||

512 | special right triangle (30-60-90) | the hypotenuse is twice as long as the shorter leg and the longer leg is radical 3 times as long at the shorter leg | T. 11 | G. 3 | |||||||||||||||||

513 | special right triangle (45-45-90) | the hypotenuse is radical 2 times as long as each leg | T. 11 | G. 3 | |||||||||||||||||

514 | sphere | a 3-dimensional figure made up of all points that are equally distant from a point called the center | G.1 | GM.1, 2 | TS. 3, 4, 5 | ||||||||||||||||

515 | spread | the difference between the largest and smallest numerical data | PS. 5 | DS. 1, 4 | DSP. 3 | C. 2 | DSP. 3 | DA. 5 | |||||||||||||

516 | square | a 4-sided 2-dimensional shape with straight sides where: all sides have equal length, and every angle is a right angle (90°). it is a quadrilateral and a regular polygon | G. 3 | G. 1, 2, 4 | G. 2, M.5 | M. 2 | NS. 2 | NS. 4 | RNE. 4, 6, QE. 4, | Q. 2, PR. 2 | QP. 2 | F. 2, QPR. 1 | DA. 11 | CO. 3 | |||||||

517 | square root | the square root of x is the number that, when multiplied by itself, gives the number, x | NS. 2 | NS. 4 | RNE. 4, QE. 4 | PR. 2 | |||||||||||||||

518 | square units | usually some standard unit, like a square meter, a square foot, or a square inch | |||||||||||||||||||

519 | SSS | side side side triangle congruence | T. 2 | ||||||||||||||||||

520 | standard algorithm | a specific method of computation, which is conventionally taught, for solving particular mathematical problems. in this case, the rules for computing with rational numbers | C. 1 | C. 1 | C. 1, 2 | C. 7 | |||||||||||||||

521 | standard deviation | shows how much variation or dispersion from the average exists | DSP. 3 | DA. 2 | |||||||||||||||||

522 | standard form | a general term meaning "written down in the way most commonly accepted" | NS. 2 | NS. 1 | NS. 1, 6 | ||||||||||||||||

523 | standard unit of measurement in the metric system for length | is the meter, for capacity is the liter, and for mass is the gram | |||||||||||||||||||

524 | standard units of measurement in the customary english system for length | are the inch, foot, yard, and mile; for capacity they are the ounce, cup, pint, and gallon; and for weight they are the ounce, pound, and ton | |||||||||||||||||||

525 | statistical question | one that can be answered by collecting data and where there will be variability in the data. a question that you may get several possible answers | DS. 1, 3 | ||||||||||||||||||

526 | statistics | the science of collecting, organizing, and analyzing data | DS. 1, 2 | DS. 1, 2, 3, 4 | DSP. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 | DSP. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 | DS. 1, 2, 3,4, 5, 6 | DSP. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, | DA. 9, ED. 4 | ||||||||||||

527 | stem and leaf plot | a special table where each data value is split into a "leaf" (usually the last digit) and a "stem" (the other digits) | DA.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

528 | subset | a set contained in another set | S. 1, P. 8 | F. 3 | P. 10 | ||||||||||||||||

529 | substitution | putting one value in for another | AF. 4 | SEI. 2 | LC. 2, I. 7 | ||||||||||||||||

530 | subtrahend | the number which is being subtracted from the minuend (whole) | |||||||||||||||||||

531 | sum | the answer when adding two or more addends together | PS. 3, 4 | CA. 1, 4 | CA. 5, 6 | C. 5 | NS. 7, GM. 2, DS. 4 | C. 1 | RNE. 2, L. 1, SEI. 2, DS. 5 | CNE. 6, DSP. 3 | LC. 3, D. 4, I. 2, 3, 8, AI. 7 | MA. 1 | T. 1 | F. 10 | CO. 4 | ||||||

532 | supplementary angles | two angles with measures whose sum is 180 degrees | GM. 4 | ||||||||||||||||||

533 | surface area | the sum of the areas of the faces and any curved surfaces of a solid | GM. 6 | GM. 7 | GM. 2 | TS. 5 | |||||||||||||||

534 | survey | a term in statistics for the method of collecting information by asking people questions | DA. 1 | DA. 1 | DS. 1 | DS. 1 | DSP. 1 | DA. 10, ED. 7 | |||||||||||||

535 | symmetry | a figure has symmetry if a reflection or rotation maps it onto itself. correspondence in size and shape on either side of a dividing line | G. 2 | QE.6 | Q. 2, PR. 2 | QP. 4 | CO. 5, UC. 3 | ||||||||||||||

536 | system of equations | a set of two or more equations with the same variables | SEI. 1, 2, 3, 4 | SE. 1, SEII. 2, 3 | |||||||||||||||||

537 | T | ||||||||||||||||||||

538 | table of equivalent ratios | a two column table used to show equivalent ratios | |||||||||||||||||||

539 | tally chart | is a frequency table | |||||||||||||||||||

540 | tangent | a line in the plane of a circle that intersects the circle in exactly 1 point | AD.1,2 | T.10, CI.1,3,4,6, TS.4 | G.3, PF.3,5,6,7 | ||||||||||||||||

541 | tape diagram | visual models that use rectangles to represent the parts of a ratio | NS.10 | ||||||||||||||||||

542 | ten | a group of ten ones | NS.1,10,11 | NS.1,2,4,6, CA.1,5 | NS.1,6,7, CA.4 | NS.6 | NS.5 | DSP.1 | |||||||||||||

543 | third angles theorem | if 2 angles of 1 triangle are congruent to 2 angles of a 2nd triangle then the 3rd angles are also congruent | |||||||||||||||||||

544 | thirds | being one of three equal parts | G.5 | NS.5 | |||||||||||||||||

545 | thousandths | a thousandth part, especially of one (1/1000) | NS.1,5 | ||||||||||||||||||

546 | three-dimensional | a solid figure that has length, width, and height | G.2 | G.1,2,3 | G.1,3 | GM.6 | GM.1 | TS.1,2,7,8,9 | |||||||||||||

547 | three-dimensional shape | an object that has height, width and depth, like any object in the real world | G.2 | G.2,3 | G.1,3 | ||||||||||||||||

548 | time | time is the ongoing sequence of events taking place. the past, present and future. we measure time using seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months and years. clocks measure time | M.2 | M.2 | M.5,6 | M.3 | AT.3, M.3 | ||||||||||||||

549 | tools | may include rulers, yardsticks or meter sticks, balance or scales, beakers, graduated cylinders, and thermometers | PS.4,5 | M.2 | M.2 | G.3, M.2 | G.1,4, M.6 | G.1 | PL.5, T.3 | F.9 | |||||||||||

550 | traceable path | is a path in an undirected or directed graph that visits each vertex exactly once | N.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

551 | transformation | moving a shape so that it is in a different position, but still has the same size, area, angles and line lengths. an operation that creates an image from an original figure or preimage | MA.6 | T.4, TR.1,2 | DA.5 | ||||||||||||||||

552 | translation | a type of transformation in which a figure is slid horizontally, vertically, or both | GM.3,4,5,6 | TR.1 | |||||||||||||||||

553 | transversal | a line that intersects 2 or more lines in a plane at different points | PL.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

554 | trapezoid | a quadrilateral with exactly 1 pair of parallel sides | G.3 | G.1 | M.3 | I.8 | QP.2 | ||||||||||||||

555 | tree diagram | shows all the possible outcomes of an event | DSP.5 | N.1 | |||||||||||||||||

556 | triangle | a 3-sided, closed polynomial whose angles measure 180 degrees. a polygon with 3 vertices and 3 sides or edges made up of line segments | G.4 | G.2,3 | G.1,2 | G.5 | G.1,2, M.3 | GM.2 | GM.1,2 | GM.8 | T.1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11, CI.7 | G.1 | |||||||||

557 | triangle inequality theorem | the sum of the lengths of any 2 sides of a triangle is greater than the length of the 3rd sid | T.6 | ||||||||||||||||||

558 | triangle sum theorem | the sum of the measures of the interior angles of a triangle is 180 degrees | T.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

559 | trig ratios | ratios that compare the lengths of 2 sides of a right triangle | |||||||||||||||||||

560 | twice | two times as many | M.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

561 | two-dimensional | a shape with only length and width | G.2 | G.1,2,3 | G.1 | G.3 | G.2,4 | GM.1,4,5,6 | T.8, TS.9 | ||||||||||||

562 | two-dimensional shape | a shape that only has two dimensions (such as width and height) and no thickness. squares, circles, triangles, etc. are two dimensional objects. also known as "2d" | G.2 | G.1,2,3 | G.1 | G.3 | G.2,4 | ||||||||||||||

563 | two-step problems | problems in which one must first solve one problem. then one must use the answer from the first problem in order to determine the final solution | AT.3, DA.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

564 | two-way frequency tables | a visual representation of the possible relationships between two sets of categorical data | DA.6 | ||||||||||||||||||

565 | two-way table | a table in which one category is represented by rows and the other category is represented by columns | PS.4 | DS.5 | DA.6 | ||||||||||||||||

566 | U | ||||||||||||||||||||

567 | undirected graph | graph in which edges have no orientation | N.4 | ||||||||||||||||||

568 | union | set of all distinct elements in the collection | S.2, P.8,10 | ||||||||||||||||||

569 | unit | a particular amount of length, time, money, etc., that is used as a standard for counting or measuring | PS.2,3,6 | M.1 | CA.3, G.4, M.3, DA.1 | G.4, M.1,5, DA.2 | M.2,3, DA.2 | C.7, AT.4, M.1,2,3,4 | GM.5, DS.4 | UC.1,2,3, G.3, PF.7 | |||||||||||

570 | unit fraction | a fraction where the top number (the "numerator") is 1 | G.4 | C.7, AT.4, M.2 | GM.5 | ||||||||||||||||

571 | unit of measurement | a unit of measurement includes inches/feet/yards, ounces/pounds, or cups/pints/quarts/gallons in the customary english system of measurement | |||||||||||||||||||

572 | unit rate | the ratio of two measurements in which the second term is 1 | NS.9 | C.5, AF.4,7,8,9 | |||||||||||||||||

573 | univariate data | data involving a single variable | DSP.3 | DA.5, DA.8 | |||||||||||||||||

574 | unknown number | how much money something is worth the amount or total | <-this incorrect definition in idoe document | CA.2,4 | CA.2,3 | AT.1,2,3 | AT.1,4 | ||||||||||||||

575 | unknown whole number | must make the relationship between the three numbers true | AT.5 | ||||||||||||||||||

576 | US\English standard measurements | liquids: fluid ounces, cups, pints, quarts and d70; mass: ounces, pounds and tons; length: inches, feet, yards and miles; temperature: fahrenheit | |||||||||||||||||||

577 | V | ||||||||||||||||||||

578 | V = l × w × h | volume equals length times width times height | M.5 | GM.5 | |||||||||||||||||

579 | V= b x h | volume equals base times height | M.5 | GM.5 | |||||||||||||||||

580 | validity | the extend to which a concept, conclusions, or measurement is well-founded | PS.6 | LP.3 | |||||||||||||||||

581 | value | how much money something is worth the amount or total | NS.8,11 | NS.4, CA.5, M.1 | NS.7, CA.4, M.7 | NS.9, M.4 | NS.9, C.2,3 | NS.5, C.2,8, AT.7,8 | NS.1,4, AF.1,2,3,4,8,9 | C.2 | NS.2, AF.3,4,6,7 | F.2, L.9,10, QE.2,6 | F.3,5, PR.2 | LC.1,11,12, D.11, I.1,2,7,8, AI.5 | P.6,9 | F.4,6, EL.2 | P.5,7,8 | G.3 | |||

582 | variability | change, differences; the extent to which data points differ from each other | DS.1 | ED.4 | |||||||||||||||||

583 | variable | a symbol, usually a letter, used to represent a number | AT.6 | AT.8 | AF.1,3,10 | DSP.1,2 | F.2, L.7,10,11, SEI.1,2,3,4, QE.3,5, DS.2,5 | SE.1, SEII.2, SEIII.3, EL.7 | MA.5 | P.8 | |||||||||||

584 | variables | a symbol for a number we don't know yet. it is usually a letter like x or y | AT.6 | AT.8 | AF.1,3,10 | DSP.1,2 | F.2, L.7,10,11, SEI.1,2,3,4, QE.3,5, DS.2,5 | SE.1, SEII.2, SEIII.3, EL.7 | MA.5 | P.8 | |||||||||||

585 | variance | measures how far a set of numbers is spread out. a variance of zero indicates that all the values are identical | DSP.3 | DA.2 | |||||||||||||||||

586 | venn diagram | diagram that shows all possible logical relations between a finite collection of sets | S.2, N.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

587 | vertex edge graph | diagram consisting of a set of points (called vertices) along with segments or arcs (called edges) joining some or all of the points adjacency matrix- a means of representing which vertices of a graph are adjacent to which other vertices | <- Appears to be two terms and definitions in idoe document | ||||||||||||||||||

588 | vertical angles | 2 nonadjacent angles formed by 2 intersecting lines | PL.3 | ||||||||||||||||||

589 | vertical tangents | a line tangent to a graph that is vertical and has no slope is a vertical tangent | AD.1 | ||||||||||||||||||

590 | vertices | the corners of a plane polygon or of a prism | G.2 | G.1 | GM.3 | TS.1 | CO.5 | ||||||||||||||

591 | volume | the number of cubic units needed to fill the space occupied by a solid | M.4 | M.1 | M.3 | M.4,5,6 | GM.5 | GM.6 | GM.2 | AI.6 | TS.5 | CO.6 | |||||||||

592 | W | ||||||||||||||||||||

593 | waiting-time distribution | the probability distribution that describes the time between events in a poisson process, i.e. a process in which events occur continuously and independently at a constant average rate | ED.5 | ||||||||||||||||||

594 | weight | the measure of the heaviness of an object | M.1 | M.1 | M.2 | ||||||||||||||||

595 | weight of an object | depends on its mass and the amount of gravitational force being exerted on it | |||||||||||||||||||

596 | weighted mean | similar to an arithmetic mean, where instead of each of the data points contributing equally to the final average, some data points contribute more than others | DA.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

597 | weighted voting | systems based on the idea that not all voters are equal | ED.2 | ||||||||||||||||||

598 | whole | the whole is a region, set, or segment that is being divided. the whole must be understood before the fraction can be determined | PS.1 | G.4 | G.5 | NS.3,4,6,8, C.3,4, AT.2,5, G.4, M.5,6 | NS.5,7, C.3,5, AT.5, M.6 | NS.4, C.2, AT.2, M.4,5 | AF.1,9 | ||||||||||||

599 | whole number | a number (such as 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, etc.) that is not a negative and is not a fraction | NS.2,3,11 | NS.6, CA.4 | NS.2,3 | NS.1,2,9, C.1,2,3,4, AT.1,2,5, DA.2 | NS.1,2,3,8,9, C.1,2, AT.1,4 | NS.2, C.1,5,7,9, AT.1,4,6 | NS.7, C.1,5,6 | NS.1 | |||||||||||

600 | word form | a number written in words | |||||||||||||||||||

601 | Y | ||||||||||||||||||||

602 | yard | is the customary unit of length. 1 yard=3 feet | M.1,2 | ||||||||||||||||||

603 | y-intercept | the value of y where the graph crosses the y-axis | AF.6, DSP.3 | DS.3 | |||||||||||||||||

604 | Z | ||||||||||||||||||||

605 | zero matrix | the null matrix, all entries being zero | |||||||||||||||||||

606 | zero property | when you multiply a number and 0, the product equals 0 |

1 | Word | Definition | K | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | Biology | Chemistry | ICP | Earth Space | Physics | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

2 | Accuracy | reading words in text with no errors | |||||||||||||||

3 | best | ||||||||||||||||

4 | Equal | 6.2 | |||||||||||||||

5 | example | ||||||||||||||||

6 | explain | ||||||||||||||||

7 | choose | ||||||||||||||||

8 | compare | ||||||||||||||||

9 | data | ||||||||||||||||

10 | Decode | 2.4 | |||||||||||||||

11 | Describe | ||||||||||||||||

12 | Dynamic equilibrium | 7.5 | |||||||||||||||

13 | Identify | ||||||||||||||||

14 | Investigantion | ||||||||||||||||

15 | Most Likey | ||||||||||||||||

16 | predict | ||||||||||||||||

17 | results | ||||||||||||||||

18 | Select | ||||||||||||||||

19 | scienctific tool |

1 | Word | Definition | K | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | Economics | Geography and World History | Global Economics | Psychology | Sociology | US Government | US History | World Geography | World History and Civilization | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

2 | Accuracy | reading words in text with no errors | 1.19 | 9.1-5 | 7.1-6 | ||||||||||||||||

3 | Based | 3.12 | 1.8, 1.19 | 4.3, | 2.1, 2.2,2.3,2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10, 4.2, | 7.3 | 9.8 | 2.6 | |||||||||||||

4 | Choose | 4.3 | 4.6 | 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9 | 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6 | ||||||||||||||||

5 | Completes | ||||||||||||||||||||

6 | equal | 2.1 | 2.4 | 4.5 4.7 | 2.8 | 2.9 | |||||||||||||||

7 | Difference | 3.2, 3.6 | 1.2, 2.4,3.8 | 2.4 | 3.1 | 3.6 | 4.4 | 1.8, 1.20 | 8.3 | 2.2, 5.3 | 1.3, 1.4,1.7 | 2.2, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 8.7 | 4.3 | 1.2 | |||||||

8 | Digital Media | 2.1.7 | |||||||||||||||||||

9 | Select | 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 3.9 | 2.3 | 3.7 | 2.6 | 2.5, 3.8, 3.10 | 1.4, 2.2, 2.3, 6.5, 9.4,10.2, 11.5 | 4.3 |