Vertebrate cranial terms - John visit
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synonymsdefinitionrelationshipscommentsQuestions/notesVertebrate anatomy ontologysynonymsdefrelationsCommentsTeleost anatomy ontologysynonymsdefrelationsAmphibian Anatomy OntologysynonymsdefrelationsFoundational Model of Anatomy (human)synonymsdefrelationsUBERONsynonymsdefrelationsMouseXAOZFAsynonymsdefrelations
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skeleton VAO:0000026Anatomical cluster that consists of all the skeletal elements (eg., bone, cartilage, and teeth) of the body.is_a anatomical cluster; part_of skeletal systemskeleton VAO:0000026is_a anatomical cluster; part_of skeletal systemInclude keratinized structures (e.g., beak of bird)?see VAOsee VAOsee VAOsee VAOsee VAOmissingSkeleton FMA:23875Set of all bones; Set of bone of bodySet of bones in the entire body.is_a: Set of bones; part_of Skeletal system; part_of Human bodyUBERON:0004288all the bones and/or cartilaginous elements in the body. With the articular system, this comprises the skeletal system." [FMA:23875, UBERON:cjm, Wikipedia:Skeleton]
is_a: anatomical group; part_of skeletal systemskeleton MA:0003006part_of skeletal systemdon't have only have skeletal system
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articular system VAO:0000181joint systemAnatomical system that consists of all the joints of the body.is_a anatomical system; part_of skeletal systemArticular system FMA:23878Joint System, Set of joints of bodyUBERON:0004770articular system MA:0003007part_of skeletal system?
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axial skeleton VAO:0000056axial skeletal system (exact)Skeletal subdivision of the central body axis including the cranium, vertebrae, notochord, ribs, and sternumaxial skeleton VAO:0000056axial skeletal systemAnatomical cluster of the central body axis including the cranium, vertebrae, notochord, ribs, and sternumis_a anatomical cluster; part_of skeletonsynonym of postcranial axial skeletonaxial skeleton AAO:0000963unclassified; part_of larval skeletal systemAxial skeleton FMA:71221Subdivision of skeleton which consists of skull, set of all vertebrae, set of all ribs and sternum.is_a Subdivision of skeleton; part_of Skeleton; part_of Axial skeletal systemis_a subdivision of skeletal system; part_of skeletonaxial skeleton MA:0000308part_of skeletonpostcranial axial skeleton ZFA:0000317axial skeletonThe post-cranial structural components forming the long axis of the vertebrate body; in Danio, consisting of the notochord, vertebrae, ribs, supraneurals, intermuscular bones, and unpaired median fins.Is_a skeletal system; develops from sclerotome
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cranial skeleton VAO:0000049skull (related), cranium (related), head skeleton (exact)Anatomical cluster of the head consisting of the neurocranium and splanchnocranium.is_a skeletal subdivision; part_of axial skeleton; part_of headSkull is variously defined by different anatomy ontologies; here it is used as a synonym of cranial skeleton.broaden def to include dermatocranium... ; synonyms for cranium, skull change to related VAO:0000049Skeletal system of head including skull (cranium plus mandible), pharyngeal and/or hyoid apparatus."synonym of cranium(1) Set of bones of cranium FMA:71325
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(2) Set of bones of skull FMA:71324
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(3) Skeleton of head FMA:71223
-(1) is_a Subdivision of axial skeleton
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(2) is_a Subdivision of skeleton
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(3) is_a Subdivision of axial skeleton
cranium ZFA:0000737cranial skeletonSkeletal system that is part of the head, including the splanchnocranium, chondrocranium, and dermatocranium.is_a skeletal system; part_of head
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skeletal system VAO:0000027The skeletal system is a multi-element, multi-tissue anatomical cluster that consists of the skeleton and the articular system.is_a anatomical system; part_of musculoskeletal systemDoes def apply to non-vertebrates as well? Skeletal system deals with cellular and extracellular material.skeletal system VAO:0000027Multi-element, multi-tissue anatomical clusteris_a anatomical system; part_of musculoskeletal systemsee VAOsee VAOsee VAOsee VAOsee VAOskeletal system AAO:0000566System that provides physical support to the organismis_a musculoskeletal systemSkeletal system FMA:23881Organ system subdivision which consists of the skeleton and the articular systemis_a organ system subdivision; part_of musculoskeletal systemUBERON:0001434skeletal system MA:0000018part_of musculoskeletal systemXAO:0003060Anatomical system that provides physical support to the organism.part_of musculoskeletal systemskeletal system ZFA:0000434is_a anatomical system
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skulladd as a synonym of cranial skeletonAAO:0010185is_a: anat cluster; part_of headSkull FMA:46565CraniumSubdivision of skeletal system which consists of the skeleton of the head and its jointsIs_a subdivision of skeletal system; part_of skeleton; part_of skeletal systemUBERON:0003129cranial skeleton (related)Anatomical structure that is part of the head consisting entirely of cranium and mandible.has_part mandible; has_part cranium; part_of head; part_of axial skeleton
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craniumadd as a synonym of cranial skeletonTAO:0000737cranial skeleton; skullSkeletal system which is part of the skull, including the splanchnocranium, chondrocranium, and dermatocranium.AAO:0000109Bony structure that encases the central nervous system and the primary sense organs of sight, olfaction, hearing, and equilibrium." [AAO:LAP]is_a skeletal system; part_of skull; part_of headcranium MA:0000316skullpart_of axial skeleton
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neurocraniumbraincase (related); brainbox (related)Anatomical cluster that consists of the skeletal elements surrounding the brain and associated with the sensory organs (olfactory, eye, otic, and laterosensory).Neurocranium includes both mesodermal (e.g., occipital arches, otic capsule) and neural crest (mesectodermal) derivatives (e.g., trabecular cartilages, vomer). Neurocranium includes dermal bones (dermatocranium) and endochondral bones.TAO:0001580braincaseAnatomical cluster that consists of the cartilages and bones that surround the brain.is_a anatomical cluster; part_of craniumAAO:0010153is_a anatomical cluster; part_of skullNeurocranium FMA:53672brainboxpart_of skullUBERON:0001703braincase; brain pan; brain box; part_of cranium; dev_from neural crestneurocranium ZFA:0001580braincaseAnatomical cluster that is the regional skeletal system surrounding the brain.is_a anatomical cluster; part_of cranium
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chondrocraniumAnatomical cluster that consists of the cartilages of the cranial skeletonRestriction of the chondrocranium to cartilaginous elements follows Ballard (1964) and de Beer (1951).TAO:0001424neurocranium; chondrocraniumAnatomical cluster that is part of the cranium and composed of cartilage and cartilage replacement bonesis_a anatomical cluster; part_of craniumAAO:0010169Anatomical cluster that is part of the cranium and composed of cartilage and cartilage replacement bones." [AAO:BJB]is_a: cranium; is_a anatomical cluster; part_of skullChondrocranium FMA:76621is_a Fetal organ system subdivisionUBERON:0002241part_of neurocranium; dev_from mesenchymechondrocranium MA:0000317neurocraniumpart_of craniumchondrocranium ZFA:0001424 chondocraniumAnatomical cluster that is part of the cranium and composed of cartilage and cartilage replacement bones.is_a anatomical cluster; part_of cranium
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osteocraniumAnatomical cluster that consists of the bones of the cranial skeleton.missingDNE?
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dermatocraniumexocranium [exact]Anatomical cluster that consists of the dermal bones of the cranial skeletonDevelopmental origins of dermal bones? all neural crest?TAO:0000863dendrocranium; dermal bone craniumAnatomical cluster that is part of the cranium and composed of dermally derived bonesis_a anatomical cluster; part_of cranium AAO:0010154Anatomical cluster that is part of the cranium which consists of dermally derived bones." [AAO:BJB]is_a anatomical cluster; part_of cranium; part_of skullmissingUBERON:0003113dermal bone craniumpart_of craniumdermatocranium ZFA:0000863dermal bone craniumAnatomical cluster that is part of the cranium and composed of dermally derived bonesis_a anatomical cluster; part_of cranium
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splanchnocraniumvisceral skeleton (exact); viscerocranium (related)Anatomical cluster that consists of the skeletal elements associated with the visceral (pharyngeal) arches, and is derived from neural crest.related synonym viscerocranium (see FMA: facial skeleton) TAO:0001216pharyngeal arch skeleton; pharyngeal skeletonAnatomical cluster that is part of the cranium and consists of the jaws, hyoid and branchial archesis_a anatomical cluster; part_of craniumAAO:0010157Anatomical cluster that is part of the cranium and consists of the jaws, hyoid, and branchial arches." [AAO:EJS]is_a anatomical cluster; part_of cranium; part_of skullmissingsynonym of viscerocraniumsplanchnocranium ZFA:0001216pharyngeal arch skeleton, pharyngeal skeletonAnatomical cluster that is the regional skeletal system of the jaws, hyoid and branchial archesis_a anatomical cluster; part_of cranium
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viscerocraniumis a synonym of splanchnocraniummissingmissingViscerocranium FMA:53673facial skeletonis_a Subdivision of skull; part_of Skull; part_of FaceUBERON:0001704facial bone; facial skeleton; pharyngeal arch skeleton; splanchnocraniumThe part of skull that is derived from branchial archespart_of skull; part_of postcranial axial skeleton; dev_from neural crest; dev_from pharyngeal archviscerocranium MA:0000318part_of cranium
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postcranial axial skeleton VAO:0000093Skeletal system of the central body axis including vertebrae, notochord, ribs, and sternumis_a anatomical cluster; part_of axial skeletonpostcranial axial skeleton VAO:0000093Skeletal system of the central body axis including vertebrae, notochord, ribs, and sternumis_a anatomical cluster; part_of axial skeletonTAO:0000317axial skeletonThe post-cranial structural components forming the long axis of the vertebrate body; usually consists of the notochord, vertebrae, ribs, supraneuralis_a skeletal system; develops_from sclerotomeAAO:0000034axial skeleton (related), spinal column (related), vertebral column (related)def: "The axial skeleton is formed by the vertebral column, a metameric, semi-flexible, arched bar located in the dorsal part of the trunk, and is formed by a series of cartilaginous or bony vertebrae. It provides suspension for the appendicular skeleton and protection for the spinal nerve cord." [AAO:LAP]part_of larval skeletal systemNANANAUBERON:0002090axial skeleton (broad)postcranial axial skeleton MA:0002996part_of axial skeletonsee axial skeleton
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braincaseis a synonym of neurocraniumAAO:0000987part_of larval chondrocranium
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ethmoid regionolfactory region [exact]Anatomical cluster that is located in the anterior region of the cranial skeleton provides structural support for the peripheral olfactory organ.is_a anatomical cluster; part_of cranial skeletonDevelops in part from trabecular cartilageTAO:0000351ethmoid region (olfactory region is preferred term in TAO)Anatomical cluster that is located in the anterior region of the cranium and provides structural support for the peripheral olfactory organ.Part_of craniumAAO:0010206Anatomical cluster that is located in the anterior region of the neurocranium and provides structural support for the olfactory organs."UBERON:0003112olfactory region ZFA:0000351ethmoid regionAnatomical cluster that is located in the anterior region of the cranium and provides structural support for the peripheral olfactory organ.is_a anatomical cluster; part of cranium
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occipital regionAnatomical cluster that is located in the posterior region of the cranial skeleton and forms the margin of the foramen magnum and occiptal condyle.is_a anatomical cluster; part_of cranial skeletonOccipital condyle def: cranial skeletal part of the occipito-vertebral jointTAO:0001414basicranial regionAnatomical cluster that is located in the posterior region of the cranium and forms the margin of the foramen magnum and occiptal condyle.Part_of craniumAAO:0010199An anatomical cluster that is located in the posterior region of the neurocranium and forms the margin of the foramen margin and occipital condylespart_of skulloccipital region ZFA:0001414basicranial regionAnatomical cluster that is located in the posterior region of the cranium and forms the margin of the foramen magnum and occipital condyle.is_a anatomical cluster; part of cranium
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orbital regioncircumorbital region [exact]Anatomical cluster that is the anterolateral part of the cranial skeleton and structurally surrounds the eye. Includes the bones formed and located in the sclerotic layer of the eyeball.is_a anatomical cluster; part_of cranial skeletonTAO:0001410Anatomical cluster that is a anterolateral part of the cranium and structurally supports the eye.Part_of craniumAAO:0010220An anatomical cluster that is part of the cranium and structurally supports the eyepart_of skull; part_of craniumorbit MA:0002482 part_of cranium
part_of face
orbital region ZFA:0001410Anatomical cluster that is a anteriolateral part of the cranium and structurally supports the eye.is_a anatomical cluster; part of cranium
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otic capsuleotic region [exact]Anatomical cluster that is a posterolateral part of the cranium and structurally supports the vestibuloauditory system.is_a anatomical cluster; part_of cranial skeletonTAO:0000189cranial vaultAnatomical cluster that is a posterolateral part of the cranium and structurally supports the vestibuloauditory system.Part_of cranium AAO:0010208Anatomical cluster that is a posterolateral part of the neurocranium and structurally supports the vestibuloauditory systempart_of skullUBERON:0003110otic capsule MA:0000252periotic capsulepart_of inner earauditory capsule ZFA:0001500otic capsuleBilaterally paired cartilage encasing the semicircular canals of the inner ear.is_a chondrocranium cartilage; part_of neurocranium
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sphenoid regionAnatomical cluster that forms the floor and sidewalls of the middle part of the cranium.is_a anatomical cluster; part_of cranial skeletonTAO:0000290Anatomical cluster that forms the floor and sidewalls of the middle part of the cranium.Part_of craniumAAO:0010207Anatomical cluster that forms the floor and sidewalls of the middle part of the neurocraniumUBERON:0003111sphenoid region ZFA:0000290Anatomical cluster that forms the floor and sidewalls of the middle part of the cranium.is_a anatomical cluster; part of cranium
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temporal region
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dermal skeleton VAO:0000035dermoskeleton (exact); desmoskeleton (exact); exoskeleton (exact); dermal skeletal system (exact)Skeletal subdivision that undergoes direct development and includes elements that either develop in association with the basement membrane of the ectoderm or are homologous with such elements; includes dermatocranium, components of the appendicular skeleton, teeth and tooth-like elements of the oropharynx, and integumentary elements.is_a anatomical cluster; part_of skeletondermal skeleton VAO:0000035Skeletal system that undergoes direct development and includes elements that either develop in association with the basement membrane of the ectoderm or are homologous with such elements; includes dermatocranium, components of the appendicular skeleton, teeth and tooth-like elements of the oropharynx, and integumentary elements.part_of skeletonmissing
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endoskeleton (VAO:0000037)replacement skeleton [exact]Skeletal subdivision that undergoes indirect development and includes elements that develop as a replacement or substitution of other elements or tissues.part_of skeleton; is_a anatomical clusterAdd to def: Endoskeletal elements can vary in composition, e.g., bone, cartilge, and develop by endochondral or perichondral ossification.endoskeleton (VAO:0000037)replacement skeletonSkeletal system that undergoes indirect development and includes elements that develop as a replacement or substitution of other elements or tissues.part_of skeleton
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cranial roofskull roof [exact]Anatomical cluster that consists of the dermal bones forming the roof of the braincase.
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basicraniumBasicranium FMA:52801Cranial base, Base of skullis_a Subdivision of skullbasicranium MA:0002840cranial basepart_of cranium
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