T1 Reconstruction WORKING COPY
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GLOSSCATEGORY#CETYMONCednìtıtOld YalanHkətl’ohnimTeyetátiOmariTumetıękTariThaxarevemni (PNEB)Proto-Far WesternNOTESRECONSTRUCTION
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nfatherkinship terms8ətanuīdaņjūtējuutenʉ̀-tenî-daniu(u/jo)tinĩytenuutaŋoutenu
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nmotherkinship terms8əməmoīmaņjūmījuumjènʉ̀-°meinî-mieniu(j)ominĩymeːnuũmjoŋo
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nriverlandscape8ximixjixjīmīsqēmisˤimì-skemi-skimiʃãop ɑɕkemiskeme
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nhairbody: head8tʰeŋčhathāņjat’ēɲtʃtèn-tsęʁˤ-·tęssun ɑːtʰɑŋkjətʰe
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ntoothbody: head7xompʰ·xōpohūmàùpa-ˤhǫb°-·kųbʳhõõp hɑmɑbxẽhõ-
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nsheep, goatmammals7kʰmeʈʰchātahmātʔmertá-ˤhęąt-medokhoãt, -khoãt ɑkʰmeɻɑðⁿɡəɦeːəʔ
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nhilllandscape7mùθtuhakāmestumjèstʃù-°mietʃu-miedru(õ)mistaameːstɑɻumjostʰo
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nsunsky & weather7ʈiɕkhiŝīgjitɬakkɬeje-ˤksik-nik’·okʃuʃ, -kʃuʃ kʰiːt͡skʰɬiki
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nmanpeople7kata·kadāqatʔata·kadakata kɑtɑketekata
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ncowmammals7wunʈʰvūtōwàùto-ǫųdo-bųdru(o)joãtouːnoũo̯ⁿde
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nduckbirds7tnerkačākāɲāqa-gįęgga-griekaciãka "chicken"t͡ɕɑneɻɡɑⁿɡjeːəke
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nlionmammals7pʰaxəxjōphahīwahə-.°paha-pagipvahu pʰɑxɑpʰexe
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vbreathelife & death7xeneāẑaņāeɬəɲ--esąʁâ-ęnaicunũɑxŋɑ
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vknowknowledge7θantə·sācatīsant’ə--sęgrî-·sątisĩĩctuhendɑti
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vgivetransfer7nuɕnisīšīnʃihni-ɬiso~ʒįʒi-~zrįgrieʑinʑi
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vbe oldage7nuìrnahīnīrə--nerî-nerinãraneʐi
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vbe fast, be quickmovement7θkoxokōsqo-ʷ-sko-spuskoɑɕkɑ
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nskysky & weather7ʂatʰsādaswàta-suot-suat·soot hoːtsaʔ
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nmountainlandscape7pʰnoxhnohpnoħa-°fǫą-pruk·pvããh ɑpʰnɑxⁿbəɦe
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vbe parent of; raisekinship terms7akmoaq’mə-ʷàʔmò-oggǫą-akruakkõɑkmo
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ndust, sandearth6tnitʰxjātīdihot’nitfø̀tnìtá-°fodįęt.-dritvootĩĩt xe
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ndeermammals6eniāmanīmīnimene "sheep"-emeni-emeniomoanã emeniemene
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nmolemammals6kəɕtə·kūxjicīquħqu-ˤkuokî-·kukiekuʃʃu kost͡ɕikoxiko
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nwindsky & weather6ŋukəkʰkāgalātəʔeʔa~grek·ũũkok, -ũkok ɡɑkⁿɡəʔ
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nheadbody: head6ʈʰìxatāātoha-rreha-dreka(o)taahaɑtɻeːɑtʰeɦe
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nbonebody: torso & limbs6anadaīnətnénàt-(h)enat-kenet·hanãt enetente
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nforestlandscape6pʰetʰphithīt’ī-.°psi-tivsi ɑpʰtʰipətʰe
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ntable, altarfurniture6tʰùʂthuzōsustúsotuzutsuso tʰusotʰuso
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nantinsects6wùjoōjōūjəujuiji ojoojo
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nmoon, monthtime6otʰōxocoohkʷtóʔauk’·ovʃ ofɑt͡soʔki
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nhornmammals6xunʈʰaīŝāaɬma-usųǫ-inma(h)uʃõyzmɑ
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nwoman, wifepeople6hinārāna (-ōna-)rìnàrinaranã (col. a-) ʐinɑsine
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nbirdbirds6tθetʰxjītītset-.tʃet.-(o)tsitt͡setʰtʰeʔ
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nleg, footbody: torso & limbs6θtakʰuxjacākhūskaħo-ʃkeako-ssakhu ɑstakʰuskokʰo
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nperson, peoplepeople6pɕìmpasāmītʃīm-°pʃemu-(o)psomõɑpsemypʰeme
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vsleepsleep6otʰxjānaosun~-ˤhǫę‘-·kuęgrenhoanhen
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vkillconflict6xwù·xoẑoəlt‹›oɬ-ʷo(ɬ)-ˤhuo.-·kun°hochɑs
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veatfood & drink6kʰmaʈʰ·timūtāmu-ʷ-tumu-·timutomõɑtneɕi
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vwork (v)work6xnimxjīmihnīnkən~ʸ-ˤhionnį‘-~grębʳhuomɑxŋem
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vpraisecommunication6matʰmāxatām‹›eʃu-ʷmàtˤe-°moate-matemɑxte
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ntreetrees6pʰθutʰpusūdu-°psut-psut·psut ɑpɕutpʰuʔ
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vbe newstative verbs6tʰometθthomāčasasūməts-tómetʃs-.tometʃ-tumeᵏs’
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neagle, hawkbirds6chimāħēmtʃima-.ˤkeme-khomõ "hawk"kʰime
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nknifetools6awakʰāhagaəráqarak·(h)arakɑɻɑkajeʔ
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nslope, clifflandscape6pwirtɬirplìra-°brir-nirpuar piːɻpɬiːə
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vselect, choose, prefermental processes6kəpəɕtipahacip’ahki-pekikpocciɑkpøst͡ɕi
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vdrinkfood & drink6rìwuhjavū-‘reo.-reburaoyoɻevu
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vbe bigsize6finte·xītāhēta--°fųde-vããfyne
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vbe whitecolor6anɕuāxjūʰahmu-ʷ-hęʒu-ĩcoo "be clear"ɑnʑu
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vbleedhealth6xjādīʃat-ʃròti-ʃʃadî-caatuɑɕɻeti
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vseek, searchknowledge6·cīxjicūkahku-ʷjiftʃʉ-kiuku-cuvcut͡ɕiftu
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vthinkmental processes6pənə·paņjūpāju-ʷ-°poniu.-pinĩpønu
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vwinresult6pʰiθpitīŝičit’iɬk-ˀ-°tteik.-pticcɑptiθtɑs
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nflower, roseplants6ùmuōmu-umu-umuhomõ, -omõ umuiːə
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vbe long, be tall, be narrowsize6paθpasq-ˀ-°peakâ-·paskapaskpoɕɑk
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vhave sex withsociety6mupʰìkiːmaqi-~°boge-ųpraõpukibɑke
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vbe aunt/unclekinship terms6kʰetʰħet-ˀʔé(t)-.ˤket-khitkʰet
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vbe calmbehavior6nowpʰnuku-njò(p)-nugi-nipanop
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vbe sister ofkinship terms6rìferihə-rìfe-‘rife-raviʐife
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nbedfurniture5xìmoxjāmōtēwətʃønè-kione-·kuęmu(t)ʃinĩhemoxẽmə
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nnosebody: head5xwəɬūlˤùranhuu θuxɬo
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nfacebody: head5pwù-°brųǫ-zea(o)pooɑpnoːⁿbo
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nlanguage, voicecommunication5topɕì·sōnaɬtəjetá-kieta-·kieta(t)ʃitsatɕetʰɑ
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nfistbody: torso & limbs5pāchōpakūpàtʃø̀-°bęįko-briekiuɑpθɑsⁿbjekiɦe
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ncrowbirds5katʰ·kagja-ˤkak-grakkaʃ kɑt͡skeki
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nsnowsky & weather5ìntθujātījàtè-įędi-jędijiãtu (col. i-) eːni
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nheartbody: torso & limbs5ʂutʰŝūduɬutnut(o)suuthytʰsɬuʔ
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narmbody: torso & limbs5pθaɕpaŝāzapɬasa-°pses-(o)pʃasɑpθɑspɬa
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nbloodbody: torso & limbs5xjāņjaʃahmu(ʃròti)-ʃąʁo-ʃain ɑɕɻenxiseŋi
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nearbody: head5onʂipšībiʃwìp-ʒuip°-ĩʃoop ɑzvipɣiːʔ
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nfamilykinship terms5ņjitūnitanʉ̀tø-suenu-(ĩ/i)nitiunytøŋijuteo̯
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nforeheadbody: head5eanaāņjāīja-eine-(h)inĩ eːnɑjaŋe
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nlakelandscape5tmatʰrānalōn-‘ruon-(u)joanɻoːnla
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vburn (intr)fire & light5pomətθagunupīməts--°piomotʃ-epiomõsspomøt͡s
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nshoulderbody: torso & limbs5ʂə·ŝiōɬājəjenaznęgʳ’ʃuo θyo
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nmilkfood & drink5chohōʃohə-.kiu-kugutʃoho tʰɑxɑ
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vwait for, expectmental processes5ɕaɕaxācapāɬap’ə--âreppa-nun°huucpoθɑtpɑ
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nlizardmammals5θatʰe·sathā-sete-setesatsi hetʰe
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nword, namecommunication5ōōtʃīsqaʃêskrò-tʃeskio-trekrutsaaskaa ɑtʰɻeɕkɑɻo
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nbutterflyinsects5eθkumuņjišicūmūniskōmu-neʃkiumu-(ũ)nũssomõŋestumu
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ncockroachinsects5owùrəōjohāoørà-ejora-ijiara ojoɻɑ
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vcookfood & drink5kʰuwəkʰpašānapəʃan-ken-°pʃę‘-pcanɑpɕen
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nhorizon, boundarylandscape5nəwmokʰnimōgonalmaqʷnìlmjoʔ-nirmiokˤ-niɻmɑjɑk
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vrainnatural events5ŋukwonkōņjotɬōmun~ʸʔwòn~ˤgoannį‘-ũkoinɑgvon
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nriver mouth, estuarylandscape5ẑozurosròsa-‘ros-hos, -ras (col. a-) ɻos
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nskinbody: torso & limbs5tʰθunthuŝūņjutɬūn-tsuni-tʃin tʰin
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nsnakenon-mammal land animals5ɕùwo·šivōhiwəʃiwòʃojo ɕivo
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vbe drystative verbs5ɕuɕtʰɕu·paehp--°pehã-·peᵏpih
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vhappenarrangement5ɕompʰ·tahjā-tere-·taretarateɻe
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nplant (n)plants5ribīriwī-‘rubu-eguʃupu, (u)jupulipy
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vexchange, tradetransfer5muìxənvatōsīšīmihan-ˀ-°meahąd-meakan°mihããt
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vrunmovement5ɕətʰ·ŝiņjiɬān~ʸnin’cinθyn
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vhear, listenperception5pʰnəmphāmahnām~-°ʃʃǫų‘-prempvaom
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vbuild, constructwork5phōtojàù-°pʃǫd-prųdʳpvããtɑpʰɻonad
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vsplit, dividearrangement5rowθakʰrūɬaq-rorɬà(ʔ)-‘ruozakˤ.-runakrinɻoɻðɑkʰoːəɬoʔ
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nnighttime5θətθəxjicīskiessii ɑst͡ɕi
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ventermovement5tʰathācaẑajé(ɬ)tągriek’·tcactʰɑs
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nday, daytimetime5ʂoŝāxjōɬohuʃoo ho:
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ndewsky & weather5witʰviǰiutɬ’aʉjewits
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