T75 Squid 2019
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Fishery Information
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Improvement StatusFisheryFishSource RatingSustainability IssuesImprovement Objectives
Improvements (2 years)
FIP Rating & Comment
Additional Improvement Needs/Comments
% of Sector
3
Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)
US, longfin squid - NW Atlantic (FAO 21)
Medium RiskRebuilding and harvest strategy
Bycatch
research alternative measures to minimize unwanted mortality of bycatch species
Conducted MSC FA and got certified in May 2018
NANA0.3
4
Improving (FIP A-C)Auckland Islands Arrow Squid FIPNot yet scoredStock status/assessment
Rebuilding and harvest strategy
Management actions to address stock status/harvest controls
Conducted MSC PA, identified issues with P1, working with MSC to address in fishery
A – All good
Not according to PA findings
0.2
5
Improving (FIP A-C)New Zealand EEZ Squid FIPNot yet scoredStock status/assessment
Rebuilding and harvest strategy
Management actions to address stock status/harvest controls
Conducted MSC PA, identified issues with P1, working with MSC to address in fishery
A – All good
Not according to PA findings
0.2
6
Improving (FIP A-C)China, mitre squidHigh Risk
IUU known to occur
Limited harvest control measures
Limited fishery information available
Establish data collection system
Identify and establish minumum harvest size
Establish pilot fishery management committee
Enhance overall management and stock status to achieve MSC certification
Stakeholders are organized and engaged, funding secured
Workplan developed to establish data collection
Fishery evaluation conducted
C – Continue with timely workplan activities
Unknown0,8 (of 2,64%)
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Improving (FIP A-C)Mexico, GoM Jumbo Flying SquidHigh Risk
Lack information on stock assessments
Biomass and fishing mortality estimates have not been estimated from stock assessment models in recent years
Transform the management of artisanal and industrial giant squid fisheries in Mexico, through impelmentation of international sustainable fishing standards with a partcipatory approach
FIP formally launched in June 2017 and first activities reported in Jan 2018
C - Continue with timely workplan activities
Continue with activities to establish an effective FIP
0,06 (of 0,26%)
8
Improving (FIP A-C)Peru, jumbo flying squidHigh Risk
Management does not ecompass entire stock, high seas portion of stock unregulated
Uncertainty in stock structure
Stock assessment needs improvement on fishery dependent and independent data
No official management objectives or plan with HCR or reference points
Acceptable biological catch below advised TAC
Some association with IUU fishing
Ecosystem and PET species impacts unknown
Limited bycatch data in artisanal fishery
To improve the availability of accurate data to address sustainability issues focusing in a stock assessment methodology and a fleet-based data gathering system
Ensure long-term livelihoods of fishing communities and their sustainability thorugh the regularization of the fleet
Develop a pre-assessment against MSC standards, set up a public reporting system and design an action plan.
Promote the FIP transition to comprehensive FIP
FIP has been launched in May 2017 and published in fisheryprogress in November 2018 as basic FIP; SR members and other stakeholders established Committee for the Sustainable Management of Souther Pacific Jumbo Flying Squid (CALAMASUR) and are moving forward with management and data collection improvements as well as regulatory advocacy
Not yet rated
Continue with improvement efforts per FIP workplan and under CALAMASUR
16.2
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Fishery targets of SRChina, jumbo flying squid (FAO 87)High Risk
High seas fishery with limited management or enforcement
Uncertainty in stock assessments, biology, stock structure
Limited fisheries data available
Need to engage Chinese industry and supply chains in improvements, establish regional management agreements with Peru and Chile
8.9
10
Fishery targets of SRChile, jumbo flying squidHigh Risk
Management does not ecompass entire stock, high seas portion of stock unregulated
Uncertainty in stock structure
Stock assessment needs improvement on fishery dependent and independent data
No official management objectives or plan with HCR or reference points
Acceptable biological catch below advised TAC
Some association with IUU fishing
Ecosystem and PET species impacts unknown
Limited bycatch data in artisanal fishery
No FIP – SR members and other stakeholders established Committee for the Sustainable Management of Souther Pacific Jumbo Flying Squid (CALAMASUR) and are moving forward with management and data collection improvements as well as regulatory advocacy
NANA
Continue with improvement efforts under CALAMASUR and establish FIP
4.7
11
Fishery targets of SR
Ecuador, jumbo flying squid (Eastern Pacific)
Not yet scoredNANANANANA0.5
12
Fishery targets of SR
South Korea, jumbo flying squid (FAO 87)
Not yet scoredNANANANA
Need to engage Chinese industry and supply chains in improvements, establish regional management agreements with Peru and Chile
0.2
13
Fishery targets of SR
China, Argentine shortfin squid (FAO 41)
High Risk
High seas fishery with no functioning RFMO or management plan
High level of IUU, reaching 40% of total catch
No specific management plan
Pre-recruit survey not conducted in recent years, impacting spawning and biomass estimates
Interactions with PET species unknown
Escapements below management threshold
No FIPNANA
Need to engage Chinese industry and supply chains in improvements
8.9
14
Fishery targets of SRArgentina, Argentine shortfin squidHigh Risk
Stock subject to high fishing pressure outside of EEZ where no RFMO or high seas management exists
High level of IUU by foreign fleets in EEZ
No specific management plan
Pre-recruit survey not conducted in recent years, impacting spawning and biomass estimates
Interactions with PET species unknown
Escapements below management threshold
No FIP – SR members are working torwards developing FIP
NANA
Continue with activities establish effective FIP based on Fishsource evaluation
4.5
15
Fishery targets of SR
South Korea, Argentine shortfin squid (FAO 41)
High Risk
High seas fishery with no functioning RFMO or management plan
High level of IUU, reaching 40% of total catch
No specific management plan
Pre-recruit survey not conducted in recent years, impacting spawning and biomass estimates
Interactions with PET species unknown
Escapements below management threshold
No FIPNANA
Need to engage Korean industry and supply chains in improvements
2.7
16
Fishery targets of SR
Spain, Argentine shortfin squid (FAO 41)
High Risk
High seas fishery, lack of RFMO and management plan
High levels of IUU
Transboundary resource w/ high fishing preasure
Interactions with PET species unknown
Escapements below management threshold
No FIPNANA
Establish effective FIP
0.9
17
Fishery targets of SR
Falkland Islands, Argentine shortfin squid
High Risk
Stock subject to fishing pressure outside of EEZ where no RFMO or high seas management
High level of IUU
No specific management plan
Pre-recruit survey not conducted in recent years, impacting spawning and biomass estimates
Interactions with PET species unknown
Escapements below management threshold
No FIP – SR members are working torwards developing FIP
NANA
Continue with activities to stablish effective FIP based on Fishsource evaluation
0.2
18
Fishery targets of SR
South Korea, Japanese flying squid (East China Sea and East/Japan Sea)
Data Deficient
Lack information on stock assessments
Transboundary stock and limited management plan or RFMO-type management
Unquantified IUU in Korean and Chinese waters
No FIPNANA
Support ongoing activities to develop JFS FIP
4.3
19
Fishery targets of SR
Japan, Japanese flying squid (East China Sea and East/Japan Sea)
Medium Risk
Limited data on shared stock harvested in Korean and Chinese waters
Unquantified IUU in Korean and Chinese waters
NANANA
Management, compliance and stock health doing fairly well in Japanese waters, but stock will need to be managed through regional agreements between Japan, China, and Korea
4.6
20
Fishery targets of SRChina, squids nei
Data Deficient (Japanese Flying Squid – East China Sea and Japan Sea)
Lack information on stock assessments
Transboundary stock and limited management plan or RFMO-type management
Unquantified IUU in Korean and Chinese waters
Prospective FIP developed
FIP participants identified,
Supply chains engaged;
FIP Launch workshop in July 2017 preparing work planning and pubication by end of year
NA
Continue with activities to establish an effective FIP
7.2
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Fishery targets of SRFalkland Islands, Patagonian squid
Draft FS profile not yet public
Bycatch concerns
Benthic impacts from trawl gear not quantified
Trophic impacts unknown
No FIPNANA
Complete FS profile
1.1
22
Fishery targets of SR
Indonesia, common squids nei (FAO 71)
Not yet scoredNANANANA
Create a Fishsource profile
2.9
23
Fishery targets of SR
Indonesia, common squids nei (FAO 57)
Not yet scoredNANANANA
Create a Fishsource profile
1
24
Fishery targets of SR
Thailand, common squids nei (FAO 71)
Not yet scoredNANANANA
Create a Fishsource profile
1.9
25
Fishery targets of SR
Thailand, common squids nei (FAO 57)
Not yet scoredNANANANA
Create a Fishsource profile
0.4
26
Fishery targets of SRIndia, squids nei (FAO 51, 57)High Risk
Open access fishery
No HCR or regulations to limit effort
Reference points not avaialable or applied in management
Limited data on stock
Limited fishery specific data available
No FIP – Some stakeholders have identified Indian squid as a target for MSC or FIP in India
NANA
Support effort to engage fishery in MSC or FIP
2.2
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Total77.60%
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