ABCDEFG
1
**4.20.21** This document is a growing list of cognates, words that novice language learners rely heavily on whenever available. Considering the English vocabulary of a typical high school learner (i.e. more limited vocabulary of non-native, less-privileged English speakers with lower literacy rates, or kids who just don't read much at home), some of these will be less-clear than others. I've removed the "potentially not in learner's vocabulary" note since every cognate is individual-dependent anyway. This list remains a collection of fairly clear to super clear cognates. We'd love to find more of the latter, but of course, all of these increase the likelihood of Latin being understood. Thank you for contributing where you can (and please follow style, formatting, and adding words to appropriate tabs), and make use of this list in an effort to make Latin more comprehensible for your learners! N.B. As long as a dictionary entry includes a matching cognate at least once in the list of meanings, it's here (e.g. convertere to mean "convert" despite the primary meaning of convertere is "turn around/reverse"). - Magister P
2
Part of SpeechLatin Word (many cognate adverbs can be formed from these)English Word (don't include all meanings, just the cognate)Disputes/Comments
3
nounabdōmenabdomen
4
adjectiveabductusabducted
5
nounabbreviātiōabbreviation
6
nounabolitiōabolition
7
nounabōminābilisabominable
8
nounabōminātiōabomination
9
adjectiveaborīgineusaboriginal
10
adjectiveabsēnsabsent
11
adjectiveabsolūtusabsolute
12
verbabsolvereabsolve
13
verbabsorbēreabsorb
14
adjectiveabstractusabstract
15
adjectiveabsurdusabsurd
16
adjectiveabundānsabundant
17
nounabūsiōabuse
18
verbaccelereaccelerate
19
nounaccentusaccent
20
nounaccidentiaaccident
21
verbaccipereaccept
22
verbaccommodāreaccommodate
23
verbaccumulāreaccumulate
24
verbaccūsāreaccuse
25
verbacquīrereacquire
26
nounactiōaction
27
adjectiveactīvusactive
28
nounactoractor
29
nounadditiōaddition
30
adjectiveadeptusadept
31
verbadhaerēreadhere
32
verbadministrōadminister
33
adjectiveadmīrābilisadmirable
34
nounadmīrātiōadmiration
35
nounadmonitiōadmonition
36
verbadoptāreadopt
37
adjectiveadōrābilisadorable
38
verbadōrāreadore
39
nounadulēscēnsadolescent
40
verbadulterārecommit adultery
41
nounadultusadult
42
nounadversāriusadversary
43
verbadministrāreadminister
44
nounadministrātoradministrator
45
adjectiveaenigmaenigma
46
adjectiveaequālisequal
47
nounaequilībriumequilibrium
48
nounaequinoctiumequinox
49
adjectiveaeternuseternal
50
adjectiveaffābilisaffable
51
verbafficereaffect
52
verbaffirmāreaffirm
53
adjectiveaffluēnsaffluent
54
adjectiveagilisagilis
55
verbagitāreagitate
56
verbaggravāreaggravate
57
nounagricultūraagriculture
58
nounalphabētumalphabet
59
nounaltāraltar
60
nounaltercātiōaltercation
61
nounaltitūdōaltitude
62
adjectiveambiguusambiguous
63
adjectiveambitiōsusambitious
64
nounamphitheātrumamphitheater
65
verbamplificāreamplify
66
nounangelusangel
67
nounangulusangle
68
nounanimal (n)animal
69
nounanōmaliaanomaly
70
adjectiveantīquusantique
71
adjectiveānxiusanxious
72
verbappārēreappear
73
nounappetītusappetite
74
verbapplaudereapplaud
75
verbapprehendereapprehend
76
adjectiveaquāticusaquatic
77
adjectivearcānusarcane
78
nounarchitectusarchitect
79
nounāreaarea
80
nounargūmentumargument
81
adjectivearrogānsarrogant
82
nounarsart
83
adjectiveartificiālisartificial
84
verbascendereascend
85
verbassociāreassociate
86
verbassīgnāreassign
87
nounastrologiaastrology
88
nounastronautaastronaut
89
adjectiveāthlēticusathletic
90
verbattemptāreattempt
91
nounaudītōriumauditorium
92
nounauguraugur
93
adjectivebenevolensbenevolent
94
nounbestiabeast
95
verbcacārecaca
96
nouncadāver (n)cadaver
97
verbcalculārecalculate
98
nouncalculātiōcalculation
99
nouncamēluscamel
100
nouncandidātuscandidate