Medical Glossary
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TermTypeAbbreviationSynonymsSpanishDefinitionPractical TipsResource
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anterior cruciate ligamentAnatomyACLligament in middle of the kneehttps://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/001074.htm
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avulsion fractureDiagnosis"chip" fracturefracture where tendon ligament is strained acutely and tears off a piece of bone
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benzodiazepineDrugcategory of antianxiety/antispasm drugs, Schedule IV, including Xanax, Ativangenerally should not be mixed with opioidshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benzodiazepine#Common_types
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carpal tunnel releaseProcedureCTRtransverse carpal ligament cut in carpal tunnel to widen tunnel and ease nerve pressurehttps://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002976.htm
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carpal tunnel syndromeDiagnosisCTSexcess pressure on median nerve in handhttps://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000433.htm
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cartilaginous discAnatomyintervertebral diskdisc between vertebrae in spinal columnhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/medicine-and-dentistry/intervertebral-disk
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cervical acceleration-decelerationMechanism of InjuryCAD"whiplash", "railway spine"injury mechanism to neck in many automobile accidents
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concussionDiagnosismild traumatic brain injury
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contusionDiagnosisbruiserupture of blood capillaries in skin or other tissue incident to injury
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dysesthesiaDiagnosisabnormal pain or discomfort in response to touch
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epicondyleAnatomywhat gets hurt in "tennis elbow"
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epicondylitisDiagnosis"tennis elbow" (lateral epicondylitis); "golfer's elbow" (medial epicondylitis)inflammation of tendons surrounding the epicondyle
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Extra Ocular Muscles IntactDiagnosisEOMItype of ocular motility test, part of a comprehensive eye exam
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flexionPhysiologymovement of limbs at joint altering the angle between the limbs
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guaifenesinDrugRobitussinexpectorant C10H14O4methocarbomol derived from this
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herniaDiagnosisexit of tissue or organ through wall of cavity in which it is normally located
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herniated nucleus pulposusDiagnosisHNPherniated disc
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hypertensionDiagnosisHPN
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inferior thoracic spineAnatomy
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interspinous ligamentAnatomyinterspinal ligamentligaments connecting spinous processes in adjacent vertebrae
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intervertebral discsAnatomycartilagenous disks
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Katz's diagramTesta diagram used to identify carpal tunnel syndrome
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kyphosisPhysiologyroundback
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listingPhysiology
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lorazepamDrugAtivan, Temestaa benzodiazapine anti-anxiety drug C15H10Cl2N2O2
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lordosisAnatomyswaybackcontributing factors include achondroplasia, discitis, kyphosis, obesity, osteoporosis and spondylolisthesis
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median nerveAnatomythe only nerve that passes through the carpal tunnel
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methocarbamolDrugcentral muscle relaxant used to treat skeletal muscle spasms
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myopathyDiagnosisdisease of the muscle tissue
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naproxenDrug
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nerve conduction studyTestNCS
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nerve conduction velocityPhysiologyNCV
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neuropathyDiagnosisdisease or malfunction of a nerve
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No Heat, Alcohol, Running, or MassageTreatmentNo HARMthings to avoid during injury treatment
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non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugDrugNSAID
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occiputAnatomyback of the head or skull
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olecranon processAnatomy
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omnipaqueDrugcontrast dye for radioimaging
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orthosisApparatusdevice that is worn to correct alignment/deformity, or to support an injury during recovery
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palpationProcedureexamining by touch
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pneumothoraxAnatomycollapsed lung
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Pupils Equal, Round, Reactive to Light and AccommodationDiagnosisPERRLA
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Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation, ReferralTreatmentRICER
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rhomboidAnatomy
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scoliosisDiagnosissideways curvature of the spineoccurs most often in the growth spurt before puberty
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soft tissue injuryDiagnosisdamages of muscles, ligaments, or tendons in the body; strain, sprain, or contusion
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Speed's testTesttest for superior labral tears or bicipital tendonitis
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sprainDiagnosisstretching or tearing of ligaments
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Spurling's TestTestused to assess radicular pain
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strainDiagnosisstretching or tearing of muscles or tendons
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temporomandibular jointAnatomyTMJhinge that connects the jaw to the skull
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thenar atrophyDiagnosis"wasting" of the muscle below the thumbmay be caused by chronic, severe CTS
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trapeziusAnatomy
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traumatic brain injuryDiagnosisTBI
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vocal cord paralysisDiagnosistotal interruption of nerve impulses to the laryngeal muscles
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vocal cord paresisDiagnosispartial interruption of nerve impulses to the laryngeal muscles
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