Computational Thinking for Educators: Activity Standards
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CSTANGSSCommon CoreIndiaIndia ICTPhilippinesSouth AfricaEngland ComputingEngland
3B-2. Analyze the beneficial and harmful effects of computing innovations.MS-ETS1-1: Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSG.MG.A.3 Apply geometric methods to solve design problems (e.g., designing an object or structure to satisfy physical constraints or minimize cost; working with typographic grid systems based on ratios).*Class VII - Mathematics Unit 12 Data Handling: Collection and Organization - Collection and organization of data- choosing the data
to collect for a hypothesis testing Year 01
Week 04 – 05: Software applications 01 (maps and globe)
M7GE-IIIa-1: represents point, line and plane using concrete and pictorial models.Economic and Management Sciences - Grade 8 - Term 2 - Weeks 4-6 - Entrepreneurship: natural resourcesKey Stage 3 - APSBTT design, use and evaluate computational abstractions that model the state and behaviour of real-world problems and physical systemsMathematics - Key Stage 3/4 - Reason mathematically - make and test conjectures about patterns and relationships; look for proofs or counter-examples
2-1. Recognize that computers are devices that execute programs.MS-ETS1-2: Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.CCSS.MATH.PRACTICE.MP1: Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.Class VIII - Mathematics Unit 10: Representing 3D in 2D - Introduction to Map - Identify different symbols in a given map, draw
simple route maps
PPT11/12-Ij-4.3: Show that care for the environment contributes to health, well-being and sustainable developmentEconomic and Management Sciences - Grade 9 - Term 2 - Weeks 8-9 - Entrepreneurship: sustainable use of resources in the three sectorsKey Stage 3 - APSBTT understand several key algorithms that reflect computational thinking [for example, ones for sorting and searching]; use logical reasoning to compare the utility of alternative algorithms for the same problemMathematics - Key Stage 3/4 - Solve problems - select appropriate concepts, methods and techniques to apply to unfamiliar and non-routine problems; interpret their solution in the context of the given problem
2-9. Collect and analyze data that is output from multiple runs of a computer program.MS-ETS1-3: Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.CCSS.MATH.PRACTICE.MP2: Reason abstractly and quantitatively.Class IX Mathematics - Unit VII: Statistics - Collection of data, presentation of data — tabular form, ungrouped / grouped, bar graphs,
histograms (with varying base lengths), frequency polygons,
PPT11/12-Ij-4.4: Demonstrate the virtues of prudence and frugality towards environmentsLife Orientation - Grade 7 - Term 3 - Weeks 5-7 - Health, social and environmental responsibility - Concept: environmental health - Problem-solving skills: an action plan to address an environmental health problem and formulate environmentally sound
choices and actions
Key Stage 3 - APSBTT undertake creative projects that involve selecting, using, and combining multiple applications, preferably across a range of devices, to achieve challenging goals, including collecting and analysing data and meeting the needs of known usersMathematics - Key Stage 3 - Ratio, proportion and rates of change - use scale factors, scale diagrams and maps
2-4. Demonstrate an understanding of algorithms and their practical application.MS-ETS1-4: Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.CCSS.MATH.PRACTICE.MP5: Use appropriate tools strategically.Class X Science Theme : Natural Resources (12 Periods)
Unit V: Natural Resources
Conservation of natural resources

IIh-33: identify new challenges faced by human populations in contemporary societies
Life Orientation - Grade 8 - Term 3 - Weeks 4-6 - Health, social and environmental responsibility - Concept: environmental health issues - Application of laws and policies to protect the environmental health: address an environmental issue
- Earth Day: preservation of the environment:
- Honouring Earth Day: ways of being kinder to Earth
Key Stage 4 - APSBTT develop their capability, creativity and knowledge in computer science, digital media and information technology
Science - Key Stage 3 - Physics - Energy
Calculation of fuel uses and costs in the domestic context -
--domestic fuel bills, fuel use and costs
--fuels and energy resources
2-15. Provide examples of interdisciplinary applications of computational thinking.HS-ETS1-1: Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
CCSS.MATH.PRACTICE.MP7: Look for and make use of structure.
Class VIII - Social Science Unit-8: Resources - Need and conservation of resourcesUCSP11/12CSC-IIi-34: describe how human societies adapt to new challenges in the physical, social, and cultural environmentMathematics - Grade 7-9 - Topic 5.1: Collect, organize, and summarize data - Collect data: pose questions relating to social, economic, and environmental issues in own environment
Key Stage 4 - APSBTT develop and apply their analytic, problem-solving, design, and computational thinking skills
Design and Technology - Key Stage 3 - Design - identify and solve their own design problems and understand how to reformulate problems given to them
2-14. Examine connections between elements of mathematics and computer science including binary numbers, logic, sets, and functions.
HS-ETS1-3: Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.
CCSS.MATH.PRACTICE.MP8: Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.
Class X Science Theme : Natural Resources (08 Periods)
Unit V: Natural Resources
Sources of energy : Different forms of energy, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: Fossil fuels, solar energy;
biogas; wind, water and tidal energy; Nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources of Energy
S11ES-Ie-f-13: cite ways to address the different environmental concerns related to the use of fossil fuels, geothermal energy, and hydroelectric energyMathematics - Grade 7-9 - Topic 5.3: Interpret, analyse, and report data - Critically read and interpret data presented in a variety of ways: words, bargraphs, double bargraphs, histograms, pie charts, broken line graphs;
Geography - Key Stage 3 - Human and physical geography -
understand, through the use of detailed place-based exemplars at a variety of scales, the key processes in:
--human geography relating to: population and urbanisation; international development; economic activity in the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary sectors; and the use of natural resources
2-9. Interact with content-specific models and simulation to support learning and research.
HS-ETS1-4: Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
Class IX - X Social Studies Unit 2 : India - Resources and their Development 45 Periods - Themes 1: Resources and Development - Understand the value of resources and the need for their
judicious utilisation and conservation.
HUMSS_DIS 11-IVd-10: 9.1. distinguish the ways by which human-environment interactions shape cultural and natural landscapesMathematics - Grade 8-9 - Topic 5.3: Interpret, analyse, and report data - Critically analyse data by answering questions related to: data collection methods, samples and populations, error and bias in the data, data summary
Geography - Key Stage 3 - Geographical skills and fieldwork -
--build on their knowledge of globes, maps and atlases, and apply and develop this knowledge routinely in the classroom and in the field
--interpret Ordnance Survey maps in the classroom and the field, including using grid references and scale, topographical and other thematic mapping, and aerial and satellite photographs
3A-8. Use modeling and simulation to represent and understand natural phenomena.Class XII Political Science - 8 Environment and Natural Resources
Environment movement and evolution of global environmental norms. Conflicts over traditional
and common property resources. Rights of indigenous people. India's stand in global
environmental debates.
HUMSS_MCT12-Ih-i-1: List activities that exemplify care forthe environmentNatural Sciences - Grade 7 - Term 3 - Topic: Sources of energy - Renewables and non-renewable sources of energy: non-renewable sources of energy cannot be replenished once used such as fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) and nuclear fuels (such as uranium) [Links to Planet Earth and Beyond Grade 7 Term 4]
3B-8. Use modeling and simulation to help formulate, refine, and test scientific hypotheses.Class IX Geography Part – C: Practical Work 50 Periods
Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps 20 Periods
• Geo spatial data, Concept of Geographical data matrix; Point, line, area data.
HUMSS_MCT12-Ih-i-2: Explain the effects of consumption andproduction patterns that contribute to the problem of climate change.Geography - Grade 7 - Term 1 - Topic: Map skills - Sketch maps and explaining routes: Sketching maps to show the route from one place to another, Explaining a route verbally (include estimating distances)
3B-9. Analyze data and identify patterns through modeling and simulation.
Class IX Geography Part – C: Practical Work 50 Periods
Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps 20 Periods
•Maps -types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding direction and use
of symbols.
HUMSS_MCT12-Ih-i-3: Explain and illustrate personalcontributions that can actually solve the problem of climate changeGeography - Grade 7 - Term 4 - Topic: Natural resources and conservation
in South Africa - Natural resources:
- Natural resources on earth – including water, air, forests, soil, animal and marine life
- Use and abuse of selected examples
2-4. Evaluate ways that different algorithms may be used to solve the same problem.
Class IX Geography Part – B: India - Physical Environment 78 Periods
Unit-7: Introduction 04 Periods
• Location, space relations, India's place in the world.
HUMSS_MCT12-Ih-i-4: Make a stand on how theconsequences of one’s action affect the lives of others and the environment.Geography - Grade 7 - Term 4 - Topic: Natural resources and conservation in South Africa - • Management of resources: Concept of conservation – including reasons for conservation
Class XII Geography - Unit 5: Human Settlements 10 Periods
• Settlement types - rural and urban; morphology of cities (case
HUMSS_MCT12-IId-f-1: Identify dimensions of technology thatare enabling and not inhibiting.Geography - Grade 8 - Term 1 - Topic: Maps and globs - Maps and atlases: Places in the news (ongoing throughout the year)
Class XII Geography - Unit 4: Transport, Communication and Trade 23 Periods
• Land transport - roads, railways; trans-continental railways.
HUMSS_MCT12-IId-f-2: Discuss the benefits of technology.
Geography - Grade 8 - Term 4 - Topic: Transport and trade (Focus: South Africa and the world) - (1) • Trade and transport in South Africa: Major roads, railways, airports and harbours in South Africa (map); (2) • People and transport in urban areas
- Private modes of transport – such as mini-bus taxis, cars and bicycles
- Transport issues – such as cost for commuters, traffic congestion and pollution
Class XII Geography - Part B. Unit 7: Human Settlements 10 Periods
• Urban settlements - types, distribution and functional classification.
HUMSS_MCT12-IId-f-3: Utilize technology effectively rather than be enslaved by it.
Geography - Grade 9 - Term 4 - Topic: Resource use and sustainability
(Focus: World) - (1) • Resources use: Uses of natural resources – renewable and non-renewable (2) • Sustainable use of resources
- Concepts of sustainable and unsustainable resource use
- Role of consumers – individuals, businesses and governmen
Clasa XII Geography Part B - Unit 8: Resources and Development - Mineral and energy resources- distribution of metallic (Iron ore, Copper, Bauxite, Manganese); nonmetallic
(Mica, Salt) minerals; conventional (Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas and Hydroelectricity) and
non-conventional energy sources (solar, wind, biogas) and conservation.
HUMSS_WRB12-II/IVf-g-13.2: Give examples of acts showing love andrespect of nature and the environment
Clasa XII Geography Part B - Unit 9: Transport, Communication and International Trade 15 Periods
• Transport and communication-roads, railways, waterways and airways: oil and gas pipelines;
Geographical information and communication networks.
Class XII Geography Part C. Practical Work - Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping - Data analysis and generation of diagrams, graphs and other visual diagrams using computers.
Sociology - Class XII - B. UNDERSTANDING SOCIETY 46 Marks
Unit 8: Environment and Society 16 Periods
• Ecology and Society
• Environmental Crises and Social Responses
Home Science - Class IX - Unit VI: Resource Management 10 periods
a. Waste management - need to refuse, reduce, reuse, repair and recycle wastes.
c. Optimum use of resources; water and electricity.
Health Education - Class IX - • Environmental conditions in villages, towns and slums in relation to the health status of people, waste disposal practices,
measures to prevent pollution, compost pits, soakage pits, sanitary latrines, sources of safe drinking water, municipal
water supply system, housing.
NCC - Class IX/X - Unit 10: Environment Awareness and Conservation 03 Marks 02 Periods
Aim: To sensitise the cadets on natural resource conservation and protection of environment.
Scope: Basic understanding of environment in general and waste management in particular, energy conservation,
pollution control and wildlife conservation in particular.
 Natural resources – conservation and management
 Pollution control, water, air, noise, soil
NCC (ARMY) - Class X/XI/XII - Unit 2: Map Reading 12 Marks 11 Periods
Aim: To teach cadets elementary map reading
Scope: Basic understanding of map sheets and map reading instruments and development of capability to use them
to carry out simple Map Reading
 Introduction to types of Maps and conventional signs.
 Scales and grid system
 Topographical forms and technical terms
 Relief, contours and gradients
 Cardinal points and Types of North
 Types of bearings and use of service protractor
 Prismatic compass and its use and GPS
 Setting of map, finding north and own position
NCC (NAVY) Class IX/X - Unit 4: Navigation Marks 05 Periods 06
Aim: To impart basic knowledge to Naval Communication.
Scope: Introduction to visual communication.
 Uses of Maps and Charts and its purpose
 Instruments required for chart work
 Markings on Chart, Light houses, buoys
 Introduction to Map reading and Navigation Aids to include GPS
NCC (AIR FORCE) - Class IX/X - Subject 4: Maps 05 Marks 01 Periods
Aim: To give basic knowledge of Air Navigation
Scope: Use of Maps and fundamentals of Map Reading from the air
 Maps
NCC Annual Training Camp - Class X -(JUNIOR DIVISION) Unit 4: Map Reading 06 Marks 12 Periods
• Introduction to Map and Conservational Signs
ANNUAL TRAINING CAMP: JUNIOR DIVISION (ARMY) - Unit 8: National Integration and Social AwarenessNational Integration 00 Marks 16 Periods
• Conservation of Environment and Ecology
• Pollution and its Control
ANNUAL TRAINING CAMP: JUNIOR DIVISION (NAVY) - Unit 11: National Integration, Civil Affairs Environment, Social Awareness 00 Marks 16 Periods
& Community Development, health and Hygiene
Unit 12: National Integration, Civil Affairs Environment, Social Awareness and 16 Periods
• Conservation of Environment and Ecology
• Pollution and its Control
• Uses of Maps and Charts and Its
• Purpose, Introduction to Map
Biology - Class XII - Unit 5: Ecology and Environment 30 Periods
Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; water pollution and its control; agrochemicals and their
effects; solid waste management; radioactive waste management; greenhouse effect and climate change; ozone
layer depletion; deforestation; any one case study as success story addressing environmental issue(s).
Computer Science - Class XI - UNIT 2: PROGRAMMING METHODOLOGY (28 Theory + 10 Practical) Periods\
Problem solving Methodologies: Understanding of the problem, solution for the problem, identifying
minimum number of inputs required for output, writing code to optimizing execution time and memory
storage, step by step solution for the problem, breaking down solution into simple steps (modular
approach), identification of arithmetic and logical operations required for solution; Control Structureconditional
control and looping (finite and infinite).
Problem Solving: Introduction to Algorithms/Flowcharts.
Unit 6: Social Responsibility of Business and Business Ethics 16 Periods
• Concept of social responsibility
• Case for social responsibility
• Responsibility towards owners, investors, consumers, employees, government and community
• Environment protection and business
History - Class XI - 17/Class XII - 16. Map Work on Units 1-16
Political Science - Class XI/XII - Political Theory - Develop the skills for logical reasoning and abstraction.
Psychology - Class XII - TERM II - Unit VIII: Environmental and Social Concerns 13 Periods
This unit focuses on the application of psychological understanding to some important social issues.
Human- environment relationship; Human impact on Environment. Noise, Pollution, Crowding; Natural
disasters, Psychology and Social Concerns: Aggression and Violence, Social Inequality and Poverty; Impact of
media; Promoting pro-environmental behaviour.
NCC (AIr Force) - Class XI/XII - Unit 6: Navigation 03 Periods
Aim: To give basic knowledge of Air navigation
Scope: Use of maps and fundamentals of map reading from the air
NCC - Class XI Unit 10/Class XII Unit 9: Environment Awareness and Conservation 02 Periods
Aim: To sensitise the cadets on natural resource conservation and protection of environment.
Scope: Basic understanding of environment in general and waste management in particular, energy
conservation, pollution control and wildlife conservation in particular.
• Natural resources – conservation and management
• Water conservation and rain water harvesting
Unit 8: National Integration and Social Awareness National Integration 06 Periods
Environment Awareness
• Conservation of Environment and Ecology
• Pollution and its Control
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