Codec Comparison Analysis
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H.264HEVCVP9AV1RealMedia
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Revenue Side
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Reach
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Computers100%Only Safari/Edge/ No Chrome or Firefox 95%80% in 6 months/CPU not yet knownPlayer and SDKs (no Mac)
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Mobile with hardware100%50%50%2 yearsSDKs
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Smart TV/STB/OTT100%100%under 100%2 yearsNo support
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Features
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Live100%Many optionsLittle supportChallengingFeasible but little commercial support
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Live transcode100%Many optionsWowza & NimbleChallenging
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Low latency100%Some optionsunknownChallenging
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HDRNot optimal (reach of 10-bit AVC unknown)100%HLG; no Dolby Vision or HDR102 yearsNot in standards
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Quality1 - lowest of the bunchH.264 @ 60%H.264 @ 60%VP9 @ 70%H.264 @ 70%
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Cost Side
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Encoding time1x~ 4x H.264~2X H.2641000+ x VP9Very efficient
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Content royalty costPPV/SubscripionVelos?NoneNo current std. supportNone
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FUD FactorNokia/MotorolaOthers not in poolFeels low riskSome riskMinimal
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H.264HEVCVP9AV1RealMedia
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OTTYes4K capable4K capableNoNo
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RokuYesUltraUltraNoNo
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ChromecastYes2nd Gen2nd GenNoNo
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FireTVYes4KNoNoNo
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Apple TV
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Smart TV
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SamsungYes2015+2015+NoNo
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HbbTVYesYesNoNoNo
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Smart TV AllianceYesYesNoNoNo
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