FinalMappingMatrix_GenderLegalFrameworks_20102017.xlsx
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Key Priority AreasSADC Gender Protocol Provisions EAC Provisions COMESAIGADECOWAS
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Eradication of Poverty
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Employment15-19) Review, amend and enact laws and develop policies that ensure women and men have equal access to wage employment, to achieve full and productive employment, decent work including social protection and equal pay for work of equal value for all women and men in all sectors of the economy.
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19) Equal Access to Employment and Benefits - State Parties shall review and amend and enact laws and develop policies that ensure women and men have access to wasge employment, to achieve full and productive employment, decent work including social protection and equal pay for work of equal value for all women and men in all sectors in line with the SADC Protocol on Employment and Labour
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Early Child Development14) Enact laws that promote equal access to retention and completion in early childhood education, and primary, secondary, tertiary, vocational and non-formal education including adult literacy in accordance with the Protocol on Education and Training and the Sustainable Development Goals.
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Education and Training14) Adopt and implement gender sensitive educational curriculum, policies and programmes addressing gender stereotypes in education and gender-based violence, amongst others.3. Equal access to quality education
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Science and Technology 14) Undertake special measures to increase the number of girls taking up Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) subjects and Information Communication Technology at the primary, secondary, tertiary and higher levels.
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Health26) Health, Sexual Reproductive Health and Reproductive Rights4. Respect for women’s health rights as human rights40 Improve maternal healthGender and Social Development
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SRHR26) Adopt and implement legislative frameworks, policies, programmes and services to enhance gender sensitive, appropriate and affordable quality health care. 38) Protect the sexual and reproductive health rights of women and youth.
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26) Eliminate maternal mortality. 42            Improve the sexual and reproductive health status of adolescents.
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26) Develop and implement policies and programmes to address the mental, sexual and reproductive health needs of women and men.
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26) Ensure the provision of hygiene and sanitary facilities and nutritional needs of women, including women in prison.
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HIV AND AIDS27) Develop gender sensitive strategies to prevent new infections. 44) Reduce infections and address the socio-economic impact of HIV and AIDS in the region
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27) Ensure universal access to HIV and AIDS treatment for infected women, men, boys and girls with the aim of ending AIDS.
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27) Develop and implement policies and programmes to ensure the appropriate recognition, of the work carried out by care givers, the majority of whom are women; the allocation of resources and psychological support for care-givers as well as promote the involvement of men in the care and support of People Living with Aids.
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Nutrition
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Water and SanitationBy 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe water and sanitation services
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Housing
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Care Work15-19) Recognise and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies.
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15-19) Conduct time use studies and adopt policy measures to promote shared responsibility between men and women within the household and family to ease the burden of the multiple roles played by women.
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Extractive Resources (Mining)12. Gender parity in Extractive Industries34)  Increase the participation of women and youth in the extractive industry.
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Energy28 Promote sustainable and reliable supplies of affordable, accessible, renewable and non-renewable energy, including research into and development of new energy sources.
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Industrialisation24 Promote investment and private sector development policies, programs and activities that take into account special needs of women, men and youth.
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Business15-19) Ensure equal participation by women and men in policy formulation and implementation of economic policies. 6. Women’s Economic Empowerment
21. In order to achieve gender equality and empowerment of women, Member States, Secretariat, Cooperating Partners, and other Stakeholders shall:
Economy, Trade, Transport and Infrastructure
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15-19) Undertake reforms to give women equal rights and opportunity to economic resources, and control and ownership over productive resources, land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance, and natural resources. i.Fully involve women in the formulation of national and regional business and trade policies and legislation;Women’s Empowerment
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15-19) With regard to the affirmative action provisions of Article 5, introduce special measures to develop strategies to ensure that women benefit equally from economic opportunities, including those created through public procurement processes.
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Ensure by 2030 that indigenous women are involved in effective agricultural productivity through equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment7. Gender issues in Agriculture and Food Security
26. Promote gender equality and equity in access, control over and ownership of agriculture based assets, incomes and markets in different value chains.
Gender, Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Food Security
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8. Realisation of women’s rights to access, own and control Land
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Food Security and Nutrition
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By 2030 put in place policies and resources to enhance disaster management programmes
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Climate Change31) Gender and Climate Changes. Develop policies, strategies and programmes to address the gender issues in Climate Change in accordance with the SADC Protocol on Environment and Sustainable Development. 11. Gender issues in environmental Management32 Mainstream gender in environmental and climate change legislation, policies and programmes.Gender, Natural Resources and Environment Protection
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31) Conduct research to assess the differential gendered impacts of climate change and put in place effective mitigration and adaptation measures
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Trade, Movement of Goods and People15-19) Adopt policies and enact laws which ensure equal access, benefits and opportunities for women and men in trade and entrepreneurship, taking into account the contribution of women in the formal and informal sectors. 9. Trade25. In order to ensure gender equity and improve female participation in the COMESA regional trade integration agenda, Member States , Secretariat, Cooperating Partners, and other Stakeholders shall:Economy, Trade
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15-19) Review national trade and entrepreneurship policies, to make them gender responsive. i. Recognize and take measures on pre-existing gender imbalances at the macro and micro levels that determine the differential impact of trade policies and agreements on women and men as employees, producers, service beneficiaries; tax payers and consumers;
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52) Promote effective participation of youth in regional trade and investments.
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58) Create an enabling and gender responsive policy environment for the promotion of Public Private Partnerships in investments.
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Infrastructure and Transport26 Engender transport and telecommunications infrastructure taking into account special needs of women, men and youth. Transport and Infrastructure
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Political Representation12) Repressentation5. Respect for gender parity in Power and Decision Making by 50-50 ratioi. Ensure that Member States meet all regionally and internationally-agreed targets on women participation in key decision-making structures, such as the 50:50 representation of women and men andWomen’s representation in Decision Making
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Political Participation13)Participation22. Promote the equal participation of women, men, and excluded groups in decision-making structures and processes at all levels.
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ii. Promote equal participation of women, men, and excluded people in decisionmaking structures and processes at all levels
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13. The rights of Marginalized Groups46) Mainstream gender and disability in COMESA policies and programs and ensure effective and equal participation of people with disabilities in regional trade and investments.3.9) The Human Rights of Women
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48) Promote the protection of Human Rights of minorities, their full participation and benefit from regional trade, investments and infrastructure development.
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Constitutional Rights4) Endeavour to enshrine gender equality and equity in their Constitutions and ensure that these are not compromised by any provisions, laws or practices. 1. Legal and State Obligations to Protect Human and Women’s Rights (Including Violence Against Women and Girls)
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4-11) Review, amend and or repeal all discriminatory laws.
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6) Abolish the minority status of women.
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4-11) Adopt legislation and related measures to protect people with disabilities and take into account their particular vulnerabilities.
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Family Law8) Marriage and Family Rights
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Marriage4-11) Ensure that no one marries below the age of 1854. Stop child marriage and protect Human Rights of girl children.
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