|Document||Aimed at||Representation in Governance/Control||Sustainability||Succession Planning & Sunsetting||Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion||Transparency||Open/Accessible||Interoperability||Reproducible/Reuseable||"Public Good"||Data Collection and Use||Stakeholder Relations||Discoverability|
|Principles for Open Scholarly Infrastructure (Bilder G., Lin J., Neylon C., 2015)||Scholarly Infrastructure||*Coverage across the research enterprise|
*Formal incentives to fulfil mission & wind-down
|*Time-limited funds are used only for time-limited activities|
*Goal to generate surplus
*Goal to create contingency fund to support operations for 12 months
*Mission-consistent revenue generation
*Revenue based on services, not data
|*Living will |
*Formal incentives to fulfil mission & wind-down
|*Coverage across the research enterprise|
|*Open source |
*Open data (within constraints of privacy laws)
*Available data (within constraints of privacy laws)
|"To ensure that the community can take control if necessary, the infrastructure must be “forkable.” The community could replicate the entire system if the organisation loses the support of stakeholders, despite all established checks and balances." [See "Open"]||*Revenue based on services, not data|
|Vienna Principles (OANA, 2016)||scholarly communication system||*Validated Progress: Scholarly communication should promote both the production of new knowledge and the validation of existing knowledge.|
*Innovation: Scholarly communication should embrace the possibilities of new technology.
|*Transparency: Scholarly communication should provide open and transparent means for judging the credibility of a research result.|
*Quality Assurance: Scholarly communication should provide transparent and competent review.
*Evaluation: Scholarly communication should support fair evaluation.
|*Accessibility: Scholarly communication should be immediately and openly accessible by anyone.||*Reusability: Scholarly communication should enable everyone to effectively build on top of each other’s work.|
*Reproducibility: Scholarly communication should provide reproducible research results.
|*Public Good: Scholarly communication should expand the knowledge commons.||*Understandability: Scholarly communication should provide research in a clear, concise and understandable way adjusted to different stakeholders.|
*Collaboration: Scholarly communication should foster collaboration and participation between researchers and their stakeholders.
|*Discoverability: Scholarly communication should facilitate search, exploration and discovery.|
|FAIR Principles (GO FAIR, 2016)||Scientific Data Management and Stewardship||*(Meta)data are retrievable by their identifier using a standardised communications protocol
-The protocol is open, free, and universally implementable
-The protocol allows for an authentication and authorisation procedure, where necessary
*Metadata are accessible, even when the data are no longer available
|*(Meta)data use a formal, accessible, shared, and broadly applicable language for knowledge representation.
*(Meta)data use vocabularies that follow FAIR principles
*(Meta)data include qualified references to other (meta)data
|*Meta(data) are richly described with a plurality of accurate and relevant attributes|
-(Meta)data are released with a clear and accessible data usage license
-(Meta)data are associated with detailed provenance
-(Meta)data meet domain-relevant community standards
|*(Meta)data are assigned a globally unique and persistent identifier
*Data are described with rich metadata (defined by R1 below)
*Metadata clearly and explicitly include the identifier of the data they describe
*(Meta)data are registered or indexed in a searchable resource
|Principles of the Scholarly Commons (FORCE11 Scholarly Commons Working Group, 2017)||Scholarly commons activities||The scholarly commons is an agreement among knowledge producers and users.|
-The commons is developed by its members through their practice
-There is global commitment and participation in the commons’ long-term viability and preservation
|*(Use of) external systems or technology, including reward systems, must not harm the commons.|
-The form research is disseminated in is determined by the needs of the research itself
-All activities and outputs that take place in in the commons remain in the commons
|*Participation in the production and use of knowledge should be open to all who wish to participate.|
-The commons welcomes and encourages participants of all backgrounds
-The commons is open to all participants who accept its principles
|*The rewards for participating in the commons are access, opportunity and attribution|
-Provenance of objects in the commons should be transparent and persistent
-The commons has no intrinsic hierarchies, rankings, or reward systems
|*Research and knowledge should be freely available to all who wish to use or reuse it.|
-The commons is open by default
-Scholarly objects and content in the commons is FAIR: findable, accessible, interoperable and reusable by humans and machines
|*The commons is agnostic regarding form and technology|
-The commons exists independently of technology, funding, and business models that support and enable it
-The commons accepts all contributed objects that adhere to its guidelines on an equal basis regardless of form, genre or approaches
|Next Generation Repositories (COAR, 2017)||Repositories||Distribution of control - Distributed control, or governance, of scholarly resources (pre-prints, post-prints, research data, supporting software, etc.) and scholarly infrastructures is an important principle which underpins this work. Without this, a small number of actors can gain too much control and can establish a quasi-monopolistic position. Distributed networks are more sustainable and at less risk to buy-out or failure||Sustainability - Institutions and research organizations will be major participants in the global network, contributing to the long term sustainability of resources.||Inclusiveness and diversity - Different institutions and regions have unique and particular needs and contexts (e.g diverse language, policies and priorities). A distributed network of repositories will aim to reflect and be responsive to the different needs and contexts of different regions, disciplines and countries.||Intelligent openness and accessibility - Scholarly resources will be made openly available and in accessible formats, whenever possible, in order increase their value and maximize their re-use for the benefit for scholarship and society.||Interoperability - Repositories will adopt common behaviours, functionalities and standards ensuring interoperability across institutions and enabling them to engage in a common way with external service providers.||Public good - The technologies, architectures and protocols adopted in the context of the global network for repositories will be available to everyone, using global standards when they are available.|
|Digital Preservation Declaration of Shared Values (Digital Preservation Services Collaborative, 2018)||Digital preservation||*Affordability and Sustainability - We endeavor to balance providing affordable services to the widest possible communities with sustainability of the content we protect.|
*Empowerment - We encourage capacity-building in our partners, members, and the larger digital preservation community to sustain our shared goal.
|Stewardship Continuity - We will collaborate to help identify new locations for content when one of the undersigned organization’s stewardship cannot continue.||*Inclusiveness - We strive to adopt and promote inclusive practices in the partnerships we form, the collections we preserve, and the organizations we serve.|
*Technological Diversity - We develop and deploy a variety of platforms and technologies to create a heterogeneous network that spans diverse geographic, technical, and institutional environments.
|*Openness and Transparency - We share information about costs and technologies openly.|
*Accountability - We are responsible to each other and the broader community for employing ethical and transparent preservation practices.
|Openness and Transparency - We favor open technologies, standards, and protocols.||Portability/Interoperability - We recognize that digital preservation involves moving data across systems and time. We design and maintain our services to maximize the integrity of the content and ease by which we transfer this content.||Advocacy - We aim to inspire stakeholders at every level to engage, invest in, and sustain preserving our collective cultural heritage and academic record.||Collaboration - We work together and will collaborate with organizations that share the values set out in this statement.|
|Declaration of Rights and Principles to Transform Scholarly Communication (Schneider R.A., UCOLASC, 2018)||Negotiating with publishers during journal license renewals||*No free labor|
*No double payments
*No hidden profits
*No non-disclosure agreements
|*No waivers of OA Policy|
*No delays to sharing
*No closed metadata
*No long-term subscriptions
*No permanent paywalls
*No deals without OA offsets
*No new paywalls for our work
|*No copyright transfers|
*No restrictions on preprints
*No limitations on author reuse
*No impediments to rights reversion
*No curtailment of copyright exceptions
*No barriers to data availability
*No constraints on content mining
|Good Practice Principles for Scholarly Communication Services (COAR/SPARC, 2019)||Scholarly communication services||Good governance - The service has strategic governance that allows community input on the direction of the service and operational governance with community representation and decision making power||Succession planning - If the service is a nonprofit, the organization’s bylaws state the conditions and terms governing how the organization may be transferred or wound down. If the service is provided by a for-profit entity, the contract/agreement should not be assignable to another entity without the client’s express permission.||Transparent pricing and contracts - The service’s contract conditions and pricing are transparent and equitable, with no non-disclosure agreements included.||*Open standards - The service uses open APIs to enable interoperability, and adheres to open standards. Ideally, the platform is based on open-source software, but in cases where it is not, user-owned content is managed according to well-established, international standards.|
*Open content - Content, metadata and usage data are immediately, openly and freely available in machine-readable format via open standards, and using licenses (like CC0 or similar) which facilitate reuse.
|Open standards - The service uses open APIs to enable interoperability, and adheres to open standards.||Fair data collection - Only data necessary for the service’s provision are collected from users and the type of the data collected and how they are used is clearly and publicly articulated.|
|Principles and Values (Redalyc-AmeliCA, 2019)||Communication infrastructure for scholarly publishing and open science||*The open academy-owned non-profit non-subordinate sustainable and with responsible metrics publishing model ought to be strengthened.|
*Open Access sustainability by means of cooperative work schemes and a horizontal distribution to cover costs.
|Diversity of scientific journals is necessary, hence pressure to homogenise them ought to be stopped.||*Open Access has neither future nor meaning unless research assessment systems evolve.|
*Open Access consolidation demands the transition to digital scientific communication.
*Financial investment in Open Access ought to be in line with its benefit for society.
|*Scientific knowledge generated with public funds is a common good and access to it is a universal right.|
*Science’s social impact is the foundation of Open Access’ existence.