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StudyInstitutionYearGeographyModelTemporalDeliverableAsset Age and/or PPAJournal
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The influence of additionality and time-matching requirements on the emissions from grid-connected hydrogen productionMIT2024United StatesFull system Capacity Expansion Model<= HourYesYesNature Energy
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"System-level Impacts of Voluntary Carbon-free Electricity Procurement StrategiesPrinceton University2024USFull system Capacity Expansion Model<= HourRTO
(of BA if no RTO)
New AssetJoule
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Spatio-temporal load shifting for truly clean computingTU Berlin2024EuropeFull system Capacity Expansion Model<= HourBidding ZonePPA + New AssetWorking Paper
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On the means, costs, and system-level impacts of 24/7 carbon-free energy procurementTU Berlin2023VariousFull system Capacity Expansion Model<= HourBidding ZonePPA + New AssetWorking Paper
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Does the purchase of voluntary renewable energy certificates lead to emission reductions? A review of studies quantifying the impactDenmark Technical University2023VariousFull system Capacity Expansion Model<= HourBidding ZonePPA + New AssetWorking Paper
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Enabling grid-based hydrogen production with low embodied emissions in the United StatesPrinceton University2023California, USFull system Capacity Expansion Model<= HourRTO
(of BA if no RTO)
New Asset
(incl. unbundled , 18 months)
Environmental Research Letters
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The value of space-time load-shifting flexibility for 24/7 carbon-free electricity procurementTU Berlin2023EuropeFull system Capacity Expansion Model<= HourBidding ZonePPA + New AssetWorking Paper
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Impacts of IRA’s 45V Clean Hydrogen Production Tax CreditEPRI2023United StatesFull system Capacity Expansion Model<= HourYesNewWorking Paper
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System-level impacts of 24/7 carbon-free electricity procurement in EuropeTU Berlin2022Ireland, Denmark (zone DK1), Germany and the NetherlandsFull system Capacity Expansion Model<= HourBidding ZonePPA + New AssetWorking Paper
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Hourly versus annually matched renewable supply for electrolytic hydrogenTU Berlin2022Germany, NetherlandsFull system Capacity Expansion Model<= HourBidding ZonePPA + New AssetWorking Paper
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System-level Impacts of 24/7 Carbon-free Electricity ProcurementPrinceton University2022California and PJM, USFull system Capacity Expansion Model<= HourRTO
(of BA if no RTO)
PPA + New AssetJoule
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Electricity System and Market Impacts of Time-based Attribute Trading and 24/7 Carbon-free Electricity ProcurementPrinceton University2022Western Interconnect USFull system Capacity Expansion Model<= HourRTO
(of BA if no RTO)
New AssetWorking Paper
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IEA- Advancing Decarbonisation through Clean Electricity ProcurementInternational Energy Agency2022India and IndonesiaFull system Capacity Expansion Model<= HourCountry GridNew AssetsWorking Paper
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Green hydrogen: - how grey can it be?Florence School of Regulation2022GermanyFull system Capacity Expansion Model<= HourEU CountryPPA + 3 y.o. AssetWorking Paper
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* Note that we only list research on the benefits of Granular Accounting that has been performed using holistic capacity expansion power system modelling.
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