|Word||POS||Meaning||Formation process||Word origins||Notes|
a brand of portable camera introduced by George Eastman in 1888, using a roll of film and intended for taking snapshots.
|Xerox||PN, n, v|
1. a brand name for a copying machine for reproducing printed, written, or pictorial matter by xerography.
2. n - (sometimes lowercase) a copy made on a xerographic copying machine.
3. v - (sometimes lowercase) to print or reproduce by xerography.
a brand name for a soft, disposable paper tissue, used especially as a handkerchief.
a brand of dessert made from a mixture of gelatin, sugar, and fruit flavoring, dissolved in hot water and chilled until firm.
1. the brand name of a leading Internet search engine, founded in 1998.
2. v - (often lowercase) to search the Internet for information about (a person, topic, etc.)
Also called slide fastener. a device used for fastening clothing, valises, etc., consisting of two toothed tracks or spiral metal or plastic coils, each bordering one of two edges to be joined, and a piece that either interlocks or separates them when pulled.
Origin: 1920–25, Americanism; formerly a trademark
a brand of plastic concave disk, used for various catching games by sailing it between two or more players and thrown by making it spin as it is released with a flick of the wrist.
a puzzle printed on a square grid of nine large squares each subdivided into nine smaller squares, the object of which is to fill in each of the 81 squares so that each column, row, and large square contains every number from 1 to 9.
|Borrowing | Coinage?|
expensive and flashy jewelry, clothing, or other possessions.
|Onomatopoeia?||1995-2000; perhaps imitative of the imaginary sound that light makes when reflecting off a diamond.|
Also bling-bling, by 1997, U.S. rap slang, "wealth, expensive accessories," a sound suggestive of the glitter of jewels and precious metals (cf. German blinken "to gleam, sparkle").
two or more slices of bread or the like with a layer of meat, fish, cheese, etc., between each pair.
|Eponym||first recorded in 1755–65; named after the fourth Earl of Sandwich (1718–92)|
|gargantuan||adj||gigantic; enormous; colossal||Eponym||from Gargantua, name of the giant in Rabelais' novels|
first recorded in 1585–95; Gargantu(a) + -an
|jumbo||adj||a very large person, animal, or thing.||Eponym||first recorded in 1800–10; after the name of a famous elephant exhibited by P. T. Barnum, from Swahili jumbe chief|
1. n - Digital Technology. a message posted on the Twitter social media service and website: the message may include text, links, photos, or videos.
2. v - Digital Technology. to post a message on Twitter
n - Coinage| Semantic shift*
v - Zero-derivation
|*Semantic shift is another process not covered in my word formation post. It's also called "repurposing". It's when the word already exists, but takes on a new meaning (another sense).|
1. v - to refuse to have dealings with (a person, organization, etc) or refuse to buy (a product) as a protest or means of coercionto boycott foreign produce
2. n - an instance or the use of boycotting
|Eponym||after Captain C. C. Boycott (1832–97), Irish land agent for the Earl of Erne, County Mayo, Ireland, who was a victim of such practices for refusing to reduce rents|
1. v - to hypnotize.
2. v - to spellbind; fascinate.
|Eponym||actually, a Back-formation of 'mesmerism', which in turn was an Eponym after Franz Anton Mesmer, who was "a German physician of the late 1700s. Mesmer was famous for his theory of animal magnetism or the flow of spiritual energy between physical beings."|
Psychiatry. the condition in which sexual gratification depends on causing pain or degradation to others.Compare masochism.
|Eponym||from French, named after the Marquis de Sade|
smoke or other atmospheric pollutants combined with fog in an unhealthy or irritating mixture.
|Blending||1900–05; sm(oke) + (f)og1|
a meal that serves as both breakfast and lunch.
|Blending||first recorded in 1895–1900; br(eakfast) + (l)unch|
a hotel providing travelers with lodging and free parking facilities, typically a roadside hotel having rooms adjacent to an outside parking area or an urban hotel offering parking within the building.
|Blending||1920–25; blend of motor and hotel|
a long commercial that informs or instructs, especially in an original and entertaining manner
|Blending||information + commercial|
a digital audio or video file or recording, usually part of a themed series, that can be downloaded from a website to a media player or computer
|Blending||first recorded in 2000-05; (i)pod + (broad)cast|
a person who makes an effort to eat food that is grown, raised, or produced locally, usually within 100 miles of home.
|Blending | Derivation||2005; loca(l) + -vore, on the model of carnivore, herbivore|
a relationship or friendship between two men that is extremely close but does not involve sex.
|Blending||first recorded in 2000-05; bro + (ro)mance|
a method or device for transmitting documents, drawings, photographs, or the like, by means of radio or telephone for exact reproduction elsewhere.
Pathology. an acute, commonly epidemic disease, occurring in several forms, caused by numerous rapidly mutating viral strains and characterized by respiratory symptoms and general prostration.
first recorded in 1830–40; shortened form
an automaton in the form of a human being.
an apparatus, system, or process for transmission of sound or speech to a distant point, especially by an electric device.
first recorded in 1880–85; by shortening
a box, room, or cabinet in which food, drink, etc., are kept cool by means of ice or mechanical refrigeration.
1925–30; by shortening of refrigerator or Frigidaire
a teacher of the highest academic rank in a college or university, who has been awarded the title Professor in a particular branch of learning; a full professor
An Americanism dating back to 1830–40; by shortening
a website containing a writer's or group of writers' own experiences, observations, opinions, etc., and often having images and links to other websites.
First recorded in 1995–2000; shortening of weblog
|NASA||n||Acronym||National Aeronautics and Space Administration|
|SARS||n||Acronym||severe acute respiratory syndrome|
|LOL||intj||Acronym||laughing out loud|
|FOMO||n||Acronym||fear of missing out|
|NFL||n||Initialism||National Football League|
|UCLA||n||Initialism||University of California, Los Angeles|
|MRI||n||Initialism||magnetic resonance imaging|
|WTF||intj||Initialism||what the fuck|
|ménage à trois||n||Borrowing||from French|
|whisky||n||Borrowing||from Scots Gaelic or Irish|
|n||Compounding | Coinage||Face + book||Simultaneously a Coinage as well|
|homework||n||Compounding||home + work|
|red-hot||adj||Compounding||red + hot|
|grocery store||n||Compounding||grocery + store|
|n||Compounding||four + dimensional + space + time|
|mother-of-pearl||n, adj||Compounding||mother + of + pearl|
|crowdfund||v||Compounding||crowd + fund|
|wishy-washy||adj||Reduplication||of the 'w*shy' part|
|teensy-weensy||adj||Reduplication||of the 'eensy' part|
|cray-cray||adj||Reduplication||of 'cray'||cray' itself being a Clipping of 'crazy'|
|po-po||n||Reduplication||of 'po'||po' itself being a Clipping of 'police'|
|selfie||n||Derivation | Coinage?||first recorded in 2000–05; self+ -ie|
|butt dial||v||Compounding||butt + dial|
|sexting||v||Blending||sex + texting|
|emoji||n||Borrowing | Coinage?||1990–95; < Japanese: literally, ‘picture letter’ (or ‘picture character’)|
|hashtag||n||Semantic shift||2005–10; hash (mark) + tag|
|hangry||adj||Blending||hungry + angry|
|clopen||v||Blending||close + open|
|SJW||n||Initialism||social justice warrior|
|mic drop||n||Compounding||intentionally dropping a microphone||mic' underwent Clipping from 'microphone' before Compound was formed|
|manspread, manspreading||v||Compounding||man + spread|
|mansplain, mansplaining||v||Blending||man + explain|
|manic pixie dream girl||n||Compounding||manic + pixie + dream + girl|
|NSFW||adj||Initialism||not safe for work|
|chillax||v||Blending||chill + relax|
|crunk||adj||Blending||crazy + drunk|
|jeggings||n||Blending||jeans + leggings|
|muffin top||n||Compounding||muffin + top|
|muggle||n||Eponym||from J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter books, name for a non-magical/"normal" person|
|OMG||intj||Initialism||oh my god|
|textspeak||n||Compounding||text + speak|
|unfriend||v||Derivation||un-* + friend||*Whenever the morpheme is bound (i.e. cannot stand by itself), I'll use a hyphen to indicate where it attaches to another morpheme|
Previous to this formation was the Zero-derivation the verb 'friend' from the noun 'friend'.
|upcycle||v||Compounding||up + cycle||Most likely through analogy with 'recycle' (re- + cycle)|
|whoot||intj||Coinage | Blending||from 1993 song "Whoot, There It Is" | of British origin, as a contraction of "What a Hoot"||See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W00t#Etymology for more details on the different origins.|
Alternate term is spelled with two zeros: w00t
|buzzkill||n||Compounding||buzz + kill|
|carbon credit||n||Compounding||carbon + credit|
|carbon offsetting||n||Compounding||carbon + offsetting|
|cougar||n||Semantic shift||The new word having the sense of "an older woman who dates or goes after younger men".|
From 'cougar' the animal sense
|I didn't mention this one in my word formation post, because I'll probably discuss cases like these in a post on semantic change.|
|eggcorn||n||Phono-semantic error||from 'acorn'||"can be described as an intra-lingual phono-semantic matching" (Wikipedia)|
Similar to Folk Etymology