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ABCDE
1
gismuEnglish definitionEnglish notesMy definitionMy notes
2
bacrux1 utters verbally/says/phonates/speaks [vocally makes sound] x2.Also voices; does not necessarily imply communication or audience; ('says' is usually {cusku}). See also {krixa}, {cusku}, {casnu}, {tavla}, {voksa}, {pinka}.
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badnax1 is a banana/plantain [fruit/plant] of species/breed x2.See also {grute}.
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badrix1 is sad/depressed/dejected/[unhappy/feels sorrow/grief] about x2 (abstraction).See also {klaku}, {gleki}, {betri}, {cinmo}, {junri}.
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bajrax1 runs on surface x2 using limbs x3 with gait x4.See also {cadzu}, {klama}, {litru}, {stapa}, {plipe}, {cpare}.
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bakfux1 is a bundle/package/cluster/clump/pack [shape/form] containing x2, held together by x3.See also {daski}, {dakli}, {tanxe}.
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baknix1 is a cow/cattle/kine/ox/[bull/steer/calf] [beef-producer/bovine] of species/breed x2.See also {danlu}.
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bakrix1 is a quantity of/contains/is made of chalk from source x2 in form x3.See also {pinsi}, {blabi}, {jilka}.
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baktux1 is a bucket/pail/can/deep, solid, wide-topped container of contents x2, made of material x3.See also {botpi}, {patxu}, {tansi}, {lante}, {lanka}.
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baljix1 is a bulb [body-part] of plant/species x2; [metaphor: rounded, bulgy].See also {punli}, {batke}.
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balnix1 is a balcony/overhang/ledge/shelf of building/structure x2.See also {kajna}.
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balrex1 is a blade of tool/weapon x2.See also {dakfu}, {tunta}, {tutci}, {guska}, {kinli}, {katna}.
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balvix1 is in the future of/later than/after x2 in time sequence; x1 is latter; x2 is former.Also sequel, succeed, successor, follow, come(s) after; time ordering only (use {lidne} otherwise); aorist in that x1 may overlap in time with x2 as long as it extends afterwards; non-aorist future (= {cfabalvi}); (default x2 is the space time reference, whereupon:) x1 will occur. See also {lidne}, {cabna}, {purci}, {farna}.
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bambux1 is a bamboo (Bambuseae) of genus/species x2.Cf. {spati}, {tricu}.
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bancux1 exceeds/is beyond limit/boundary x2 from x3 in property/amount x4 (ka/ni).On the other side of a bound, but not necessarily directly 'across' nor at the shortest plausible distance (per {ragve}); also not limited to position in space. See also {dukse}, {ragve}, {zmadu}, {kuspe}.
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bandux1 (event) defends/protects x2 (object/state) from threat/peril/potential x3 (event).Also secures (verb); x1 wards/resists x3; protective cover/shield (= {badgai}). See also {ckape}, {fanta}, {fapro}, {marbi}, {rivbi}, {zunti}, {snura}, {binra}, {lunbe}, {pulji}.
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banfix1 is an amphibian of species/breed x2.See also {danlu}, {respa}.
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bangux1 is a/the language/dialect used by x2 to express/communicate x3 (si'o/du'u, not quote).Also tongue. See also {tance}, {cusku}, {ve} {tavla}, {valsi}, {gerna}, {jufra}, {natmi}, {slaka}.
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banlix1 is great/grand in property x2 (ka) by standard x3.Indicates a subjective greatness, as compared to the objective standard implied for {barda}; (synonyms, possibly requiring tanru:) extraordinary, illustrious, magnificent, impressive, awesome, grandiose, august, inspiring, special, majestic, distinguished, eminent, splendor, stately, imposing (all generally {zabna}); terrible ({mabla}). See also {barda}, {nobli}, {se} {sinma}, {pluja}, {misno}, {vajni}, {fasnu}, {cizra}, {traji}, {mutce}, {se} {manci}.
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banrox1 grows/expands [an increasing development] to size/into form x2 from x3.Also rising, developing; x1 gets bigger/enlarges/increases. See also {farvi}, {zenba}, {jmina}, {barda}, {makcu}, {ferti}.
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banxax1 is a bank owned by/in banking system x2 for banking function(s) x3 (event).See also {sorcu}, {zarci}, {canja}, {kagni}.
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banzux1 (object) suffices/is enough/sufficient for purpose x2 under conditions x3.See also {dukse}, {claxu}, {nitcu}, {ricfu}, {curmi}.
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baplix1 [force] (ka) forces/compels event x2 to occur; x1 determines property x2 to manifest.Also constrains; requires success, unlike the physics term (better expressed by {danre}). See also {fanta}, {rinju}, {jimte}, {jitro}, {rinka}, {krinu}, {zukte}, {randa}, {danre}, cmavo list {bai}, {marxa}, {tinsa}, {xarnu}.
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bardax1 is big/large in property/dimension(s) x2 (ka) as compared with standard/norm x3.See also {banli}, {clani}, {ganra}, {condi}, {plana}, {cmalu}, {rotsu}, {banro}, {xanto}.
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bargux1 arches/curves over/around x2 and is made of x3; x1 is an arch over/around x2 of material x3.Also arc; x2 need not be an object, but may be a point or volume. See also {cripu}, {kruvi}, {korcu}, {condi}.
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barjax1 is a tavern/bar/pub serving x2 to audience/patrons x3.See also {gusta}, {birje}, {jikru}, {sanmi}, {vanju}, {xotli}, {ckafi}, {se} {pinxe}.
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barnax1(s) is a/are mark(s)/spot(s) on x2 of material x3.{ba'armo'a} for a pattern of marks. See also {sinxa}, {pixra}, {se} {ciska}, {se} {prina}.
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bartux1 is on the outside of x2; x1 is exterior to x2.See also {jibni}, {nenri}, {sruri}, {lamji}, {korbi}, {calku}, {vasru}.
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basfax1 is an omnibus for carrying x2 in medium x3 propelled by x4.Cf. {sorprekarce}; {pavloibasfa} for single-decker, {relyloibasfa} for double-decker {jonbasfa} for articulated, {clajonbasfa} for bi-articulated, {dizbasfa} for low-floor, {drucaubasfa} for open top, {kumbasfa} for coach, {dicybasfa} for trolleybus.
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basnax1 emphasizes/accentuates/gives emphasis/stress/accent to x2 by (action) x3.Also: say forcefully. See also {pandi}.
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bastix1 replaces/substitutes for/instead of x2 in circumstance x3; x1 is a replacement/substitute.Also: x1 trades places with x2. See also cmavo list {ba'i}, {binra}.
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batcix1 bites/pinches x2 on/at specific locus x3 with x4.Bite through (= {ka'arbatci}, {batygre}); pinch (= {cinzybatci}). See also {denci}, {jgalu}, {guska}, {citka}.
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batkex1 is a button/knob/[handle] on/for item x2, with purpose x3, made of material x4.See also {jadni}, {balji}, {punji}, {jgari}, {lasna}.
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bavmix1 is a quantity of barley [grain] of species/strain x2.See also {gurni}.
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baxsox1 reflects Malay-Indonesian common language/culture in aspect x2.See also {meljo}, {bindo}.
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bebnax1 is foolish/silly in event/action/property [folly] (ka) x2; x1 is a boob.See also {fenki}, {xajmi}, {prije}, {fliba}.
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bekpix1 is a/the 'back'/dorsum/'posterior' body-part of x2 Cf. {trixe}, {cutne}. Not necessarily should be at the back of the body. Determined by bilateral symmetry of the body.
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bemrox1 reflects North American culture/nationality/geography in aspect x2.See also {merko}, {kadno}, {xispo}, {mexno}.
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bendex1 is a crew/team/gang/squad/band of persons x2 directed/led by x3 organized for purpose x4.(x1 is a mass; x2 is a set completely specified); Also orchestra (= {zgibe'e}, {balzgibe'e}), outfit; x3 conductor; business, not necessarily incorporated (= {cajbe'e}, {venbe'e}). See also {gunma}, {girzu}, {dansu}, {jatna}, {jitro}, {kagni}, {kamni}, {minde}, {ralju}, {cecmu}, {gidva}.
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bengox1 reflects Bengali/Bangladesh culture/nationality/language in aspect x2.See also {xindo}.
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benjix1 transfers/sends/transmits x2 to receiver x3 from transmitter/origin x4 via means/medium x5.Also possibly 'sharing'; no (complete) alienation from origin is implied. x5 carrier. See also {muvdu}, {dunda}, {mrilu}, {nirna}, {xruti}, {cradi}, {tivni}, {preja}, cmavo list {be'i}, {bevri}, {mrilu}, {tcana}.
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bersax1 is a son of mother/father/parents x2 [not necessarily biological].Also filial. See also {verba}, {nanla}, {nakni}, {nanmu}, {patfu}, {mamta}, {bruna}, {rirni}, {rorci}, {panzi}, {tixnu}.
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bertix1 is to the north/northern side [right-hand-rule pole] of x2 according to frame of reference x3.See also {snanu}, {stici}, {stuna}, {farna}.
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besnax1 is a/the brain [body-part] of x2; [metaphor: intelligence, mental control].Also cerebral. See also {menli}, {stedu}, {rango}, {pensi}.
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betfux1 is a/the abdomen/belly/lower trunk [body-part] of x2; [metaphor: midsection].Also stomach (= {djaruntyrango}), digestive tract (= {befctirango}, {befctirangyci'e}). See also {cutne}, {livga}, {canti}.
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betkax1 is a beet of species/variety x2.
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betrix1 is a tragedy/disaster/tragic for x2.See also {badri}, {xlali}, {morsi}, {binra}.
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bevrix1 carries/hauls/bears/transports cargo x2 to x3 from x4 over path x5; x1 is a carrier/[porter].Alienation from x2 to x3 is implied. See also {marce}, {muvdu}, {benji}, {klama}.
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bidjux1 is a bead/pebble [shape/form] of material x2.See also {bolci}, {canre}, {lakse}, {dirgo}.
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bifcex1 is a bee/wasp/hornet of species/breed x2.See also {cinki}, {sfani}, {lakse}.
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biklax1 whips/lashes/snaps [a sudden violent motion].See also {skori}, {darxi}.
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bilgax1 is bound/obliged to/has the duty to do/be x2 in/by standard/agreement x3; x1 must do x2.Also x3 frame of reference. See also {zifre}, {fuzme}.
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bilmax1 is ill/sick/diseased with symptoms x2 from disease x3.See also {kanro}, {mikce}, {spita}, {senci}, {kafke}, {binra}.
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bilnix1 is military/regimented/is strongly organized/prepared by system x2 for purpose x3.Also paramilitary; soldier in its broadest sense - not limited to those trained/organized as part of an army to defend a state (= {bilpre}). See also jenmi for a military {force}, {sonci}, {ganzu}, {pulji}.
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bindox1 reflects Indonesian culture/nationality/language in aspect x2.See also {bindo}, {meljo}, {baxso}.
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binrax1 insures/indemnifies x2 (person) against peril x3 (event) providing benefit(s) x4 (event).Also x3 loss; sell/purchase insurance (= {binryve'u}), premium (= {binrydi'a}, or {binryvelve'u}). See also {bandu}, {cirko}, {betri}, {basti}, {bilma}.
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binxox1 becomes/changes/converts/transforms into x2 under conditions x3.Resultative, not-necessarily causal, change. (cf. {cenba} for non-resultative, {galfi} for causal, {stika} for non-resultative, non-causal change; {zasni})
58
birjex1 is made of/contains/is a amount of beer/ale/brew brewed from x2.See also {pinxe}, {barja}, {jikru}, {vanju}, {xalka}, {fusra}.
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birkax1 is a/the arm [body-part] of x2; [metaphor: branch with strength].Also elbow (= {bircidni}), wrist (= {xanterjo'e}), appendage (but jimca, rebla preferred). See also {jimca}, {janco}, {xance}, {rebla}.
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birtix1 is certain/sure/positive/convinced that x2 is true.See also {jetnu}, {jinvi}, {krici}, {djuno}, {senpi}, {sruma}.
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bislix1 is a quantity of/is made of/contains ice [frozen crystal] of composition/material x2.Composition including x2, which need not be a complete composition. See also {kunra}, {runme}, {lenku}, {krili}, {bratu}, {snime}, {carvi}.
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bitmux1 is a wall/fence separating x2 and x3 (unordered) of/in structure x4.See also {jbini}, {sepli}, {fendi}, {canko}, {drudi}, {kumfa}, {loldi}, {senta}, {snuji}, {pagre}, {gacri}, {kuspe}, {marbi}, {vorme}.
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blabix1 is white/very-light colored [color adjective].Pale forms of other colors are a compound of white; e.g. pink (= {labyxu'e}, {xunblabi}) (whereas kandi is used for pale = dimness, lack of intensity). See also {skari}, {xekri}, {grusi}, {kandi}, {manku}, {carmi}, {bakri}, {blanu}, {bunre}, {cicna}, {crino}, {narju}, {nukni}, {pelxu}, {xunre}, {zirpu}.
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blacix1 is a quantity of/is made of/contains glass of composition including x2.See also {kabri}.
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blanux1 is blue [color adjective].See also {skari}, {blabi}, {xekri}, {zirpu}, {kandi}, {carmi}, {cicna}.
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blikux1 is a block [3-dimensional shape/form] of material x2, surfaces/sides x3.x3 sides/surfaces should include number, size, and shape; also polyhedron (= {pitybli} having flat/planar sides/surfaces). regular polyhedron (= {kubybli}, {blikubli}), brick (= {kitybli}); See also {tapla}, {kubli}, {tanbo}, {canlu}, {kojna}, {sefta}, {bolci}, {kurfa}, {tarmi}.
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blotix1 is a boat/ship/vessel [vehicle] for carrying x2, propelled by x3.See also {falnu}, {fulta}, {marce}, {jatna}, {sabnu}.
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blujix1 is a pair of jeans / blue jeansSee also {de'emni}, {bukpu}, {palku}, {taxfu}
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bolcix1 is a ball/sphere/orb/globe [shape/form] of material x2; x1 is a spherical object [made of x2].Also round. See also {bliku}, {cukla}, {bidju}, {gunro}.
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bongux1 is a/the bone/ivory [body-part], performing function x2 in body of x3; [metaphor: calcium].x2 is likely an abstract: may be structure/support for some body part, but others as well such as the eardrum bones; the former can be expressed as (tu'a le <body-part>); cartilage/gristle (= {ranbo'u}), skeleton (= {bogygreku}). See also {greku}, {denci}, {jirna}, {sarji}.
71
botpix1 is a bottle/jar/urn/flask/closable container for x2, made of material x3 with lid x4.See also {baktu}, {lante}, {patxu}, {tansi}, {tanxe}, {vasru}, {gacri}.
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boxfox1 is a sheet/foil/blanket [2-dimensional shape/form flexible in 3 dimensions] of material x2.See also {plita}, {cinje}, {polje}, {slasi}, {tinci}.
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boxnax1 is a wave [periodic pattern] in medium x2, wave-form x3, wave-length x4, frequency x5.See also {slilu}, {dikni}, {cinje}, {polje}, {morna}, {canre}.
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bradix1 is an enemy/opponent/adversary/foe of x2 in struggle x3.See also {damba}, {jamna}, {darlu}, {pendo}, {fapro}, {gunta}, {sarji}, {jivna}, {jinga}.
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bratux1 is hail/sleet/freezing rain/solid precipitation of material/composition including x2.This is the substance, not the act or manner of its falling, which is carvi. See also {carvi}, {snime}, {bisli}, {tcima}.
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brazox1 reflects Brazilian culture/nationality/language in aspect x2.See also {porto}, {ketco}.
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bredix1 is ready/prepared for x2 (event).See also {spaji}, {jukpa}.
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bridix1 (text) is a predicate relationship with relation x2 among arguments (sequence/set) x3.Also: x3 are related by relation x2 (= {terbri} for reordered places). (x3 is a set completely specified); See also {sumti}, {fancu}.
79
brifex1 is a breeze/wind/gale from direction x2 with speed x3; x1 blows from x2.See also {tcima}.
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brijux1 is an office/bureau/work-place of worker x2 at location x3.See also {jibri}, {gunka}.
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britox1 reflects British/United Kingdom culture/nationality in aspect x2.See also {glico}, {skoto}, {merko}, {ropno}.
82
brodax1 is a 1st assignable variable predicate (context determines place structure).See also cmavo list {bu'a}.
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brodex1 is a 2nd assignable variable predicate (context determines place structure).
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brodix1 is a 3rd assignable variable predicate (context determines place structure).
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brodox1 is a 4th assignable variable predicate (context determines place structure).
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brodux1 is a 5th assignable variable predicate (context determines place structure).
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brunax1 is brother of/fraternal to x2 by bond/tie/standard/parent(s) x3; [not necess. biological].See also {mensi}, {tunba}, {tamne}, {famti}, {bersa}.
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budjox1 pertains to the Buddhist culture/religion/ethos in aspect x2.See also {latna}, {lijda}.
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bukpux1 is an amount of cloth/fabric of type/material x2.See also {mapni}, {matli}, {sunla}, {slasi}, {silka}.
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bumrux1 is foggy/misty/covered by a fog/mist/vapor of liquid x2.See also {djacu}, {carvi}, {danmo}, {lunsa}, {tcima}, {gapci}.
91
bundax1 is x2 (def. 1) local weight unit(s) [non-metric], standard x3, subunits [e.g. ounces] x4.(additional subunit places may be added as x5, x6, ...); See also {grake}, {junta}, {tilju}, {rupnu}, {fepni}, {dekpu}, {gutci}, {minli}, {merli}, {kramu}.
92
bunrex1 is brown/tan [color adjective].See also {skari}, {blabi}, {xekri}, {kandi}, {carmi}.
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burcux1 is a brush for purpose x2 (event) with bristles x3.See also {komcu}, {pinsi}.
94
burnax1 is embarrassed/disconcerted/flustered/ill-at-ease about/under conditions x2 (abstraction).See also {cinmo}.
95
cabnax1 is current at/in the present of/during/concurrent/simultaneous with x2 in time.(default x2 is the present resulting in:) x1 is now; time relationship only, 'aorist' claiming simultaneity does not mean one event does not extend into the past or future of the other. See also {zvati}, {balvi}, {purci}, cmavo list {ca}, cmavo list {ca'a}.
96
cabrax1 is apparatus/mechanism/device/equipment for function x2 controlled/[triggered] by x3 (agent).Form determined by/from function; does not imply automated/automatic action - requires an external agent/trigger (a minji may be a zmiku cabra if it requires an external agent to trigger or control the functions that it performs automatically). (cf. {tutci}, {minji}, {finti}; {girzu}, {ganzu} for organizational apparatus, pilno)
97
cacrax1 is x2 hours in duration (default is 1 hour) by standard x3.See also {junla}, {mentu}, {snidu}, {tcika}, {temci}.
98
cadzux1 walks/strides/paces on surface x2 using limbs x3.See also {stapa}, {bajra}, {klama}, {litru}.
99
cafnex1 (event) often/frequently/commonly/customarily occurs/recurs by standard x2.See also {rirci}, {fadni}, {kampu}, {rapli}, {krefu}, {lakne}, cmavo list piso'iroi and similar {compounds}.
100
cagnax1 is a wound on body x2 at locus x3 caused by x4Unlike velxai, it's specific to physical injuries pertaining to the surface of an organic body such as skin. Open wounds include ka'arcagna for 'incision / incised wound', fercagna for 'laceration', gukcagna for 'abrasion', tuncagna for 'puncture wound', grecagna for 'penetration wound', batcagna for 'bite wound', dancagna for 'gunshot wound', jelcagna for 'burn', da'ercagna for 'bedsore', furcagna for 'necrosis'; closed wounds include daxcagna for 'contusion/bruise', camdaxcagna for 'hematoma', ra'ircagna for 'chronic wound'.
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