Guel Family Historic Timeline
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ABCDE
1
YearIn WorldIn AmericasIn CaliforniaIn Guel Family
2
1325Tenochtitlán is settled by the Mexica
3
1390Original construction of Templo Mayor beings in Tenochtitlán
4
1431Joan of Arc leads French against English in 1428, burned at the stake as a witch after ecclesiastical trial.
5
1438Incas rule in Peru
6
1440Reign of the fifth Azteca emperor, Moctezuma I, who is also referred to as Montezuma I
7
1469Isobella and Ferdinand of Spain marryMontezuma I's reign ends
8
1479They unite Castile and Aragon
9
1492Columbus sails west and lands at Santa Domingo
10
1493Pope divides world between Spain and Portugal
11
1500First mention of a mythical California
12
1513Ponce de Leon lands in Florida
13
1513Balboa crosses the Panama Isthmus
14
1519Magellan starts an around-the-world tripLanding of Hernan Cortes on the Yucatan peninsula, then in Tenochtitlán
15
1520Cortes allies with Tlaxcala, enemies of the Aztec; assault on the empire begins. Spanish and native allies suffered heavy losses
16
1520Small pox epidemic reaches the Aztec empire
17
1521Cortes takes Mexico City for Spain, fall of Tenochtitlán. Cuauhetemoc surrenders to Cortes, destruction of the city
18
1524France claims North AmericaFrench expedition finds New York Bay
19
1525Cuauhtemoc is hung by the Spaniards
20
1535Cartier sails to Montreal for France
21
1539DeSoto lands in Florida for Spain
22
1542Coronado in TX, OK and KS for SpainCabrillo in San Diego for Spain
23
1543Copernicus makes his heliocentric theory
24
1563Bubonic plague sweeps through Europe
25
1565Spain takes and names Philippine IslandsFirst Spanish colony in Florida
26
1569Mercator improves mapping of the world
27
1579Drake lands in Northern California
28
1584Raleigh lands in Virginia, names and claims it
29
1588England defeats the Spanish Armada
30
1596Spain explores Southern California
31
1598First Spanish colony in New Mexico
32
1602Vizcaino lands in Monterey, claims it
33
1607English colony at Jamestown, Virginia
34
1608French colony in Quebec
35
1609The Dutch settle in New York
36
1610Spanish settle Santa Fe, New Mexico
37
1620Pilgrims reach Massachusetts
38
1621Kepler supports Copernicus' theory
39
1638Swedes on Delaware River
40
1640English settle Boston
41
1658French are west of Lake Superior
42
1664New York is under English now
43
1670English found Hudson Bay Company
44
1673French explore the Mississippi River
45
1682William Penn settles Philadelphia
46
1682France claims Mississippi River Valley
47
1685Newton's Law of Gravitational Force
48
1695Spain has Baja California mission
49
1698Spanish in Pensacola, Florida
50
1699French on lower Mississippi River
51
1701Spanish from Colorado River to California
52
1702French settle Alabama
53
1705Ships' wheel developed
54
1713Junipero Serra born Majorca, Spain
55
1718French settle New Orleans, Louisiana
56
1718Spanish in San Antonio, Texas
57
1723Portola born in Catalonia, Spain
58
1726Spanish settle Uruguay
59
1731Hadley of England makes sextantGodfrey of MA makes sextant
60
1733English settle Georgia
61
1741Russians find Alaska
62
1743Thomas Jefferson born in Virginia
63
1756Seven years war, England vs. France
64
1763England defeats France
65
1765Parliament enacts Stamp Tax
66
1768Spain on West Cost of Mexico
67
1769Spain founds San Diego
68
1770Spain founds Monterey
69
1773Boston Tea PartyDeAnza's 1st expedition, exploration of Alta California
70
1775American Revolution
71
1776Independence DeclarationDeAnza's 2nd expedition to settle a colony
72
1777Continental Congress
73
1778Cook visits western North America
74
1780Americans settle Kentucky
75
1784Russian outpost in Alaska
76
1786George Washington is first presidentLaPerouse visits Monterey
77
1788United States Constitution adopted
78
1792Vancouver visits California
79
1796First American ship to Monterey
80
1803Louisiana purchased from France
81
1804Lewis and Clark Expedition sets out
82
1806Russians visit San Francisco
83
1810El Grito de Lares begins the Mexican War of Independence between Mexico and Spain
84
1812Russian colony in Northern California
85
1816United States at war with England
86
1821Mexico independent from Spain
87
1821Americans settle in Texas
88
1831Darwin sails on the Beagle
89
1833Americans in Yosemite
90
1834Spanish Inquisition officially ends
91
1836Battle for Alamo in Texas
92
1841Russians abandon Fort Ross
93
1844Fremont in central California
94
1845President Polk takes Texas in Union
95
1846United States and Mexico at warSloat takes California for United States
96
1847General Scott in Mexico
97
1848Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends war
98
1848Gold discovery in California
99
1849California Constitutional Convention
100
1850Compromise of 1850: Texas ceded its claims to areas east of Rio Grande & US government established New Mexico as a territory on 9/9/1850California becomes 31st state in union
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