Fabric Types
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Fabric TypeDescriptionUses
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BroadclothA tightly woven lustrous cotton cloth with fine embedded crosswise ribs. Resembles poplin.shirts, blouses, quilts
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CalicoA tightly-woven cotton type fabric with an all-over print, usually a small floral pattern on a contrasting background colordresses, aprons, quilts
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CanvasRugged, woven cloth made with coarse yarn. Also called duck.cushions, slipcovers, shower curtains, paint dropcloths.
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ChambrayA plain woven fabric that can be made from cotton, silk, or manufactured fibers, but is most commonly cotton. It incorporates a colored warp (often blue) and white filling yarnsUse: curtains, shirts, dresses.
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ChenilleA fuzzy cotton yarn or fabric that has pile protruding around it, named for the French word for caterpillar.Heavyweight as upholstery; lightweight for bedspreads and robes.
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ChintzGlazed fabric, often printed with floral designs or stripes.drapes and lining
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CorduroyRibbed pile fabric in various weights and weaves.cushions, curtains, bedspreads, jumpers and pants.
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DamaskPatterned fabric made on a jacquard loom.draperies, curtains bed and table linens
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DenimRugged, durable twill, most popular in indigo blue, but also white, tan, red, black.jeans, slipcovers, bedspreads, casual curtains.
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FlannelPlain-weave soft cloth with napped surfacewinter pajamas, nightgowns and sheets.
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GinghamYarn-dyed and woven usually in checks.kitchen curtains and little girls' pinafores, and more recently sheets and pillowcases.
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JacquardFabric woven on the jacquard loom, which produces elaborate, figured weaves.decorative fabrics such as tapestries, brocade and damask.
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KnitStretchy fabric made by interlocking thread loops together.Different weights for T-shirts, underwear, easy-care dresses and bedsheets.
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MatelasseDouble-woven in different patterns on a jacquard loom to give a three-dimensional lookOuter bedding and elegant tablecloths.
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OxfordFabric made with a modified plain or basket weave.button-down shirts and more recently, sheets and pillowcases.
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PercaleA smooth, finely combed woven with a minimum thread count of 180 threads per square inch.sheets and clothing
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PoplinFabric with a fine horizontal rib effect on the surface and high thread count.high-quality shirting
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PlisseFabric treated with a solution that shrinks part of the threads to create a crinkle effect.blanket covers and summer pajamas
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SateenA satin-weave cotton with a smooth, lustrous surface. Striped sateen mixes lustrous with matte-finish stripes.sheets, tablecloths, curtains.
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SeersuckerA lightweight cotton fabric with a woven crinkle achieved by altering tension in the warp yarns.synonymous with the classic summer suit; also used in sportswear, curtains, slipcovers.
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SheersBatiste, lawn, organdy, dimity, dotted swiss and voile are all finely woven cotton sheers. Some are crisp, some are soft.summer party dresses, linings, curtains and summer see-through slipcovers for wooden chairs.
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Terry clothFabric with moisture-absorbing loop pile covering the entire surface on one or both sides.
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Twill Durable fabric with diagonal lines on its face.pants, shorts, slipcovers
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VelvetA warp-pile fabric with short, densely woven cut pile, giving the fabric a soft, rich texturedraperies, cushions and clothing
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