Voynich Lexicon
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WordTranslation to EnglishLocationOriginRoots and Related WordsLink
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akeperss
(a keperss)
goatsf5vLatinFrom Middle Dutch keper, from Latin capreus, capreō, from caper ‎(“male goat”), the same metonymy as modern Dutch bok. Cognate with Middle High German kepfer, French chevron.http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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alemlowf5vFinno-Ugricala- ‎(comparative alempi, superlative alin); under-, sub-, lower, nether; inferior. From Proto-Finnic *ala, from Proto-Uralic *ëla. Cognate with Estonian ala-, Hungarian alatt, and Veps alle.

http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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alkeibasic, elemental, fundamental, rudimentaryf66rFinno-Ugricalku ‎(“beginning”) alkeet ‎(“rudiments”) http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-FupKlRfAq_0/VLFOReq9OYI/AAAAAAAADzg/Fd8qIing0_g/s1600/Spells%2BPage.png
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alkeisaa chemical base/foundationFinno-Ugricalku ‎(“beginning”); alkeet ‎(“rudiments”) http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-7zVVS8yJ9xc/VKonJnY93EI/AAAAAAAADtg/x-GOBVsdCNs/s1600/Alkeisa.png
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aller/allaallf5v, f3vOld NorseFrom Old Norse allr; From Proto-Germanic *allaz ‎(“all”), from Proto-Indo-European *al- ‎(“all”). Cognate with Old English eall, Old Frisian all, Old Saxon al, Old Dutch al, ol, Old High German al, Gothic 𐌰𐌻𐌻𐍃 ‎(alls). From Middle English all, from Old English eall ‎(“all, every, entire, whole, universal”), from Proto-Germanic *allaz ‎(“all, whole, every”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- ‎(“all”). Cognate with West Frisian al ‎(“all”), Dutch al ‎(“all”), German all ‎(“all”), Swedish all‎(“all”), Icelandic allur ‎(“all”), Welsh oll ‎(“all”), Irish uile ‎(“all”), Lithuanian aliái ‎(“all, each, every”), Albanian lloj ‎(“type, sort, variegated”).http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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alomdreamn107Finno-Ugricadema/omohttps://1.bp.blogspot.com/-bknCNaBiQoY/VroKXidr6HI/AAAAAAAAG2E/4yMARZ2As54/s1600/alom.png
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apaiauntFinno-UgricApaiis is aunt in Udmurt (Zyrian/Votyak). http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-8yft7LIX2Ms/U690BZ-r5tI/AAAAAAAADAo/7FBsBN9EmuE/s1600/apai.png
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AsklysAksayRosette MapPlace NameAksay, Rostov Oblast, Russiahttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/-ZlF10AgYBDo/VlEVXDY02pI/AAAAAAAAGXA/hNf6Bpcimlc/s1600/Askay.jpg
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apesaspike lavenderf89r1Normanaspi m ‎(plural aspis) (Jersey) spike lavender, French lavenderhttps://1.bp.blogspot.com/-uTQThWmiVOo/WIDyqnTls1I/AAAAAAAAI0g/HYePcbfGoDAe1brZxlLiBsDjCi7-tuTKACLcB/s1600/aspesa.jpg
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Au zovAzovRosette MapPlace NameAzov, Rostov Oblast, Russiahttp://3.bp.blogspot.com/-VfSV7j0Mp8c/VlEVXHf0tWI/AAAAAAAAGW8/tcoTPeQydxY/s1600/Auzov.jpg
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dawhenf5vOld NorseFrom Old Norse þá and þó (adverb); and Old Norse þá er (when, conjunction), and German da (because, conjunction)http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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eitommove, gof83rBaltic-GermanicProto-Indo-European *h₁ey- ‎(imperfective). Akin to Lithuanian: eĩti, Latvian: iet, Latin: eō , *h₁éy-tr̥ ~ *h₁i-tén- ‎(r/n-stem), Albanian: *eika, Germanic: *ijjē, *ijjēdun (past tense of *gāną, *ganganą), Old English: ēode, ēodonhttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/--lmljlDznKk/Vi7DMqZbQYI/AAAAAAAAE8k/kiuXDDG8kfY/s1600/melt_edited.jpg
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ekepkercaps (plural)f2v (Quire 1)SlavicFrom Slavic ке́пка, Serbo-Croatian kȁpa ‎(ка̏па), From Middle High German kappe, from Old High German kappa, from Latin cappa. Akin to English cap, yet note the making of a Norse plural by adding "er."http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-JrEuBscbBeI/VIx8XyGIPuI/AAAAAAAADoY/SjDR-J4Sh7k/s1600/Kepka.png
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el?f5vhttp://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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elaresesfor the thighsf98vOld NorseFrom Old Swedish lar, from Old Norse lær, from Proto-Germanic *lahwaz. lår n ‎(definite singular låret, indefinite plural lår, definite plural låra)

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eleigesture/signf5vFinno-UgricFrom Finnish ele meaning gesture http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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Elek usa taElek: we have use ofRosette MapPlace NameElek, Hungary; Usa - Perfect participle of ūtor ‎(“make use of”). Ta: have/hold - From Old Norse taka, from Proto-Germanic *tēkaną ‎(“to touch”), from Proto-Indo-European *deh₁g-, *dh₁g- ‎(“to touch”). ta ‎(imperative ta, present tense tar, passive tas, simple past tok, past participle tatt)https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-RDHkD9e6OH4/V6-2ZkqgskI/AAAAAAAAIC8/p_8XufhXVpwKW8rPpwsAOomET_AlDODFACLcB/s1600/elekusata.png
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elkalomanimalsf5vOld NorseFrom Old Norse elgr, from Proto-Germanic *elh-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁el- ‎(“red, brown”).http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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elkerelksf5vOld NorseFrom Middle English *elk, from Old English eolc, eolh ‎(“elk”), from Proto-Germanic *elhaz, *algiz ‎(“elk”) (compare Low German Elk, German Elch, Swedish älg), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁élḱis, *h₁ólḱis (compare Polish łoś, Russian лось ‎(losʹ), Sanskrit ऋष्य ‎(ṛśya, “antelope”), variant of *h₁elh₁én (compare German Elen, Tocharian A/B yäl/ylem ‘gazelle’, Lithuanian élnis ‘stag’, Armenian եղնիկ ‎(ełnik) ‘doe, hind’).http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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ellerorf3vOld NorseFrom Old Norse ella, ellar, from Proto-Germanic *aljaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ályos.http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-59mDPo0FqOI/Vjg8Th7PTnI/AAAAAAAAFlo/vYt72nGo6oo/s1600/swedish.png
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elomlifef5vFinno-Ugriceluhttp://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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eluksalife (future)f77vFinno-Ugriceluhttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/-F1HjjChfsAs/VIchYormX3I/AAAAAAAADmk/qyxs6_cYOys/s1600/Elu.png
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elusalife (present)f77vFinno-Ugriceluhttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/-F1HjjChfsAs/VIchYormX3I/AAAAAAAADmk/qyxs6_cYOys/s1600/Elu.png
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elusoilife (past)f77vFinno-Ugriceluhttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/-F1HjjChfsAs/VIchYormX3I/AAAAAAAADmk/qyxs6_cYOys/s1600/Elu.png
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ep/epe/op/opeup, upper, onRosette MapOld NorseFrom Proto-Germanic *upp ‎(“up”). Cognate with Old English upp, Old Frisian up, Old Saxon up, Old High German ūf, Gothic 𐌹𐌿𐍀 ‎(iup).
Danish: op, opad; Faroese: upp; Icelandic: upp; Norwegian: opp; Swedish: upp, uppåt - the word occurs very often before a place name as part of it
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epaischubbyLatin/FrenchEpais is French for chubbyhttps://2.bp.blogspot.com/-451_zBEx79E/V7txaR27dUI/AAAAAAAAIFI/8HTprZt8WMk4iCUEo-O5-jZyLPnSz3t0ACLcB/s1600/Epais%2B-%2BFrench%2Bfor%2Bfat.png
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eparlasaifixative for liver of sulfurLatin/Greek, Old NorseLatin & Greek Epar/Hepar (liver); Old Norse láss, from Proto-Germanic *lamsaz (lock). Liver of sulfur was once used in pharmaceutical preparations such as “white lotion.” At one time sulfurated potash was used to combat arthritis. It eventually fell into disfavor for medical purposes because sulfides and polysulfides are toxic.http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-2svMY1H9jt0/VKoniAiLk5I/AAAAAAAADt4/rn5uDarPmlg/s1600/eparlasai.png
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Epov ovEupatoriaRosette MapPlace NameYevpatoria, From Ancient Greek Ευπατορία ‎(Eupatoría) via Russian Евпато́рия ‎(Jevpatórija). Ov could be Norse "oy" for island.http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-phUxddtkqq4/VlEVXfwm0vI/AAAAAAAAGXE/zeXzdjQhnmw/s1600/Eupatoria.jpg
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eroreiroute for travel over landrosette mapFinno-Ugricerä +‎ reitti, eräreitti - trailhttp://4.bp.blogspot.com/-TD9vySZl0dc/VjeI7E7F22I/AAAAAAAAFT8/WmtqUeGVJzw/s1600/erarei_edited.jpg
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esaikkaisasuperb, magicalf23rFinno-UgricOld spelling of the Sami word Isogaisa meaning superb.http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-282FZbBv7dY/U3VQegF15CI/AAAAAAAACOE/tzVigOBd5xE/s1600/Esaikkaisa+-+possibly+old+spelling+of+Sami+word+Isogaisa+meaning+superb+f23r.png
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esusoiSwedenRosette MapAkin to Latin Suecia
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ferto go, to travel. f5vOld NorseFrom Old Norse fara, from Proto-Germanic *faraną, from Proto-Indo-European *por-‎(“going, passage”).http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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heiheyf5vFinno-Ugricheyhttp://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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helkeijinglef5vFinno-UgricDeclension of helke, to jinglehttp://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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husahouseThroughoutOld Norsehttps://2.bp.blogspot.com/-rrGfHnDHx3c/WBLtlnUdb1I/AAAAAAAAIh4/Z9RnoxI5PtMYlKqADLCyM9s8G-pZ2xnhgCLcB/s1600/husa%2Bleikusa.jpg
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husahousef76rOld NorseFrom Middle English hous, hus, from Old English hūs ‎(“dwelling, shelter, house”), from Proto-Germanic *hūsą (compare West Frisian hûs, Dutch huis, Low German Huus, German Haus, Danish hus), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kews-, from *(s)kew- ‎(“to cover, hide”). Cognate with Old Frisian hūs, Old Saxon hūs (Low Saxon (Low German) Huus, Dutch huis), Old High German hūs (German Haus), Old Norse hús (Swedish hus).https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-nrBYLLYH6h4/V7DYJVOG6vI/AAAAAAAAIDU/__FD2UqEN3om9giAVPbklx2gZR0QNCyvACLcB/s1600/vm-husa.jpg
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husomHusum, DenmarkRosette MapOld NorseEp/Op Husom - Up or Op Husum (along or on Husum, Denmark)https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-kbAcNASf_aU/Vk603nTwDwI/AAAAAAAAGPQ/XIBYTAjWTpgkcDAbhqCNVi9auZuyUTcbg/s1600/schwerin.jpg
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jeandf5vFinno-UgricAkin to Finnish jahttp://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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jelkedo/performf5vFinno-Balto-SlavicAkin to Hungarian jelöl, jelen, jelenet: to make a scene, to signify; From proto-Uralic *jelkä (trace) as Finnish jälki and Estonian jälg; Jela! Livonian for do, Jel Latvian for do (imperative).http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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jellersignsf5vBalto-SlavicAkin to Hungarian jelöl, jelen, jelenet: to make a scene, to signify; jelom - instrumental case for feast, bestowal, lavishinghttp://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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jór horsef66rOld NorseFrom Proto-Germanic *ehwaz, whence also Old Saxon ehu, Old English eoh, Old High German ehu, Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐍈𐍃 ‎(aihws). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁éḱwos ‎(“horse”), whence also Latin equus, Ancient Greek ἵππος ‎(híppos) Old Irish ech (Irish each), Tocharian A yuk, Tocharian B yakwe, Avestan aspa-, Proto-Baltic *ečwā- (Lithuanian ašvà), Sanskrit अश्व ‎(áśva).http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-FupKlRfAq_0/VLFOReq9OYI/AAAAAAAADzg/Fd8qIing0_g/s1600/Spells%2BPage.png
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keiwalk or path (Livonian)f5vLivonian/Finnishhttp://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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keitheatf5vFinno-UgricAkin to Finnish keittää & keittäjä (to cook, boil, brew)http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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kela/ketacoil/diskFinno-Ugrichttps://2.bp.blogspot.com/-bTdU5kGly8I/V6vyHVaaGlI/AAAAAAAAIBM/fSi_SIMODzg2MH4z_zELodDLv2iiNsw4wCLcB/s1600/NutSedge.jpg
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kelommakef5vhttp://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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keltrefresh, wakenf5vhttp://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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kepkacap (képka)f4v (Quire 1) & f21v (Quire 3)SlavicFrom Slavic ке́пка, Serbo-Croatian kȁpa ‎(ка̏па); Middle High German kappe, Old High German kappa, Latin cappa. Akin to English cap. French képi, Swiss German Käppi, diminutive of Kappe. In addition, see Scots Kep, appar. var. of Cap n.1 1680 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Reg. H.) 23 JulyL A stand of new seirg cloaths with a gunne and one new kep. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-JrEuBscbBeI/VIx8XyGIPuI/AAAAAAAADoY/SjDR-J4Sh7k/s1600/Kepka.png
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kepkeicappedf6r (Quire 1)SlavicFrom Slavic ке́пка, Serbo-Croatian kȁpa ‎(ка̏па); Middle High German kappe, Old High German kappa, Latin cappa. Akin to English cap. French képi, Swiss German Käppi, diminutive of Kappe. In addition, see Scots Kep, appar. var. of Cap n.1 1680 Kirkcudbr. Test. (Reg. H.) 23 JulyL A stand of new seirg cloaths with a gunne and one new kep. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-JrEuBscbBeI/VIx8XyGIPuI/AAAAAAAADoY/SjDR-J4Sh7k/s1600/Kepka.png
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kerduringf5vOld Norsefrom Old Norse suðr, from Proto-Germanic *sunþrą.http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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kervessel, tub, gobletf3vOld NorseFrom Old Norse ker, from Proto-Germanic *kazą. May be related to Finnish kori - basket, Middle Irish curach, from Proto-Celtic *korukos ‎(“leather boat”) (from which also Welsh corwg ‎(“coracle”)), probably from Proto-Indo-European *(s)koro- ‎(“leather”) (from which also Latin corium). Kerlaug is Icelandic for bathing in a tub.http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-59mDPo0FqOI/Vjg8Th7PTnI/AAAAAAAAFlo/vYt72nGo6oo/s1600/swedish.png
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kesomsummer/gather/fallowf5vFinno-UgricRelated to Proto-Finnic *kesä; Proto-Samic *keasē.http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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klareiclear, transparentf83rLatinFrom Middle Low German klār and Old Norse klárr, from Latin clārus ‎(“clear”).http://2.bp.blogspot.com/--lmljlDznKk/Vi7DMqZbQYI/AAAAAAAAE8k/kiuXDDG8kfY/s1600/melt_edited.jpg
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kuutmoon/monthf5vFrom Proto-Finnic *kuu, From Proto-Uralic *kuŋe. Cognates include Estonian kuu and Hungarian hold.http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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leiksdock plant Rumex crispaf100vOld NorseFrom Middle High German loch, from Old High German louh, from Proto-Germanic *laukaz. Compare Low German Look, look, Dutch look, English leek, Old English lēac, Danish løg, Swedish lök. Cognate with Old Saxon lōk (Low German Look), Dutch look, Old High German louh (German Lauch), Old Norse laukr (Danish løg, Swedish lök, Icelandic laukur). The leaf of the dock plant, traditionally rubbed against the skin as a remedy for the sting of nettles. May also be related to Old Norse leikr: leikur m (genitive singular leiks, plural leikir) meaning game/play. In addition, see Scots leck: to pour water over bark or other substance to obtain a decoction, to draw off liquid in which something has been steeped (Cld. 1825 Jam.). [O.Sc. lek, leak, n. and v., from 1513. M. Du., L.Ger. lek, a leak, leken, to leak. The phonology suggests that the v. usage has been derived from the n.]http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-nQo8MW-b6qc/VK9gTIxSFWI/AAAAAAAADx4/OaUJlftql74/s1600/Leiks.png
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leikusaplayOld NorseIcelandic & Faroese "leikur"https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-rrGfHnDHx3c/WBLtlnUdb1I/AAAAAAAAIh4/Z9RnoxI5PtMYlKqADLCyM9s8G-pZ2xnhgCLcB/s1600/husa%2Bleikusa.jpg
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leitotato lead, to managef98vOld NorseFrom Old High German leiten, akin to Old English laedan, Old Saxon ledian, Old Norse Leitha. Leitin (third-person singular simple present leitet, past tense leitete, past participle geleitet, auxiliary haben)
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oisoraa river mouth; place where a stream enters a lakeRosette MapOld NorseSwedish os - river mough; Danish øse - pour; ose (Bokmål: oser, oste, ost; Nynorsk: osar, osa, osa or oser, oste, ost) English ooze
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oloillaon feeling - anaestheticf102v1Finno-UgricPlural adessive case of olo (being/feeling) from olla+o, meaning feelinghttps://2.bp.blogspot.com/-U2whfles_64/V66Sx74DpHI/AAAAAAAAIB8/9mJ_zwE3Z2A-QPcnAQa4l6ZAo9aJUDVrACLcB/s1600/lareses.jpg
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oresorto travel, to be on a journeyRosette MapOld NorseSwedish: resa ‎(present reser, preterite reste, supine rest, imperative res) resor = travelhttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/-qihKinoP0Y8/Vl7U8_bSDFI/AAAAAAAAGjo/tZsxa9diw_U/s1600/Upper-Left-Corner-W-Norway.jpg
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paraa being created to bring milk or butter to its creatorf66rFinno-UgricIn Scandinavian folklore, the slime mold Fuligo septica is identified as the vomit of troll cats. In Finland, F. septica was believed to be used by witches to spoil their neighbors' milk. This gives it the name paranvoi, meaning "butter of the familiar spirit". In Flemish language also, "heksenboter" refers to "witches' butter".http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/11/the-para-example-of-folk-magic.html
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PekkaPekkaFinno-UgricPeko (Finnish spelling Pekko, Pekka, Pellon Pekko) is an ancient Estonian and Finnish god of crops, especially barley and brewing. In the area of Setumaa, between Estonia and Russia, inhabited by the Seto language-speaking Setos, the cult of Peko was alive until the 20th century. Today, the Seto people (an ethnic group of Estonians in the south-east of the country) also revere Peko as their national hero and king, the name and figure are widely used as a national symbol.http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-rQnMTXVJShA/Vgq6FkyR8lI/AAAAAAAAExg/LhHeVphGVWU/s1600/setumaa.jpg
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perheitto have a familyf102v1Baltic-FinnicFrom Proto-Finnic *pereh.http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-t2Q-WRtTCMA/VKonUsRr_JI/AAAAAAAADtw/jNZ879wwhRk/s1600/Perheit.png
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phes/phoslight, sunshineLatin/Greek/IEFrom Proto-Germanic *baswaz ("crimson, purple"), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰōs- ("light, brightness"). Related to phos in phosphorus.cont. of phaos (light, daylight); from the same as phainó.
http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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ran, Rán, f82vOld NorseFrom Old Norse reynir ‎(“rowan”), related to rauðr ‎(“red”). Compare Norwegian rogn and Swedish rönn. raun-tre n. [ON: cp. OI reynir, OSwed. rone (with i-mutation) & MnE dial. (Northern) raan-, ran, vars. of rowan.] A rowan-tree berry. c1440(a1400) Eglam.612https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-hBuNmrj5p1A/V6wtxEbwFzI/AAAAAAAAIBc/BllPwzcBpRwvI5mk3CW3cHXSixQp2ozWACLcB/s1600/f82v_edited.jpg
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rarascarcityf66rOld NorseFrom Middle Low German rar ‎(“rare, valuable”), from Latin rārus ‎(“loose, sparse, rare”).http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-FupKlRfAq_0/VLFOReq9OYI/AAAAAAAADzg/Fd8qIing0_g/s1600/Spells%2BPage.png
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rhusa, rhusarthe Rus
f82vLatin (Rha)See Rhutenorum;Ruthenians (Cyrillic transliteration: Rusyns; German: Ruthene; Russian: Русины, Rusiny; Ukrainian: Русини/Руські, Rusyny/Rus'ki; Belarusian: Русіны, Rusin: Русины, Rusiny), an English-language exonym, is a historic Latinised exonym based on the endonymic term Rusin, an ethnonym applied to peoples speaking the eastern Slavic languages in the broad cultural and ethnic region of Rus' (Русь), especially the medieval kingdom of Kievan Rus' and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. These people gave rise to modern Belarusians, Russians, Ukrainians and Rusyns. From PIE root *h₁rewdʰ-: Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/raudaz, reudaną, rudjaną, rudrijaną, rustaz; OR from Latin Rha ‎(“River Volga”) (in the region from which the plant came to the Mediterraneum, cognate with New Latin Rheum)
A people made up of Scandinavian warrior merchants who travelled Eastern European river-roads from the eighth century, and whose settlements around Kiev and the Dnieper gave rise to the Russian principalities.
The medieval East Slavic state established by these same warrior merchants in the 9th century, whose capital was first in Novgorod and then in Kiev; Kievan Rus.
Any of the medieval East Slavic principalities ruled by this class, especially Kievan Rus.
https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-hBuNmrj5p1A/V6wtxEbwFzI/AAAAAAAAIBc/BllPwzcBpRwvI5mk3CW3cHXSixQp2ozWACLcB/s1600/f82v_edited.jpg
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sa?resssouthwardf5vFrom sørhttp://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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samallain the same way as/at the same time as/similarlyf82vFinno-NorseProto-Germanic *samaz; compare Sámi seamma, Swedish samma: same; samman: togetherhttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/-F1HjjChfsAs/VIchYormX3I/AAAAAAAADmk/qyxs6_cYOys/s1600/Elu.png
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sara/sorasore, woundf66rOld NorseFrom Middle English sor, from Old English sār ‎(“ache, wound”, noun) and sār ‎(“painful, grievous”, adjective), from Proto-Germanic *sairą ‎(noun) (compare Dutch zeer ‎(“sore, ache”), Danish sår ‎(“wound”)), and *sairaz ‎(“sore”, adjective) (compare German sehr ‎(“very”)), from pre-Proto-Germanic *sh₂ei-ro-, enlargement of Proto-Indo-European *sh₂ei- ‎(“to be fierce, afflict”) (compare Hittite sāwar ‎(“anger”), Welsh hoed ‎(“pain”), Ancient Greek αἱμωδία ‎(haimōdía, “sensation of having teeth on edge”)).http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-FupKlRfAq_0/VLFOReq9OYI/AAAAAAAADzg/Fd8qIing0_g/s1600/Spells%2BPage.png
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sareiaiawound, injury, soreOld NorseFrom Old Norse sár, from Proto-Germanic *sairą.
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sethef5vhttp://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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skeioccurs/occurredf5vFrom Old Swedish ske, from Middle Low German schên. Cognate with Danish ske, Norwegian skje, German geschehen, Dutch geschieden, Limburgish sji-jje. Icelandic ske ‎(weak verb, third-person singular past indicative skeði, supine skeð.http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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Sker EroraShcherbatovkaRosette MapPlace NameShcherbatovka, Volgograd Oblast, Russiahttp://1.bp.blogspot.com/-u61ImC-wN4E/VlEVXhgjNcI/AAAAAAAAGXM/vCr2AS0wOV0/s1600/sker-erora.jpg
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soimake a musical soundf5vFinno-UgricFrom Proto-Finno-Ugric *śoje; cognate to Hungarian zaj.http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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somwhich, thus, as, kind, also, thatf5v, f3vOld NorseFrom Old Swedish som or sum, in Runic inscriptions also sim, same as Icelandic sem, from Old Norse sem, from Proto-Indo-European *sḗm ‎(“one”), also related to the prefix sam- ‎(“co-, common, together”) and suffix -sam ‎(“-some, -like”). Still in the Poetic Edda, the Icelandic sem is only used as a comparative particle, e.g. Hávamál 23 allt er víl sem var (And his woe is just as it was). With time it has displaced other relative conjunctions (es, er). Its use as a pronoun is of a later date.http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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som somas like asOld NorseFrom Old Swedish som or sum, in Runic inscriptions also sim, same as Icelandic sem, from Old Norse sem, from Proto-Indo-European *sḗm ‎(“one”), also related to the prefix sam- ‎(“co-, common, together”) and suffix -sam ‎(“-some, -like”). Still in the Poetic Edda, the Icelandic sem is only used as a comparative particle, e.g. Hávamál 23 allt er víl sem var (And his woe is just as it was). With time it has displaced other relative conjunctions (es, er). Its use as a pronoun is of a later date.http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-YWimdbCRB9w/VIx7qA16BzI/AAAAAAAADoI/qcxBWgSebcs/s1600/Like%2Bthat.png
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sørsouthf5vOld Norsehttp://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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soreitabreaking up into pieces (as during a thaw)f83rFinno-Ugricsärytä = breaking up, From Finnish särkyä = to break (to separate into pieces, to fracture or crack)
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taiato put multiple people under a spellf66rFinno-UgricDeclension of taika, From Proto-Germanic *taikną OR taitaa (mastery)http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-FupKlRfAq_0/VLFOReq9OYI/AAAAAAAADzg/Fd8qIing0_g/s1600/Spells%2BPage.png
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taikkusaimagicFinno-Ugrictaikuus: taika (spell/enchantment), Proto-Germanic *taikną.http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-Fb5sbmq8SKc/VjYc7vzd59I/AAAAAAAAFTI/tOyK21sVLRY/s1600/taikuus.png
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taipjourney/passagef66rFinno-Ugricrelated to taival - passage (part of journey)http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-FupKlRfAq_0/VLFOReq9OYI/AAAAAAAADzg/Fd8qIing0_g/s1600/Spells%2BPage.png
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taitmagic, spell, enchantment, mastery, commandf66rFinno-UgricDeclension of taika, From Proto-Germanic *taikną OR taitaa (mastery)http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-FupKlRfAq_0/VLFOReq9OYI/AAAAAAAADzg/Fd8qIing0_g/s1600/Spells%2BPage.png
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teitdo, performFinno-UgricSecond-person singular past indicative for tehdä - to do, performhttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/-sMg5Fbc_IHY/VPaJGKaigTI/AAAAAAAAD78/Mv1BU2lZYjk/s1600/teit%2Bmeaning.png
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tetyou, thouf25vFinno-UgricPersonal, dialectal, including Kven: you (plural; in archaic English: ye)https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-guRjXAS6AnM/V69HlQGhpnI/AAAAAAAAICc/OH0Hs3HNrUk-Di6Upds8F7xOkvzC0PcfACLcB/s1600/tet.jpg
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torupsaTorup, DenmarkRosette MapOld NorseTorup is a name used throughout a region in western Denmark and Skåne (southern Sweden)https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-bYz5RgHBc6w/VlH7xpYkK5I/AAAAAAAAGYs/0ReAzPZDSKYCQt4RqCl7yBo9FSagVpCSg/s1600/the-way-to-schwerin-and-the.jpg
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toteisoidead icef83rGermanic/NorseTot = dead: From Old High German tōt (akin to Old Saxon dōd), from Proto-Germanic *daudaz. Compare Dutch dood, English dead, Danish død. Esoi = ice: From Old High German īs, from Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eyH-. Compare Low German Ies, Dutch ijs, English ice, Danish is. Toteis = dead ice (former glacier ice that is no longer connected to the active glacier)

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uka(ambiguous) week, aging, yielding, Finnish deityf82vFrom Old Norse vika, from Proto-Germanic *wikǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *weig-, *weik- ‎(“to bend, wind, turn, yield”). From Middle Dutch weke, from Old Dutch *wika, from Proto-Germanic *wikǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *weyg- ‎(“to bend, wind, turn, yield”). Related to wijken. Compare English week, West Frisian wike, German Woche. Norwegian: uke f, m ‎(definite singular uka or uken, indefinite plural uker, definite plural ukene) a week, or vika - (Swedish colloquial) to dedicate (time), to designate a period of time for a certain action; Finno-Ugric: ukkoutua (intransitive, of men) To become old. Ukko - old man (also name of chief Finnish god) from Proto-Finnic *ukko. Ukko, or Äijä or Äijö parallel in Estonian mythology to Uku, is the god of the sky, weather, harvest and thunder in Finnish mythology. Probably a Finnic pet form of uros ‎(“man, male”). Karelian: ukko, Veps: uk, Votic: ukko; ALSO related to Akka from Proto-Finnic *akka. Northern Sami áhkku is possibly an old loan from Finnish, explaining the irregular correspondence of -a- to -á-. https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-hBuNmrj5p1A/V6wtxEbwFzI/AAAAAAAAIBc/BllPwzcBpRwvI5mk3CW3cHXSixQp2ozWACLcB/s1600/f82v_edited.jpg
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Ukeleia fish in Germany/Poland OR a river in Poland called the Ukleja (formerly in Livonia)f5vSlavic/GermanFrom Polish ukleja. German Ukelei m ‎(genitive Ukeleis, plural Ukeleie), pl Ukeleis

http://voynichbirths.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-page-of-voynich-translated-f5v.html
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ypöialonef25vFinno-UgricAkin to Finnish ypö, ypösen, ypöyksin - all alone
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