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Fishery Information
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Improvement StatusFisheryFishSource RatingSustainability IssuesImprovement ObjectivesImprovements (2 years)FIP Rating & CommentAdditional Improvement Needs/Comments% of Sector
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Sustainable (MSC-C or FS scores above 8)NANANANANANANA0
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia snapper and grouper - bottom longline, dropline, trap, and gillnet (ADI)High RiskIUU known to occur
Limited harvest control measures
Limited fishery information available
Lack of information on stock status
lack of data-collection systems for artisanal fisheries,
lack of harvest strategies,
boat registration issues for small-scale fisheries
To work with the government and researchers to analyze the data and make judgments about fishery/species status and management actions required to improve that especially for the important/priority species (by June 2025).
To improve the availability of catch/production data for both artisanal and industrial fisheries through better reporting by industries to contribute to harvest strategy development and monitoring (by June 2025).
To work with government and other stakeholders to seek stock rebuilding plan for the important/priority species including work with both export market and domestic supply chain to shift consumer preference to larger fish or portion cuts and other limits (by June 2025).
To contribute to the consultation and discussion process with the government, researchers and other stakeholders about the need for and form of secondary and ETP species management arrangement (by June 2025).
To collect information on shark catch data and possibility for shark finning at sea to ensure compliance to shark finning policy (by June 2025).
To contribute in the process to develop Harvest Strategy and set out explicit and fishery specific objectives within the National Snapper Grouper Management Plan, which makes reference to specific actions relevant to each fishing gears (by June 2025)
To improve the compliance related to logbook submission, fishing licenses and boat registration for small boats (boats < 10 GT) (by June 2025).
To engage industry on provincial and national level policy development, including with the Consultative Panel of WPP Fisheries Management Council (by June 2025).
FIP fully published in July 2020Not Yer RatedUnknown 12.2
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia Aru and Arafura demersal fish - longline (prev. Indonesia snapper, grouper & mackerel - longline , Aru, Arafura and Timor Seas snapper and grouper - handlines, bottom set longline)High Risklacking knowledge on Stock status/assessment
No Rebuilding and harvest strategy
IUU known to occur
no management objectives in place. The fishery is managed by input controls but lack of alignment between central and regional management means even this has not been effective.
FIP started in May 2012 to To promote traceability to ensure that the origins and status of snapper, grouper, and other demersal products purchased are well-known and are all coming from legal fisheries and supply chains.
Improve the harvest data recording through logbooks to support the development of the fisheries management plan in Aru, Arafura and Timor Seas.
31 August 2018 — Catch data reports of legal vessels first published on FIP website
1 July 2016 — Large scale vessels installed VTS to improve data reporting and traceability.
1 July 2014 — FIP participants continue support to the Government enumerators to record catch at the landing site in Probolinggo Mayangan harbour
1 February 2013 — Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries established Ministerial Regulation regarding Implementation of Observers on Fishing Boats and Collecting Boats (Permen No.1/PERMEN-KP/2013)
B - All goodUnknown 2.3
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia Makassar Strait snapper and grouper - longline and dropline (prev. Snapper-Grouper Makassar Strait)Not yet scoredlacking knowledge on Stock status/assessment
No Rebuilding and harvest strategy
IUU known to occur
no management objectives in place. The fishery is managed by input controls but lack of alignment between central and regional management means even this has not been effective.
Most snapper catches are not recorded, especially those destined for export that go directly to the buyers’ (middlemen’s) facilities..
Snappers are aggregated into demersal fish group in the assessment, resulting a high level of uncertainty on the real condition of the resources.
Snappers in FMA 713 are mainly fished by small-scale fishery, and by law, they are exempted from applying for fishing licenses ((PEMRI 2009) (PEMRI 2016)), rendering it more difficult to control and track these fisheries
There are no management objectives for the snapper stock(s). Management decisions consist on controlling fishing effort through the limitation of the number of fishing gear to be licensed.
FIP started in Jan 2015
To conduct study to better understand about the fishery, including to get more accurate information on fishing ground, supply chain, and how the fishery business contributes to local communities.
To train enumerators and local trader to record catch data using logbook.
To improve the availability of accurate data on catches
To collaborate with other institutions working on demersal fisheries issues in the country, including working together to improve the management and policy towards sustainable fisheries.
Data collection and sampling sites have been identified, enumorators trained and hired; Data have been collected incl data on Length at First Maturity (Lm) at SHANINDO facility, with the assistance of the fisheries advisor-put into a database; analyzed and submitted to the Authority;
Although FIP data were collected, improved MMAF management practices and policies have not yet taken place. The FIP has encouraged the MMAF to develop a more comprehensive data collection system for artisanal fisheries, which would include data collection outside the auction hall to reduce unreported catch from collecting stations.
C – All goodUnknown 4.2
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia North Java Sea snapper and grouper - handline and droplineHigh Risk ?Indonesia’s Commission for Stock Assessment 2011 report classifies snappers in the Java Sea (FMA-712) as overexploited. Uncertainty in these evaluations is likely high (e.g., due to deficient catch data reporting) and the exploitation status of particular species is unknown.
No management strategy known to be in place for this fishery.
Small-scale fisheries (SSFs) in Indonesia are practically unregulated, without any control over fishing capacity. The catch reporting system is deficient, with catch data being only collected for vessels > 5 GT.
To conduct study to better understand about the fishery, including to get more accurate information on fishing ground, supply chain, and how the fishery business contributes to local communities.
To improve the availability of accurate data on production
To improve compliance of fishing boats involve in FIP
To collaborate with other institutions working on demersal fisheries issues in the country, including working together to improve the management and policy towards sustainable fisheries."
FIP started in Oct 2018, but lacks public reporting against its work plan in FP; Activities undertaken:
30 November 2019 — The Vessel Tracking System of FIP vessels is monitored by FIP Leads and Port Authority of Brondong - Java Sea.
5 March 2019 — Format for data collection provided
C – All goodContinue with improvement efforts and publish FIP in FP2
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Improving (FIP A-C)Indonesia deepwater groundfish - dropline, longline, trap and gillnetHigh RiskIUU known to occur
Limited harvest control measures
Limited fishery information available
Lack of information on stock status
lack of data-collection systems for artisanal fisheries,
lack of harvest strategies,
boat registration issues for small-scale fisheries
Most emperor red snapper catches are not recorded, especially those destined for export that go directly to the buyers’ (middlemen’s) facilities. Even if they are recorded, they are lumped into the catch record of kakap merah/bambangan (Lutjanus spp.).
All snappers (regardless of species) are aggregated into demersal fish group in the assessment, resulting a high level of uncertainty on the real condition of the resources.
Snappers, including emperor red snappers, in FMA 713 are mainly fished by small-scale fishery, and by law, they are exempted from applying for fishing licenses ((PEMRI 2009), (PEMRI 2016)), rendering it more difficult to control and track these fisheries.
There are no management objectives for the snapper stock(s). Management decisions consist on controlling fishing effort through the limitation of the number of fishing gear to be licensed.
To ensure the long term livelihood of fishers by establishing sustainable resource management for the nation’s groundfish (snapper, grouper, emperor and grunter) fisheries, and supporting preservation of allied ecosystems from which these resources depend (July 2019-June 2023).

Sub objective 1. The application of proxies accepted as an appropriate stock assessment tool for the Indonesian groundfish fishery (July 2019-July 2024).

Sub objective 2. To develop a groundfish fishery harvest strategy (July 2019-Dec 2022)

Sub objective 3. to promote the ecosystem based approach to fisheries management (July 2019-Jan 2023)

Sub objective 4. Fishery specific management objectives applied with the support of a management plan (July 2019-Dec 2021).

Sub objective 5. WPP decision making structure strengthened to ensure that it responds to fisheries specific requirements (July 2019-Dec 2022).

Sub objective 6. To strengthen compliance systems within the groundfish fishery (July 2019-Dec 2022)

Sub objective 7. Robust chain of custody system operational (July 19-June 2020)
1 October 2019 — Increase in MSC PI score 1.2.3 - Target species catch data extended to include all species caught by method, representing a 5 % sample of total catch, fleet and effort.
19 August 2019 — Increase in MSC PI 2.3.3. score- CODRS extended to include shark bycatch data
May 2019 - FIP published its work plan
A - all good6.6
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SR Active Priority
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Fishery targets of SRNational Indonesia Wild Snapper Grouper FIP, covering:
Indonesia, snappers nei (FAO 57), wild
Indonesia, snappers, jobfishes nei (FAO 71), wild
Indonesia, jobfishes nei (FAO 57), wild
Indonesia, chocolate hind (FAO 57), wild
Indonesia, greasy grouper (FAO 57), wild
Indonesia, groupers, seabasses nei (FAO 71), wild
Indonesia, honeycomb grouper (FAO 57), wild
Indonesia, humpback grouper (FAO 57), wild
Indonesia, leopard coral grouper (FAO 57), wild
High RiskIUU known to occur
Limited harvest control measures
Limited fishery information available
Lack of information on stock status
lack of data-collection systems for artisanal fisheries,
lack of harvest strategies,
boat registration issues for small-scale fisheries
FIP in Initiation: SFP is supporting the development of a producer organisation in Indonesia as a base to organise producers and collaborate with other stakeholders to initiate a nation wide FIP; TNC is developing a national FIP focusing on the overfishing of juvenile snapper for golden size fillet.Stakeholders are organized and engaged, funding secured
Workplan developed to establish data collection
Fishery evaluation conducted;
FIP registered in FP as Prospective FIP & turned into Full FIP in July 2020
NASupport establishment of the Indonesia Demersal Fisheries Association in taking the lead on the development of a National IND Snapper & Grouper FIP
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Total27.30%
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Sustainable
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Improving27,3%
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SR Active Priority (FIP Catalysation Priorities)
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SR Future Priority (Leverage Development Priorities)
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SR Future Priority (Supply Chain mapping/Analysis)
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Targeted 2020 status (Sust/Imp+ SR Active Priority)27.30%
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