Shared Indonesia Snapper Grouper T75 Fisheries
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Fishery Information
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Improvement StatusFisheryFishSource RatingSustainability IssuesImprovement ObjectivesImprovements (2 years)FIP Rating & CommentAdditional Improvement Needs/Comments% of Sector
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)NANANANANANANA0
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia snapper, grouper & mackerel - longline (prev. Aru, Arafura and Timor Seas snapper and grouper - handlines, bottom set longline)High Risklacking knowledge on Stock status/assessment
No Rebuilding and harvest strategy
IUU known to occur
no management objectives in place. The fishery is managed by input controls but lack of alignment between central and regional management means even this has not been effective.
FIP started in May 2012 to To promote traceability to ensure that the origins and status of snapper, grouper, and other demersal products purchased are well-known and are all coming from legal fisheries and supply chains.
Improve the harvest data recording through logbooks to support the development of the fisheries management plan in Aru, Arafura and Timor Seas.
Improved Traceability on 5
>30GT (large vessel)
fishing offshore Indo
waters by installing VTS; Improved Traceability on 10
>30GT (smallvessel)
fishing offshore Indo
waters by installing VTS; Collect and Review Catch data
B – All goodUnknown 2.3
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia Makassar Strait snapper and grouper - longline and dropline (prev. Snapper-Grouper Makassar Strait)Not yet scoredlacking knowledge on Stock status/assessment
No Rebuilding and harvest strategy
IUU known to occur
no management objectives in place. The fishery is managed by input controls but lack of alignment between central and regional management means even this has not been effective.
Most snapper catches are not recorded, especially those destined for export that go directly to the buyers’ (middlemen’s) facilities..
Snappers are aggregated into demersal fish group in the assessment, resulting a high level of uncertainty on the real condition of the resources.
Snappers in FMA 713 are mainly fished by small-scale fishery, and by law, they are exempted from applying for fishing licenses ((PEMRI 2009) (PEMRI 2016)), rendering it more difficult to control and track these fisheries
There are no management objectives for the snapper stock(s). Management decisions consist on controlling fishing effort through the limitation of the number of fishing gear to be licensed.
FIP started in Jan 2015
To conduct study to better understand about the fishery, including to get more accurate information on fishing ground, supply chain, and how the fishery business contributes to local communities.
To train enumerators and local trader to record catch data using logbook.
To improve the availability of accurate data on catches
To collaborate with other institutions working on demersal fisheries issues in the country, including working together to improve the management and policy towards sustainable fisheries.
Data collection and sampling sites have been identified, enumorators trained and hired; Data have been collected incl data on Length at First Maturity (Lm) at SHANINDO facility, with the assistance of the fisheries advisor-put into a database; analyzed and submitted to the Authority;
Although FIP data were collected, improved MMAF management practices and policies have not yet taken place. The FIP has encouraged the MMAF to develop a more comprehensive data collection system for artisanal fisheries, which would include data collection outside the auction hall to reduce unreported catch from collecting stations.
C – All goodUnknown 4.2
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia North Java Sea snapper and grouper - handline and droplineHigh Risk ?Indonesia’s Commission for Stock Assessment 2011 report classifies snappers in the Java Sea (FMA-712) as overexploited. Uncertainty in these evaluations is likely high (e.g., due to deficient catch data reporting) and the exploitation status of particular species is unknown.
No management strategy known to be in place for this fishery.
Small-scale fisheries (SSFs) in Indonesia are practically unregulated, without any control over fishing capacity. The catch reporting system is deficient, with catch data being only collected for vessels > 5 GT.
FIP in Initiation
To conduct study to better understand about the fishery, including to get more accurate information on fishing ground, supply chain, and how the fishery business contributes to local communities.
To improve the availability of accurate data on production
To improve compliance of fishing boats involve in FIP
To collaborate with other institutions working on demersal fisheries issues in the country, including working together to improve the management and policy towards sustainable fisheries."
FIP started in Oct 2018, but lacks public reporting against ist work plan in FPC – All goodContinue with improvement efforts and publish FIP in FPIncl. in FAO 57 below
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Fishery targets of SRNational Indonesia Snapper Grouper FIP, covering:
Indonesia, snappers nei (FAO 57), wild (2.1%)
Indonesia, snappers, jobfishes nei (FAO 71), wild (9.0%)
Indonesia, jobfishes nei (FAO 57), wild (0.1%)
Indonesia, chocolate hind (FAO 57), wild (1.6%)
Indonesia, greasy grouper (FAO 57), wild (0.5%)
Indonesia, groupers, seabasses nei (FAO 71), wild (6.5%)
Indonesia, honeycomb grouper (FAO 57), wild (0.4%)
Indonesia, humpback grouper (FAO 57), wild (0.4%)
Indonesia, leopard coral grouper (FAO 57), wild (0.3%)
High RiskIUU known to occur
Limited harvest control measures
Limited fishery information available
Lack of information on stock status
lack of data-collection systems for artisanal fisheries,
lack of harvest strategies,
boat registration issues for small-scale fisheries
FIP in Initiation: SFP is supporting the development of a producer organisation in Indonesia as a base to organise producers and collaborate with other stakeholders to initiate a nation wide FIP; TNC is developing a national FIP focusing on the overfishing of juvenile snapper for golden size fillet.Stakeholders are organized and engaged, funding secured
Workplan developed to establish data collection
Fishery evaluation conducted
NASupport establishment of the Indonesia Demersal Fisheries Association in taking the lead on the development of a National IND Snapper & Grouper FIP20.9
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Fishery targets of SRAru Islands multispecies FIP in Initiation, PT Cilacap Samudera Fishing Industry (CSFI)High Risk ?·       ?FIP in Initiation – NANAContinue with improvement efforts and establish FIPIncl. in FAO 71 above
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Fishery targets of SRSmall Scale Snapper Grouper in Tanimbar Islands High Risk ?·       ?FIP Initiation in review by SuperIndo.NANAContinue with improvement efforts and establish FIPIncl. in FAO 71 above
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Total27.40%
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