Super Clear Cognates - Latin & English
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**Reformatted Tabs 7.30.18** This document is a growing list of super clear cognates. Considering the English vocabulary of a typical high school learner (i.e. more limited vocabulary of non-native, less-privileged English speakers with lower literacy rates, or kids who just don't read much at home), some of these will be less-clear than others. Thank you for contributing where you can (and please follow style, formatting, and adding words to appropriate tabs), and make use of this list in an effort to make Latin more comprehensible for your learners! N.B. As long as a dictionary entry includes a matching cognate at least once in the list of meanings, it's here (e.g. convertere to mean "convert" despite the primary meaning of convertere is "turn around/reverse"). - Magister P
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Part of SpeechLatin Word (many cognate adverbs can be formed from these)English Word (don't include all meanings, just the cognate)NotesDisputes/Comments
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adjectiveabductusabducted
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adjectiveabsēnsabsent
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adjectiveabsolūtusabsolute
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adjectiveabsurdusabsurd
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nounaccidentiaaccident
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verbaccommodāreaccommodate
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nounactiōaction
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verbadhaerēreadherepotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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verbadulterārecommit adulterypotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounadultusadult
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adjectiveaquāticusaquatic
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nounastronautaastronaut
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verbaccipereaccept
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verbaccūsāreaccuse
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nounactoractornominative is transparent
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adjectiveadeptusadeptpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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verbadministrāreadminister
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nounadministrātoradministratornominative is transparent
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verbadoptāreadopt
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adjectiveaeternuseternal
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verbafficereaffect
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verbaffirmāreaffirmpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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adjectiveagilisagilispotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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verbagitāreagitatepotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounaltāraltarnominative is transparent
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adjectiveambitiōsusambitiouspotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounamphitheātrumamphitheaterpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounaltercātiōaltercationpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounangulusangle
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nounanimal (n)animalnominative/accusative is transparent
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adjectiveantīquusantique
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adjectiveānxiusanxious
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verbapplaudereapplaud
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verbappārēreappear
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adjectivearcānusarcanepotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounarchitectusarchitect
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nounāreaareanominative is transparent
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nounargūmentumargument
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adjectivearrogānsarrogant
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nounarsart
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adjectiveartificiālisartificial
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verbascendereascendpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounastrologiaastrology
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nounastronautaastronaut
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verbattemptāreattempt
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nounauguraugurnominative is transparent
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adjectivebenevolensbenevolentpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounbestiabeast
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verbcacārecaca
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nouncadāver (n)cadaverpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nouncamēluscamel
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nouncandidātuscandidate
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adjectivecanīnuscanine
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adjectivecaptīvuscaptive
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nouncausacause
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nouncautiōcaution
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adjectivecautuscautious
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nouncavernacavernpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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verbcelebrārecelebrate
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nouncereāliscereal
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nouncirculuscircle
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adjectivecīvīliscivilpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nounclāmorclamor
nominative/accusative is transparent, but potentially not in learner's vocabulary
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adjectiveclārusclear
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verbcoercērecoercepotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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nouncollārecollar
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nouncollectiōcollection
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nouncolorcolorbenevolēns
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nouncolumnacolumn
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adjectivecommendātuscommendedpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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verbcommitterecommit
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verbcommūnicārecommunicate
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nouncommūnicātiōcommunication
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adjectivecommūniscommon
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nouncommūnitāscommunity
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adjectivecompactuscompact
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adjectivecompārābiliscomparable
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verbcompārōcompare
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nouncompetītorcompetitornominative is transparent
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adjectivecomplētuscomplete
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verbcompōnōcomposeperfect system is clearer (e.g. composuī)
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verbconclūdereconclude
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nounconclūsiōconclusion
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verbcōnfessus estconfessed
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adjectivecōnfīdēnsconfident
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verbcōnfirmāreconfirm
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adjectivecōnfūsusconfused
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adjectivecongruēnscongruentpotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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verbcōnsentīreconsent
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nouncōnsequēnsconsequencepotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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adjectivecōnsīderāreconsider
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verbcōnsīderātusconsiderate
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verbcōnsōlārīconsolepotentially not in learner's vocabulary
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adjectivecōnstānsconstant
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nouncōnstitūtiōconstitution
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adjectivecōnstructusconstructed
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verbcōnsultāreconsult
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verbcōnsūmereconsume
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