Structured Poetry
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LetterSyllablesWordLine
Stanza
FootMeterRefrainEnd Rhyme
Internal Rhyme
ShapeContext# of ConditionsOthersLink
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AcrosticSpell w/ letters1/12
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Balladx2-4iambictetrameter and trimeterabcb defe ...5/12Meter in Ballad known as Balladic meter
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Canzone10 or 117-201-7x4/12
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Cinquain2 4 6 8 2xx3/12Beautiful Cinquains
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Climbing Rhyme
quatrainsx3/12Climbing Rhyme
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Diamantex72/12Need to know parts of speech
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Ekphrasisx1/12A poem about art
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Epistlexx2/12A poem that reads like a letter
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EthereeIncrease each linePyramid2/12
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Found Poemxx2/12Composed by words from other people sometimes taken out of context and rearranged
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Ghazalxxcouplets5 - 15xjust a wordAA xA xA xA xAx8/12
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Haiku5 7 5tercetx3/12About seasons and a moment in time, must contain a juxtaposition of two themes
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Italian Sonnet10 or 111 octave 1 sestetiambic pentameterabbaabba cdcdcd abbaabba cdecdex6/12Must contain a turn
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Kyrielle8quatrains3+tetrameterentire linex6/12Suggested rhymes: aabB, ccbB, ddbB, or axaZ, bxbZ, cxcZ, dxdZ, or abaB, cbcB, dbdB
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Lanturne1 2 3 4 1quintetx3/12
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Limerick9 9 6 6 9quintetanapesticaabba4/12
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Minute Poetry8 4 4 4 ...quatrains3iambicaabb ...5/12
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Naani20-25 totalquatrainx3/12
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Nonetdescending from 9 to 19x3/12
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Ottava Rima10 or 11octivesabababcc ...3/12
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OULIPOx3-quatrain 1-coupletx3/12Math option n+7 Take an existing poem and replace all nouns with a noun seven spaces away in the dictionary
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Palindromex*x*x*x*x5/12Either in word, line, or poem unit, it is read backwards and forwardsThe Palindrome
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PantoumquatrainsInterlocking2/12Linking stanzas making a chain until the last stanza, which uses the first stanza to complete itself.
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Quatern8quatrains4tetrameter4/12
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Quinzaine7 5 3tercetx3/12
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Rispettoquatrains2iambictetrameterabab ccdd5/12for a Heroic Rispetto, use Iambic Pentameter
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Rondeaux5 4 73 Part of line 1aabba aabR aabbaR6/12Refrain is shorter than the other lines. Other lines are relatively the same length.
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Rondel4 4 53entire lineABba abAB abbaA4/12
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Rondeletseptetdimeter[A] and tetrameter[ab]entire lineAbAabbA4/12Refains are in dimeter and the rest are in tetrameter
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Septolet14septet2x4/12
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Sestina6 setset 1 tercet7x*x4/12* End words repeat through the setsets and are intermingled in the concluding tercetExamples
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Sonnet103 quatrains 1 coupletiambic pentameterabab cdcd efef gg abba cddc effe gg abba abba cdcd cd x6/12Must contain a turn
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Terza Rima113 tercet 1 couplet4aba bcb cdc dd4/12Terza Rima
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TerzanelleConsistant5 tercet 1 quatrain6ConsistantABA bCB cDC dED eFE fAFA ABA bCB cDC dED eFE fFAA5/12*Continuing requires going backwards with the syllable count and maintianing it as a quintet: 10 4 3 2 1
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Tetractys1 2 3 4 10quntet*2/12
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The Bop6 8 63end of each stanza3/12
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Trioletoctaveentire lineABaAabAB3/12
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Tyburn2 2 2 2 9 9xsestetUses first lines4/12lines 1 through 4 [adjectives] are the 5th-8th syllables in the last two lines
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Villanelle1-tercet 5-quatrains6iambic*pentameter*entire line
A1bA2 abA1 abA2 abA1 abA2 abA1A2
6/12Villanelle
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3/3922/3910/3932/3915/398/3910/3911/3917/392/394/3910/39
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Resources
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Meter and Beat
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stanza names
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Most Poetry Types
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Canzone
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Poetic Devices
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