Super Clear Cognates - Latin & English
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**Reformatted Tabs 7.30.18** This document is a growing list of super clear cognates. Considering the English vocabulary of a typical high school learner (i.e. more limited vocabulary of non-native, less-privileged English speakers with lower literacy rates, or kids who just don't read much at home), some of these will be less-clear than others. Thank you for contributing where you can (and please follow style, formatting, and adding words to appropriate tabs), and make use of this list in an effort to make Latin more comprehensible for your learners! N.B. As long as a dictionary entry includes a matching cognate at least once in the list of meanings, it's here (e.g. convertere to mean "convert" despite the primary meaning of convertere is "turn around/reverse"). - Magister P
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Part of SpeechLatin Word (many cognate adverbs can be formed from these)English Word (don't include all meanings, just the cognate)NotesDisputes/Comments
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adjectiveabductusabducted
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adjectiveabsensabsent
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adjectiveabsolūtusabsolute
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adjectiveabsurdusabsurd
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nounaccidentiaaccident
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verbaccommodāreaccommodate
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verbadhaerēreadherepotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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verbadulterārecommit adulterypotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounadultusadult
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adjectiveaquāticusaquatic
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nounastronautaastronaut
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verbaccipereaccept
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verbaccūsāreaccuse
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nounactoractornominative is transparent
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adjectiveadeptusadeptpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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verbadministrāreadminister
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nounadministrātoradministratornominative is transparent
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verbadoptāreadopt
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adjectiveaeternuseternal
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verbafficereaffect
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verbaffirmāreaffirmpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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adjectiveagilisagilispotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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verbagitāreagitatepotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounaltāraltarnominative is transparent
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nounamphitheātrumamphitheaterpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounangulusangle
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nounanimal (n)animalnominative/accusative is transparent
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adjectiveantīquusantique
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adjectiveānxiusanxious
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adjectivearcānusarcanepotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounarchitectusarchitect
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nounāreaareanominative is transparent
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adjectivearrogānsarrogant
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nounarsart
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verbascendereascendpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounastrologiaastrology
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nounastronautaastronaut
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verbattemptāreattempt
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nounauguraugurnominative is transparent
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adjectivebenevolensbenevolentpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounbestiabeast
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verbcacārecaca
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nouncadaver (n)cadaverpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nouncamēluscamel
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nouncandidātuscandidate
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adjectivecānīnuscanine
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adjectivecaptīvuscaptive
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nouncausacause
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nouncautiōcaution
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adjectivecautuscautious
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nouncavernacavernpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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verbcelebrārecelebrate
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nouncirculuscircle
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adjectivecīvīliscivilpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounclāmorclamor
nominative/accusative is transparent, but potentially not in learner's vocabulary
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adjectiveclārusclear
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verbcoercērecoercepotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nouncollārecollar
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nouncollectiōcollection
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nouncolorcolornominative is transparent
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nouncolumnacolumn
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adjectivecommendātuscommendedpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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verbcommitterecommit
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verbcommūnicārecommunicate
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nouncommūnicātiōcommunication
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adjectivecommūniscommon
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nouncommūnitāscommunity
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adjectivecompactuscompact
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adjectivecompārābiliscomparable
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nouncompetītorcompetitornominative is transparent
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adjectivecomplētuscomplete
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verbconclūdereconclude
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nounconclūsiōconclusion
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verbconfessus estconfessed
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adjectiveconfīdēnsconfident
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verbconfirmāreconfirm
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adjectiveconfūsusconfused
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adjectivecongruenscongruentpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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verbconsentīreconsent
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nounconsequensconsequencepotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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adjectiveconsīderātusconsideratepotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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adjectiveconstansconstant
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adjectiveconstructusconstructed
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verbconsūmereconsume
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nouncontactus, ūscontact
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adjectivecontāminātuscontaminated
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nounconstitūtiōconstitution
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nouncontractus,ūscontract (written agreement)see L&S and PHI -- this is not Ciceronian but good juridical Latin
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verbcontrādīcerecontradict
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nouncontrōversiacontroversy
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verbconvertereconvert
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nouncūrātorcuratornominative is transparent
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adjectivecūriōsuscurious
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verbdecorāredecorate
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verbdēfenderedefend
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verbdēfraudāredefraudpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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adjectivedēliciōsusdelicious
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noundēlīriumdelirium
nominative/accusative is transparent, but potentially not in learner's vocabulary
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