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Documentation - DatasetV1.0 - 2021-10-07
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Navigation
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Navigation: When viewing or editing a sheet (tab) containing data with many rows and columns (i.e. BIN, NBI, IMD, Instruments) it is best to use the keyboard up/down and left/right arrows (after selecting a cell) or dragging the bottom or right slider bars to navigate.

Viewers: People viewing the dataset should first read the Documentation - Viewer tab before proceeding to the BIN, NBI, IMD, and Instruments viewing tabs (with data auto-populated from the editor tabs below).

Editors: People editing the dataset should first read the Documentation - Editor tab before proceeding to the BIN - Binding Instruments, NBI - Non-Binding Instruments, IMD - International Monitoring Documents, and RI - Related Info data entry tabs.

Links: When clicking a cell containing a link pointing to a file saved in DropBox, there will be a short delay in resolving the hyperlink, and the document appearing in a new browser window.

Search: The entire Google Sheet (i.e. all cells in all tabs) may be searched by selecting Edit | Find and replace (or Ctrl-F and ...).

Google Sheets: Various standard Google Sheet capabilities are available to a Viewer user like: File | Make a copy, Email, Download to export data, and Tools | Notification rules to be notified of any sheet updates. Please search 'Google Sheet Documentation' online for more information.
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About This Dataset
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Objectives
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Finding official instruments and documents relating to human rights and their current country status can be difficult and time consuming, even for experienced researchers. Human Rights Internet built the International Human Rights Database – Canada (IHRD-C) because there was a perceived need for an easy-to-use online resource allowing Canadians and others to find information about international human rights instruments relevant to Canada, Canada’s official position vis-à-vis such instruments, and international human rights jurisprudence relating to Canada.

The information and documents in this dataset are all publicly accessible online. However, this dataset aims to simplify the process of finding international human rights information by collecting the information in one place and making documentation available through a simple link. This dataset will be of use by researchers, lawyers, activists, journalists, and members of the public.

In facilitating access to this information, this dataset will:

Create greater understanding of international human rights and how they apply to Canada
Foster dialogue on Canada’s implementation of its international human rights commitments
Provide a foundation for informed human rights advocacy
Additionally, HRI encourages countries other than Canada to build their own datasets using the IHRD-C as a model. On application, HRI will provide access to the information required to build an International Human Rights Dataset to organizations in other countries who wish to do the same.

PLEASE NOTE THAT THE DATASET documentation has NOT BEEN UPDATED SINCE 2016, when IHRD-C was first developed. However, the structure of the dataset and access to documents have been updated to facilitate usage.
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Contents
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The dataset includes all instruments relevant to international human rights law to our knowledge. The documents in this dataset are all official documents from international organizations and the Canadian government. The dataset does not provide any commentary, critique or summary of international human rights instruments and related materials.

Best efforts have been made to include PDF files taken directly from official sources or non-official yet reliable third-party sites). In some cases, PDF versions were created from HTML text on websites, or specific portions of longer PDF documents were extracted for ease of searching and access (i.e. where certain non-binding instruments and treaty body general comments were a small subset of pages within lengthy meeting records).

Below you will find more detailed information about the documents you can expect to find and the documents that are or are not included.
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Binding Instruments
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The database includes major international and regional multilateral instruments, both those that have been ratified by Canada, and those that have yet to be ratified by Canada.

To compile these Binding Instruments, we used a 2011 list published by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) entitled “Human Rights: Major International Instruments, Status as at 30 June 2011”. Human Rights Internet’s research team then searched by multilateral organization to identify binding instruments that had been created since 2011.

Information about the status of ratification was taken from the UN Treaty Collection site, or other official sites depending on the treaty in question.

INCLUDED:
United Nations (UN) human rights treaties (both “core” and “non-core”)
Organization of American States (OAS) human rights treaties
International Labour Organization (ILO) human rights treaties more strongly relating to human rights
Main international humanitarian, refugee, and criminal law treaties

NOT INCLUDED:
Instruments from the World Health Organization
Bilateral instruments (i.e. trade agreements with labour side agreements)
Regional instruments that Canada is not eligible to become a party to (i.e. Council of Europe or African Union instruments)
ILO treaties with lesser implications for human rights
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Non-Binding Instruments
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Non-binding instruments were taken from a list published by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in 2002: “Human Rights: A Compilation of International Instruments”, ST/HR/1/Rev.6, (Vol. I, Part 1). Research for more recent instruments was carried out on the sites of various international organizations.

INCLUDED:
UN General Assembly and other UN body human rights resolutions (i.e. UNESCO, United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
ILO resolutions strongly related to human rights
Some non-binding instruments from other entities (i.e. G7)

NOT INCLUDED:
ILO resolutions less relevant to human rights
OAS General Assembly human rights resolutions – numerous resolutions are accessible online here, in the records of proceedings of sessions.
Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), WHO, World Bank, L’Organisationinternationale de la Francophonie (OIF) non-binding instruments
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International Monitoring Documents
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Most of these documents were taken directly from the UN Treaty body database. Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) documents were taken from the IACHR site, searching by year for only those documents related to Canada.

INCLUDED:
Documents arising from Canada’s participation in the UN treaty body monitoring process (including information from UN Agencies, and information from National Human Rights Institutions)
UN treaty body jurisprudence on individual complaints
IACHR decisions on individual cases, and IACHR reports on Canada
Some UN Special Rapporteur reports

NOT INCLUDED:
Shadow reports authored by Canadian NGOs for submission to UN treaty bodies
Human Rights Council – Universal Periodic Review documents
ILO jurisprudence and reports
Decisions of the International Court of Justice
Decisions of the International Criminal Court, hybrid, or ad hoc international law tribunals (i.e. International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda or Yugoslavia ICTR or ICTY)
Decisions of Canadian courts, tribunals, or other decision-makers
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Disclaimer
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Best efforts have been made to ensure that this database contains only official, reliable information; however, it is possible there are some errors in the information. Also, while the aim was to provide information platform, our team had to make some inherently subjective determinations as to what to include or exclude.

HRI, the Human Rights Research and Education Centre (HRREC), the University of Ottawa, and the individuals who contributed to the project are not responsible for any harm(s) suffered due to reliance on the information contained in this dataset; users assume any risk due to such reliance. Moreover, HRI, HRREC, the University of Ottawa, and individual project contributors are not responsible for any content provided on third party websites linked to this database.
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