ISPI - Estimated migrant departures from Libya
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made it to Europe
brought back (LCG or others)
dead or missing
total departures
% made it to Europe
% brought back
% dead or missing
2
Jan 2016509634990553592.1%6.3%1.6%
3
Feb 201636841200380496.8%3.2%0.0%
4
Mar 2016928123332441185878.3%19.7%2.1%
5
Apr 20166568880113756186.9%11.6%1.5%
6
May 201617742368811182254878.7%16.4%5.0%
7
Jun 2016202181769212200891.9%8.0%0.1%
8
Jul 2016218557392082280295.8%3.2%0.9%
9
Aug 201618575213331882198.7%1.1%0.2%
10
Sep 20161546011803191695991.2%7.0%1.9%
11
Oct 20162673315044132865093.3%5.2%1.4%
12
Nov 20161252211167031434187.3%7.8%4.9%
13
Dec 20167754441202839792.3%5.3%2.4%
14
Jan 201742521025225550277.3%18.6%4.1%
15
Feb 20178595929217974188.2%9.5%2.2%
16
Mar 20171076914333001250286.1%11.5%2.4%
17
Apr 2017124831222791288496.9%0.9%2.2%
18
May 20172230127346212565686.9%10.7%2.4%
19
Jun 20172239119225292484290.1%7.7%2.1%
20
Jul 201710793686681154793.5%5.9%0.6%
21
Aug 201728641741143474860.3%36.7%3.0%
22
Sep 201743361780102621869.7%28.6%1.6%
23
Oct 20172833615167361578.4%17.0%4.6%
24
Nov 201747761214193618377.2%19.6%3.1%
25
Dec 2017201611579318263.4%36.4%0.3%
26
Jan 201832901945214544960.4%35.7%3.9%
27
Feb 2018602795121151839.7%52.4%8.0%
28
Mar 2018792105423186942.4%56.4%1.2%
29
Apr 20182098146320358158.6%40.9%0.6%
30
May 20182502175611426958.6%41.1%0.3%
31
Jun 201831463453451705044.6%49.0%6.4%
32
Jul 20187292423157330922.0%73.2%4.7%
33
Aug 201874955219132056.7%41.8%1.4%
34
Sep 2018119713234106611.2%66.9%22.0%
35
Oct 2018287351163944.9%54.9%0.2%
36
Nov 20187046450134952.2%47.8%0.0%
37
Dec 20183243861572544.7%53.2%2.1%
38
Jan 201911846914473116.1%64.2%19.7%
39
Feb 2019030953140.0%98.4%1.6%
40
Mar 20192852954862845.4%47.0%7.6%
41
Apr 2019661305124726.7%52.6%20.6%
42
May 2019928121261220142.2%55.1%2.8%
43
Jun 20191104158922271540.7%58.5%0.8%
44
Jul 2019661833241173538.1%48.0%13.9%
45
Aug 201910941260167252143.4%50.0%6.6%
46
Sep 2019101391558198651.0%46.1%2.9%
47
Oct 2019126711135238553.1%46.7%0.2%
48
Nov 2019107269349181459.1%38.2%2.7%
49
Dec 2019194187238350.7%48.8%0.5%
50
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Yearly averages (absolute levels)Yearly averages (in %)
53
Before "first drop" (pre-Minniti strategy)
18369013358404920109791.3%6.6%2.01%
54
After "first drop" (Minniti strategy)
402571549711685692370.7%27.2%2.05%
55
Conte I government (Salvini strategy)
88411253113852275738.8%55.1%6.09%
56
Conte I government, 2018 only103851461115032649939.2%55.1%5.67%
57
Conte I government, 2019 only6384914611091663838.4%55.0%6.66%
58
Conte II government1063887243421970454.0%44.3%1.74%
59
60
KEY
61
Confirmed by official and consistent document
62
Confirmed by official source, consistency questionable
63
Confirmed by second official source, assessed through unofficial source(s), or current month/ongoing
64
65
SOURCES
66
VariableSub-variableSourceURL (main)
URL2 (secondary)
Notes
67
made it to Europelanded in Italy
UNHCR (secondary: Italian Ministry of the Interior)
https://data2.unhcr.org/en/documents/download/70562
http://www.libertaciviliimmigrazione.dlci.interno.gov.it/sites/default/files/allegati/cruscotto_statistico_giornaliero_31-07-2018.pdf
68
made it to Europe
landed in other European country (e.g. Spain, Malta)
Press, self-collected
See "Special cases" below
69
brought back
intercepted by the LCG
UNHCR (secondary: IOM)
https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/69309.pdf
https://www.iom.int/press-room/press-releases
70
brought back
brought back to Southern MED
Press, self-collected
See "Special cases" below
71
dead or missingdead or missingIOM
https://missingmigrants.iom.int/downloads
Select "Central Mediterranean" route; remove all non-Libya events (after imputation of blue-water events)
72
dead or missingdead or missingPress, self-collected
See "Special cases" below
73
74
75
Special cases
76
whenwhathow manyoutcomelink
77
June 2018NGO (Aquarius)629
made it to Europe (Spain)
78
June 2018NGO (Lifeline)234
made it to Europe (Malta)
79
June 2018NGO (Open Arms)60
made it to Europe (Spain)
80
July 2018
commercial ship (Sedef)
115
brought back (Libya) - 1 July
81
July 2018
commercial ship (Sarost)
40
brought back (Tunisia)
82
July 2018
commercial ship (Asso Ventotto)
101
brought back (Libya) - 31 July
83
August 2018NGO (Open Arms)87
made it to Europe (Spain)
84
August 2018dinghy114
made it to Europe (Malta) - 13 Aug
85
August 2018NGO (Aquarius)141
made it to Europe (Malta) - 14 Aug
86
August 2018dinghy61
made it to Europe (Malta) - 19 Aug
87
August 2018dinghy100
made it to Europe (Malta) - 22 Aug
88
September 2018dinghy104
dead or missing - 11/12 Sep (SOURCES: https://www.avvenire.it/attualita/pagine/libia-naufraghi | https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=460604677785618&id=454522398393846 )
89
September 2018NGO (Aquarius)58
made it to Europe (Malta) - 30 Sep
90
October 2018dinghies211
made it to Europe (Malta) - 6 & 7 Oct
91
November 2018dinghies193
made it to Europe (Malta)
92
December 2018NGO (Open Arms)311
made it to Europe (Spain) - 21 Dec
93
December 2018dinghy12
made it to Europe (Malta)
94
December 2018
Tunisian Coast Guard
45
brought back (Tunisia) - 31 December
95
January 2019Sea Watch32
made it to Europe (Malta) - 9 Jan
96
January 2019Sea Eye17
made it to Europe (Malta) - 9 Jan
97
January 2019
commercial ship (Lady Sham)
150
brought back (Libya) - 20 Jan
98
February 2019
commercial ship (DFP galaxy)
62
brought back (Libya) - 12 Feb
99
March 2019
Armed Forces of Malta
87
made it to Europe (Malta) - 6 Mar
100
March 2019Tunisian army64
brought back to Tunisia - 8 Mar
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